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THE Editors have to acknowledge with gratitude the kind assistance 
of many of the leading musicians of the day in compiling this work. 
Almost without exception they readily responded to the demand 
upon their valuable time. Sir Frederick Bridge, Sir Frederic Cowen, 
Sir Ed. Elgar, Mr. Ed. German, Sir Alex. Mackenzie, Sir Geo. Martin, 
Sir W. Parratt, Sir Hubert Parry, Mr. Landon Ronald, Dr. Ethel 
Smyth, Sir Chas. Santley, Sir C. Villiers Stanford, Sir Henry Wood 
and many others, all co-operated generously to ensure the accuracy 
of the details. They have further to express their thanks to the Royal 
Opera Syndicate, Mr. Neil Forsyth, M.V.O., Messrs. John Long, 
Limited, The Union of Graduates, Messrs. Novello & Co., Messrs. 
Rudall, Carte & Co., the London Musical Courier, the proprietors of 
M.A.P., and the Universal Directory for kind permission to incorporate 
copyright matter. 

Others who have most kindly assisted in various ways are 
Mr. Waldo D'Avigdor, Mr. Claude Aveling, Mr. Philip Ashbrooke, 
Mr. Lewis Ford, Herr Freund, Dr. Harding, Miss Marjorie Pratt, 
W. J. K. Pearson, Mr. T. Arthur Russell, and Major Stretton, and the 
Imperial Concert Agency. 

They also desire to express the hope that this first attempt to com- 
pile a record of contemporary musicians of every grade of eminence 
may be received with the sympathy often accorded to the debutant's 
first appearance in public, with a tolerant eye to its many faults of 
omission and commission and a kindly appreciation of any small 
virtues it may possess. 

The Editors also desire to express their gratitude to Mr. John 
Parker, Editor of Who's Who in the Theatre, for the use of certain 
biographies compiled by him for that work. 







THEATRE, 1895-1912 .... 239-248 



OBITUARY, DEC., 1909, DEC., 1912 . . 279-282 



1. Westbrook, born 1831. 

2. Gayarre', died 1890. Mendelssohn's " Antigone" at Covent Garden, 1845. 

3. Giovanni Battista Pergolesi, born 1710, at Ancona, Italy. 

4. S. Storace, born 1763. 

5. H. T. Weist-Hill, first principal G.S.M., born 1830, London. " Princess Ida," 

[first produced London, 1884. 

6. Max Bruch, composer, born 1838, Cologne, and Scharwenka, pianist, 

[born 1850. 

7. Sigismund Thalberg,* born 1812. 

8. Hans von Btilow, born Dresden, 1830. 

10. B. Godard, died 1830. 

11. Sinding, born 1856. 

12. Adolph Jensen, born 1837. Arabella Goddard, born 1833, at St. Malo. 

13. Ferd. Ries, died 1838. H. Hofmann, born Berlin, 1842. 

14. J. de Reszke, born 1850. 

15. J. B. Faure, born 1830. 

' 16. Lo. Delibes, died 1891. Joseph Maas, died 1886. 

17. F. J. Gossec, born 1734. 

18. C6sar Cui, born 1835. 

19. " Trovatore," first produced in Rome, 1853. 

20. J. T. Carrodus, born Keighley, Yorks, 1836. 

21. Thos. A. Walmisley, born 1814. 

22. A Wilhelmj, died 1908. 

23. Lablache, died 1858. 

24. G. Flotow, died 1883. E. Hofmann, born 1776. 

25. Jan Block, born 1851. 

26. Frederick Corder, born 1852. 

27. Mozart, born 1756. A. A. Klengel, born 1852. 

28. L. F. Herold, born 1791. 

29. " Beggars* Opera," first produced Lincoln's Inn Fields, 1728. 

30. Lemmens, died 1881. 

31. F. Schubert, born Vienna, 1791. 

* Considerable doubt exists as to the exact date of Thalberg's birth. It is variously given 
(a) as above (Fetis), (b) on 7 Feb., iSia, oa the authority of an elder brother, and (c) on 5 May, by 
his biographer, Mendel. 




1. "Manon Lescaut," 1893 and "La BohSme," 1896, first produced at Turin. 

2. Palestrina, died 1594. 

3. Mendelssohn, born 1809, at Hamburg, F. Niecks, born 1845. 

4. Sir M. Costa, born 1807. E. J. Hopkins, died 1901. 

5. "II Barbiere di Siviglia," first performance, Rome, 1816. "Otello," at 

[Milan, 1887. 

6. H. Litolff, born London, 1820. 

7. Boyce, died 1779. 

9 J. L. Dussek, born 1761. 

10. Sir W. Parratt, born, 1841. C. Gurlitt, born 1820. 

11. A. E. M. Gretry, born 1741. 

12. G. Buonamici, born 1846. 

13. L. Wagner, died, 1883. L. Godowski, born 1870. 

14. H. Seeling, born 1828, at Prague. 

16. J. B. Calkin, born 1827. 

17. "Madame Butterfly," first performed at Milan, 1904. 

18. N. Paganini, born 1784. 

19. Adelina Patti, born 1843, at Madrid. 

20. H. Vieuxtemps, born 1820. C. de Beriot, born 1802. 

21. Carl Czerny, born 1791, at Vienna. Leo Delibes, born 1836. 

22. Niel W. Gade, born at Copenhagen, 1817. 

23. G. F. Handel, born 1685. 

24. S. Wesley, born 1766. J. B. Cramer, bora 1771, at Mannheim. 

25. P. L. Scharwenka, born 1847. 

26. "Habanera," first performed at Paris, 1908. 

27. Sir C. Hubert Parry, born 1848. 

28. Madam Patey, died 1894. C. Santley, born 1834. 

29. G. A. Rossini, born 1792, at Pesaro, and "Ugonotti" first performed 1836. 



1. Ebenezer Prout, born 1835. John Thomas, born 1826. 

2. G. A. Macfarren, born 1813. 

3. " Carmen," first performed at Paris, 1875. 

4. Carl Oberthflr, born 1819, at Munich. 

5. Covent Garden Theatre burnt down, 1856. 

6. "Traviata," first performed at Venice, 1853. 

7. Edward Lloyd, born 1845. 

8. Leoncavallo, born 1858. 

9. P. Juon, born 1872. 

10. Sarasate, born 1844. 

11. " Rigoletto " first performed 1851, at Venice. 

12. August Manns, born at Stokenberg, 1825. 

13. Hugo Wolf, born 1860. 

14. John Strauss, born 1804 at Vienna. "Mikado" first produced at Savoy 

[Theatre, 1885. 

15. Chas, Dibdin, born 1745. 

16. "Thais," first performed in Paris, 1894. 

17. S. Reay, born 1822. 

18. Manuel Garcia, born 1805. 

19. "Faust," first performed at Paris, 1859. 

20. Madam L. Dulcken, born 1811. 

21. J. S. Bach, born 1685. Lady Halte, born 1840, at Brunn. 

22. Carl Rosa, born 1843 at Hamburg. 

23. W. Taubert, born 1811 at Berlin. First performance " Messiah," London, 


24. Madame Malibran, born 1808, at Paris. 

25. F. J. F6tis, born 1784. " Trial by Jury," first produced, 1875. 

26. L. van Beethoven, died 1827, in Vienna. 

27. Sir Geo. Elvey, born 1816. d'Indy, born 1851. 

28. A. E. Batiste, bora 1820. Haydn's " Creation " first performed in England, 


29. Haydn Parry, died 1894. 

30. Dr. McNaught, born 1849. 

31. J. Haydn, born 1732 


1. Busoni, born 1866. First performance " Judas Maccabeus," 1747. 

2. F. Lachner, born 1804. " Merrie England," produced at Savoy, 1902. 

3. Brahms, died 1897. 

4. Hans Richter, born 1843, at Raab. 

5. L. Spohr, born at Selsen, 1784. 

6. R. Volkmann, born 1815. 

7. Chas. Burney, born 1726. D. Dragonetti, born 1763. 

8. Donizetti, died 1848. 

9. F, Paolo Tosti, born 1846, at Ortona. 

10. E. d' Albert, b, 1864. 

11. Chas. Halle, born 1819. 

12. " Oberon," first produced at Covent Garden, 1826. 

13. G. F. Handel, died 1759. 

14. " LakmeY' first performed at Paris, 1883. 

15. Covent Garden Theatre re-opened after fire, 1858. 

16. Cramer, died 1858. 

17. F. von Suppe, born 1820. 

18. . D. Coussemaker, born 1805. 

19. S. S. Wesley, died 1876. 

20. Th. Ddhler, born 1814. 

21. Gouvy, died 1898. 

22. Hayden Coffin, born 1862. 

23. " Patience," first performed at Op6ra Comique, 1881. 

24. J. Kirnberger, born 1721. 

25. " Pirates of Penzance," first produced at Opra Comique, 1880. 

26. C. J. Sax, died 1865. 

27. " Romeo et Juliette," first performed at Paris, 1867. 

28. C. F. Pohl, died 1887. 

29. Van Ondricek, born 1889. 

30. Sir H. Bishop, died 1855. 


1. Dvorak, died 1904. 

2. Michael von Glinka, bora 1804. 

3. " Masaniello," produced at Drury Lane, 1829. 

4. Cristofori, born 1655. 

5. Dr. T. T. Noble, born 1867. 

6. Ernst, born 1814. 

7. Johannes Brahms, born 1833, at Altona. 

8. Mme. Parepa-Rosa, born 1836, at Edinburgh. 

9. Giro Pinsuti, born 1829, near Florence. 

10. Rouget de 1'Isle, born 1760. 

11. Capocci, born 1840. 

12. Dr. Thos. A. Arne, born 1710. 

13. Arthur Seymour Sullivan, born 1842, at London. 

14. Sullivan's first ballet, " L'tle Enchantee," produced at Covent Garden, 1864. 

15. M. W. Balfe, born 1808, at Limerick. 

16. G. Nava, born 1802, at Milan. 

17. " Trovatore," first produced in England at Covent Garden, 1855. 

18. " Veronique," produced at Apollo Theatre, 1904. 

19. " Linda di Chamonix," first performed at Vienna, 1842. 

20. "Cavalleria Rusticana," first performed at Rome, 1890. 

21. " Pagliacci," first performed at Milan, 1892. 

22. Richard Wagner, born 1813, at Leipzig. 

23. Giov. B. Viotti, born 1753. 

24. Tito Mattei, born 1841. 

25. " H.M.S. Pinafore," first produced at Opera Comique, 1878. 

26. J. Curwen, died 1880. 

27. Joachim Raff, born 1822. 

28. Leopold Auer, born 1845. 

29. Albeniz, born 1861. 

80. Ignaz Moscheles, born 1794. 

31. Josef Haydn, died 1809, at Vienna. 




J. Pleyel, bora 1757. 

N. Rubinstein, born 1885, at Moscow. 

Ch. Lecocq, bora 1834, in Paris. 

Loeschhorn, died 1905. 

Carl M. von Weber, died 1826. 

John Stainer, bom 1840. 

Robt. Schumann, bora 1810, at Zwickau. 

Otto Nicolai, born 1810. 

" Tristan," first produced at Munich, 1865. 

R. Strauss, bora 1864. 

Hans Bischoff, died 1889. 

Dr. E. F. Rimbault, bora 1816. 

L. Sloper, born 1826, in London. 

Ed. Grieg, bora 1843. 

Otto Jahn, bora 1813. 

Chas. Gounod, bora 1818. 

Henry Leslie, bora 1822. 

Ferd. David, bom 1810. 

Braham, born 1774. 

Curschmann, born 1805. 

E. N. Mehue, born 1763. 

Carl Reinecke, bora 1824. 

Plunket Greene, born 1865. 

Raff, died 1882. 

Ed. Bunnett, bom 1834. 

John Hullah, bora 1812. 

J. Joachim, born 1831. 

Campra, died 1744. 

E. J. Hopkins, bom 1813. 



1. W. Vincent Wallace, born 1814, at Waterford. 

2. " Faust," first produced at Covent Garden Theatre, 1863. 

3. Rousseau, died 1778. 

4. Byrd, died 1623. 

5. Dr. Crotch, born 1775. 

6. J. Holbrooke, born 1878. 

7. Geo. Cooper, born 1820, in London. 

8. F. Chrysander, born 1826. 

9. R. Gauntlett, born 1805. 

10. H. Wieniawski, born 1835. 

11. " II Segreta di Susanna," first produced in England, London, 1911. 

12. C. Earth, born 1847. 

13. Carrodus, died 1895. 

14. Willy Hess, born 1859. 

15. C. Czerny, born 1857. 

17. Mme. Th. Tietjens, born 1831, at Hamburg. 

18. Mme. Viardot-Garcia, born 1821, in Paris. 

19. Lord Mornington, born 1735. 

20. Jacob Offenbach, born 1822, at Cologne. 

21. Felix Godefroid, born 1818. 

22. Arditi, born 1822, at Crescentino. 

23. Sacchini, born 1734, at Pozzuoli. 

24. Adolph Adam, born 1803, in Paris. 

25. Dibdin, died 1814. 

26. John Field, born 1782. 

27. V. de Pachmann, born 1848. 

28. Johann Seb. Bach, died 1750, at Leipzig. 

29. Robt. Schumann, died 1856. 

30. Templeton, born 1802. 

31. F. Liszt, died 1886. 



1. Papini, born 1847. 

2. J. SchulhofF, born 1825, at Prague. 

3. Fredk. Clay, born 1839 (? 1840), at Paris. 

4. Pflughaupt, born 1833. 

5. Ambroise Thomas, born 1811, at Metz. 

6. Mendel, born 1834. 

7. Granville Bantock, born 1868. 

8. Graun, d. 1759. 

9. N. H. Bocbsa, born 1789. 

10. Glazounov, born 1865. 

11. Kjerulf, died 1868. 

12. Sir Joseph Barnby, born 1838, at York. 

13. Sir Geo. Grove, born 1820. 

14. Wm. Croft, born 1677. 

15. Philip Armes, born 1836. 

16. "Siegfried," first produced at Bayreuth, 1876. 

17. " Gotterdammening," first produced at Bayreuth, 1876. 

18. Fredk. Wieck, born 1785. 

19. N. Porpora, born 1686. 

20. Christine Nilsson, born 1843. 

21. Otto Goldschmidt, born 1829. 

22. W. H. Cummings, born 1831, at Sidbury. 

23. M. Moszkowski, born 1854. 

24. Dubois, born 1837. 

25. Jomelli, died 1774. 

26. J, C. Kessler, born 1800, at Augsburg. 

27. Em. Sauret made d&Mt at Covent Garden* 1866. 

28. Walter Macfarren, born 1826. 

29. F. Motti, born 1856. 

30. Adolph Hesse* born 1809, at Breslau. 

31. H. L. Helmholtz, born 1821. 




2. 1W. C. Macfarren, died 1905. 

3. N. Amati, born 1596. 

4. E. Grieg, died 1907. 

5. Jacob Meyerbeer, born 1791. 

6. Walford Davies, born 1869. 

7. Andr6 Philidor, born 1726, at London. 

8. Anton Dvorak, born 1841, at Muhlhausen. 

9. Dr. W. Creser, born 1844. 

10. Dr. Z. Buck, born 1798. 

11. Sir G. C. Martin, born 1844. 

12. Theodor Kullak, born 1818. 

13. Mme. Schumann, born 1819, at Leipzig. 

14. M. Haydn, born 1737. 

15. S. Jadassohn, born 1831, at Breslau. 

16. C. Gomez, died 1896. 

17. S. Mercadante, born 1795, at Altamura. 

18. Franchetti, born 1860. 

19. Schira, born 1815. 

20. Covent Garden Theatre, burnt 1808. 

21. Aug. Wilhelmj, bora 1845, at Usingen. 

22. W. S. Hoyte, bora 1844. 

23. Mme. Malibran, died 1836. 

24. J. Klengel, born 1859. 

25. C. Klindworth, born 1830, at Hanover. 

26. Dr. Rimbault, died 1876. 

27. Hermann Wollenhaupt, bom 1827. 

28. J. Mattheson, bom 1681. 

29. Sig. Esposito, born 1855. 

30. Sir Chas. Stanford, born 1852, at Dublin. 




. I. Pierre M. F. Baillot, bora 1771. 

2. J. Ella, died 1888. 

3. " Yeomen of the Guard," first performance at Savoy Theatre, 1888. 

4. J. Blumenthal, born 1829. 

5. John Francis Barnett, born 1838, in London. 

6. Jenny Lind, born 1820. 

7. " Utopia, Limited," first performed at Savoy Theatre, 1893. 

8. Emil Sauer, born 1862. 

9. C. Saint-SaSns, born 1835. 

10. J. L. Krebs, born 1813. 

11. S. Wesley, died 1837. 

12. J. L. Hatton, born 1811, at Liverpool. 

13. M. Hauptmann, born 1792, at Dresden. 

14. W. Cusins, born 1833. 

15. Gerard F. Cobb, born 1838. 

16. R. Kreutzer, born 1766, at Versailles. 

17. A. W. Thayer, born 1817, at S, Natick, Mass. 

18. Ch. Gounod, died 1893. 

19. A. FumagaUi, born 1828. 

20. H. J. Blagrove, born 1811. 

21. Sims Reeves, born 1818. 

22. F. Liszt, born 1809, at Raiding. 

23. A. Lortzing, born 1803, Berlin. 

24. Hffler, bom 1811. 

25. Georges Bizet, bom 1838, at Paris. 

26. H. Smart, born 1813. 

27. A. Gibson, born 1849. 

28. Wm. Spark, born 1825, at Exeter. 

30. G. Merkel, died 1885. 

31. G. A. Macfarren, died 1887. 



1. V. Bellini, born 1802, at Catania. 

2. Jenny Lind, died 1887. 

3. " Fra Diavolo," produced at Covent Garden, 1831. 

4. Mendelssohn died 1847, at Leipzig. 

5. Hans Sachs, born 1494, at Nuremberg. 

6. I. T. Paderewski, bora 1860. 

7. I. Brull, bom 1846. 

8. " Adrienne Lecouvreur," first performed in England, London, 1904. 

9. J. B. Weckerlin, born 1821. 

10. Martin Luther, born 1483. 

11. B, Romberg, born 1767. 

12. G. Merkel, born 1827, at Lausitz. 

13. Rossini, died 1868. 

14. G. Spontini, born 1774. 

15. von Gluck, died 1787. 

16. John Curwen, born 1816, at Heckmondwike. 

17. " The Sorcerer," first produced at Opera Comique, 1877. 

18. Sir H. R. Bishop, born 1786. 

19. Arthur Chappell, born 1826, in London. 

20. Wm. Chappell, born 1809. 

21. H. Purcell, died 1695. 

22. Conrad Kreutzer, born 1780. 

23. T. Attwood, born 1765. 

24. " lolanthe," first produced at Savoy, 1882. 

25. Rheinberger, died 1901. 

26. H. G. Coward, born 1849. 

27. J. P. Duport, born 1721. 

28. Donizetti, bom 1797. 

29. Sofia Scalchi, born 1850. 

30. A. G. Rubinstein, born 1829, near Jarsy. 




1. J. Cling*!, born 1810. 

2. "Samson et Dalila," first performed at Weimar, 1877. 

3. H. Goetz, died 1876. 

4. R. Niemann, born 1838. 

5. Mozart, died 1791, at Vienna. 

6. Covent Garden Theatre, first opened 1732. 

7. " Gondoliers,*' first performed 1889, at Savoy Theatre. 

8. Henry Russell, died 1900. 

9. Sir Geo. Elvey, died 1893. 

10. " Girl of the Golden West," first performed at New York, 1910. 

11. Hector Berlioz, born 1803. 

12. Mme. Rudersdorff, born 1822. 

13. E. G. Monk, born 1819. 

14. Leopold Mozart (violinist), born 1719, at Augsburg. 

15. H. G. Gadsby, born 1842. 

16. L. van Beethoven, born 1770, at Bonn. 

17. H. Goetz, born 1840, at Konigsberg. 

18. Carl M. von Weber, born 1786, at Gutin. 

19. John Ella, born 1802. 

20. 7h. Marzials, born 1850. 

21. E. Pauer, born 1826, at Vienna. 

22. Mme. Caireno, born 1853. 

23. E. de Reszke, born 1855. 

24. First performance of " Alda," at Cairo, 1871. 

25. Arbos, born 1863. 

26. Riviere, died 1900. 

27. Sir J. Goss, born 1800. 

28. J. Rietz, born 1812. 

29. W. Crotch, died 1847. 

30. " Pirates of Penzance," first produced at Bijou Theatre, Paignton, 1879. 

31. G. Herz, born 1799. 


The following abbreviations are used : 


ABBOTT, Bessie (Pickens), soprano 
vocalist; b. Riverside, New 
York ; her grandfather, Mr. Pickens, 
was U.S. Ambassador at St. Peters- 
burg ; studied under Bouhy and 
Madame Mathilde Marches! ; made her 
debut at the Opera House, Paris, in 
December, 1901, as Juliet in Gounod's 
" Romeo et Juliette " ; appeared at the 
Elysee and British Embassy, Paris, 
on the occasions of the visits of King 
Oscar of Sweden and King Edward 

ACKTE, Aino, operatic soprano ; b. 
Helsingfors, Finland, 1876 ; entered 
the Paris Conservatoire in 1894; later 
made her debut (in '97) at the Grand 
Opera as Marguerite in Gounod's 
" Faust " ; subsequently interpreted 
with great success such parts as Elsa 
in " Lohengrin," Elizabeth in " Tann- 
hauser," Benjamin, in MehuTs 
" Joseph," and other leading rdles. 
Has recently achieved a triumph in 
rdle of Salome in Strauss's opera, 
during the Beecham season at C. G. 

ADAMS, Stephen, song writer. 

ADAMS, Suzanne, operatic soprano ; 
of Irish parentage, but born in America; 
e. for musical profession by Mme. 
Marches! in Paris. Made her d&but 
there as Marguerite. Has sung at 
most of the principal oratorio and 
ballad concerts in England, and in 
opera at the Metropolitan Opera 
House, New York, and elsewhere. 
Was married to the late Mr. Leo 
Stern, a famous 'cello player who 
died somewhat suddenly several years 
ago. She appeared at Covent Garden 


Theatre each year from 1898-1906. 
Address: 77 Cambridge Terrace, W. 

ADELA, Marguerite, soprano; b. 
London, 17 Oct., 1884 ; d. of William 
Gascoigne- Johnson ; e. at Croydon 
and at the Brighton School of Music 
under Mr. Robert Taylor, gaining 
a scholarship and gold medal; also 
under Mr. H. Van Vleet in London; 
first appearance in Hull, 1896, deput- 
ising for Madame Alice Esty; since 
then she has fulfilled engagements on 
two occasions at the Albert Hall, and 
at ^olian Hall. Recreations : tennis 
and motoring. Agent : c/o Mapleson 
& Co., Ltd., 47 Charing Cross Road, 

AOUTTER, Benjamin, organist and 
composer ; b. St. Albans, 2 April, 
1844 ; studied organ and composition 
with E. J. Hopkins, singing with 
Manuel Garcia, and harmony and 
counterpoint with Dr. Wylde ; gradu- 
ated Mus.Bac. Oxon, 1870 ; Mus. 
Doc. Cantuar, 1891 ; Fellow R.C.of O., 
etc. For many years organist and 
choirmaster of St. Peter's, Streatham ; 
has composed a Missa de Sancto 
Albano and a Missa de Sancto Petro ; 
and other services for the Holy 
Communion, anthems, morning and 
evening services, hymns, carols, etc. 
Address : c/o Novello & Co., 160 
Wardour Street, W., and 26 Elmstone 
Road, Fulham, S.W. 

AINIEY, William Clark, organist 
and composer ; b. Kirkheaton, Yorks, 
13 July, 1834; A.R.C.O. and Mus. 
Bac., Cantab, 1885; organist and 
choirmaster at Kirkburton Parish 
Church, 1856; Kirkheaton, 1863; 
Moldgreen Parish Church 1865, and 
Mirfield Parish Church, 1874, down to 
the present time. Has composed a 

i (3141) 




large number of anthems, including 
" Behold, O God our Defender/* for 
Queen Victoria's Jubilee, organ pieces 
and church services. Address: 
Selwyn House, Filey, Yorks. 

AITKEN, George (George Benjamin 
Johnston Aitken), pianist, composer 
and critic ; b. in London, his parents 
being unconnected with music save as 
amateurs. Educated for music at 
the R.A.M., which he entered while 
sub-organist of St. Andrews, Well 
Street, in 1885, under Walter Macfarren 
and Matthay, for piano, Dr. Steggall, 
and Davenport for composition. 
Gained Robert Cocks Prize for piano- 
playing in 1895 and Associateship 
R.A.M,, 1896. Appointed organist 
and choirmaster Hampstead Parish 
Church, 1895. Eventually made a 
specialty of pianoforte playing and 
teaching under Tobias Matthay. Pro- 
fessor of piano at G.S.M. since 1904. 
Has published Church Service in E 
flat, anthem, " Christ is Risen," many 
pianoforte solos, duets, violin and 
organ pieces, and is well known as 
composer of the charming songs " Lead 
Kindly Light,' 1 " Maire My Girl," 
" Jest Her Way," " Message of Hope," 
etc., etc. Address: 58 Gondar 
Gardens, Hampstead, N.W, 

ALCANESI, Carlo, pianist and com- 
poser; 6. in Naples 22 Oct., 1858. 
Studied harmony and composition 
with Sabino Falconi and piano with 
Luigi Albanesi. After several recitals 
in Italy went to Paris in 1878 and gave 
recitals there ; came to London in 
1882 and gave recitals till 1893. 
Appointed professor of piano at 
R.A.M. in that year to fill the place 
left vacant by the death of Thomas 
Wingham. Made Hon. R.A.M. 20 
Tune, 1895, and member of the Phil- 
harmonic Society in 1896. Professor 
at the R.A.M., examiner of the piano- 
forte classes at R.A.M., R.C.M., Royal 
Academy of Music, Dublin. Chevalier 
Officer of the Crown of Italy. The list 
of compositions comprises besides a 
great number of piano pieces, a string 
quartet a 'trio for piano and strings 
and six piano sonatas, songs and 
MS. orchestral works. The list of 
pupils includes many distinguished 

artistes as well as T.R.H. the Crown 
Princess of Sweden and her sister, 
Princess Patricia of Connaught, the 
Duchess Marie of Saxe-Coburg and 
the Duchess Paul of Mecklenburgh. 
Address : 3 Gloucester Terrace, Hyde 
Park, W., and Bechstein Studios. 

ALBANI, Madame Emina (Marie 
Cecile Emma Lajeunesse), prima donna 
and concert vocalist ; b. of French- 
Canadian parents at Chambly, Mon- 
treal, 1 Nov., 1852. Her father was 
a professor of music and a skilled per- 
former on the organ, violin and harp. 
Her mother, Melina Mignault, was also 
very musical. Her general education 
commenced at the age of five at the 
Convent of the Sacre Creur at Sault- 
au-Recollet. Speaks English and 
French with equal fluency, and at the 
age of six read at sight all ordinary 
piano and vocal music, and commenced 
to learn the harp. Her mother dying 
when she was only seven years old, 
she continued her studies under her 
father. Her first appearance in^public 
was at Montreal when she was only 
eight years old, singing several songs 
and accompanying herself on. the 
piano in the grand air from " Robert 
le Diable." In 1864 the family re- 
moved to Albany, New York State, 
where she sang at the cathedral, 
attracting the attention of the bishop, 
who persuaded her to become the 
organist of the cathedral. She ac- 
cepted the offer, and also became 
teacher of piano and singing at the 
Convent of the Sacre Ca-ur at Kin- 
wood. For the next three years she 
strove to perfect herself in the various 
branches of her art, and as the result of 
her own savings, and a benefit concert 
organised with the assistance of the 
bishop, sufficient funds were provided 
to enable her to go to Paris, where she 
at once placed herself under the then 
famous tenor singer Duprez. After 
eight months she proceeded to Milan 
and studied Italian opera under the 
world-renowned LampertL This led 
to her engagement at the Opera House, 
Messina, where she made her first 
appearance on the stage as Anxina iu 
" La Sonnambula," 1871, scoring an 
immediate success. She afterwards 
sang at the Pagola, Florence, and at 




the Opera House at Valetta, Malta, 
where her previous success was con- 
firmed* After several months of further 
study with Lamperti, she came to 
England, and made her first appearance 
in London at Covent Garden on 2 April, 
1872, hi her favourite part of Amina. 
After winning additional laurels during 
the London season, she made a suc- 
cessful debut in Paris. It was in 1881 
Madame Albani first essayed the 
portrayal of Wagner's heroines in 
the then comparatively little-known 
operas " Lohengrin " (which was the 
first she sang in), " Tannhauser," 
" Flying Dutchman," " Meister- 
singer," and " Tristan." In 1882 
she undertook the soprano music in 
Gounod's " Redemption " at the Bir- 
mingham Festival to the great delight 
of the composer, who wrote another 
work expressly for her, " Mors et 
Vita," in which she first sang in 1885, 
also at Birmingham. Madame Albani 
has been the recipient of numerous 
orders, decorations, gifts and other 
marks of distinction from Royal per- 
sonages, and was an especial favourite 
of Queen Victoria, who had a very 
warm feeling of friendship as well 
as admiration for the distinguished 
singer. In 1878 she was married to 
Mr. Ernest Gye, who was at that time 
controlling the destinies of Italian 
opera at Covent Garden. Since then 
she has sung in all the principal cities 
of Europe with unfailing success. In 
1911 Madame Albani appeared at a 
farewell concert at Albert Hall and 
received a great ovation on her final 
appearance. For a full account of her 
great career, see her " Forty Years of 
Song," recently published. Address : 
61 Tregunter Road, S.W. 

ALBERT, B., vocal teacher, of 
French birth, but for many years 
resident in London and well known as 
a professor at the R.A.M. and G.S.M., 
from which he has now retired. 

ALCOCK, Walter Galpin, organist 
and composer, Mus. Doc. Dunelm, 
A.R.C.M. and F.R.C.O. ; b Eden- 
bridge, Kent, 29 Dec., 1861, Society of 
Arts Scholar at the National Training 
School for Music, where he studied 
under Sullivan, Stainer, J. F. Barnett, 

Eaton Faning, etc. ; organist at Parish 
Church, Twickenham, 1880, Quebec 
Chapel, 1887, Holy Trinity, Sloane 
Street, 1895 ; m. Jan., 1893, to Naomi 
Lucas, d. of the late Rev. C. H. Lucas, 
rector of Edith Western, Rutland ; has 
composed a quantity of choir and organ 
music, pianoforte pieces, and is Assist- 
ant organist of Westminster Abbey ; is 
organist and composer to His Majesty's 
Chapels Royal, and organ professor at 
the R.C.M. ; officiated as organist at 
the Coronation of their late and pre- 
sent Majesties at Westminster Abbey, 
composer of " Sanctus " at latter 
ceremony, and director of music at the 
Memorial Services in the Abbey to 
President McKinley, Lord Salisbury 
and the late Baroness Burdett-Coutts ; 
is M.V.O. (5th class). Recreations : 
Engineering and motoring. Club : 
Devonshire. A ddress : 11 The Crescent, 

ALDERSON, Albion Percy, organist, 
conductor and teacher of music ; b. 
Newcastle-on-Tyne, 1871 ; s. of the 
late Thomas Albion Alderson, organist 
at St. Andrew's Parish Church, New- 
castle-on-Tyne, 1867 to 1902 ; m., 
June, 1899, Winifred Bessell ; e. 
Newcastle Modern School under Dr. 
Ehrlich ; first prepared for the musical 
profession by his father and afterwards 
with Dr. Armes at Durham Cathedral ; 
from 1899 to 1903 was at the R.C.M. 
under Franklin Taylor, Sir Walter 
Parratt and Sir Hubert Parry ; ap- 
pointed in 1893 organist and choir- 
master of Parish Church, Kingston-on- 
Thames, where he also conducts a 
choral and a Madrigal Society ; gained 
A.R.C.M. 1903 ; degree of Mus.Bac. 
Dunelm, 1892 ; Mus. Doc. 1897 ; was 
the first Mus. Doc. of Durham by 
examination ; winner of Madrigal 
Society's medal and Molyneux Prize 
for five-part Madrigal " Love in 
Absence," 1906 ; Hon. Examiner for 
Scholarships, R.C.M., 1904 ; Examiner 
hi Music, Durham University, 1908-10. 
Address : " Warkworth," Knight's 
Park, Kingston-on-Thames. 

ALLEN, Perceval, soprano ; b. Rip- 
ley, Derbyshire; d. of Josiah Allen, 
Doctor of Medicine, and Alice Perceval ; 
educated at Cheltenham ; musical 



ig from Mr. William Shakes- 
Made her debut at a London 
nnonic concert in 1905, singing 
tfaria (Max Bruch) ; principal 
jments include Liverpool Phil- 
nic Concerts, 1903 and 1905; 
n Philharmonic Concerts, 1905-6 ; 
sh Triennial Festival, 1905 ; was 
aatative solo soprano at concerts 

in Paris by the Symphony 
>tra and Leeds Choir, 1906; 
si Festival, 1906. Since then 
s had important engagements at 
n, Norwich, Dublin, Liverpool 
elfast ; in 1908 was engaged by 
Dyal Opera Syndicate to sing in 
h version of " Nibelungen Ring " 
rent Garden ; Handel Festival, 

Address : 6 Nottingham Man- 
Sottingham Street, W. Telephone 
Pad. 4539. 

IAN, Samuel, composer ; b. in 
age near Odessa in 1878, of 
L parents ; at the age of fourteen 
ritten music, sung in synagogues 
isia ; began musical education at 
iessa Conservatoire, and passed 
.ussian Army in which he served 
years ; he narrowly escaped 
;re of Kishmeff , in 1904 fled to 
id ; studied composition under 
imilton Robinson at the G.S.M. ; 
iiploma of A.R.C.M., and has 
Ly produced " King Ahaz," the 
pera in the Yiddish language, at 
bw Jewish Theatre in the East 
laving written both libretto and 
with great success ; is also 
d in teaching and as choir- 
: at Dalston Synagogue. 

1ANZ, Fernand, stage manager ; 
Vance, and educated as a singer 
or music generally ; is best 
. as a stage manager in America 
: Royal Opera, Covent Garden. 

AREZ, Albert Raymond (Oouron), 

ic tenor ; b. at Bordeaux ; made 
mt at Lyons ; after completing 
idles in Paris he first appeared 
Grand Opera as Faust in 1892, 
ards assuming most of the lead- 
nor rdles ; was also for many 
a principal tenor at the Royal 
L Opera, Covent Garden, where 
lition to playing the traditional 

r6les he created parts in " Amy 
Robsart," " The Lady of Longford " 
and "La Navarraise." Address: S3 
Boulevard Berthier, Paris. 

AMES, John Carlowitz, composer, 
pianist and conductor ; b. S Jan., 
I860, Westbury-on-Trym, near Bristol ; 
his father was George Acland Ames, 
and his mother's maiden name Coun- 
tess Clara Poelzig ; e. at Charterhouse 
and Edinburgh University ; trained 
for music at Stuttgart Conservatoire 
by Pruckner (piano) Goebschius and 
Faisst (composition) ; afterwards 
studied at Dresden under Franz 
Wiillner ; debut at Steinway Hall in 
1881, playing his own composition; 
m. Frl. Sophie Herminie Johanna 
Hecht ; principal compositions in- 
clude a four-act opera, " The Last 
Inca " ; Incidental music to " Richard 
II," produced by Tree at His Majesty's 
Theatre ; Incidental music to " Bonnie 
Dundee," by L. Irving, produced at 
Adelphi Theatre, two piano concertos, 
130th Psalm for chorus, soli and 
orchestra, etc. Hobbies : Walking, 
mountain-climbing, fishing ; Member 
of I.S.M. Society of British Com- 
posers ; Director Philharmonic Society, 
Club : Three Arts. Address : The 
Hermitage, Windsor Terrace, Hamp- 
stead, London. 

AMSDEN, Elizabeth, operatic so- 
prano ; b. in America, studied in 
Paris and sang for some time as an 
amateur, but made highly successful 
dbut at Covent Garden, 1910. 

ANDERSEN, Karl Joachim, tlautist ; 
b. Copenhagen, 29 April, 1847, where 
he played in the Royal Band from 
1869 to 1877 ; proceeding to Berlin, 
he assisted in founding the Philhar- 
monic Orchestra there ; since 1893 has 
conducted the Palace Orchestra at 
Copenhagen ; has composed a large 
number of pieces for the flute, including 
a set of forty-eight studies and a 
concertstuck. Address : Copenhagen. 

ANDERSON, Kate, soprano; b. 
Bristol ; d. of Joseph Andres Ander- 
son, master mariner, and his wife 
Kate Bishop ; began her musical 
studies at the age of seven, as 




violinist ; won Bristol Scholarship for 
violin at R.C.M. at the age of sixteen ; 
studied singing with Albert Visetti ; 
first appeared in public as a violinist at 
Kingswood, in 1888 ; has sung for the 
Royal Choral Society, at the Royal 
Albert Hall, 1903-4; Leeds Philhar- 
monic, 1903-4 ; at the Norwich Orches- 
tral Concerts ; at leading concerts in 
Bristol, Birmingham and other large 
centres ; first appeared on the operatic 
stage when a student, at the R.C.M., 
as Beatrice in Stanford's " Much Ado 
about Nothing," 1901 ; her first pro- 
fessional appearance in 1904 as 
Michaela in " Carmen " with the 
Moody-Manners Company ; has since 
toured with that company all over 
England and during their season at 
the Lyric, playing Marguerite in 
" Faust," Mrs. Ford in " The Merry 
Wives," etc. ; engaged to create the 
part of Sarenna in Hermann Lohr's 
opera of that name, has lately (1912) 
played, for the Denhof tours, Eurydice 
in " Orpheus " and Eva (" Meister- 
singers "), has won several prizes, 
including the Musical Societies Prize, 
the Worshipful Society of Musicians' 
Silver Medal, also a bronze medal for 
violin playing. Address : 55 Ports- 
down Road, Maida Vale, W. 

ARBOS, E. Fernandez, violinist and 
conductor ; &. Madrid, 25 Dec., 1863, 
both his father and grandfather being 
military bandmasters ; entered Madrid 
Conservatoire under Monasterio, a 
famous violinist, and gained numerous 
first prizes ; his success secured him 
the patronage of Spanish royalties, 
who enabled him to enter the Brussels 
Conservatoire, where he studied the 
violin with Vieuxtemps and composi- 
tion with Gevaert ; leaving Brussels 
became Joachim's pupil for three 
years, and acted as leading violin of 
Berlin Philharmonic Society; toured 
the Continent, and after a short period 
as professor at the Hamburg Conserva- 
toire, returned to Madrid by the request 
of the Queen of Spain, and became 
principal professor of the violin in the 
Conservatoire of that city; in 1890 
came to London, after having acted 
as leading violin of the Glasgow 
Orchestra during the preceding season, 
and appeared at a series of concerts 

given by his countryman Senor Albeniz; 
subsequently played Bach's Double 
Concerto with Joachim at the St. 
James's Hall ; was selected as a Pro- 
fessor of the Violin at the R.C.M., a 
position he still holds ; has composed a 
large number of pieces for the violin, 
and a comic opera, " El Centre de la 
Tierra," first performed at Madrid in 
1895. He has also conducted the Lon- 
don Symphony Orchestra at Queen's 
Hall, Covent Garden, etc., as well as 
the Liverpool Philharmonic Society 
and the St. Petersburg and Moscow 
Philharmonic Concerts. Every year 
he spends three months in Spain, 
touring the principal cities with the 
Madrid Symphony Orchestra, of which 
he has been conductor the last ten 
years. Address : Royal College of 
Music, London, and 13 Clareville Grove, 
South Kensington, W. 

ARCHDEACON, Albert, baritone 
vocalist and theatre manager ; b. 
Liverpool, 27 June, 1870 ; s. of Law- 
rence Archdeacon, merchant, by his 
wife Mary Elizabeth Gwyer ; educated 
at Liverpool Institute and holder of 
Liverpool Scholarship at R.C.M. for 
four years ; first appeared at Drury 
Lane Theatre as principal baritone in 
Schumann's " Genoveva " ; played at 
Windsor Castle before Queen Victoria 
in Delibes' " Le Roi 1'a dit " ; toured 
through England with Madame Antoi- 
nette Sterling in 1899 ; managed his 
own opera company, touring Madeira 
and Canary Islands, 1900 ; through 
Canada with Madame Albani, 1903; 
South Africa, Albani Tour, 1904; 
England, ditto, 1904-5 ; England with 
Madame Melba, 1905 ; Canada, Albani, 
1906 ; appeared at the Royal Opera, 
Covent Garden, in " Die Meistersinger," 
1904. His favourite professional occu- 
pation is playing Wagnerian operatic 
rdles. Recreation : Photography. He 
stayed at Windsor Castle when taken 
ill during a performance of " Le Roi 
1'a dit," and had the honour of being 
presented to Queen Victoria, from 
whom he received a large signed 
engraving of herself ; has recently 
acted as manager for the Beecham 
Opera Company at His Majesty's 
Theatre and elsewhere, and in 1911 
as manager of Aldwych Theatre, ggj 




at Shaftesbury, 1897 ; was also en- 
gaged for baritone parts by George 
Edwardes at Daly's ; and by Dundas 
Slater, manager of the Alhambra, to 
sing Kipling and Sullivan's " Absent- 
Minded Beggar/' at the commence- 
ment of the South African War ; has 
since sung at most of the leading 
variety halls and in the provinces in 
musical comedy and pantomime ; 
author of " The Freebooter/' " The 
Swell Mobsman," and other popular 
songs. Address : c/o The Stage or Era. 

BRODSKY, Adolph, violinist; b. 
Taganrod, Russia, 21 Mar., 1851 ; as 
a child he displayed extraordinary 
musical gifts, and at the age of nine 
a rich resident of Odessa sent him to 
Vienna, where he was a pupil at the 
Conservatoxium ; he then became an 
orchestral player, and afterwards 
visited Moscow in 1873 ; and was 
appointed a professor at the Conserva- 
toire ; having conducted a series of 
symphony concerts at Kieff, he went 
on tour as a solo violinist, playing at 
the principal European centres ; he 
was next appointed professor at the 
Leipzig Conservatoire, and frequently 
played at the Gewandhaus Concerts ; 
in 1890 he visited the United States, 
and was leader of the Damrosch 
Symphony Society in New York ; he 
returned to England, and in 1895 was 
appointed leader of the Halle Orchestra 
in Manchester, and was temporary 
conductor after Sir Charles Hall6's 
death; is now principal of the Man- 
chester College of Music, and holds a 
leading position in musical matters in 
that city. In 1902 he was appointed 
hon. Mus.Doc. of the Victoria Uni- 
versity. Address : 3 Laurel Mount, 

BRONSART, Hans Yon, pianist and 
composer; b. Berlin, 11 Feb., 1830; 
e. Danzig and Berlin University ; was 
a pupil of Liszt, at Weimar; he be- 
came a well-known pianist on leading 
concert tours in Europe, and in 1860 
went to Leipzig, where he conducted 
the Euterpe Concerts; he succeeded 
Hans von Bulow as director of the 
Society of Friends of Music at Berlin, 
and in 1867 was made Intendant of the 
Court Theatre, Hanover; twenty 

years later he was appointed General 
Intendant at Weimar, retiring in 1895 
with the rank of Privy Councillor ; he 
has written numerous important works 
for the piano, including a concerto 
which was frequently played by Von 
Bulow, and other leading pianists, and 
which was played at the Crystal Palace 
in 1876 by Fritz Hartvigson. 

BROUGHTON, Jessie, contralto ; b. 
London, 1885 ; d. of Broughton Black ; 
was a pupil of Madame Oudin ; first 
engaged by George Edwardes to appear 
at Apollo, 1903 ; next appeared at 
Apollo in "Madame Sherry" and in 
" Veronique " ; sang solo in National 
Anthem at re-opening of Empire, 
and remained there as solo vocalist, 

BROZELj Philip, operatic baritone ; 
b. in England ; e. at R.A.M., and was 
immediately engaged by Sir Augustus 
Harris to sing Canip in Pagliacci at 
Covent Garden ; this he followed up 
by appearing in Don Giovanni with 
Mme. Patti ; was invited to sing at 
Buda-Pesth and at once engaged for 
three seasons in Wagnerian opera 
there. Engaged by Angelo Neumann 
for Prague and also sang Radames in 
" Aida " at Royal Opera, Berlin, and 
as Tristan at Hanover. Julius Hof- 
mann engaged him for Lohengrin at 
Cologne and he sang the part of Herod 
in " Salom " at Mainz, after studying 
it with Fritz Steinbach ; he repeated 
the part at Covent Garden in 1910 ; 
he also sang (at the Imperial Opera, 
Vienna), Lohengrin, Walther, Canio, 
Otello, etc., and was then engaged by 
Charles Manners for English opera. 

BRUCH, Max, composer ; b. Cologne, 
6 Jan., 1838, his mother being a well- 
known musician and admirable singer ; 
after early instruction from his mother, 
he studied theory at Bonn under 
Breidenstein ; he won the Mozart 
Scholarship at Frankfort-on-Maine in 
1852, and under Reinecke and Breuning 
at Cologne; his compositions com- 
menced to attract attention, and he 
wrote the music for " Loreley," the 
book of which was originally com- 
posed by Geibel for Mendelssohn ; this 
opera was successfully played at 




went to Leipzig in 1863 ; he studied 
at the Conservatoire from 1875 to 
1879, prior to that, taking piano 
lessons from Franz Heinig, and har- 
mony and composition lessons from 
Iwan Knorr ; later (1880-1) studied 
composition under Joachim Raff at 
Frankfort-on-Maine ; has published 
close upon 150 compositions ; coming 
to London in 1881, he has resided here 
ever since ; was appointed a professor 
of the pianoforte at the R.C.M. in 
1885, a position he relinquished in 1910 ; 
has given many concerts in London and 
elsewhere ; toured with Ben Davies 
and Tivadar de Nachez in 1894 ; his 
principal hobbies or recreations are 
writing letters to the press, visiting 
the tombs of famous personages, in 
connection with which he has been 
the indirect means of restoring many 
noteworthy resting-places ; listening 
to the debates in the House of Com- 
mons, playing billiards and whist ; Mr. 
Ashton is included in the Marquis de 
Ruvigny's Plantagenet Roll as a 
descendant of King Edward III. 
Address : 10 Holmdale Road, West 
Hampstead, N.W. 

ATKINS, Ivor, Hon. R.A.M., Mus. 
Bac., Oxon., F.R.C.O. ; b. Cardiff, 
29 Nov., 1869 ; s. of the late Frederick 
Atkins ; e. at Roath and privately ; 
appointed assistant organist at Here- 
ford Cathedral, 1890 ; organist and 
choirmaster Ludlow Collegiate Church, 
1893-7 ; organist and choirmaster Wor- 
cester Cathedral, 1897 ; conductor of 
the Three Choirs Festival at Worcester, 
1892, 1902, 1905 and 1908. His com- 
positions include the cantata " Hymn 
of Faith," the libretto to which was 
arranged by Sir Edward Elgar, and 
which was first performed at the Wor- 
cester Festival in 1905 ; he has also 
composed a number of anthems and 
part songs, and festival settings of the 
Evening Service for the Hereford and 
Gloucester Festivals, 1903-4. Address : 
College Yard, Worcester. 

ATKINSON, Lawrence, vocalist and 
teacher ; trained in London, Paris 
and Berlin for four and a half years, 
made his dbut as a singer in Manchester 
Oct., 1903; was selected in 1905 to 
sing Richard Strauss's songs when the 

composer came to Manchester to give 
a programme of his works ; the same 
year was injured in terrible Electric 
Railway accident, and has been 
compelled to discontinue public sing- 
ing, and devote himself to teaching ; 
takes his advanced pupils abroad 
each year to perfect themselves in the 
diction of French and German. 
Address : " Rookwood," Altrincham, 

AUEB, Leopold, violinist ; 6. 7 June, 
1845, at Veszbrem in Hungary ; e. at 
the Conservatoire in Vienna, 1857-8, 
under Dout, afterwards with Joachim 
in Hanover; started in public as 
leader in Dusseldorf ; went in 1866 to 
Hamburg and has been since 1868 a 
prominent teacher and solo-player at 
St. Petersburg, where he succeeded 
Wieniawski as professor at the Con- 
servatoire; he became solo-violinist 
to the Czar of Russia, a post which 
is in the Imperial service ; conducted 
the concerts of the Imperial Russian 
Society of Music 1887-92, and was 
created a Russian nobleman in 1895 
and state councillor in 1903 ; Grand 
Cross of St. Stanislas order in 1912; 
has been, with the exception of Sevcik, 
the master of more distinguished 
players than almost any prominent 
teacher of the day, amongst his best 
known pupils being Mischa Elman, 
Kathleen Parlow, Zimbalist and May 
Harrison. Address : Imperial Con- 
servatoire, St. Petersburg. 

AUGENER, Ltd., music publishers, 
founded in 1853 by George Augener ; 
in 1855 introduced first cheap type 
editions of classical music to England ; 
in 1871 started Monthly Musical 
Record; in 1896 amalgamated with 
Robert Cocks & Co., and is now 
a branch of the well-known firm of 
Schott & Co. Address : 63 Conduit 
Street, W. ; 16 Newgate Street, E.G. ; 
and 18 Great Marlborough Street, W. 

AULIN, Tor, violinist ; b. Stock- 
holm, 1856 ; leader of opera orchestra 
in that city since 1889, and of the 
Aulin Quartette, founded in 1887 ; he 
is also conductor of the Stockholm 
Philharmonic Society. Address : 




AUSTIN, Frederic, baritone vocalist ; 
b. London, 1872 ; e. in piano and com- 
position by his uncle, Dr. W. H. Hunt, 
at Birkenhead, and afterwards in 
singing by Mr. Charles Lunn of London ; 
Mus.Bac. Durham, 1894 ; sang at 
Gloucester Festival 1904, since then 
has appeared at the Birmingham, 
Sheffield, Bristol, Norwich, Worcester, 
Hereford and other Festivals, the 
Royal Philharmonic Society, as princi- 
pal baritone at the Royal Opera, 
Covent Garden, and in Mr. Beecham's 
opera seasons at His Majesty's and 
Covent Garden ; has also sung in 
Germany, Holland and Denmark ; is 
a composer, and has had orchestral 
works produced by Sir Henry Wood, 
Mr. Beecham and Mr. Balf our-Gardiner. 
Address : Edenhurst, Pinner. 

AILWARD, Florence, song writer ; 
b. Brede Rectory, East Sussex, 10 
March, 1862; d. of Rev. Augustus 
Aylward, Rector of Brede, and his wife 
Mary, eldest daughter of Thomas 
Frewen, of Brickwall, Sussex ; m. 
Harold A. Kinder, 1881 ; e. chiefly at 
home and at a school at Norwood ; 
learned the organ from Dr. Abram at 
St. Leonards, and the piano for one 
year under Theodore Trekell ; orches- 
tration under the late Henry Gadsby 
at the G.S.M. She has written songs 
ever since she was twelve years old, 
her first published song, " Day dawn " 
(1888), she sent to Messrs. Boosey, who 
offered her 5 5s. for it, and she has 

written for them or Chappell's ever 
since ; her most popular songs, though, 
in the composer's opinion, not neces- 
sarily the best, are " Beloved, it is 
Morn," "Love's Coronation," and 
" The Song of the Bow." Her recrea- 
tions are cycling, photography and 
church choir training. Address : 
Taunton, Coulsdon, Surrey. Tele- 
graphic address : " Kinder, "Coulsdon 
Road." Clubs : Lyceum, Society of 

AYNSTEY, Howard, conductor, 
composer and concert director ; b. 
London, 29 Mar., 1S64 ; s. of Thomas 
Oldham Williams, accountant ; 6. of 
Mme. Slapoffski (prima donna, grand 
opera) and Philip Williams (actor), 
nephew of late Henry Haigh and 
Mme. Haigh Dyer (grand opera 
singers) ; e. at Mercers' School, E.C.; 
trained privately for the musical pro- 
fession ; first appeared publicly as 
pianist, 1880 ; subsequently toured 
with various companies as musical 
director, and then organised string 
bands for public and private engage- 
ments ; appeared at concerts at 
Queen's Hall, St. James's Hall, Crystal 
Palace, etc. ; conductor of Anglo- 
Viennese and Rakorzy Blue Hungarian 
Bands ; concert and entertainment 
organiser. Has composed several 
popular songs. Address : Dudley 
House, Barton Street, Baron's Court, 
W. Telegraphic address : Aynstey, 


D ACKHAUS, Wilhelm, pianist ; b. 
i-> Leipzig, 26 Mar., 1884 ; e. at the 
Leipzig Conservatoire under Alois 
Reckendorf and under Eugen d' Albert, 
at Krankfort-on-Maine ; among the 
most brilliant pianists of the day, and 
famed all over Europe ; in 1905 was 
appointed principal Professor of the 
Piano at the R.C.M., Manchester. 
Agents: Schulz-Curtius and Powell, 
44 Regent Street, Piccadilly Circus, 

BAINTON, Edgar Leslie, composer, 
pianist and teacher ; 5. of Rev. George 

Bainton, Congregational minister, and 
his wife Mary ; c. at Coventry Gram- 
mar School and R.C.M., where he held 
an open scholarship for five years ; in. 
Ethel Eales, A.H.C.M., 1905; first 
appeared in public at the age of eight 
as solo pianist at Coventry Corn 
Exchange ; compositions include Sym- 
phony in B fiat, symphonic poem, 
" Pompilia," " Celtic Sketches " for 
orchestra, choral works, " The Blessed 
Damosel," " Sunset at Sea/' one-act 
opera, " The Crier by Night/' and a 
choral Symphony ; is conductor of 
Newcastle - on - Tyne Phil harznon ic 





Orchestra, and Harmonic Society, and 
principal of the Newcastle Conserva- 
toire of Music. Address : 22 St. Mary's 
Place, Newcastle-on-Tyne. 

BAKER, Dalton, baritone; b. at 
Merton, Surrey, 17 Oct., 1879 ; choir- 
boy All Saints, Margaret Street, 
1890-3; organist and choirmaster 
Guards' Chapel, 1894-6 ; organist and 
choirmaster St. Mary Magdalene, 
Munster Square, 1896-1903 ; won the 
Mence Smith Scholarship, R.A.M., 
1901 ; A.R.A.M. diploma, 1903 ; first 
appeared at St. James's Hall Ballad 
Concerts, 5 Feb., 1902 ; his principal 
engagements include ChappelTs Ballad 
Concerts, 1902-8 (over fifty concerts) ; 
Royal Choral Society, 1904 to 1909, 
and 1911-3 (including title-rdle in 
" Elijah " five times) ; also " Messiah," 
" Golden Legend," " Hiawatha " and 
Elgar's " The Kingdom " for the same 
society ; Gloucester Festival, 1904 ; 
Worcester Festival, 1905 ; Hereford 
Festival, 1906 (taking the parts of 
Peter, Christ and Judas at each respec- 
tively in Elgar's " Apostles ") ; created 
the baritone rdle in Granville Ban- 
tock's " Omar Khayyam," Birming- 
ham, 1906; Lincoln, 1906; Glou- 
cester, 1907 ; Sheffield, 1908 ; Bristol, 
1908 ("Elijah"); Norwich, 1908; 
Birmingham, 1909 (" Elijah ") ; Here- 
ford, 1909; Bristol, 1912; has also 
appeared with great success at London 
Choral Society, Broadwood, Crystal 
Palace and Queen's Hall Promenade 
Concerts ; Royal Amateur Orchestra 
and Strolling Players ; Belfast Phil- 
harmonic Society and all principal 
Choral Societies in the provinces ; 
commanded to sing at the State Con- 
cert, Windsor Castle, on the occasion 
of the visit of the King of Greece, 
18 Nov., 1905 ; Jansen tour, 1908 ; 
Has visited United States four times 
since 1908, including Cincinnati Festival 
that year, for which he was specially 
engaged from England. Address : 
Slindon, Beaconsfield. Agents .'Messrs. 
Ibbs and Tillett, 19 Hanover Square, 
W. Telephone : 3129 Mayfair. 

BAKER, George, bass-baritone, b. 
at Birkenhead ; first training by Mill- 
ward Hughes of Birkenhead, for organ 
and piano ; studied singing with John 

Acton at Manchester and London; in 
1908 won Scholarship at R.C.M. and 
studied with Garcia and Visetti ; 
played in four R.C.M. opera perform- 
ances, and has sung at Queen's Hall 
Promenades, Brighton Festival (1910 
and 1912), Crystal Palace, National 
Sunday League, etc., and in the pro- 
vinces. Is an A.R.C.M. Address : 
34 King Edward's Gardens, Acton 
Hill. Telephone : 677 Chiswick. 

BAKER, J. Percy, organist and 
author ; b. London, 4 Mar., 1859 ; 
e. privately ; commenced his musical 
education at the R.A.M., 1881 ; was 
organist and choirmaster at Tooting- 
Graveney Parish Church, 1891 ; is 
editor of Musical News and has 
published a number of musical works, 
including church music and " The Choir 
Boy's Handy Book " ; is joint author 
of ' ' Questions and Exercises for the Use 
of Students, and a Guide for Pianoforte 
Students " ; is Mus. Bac. of Durham 
and F.R.A.M. Address : 12 Longley 
Road, Tooting-Graveney, S.W. 

BAKLONOFF, George, operatic bari- 
tone; b. 1882 at St. Petersburg; 
showed early signs of musical ability 
but was e. for the law at St. Peters- 
burg University ; studied music as an 
amateur, taking piano lessons, learning 
to sing with a well-known Russian 
teacher, Professor Prianichnikoff ; 
after graduating joined a small opera 
company, but after one month's work 
was offered an appearance at the 
Imperial Opera, Moscow ; he has been 
there now for several seasons, having 
created various rdles, among them 
being Boris Godunoff in Mussorgski's 
opera, the tttle-rdle in Rachmaninoff's 
" Miserly Knight " and several others. 
Address : Imperial Opera, Moscow. 

BALFOUR, Henry Lucas, organist 
and conductor ; b. Battersea, London, 
28 Oct., 1859 ; 5. of the late James L. 
Balfour, stockbroker ; m. Miss K. H. 
Martin, 1887 ; was Skinner Company's 
Scholar at the National Training School 
of Music, 1876-82 ; studied under Sir 
Arthur Sullivan, Sir John Stainer, 
Pauer, Prout, Cowen and Eaton 
Faning; also at Leipzig ; was organist 
of the Mission of the Good Shepherd, 




Croydon, 1872 ; organist St. Saviour's, 
Croydon, 1879-1902 (with a year's 
break, 1883-4) ; conducted the Croy- 
don Philharmonic Society, 1885-1900 ; 
appointed organist to the Royal Choral 
Society, Albert Hall, 1895 ; organist 
and choirmaster Holy Trinity, Sloane 
Street, 1902, to present date; Professor 
of the organ at the Royal Normal 
College and the Academy of Music for 
the Blind, 1896; Conductor South 
London Musical Club ; conducted 
performances of Brahm's " Requiem " 
by the Royal Choral Society in 1905 ; 
gave organ recitals at the Inventions 
Exhibition, 1885, on the Willis organ, 
now in Canterbury Cathedral ; organ 
recitals at Liverpool Exhibition, 1886, 
on the organ now in Tewkesbury Abbey ; 
at the St. George's Hall, Liverpool ; St. 
Andrew's Hall, Glasgow ; Royal Albert 
Hall, also at Edinburgh, Manchester, 
Birmingham, Colston Hall, Bristol, etc. 
The musical services at St. Saviour's 
Croydon, were famous during his 
period of office as organist and choir- 
master ; he was assistant to the late 
Dr. Hopkins at the Temple Church, 
and is deputy conductor of the Royal 
Choral Society ; was appointed organist 
of the Royal Albert Hall Masonic Lodge 
at its foundation, and gave a series of 
recitals at the St. George's Hall on the 
death of Mr. W. T. Best. In 1904 a 
Fellowship of the Royal College of 
Organists was conferred on him by the 
council without examination ; gradu- 
ated Bachelor of Music at Durham, 
1906 ; is a member of the Philharmonic 
Society and of the R.A.M. Club, 
and I.S.M. Address : 13 Elmwood 
Road, Croydon. Telephone : Croydon 

B ALFOUR-GARDINER, H., composer; 
b. in London, 1877 ; his parents not 
especially musical, but fond of musical 
gatherings. Began to play piano at 
five years old, and to compose when 
nine years old. Learnt organ-playing 
from T. S. Guyer (of Bexhill) ; e. at 
Margate, Folkestone, and East Sheen, 
and then Charterhouse. Then one year 
at Frankfort (Hoch's Conservatorium) 
under Iwan Knorr, and piano from 
Uzielli. In 1895 went to New College, 
Oxford, where he took his degree. 
After leaving the University, he went 

back to Frankfort, and thence to 
Sondershausen ; was for a short time 
junior music-master at Winchester 
College, but now Kves principally in 
the country. Has given many concerts 
in London at which his brother- com- 
posers' works are generously included. 
Principal compositions include seven 
orchestral works (a suite in A major, an 
overture, a symphony, etc.), a quintet 
and a quartet for strings, and some 
songs and choral works. 

BANTOCK, Granville, composer ; b. 
London, 7 Aug., 1868 ; s. of Dr. 
George Granville Bantock, M.D., a 
well-known London physician ; was 
intended for the Indian* Civil Service 
and then for a scientific career, but 
was subsequently allowed to follow his 
bent, which was music ; commenced 
serious musical study in 1889, and in 
the same year he entered the Academy 
and gained the Macfarren Scholarship 
for Composition, of which he was the 
first holder ; leaving the Academy in 
1893 he founded and edited The New 
Quarterly Musical Review, and after- 
wards became conductor of one of 
the Gaiety Theatre touring com- 
panies, which he accompanied through 
the principal cities of America and 
Australia in 1894-5 ; he next went to 
Liverpool, and was Musical Director 
of the Tower, New Brighton, from 1896 
to 1900 ; he then accepted the posi- 
tion of Principal of the School of 
Music at Midland Institute, Birming- 
ham. In 1908 he succeeded Sir Ed. 
Elgar as Professor of Music at the 
University of Birmingham. His works 
are very numerous and several of the 
most important have been produced 
at the London, Leeds, Worcester, 
Hereford, Gloucester, Norwich, Cardiff 
and Birmingham Musical Festivals ; 
among his most important composi- 
tions are a dramatic cantata, " The 
Fire Worshippers " ; a lyrical drama 
in five acts, " Rameses II " ; Perish - 
tah's Fancies " ; " Thalaba the Des- 
troyer " ; " Fifine at the Fair " ; 
" Helena " (variations for orchestra) ; 
" Songs of the East " ; " The Witch of 
Atlas " ; " Sappho " ; " Ghazals of 
Hafiz " ; " Lalla Rookh " ; " Omar 
Khayyam," " The Time Spirit " ; 
overture to a Greek Tragedy ; " Dante 





and Beatrice " ; " Atalanta in Caly- 
don " (an unaccompanied choral sym- 
phony) ; " Sea-wanderers " and 
' Christ in the Wilderness " (1907) ; 
" Pierrot of the Minute " (1908) ; 
" Elektra " (1909) ; " Gethsemane " 
(1910) ; choral part songs, etc. Is m. 
to Helen, d. of Hermann von Schweitzer. 
His chief recreation is chess. Ad- 
dress : University or Midland Insti- 
tute, Birmingham. Club : National 

BARCLAY, Arthur, conductor and 

choirmaster ; b. in London, 1869 ; e. 
for music at G.S.M. under the late 
Thomas Wingham for composition 
and orchestration. A concert over- 
ture of Mr. Barclay's was performed 
by Sir A. Manns' orchestra at Crystal 
Palace in 1892 and a Symphony in 
C Minor in 1896 ; he has also composed 
several organ and pianoforte pieces 
(Messrs. Stainer and Bell, and Messrs. 
Goodwin and Tabb). Mr. Barclay was 
a professor at G.S.M. until 1911, and 
has been choirmaster of Brompton 
Oratory for many years. Address : 
Ridgmount, Peaslake, Surrey. 

BARNETT, John Francis, composer 
and pianist ; b. London, 16 Oct., 1837 ; 
5. of Joseph Alfred Barnett, a tenor 
vocalist, and nephew of John Barnett, 
the well-known composer. He re- 
ceived his earliest instruction on the 
piano from his mother ; in 1849 he 
was placed under Dr. Wylde, and in 
1850 he won a King's Scholarship at 
the Royal Academy of Music; he 
carefully prosecuted his studies of the 
piano, and appeared for the first time 
in public at a New Philharmonic 
Concert on 4 July, 1853, performing 
the D minor Concerto of Mendelssohn 
with great acceptance from both 
public and critics ; in 1858 he went to 
Leipzig and studied at the Conserva- 
torium under Hauptman, Rietz, 
Plaidy and Moscheles ; he played at 
a Gewandhaus Concert on 22 Mar., 
1860, selecting again the D minor 
Concerto of Mendelssohn ; he re- 
appeared at the New Philharmonic 
Concerts in London in 1860-1, playing 
Beethoven's Concerto in E flat, and 
was subsequently associated with Dr. 
Wylde as a teacher of the piano at the 

L.A.M. ; he appeared at the Phil- 
harmonic Society in 1861-2-3, and at 
other important concerts, and also 
became exceedingly well known as 
a composer ; among his most import- 
ant compositions are : symphony in A 
minor, 1864 ; " The Ancient Mariner," 
Birmingham, 1867 ; " Paradise and the 
Peri," Birmingham, 1870 ; " The Raising 
of Lazarus," oratorio, Hereford, 1876 ; 
" The Good Shepherd," Brighton, 
1876 ; " The Building of the Ship," 
Leeds, 1880; "The Wishing Bell," 
Norwich, 1893 ; symphonic overture, 
Philharmonic, 1868 ; overture, " A 
Winter's Tale," British Orchestral 
Society, 1873 ; symphonic poem, " The 
Harvest Festival, Norwich," 1881, and 
in revised form at Philharmonic Con- 
certs, 1888 ; also concerto for piano 
and other works for orchestra ; 
chamber music, pianoforte solos, songs, 
etc. ; he has written his ' ' Musical Recol- 
lections and Impressions, "published by 
Hodder and Stoughton; he is a 
Fellow of the R.A.M., a Professor of 
the R.C.M. and of the G.S.M., Member 
of the Philharmonic Society and of 
the Musical Association; he was 
m. first in 1875 to Alice Dora 
Booth, who died in 1882, and secondly 
to Mary Emily Tussaud in 1891. His 
recreation is sketching. Address : 56 
Acacia Road, St. John's Wood, N.W. 
Clubs : Clef Club, Birmingham, and 
R.A.M. Club. 

BARNETT, Emma, youngest sister 
of above ; b. in London and studied 
pianoforte with her brother. Made 
her debut at Saturday Concerts at 
Crystal Palace, and has since given 
periodical pianoforte recitals. Princi- 
pally occupied in teaching. Address : 
Priory House, 140 Alexandra Road, 

BARNS, Ethel, violinist and com- 
poser ; b. London ; m. Charles 
Phillips, the well-known baritone, 
1899 ; received her musical training 
at the R.A.M. under Sainton, Sauret, 
Prout and Westlake ; gained Potter 
Exhibition and Hine Gift and other 
awards, and was appointed a sub- 
professor at the Academy and A .R. A.M . ; 
first appeared in public as a solo 
violinist at the Crystal Palace Saturday 





Orchestral Concerts in 1899 ; since 
then has played at principal London 
and provincial orchestral and chamber 
concerts; established together with 
her husband, Mr. Chas. Phillips, the 
Barns-Phillips Chamber Concerts ; her 
compositions include Concerto for 
violin and orchestra, produced at 
Queen's Hall Promenade Concerts, 
1907, three Sonatas for violin and 
piano, two chamber Trios, numerous 
solos for violin, piano pieces and songs. 
Recreations : Tennis and motor- 
ing. Address: 75 Belsize Park 
Gardens. N.W. Telephone: 5853 

BABBINGTON, Rutland (George 
Rutland Fleet), vocalist and actor ; b. 
Penge, 15 Jan., 1853 ; s. of John 
George and Esther Faithful Fleet; 
nephew of Emily Faithful ; e. private 
tutor and Merchant Taylors' School ; 
from fourteen to twenty-one was 
engaged in City; first appeared in 
" Clancarty," under Henry Neville's 
management, at Olympic, 1873 ; joined 
Mrs. Howard Paul in her entertain- 
ment, 1875, remaining with her for 
four years ; became a member of 
D'Oyly Carte's Company at Opera 
Comique, creating part of Dr. Daly in 
" The Sorcerer," 1877 ; migrated with 
the company to the Savoy, where he 
sustained leading parts in " Pinafore," 
"The Pirates of Penzaiice," "Pa- 
tience," " lolanthe," " Princess Ida," 
"The Mikado," and "Ruddigore"; 
played in several revivals at the Savoy, 
until Oct., 1888, when he left D'Oyly 
Carte's Company to undertake manage- 
ment of St. James's Theatre, producing 
" The Dean's Daughter," and Gilbert's 
drama, " Brantinghame Hall " ; re- 
turned to Savoy and appeared as 
Giuseppe in " The Gondoliers," which 
ran from Dec., 1889, until June, 1891, 
and ended the memorable series of 
Gilbert and Sullivan operas, played in 
unbroken succession for twelve years ; 
appeared in "The Nautch Girl," by 
Solomon and Dance, 1892, playing the 
Rajah of Chutneypore ; joined George 
Edwardes at Daly's in 1896, appearing 
in " The Geisha," " The Greek Slave," 
" San Toy," " The Country Girl," and 
" The Cingalee " ; in 1905 played at 
the Coliseum in two short musical 

sketches, and in Aug. of the same year 
appeared at the Criterion in " The 
White Chrysanthemum " ; returned 
to Daly's for revival of " The Geisha," 
1906 ; created Pharaoh in " Amasis," 
at Wyndham's, the same year ; wrote 
version of Kingsley's " Water Babies/' 
produced at Garrick, 1902 ; also 
author of numerous short pieces and 
duologues, magazine articles and songs, 
and was at one time a regular con- 
tributor to Punch. Recreations : Golf 
and painting. Club : Raleigh. 

BARROW, de Vere, pianist and com- 
poser ; b. Sheerness, 30 Sept., 1873 ; 5. 
of Arthur Barrow, Captain in the 
Royal Navy, and his wife Harriott 
Barrow ; e. at Clifton College ; m. 
1889, Beatrice M. Bond, d. of late 
Lieut.-Col. E. Bond and Mrs. Bond, 
Torquay ; studied the piano with the 
late Chevalier Emil Bach; first 
appeared in public at the Princes' 
Hall, July, 1892, as solo pianist. His 
principal compositions include three 
Polish dances (Chappell & Co.) and 
songs, " The Stars are with the 
Voyager," "Love's Little Fire," 
and " If Ever " ; has played by 
command before the late Duke of 

BARRY, Charles Ainsley, composer 
and author ; b. London, 10 June, 1830 ; 
e. at Rugby and Trinity College, Cam- 
bridge; studied music at Cologne, 
Leipzig and Dresden ; has contributed 
a large number of musical articles to 
the press, also analyses and composi- 
tions for the Richter Concert and other 
programmes ; has published numerous 
songs and pianoforte pieces, and has 
also written a symphony. Secretary 
to the Liszt Scholarship Fund formed 
in 1886. Address : 20 Sydenham 
Hill, S.E. 

BARTH, Riehard, violinist; received 
instruction from Beck in Magdeburg, 
and later from Joachim ; was concert- 
meister first at Munster and subse- 
quently at Crefeld ; was afterwards 
appointed musical director at the 
University of Marburg, and in 1895 
conductor at the Philharmonic Society 
at Hamburg ; he appeared in London 
in 1896 with considerable success. 





Owing to an accident to his left hand 
when a youth, he played upon a violin 
altered in order that he may finger with 
the right hand and bow with the 
left. Address : Philharmonic Society, 

BARTON, Marmaduke, pianist and 
teacher ; b. Manchester, 29 Dec., 1865 ; 
s. of Rev. Samuel Saxon Barton ; won 
open scholarship (Pringle) at the 
opening of the R.C.M. in 1883 ; studied 
pianoforte with John Francis Barnett 
and composition with Sir Charles 
Stanford at that institution ; won 
Hopkinson Gold Medal for pianoforte 
playing in 1886 ; was chosen to appear 
as solo pianist in a concert given by 
the R.C.M. before Her Majesty Queen 
Victoria and her Jubilee guests at 
Windsor in the same year ; in 1888 
went to Germany on travelling scholar- 
ship from R.C.M. ; studied in Weimar 
with Stavenhagen, the favourite pupil 
of Liszt ; returned to England in 
Autumn of 1889 and was appointed 
professor of pianoforte at the R.C.M. ; 
first appearance at the Crystal Palace 
Saturday Concerts, conducted by Sir 
August Manns in Feb., 1891, when he 
played the Brahms Concerto in B flat 
major ; since then has given many 
recitals in London, and played with 
great success in most of the important 
provincial towns in England ; has 
toured on the Continent and in South 
Africa with great success, and is one 
of the best known pianists and teachers 
in London ; was appointed Professor 
of the Pianoforte at the G.S.M. in 
1910 ; is examiner to the Associated 
Board of the R.A.M. and R.C.M. ; 
has acted on several occasions as 
examiner to the Cape University, 
South Africa. Recreations : Golfing 
and cycling. Club : German Athen- 
seum. Address : 49 Barton Street, 
West Kensington. Telephone : 2752 

BASSI, Amedeo, operatic tenor; 
he made his first appearance at Covent 
Garden during an autumn season, in 
1906, as Pinkerton in "Butterfly," 
and singing in " Pagliacci," the titie- 
rdle in Gounod's " Faust," Rodolfo in 
" Bohe:me," and Mario Cavaradossi in 
" La Tosca " ; he has lately been 

engaged in Philadelphia and other 
parts of the U.S.A. 

BATES, Thorpe, baritone; b. 11 
Feb., 1883 ; was for four years a 
pupil at the G.S.M. under Mr. Edward 
Wharton, and has since studied at 
the R.A.M. under Dr. Lierhammer ; 
his principal engagements include 
Birmingham, Norwich, Sheffield, Here- 
ford and London Festivals, London, 
Queen's Hall Choral Society, Chappell 
Ballad Concerts, etc. Recreation : 
Gardening. Agent : Pedro J. Tillett, 
150 Finchley Road, N.W. Address : 
Fairfield, Walm Lane, Cricklewood. 
Telephone : 960 Willesden. 

BATH, Hubert, composer; b. 6 
Nov., 1883, at Barnstaple, Devon ; 5. 
of C. J. Bath (mother's maiden name, 
Howell) ; e. at his father's school, 
Barnstaple. Prepared for musical 
profession when 16 years old by 
Mrs. Leonard Sly of Salisbury and 
Dr. H. J. Edwards. Subsequently 
entered R.A.M., gaining Goring 
Thomas composition scholarship, and 
studied with Oscar Beringer (pianoforte), 
Reg. Steggall (organ) and F. Corder 
(composition). First public perform- 
ance as a composer (and tympanist) 
at R.A.M. students' concert, Queen's 
Hall. Has since composed Orchestral 
Variations, Queen's Hall (1905) ; Inci- 
dental Music " Hannele," His Majesty's 
Theatre (1908) ; " Wedding of Shon 
Maclean/' Leeds Festival (1910); 
"Legend of Nerbudda," " Look at the 
Clock," " Jackdaw of Rheims," " Two 
Sea Pictures," Queen's Hall Proms. 
(1909). Has written some 200 songs, 
numerous experiments in drama with 
spoken words to music, pianoforte 
pieces, and string quartet, piano trios, 
etc. Is a member of I.S.M., Associate of 
Phil. Society, an A.R.A.M., and mem- 
ber of Society of British Composers. 
Clitb : German Athenaeum. Address : 
North Walk, Barnstaple, N. Devon. 

BAX, Arnold, composer ; b. 8 Nov., 
1883, London; 5. of A. Ridley Bax 
and his wife (nee Charlotte Ellen Lea) 
and nephew of E. Belfort Bax, a well- 
known Socialist and philosophical 
writer; e. privately in London and 
for music at R.A.M., studying with 




Tobias Matthay (pianoforte) and 
F. Corder (composition) ; made his 
debut as composer Nov., 1903, at old 
St. James's Hall. First published 
work " A Celtic Song Cycle " (1905). 
Principal works since include sym- 
phonic poems " Into the Twilight " 
(1908), Festival overture and " In the 
Fairy Hills" (1909) " Christmas Eve on 
the Mountains " (1911). For chorus and 
orchestra "Fatherland" 1907, "En- 
chanted Summer " (1909). Other 
orchestral works include a Ballet in 2 
acts "King Kojata " (1911). Three 
orchestral pieces (1912) and chamber 
music, viz., 2 string quartets (1902, 
1903) string quintett (1908). Trio 
piano, violin, and viola (1906), violin 
Sonata, piano pieces and many songs. 
Since leaving R.A.M. has lived much 
in the West of Ireland. Is married 
to Miss Elsita Sobrino, daughter of 
Carlos Sobrino, well-known pianist. 
Recreations: Cricket and chess. Ad- 
dress : 10 Bushey Park Road, 
Rathgar, co. Dublin, and Glencolum- 
cille, co. Donegal. 

BEAUMONT, Henry, tenor; b. 
Yorkshire; studied singing under 
Joshua Marshall, a well-known teacher 
of singing in Huddersfield, and Luigi 
Caracciolo at Dublin ; first appeared 
at Huddersfield 1881, at a festival 
concert to celebrate the opening of the 
Town Hall, and shortly afterwards 
became principal tenor at Christ 
Church Cathedral, Dublin ; joined the 
Carl Rosa Company; sang in grand 
opera at Drury Lane, and subse- 
quently joined the Burns-Crotty Opera 
Company as principal tenor ; visited 
America for the first time with Mr. 
William Ludwig's concert party in 1888, 
and was so successful that he paid two 
subsequent visits to the United States ; 
one for the Worcester (Mass.) Festival; 
in 1900 he made a highly successful 
appearance at the Bristol Festival 
(re-opening of the Colston Hall), and 
in 1906 at the Hereford Festival and 
also at Harrogate, North Devon, 
King's Lynn and Kendal Festivals; 
and with the Carl Rosa and National 
Grand Opera Companies ; m. Miss 
Adelaide Mullen, a well-known singer, 
d. of the senior vicar-choral of St. 
Patrick and Christ Church Cathedrals, 

Dublin. Address : 
Avenue, W. 


11 Warwick 

BECKER, George, composer and 
writer on music ; b. Frankenthal, 24 
June, 1834 ; has contributed important 
articles to leading reviews, and has 
written some very erudite works on 

BECKER, Hugo, violoncellist ; b. 
13 Feb., 1864 ; s. of Jean Becker, an 
eminent violin player ; after instruc- 
tion from his father he studied under 
Grutzmacher, de Swert and Piatti ; 
first appeared at the Gewandhaus, 
Leipzig, in 1883 ; subsequently ap- 
pointed leading violoncellist of the 
opera in Frankfort, where he now 
resides ; he is famous all over Europe 
as a soloist and player of chamber 
music ; is the 'cellist of the Frankfort 
Quartette; has frequently played in 
London and the English provinces, 
and has been heard here in a trio 
including Ysaye and Busoni. A ddress : 
The Opera House, Frankfort. 

BEDFORD, Herbert, composer; b. 
London, 1867 ; received musical edu- 
cation at the G.S.M. ; his principal 
compositions include an unpublished 
opera, "Kit Marlowe," a symphony, 
" The Optimist," a Love Scene, Act II., 
Scene 2 from " Romeo and Juliet," 
produced at the Norwich Festival, 
Liverpool Philharmonic, etc. Noc- 
turne for contralto voice and orchestra, 
produced by London Philharmonic. 
Symphonic poem, " Sowing the Wind " ; 
Symphonic interlude, " Over the Hills 
and far away " ; orchestral suite, 
" Queen Mab " ; melody for strings, 
produced by New SymphonyOrchestra, 
a setting of Shelley's Ode to Music," 
and other songs, etc. Is by profession 
an artist specializing in miniatures ; m. 
Mme. Liza Lehmann, the composer. 
Address: 40 Warwick Avenue, 
Paddington, W. 

BEECH, H. H. A. (Mrs.), composer ; 
b. Henniker, New Hampshire, 5 Sept., 
1857 ; received her first musical in- 
struction from her mother, Mrs. 
Cheney ; made her first public appear- 
ance as a pianist at the age of seven ; 
her tebut was in 1883 at the Boston 





Music Hall, when she played Mos- 
cheles's Concerto in G minor ; she 
subsequently gave numerous recitals 
and played with leading orchestras in 
the United States ; her compositions 
include a symphony, played by the 
Boston Symphony Orchestra, piano- 
forte concerto played by the same 
orchestra in 1900 ; sonata for piano 
and violin ; a cantata, " The Minstrel 
and the King " ; " Festival Jubilate," 
played at the opening of the Chicago 
Exhibition in 1893 ; and numerous 
pianoforte pieces and songs. 

BEECHAM, Thomas, conductor and 
impresario ; b. nr. Liverpool 29 Apr., x 
1879 or 1880; s. of Sir Joseph 
Beecham ; e. at Rossall School, where 
he had lessons in composition from Dr. 
Sweeting, these and a few lessons from 
Dr. Varley Roberts at Oxford Univer- 
sity (which he quitted after a few 
months) are almost all he has had in 
the ordinary way of academic educa- 
tion. In 1899 Mr. Beecham founded 
an amateur orchestra at Huyton, nr. 
Liverpool, and at a concert given by 
his father he deputised for Dr. Richter, 
who was indisposed ; in 1902 he was 
engaged by Kelson Truman to conduct 
a touring opera company; he then 
studied composition for twelve months 
and composed three operas (unpub- 
lished) ; in 1905 he gave his first 
concert with Queen's Hall orchestra ; 
in 1906 he founded the New Symphony 
Orchestra with which, in 1909, he 
severed his connection ; he then 
started the Beecham Symphony 
Orchestra, and in 1910 he took Covent 
Garden Theatre and " presented " a 
fine series of old and new operas, in- 
cluding the much discussed "Elektra" 
of Richard Strauss ; this was followed 
by a season of light opera in the 
autumn of same year at His Majesty's 
Theatre and a second Covent Garden 
season. Mr. Beecham is now a member 
of the Royal Opera Syndicate and is 
frequently engaged as a conductor 
during the season. Address : 32 
Upper Hamilton Terrace, N.W. 

BEEL, Sigmund, violinist; b. 13 
Mar., 1863, in California, his parents 

1 The date is so given in Musical Times, Oct., 
1910, to which the reader is referred for fuller 

being Solomon Beel and his wife 
Caroline Beel (nee Meyer) ; e. privately 
at California University; trained for 
music at Royal Hochschule, Berlin, 
under Joachim and Csar Thomson; 
made his debut in 1872 at Academy 
of Music, Oakland, California; came 
to London in 1900 and appeared 
at Crystal Palace Saturday Concert 
under Manns, and has since played at 
Queen's Hall, St. James's, Bechstein, 
and Steinway Halls, and in the 
provinces ; has also toured in Germany, 
Holland, France, Italy and America; 
is unmarried, and a collector of old 
prints. Clubs : German Athenaeum, 
Bohemian and Family Clubs, San 
Francisco. Address : German 
Athenaeum, Stratford Place, London, 

BEHNKE, Kate Emil, composer and 
teacher of singing and speaking; d. 
of the late Emil Behnke. Miss Behnke 
was educated to carry on her father's 
work ; he himself trained her voice, 
and she accompanied for him at all his 
lessons while quite a child. Later she 
studied oratorio and English ballads 
with Sims Reeves, Italian singing with 
Signor Fiori, French singing with Mes- 
sieurs de Marney and Allin, German 
with Mr. Georg Henschel and leading 
professors at Fran Trf ort-pn-Maine, and 
harmony and composition under Dr. 
C. W. Pearce and Dr. Ralph Dunstan ; 
she also had a complete training for 
the stage, including elocution under 
Hermann Vezin, stage dancing under 
D'Auban, and fencing at Angelo's, 
besides which she has had consider- 
able stage experience. Miss Behnke 
took a leading part in Sir Hubert von 
Herkomer's celebrated Bushey plays, 
which resulted in Mr. Henry Arthur 
Jones offering her an important part 
in " Judah " ; in addition, she is well 
known as a composer, her songs having 
been sung throughout Great Britain, 
America and Canada by Madame 
Blauvelt, Madame Blanche Marches!, 
Madame Alice Esty, Miss Esther 
Palliser, and others. She was the first 
chairman of the Musical Advisory 
Board of the Lyceum Club, which has 
done such good work in obtaining a 
hearing for modern music, and that 
of women in particular. She has 





recently joined the staff of the Aca- 
demy of Dramatic Art as teacher of 
voice production. Address : 18 Earl's 
Court Square, S.W. Telephone : 2195 
Kensington. Clubs : Lyceum, Sesame, 
and Society of Authors. 

BEHREND, Arthur Henry, composer ; 
b. Danzig, 2 Oct., 1853 ; 5. of Louisa 
Balfe, e.d. of Michael Wm. Balfe, and 
Maximilian Behrend, a great Danzig 
merchant. Left Danzig at four years 
of age and came to England to his 
grandfather Balfe's house, and after- 
wards to a private school at Brighton ; 
at twelve went to preparatory school 
for Harrow, and thence to Haileybury, 
where in 1871 he played cricket for the 
First XI ; afterwards in business for 
one year ; then one and a half years at 
R.A.M. under Steggall, and finally 
three years at Leipzig under Reinecke 
(composition) and Richter (theory). 
When he returned to London, pub- 
lished his first song, a setting of Hood's 
" Song of the Shirt " ; then followed 
an output of over 200 songs, among 
them some that attained a huge popu- 
larity, such as "Daddy," "Auntie," 
and " The Gift." He has also com- 
posed four cantatas and six operas, the 
latter unpublished ; but of " Daddy " 
alone over 1 ,000,000 copies have been 
sold. Address : Savage Club, Adelphi 
Terrace, W.C. 

BELICZAY, Julius Yon, composer ; 
b. 10 Aug., 1835, at Komorn, Hungary ; 
was trained as an engineer, but adopted 
music as a profession, and studied 
under Hoffman and Krenn in Vienna ; 
after taking considerable part in the 
musical life of that city, he was 
appointed professor at the National 
Academy in Buda-Pesth ; he has been 
a prolific composer, chiefly of pieces for 
the orchestra, symphonies, string quar- 
tets, and also pianoforte pieces and 
songs ; he is the author of a manual 
of composition in the Hungarian 

BELL, W. H., composer ; b. 20 Aug., 
1873, St. Albans ; 5. of Mr. JosephBell ; 
e. St. Albans Grammar School, became 
chorister St. Albans Cathedral, and 
gained Goss Scholarship at R.A.M. in 
J889, and studied there for four years 

under Steggall (organ), Burnett (violin), 
Izard (pianoforte), and F. Corder (com- 
position). His first public appearance 
as a composer was the performance of 
"Prologue to Chaucer's Canterbury 
Tales " by the Saturday Orchestra at 
Crystal Palace in 1898. Other orches- 
tral works include " Three Chaucer 
Symphonic Poems" (1898-9), "Walt 
Whitman Symphony " (1900), "Song 
in the Morning " (1902), " Call of the 
Sea" (cantata) (1903), "Epithala- 
mium " (1904), " Ballad of Bird Bride " 
(1905), "Love Among the Ruins" 
(1906), St. Albans Pageant Music (1907), 
Symphony (1908), etc. He has recently 
(1912) been appointed Principal of the 
new South African College of Music in 
Capetown. Address : Capetown, South 

BELLAIGUE, Camille, musical critic; 
b. Paris, 24 May, 1858; studied 
music at the Conservatoire, winning 
first prize for the piano, 1878 ; has con- 
tributed articles on music to the Corre- 
spondent in 1884, and to the Revue des 
Deux Mondes ; his criticisms, which 
are of a very high order, have been 
collected and published. 

BELL-PORTER, Lilian, vocalist ; b. 
Worcester, 1874 ; e. privately ; m. 
William E. Bell-Porter, musical direc- 
tor ; debut Chichester, 1894, as concert 
vocalist ; has sung in many towns in 
Great Britain, and at Worcester and 
Hereford festivals ; made first appear- 
ance as actress with F. R. Benson at 
Memorial Theatre, Stratford-on-Avon, 
1902, as Page in " Richard II," singing 
three solos ; afterwards joined Moody- 
Manners Company, 1902, touring for 
two years; this was followed by an 
engagement with the Carl Rosa Com- 
pany, since which she has been princi- 
pally occupied in concert work in and 
around London. Recreations : Paint- 
ing, Irish crochet, riding, and tennis. 
Address: "Pendine," Oaklands Road, 
West Ealing. 

BELL-PORTER, W. E., musical 
director ; b. London, 1868 ; s. of Dr. 
William Edward Porter and his wife, 
Mary Davies ; e. Worcester Cathedral 
Grammar School, where he gained a 
choristership and a King's scholarship ; 




m. Lilian B. Staley, now professionally 
known as Lillian Bell-Porter; first 
appeared as organist at Corporation 
Organ Recital, Worcester, 1897 ; musi- 
cal director Shakespeare Memorial 
Theatre, 1898-1900; toured with 
Moody-Manners Opera Company, 1902- 
4 ; musical director at Empress Club, 
Dover Street, W., 1905. Recreations : 
Skating, cycling, fishing, billiards. 
Club : A. M. U., 9 Great Newport 
Street, W.C. Address : " Pendine," 
Oaklands Road, West Ealing. 

BENDALL, Wilfred, composer and 
accompanist ; b. London, 22 April, 
1850 ; e. Hampstead, and trained for 
the profession of music at Leipzig under 
Carl Reinecke, and by Charles Lucas 
and Edouard Silas in London. Mr. 
Bendall acted as secretary to the late 
Sir Arthur Sullivan during the last six 
years of his life, in which position his 
tact and knowledge as a man of busi- 
ness, so rarely combined in the person 
of a musician, were of the utmost value. 
Mr. Bendall has written much music of 
various kinds operettas, cantatas, 
songs, etc; several of these have 
enjoyed considerable popularity, his 
" Lovers' Knots," " Quid pro Quo," 
" The Gipsies," etc., being performed 
at the Opera Comique (now pulled 
down) and the Prince of Wales' 
theatres. Address : 77 Baker Street, 

BENGELL, Else, operatic contralto ; 
b. Halbronn, and studied at Frankfort 
Conservatoire ; has appeared in all 
principal German towns, and in Hol- 
land, Belgium, and Russia, in the 
minor Wagnerian rdles, the two 
Frickas, Third Rhinemaiden, etc. 

BENINOFIELD, Ethel, violoncellist ; 
b. Essex ; e. at home ; was a pupil at 
the G.S.M. for some years, and later 
studied under Signor Pezze. Her prin- 
cipal engagements include concerts at 
Queen's, Bechstein, and Steinway 
Halls, etc. ; has composed numerous 
songs, some of which have been pub- 
lished by Chappell & Co., Metzler, and 
Keith Prowse. Recreations : Riding, 
sculling, and punting. Address : 2 
Merton Road, South Hampstead, and 
all principal agents. 

BENNETT, George John, composer 
and organist; b. 5 May, 1863, at 
Andover ; e. at Winchester College 
Chorister's School ; entered the R. A.M. , 
having gained the Balfe Scholarship, 
and studied harmony and composition 
under G. A. Macfarren ; proceeded 
to Germany, remaining for three years 
at the Berlin High School of Music, 
and at the Munich School of Music, 
studying the piano, organ, and com- 
position ; in 1887 returned to London, 
and was elected F.R.A.M., and after- 
wards a professor of harmony and 
composition ; was organist of St. 
John's Church, Wilton Road, Pimlico, 
in 1890, and was appointed organist of 
Lincoln Cathedral in 1895, in which 
capacity he has conducted the Lincoln 
Musical Festivals ; conductor of the 
Lincoln Musical Society ; is F.R.C.O., 
and has acted as examiner for musical 
degrees at the Universities of Cam- 
bridge, Durham, London and Man- 
chester, the R.C.O., the Associated 
Board of R.A.M. and R.C.M. ; com- 
positions are numerous, and some have 
been performed at the Crystal Palace 
Concerts, the Philharmonic Society's 
Concerts, and the Lincoln Festival; 
they comprise overtures, orchestral 
pieces, church services, a Mass in B 
flat, piano pieces, songs and part songs. 
Address : North Place, Lincoln. 

BENNETTS, Vivian, tenor ; b. Corn- 
wall ; e. privately, and studied singing 
under Sims Reeves; has sung with 
much success at concerts of the Royal 
Choral Society at the Albert Hall, the 
Bristol Festival, 1905, St. James's Hall, 
Queen's Hall, Crystal Palace, and prin- 
cipal London and provincial concerts ; 
is assistant lay-vicar of Westminster 
Abbey and solo tenor at St. Andrew's, 
Wells Street. Address : The Poplars, 
Portmore Park Road, Weybridge. 

BENOIT, Camille, composer and 
author was a pupil of Cesar Franck ; 
his compositions include an overture, 
symphonic poem, " Merlin," a lyric 
drama, and other serious and impor- 
tant works ; is Conservator at the 
Louvre; his public works include 
" Souvenirs," (published in 1884), 
"Musicians, PoStes et Philosophes," 
and translations of works by Wagner 

2 (2141) 





and Beethoven. Address : The Louvre, 

BENSON, Lionel, distinguished 
amateur musician; for twenty-seven 
years conductor of the " Magpies' " 
Madrigal Society, now merged into the 
Elizabethan Madrigal Society (vide 
Appendix). He resigned the con- 
ductorship in 1911. Mr. Henschel 
succeeded him, but retired in 1912, 
and Mr. Benson resumed it for the 
season of 1913. Member of Council of 
R.C.M. Address: Whinfold, Hasle- 
mere, Godalming. 

BRAT, Mme. A, L., operatic con- 
tralto; b. Prance, and studied under 
Monsieur Tequi ; made her first appear- 
ance in a minor rdle at the Gaiete 
Lyrique, Paris ; and has appeared at 
all the leading opera houses of her 
native land, as well as the Royal Opera 
at Bucharest ; d6but at Covent Garden 
in 1909. 

BEBGER, Francesco, composer and 
teacher of pianoforte ; 6. London, 10 
June, 1834, of an Austrian father and a 
Bavarian mother ; received his earliest 
musical instruction in Munich and 
afterwards in London ; first appeared in 
public as a pianist at the age of eight ; 
went to Trieste (in 1848) to study 
operatic composition under Luigi Ricci 
and the pianoforte under Carl Lickl ; in 
conjunction with three other pupils of 
Ricci he composed an opera, " II Laz- 
zarone," produced with the greatest suc- 
cess in Trieste in 1851 ; wrote an opera 
and a Mass, the latter performed at the 
cathedral of San Giusto, Trieste ; on a 
visit to London was advised by Signor 
(afterwards Sir) Michael Costa to pro- 
secute his studies at Leipzig, which he 
accordingly did, having Moritz Haupt- 
mann and Plaidy for his professors, and 
being privileged to include Ignaz 
Moscheles and Ferdinand David among 
his friends ; at Leipzig studied har- 
mony, counterpoint, the piano, violin, 
and organ ; after some years returned 
to London and settled as a composer 
and professor of the pianoforte, and in 
the course of his professional work 
went on several tours throughout the 
length and breadth of Great Britain ; 
became well known as a composer, and 
in 1857 composed the Overture and 
incidental music to "The Frozen 

Deep," a play written by Wilkie Collins 
and acted by Charles Dickens and his 
amateur friends before her late Majesty 
Queen Victoria, the Prince Consort and 
Court ; is a professor of the pianoforte 
at the R.A.M., where the distinction of 
Hon. R.A.M. has been conferred upon 
him, and is also a professor at the 
G.S.M., where he has trained several 
pupils who have since distinguished 
themselves; until 1911 acted as hon. 
secretary to the Philharmonic Society, 
a position of immense responsibility 
he filled for twenty-seven years with 
great distinction ; his compositions 
have achieved much popularity ; his 
part-song " Night, lovely Night," is an 
established favourite with choral socie- 
ties, and among his many pianoforte 
successes " The Band Passes," " Tam- 
bourin," and a " Suite in G " may be 
especially mentioned ; while from his 
songs, "Broken Vows," written for Miss 
Dolby (afterwards Madame Sainton- 
Dolby), "Hans Sachs" (written for 
Santley), and " Geraldine " (written 
for Sims Reeves) may be cited; his 
pianoforte primer, " First Steps at the 
Piano," is a standard work ; has pub- 
lished over 100 piano pieces and about 
the same number of songs, as well as 
part-songs, duets, trios, etc. Has re- 
cently (1913) published a volume of 
Reminiscences. Address : 20 Muswell 
Hill, N. 

BEBINGEB, Oscar, composer, 
pianist, and teacher of the pianoforte 
at the R.A.M. ; 6. 1844 at Furtwanger, 
Baden, Germany ; s. of Joseph Berin- 
ger, schoolmaster, and his wife Agatha ; 
e. at Leipzig and Berlin ; m. Aimee 
Daniell, 1871 ; Mrs. Oscar Beringer 
being well known as the author of 
several successful plays, while his 
daughters Esm6 and Vera have 
achieved considerable success upon 
the stage ; first appeared as a pianist 
at the Crystal Palace, 1857 ; has fre- 
quently appeared at the Crystal Palace 
Saturday Concerts, Monday Popular 
and Philharmonic Concerts, his own 
recitals in St. James's Hall, and in the 
leading provincial towns ; is an 
eminent teacher of the piano, and 
several of his pupils have achieved 
fame ; as a composer he has also 
achieved * distinction. Address: 40 





Wigmore Street, W. Club : The Arts 
and German Athenaeum. 

BERTRAM), Jean, musical critic 
and author ; b. Vaugirard, near Paris, 
24 Dec., 1834 ; e. L'cole des Chartes, 
devoting himself largely to the study 
of the organ and ancient music ; has 
contributed a large number of articles 
to Les Debats, La Revue Moderne, Le 
Nord, Le Memestrel, and was a con- 
tributor to Didot's " Encyclopedia"; 
his published works include "Histoire 
Ecclsiastique de L'Orgue," "Les 
Origines de rHarmonie," "^ es 
Nationalit6s Musicales," "Etudiees 
dans le Drame Lyrique," etc. ; is also 
an eminent archaeologist. 

BESANT, Geoffrey, bass vocalist; 
b. London, 1879; 5. of the late Sir 
Walter Besant, F.S.A., the well-known 
author, and his wife Mary Garret Bar- 
ham ; is a descendant of the famous 
Dorothy Foster, heroine of Sir Walter 
Besant's novel of that name ; e. High- 
gate School, and Christ's College, Cam- 
bridge ; served in the late South 
African War, for which he received a 
medal with clasps; was afterwards 
occupied as journalist and critic ; 
studied singing under Sir George Power, 
Mr. Charles Philips, and M. Manoury 
in Paris ; first appeared at the Stein- 
way Hall at his own recital in Feb., 
1906, as a singer of lieder and chan- 
sons ; has since given several other 
recitals in London; his favourite 
occupation is teaching; has written 
very many articles for the magazines 
and two one-act plays. Recreation : 
Reading the works of Rostand, Anatole 
France, and all the leading French poets. 
Club : Oxford and Cambridge. 

BETJEMANN, Gilbert Henry, violin- 
ist and conductor ; b. 17 Nov., 1840 ; 
studied under Chas. Doyle as his 
apprentice from eleven years of age 
till twenty-one; in 1858 engaged by 
Costa as second violin at Royal Opera ; 
in 1859 played in orchestra of the 
Pyne & Harrison Co. at Covent Garden 
and in 1860 appointed repetiteur by 
Alfred Mellon, during which engage- 
ment he became acquainted with 
Balfe, Wallace, Macfarren, Benedict, 
and other celebrities ; when only nine- 
teen he directed pantomime orchestra 

at Covent Garden, and was later 
appointed leader of second violins and 
(by Mr. Gye) conductor of the ballet ; 
in Nov., 1884, was conductor at Her 
Majesty's during a short season of 
Italian Opera ; then became connected 
with the Carl Rosa Co., first as leader 
of 2nd violins, then as conductor and 
director of the mise-en-scene in which 
capacity he remained eight years ; in 
1886 succeeded Sir F. (then Dr.) Bridge 
as conductor of the Highbury Phil- 
harmonic Society ; for many years he 
was leader at Norwich Festival, and in 
1895 he was appointed leader of first 
violins at Covent Garden ; is an hon. 
R.A.M., Examiner to the Associated 
Board of R.A M. and R.C.M., and was 
conductor of Oxford Orchestral Society. 
Address: 14HillmartonRoad,Camden 
Road, N. Telephone : 2674 North. 

BEVAN, Frederick Charles, vocalist 
and song writer ; b. London, 3 July, 
1856; commenced his musical career 
as a chorister at All Saints', Margaret 
Street, in which choir he was one of 
the principal soloists; studied the 
organ under C. Willing and W. S. 
Hoyte ; was for a time a member of 
the choir of St. Martin's, Haverstock 
Hill, and St. Margaret Pattens, and of 
the Henry Leslie and Joseph Barnby 
choirs. After further instruction in 
singing from well-known masters, 
obtained the post of Gentleman of the 
Chapel Royal, Whitehall, and later 
received an appointment at the Chapel 
Royal, St. James's Palace. He sub- 
sequently became well known as a 
concert singer, and later as a com- 
poser of popular songs; among his 
best-known compositions are " The 
Sailor's Sweetheart," " The Flight of 
Ages," " The Mighty River," " Watch- 
ing and Waiting," etc. ; in 1906 he 
left England to take up an appointment 
in Australia. 

BINGHAM, Clifton, lyric and song 
writer and librettist ; b. Bristol, 1859 ; 
e. Bristol ; was connected with the pro- 
vincial Press until 1884, starting his 
career on the Cheltenham Examiner ; 
wrote his first lyric in 1881, since which 
he has written and had published con- 
siderably over 1,600 songs ; has also 
written several operettas and an opera, 





" Vivette " ; author of the lyrics in 
"The Lucky Star "and "The Coquette" 
at Prince of Wales's, 1899. Recreations : 
Music and reading. Address : c/o 
Leonard & Co,, 25 Great Marlborough 
Street, W. 

BINYON, Bertram, tenor ; 6. Island 
of Capri, Jan., 1874, of English and 
Italian parents ; e. at Colleggio Alfano, 
Naples and for music by Walter 
Austin in London and in Paris under 
Bouhy and Jean de Reszke, in Italy 
under Vergine. Started as an artist 
studying with Sir Hubert von Her- 
komer. First sang professionally on 
tour with Mrs. D'Oyly Carte in 1900, 
and then a concert tour with Madame 
Albani in 1904 through England and 
Ireland ; appeared in March, 1906, 
at Nouveau Theatre, with Ancona, 
Lily Lehmann and Ed. de Reszke, as 
Don Ottavio in " Don Giovanni." 
Has since sung duo from La Bohe'me 
with Mme. Melba, April, 1906, in 
Paris, and in Jean de Reszke's theatre 
in II Barbiere di Siviglia with Patti 
(her last appearance as Rosina) on 25 
May, 1907. In 1908 appeared at 
Russian Embassy before H.M. Queen 
Alexandra and the Empress of Russia, 
also privately before H.M. the Queen 
of Spain and H.M. King Manuel of 
Portugal (who accompanied him) and 
many other distinguished persons. 
Has appeared at Cpvent Garden 
Theatre each year since 1910 in 
" Louise/' " Thais " and " Mme. 
Butterfly." Unmarried. Recreations : 
Lawn tennis, rowing, swimming. Club : 
Savile. Telephone : 2159 Mayfair. 
Address : 45 Twyford Mansions, 
Marylebone Street, W. 

BIBB, Arthur, composer and pianist ; 
b. Cambridge, Mass., 23 July, 1856 ; in 
1875 went to Germany, studying theory 
and the piano at the Berlin High School 
of Music ; in 1877 returned to America 
and was appointed organist at the Kirk 
in Halifax, Nova Scotia ; returned to 
Berlin in 1881, and studied composition 
and orchestration with Urban, and also 
became a close personal Mend of the 
Abbe Liszt ; gave a concert in Berlin 
in 1886, which led to his recognition 
there as a musician of great ability and 
Originality; after a short visit to 

America, resumed his residence in 
Berlin, and has remained there ever 
since ; his compositions are numerous ; 
in 1901 won the Paderewski prize given 
for the encouragement of American 
composers, with a serenade for wind 
instruments ; has composed a sym- 
phony, a number of pieces for the 
orchestra, piano and violin, a comic 
opera {" Daphne "), and a ballet 
(" RubezahT f ). 

BIRD, Henry Richard, organist and 
accompanist ; 6. Walthamstow, 14 
Nov., 1842 ; s. of George Bird, organist 
of the Parish Church, Walthamstow ; 
when a little over eight years of age he 
acted as organist of St. John's Church, 
Walthamstow, and, with the assistance 
of the incumbent, studied music with 
Dr. Turle, at Westminster; came to 
London in 1859, and was organist suc- 
cessively at St. Mark's, Pentonville, 
Holy Trinity, Chelsea, and St. Gabriel's, 
Pimlico; also conducted the Chelsea 
Choral and Orchestral Society ; in 1872 
was appointed organist of St. Mary 
Abbott's, Kensington, a position which 
he still holds ; at Kensington also 
organised numerous classical concerts, 
which led to his being appointed accom- 
panist at the Popular Concerts in 1891 ; 
has been a member of the teaching staff 
of the R.C.M. since 1896. Address : 
6 Pembroke Road, Kensington. 
Telephone: 2540 Western. 

BISPHAM, David S., operatic vocal- 
ist ; 6. Philadelphia, 5 Jan., 1857 ; s. 
of William D. Bispham and Jane Lip- 
pincott Scull, both members of old 
English Quaker families who were asso- 
ciated with the early settlement of 
Philadelphia; e. Haverford College, 
Philadelphia; was for some time an 
amateur musician of distinction ; 
studied singing in Italy, came to Eng- 
land and made his debut on operatic 
stage in " The Ferry Girl," an operetta 
written by Lady Downshire and com- 
posed by Lady Arthur Hill, Savoy, 
13 May, 1890 ; was afterwards in the 
original cast of " Joan, or The Brigand 
of Bluegoria," 1890, and appeared, in 
1891, as Due de Longueville in " The 
Basoche," at Royal English Opera 
House (now the Palace Theatre of 
Varieties) ; appeared for many seasons 





at the Royal Opera, Covent Garden, 
and also with the Metropolitan Opera 
Co., New York, singing the principal 
rdles in grand opera in English, Italian, 
German, and French ; is also an admir- 
able reciter ; in December, 1906, he 
opened the Prince of Wales's with light 
opera (" The Vicar of Wakefield "), 
written by Laurence Housman, and 
composed by Liza Lehmann, appearing 
as the Vicar. Recreations : Swimming 
and cycling. Clubs : Bath, London ; 
University, Philadelphia; and Lotos, 
Century and Players', New York. 
Agent : Daniel Mayer, Hanover Square, 

BLACK, Andrew, baritone ; b. Glas- 
gow, 15 Jan., 1859 ; commenced his 
musical career as an organist in Glas- 
gow, but developing a fine baritone 
voice, he commenced the study of 
singing under Albert Randegger, after- 
wards proceeding to Milan, where he 
studied under Dominico Scafati ; he 
achieved his first great metropolitan 
success at one of the Crystal Palace 
Concerts in 1887, after which he 
advanced rapidly in his profession until 
he has become one of our foremost 
singers; first appearance at a pro- 
vincial festival was at Leeds in 1892 ; 
two years later sang the part of 
" Elijah " at Birmingham ; has sung 
at leading festivals and concerts all 
over the United Kingdom, and has 
also made a very successful tour of the 
Australian Colonies. Recreations : 
Drawing and painting. 

BLAHA, Josef, solo violinist and 
teacher; b. Bohemia; studied at 
Prague Conservatoire under Anton 
Bennewitz ; is a professor at R.A.M. 
Address : 14 Lullington Road, 
Anerley, S.E. 

BLAKISTON, Sydney, pianist and 
teacher, Hon. R.A.M., Assoc. Phil. Soc., 
Professor of the Pianoforte at the 
R.A.M., Examiner to Assoc. Board, 
R.A.M. and R.C.M. ; in 1907 conducted 
examinations for the Board throughout 
Canada and British Columbia ; adjudi- 
cator at Stratford Festival (1908), 
Central London Festival (1909), Bristol 
Eisteddfod (1909 and 1912) ; public 
appearances as solo pianist at August 

Manns' Crystal Palace Concerts, Queen's 
Hall Promenade Concerts, etc. Address : 
40 Wigmore Street, W. 

BLAMY, Teresa, soprano ; at an 
early age showed musical talent ; 
musical education from the late Dr. 
Wylde and the late Signer Raimo; 
gained several academy distinctions ; 
first professional appearance West- 
minster Town Hall ; joined Carl Rosa 
Co. and appeared as Michaela in " Car- 
men " ; has sung at most of principal 
oratorio and popular concerts in 
London and provinces. Address : 36 
Westwick Gardens, West Kensington, 
W., and usual agents. 

BLARANBRG 5 Paul Ivanovich ; b. 

Orenburg, 26 Sept., 1841 ; e. Alex- 
androvsky School, St. Petersburg; 
after serving under the Government 
and following the profession of journal- 
ist, he devoted himself to music, and 
has composed a number of operas, both 
serious and light, some of which have 
achieved high popularity in Russia ; 
has also composed numerous orchestral 
and vocal pieces and folk-songs ; his 
principal work is the grand opera, 
"Mary of Burgundy," founded on a 
play by Victor Hugo and first per- 
formed at Moscow in 1888. 

BLAUVELT, Lilian, operatic soprano ; 
b. Brooklyn, New York, being of Welsh 
and Dutch origin ; she displayed musi- 
cal ability at a very early age, making 
her dtbui as a violinist when only eight 
years old ; she continued her studies of 
the violin for another seven years, when 
she commenced to develop a fine 
soprano voice ; she then studied voice 
production with Bouhy of Paris, and 
at the expiration of three years made 
her debut at the Theatre de la Monnaie, 
Brussels, taking the leading soprano 
rdles in " Faust," " Romeo and Juliet," 
" Mireille," etc., and achieving dis- 
tinguished success ; she succumbed to 
overwork and left tie stage for a period 
of twelve months, after which she 
temporarily abandoned the stage for 
concert and oratorio singing, in which 
she has acquired a high reputation all 
over Europe ; her first appearance as a 
concert vocalist in this country was at 
a Queen's Hall Symphony Concert in 





1898 ; in 1903 she reappeared in opera 
at Covent Garden, as Marguerite in 
" Faust." She has the Order of St. 
Cecilia (of Rome). Address : 744 
Kenmore Place, Brooklyn, New York. 

BIIGH, Eldina, violinist ; b. Geneva ; 
d. of Major Frederic Cherburgh Bligh, 
of Brithas, co. Meath ; studied for 
the musical profession at the Brus- 
sels Conservatoire, and at the Berlin 
Hochschule, under Joachim ; first 
appeared in London at St. James's 
Hall ; has since played at most of the 
principal concerts in the United King- 
dom and also on the Continent ; she 
appeared by royal command before 
Queen Victoria in Dublin, shortly 
before Her Majesty's death. 

BODDINGTON, C. J. C., organist and 
pianist; e. privately and at Trinity 
College, London; first professional 
appearance in 1885 ; has been organist 
of St. Andrew's Church, Stoke Newing- 
ton, since he was fifteen ; is a member 
of I.S.M. and Assoc. of Phil. Soc., an 
A.R.C.O., and professor G.S.M., Hon. 
Local Examiner R.C.M., late professor 
of organ T.C.L. Address : 13 Spring 
Hill, Upper Clapton, N.E. 

BOITO, Arrigo, composer, librettist, 
and poet ; &. Padua, 24 Feb., 1842 ; e. 
Milan Conservatoire ; composed the 
opera " Mefistofele," 1868 ; wrote the 
librettos for Verdi of " Otello " and 
"Falstaff," also the books of " La 
Gioconda," " Amleto," " Ero e Le- 
andre," " Nero," etc. ; composed the 
music of the cantata " La Sorella 
d'ltalia." His publications include a 
book of verses published in 1877 ; " El 
Re Orso," an epic poem ; and the novel 
" L'Alfier Meno." He resides in Milan. 

BONCI, Signor, operatic tenor; 5. 
Casena, near Ravenna; his parents 
were poor artisans, the father being a 
combmaker ; he himself was appren- 
ticed to a bootmaker, but by lie aid 
of friends interested in his voice he 
entered the Conservatoire at Pesaro ; 
to attend for his lessons he was obliged 
to walk 18 miles a day ; first operatic 
dbut made as Fenton in Verdi's 
** FalstafE " ; since then he has played 

principal tenor rdles in most modern 
Italian operas. Has been created 
Cavaliere and Commendatore for his 
services to charity and art. 

BOND, Jessie, vocalist; 6. Liver- 
pool; d. of John Bond, pianoforte 
maker ; commenced her musical career 
as a pianist, first appearing in public 
at the age of eight ; entered the R.A.M., 
where she continued her study of the 
piano; developing a good contralto 
voice, she abandoned the piano and 
took to singing, studying under the late 
Manuel Garcia; became a popular 
singer at leading concerts, both in 
London and the provinces ; joining 
D'Oyly Carte's Company, at the Opera 
Comique, she made her first stage 
appearance in the small part of Hebe 
in " H.M.S. Pinafore " ; thereafter she 
was a prominent member of the Savoy 
Opera Company, and appeared in a 
succession of leading rdles in the 
Gilbert and Sullivan operas ; she has 
toured with D'Oyly Carte's Company, 
but her London appearances have been 
infrequent of late years. 

BOOKER, Betty, operatic soprano ; 
b. Virginia, U.S.A. ; when still very 
young, showed promise of a musical 
future, and later went to study in New 
York under Mdlle. Jeanne Faure; 
afterwards she proceeded to Paris for 
some lessons from Bouhy, and studied 
in London under Mr. Francis Harf ord ; 
in 1906 the late King and Queen com- 
manded her to Sandringham ; she 
made her opera debut at Covent Garden 
in Feb., 1910, playing Vrenchen in 
Delius's " Village Romeo and Juliet/ 1 
and has sung, besides other rdles, 
the Shepherd Boy in " Tannhauser " ; 
she took part of Nuri in " Tiefiand," 
without any rehearsals at all ; she has 
toured successfully in the States, and 
is now (1912) engaged for principal 
rdles at Covent Garden. Address : 
I. C. A., 524 Birkbeck Bank Chambers, 

BOOR, Frank, tenor vocalist and 
concert agent ; 6. Rio de Janeiro ; e. 
Dulwich College; m. Miss Constance 
Drever, the well-known soprano vocal- 
ist, 1905 ; was at one time engaged 





upon the Stock Exchange ; early in 
his professional career he was principal 
tenor with the D'Oyly Carte Company 
in America ; he also toured on the 
Continent with an English concert 
company ; in 1896 he appeared in the 
tenor rdle in " The Geisha/' but this 
was his final appearance on the stage, 
and for some time he devoted himself 
to concert work, appearing at the 
principal ballad and other concerts in 
London during the season, frequently 
in conjunction with Mr. Mervyn Dene, 
the baritone vocalist. For some years 
he was in partnership with Mr. George 
Ashton, of the Royal Agency, Bond 
Street, controlling the concert section 
of the firm, with which he severed his 
connection in 1906. 

BOOSEY, William, music publisher ; 
b. in 1864 at Hendon ; e. Charterhouse ; 
went to Messrs. Boosey in 1880 and to 
Messrs. Chappell in 1894 ; has been 
managing director of the latter firm 
ever since the company was formed. 
Address : 50 New Bond Street. 
Telephone : 3940 Mayfair. 

BORDES, Charles, composer; b. 
Vouvray-sur-Loire, 12 May, 1863; 
studied music under Cesar Franck ; 
appointed choirmaster at Nogent-sur- 
Marne in 1887, and in 1890 choirmaster 
at St. Gervais in Paris, his choir being 
one of the finest in that city; he 
formed an association for the study of 
old church music, which has given a 
large number of successful concerts ; 
has composed numerous orchestral 
pieces, choral works, chamber music, 
and a music drama, " Les Trois 
Vagues " ; his works include " Aiitho- 
logie des Maltres Religieux Primitifs," 
and " Archives de la Tradition Basque." 

BORLAND, John Ernest, organist, 
conductor, writer, and lecturer ; e. at 
R.C.M. and privately ; organist and 
choirmaster, Park Church, Highbury, 
1881-96 ; F.R.C.O., 1892 ; Mus. Bac., 
Queen's College (Oxon), 1897; St. 
Botolph's, Bishopsgate, 1888; Mus. 
Dir., Bermondsey Univ. Settlement, 
1891-1912 ; editor Musical News, 
1895-1902 ; inspector school music 
and Univ. Extension lecturer to 

London Univ., 1903 ; Mus.Doc., 1906, 
F.R.C.O. ; musical adviser, L.C.C., 
1908. Address: 81 Bromley Road, 
Catford, S.E. 

BORWELL, Montague, baritone, lec- 
turer, adjudicator and vocal teacher ; 
b. East Ville (Lines)., 2 Nov., 1866; 
5. of Robert Borwell and his wife 
Frances Sophia ; m. Miss Winifred 
Marwood, 1900; studied at the 
G.S.M. under Messrs. Walter Austin 
and Hermann Klein ; has appeared 
at concerts of the Royal Choral 
Society, Queen's Hall Promenade and 
Symphony Concerts, Crystal Palace, 
Alexandra Palace, Royal Orchestral 
Society's Concerts, Glasgow Choral 
Union, Belfast Philharmonic Society, 
and the Dublin Orpheus Society ; was 
for some years a member of the West- 
minster Abbey Choir; author of 
treatise " How to Sing." Principal 
baritone Lincoln's Inn Chapel. Address: 
124 Walm Lane, Cricklewood, N.W. 
Telephone : 415 Willesden. Telegraphic 
Address : " Soloist, London." Usual 

BORWICK, Leonard, pianist; b. 
Walthamstow, Essex, 26 Feb., 1868. 
His father (a pupil of Piatti's) was an 
enthusiastic amateur 'cellist and music 
lover ; he displayed marked musi- 
cal ability at an early age, and after 
studying under Henry R. Bird in 
London, went to Frankfort and entered 
the Hoch Conservatoire there in 1883, 
studying under Madame Schumann for 
six years ; first appeared in public at 
Frankfort in 1889, playing the piano 
part in Beethoven's E flat Concerto ; he 
made his appearance at the London 
Philharmonic Concerts in 1890, playing 
Schumann's Piano Concerto ; he has 
given his own recitals and played at 
leading concerts in London, aU over 
the United Kingdom, and in principal 
cities on the Continent. A ddress : Coke's 
House, Westburton, Pulborough. 

BOSSI, Mareo Enrico, composer and 
organist; b. Salo, near Brescia, 
25 April, 1861, his father being an 
organist ; studied from 1871-3 at the 
liceo Musicale, Bologna, and from 
1873-81 at the Conservatorium, Milan, 





with Ponchielli and Fumagalli ; was 
appointed organist and choirmaster at 
Como Cathedral, and subsequently 
professor of the organ and theory at 
the Naples Conservatoire of Music, and 
in 1896 a director of the Lic6o Bene- 
detto Marcello, Venice ; in 1902 he was 
appointed director of the Lic6o Musi- 
cale, Bologna; has written a large 
number of pieces for the organ, can- 
tatas, masses, symphonic poem, orches- 
tral overtures, violin sonatas, trios for 
piano and violin, etc. ; in fact, he is 
one of the most prominent musicians of 
the day ; among his most important 
works is a cantata, " II Paradiso Per- 
duto," first performed at Augsburg 
6 Dec., 1903, and at Hereford Festival, 
1906 ; is the author of a standard work 
on the organ, entitled " Metodo di 
Studio per 1'Organo Moderno." Ad- 
dress : Liceo Musicale, Bologna. 

BOUHY, Jacques, vocalist and 
teacher ; b. Pepinster, Belgium, 1848 ; 
e. at the Conservatoire, Lige, and 
afterwards at the Paris Conservatoire ; 
made his first appearance at the Paris 
Opera, in 1871, as Mephistopheles in 
"Faust"; in 1872 he created the 
name part in Massenet's opera, " Don 
Cesar de Bazan," at the Opera Com- 
ique ; he was also the first Escamillo 
in Bizet's " Carmen " ; after joining 
the Theatre Lyrique de la Gai6te, 
where he sang the leading rdles, he 
came to London in 1882, and appeared 
at Covent Garden as Mephistopheles ; 
in 1885 he went to New York, where 
he received the appointment of director 
of the Conservatorium ; returned to 
Paris in 1889, and appeared in Saint- 
Saens* " Samson et Dalila," at the 
Th6atre Eden ; after reappearing at 
the Grand Opera and paying another 
lengthy visit to America, he returned 
to Paris and settled as a teacher ; in 
this capacity he has acquired a high 
position, and many of his pupils have 
become very successful ; he is the 
composer of numerous songs. 

BOULDEBSON, Henry, tenor vocal- 
ist ; 6. Wargrave, Berks, 10 July, 1876 ; 
e. Radley and Keble College, Oxford ; 
studied voice production with Signer 
Moretti in Milan for two years ; his 
principal engagements include Madame 

Lilian Blauvelt's Autumn tour, 1904 ; 
Test Valley Musical Society ; Win- 
chester ("Golden Legend"), 1903; 
Cheltenham Philharmonic Society 
(Berlioz's " Faust "), 1905. 

BOURBON, Jules, operatic baritone ; 
b. France ; began his musical career as 
a violinist ; has sung at many Con- 
tinental opera houses, and frequently 
at Covent Garden, notably in Debussy's 
opera of " Pelleas and M61isande." 

BOURGEOIS, Jane, operatic vocalist ; 
b. Belgium ; musically educated at 
Brussels Conservatoire, where she 
gained several high distinctions, in- 
cluding a prize presented by H.M. the 
Queen of Belgium ; afterwards she 
studied in Paris under Mme. Rose 
Caron ; made her d&but at La Monnaie, 
in Brussels, in 1905, where she remained 
till 1909; she has also sung at the 
Hague and frequently at the Royal 
Opera, Covent Garden. 

BOWEN, York, composer and pianist ; 
6. Crouch Hill, London, 22 Feb., 1884 ; 
from the first was educated for musical 
profession; for two years at Blackheath 
Conservatoire under the late Alfred 
Izard ; won Erard Scholp. at R.A.M. ; 
then Sterndale Bennett Scholp. atfsame 
institution, of which, after five years' 
tuition under Matthay, Corder, and 
other teachers, he became a sub-profr. ; 
he also gained there numerous distinc- 
tions, including Musicians Co. medal, 
Chas. Lucas composition medal, and 
the W. Macfarren gold medal ; he has 
been made F.R.A.M. ; has achieved 
considerable distinction as a composer, 
a concerto of his having been performed 
by the Philharmonic Society three years 
ago, while three pianoforte concertos 
have all been performed at Queen's 
Hall ; has written a " Miniature 
Suite " and a " Second Suite," which 
are very well known, and a great deal 
of music for the viola. Mr. Bowen is 
married to Miss Sylvia Dalton, d, of 
the Rev. J. P. Dalton, Vicar of Creech, 
St. Michael, Taunton. Address : 78 
Anson Road, Cricklewood, N.W. 

BOWNESS, Bessie, contralto; b. 
Coniston, 23 June. 1884; d. Thomas 





Bowness and his wife Mary A. Maudall ; 
e. Seascale ; entered the R.C.M., where 
she studied under Randegger ; first 
appeared in public at the Blackpool 
Festival, 2 Oct., 1902, as a competitor 
for contralto solo, winning first prize ; 
has since appeared at the Chappell 
Ballad Concerts, Promenade Concerts, 
Queen's Hall Sunday Concerts, etc. ; 
won three first prizes at festivals before 
the age of eighteen ; also winner of the 
Council's Exhibition at the R.C.M., 
the London Musical Society's Prize, 
and the Free Open Scholarship. 
Recreations : Painting and fox- 
hunting. Address: 194 Blomfield 
Terrace, W. 

BOYCE, Ethel Mary, composer, 

fianist, and teacher; b. Chertsey, 
Oct., 1863 ; d. George Boyce, J.P. ; 
entered the R.A.M., where she studied 
the piano under Walter Macf arren and 
composition under F. W. Davenport ; 
secured several prizes and scholarships 
while at the Academy, including the 
Lady Goldsmid Scholarship (1885), the 
Potter Exhibition (1886), Sterndale 
Bennett Prize (1886), and Lucas Medal 
for composition (1889) ; has composed 
a number of cantatas, orchestral 
pieces for violin and piano, songs, etc., 
some of which have been published by 
Novello ; is an A.R.A.M. Address : 
The Orchard, Chertsey. 

BRADLEY, Orton, pianist and 
teacher ; his first master was Bernard 
Althaus, under whom he studied until 
he was thirteen ; at that age he went 
to Harrow, where he undertook a 
course of six years' study under the 
direction of the famous John Farmer ; 
as head boy at Harrow, in 1878, he 
gave his first pianoforte recital in the 
Speech Room ; during his four years' 
residence at Oxford he was organist of 
Hertford College; here he studied 
organ, harmony, and counterpoint 
with Sir Walter Parratt, and took his 
M.A. degree. Mr. Bradley has been 
musical director of the People's Palace, 
and of the Oratorio and Orchestral 
Concerts given by the National Sun- 
day League. For some years Mr. 
Bradley resided in America, where he 
held the Musical Professorship Chair 
at the Theological Seminary in New 

Brunswick, N.J. He is a member of 
the I.S.M. Address : Embankment 
Chambers, 19 Villiers Street, Strand. 
Telephone : 13018 Cent. Agents : 

BRAMSEN, Henry, 'cellist ; b. Copen- 
hagen, 3 Oct., 1875 ; 5. of Alfred 
Bramsen, physician and well-known 
scientific author, and his wife Wilhel- 
mine Hecht ; grand-nephew of His 
Excellency David Bramsen, Danish 
Secretary of Finance, and nephew of 
His Excellency Ludwig Bramsen, 
Danish Home Secretary ; received his 
principal musical education at Leipzig 
Conservatoire under Julius Klengel ; 
first appeared at Leipzig, 20 Nov., 1895 ; 
first appearance in England at Crystal 
Palace in the same year, playing 'cello 
concertos with orchestra ; has also 
played at important concerts and 
recitals in Berlin, Dresden, Vienna, 
St. Petersburg, Moscow, Paris ; toured 
England with Madame Albani and 
Madame Clara Butt ; has played at 
Copenhagen, Christiania, and Stock- 
holm every year since 1895, and has 
also toured in America and Canada ; 
has played before the late Kong Chris- 
tian of Denmark, who conferred on him 
a Court appointment ; the Dowager 
Empress of Russia, at St. Petersburg ; 
the late King Edward and Queen 
Alexandra, at Marlborough House, 
before their accession ; the late Duke 
of Saxe-Coburg ; King Oscar of Sweden 
who conferred the order of Wasa upon 
him ; and the late Duke of Cumber- 
land ; his father, who owns one of the 
finest private collections of paintings 
on the Continent, presented him with 
a superb Nicolaus Amati 'cello, for 
which Dr. Bramsen paid ^1,500 in 
Leipzig ; his sister is an excellent 
violinist, with whom he has given 
many concerts. Recreations : Riding, 
skating, and tennis, for which he holds 
many prizes as an amateur. Agents : 
N. Vert, 6 Cork Street, W. ; Concert 
direction : Herman Wolff, Berlin ; 
and George Wilson, Pittsburgh, U.S.A. 

BRANDES, Emma, pianist; b. 
Schwerin, 20 Jan., 1854 ; received her 
early musical instruction from Aloys 
Schmitt and Goltermann ; made her 
first appearance at Schwerin, in 1866, 





playing Mendelssohn's G Minor Con- 
certo ; in 1871 she came to England 
and played at the Monday and Satur- 
day Popular Concerts, the Philhar- 
monic, and the Crystal Palace Con- 
certs, achieving everywhere remark- 
able success ; she afterwards returned 
to Germany and became a leading 
pianist in that country and Austria ; 
but on her marriage with Herr Engel- 
mann, professor of physiology at 
Utrecht, she retired from the platform. 

BRANDON, Ada, harpist ; 6. Green- 
street, near Sittingbourne, Kent, her 
parents being connected with the well- 
known theatrical family of Greet ; e. 
Trinity College of Music ; has appeared 
at St. James's Hall. Address : 7 Col- 
ville House, Bayswater. Agent: 
Howard Aynstey. 

BRANDT, Marianne (nee Bischof), 
vocalist; b. Vienna, 12 Sept., 1842; 
was taught singing by Frau Marchner 
and Madame Viardot; in 1867 she 
made her debut at Gratz as Rachel in 
" La Juive " ; she afterwards sang at 
Hamburg and Berlin with much suc- 
cess; in 1872 she appeared at the 
Royal Italian Opera, Covent Garden, 
in " Fidelio," and in 1882 at Drury 
Lane in the first production in Eng- 
land of " Tristan und Isolde " ; in the 
same year she appeared at Bayreuth 
in " Parsifal " ; in 1886 she went to 
America, and was for some years a 
member of the German Opera Company 
in New York ; in 1890 she settled in 
Vienna as a teacher. 

BRANSCOMBE, Edward, tenor vocal- 
st ; 6. London ; studied for the musi- 
cal profession at the G.S.M. and at the 
R.C.M., having for one of his teachers 
the late Sims Reeves ; was choirmaster 
and assistant organist of St. Paul's, 
West Brixton, and founder of the 
Brixton Orpheus Glee Club ; became 
principal tenor of St. Andrew's, Well 
Street, in 1887 ; and Lay Vicar, West- 
minster Abbey, 1890; has been for 
some years a popular singer in leading 
London concerts and the provinces, 
but now resides in Australia. Address : 
235 Flinders Lane, Melbourne. 

BREMA, Marie, operatic and concert 
vocalist ; 6. Liverpool, of German and 

American parentage ; she devoted her- 
self to the study of singing, and made 
her debut at the Popular Concerts in 
1891 after studying for three months 
with Georg Henschel, Mme. Bessie Cox, 
a professor at the G.S.M. and Alfred 
Blume, she made her stage dbut in the 
part of Adrienne Lecouvreur at Oxford 
in which she made a great success ; 
in 1891 she first appeared on the 
operatic stage at the Shaftesbury 
Theatre, under the auspices of Signer 
Lago, as Lola in " Cavalleria Rusti- 
cana." During the season she under- 
took the title-fdte of Gluck's masterpiece 
" Orfeo," and the result more than 
justified her ambition ; she was 
then engaged to sing at Covent Garden 
in the Royal Italian Opera in 1892, re- 
placing Madame Deschamps-Jehin at 
a moment's notice as Guinevere in 
Bemberg's opera, " Elaine," under 
Grau's management, when she also 
sang the part of Brunnhilde to the 
Wotan of Van Rooy. In New York she 
sang with the de Reszkes in " The 
Ring," Tristan and Lohengrin at the 
Metropolitan Opera House under Mottl, 
Seidel, and other great conductors. 
She was the first English singer invited 
by Frau Wagner to sing at Bayreuth. 
As Dalilah in Saint-Saens' opera, 
" Samson," and as Orph6e she made 
a great sensation in Brussels, and in 
Paris was the first to sing Brunnhilde 
in German under Richter. In 191 1 she 
produced " Orpheus " at the Savoy 
Theatre with great success. In March, 
1912, she toured with Denhof in the 
provinces, and also took part in " The 
Ring " at the Wagner Festival in 
Brussels. She has also appeared at 
the "Birmingham, Leeds, and other 
musical festivals, as well as leading 
London concerts. Her daughter, Mss 
Tita Brand, is a well-known actress. 
Address : 17 Launceston Place, Ken- 
sington, W. Telephone : 57 Western. 
Telegraphic Address : " Smorzato, 

BRERETON, W. H., bass ; 6. Bed- 
ford; s. of the late Rev. Canon 
Brereton, rector of St. Mary's Bed- 
ford ; e. at Bedford ; m* Sarah 
Ambler, a well-known soprano vocalist, 
1884; was prepared for the musical 
profession at the R.A.M., studying 





singing under the late Manuel Garcia 
from 1877-81 ; went to Milan and 
studied with Ronconi, 1881 ; and 
afterwards with J. B. Welch and 
Randegger ; first appeared at the 
Crystal Palace Saturday Concerts in 
1882 ; has since sung at the Handel 
Festival, Birmingham Festival, Leeds 
Festival, Gloucester, Worcester, and 
Hereford all between 1883 and 1894 ; 
has also taken part in Albert Hall 
Oratorio Concerts, Monday and Satur- 
day Popular Concerts, and all the 
principal London and provincial 
concerts ; joined the " Westminster 
Singers " male quartette in 1894 ; ap- 
pointed in 1887 a gentleman of H.M. 
Chapels Royal having formerly for 
a short time sung at the Foundling 
Hospital Choir, where his wife was 
leading soprano, and as an assistant 
vicar choral at St. Paul's Cathedral; 
his favourite professional occupation is 
part singing; is a member of the 
Philharmonic Society and the Royal 
Society of Musicians. Address : 24 
Nottingham Place, W. Telephone : 
3362 Pad. 

BBETON, Tomas, composer; b. 
Salamanca, 1846 ; he is the composer 
of a number of operettas, known in 
Spain by the name of Zarzuelas, which 
are extremely popular wherever they 
have been produced ; he has also writ- 
ten a quantity of chamber music and 
an oratorio. His compositions include 
" Les Amantes de Ternel " and " La 
Dolores," both of which are played 
nearly every season in Madrid and the 
principal cities of Spain, and are excel- 
lent examples of tne modern Spanish 

BR YAL, Lucienne, operatic soprano ; 
b. in Switzerland ; obtained a second 
prize for singing and a first prize for 
opera at the Paris Conservatoire in 
1890; made her debut at the Grand 
Opera, Paris, in 1892, in the part of 
Selika in " L'Africaine " ; after suc- 
cessfully appearing in the leading rdles 
of the repertoire ; created Brunnhilde in 
the Paris production of Wagner's " Die 
Walkure" (1893), and subsequently 
sang the part of Eva in " Die Meister- 
singer " ; has also appeared in 
" L'Etranger " d'Indy) ; "Armide" 

(Gluck) ; " Hippolyte " (Rameau) ; 
" Bacchus " (Massenet) ; " Iphigenie 
en Aulide " (Gluck) ; " Fils de 
1'Etoile " (Erlanger) ; and " Sieg- 
fried " and " Gotterdammerung " 
(Wagner) ; and " Salome " (Mariotte) ; 
both at the Metropolitan Opera House, 
New York, and Covent Garden, this 
brilliant French artiste has met with 
considerable success. Address : 6 Rue 
Murillo, Paris. 

BRfiVILLE, Pierre Onfroy De, com- 
poser ; b. Bar-le-Duc, 1861 ; entered 
the Paris Conservatoire, studying under 
Dubois and Cesar Franck, whose un- 
finished opera, " Ghiselle," he assisted 
in completing on the composer's death ; 
his compositions include a quantity of 
church music and pieces for the organ, 
overtures to Maeterlinck's " Princesse 
Maleine " and " Les Sept Princesses," 
which have been performed by the 
Societ6 Nationale de Paris ; is among 
the best known of modern French 

BREWER, Alfred Herbert, com- 
poser, conductor, and organist; b. 
Gloucester, 21 June, 1865, where he 
held a choristership in the cathedral, 
being a pupil of Dr. Harford Lloyd ; e. 
at the Cathedral School and Exeter 
College, Oxford; organist of St. 
Catherine's and St. Mary-de-Crypt, 
both in Gloucester (1881), St. Giles's, 
Oxford (1882), and St. Michael's, 
Coventry (1886-92) ; organ scholar of 
Exeter College from 1883-85, and for 
a brief period organist of Bristol 
Cathedral ; in 1883 he gained the first 
organ scholarship at the R.C.M., where 
he studied under Sir Walter Parratt and 
other masters ; was organist and music 
master of Tonbridge School from 1892- 
97, when he was appointed organist 
and master of the choristers at Glou- 
cester Cathedral, a position which he 
still holds ; he obtained the F.R.C.O. 
in 1897, and was created Mus.Bac. 
(Dublin) in the same year, and the 
degree of Mus.Doc. was conferred 
upon him by the Archbishop of Canter- 
bury, honoris causd, in 1905 ; he 
received the Hon. R.A.M. distinction 
in 1906; conductor of the Three 
Choirs Festivals held at Gloucester in 
1898, 1901, 1904, 1907 and 1910, and 




is conductor of the Gloucestershire 
Orchestral Society, the Gloucester 
Choral Society, and the Gloucester 
Orpheus Society, which are all ex- 
tremely flourishing ; his compositions 
include a setting of "Psalm 98," 
" Dedication Ode,' 7 " The Holy Inno- 
cents," " A Song of Eden," and 
" Emmaus " (sacred cantatas), " Eng- 
land, my England," for Baritone solo 
and orchestra, " Summer Sports," 
suite for chorus and orchestra, " Love's 
Philosophy " (male voices), " Eliza- 
bethan Pastorals " (sung at the Here- 
ford Festival, 1906, by Mr. John 
Coates), all of which have been per- 
formed at the Three Choirs Festivals ; 
" In Springtime " (English pastorals), 
Leeds (1907) ; " Sir Patrick Spens," 
Cardiff (1907) ; " Age and Youth " 
(two orchestral pieces) ; Promenade 
Concerts, Queen's Hall; he has also 
written several services, including 
" Evening Service in C," produced at 
the Gloucester Festival (1895), organ 
pieces, part songs, anthems, songs, 
pieces for violin and piano, and an 
operetta, " Rosamund." Address : 
7 Palace Yard, Gloucester. 

BRIDGE, Frank, composer and 
conductor ; b. 26 Feb., 1879, at Brigh- 
ton ; 5. of William Henry Bridge and 
his wife nie Eliz. Warbrick. Prepared 
for musical profession at R.C.M. by 
Sir Charles V. Stanford (composition). 
Has written a good deal of chamber 
and orchestral music, including string 
quartet and sextet, for piano and 
strings, a Trio, quartet and quintet, 
quartet in E minor gained mention 
d'honneur Bologna, 1906. Orchestral 
works include " Isabella," Queen's 
Hall Proms. (1907) and London Sym- 
phony Concert (1911). "Dance 
Rhapsody " Musical League Festival, 
Liverpool, (1909) ; Suite, " The Sea/' 
Queen's Hall Proms. (1912). Con- 
ductor of Mme. Marie Brema's opera 
seasons at Savoy Theatre 1910-11. 
Is married to Miss Ethel Elmore 
Sinclair of Melbourne. Address : 23 
Foster Road, Chiswick, W. Telephone : 

BRIDGE, Sir John Frederick, organ- 
ist, composer, and conductor ; b. Old- 
bury, near Birmingham, Worcester- 
shire, 5 Dec., 1844. His father, John 



Bridge, was not at that time connected 
with the famous old cathedral of 
Rochester that is now so intimately 
associated with his name. Six years 
later, in 1850, he became vicar-choral, 
and his son, not yet out of the nursery i 
became a probationary chorister under 
Dr. John L. Hopkins, cousin of the 
more famous " E. J." It is a remark- 
able fact that among his fellow- 
choristers were no less than four other 
future cathedral organists : Armes of 
Durham, Crow of Ripon, Wood of 
Exeter, and his own brother Joseph of 
Chester, and now professor of Music at 
Durham University. A no less notable 
name was that of Joseph Maas, by 
whose premature death the world of 
music suffered a severe loss. The first 
notable event in his life, or nearly so, 
was his singing at the opening of the 
Crystal Palace, when Costa conducted 
the National Anthem in the presence 
of Queen Victoria and the little boy 
who was in time to be King Edward VII. 
While still living at Rochester, young 
Bridge accepted his first organ appoint- 
ment, viz., at Shorne, a village 5 miles 
off. A year later he rose another step, 
and became organist of Strood parish 
church, and there he remained three 
years, until he became, in 1865, organist 
of Holy Trinity, Windsor ; while here 
he took some further lessons from Sir 
John Goss, and in 1868 he took his 
Bachelor degree at Oxford, having 
previously taken his Fellowship (one 
of the first so taken) by examination of 
a newly-formed body, entitled The 
College of Organists, for it had not 
then attained the dignity of a Royal 
Charter. At last, in 1869, he achieved 
his early ambition, and became organist 
of Manchester Cathedral, where he 
remained for six years, during which 
period he became Doctor of Music and 
Professor of Harmony at Owens Col- 
lege ; six years later the road lay open 
to what may fairly be called the blue 
ribbon of English cathedral organist- 
ships. In August, 1875, he was appoint- 
ed permanent deputy-organist of West- 
minster Abbey, under James Turle, 
and, seven years later, upon Turle's 
death, he became, at thirty-seven 
years of age, organist and master of 
the choristers of England's principal 
abbey. His energies, however, were 




not limited to the services of the 
Church, for he had accepted in 1878 
the conductorship of the Highbury 
Philharmonic Society, as well as the 
Western Madrigal Society ; he is also 
conductor of perhaps the most vener- 
able of all such bodies, the Madrigal 
Society ; he has been Examiner for 
the R.C.O., the Universities of Oxford, 
Cambridge, London, and Durham, and 
was in 1890 appointed Gresham Pro- 
fessor of Music. In 1896 he accepted 
the conductorship of the Royal Choral 
Society, vacated by the death of 
Barnby, and the following year he 
received the honour of koighthood. 
To enumerate the many historical 
services at which he has officiated 
would be impossible. The 1887 and 
1897 Jubilees came first, but equal to 
them in importance were the never-to- 
be-forgotten Coronations of King 
Edward and His present Majesty ; for 
these State ceremonies he received the 
Queen's Jubilee Medal and Clasp, and 
the M.V.O. After the Coronation of 
King George V he was promoted to 
be Commander of the Order (C.V.O.). 
In 1902 he was appointed King 
Edward Professor of Music in the 
University of London. His composi- 
tions include " Mount Moriah," ora- 
toria, 1874 ; " Boadicea," cantata, 
Highbury Philharmonic Society, 1880 ; 
" Hymn to the Creator," Highbury, 
1883, and Worcester, 1884 ; " Rock of 
Ages " (Gladstone's Latin translation), 
Birmingham Festival, 1885 ; " Callir- 
hoe," cantata, Birmingham, 1888 ; 
" The Repentance of Nineveh/' ora- 
torio, Worcester, 1890 ; " The Lord's 
Prayer " (from Plumpton's version of 
Dante's " Purgatorio "), Gloucester, 
1892 ; " The Cradle of Christ," Here- 
ord, 1894; choral ballads, "The 
Festival," " The Inchcape Bell," " The 
Flag of England," "The Forging of 
the Anchor," and " The Ballad of the 
Champion " ; concert overture," Morte 
d' Arthur," Birmingham, 1886 ; cham- 
ber music and sonatas for organ ; songs 
from Shakespeare, and a number of 
anthems and odes for State occasions. 
He is also a writer on theoretical and 
other musical subjects of exceptional 
erudition, including works on Counter- 
point, Double Counterpoint, and Organ 
Accompaniment. He has, in his hours 

of leisure, compiled " The Shakespeare 
Birthday Book of Musicians," pub- 
lished by Messrs. Bosworth, containing 
a musical quotation from Shakespeare 
for every day in the year, together 
with the birthdays of eminent British 
and foreign musicians. He was mar- 
ried first, in 1872, to Constance Ellen, 
daughter of J. L. Moore, and second, 
in 1883, to Helen Mary Flora, daughter 
of E. Amphlett, by whose lamented 
death, in 1907, Sir Frederick Bridge 
was a second time left a widower. He 
has one son and two daughters, one of 
whom, Rosalind, is married to Dr. 
Edward Stain er, son of Sir John 
Stainer Recreations : Fishing and 
shooting. Address : The Cloisters, 
Westminster Abbey ; Cairnborrow 
Lodge, Glass, N.B. Club : Athenaeum. 

BRIDGE, Joseph Cox, organist and 
composer ; y.s. of the late John Bridge 
and brother of Sir J. Fredk. Bridge ; 
b. Rochester, 16 Aug., 1853; was a 
chorister in Rochester Cathedral, and 
assistant organist to the late John 
Hopkins ; was afterwards assistant 
organist to his brother at Manchester 
Cathedral ; is a graduate of Oxford, 
holding the degrees M.A. and Mus. 
Doc. ; in 1871 was appointed organist 
of Exeter College, Oxford, in 1877 
organist of Chester Cathedral, and two 
years later revived the Chester Musical 
Festivals, which had not been held for 
fifty years ; founded the Chester 
Musical Society in 1886, and conducted 
for a brief period the Bradford Festival 
Choral Society; Mus.Doc., Dunelm, 
1908 ; has composed numerous can- 
tatas, orchestral pieces, a symphony 
played at the Chester Festival in 1894, 
and other works; was appointed a 
F.R.C.O. in 1879, and is an Hon. 
R.A.M. ; appointed professor of music 
Durham University, 1908. Address : 
Christchurch Vicarage, Chester. 

BRIGHT, Dora Estella (Mrs. Knatch- 
bull), pianist and composer ; b. Shef- 
field, 16 Aug., 1863, her father being 
an excellent amateur musician; studied 
the pianoforte at the R.A.M. under the 
late Walter Macfarren and composition 
under Ebenezer Prout, gaining the 
Potter Exhibition in 1884, and the 
Lucas Medal for composition in 1888 





being the first woman to achieve the 
latter distinction ; made her first 
appearance as a pianist at the Covent 
Garden Promenade Concerts in 1882 ; 
on leaving the Academy she com- 
menced a series of pianoforte recitals 
in 1889, and in 1891 played her own 
Pianoforte Concerto in A Minor, at the 
Crystal Palace; in 1892 she played 
the solo part in her own Fantasia for 
pianoforte and orchestra at a Phil- 
harmonic Concert ; she gave a series 
of successful recitals of English music, 
both ancient and modern, in 1892, and 
in 1895 a series of national pianoforte 
recitals ; she first toured on the Con- 
tinent in the autumn of 1889, success- 
fully appearing at Dresden, Cologne, 
and Leipzig. Since her marriage, in 
1892, to Captain Knatchbull of Bath, 
her public appearances have been com- 
paratively infrequent ; in addition to 
the works already mentioned, she has 
written an Air with Variations for the 
Orchestra, first performed in London 
in 1890; a second Pianoforte Con- 
certo, produced at Cologne in 1892 ; 
a quartet in D for pianoforte and 
strings in 1893 ; also numerous pieces 
for the piano, violin and piano, flute 
and piano, and songs. She also com- 
posed the music for a -Ballet Scena, 
which was danced by Mile. Adeline 
Genee at the Playhouse in 1907. 

BRINSMEAD & SONS, Ltd., John, 

pianoforte manufacturers ; founded 
in 1837 by the late Mr. John Brins- 
mead (1814-1908); at one time Mr. 
Brinsmead was in partnership with 
his two sons, Thos. and Edgar, both of 
whom have died. The founder of 
the firm invented many of the import- 
ant improvements in the manufacture 
of pianos and at the time of his 
death at the great age of ninety-three, 
was regarded as the Father of the 
trade; the firm is now a private 
limited company, managed by his 
grandson, Mr. H. Billingshurst. Ad- 
dress : 18-22 Wigmore Street, W. 
Telephone : 2345 Pad. 

* BROADBENT, Frank, teacher of 
singing and voice production ; b. Liver- 
pool; e. Liverpool College, at the 
R.A.M., and in Italy; was a water- 
colour artist before entering musical 

profession ; married Miss Helen Petti- 
can, vocalist, in 1894. Hobbies : Fish- 
ing and golf. Address : 142 Maryle- 
bone Road, N.W. Telephone : 2627 

BROAD WOOD & SONS, John, piano- 
forte manufacturers ; founded by 
Burkhard Tschudi (or Shudi), a Swiss, 
about 1728, who settled in Great 
Pulteney Street in 1742. John Broad- 
wood was a Scotchman, born 1732, 
and being a well-known cabinet 
maker, he joined Tschudi about 1760, 
and married his daughter Barbara in 
1769 ; their son, James Tschudi 
Broadwood, joined lie business in 
1795, and the firm became John 
Broadwood & Sons. John Broad- 
wood died in 1812, and his direct 
lineal successors in the business have 
been the following : James Tschudi 
Broadwood, who died in 1851 ; Henry 
Fowler Broadwood, who died in 1893 ; 
Henry James Tschudi Broadwood, 
who died in 1911 ; Stewart John 
Tschudi Broadwood, born 1888. The 
firm became a limited company in 
1901 (Chairman, Mr. W. H. Leslie), 
and moved to their present premises 
in Conduit Street in 1904. Address : 
Conduit Street, W. Telephones : 
3883 and 2534 Gerrard. 

BROCKBANK, Harrison, vocalist 
and actor ; b. St. Helens, Liverpool, 
2 Oct., 1867 ; s. of James Brockbank, 
author ; e. Cowley's School ; originally 
studied painting under David Wool- 
cock, but discovering that he had a 
voice, gave up painting for music; 
studied with Signer Franco Leoni ; 
joined Arthur Rousby's Opera Com- 
pany, 1887, making first appearance in 
*' The Bohemian Girl " ; has sung at 
the Harrison Patti Concerts, and was 
with Signer Lago during his opera 
season at Lyceum, 1892 ; participated 
in a recital of "Faust" at Queen's 
Hall, as a result of which he was 
engaged by Augustus Harris for two 
seasons at Covent Garden and Drury 
Lane; he then took to comic opera, 
and made a successful appearance in 
"Ma Mie Rosette," and other light 
compositions both in London and pro- 
vinces ; one of his most successful ap- 
pearances was in " The Little Genius," 





at Shaftesbury, 1897 ; was also en- 
gaged for baritone parts by George 
Edwardes at Daly's ; and by Dundas 
Slater, manager of the Alhambra, to 
sing Kipling and Sullivan's " Absent- 
Minded Beggar," at the commence- 
ment of the South African War ; has 
since sung at most of the leading 
variety halls and in the provinces in 
musical comedy and pantomime ; 
author of " The Freebooter/' " The 
Swell Mobsman," and other popular 
songs. Address : c/o The Stage of Era. 

BRODSKY, Adolph, vioHnist; b. 
Taganrod, Russia, 21 Mar., 1851 ; as 
a child he displayed extraordinary 
musical gifts, and at the age of nine 
a rich resident of Odessa sent him to 
Vienna, where he was a pupil at the 
Conservatorium ; he then became an 
orchestral player, and afterwards 
visited Moscow in 1873 ; and was 
appointed a professor at the Conserva- 
toire; having conducted a series of 
symphony concerts at Kieff, he went 
on tour as a solo violinist, playing at 
the principal European centres ; he 
was next appointed professor at the 
Leipzig Conservatoire, and frequently 
played at the Gewandhaus Concerts ; 
in 1890 he visited the United States, 
and was leader of the Damrosch 
Symphony Society in New York ; he 
returned to England, and in 1895 was 
appointed leader of the Halle Orchestra 
in Manchester, and was temporary 
conductor after Sir Charles Hall6's 
death; is now principal of the Man- 
chester College of Music, and holds a 
leading position in musical matters in 
that city. In 1902 he was appointed 
hon. Mus.Doc. of the Victoria Uni- 
versity. Address : 3 Laurel Mount, 

BRONSART, Hans Von, pianist and 
composer; b. Berlin, 11 Feb., 1830; 
e . Danzig and Berlin University ; was 
a pupil of Liszt, at Weimar; he be- 
came a well-known pianist on leading 
concert tours in Europe, and in 1860 
went to Leipzig, where he conducted 
the Euterpe Concerts; he succeeded 
Hans von Bulow as director of the 
Society of Friends of Music at Berlin, 
and in 1867 was made Intendant of the 
Court Theatre, Hanover ; twenty 

years later he was appointed General 
Intendant at Weimar, retiring in 1895 
with the rank of Privy Councillor ; he 
has written numerous important works 
for the piano, including a concerto 
which was frequently played by Von 
Bulow, and other leading pianists, and 
which was played at the Crystal Palace 
in 1876 by Fritz Hartvigson. 

BROUGHTON, Jessie, contralto ; b. 
London, 1885 ; d. of Broughton Black ; 
was a pupil of Madame Oudin ; first 
engaged by George Edwardes to appear 
at Apollo, 1903 ; next appeared at 
Apollo in "Madame Sherry" and in 
" Veronique " ; sang solo in National 
Anthem at re-opening of Empire, 
and remained there as solo vocalist, 

BROZELj Philip, operatic baritone ; 
b. in England ; e. at R.A.M., and was 
immediately engaged by Sir Augustus 
Harris to sing Canio in Pagliacci at 
Covent Garden; this he followed up 
by appearing in Don Giovanni with 
Mme. Patti ; was invited to sing at 
Buda-Pesth and at once engaged for 
three seasons in Wagnerian opera 
there. Engaged by Angelo Neumann 
for Prague and also sang Radames in 
"Alda" at Royal Opera, Berlin, and 
as Tristan at Hanover. Julius Hof- 
mann engaged him for Lohengrin at 
Cologne and he sang the part of Herod 
in " Salome " at Mainz, after studying 
it with Fritz Steinbach ; he repeated 
the part at Covent Garden in 1910; 
he also sang (at the Imperial Opera, 
Vienna), Lohengrin, Walther, Canio, 
Otello, etc., and was then engaged by 
Charles Manners for English opera. 

BRUCH, Max, composer ; b. Cologne, 
6 Jan., 1838, his mother being a well- 
known musician and admirable singer ; 
after early instruction from his mother, 
he studied theory at Bonn under 
Breidenstein ; he won the Mozart 
Scholarship at Frankfort-on-Maine in 
1852, and under Reinecke and Breuning 
at Cologne ; his compositions com- 
menced to attract attention, and he 
wrote the music for "Loreley," the 
book of which was originally com- 
posed by Geibel for Mendelssohn ; this 
opera was successfully played at 




Mannheim in 1863 ; in 1865 he was 
appointed musical director of the 
Concert-Institution at Coblenz ; in 
1870 he went to reside in Berlin, and 
afterwards at Bonn, devoting himself 
almost entirely to composition ; in 
1880 he came to England as director 
of the Liverpool Philharmonic Society ; 
three years later he returned to Ger- 
many and conducted the Orchestral 
Society at Breslau until 1890, when he 
became director of composition at the 
High School of Music at Berlin ; his 
compositions for chorus and orchestra 
are known all over Europe ; many of 
his works have been performed at 
leading concerts in this country, 
notably his famous violin concertos 
in G minor and D minor, and his two 
symphonies. Address : Hochschule, 

BRUNEAU, Louis Charles Bona- 
venture Alfred, composer and musi- 
cal critic of Le Matin ; b. Paris, 1 
March, 1857 ; e. at the Conservatoire 
1873-1881 under Savard and Massenet ; 
his operas include " Kerim," per- 
formed at the Theatre Lyrique, 1887 ; 
" Le R6ve," 1891, founded on the 
novel by Zola; " L'Attaque du 
Moulin," 1893; " Messidor," 1897; 
" L'Ouragan," 1901 ; " L'Enfant Roi," 
1905 ; " Les Bacchanales," 1912 ; he 
has also set to music a number of 
poems written by Catulle Mendes, 
notably " PenthSsilee," and " Lieds de 
France." M. Bruneau is the author 
of numerous articles in La Revue 
Independante, La Revue Illustree, Le 
Monde Musical, etc. He has been 
critic of Gil Bias and Figaro, and has 
collected his principal critical writings 
in a volume entitled Musique d'hier 
et de demain, 1900 ; other works in- 
clude " La Musique Francaise, Rap- 
port sur la musique en France du 
XIII e au XX e sidcle." Officier of the 
Legion d'honneur. Address : 10 Rue 
de la Pompe, Paris. 

BRYHN, Mile. Borghild, operatic 
soprano ; made her debut at Chris- 
tiania in title-^te of "The Sailor's 
Bride," the first Norwegian opera ever 
produced; in 1907 she appeared at 
Covent Garden as Santuzza, and as 
Laura in "Gioconda." During the 

English performances of " The Ring," 
she took the part of Brunnhilde. 

BUCK, Perey Carter, organist; b. 
West Ham, Essex, 1871 ; e. Merchant 
Taylors' School ; musical career begun 
as chorister, West Ham parish church ; 
studied at G.S.M, under Dr. C. j! 
Frost and F. Davenport, and later at 
R.C.M. (as scholarship winner) under 
Dr. Parry, C. H. Lloyd, and Sir W 
Parratt; F.R.C.O. and A.R.C.M. ; 
Mus. Bac. (Oxon), 1892 ; Mus. Doc., 
1897 ; M.A. ; organist at Kingston, 
St. John's, Wilton Road, Worcester 
College (Oxford), Wells Cathedral 
(1896-99), Bristol Cathedral (1899- 
1901), and music director, Harrow 
School, since 1901 ; succeeded Dr. 
Prout as Professor of Music, Trinity 
College, Dublin. Address : 100 High 
Street, Harrow. 

BUCKLEY, Reginald Ramsden ; b. 

1882 ; author and journalist ; musical 
critic to T.P.'s Weekly, dramatic 
librettist. Address : White Hall, 
Coram Street, Russell Square. Club : 

BUCKNALL - EYRE, Margaret, 

pianist and teacher ; b. Stroud, Glou- 
cestershire ; d. of John Bucknall, Esq. ; 
e. near Brighton, and for music at the 
R.A.M. under Dorrell and Walter 
Macfarren ; made her first appearance 
at the Ballad Concerts at St. James's 
Hall in Nov., 1877 ; was organist at 
Woodchester Church, Gloucestershire, 
from the age of eleven years till she was 
sixteen, and at St. Thomas', Padding- 
ton, from the time she was nineteen 
till she was twenty-three ; played 
Mendelssohn's D Minor Concerto at 
R.A.M. Students' Concert, St. James's 
Hall, and has appeared at various 
other concerts. Married Mr. A. J. 
Eyre in 1879; is an A.R.A.M., an 
Assoc. Phil. Soc., and a professor at 
the G.S.M. Concert direction : Ethel 
Robinson. Address : Penybryn, Fox 
Hill, Norwood, S.E. 

BUCKTROUT, Daisy, pianist; b. 
Hornsey, East Yorkshire ; showed an 
early aptitude for music, especially 
the piano, and in 1899 went to Frank- 
fort, where she studied under Carl 





Friedburg ; returning to England, she 
studied under Mr. Janssen of Hull, and 
competed for a scholarship given by 
Professor Michael Hambourg and open 
to the musical students of Yorkshire ; 
in 1904 she came to London to pursue 
her musical studies under Prof. Ham- 
bourg, with a view to taking up accom- 
paniment on the piano ; for this pur- 
pose, while still following up solo work, 
she was trained by Messrs. Jan and 
Boris Hambourg, who engaged her as 
accompanist for their London recitals 
in 1906 ; she was afterwards engaged 
for the Hambourg and Marie Brema 
tour, 1907-8. Address: 2 Clifton 
Gardens, Maida Hill, W. 

BUNGERT, August, composer; b. 
Mulheim, 14 Mar., 1846; studied 
music at the Cologne Conservatorium ; 
in 1869 was appointed director of 
music at Kreuznach; gained a prize 
for a piano and string quartet in 1878 ; 
since then he has written a large num- 
ber of compositions for the orchestra 
and piano, and a comic opera (" Die 
Studenten Von Salamanka "), which 
was played at Leipzig; he recently 
composed a tetralogy of operas, " Die 
Homerische Heimkehr," which evoked 
considerable interest in the musical 

STINNETT, EDWARD, organist and 
composer ; b. Shipdham, near East 
Dereham, Norfolk, 26 June, 1834; 
e. Norwich Cathedral by Dr. Z. Buck ; 
was organist and choirmaster there for 
twenty-two years ; as a chorister, Dr. 
Bunnett sang with Jenny Lind and 
Miss Dolby in " Lift Thine Eyes " ; 
took his Mus.B. Cantab, in 1857 at 
Corpus Christi College, being the first 
candidate passed by Sterndale Bennett'; 
became Mus.Doc., Trinity College, in 
1869. Dr. Bunnett has written a good 
deal of popular Church music, including 
a cantata, " Rhineland " (Norwich 
Festival, 1872), and many anthems 
and pieces for the organ. Address : 
Grove Terrace, Thorpe Road, Norwich. 

RUNNING, Herbert, composer and 
conductor ; &. London, 1863 ; e. Har- 
row and Brasenose College; m. 
Marguerite Wilhelmine, Marquise de 
Moligny ; on leaving Oxford, was for 

two years a subaltern in the 4th 
Hussars; left the Service, 1886, and 
at once entered upon the study of 
music in Paris and at Milan ; has com- 
posed numerous orchestral pieces ; also 
opera, " La Princesse Osra," produced 
at Covent Garden, July, 1902, and 
" Sir Launcelot and Queen Guinevere," 
tenor scena, sung by Ben Davies at 
Norwich Festival, Oct., 1905 ; songs 
and incidental music to " Robin Hood," 
1906 ; appointed musical director at 
the Lyric, 1892 (resigned 1893) ; two 
years musical director at Prince of 
Wales's, 1895-6. Address : 154 Regent 
Street, W. Cliib : Boodles. 

BUONAMICI, Giuseppe, pianist and 
teacher; b. Florence, 12 Feb., 1846; 
after instruction from his uncle, 
Giuseppe Ceccherini, he entered the 
Munich Conservatorium, studying 
under Von Bulow and Rheinberger, 
and two years later was appointed a 
professor there ; returning to Florence, 
he was made director of the Cherubini 
Choral Society, and became a leading 
professor of music in that city ; he is 
almost universally known by his works 
for the use of students of the piano, 
which include studies of difficult pas- 
sages in Beethoven's compositions, and 
" The Art of Scale Study," published 
by Augener & Co. ; he has appeared 
on a few occasions as a pianist in 
London, but his fame rests mainly on 
his abilities as a teacher and bis 
mastery of technique. 

BURKE, Edmund, operatic bass- 
baritone ; b. Toronto ; e. for Canadian 
Bar, and graduated at McGill Univer- 
sity, Montreal, as B.C.L. ; afterwards 
came to London and studied at R.C.M. 
with Signer A. Visetti and later in 
Paris ; made his operatic debut in 1906 
at Montpellier, France ; and has also 
sung at Nice, Algiers, the Hague, and 
at Covent Garden. 

BURMESTER, Willy, violinist; b. 
Hamburg, 16 Mar., 1869; studied 
under Joachim; he has made a few 
appearances in this country, where his 
undoubted accomplishments have been 
insufficiently appreciated ; he is, 
however, highly popular on the 





BURNETT, Robert, baritone; b. 
Lasswade, Midlothian, studied with 
Signer Ricci, Andrew Black, and 
Alberto Randegger ; first appeared 
at Edinburgh for Choral Union, as 
bass soloist in " The Messiah " ; his 
principal engagements include Queen's 
Hall Concerts under Henry J. Wood, 
London Symphony Concerts under 
Dr. Richter, etc., and all the principal 
choral and Orchestral Concerts in the 
kingdom ; his favourite v dies are 
Elijah and Mephistopheles in Berlioz* 
" Faust." Recreation : Golf. Address : 35 
Inverleith Gardens, Edinburgh. A gent : 
Ibbs and Tillett, 19 Hanover Square. 
Telephone : 4119 Central (Edinburgh). 

BURNS, Alice, soprano ; b. Boston, 
U.S.A. ; in 1895 entered New England 
Conservatoire of Music and studied for 
three years, afterwards touring princi- 
pal cities in U.S. ; four years later she 
made her debut in comic opera, and 
created chief rdle in " Prince pro tern." 
at Tremont Theatre, Boston ; she then 
went for further study, first to Bouhy 
in Paris, and after with Mr. George 
Henschel in London. 

BUSONI, Feruccio Benvenuto, com- 
poser-pianist ; 6. Empoli, nr. Florence, 
1 April, 1866, both parents being 
musicians ; e. in Austria ; teacher at 
Helsingfors, 1888-9; professor at 
Moscow Conservatoire (1891) ; m. 
(1890) Gerda Sjostrand, daughter of 
a Finnish sculptor ; has been known 
as an eminent virtuoso nine or ten 
years ; Court pianist, Weimar ; hon. 
member R.A.M., Bologna, most recent 
work incidental music to " Turandot," 
produced at St. James's Theatre, 
Jan. 1913. Recreations : Billiards, 
books and writing about music. 
Address : Berlin. 

BUTT, Madame Clara, contralto; 
b. Southwick, Brighton, 1 Feb., 1873 ; 
d. of Henry Albert Butt, Captain in 

the Mercantile Marine, and his wife 
Clara; e. Clifton by W. Rootham, 
conductor of Bristol Madrigal Society, 
and the R.C.M. under Mr. Henry 
Blower, gaining an open scholarship 
at the College, value 400 guineas ; 
studied in Paris with M. Bouhy, and 
in Berlin with Etelka Gerster ; m. 
26 June, 1900, R. H. Kennerley Rum- 
ford, the well-known baritone vocalist, 
and has three children ; she first 
appeared in public at a students' per- 
formance of Gluck's " Orfeo " (in the 
name part), 5 Dec., 1892 ; her first 
engagement was at the Royal Albert 
Hall, 12 Dec., 1892, with Albani, 
Lloyd, and Santley, and she has since 
then sung at every important festival 
or concert in the world ; she has been 
honoured by numerous royal com- 
mands from their late Majesties (Queen 
Victoria and King Edward VII) and 
Queen Alexandra, and from Ring 
George and Queen Mary. Mme. Butt has 
recently (1912) concluded an extensive 
Continental tour, and has now started 
on a lengthy tour round the world with 
her husband. Recreations: Riding, driv- 
ing and fishing. Address : Compton 
Lodge, Harley Road, South Hampstead. 
Telephone : 1272 P.O. Hampstead. 

BYARD, Theodore, baritone; b. 
in India ; e. for the army at Sandhurst 
and in Germany, and joined the War- 
wickshire regiment quartered in India. 
Resigning his commission, he was pre- 
pared for musical profession in Paris 
and London, and made his debut 
as public singer in London at Princes 
Hall in 1894, and has since sung in 
Vienna, Dresden, Amsterdam, Berlin 
and Paris ; m. Miss Root, an American 
lady. Recreations: Reading, tennis, 
rowing, skating. Telephone : 2987 
Mayfair. Club : Bath Club. Tele- 
graphic address : " Byardoron, Lon- 
don." Address: 17 Manchester 
Square, W. 

CABMAN, Ethel, soprano and oper- 
atic vocalist ; b. at Hill Top, Staf- 
fordshire; d. of Frederick Cadman, 
Esq. ; studied at the G.S.M. under Mr. 
Ernest Ford, winning the D'Oyly 

Carte Prize for Singing and Acting at 
the age of sixteen, and appeared at 
the G.S.M. in "Mirella" and " La 
Basoche," in the part of Colette. 
Commenced her professional career 





with the Moody-Manners Opera Com- 
pany, in which she toured as prima 
donna, at the age of nineteen playing 
the principal parts in " Faust/' 
" Tannhauser," " Lohengrin," " Pagli- 
acci," " Philemon et Baucis," " Mar- 
riage of Figaro," " La Traviata," etc., 
etc. ; she has also appeared at the 
Cardiff, Wolverhampton, Plymouth, 
Manchester, Birmingham, and Belfast 
Musical Societies, and many other 
first-class choral societies ; also two 
seasons in London with English 
Opera, Queen's Hall Orchestral and 
the Chappell Ballad Concerts. She is 
married to Donald Arthur, theatrical 
manager, son of Captain Knapp, who 
is one of the few surviving Crimean 
veterans of great distinction. Agent : 
Hart's, 26 Wellington Street. Tele- 
phone : 2931 Paddington. Address : 
72 Blandford Street, Baker Street, 
W., and Yew Tree House, Stoke 
Mandeville, Bucks. 

CALVfi, Emma, operatic contralto ; 
b. in France, 1866 ; d. of a civil en- 
gineer, who died while she was still 
young ; e. at a convent, which she 
left in order to assist her mother in 
bringing up her young brother and 
sister ; possessing a voice of great 
promise, she decided to study singing, 
and, going to Paris, placed herself 
first under Laborde and afterwards 
with Madame Mathilde Marchesi. She 
made her debut, like so many other 
famous operatic singers, at the Theatre 
de la Monnaie, Brussels, 1882, appear- 
ing as Marguerite in " Faust." Two 
years later she made her first appear- 
ance in Paris at the old Theatre Italien, 
with Edouard De Reszke and Maurel 
in Dubois* "Aben Hamet." She 
subsequently went to the Opera 
Comique, where she appeared as the 
Countess in "Le Nozze di Figaro," 
the heroine in Felicien David's " Lalla 
Rookh," Pamina in "H Flauto Ma- 
gico," and the heroine in de Joncieres' 
" Chevalier Jean." She next went to 
Italy and appeared at the Scala, Milan, 
and at the principal opera houses of 
Rome, Naples and Florence, including 
in her repertoire Ophelie in Thomas' 
" Hamlet " and Leila in Bizet's " Les 
PScheurs de Perles," followed by Car- 
men, her most famous impersonation. 

In 1890 she was selected by Mas- 
cagni to create the part of Santuzza 
in " Cavalleria Rusticana " at the 
Constanzi Theatre, Rome. When 
Mascagni produced his second opera, 
" L'Amico Fritz," at the Constanzi in 
Oct., 1891, she was again selected by 
him as prima donna. She made her 
first appearance in England on the 
opening night of the season at Covent 
Garden in 1892, appearing as Santuzza, 
and creating a furore* which is well 
within the memory of present-day 
music lovers. She also appeared during 
the season in " Carmen " and " L'A- 
mico Fritz " with equal success. She 
returned to Paris the same year, 
appearing at the Opera Comique in 
" Les PScheurs de Perles." Since then 
she has frequently sung at Covent 
Garden and all over Europe, creating 
the part of Messaline in de Lara's 
opera of that name at Monte Carlo 
in 1900. Marrying a few years ago, her 
appearances on the operatic stage 
have since been disappointingly rare, 
especially as she is still at the zenith 
of her vocal and dramatic powers. 
Address : Chateau Cabrieres, Cevennes, 
France. Agent: N. Vert, 6 Cork 

CAMPANINI, Cleofonte, conductor ; 
b. at Parma, Italy, 1860 ; e. as a 
violinist at lie Parma Conservatoire 
under Signer Bazzini and obtained the 
School Diploma. In 1883 appointed 
conductor at Parma Opera House, and 
while conductor there was offered by 
Henry Abbey engagement at Metro- 
politan Opera House, New York. 
While there conducted second per- 
formance given at which Mme. Sem- 
brich made her New York debut in 
" La Sonnambula." In 1887 he again 
went to New York to direct Verdi's 
opera, " Otello," for the first time in 
America, when his brother, Italo, 
appeared in titie-rdte, and the latter's 
wife, Eva Tetrazzini Campanini was 
the Desdemona. From 1903-1906 he 
conducted the orchestra at La Scala, 
Milan, and he has also been engaged 
at Rome, Naples, Venice, and the 
Manhattan Opera House. During his 
reign at Milan he produced, at Paccini's 
request, the first version of " Madame 
Butterfly," which proved a failure. 





Later he again directed the opera at 
Brescia and at Covent Garden, when 
its merits were soon recognised. When 
Mr. Hammerstein engaged him for the 
Manhattan Opera House, he introduced 
there in the course of three seasons, 
" Louise," " Thais," " Pelleas et Me- 
lisande," " Samson et Dalila," " Le 
Jongleur de Notre Dame/' " La 
Damnation de Faust " and " La 
Princesse d'Auberge." He has for 
many successive seasons been engaged 
at the Royal Opera, Covent Garden. 

CAMPBELL, Francis J., musical 
director; b. at Winchester, Franklin 
County, Tennessee, U.S.A., 1832. 
Started on musical career early in life. 
After leaving the Nashville School for 
the Blind, went to Leipzig and other 
leading German conservatoires. Became 
musical director of Perkins Institute 
for the Blind, Boston. In 1871 came 
to England and founded Royal Normal 
College for the Blind, Upper Norwood, 
S.E. Is an LL.D., F.R.G.S., and an 
Offtcier de 1' Academic Francaise. Re- 
ceived a knighthood in 1909. Address : 
110 Church Road, Upper Norwood, 

CAPEL, John Mais, composer and 
conductor ; b. Lennoxville, Canada, 
1 Nov., 1862 ; s. of the Rev. A. D. 
Capel, M.A. Camb., and his wife 
Rebekah, daughter of the Rev. John 
Mais, M.A., Camb. (of Dutch descent) ; 
e. at Magdalen College School, Oxford, 
and St. Paul's Cathedral School ; was 
privately instructed in music ; was for 
some time on the stage at the old 
Court Theatre, under John Clayton 
and Arthur Cecil ; has for many years 
been a successful writer of songs, his 
best known being "Love, could I 
only tell thee," and "Lorraine- 
Lorraine-Loree," both written for and 
sung by Mr. C. Hayden Coffin ; " The 
Delaware's Farewell," " Erin is my 
own Land," "Star and Rose," etc.; 
his published songs number over 
one hundred, most of which have been 
issued by Chappell. Is well known as 
a theatrical conductor. Recreations : 
Cricket and golf. 

CABAYOGLIA, Frances, vocalist; d. 

of Henry Buckmaster, formerly of the 

Royal Navy; e. at Naples; m. the 
late Signor Giuseppe Caravoglia, opera- 
tic singer and teacher ; studied operatic 
singing under her husband and other 
singers at Naples ; has given up the 
operatic stage for some years, and now 
devotes herself exclusively to teaching. 
Her hobby is collecting rare and 
beautiful china. Address : 7 Alexander 
Street, Westbourne Gardens, W. 

CARMICHAEL, Mary Grant, pianist 
and composer ; b. Birkenhead ; re- 
ceived her musical training at the 
R.A.M. under Oscar Beringer, Walter 
Bache, Fritz Hartvigson and Ebenezer 
Prout ; she was for some time well 
known as an accompanist at the 
Monday Popular Concerts, and also 
achieved considerable distinction as 
a composer, chiefly of songs ; she has 
also composed an operetta, "The 
Snow Queen," and several pieces for 
the piano. She translated Ehrlich's 
" Celebrated Pianists of the Past and 
Present," published in 1894. Is now 
chiefly occupied in teaching and as an 
accompanist. Address : 18 Steele 
Road, Haverstock Hill. 

CARR, Frank Osmond, composer; 
b. Yorkshire, 23 April, 1858 ; e. pri- 
vately and at Cambridge ; graduated 
Mus.Bac., Cambridge, 1885, M.A. 1886, 
Mus.Doc. 1891 ; has composed the 
music to a large number of musical 
comedies and fight operas, including 
" Joan of Arc," 1891 ; " Blue-Eyed 
Susan," 1892; "In Town," 1892; 
" Morocco Bound," 1893 ; " Go Bang," 
1894 ; " His Excellency," comic opera, 
written in conjunction with W. S. 
Gilbert, 1894; "Biarritz," 1896; 
"Lord Tom Noddy," 1896; "My 
Girl," 1896; "The Rose of the 
Riviera," 1899 ; ballet, " Roger de 
Coverley," produced at the Empire 
Theatre, 1907, etc. 

CARREftO, Teresa, pianist; b. in 
Caracas, Venezuela, on 22 Dec., 1853, 
the d. of Manuel Antonio Carreno, 
the Minister of Finance, and an 
amateur musician of ability, from 
whom his daughter received her first 
instruction. Later she studied with 
Gpttschalk in the States and in Paris 
with Professor Georges Mathias, one 





of Chopin's best pupils, and still later 
under Rubinstein. Her first profes- 
sional appearance was made in New 
York in Nov., 1861, as a "wonder- 
child," since when her fame has 
constantly increased. It is curious that 
she was at one time fairly embarked 
on a career as an operatic vocalist 
under Maurice Strakosch. Her versa- 
tility does not end here, for during a 
three weeks' emergency she actually 
conducted the performances of her 
opera company herself. In 1889 she 
again appeared as a pianist since 
which time she has not reverted to 
opera. Her favourite professional 
occupation is teaching, and her hobbies 
are mountain-climbing and outdoor 
sports. Agent: Mr. Schultz-Curtius. 
44 Regent Street, W. Permanent 
address : Berlin, Germany. 

CARTER, Doris, soprano; b. 13 
Oct., 1887, Melbourne; e. at Mel- 
bourne High School; secured gold 
medal for soprano singing Melbourne 
Exhibition, 1902. Trained by Mr. 
Armes Beaumont. Made debut 1903 
Melba Concert, Melbourne Town Hall. 
First appeared in London, Oct., 1910. 
Since engaged for principal concerts 
in United Kingdom. Telephone : 5378 
Holborn. Agents : Imperial Concert 
Agency, 524 Birkbeck Bank Chambers, 
Holborn, B.C. 

CARTER, John Hilton, manager 
and secretary of Royal Albert Hall ; b. 
27 June, 1856, at Mansfield, Notts, and 
e. at Nottingham High School. Mr. 
Carter had an extensive commercial 
experience before becoming connected 
with the musical profession. He first 
came into touch with music by acting 
as secretary of the Hampstead Con- 
servatoire for a year. Then he trans- 
ferred his services to the London Organ 
School, and in 1894 he succeeded the 
late Mr. Charles P. Smith as secretary 
of the G.S.M., where he remained 
seven years, becoming manager and 
secretary of the Royal Albert Hall in 
1901, a position he still holds. He is 
also director of the Popular Sunday 
Concerts that are now held there. 
Mr. Carter married Miss Alice A. 
Robinson, of Nottingham, in 1884. 
Address : Corona, Mapesbury Road, 

Brondesbury, N.W. Telephone : 425 

CARUSO, Enrico, operatic tenor; 
b. Naples, the s. of a warehouseman. 
Received no special musical education. 
In early life was apprenticed to a 
mechanical engineer, but found his 
passion for music too strong to resist. 
On the death of his mother gave up 
engineering and began in a modest 
way as a singer by earning a few lire 
by singing in a church. From this he 
drifted into cafe-concerts in Naples, 
but never finding it necessary to take 
any regular lessons. Was then engaged 
by a provincial impresario to sing 
for him for ten years hi the smaller 
Italian cities. The tour was inter- 
rupted by military service, which only 
lasted two months, a brother volun- 
teering to take his place. At last he 
received an engagement to sing in 
Brazil, where he met with immediate 
success. Offers of European tours 
soon followed. At Monte Carlo he was 
heard by Henry Russell and engaged 
for Covent Garden, where he first 
appeared as Des Grieux in Puccini's 
opera. He has never sung a Wagnerian 
rdle, but has achieved fame in parts 
such as Giordano's Ipanoff, which he 
created at Milan 1898, Riccardo, 
Radames, Andr6a Chenier, etc., etc. 
He has a property near Venice where 
he enjoys the life of a country gentle- 
man. Was decorated by King Edward 
VII in 1907 with the M.V.O., and 
holds many other foreign distinctions. 
Address: Villa alle Panchi, Porta 
San Gallo, Florence. 

CARILL, Ivan (John TilMn), com- 
poser and conductor; b. Liege, Bel- 
gium ; e. Lidge Conservatoire ; com- 
poser of a large number of the Gaiety 
musical pieces ; composed additional 
music to" Ma Mie Rosette," byLacome, 
and to " La Cigale," by Audran, played 
at the Lyric during his musical direc- 
torship there; composed music of 
"The Lucky Star,' produced at 
Savoy, 1898; "The Duchess of 
Dantzic," Lyric, 1903 ; " The Earl and 
the Girl," Lyric, 1904 ; " The Little 
Cherub/' Prince of Wales's, 1906; 
"The New Aladdin/' Gaiety, 1906; 
" Nelly Neil," 1906 ; " The Girls of 
Gottenburg," 1907; " Our Miss Gibbs/' 





1909; "The Pink Lady," 1911; is 
the musical director at Gaiety Theatre. 
Address : Gaiety Theatre, Strand, 

CASTLES, Amy, opera, oratorio 
and concert singer ; b. Melbourne, 
Australia, 25 July, 1884 ; e. at Convent 
of Mercy, Bendigo ; first appeared in 
1899 at a meeting of the Austral Salon, 
in Melbourne, under the auspices of 
Lord and Lady Brassey, when she 
was only sixteen years of age. Before 
leaving for London she gave three 
concerts at the Melbourne Exhibition, 
from which she is said to have netted 
the sum of ^6,000 ; made her first 
appearance in London at the Queen's 
Hall in 1901 ; in 1902 she went to 
Paris to complete her musical tuition, 
studying singing under M. Bouhy for 
three years ; reappeared at Queen's 
Hall, Nov., 1905, and has since appeared 
at all the leading London and pro- 
vincial concerts, and made extensive 
tours. Address : 19 Lansdowne Road, 
N.W. Usual agents. 

CATHIE, Philip, violinist; b. at 
Manchester, 1874, both his parents 
being artists ; e. in Bradford and in 
Leeds, and afterwards at the R.A.M. 
under Sainton and Sauret. Made his 
debut as " boy-violinist/' and later at 
St. James's Hall in the R.A.M. 
orchestral concert in 1891, when he 
introduced the Goldmark Concerto 
to England. Mr. Cathie has made two 
provincial tours, in 1895-6, and was 
appointed professor at the R.A.M. 
in 1897. Mr. Cathie married Miss Lettie 
Speaight in 1895. His recreation is 
sketching in water-colours. Address : 
8 Birchwood Mansions, Muswell Hill, N. 
Agent : T. Arthur Russell, 13 Sackville 
Street, W. Telephone : 22 Hornsey. 

C AV AUEBI, Lena, operatic soprano ; 
b. at Rome 1874. Began career as 
singer at cafe-concerts, which she 
abandoned for lyric stage. Studied 
singing with Mme. Mariani Masi ; made 
her debut at Royal Theatre, Lisbon, as 
Nedda in " Pagliacci," 1900 ; after- 
wards sang as Mimi in " BohSme " at 
the San Carlo, Naples, and Violetta in 
"Traviata" at the Imperial Opera, 
Warsaw. In 1905 sang at B6ziers at 
the open-air classic theatre, and has 

since appeared at Covent Garden and 
at London Opera House in leading 
rdles. Address : 3 Rue Jean Goujon, 

CELLIEB, Franqois, composer and 
conductor ; of French extraction ; 
b. London, 1849, brother of the late 
Alfred Cellier, was for twenty years 
conductor and musical director at the 
Savoy Theatre, during the run of the 
famous series of Gilbert and Sullivan 
operas ; is now musical director of the 
D'Oyly Carte Company, which has 
successfully toured the United King- 
dom and South Africa ; composer of 
several operettas, including " Mrs. 
Jarramie's Genie " (written in con- 
junction with his late brother), " Cap- 
tain Bill " and " Old Sarah." A ddress : 
Belmont, Crane's Park, Kingston. 

CERNICOFF, Vladimir, pianist; b. 
2 May, 1882, in Paris, and e. at 
University of Paris and for music in 
Geneva, Malta and Berlin. Made his 
debut 17 Oct., 1905, playing a Mozart 
Concerto at Mulhausen, Germany. 
First London appearance Feb., 1908. 
Has since appeared in all principal 
English and continental cities. Fond 
of tennis and cycling. Address : 123 
Gloucester Road, S.W. Telephone: 
3838 Western. 

CHADWICE, George WWtefield, 

composer ; 6. Lowell, Mass., 13 Nov., 
1854 ; after receiving instruction from 
his brother on the piano, he went to 
Boston and studied the organ under 
Eugene Thayer ; in 1876 he was 
appointed director at the Olivet 
College, Michigan ; the following year 
he went to Leipzig, and studied at the 
Conservatoire under Reinecke; in 
1879 he proceeded to Munich and 
became a pupil of Rheinberger; his 
diploma overture, " Rip Van Winkle," 
was played at the Leipzig Conserva- 
toire, and subsequently in Boston ; on 
returning to his own country he became 
an organist at Boston and a professor 
at the New England Conservatoire of 
Music, of which he was appointed 
musical director in 1897 ; he has 
conducted musical festivals in his 
native state, and has also composed 
a number of important works, includ- 
ing symphonies, overtures, chamber 





music, choral compositions, operas 
and operettas. He composed a dra- 
matic overture, " Melpomene," per- 
formed by the Philharmonic Society, 
London, about 1888 and a Symphonic 
poem " Cleopatra " by the same society, 
Hon. LL.D. of Tuft's College, U.S.A. 
1907, and incidental music to "Every- 
woman," produced at Drury Lane, 
1912 ; is an Hon. M.A. of Yale and 
Professor of Music, Harvard Univer- 
sity. Address : New England Con- 
servatoire, Boston, U.S.A. 

CHAMNADE, Ceette, composer and 
pianist ; b. Paris, 8 Aug., 1861 ; 
showed marked musical ability at a 
very early age, her earliest composi- 
tions being achieved at the age of 
eight ; was greatly encouraged to 
enter musical profession by Bizet. 
First success came from some sacred 
pieces composed for performance at 
parish church of Le visinet. Learnt 
piano from Le Coupey, and theory 
from Aug. Savard, master of Saint- 
Saens and Massenet. Some years ago 
she visited England and America, 
giving recitals of her composition. 
She is popularly known by her songs, 
but she has also written several pieces 
for the orchestra, and composed a 
ballet, "Callirhoe," performed at 
Marseilles in 1888, and an opera, " La 
Sevillane," not yet produced ; she has 
also written some very charming piano 
pieces, notably " Serenade " (op. 29) 
and "Automne" (op. 35). Address: 
c/o Enoch & Sons, Great Marlboro* 

CHANDOS, Lloyd, tenor; e. at 
G.S.M. under Mr. Isidore de Solla, 
and afterwards studied opera and 
oratorio under Mr. (now Sir) Henry 
J. Wood, the conductor of the Queen's 
Hall Orchestra. As a Guildhall stu- 
dent, he sang Romeo in Gounod's 
opera at Drury Lane Theatre and in 
" Carmen " and " Pagliacci." He was 
also presented with a medal by the 
Worshipful Company of Musicians, Sir 
John Stainer making the presentation. 
He competed in the first Musical 
Trades Exhibition for tenor vocalist, 
and gained the first prize, a grand 
piano, Mme. Patti presenting the 
diploma. Was engaged by the Royal 
Choral Society to sing in the " Messiah" 

at the Albert Hall, and was engaged 
to sing at six of the Society's concerts 
during the following season. He has 
continued his connection with this 
Society ever since. Mr. Cnandos has 
sung all over the United Kingdom for 
all the most celebrated societies and 
festivals, as well as in the South African 
Musical Festival 1907, 1909 and 1912, 
and under the batons of the following 
conductors and composers : Sir Joseph 
Barnby, Dr. W. H. Cummings, Sir 
Edward Elgar, Sir Alex. Mackenzie, 
Sir August Manns, Dr. Hans Richter, 
Mr. Coleridge-Taylor, Sir Frederick 
Bridge, Sir Frederick Cowen, Mons. 
Lamoureux, Herr Felix Mottl, Sir 
Hubert Parry, Sir Villiers Stanford, 
Mr. George Riseley and Sir Henry J. 
Wood. Address : Belmont Lodge, 
Gunnersbury, W. 

CHAPPELL & Co., Ltd., music pub- 
lishers and pianoforte manufacturers, 
etc., founded in 1810 at 124 New Bond 
Street, by Samuel Chappell, J. B. 
Cramer, and F. T. Latour. In 1813 
Cramer retired, and the firm removed 
to the present premises in New Bond 
Street. In 1826, Latour withdrew, and 
in 1834 Samuel Chappell died, and the 
business was carried on by his widow 
and by William Chappell, his eldest son 
and Thos. Chappell, the next brother ; 
under the latter the famous Monday 
and Saturday Popular concerts were 
established, the direct responsibility 
being largely undertaken by S. Arthur 
Chappell, the youngest of the three 
brothers, under whose auspices they 
ran continuously from 1859 to 1901. 
The firm have, for nearly seventy years, 
been associated largely with the pro- 
duction of popular opera from Balfe's 
" Bohemian Girl " to Lionel Monck- 
ton's " Quaker Girl." They were also 
publishers of the memorable series of 
Savoy operas. In 1897 they became 
a limited liability company with Mr. 
Stanley Chappell as chairman. Address : 
50 New Bond Street. Telephone : May- 
fair 3940. Telegraphic address : 
" Symphony Wesdo, London." 

CHABPENTIER, Gustaye, composer ; 
fc. Dieuze, 25 June, 1860 ; began his 
musical education at Tourcoing, after- 
wards studying at the Lille Conserva- 
toire. Obtained municipal scholarship 





of 48 from town of Tourcoing to 
study at Paris Conservatoire, where 
he was a pupil of Massart for the 
violin and Massenet for composition ; 
in 1887 he won the Grand Prix 
de Rome, with "Didon," a scSne 
lyrique, subsequently wrote the orches- 
tral suite, " Impressions d'ltalie," a 
very beautiful symphonic work, also 
" La Vie du Poete " ; his other com- 
positions include a setting of Baude- 
laire's poems, " Fleurs du Mai," 
" Serenade a Watteau," " Impressions 
d'ltalie/' and the musical romance, 
" Louise," the last named being a 
composition, which has taken its 
place among modern classics. Charpen- 
tier also wrote the libretto of " Louise," 
and the work is altogether one of 
extraordinary and striking beauty. 
It was first produced in Paris in 1900. 
M. Charpentier is a Chevalier of the 
legion of honneur. 

CHABTEES, Vivien, violinist ; b. in 
Italy ; d. of John Chartres, barrister- 
at-law, and his wife Annie Vivanti, 
a well-known Italian poetess ; began 
her English studies under Sauret for 
a few months at the G.S.M. ; was 
taught in Prague by Professor Sevcik ; 
first appeared as solo violinist at the 
Philharmonic Concert at Prague, 11 
Jan., 1905, being then only nine 
years old; since then her principal 
engagements include a concert at 
Queen's Hall, 15 May, 1905 ; Royal 
Amateur Orchestral Society's Concert 
at Queen's Hall, 13 Feb., 1906, and 
concerts at the same hall on 27 Max., 
21 May, and 29 June, 1906. She 
appeared at the Patti Concert at the 
Albert Hall, 14 June, 1906, and gave 
nine concerts at Vienna during the 
same year, also playing in Berlin, Milan, 
Rome, and other continental cities 
with enormous success. She has 
played to King Edward, who kissed 
her and presented her with a brooch 
bearing his monogram. She also 
played by royal command in the 
English Church at Marienbad, in 
Stockholm to the Crown Prince of 
Sweden, in the Quirinal to the King 
and Queen of Italy, also to Queen 
Margherita, etc. Before her twelfth 
birthday composed many songs 
some of which were published by 

Ricordi. Is completing her education 
at West Heath School, Ham Common, 
Surrey. She speaks and writes four 
languages perfectly, viz., English, 
German, French, and Italian. Address : 
Fountain Court, The Temple, London, 
and Mardock Lodge, Hertfordshire, 
Telegraphic address : " Chartres, 86 
Temple, London." 

CHEYILLARD, Camille, composer, 
b. at Paris, 14 Oct., 1859 ; s. of well- 
known 'cellist Alex. CheviUard (Prof, 
at Paris Conservatoire) ; entered the 
Conservatoire as a piano pupil of 
George Mathias, and left in 1880 ; 
he never studied composition ; made 
his debut in 1882 as a composer of 
chamber music, performed at various 
concerts ; as a leader at the Lamoureux 
Concerts in 1887 he took part in the 
famous performance of " Lohengrin " 
and shortly afterwards married the 
daughter of the great French con- 
ductor ; in 1889 he assisted to 
found the "Societ6 de Fondation 
Beethoven," and in 1890 he became 
deputy-conductor to M. Lamoureux 
and composed his " Ballade Sym- 
phonique." The symphonic poem 
" Le ch^ne et le Roseau " followed 
in 1891, and the " Fantaisie " in 
1894; in 1897-8 he took the tem- 
porary charge of the concerts during 
the absence abroad of M. Lamoureux, 
and in 1899, upon the death of the 
latter, he became sole director. The 
orchestra has, under his direction, 
made several successful foreign tours, 
including visits to the United Kingdom. 
M. Chevillard was made chevalier 
of the Legion d'Honneur in 1893 ; 
principal compositions, other than 
those mentioned, include " Quintet " 
for piano and strings, 1882 ; " Sonata " 
for piano and violin ; four little pieces 
for piano and 'cello, " La Roussalka/' 
musical drama, performed at Nouveau 
The&tre, 1903, etc., etc. 

CffiONELL, Robt., composer and 
bass-baritone ; b. at Romsey, Hants, 
8 May, 1882. Studied at the R.C.M., 
where he gained an open scholarship, 
which he held for three years. Was 
then granted the Courtenay Scholar- 
ship for another year. His teachers 
were Gustave Garcia for singing and 





Sir Chas. Stanford for composition. 
Later he studied singing with Chas. W. 
Clark, whom he also assisted in his 
lessons (in London). He fought in the 
South African war with the 50th 
Company Hampshire Regiment. His 
principal tour has been with the 
Sheffield Choir, whom he accompanied 
round the world. He has composed a 
number of orchestral works, including 
two Tone-poems, Serenade Humor- 
esque, Concerto for violin and orchestra, 
Romance for violin and orchestra, 
two Scenes from the North Sea (Heine) 
for baritone and orchestra, etc., and 
an unpublished opera, " Romeo and 
Juliet," prelude to which was per- 
formed at Harrowgate Oct., 1912. 
Address : 23 Edwardes Square, Ken- 
sington, iW. 

CKLLDS, Ellen, chromatic harpist 
and vocalist ; b. at Hatfield ; d. of 
David T. Childs, architect; studied 
singing as a private pupil of Henry 
Blower ; a few years ago commenced 
to study the chromatic harp, which 
is now used so largely in many of the 
principal orchestras ; and is well 
known as a performer and teacher of 
this instrument. Address : 170 Bel- 
size Road, South Hampstead, N.W. 


pianiste; b. New Zealand; d. of 
Walter Dudley and his wife (nee de 
Lacy Pera) ; e. at Victoria, Australia, 
and prepared for musical profession by 
Madame Tasca and Alfred Plumpton ; 
m. the late David Christie Murray, 
author and journalist; made her 
debut, in 1882, at Town Hall, Mel- 
bourne, as pianist; has frequently 
played in London, at Bechstein, 
^Eolian, and Steinway Halls ; director 
of British Women Artistes' Society, 
founded 1909, under patronage of 
H.M. Queen Alexandra. Recreations : 
Reading and motoring. Address : 
c/o International Club, 22A Lower 
Regent Street, S.W. Clubs : Inter- 
national, Austral, Arts and Dramatic. 
Telephone : 3808 Gerrard. 

CLARE, Tom, pianist and enter- 
tainer ; comes of musical stock, and 
began his professional career at the 
age of eight as a member of the 

.Mohawk Minstrels, with which troupe 
his father was for many years associ- 
ated. During this time he was also a 
choir boy at the Italian Church, 
Hatton Garden, and subsequently he 
was connected in the same capacity 
with the Pro Cathedral, Kensington, 
and as solo boy at the Brompton 
Oratory, and the Guards' Chapel, 
Wellington Barracks. After some 
experience as a member of a Juvenile 
Opera Company, he turned his atten- 
tion to musical sketches, in which 
particular branch of entertainment 
he has since been exceptionally suc- 
cessful. His repertoire includes about 
fourteen musical sketches and fifty 
songs. * Agents : Ashton's. Address : 
16s Hyde Park Mansions, W. 
Telephone : 4406 Pad. 

CLARK, J. Moir, composer ; b. Aber- 
deen, 1863; studied at the R.A.M. 
under Ebenezer Prout and others ; 
compositions include a quintette for 
piano and strings, first performed in 
Dresden in 1892, and in England in 
the following year ; he has also written 
numerous pieces for the piano, a 
Scotch suite for orchestra, first per- 
formed at the Stock Exchange Orches- 
tral Society in 1895, and air with 
variations for piano, first played by 
Mss Dora Bright in 1889 ; he has also 
written a suite and other pieces for 
flute and piano, and a Polonaise for 
violin and piano, as well as numerous 

CLARK, W. Charles, baritone; 6. 
Van West, Ohio, U.S.A., 1865 ; e. at 
Chicago ; prepared for the musical 
profession under Frederick W. Root, 
Chicago, and in London under George 
Henschel and A. Randegger ; he first 
appeared at Chicago with the Theodore 
iSiomas Orchestra ; has been engaged 
in six tours of America, and was on 
tour there until June, 1912 ; also 
sang at the Birmingham Festival, 
Liverpool Philharmonic Concerts, 
1906 ; Halle Orchestra, five times ; 
Broadwood Concerts and Boosey 
Ballad Concerts ; and has given about 
thirty recitals in London ; sang with 
the London Symphony Orchestra; 
has lived in Paris for past ten 
years; first American to sing at 





National Conservatoire Concerts, for 
which, he has sung about fifteen times ; 
has made two tours in Italy, one in 
Germany, and has sung with the 
Colonne Orchestra, Paris. Address : 
12 Rue Leonard de Vinci, Paris. 
Telegraphic address : " Sweetwill, 
Paris.' 1 Agent: L. G. Sharpe, 61 
Regent Street, W. 

CLARKE, Algernon, conductor, 
composer and violinist ; b. Long 
Sutton, Lincolnshire, 1864 ; s. of 
John Algernon Clarke, organist and 
'cellist, and his wife Charlotte Winter, 
contralto; e. at Birmingham. Has 
conducted his own orchestra at the 
Albert Hall, 1902, Queen's Hall and 
St. James's Hall, 1903. Was conduc- 
tor at the Royal Pavilion, Ramsgate, 
season 1904 ; musical director Sheen 
House Club for five years ; conductor 
of Lord Walsingham's orchestra for 
four years, and the Empress Club 
Orchestra eight years ; also con- 
ducted at the Royalty, Wyndham's 
and other theatres ; established the 
London Orchestral Band, the Lon- 
don Civil-Military Band, the London 
Ladies' Orchestra, and the London 
Concert Orchestra, which was selected 
to play at the Imperial Coronation 
Bazaar on its opening by Queen 
Alexandra, 1902. Is a popular society 
bandmaster and has frequently played 
before royalty, including the late 
Queen. Is particularly fond of theat- 
rical] conducting, in which he has had 
large experience. Recreations : Motor- 
ing and gardening. Address : 28 
Lonsdale Road, Barnes, S.W. Tele- 
phone : 109 Putney. 

CLARKE, Cuthbert Edward, musical 
director and composer ; b. Hampstead, 
1869, his father, an artist by profession, 
being an amateur violinist; e. at 
Boulogne (France), Collegiate School, 
Camden Town, and Frith Street, Soho, 
and, for the musical profession, partly 
by his father and afterwards at the 
G.S.M. ; later studied privately under 
Herv6, Franck and Wenzel. Made his 
first professional appearance as a solo 
pianist at the Art Treasures Exhibi- 
tion, Folkestone, 1883-4, when he was 
associated with Mr. (now Sir) Henry J. 
Wood, with whom he played organ and 

piano duets. Was engaged at the open- 
ing of the Empire as a music-hall, then 
left to take direction of the orchestra (of 
fifty performers) at the Palace Theatre, 
Manchester. Composed a suite entitled 
" Forest Nymphs," which a critical 
Manchester audience received with 
favour. Later was engaged in a similar 
capacity at Theatre Royal, Manches- 
ter, then returned to London as 
sub-conductor at the Empire. On 
Mr. L. Wenzel's retirement became 
musical director, a post in which he 
has since become well known to 
Londoners. He has composed the 
music of many ballets, " High Jinks," 
"The Debutante," "Dancing Doll," 
and " Harvest Home," a vocal ballet 
performed all over the country by 
Mr. John Tiller's troupes. He has 
also composed and arranged music 
for the Revues " Come Inside," " Hello, 
London 1 " and " Everybody's Doing 
It." Mr. Clarke visited the States as 
musical director with Mr. Albert 
Chevalier's company. Has published 
several songs and pieces in America, 
also many musical monologues (Rey- 
nolds & Co.), recited by Mr. Bransby 
Williams. Mr. Clarke's tastes are 
eclectic ; he comes from an artistic 
family, numbering Mr. Albert Collings, 
a well-known artist, among its mem- 
bers ; he himself is passionately fond 
of pictures, and paints a little ; he 
is, besides, a cyclist, a rowing and 
sailing man, and a devotee of shooting, 
motoring and golf. Address : The 
Empire Theatre, W. 

CLARKE, Sir Ernest, Kt. ; cr. 1898 ; 
student of musical history and 
lecturer; b. Bury St. Edmunds, 
21 Feb., 1856; e. s. of late J. J. 
Clarke, Bury St. Edmunds ; m. 1880, 
Marguerite, 2nd d. of late James 
Prevost, Leghorn. Clerk in Medical 
Department Local Government Board, 
1872-81 ; Assistant Secretary, Share 
and Loan Department, Stock Exchange, 
1881-87 ; Secretary of Royal Agricul- 
tural Society of England, 1887-1905 ; 
Hon. M.A. Cambridge, 1894 (St. 
John's College). Lecturer on History 
and Economics of Agriculture at 
Cambridge University, 1896-99, Is 
F.S.A. and fellow of Linnean, Statis- 
tical, and other Societies ; President 





of Sette of Odd Volumes, 1898-99; 
Chairman Committee London Society 
of East Anglians, 1899-1900 ; Master 
of the Worshipful Company of Glovers, 
1904-5 ; Member of Worshipful Com- 
pany of Musicians ; sang in Coronation 
Choir, 1911 ; Chairman of Finance 
Committee Sunday Concert Society ; 
has lectured (with musical illustrations) 
on " May Day," " Songs that have 
made History," etc. ; Chairman of 
Committee, Folk Song Society. Recrea- 
tions : Books, music. Address : 31 
Tavistock Square, W.C. Telephone : 
6619 Gerrard. Telegraphic address : 
Brakelond, London. Club : Junior 

CLARKE, Robert Coningsby, song 
writer ; b. Woolwich, 17 Mar., 1879 ; 
s. of the late Colonel Clarke, R.A., 
C.M.G., Surveyor-General of Ceylon; 
e. at Marlborough and Trinity College, 
Oxford (B.A., 1902) ; was a private 
pupil of Sir Frederick Bridge, after 
leaving school and before going to 
Oxford, 1896-98 ; has written numer- 
ous songs, which are characterised by 
musicianly qualities, including " To 
Carnations," " A Birthday Song/' 
" Say not Good-bye," " Take your 
Lute and Sing," " A Bowl of Roses," 
" The Linnet," "Oh my Garden full 
of Roses," " Poppies for Forgetting," 
" Master and Man," " You'll get heaps 
o' lickin's," " A Dedication," " Betty's 
Way," "The Night and You," "A 
Sheaf of Little Songs" (3 vols.), 
" Songs of Summer," " The Perfect 
Tune " (song cycles), " Rustic Songs " 
(series), etc., published by Chappell. 
Recreations : Fishing, croquet, bridge, 
theatre-going. Address : 1 Swan 
Walk, Chelsea, S.W. Clubs: New 
University and Hurlingham. 

CLEGG, Edith, operatic contralto; 
b. London ; prepared for the musical 
profession at the G.S.M., under Her- 
man Klein, and in Paris with Bouhy, 
is a well-known vocalist at the Phil- 
harmonic Society Concerts ; the Leeds 
Choral Society, the Nottingham Choral 
Society, Gloucester and Bristol Festi- 
vals, and many other leading pro- 
vincial musical organisations ; has also 
appeared at the Royal Opera, Covent 
Garden, as Suzuki in Butterfly " 

and Maddalena in " Meistersinger," 
and has given successful song recitals 
in Germany ; created the part of 
Sophia in Liza Lehmann's opera, 
" The Vicar of Wakefield," in which 
she made her stage debut. Club : The 
New Century. Address : 7 Haverstock 
Hill, N.W. 

CLENCH, Nora, violinist; b. St. 
Mary's, Canada, where her father was 
a barrister; studied at Leipzig Con- 
servatorium, first appearing at a 
concert given in that city in 1886, 
which was followed by successful 
appearances at other concerts during 
the same year; a further period of 
study followed varied by occasional 
appearances at important concerts 
and her own recitals ; her first appear- 
ance in London was in 1896, at a 
concert given at the old Lyric Club 
in 1892 ; important concert and 
festival engagements succeeded, and 
she gave her first recital at the St. 
James's Hall in 1899 ; has since 
toured in Canada, the United States, 
Australia, and South Africa. Address : 
10 Hill Road, Abbey Road, N.W. 
Agent : Concert direction E. L. 
Robinson, 7 Wigmore Street, W. 

CLIPPE, Frederic, pianist and 
composer ; &. Low Moor, near Brad- 
ford, 2 May, 1857 ; developed marked 
musical ability at an early age, 
achieving considerable reputation as 
a pianist and organist ; in 1873, when 
only sixteen, he was appointed organist 
to the Bradford Festival Choral 
Society ; secured a scholarship at the 
National Training School for Music, 
1876 ; subsequently appeared as pia- 
nist and accompanist on tour, and at 
the Covent Garden Promenade Con- 
certs in 1882 ; on the opening of the 
R.C.M., in the following year, he was 
appointed a professor of the piano ; 
was organist to the Bach Choir at the 
Leeds Festival, also at the Italian 
Opera at Drury Lane, Her Majesty's 
and Covent Garden; his symphony 
in C Minor was produced at the 
Crystal Palace in 1889 ; the following 
year his orchestral picture, " Cloud and 
Sunshine," was produced by the Phil- 
harmonic Society; his second sym- 
phony entitled " A Summer Night," 



was first performed at the Leeds 
Festival in 1892, and his Violin Con- 
certo at the Norwich Festival in 1896. 
He has composed an "Ode to the 
North-East Wind " (Sheffield Festival, 
1905), and a large number of songs. 
Address : Royal College of Music, or 
The Hermitage, Porchester Gate, W. 
Telephone : 923 Park. 

CLIFFORD, Julian, composer, con- 
ductor, solo pianist; b. London, 
28 Sept., 1877 ; s. of Thos. Clifford, 
barrister-at-law ; e. at Tonbridge, 
Ardingly and Leipzig Conservatoire. 
He was also a pupil of Slivinski and 
Sir W. Parratt. Has played at ballad 
concerts, Queen's Hall promenade 
concerts, and many important pro- 
vincial halls, and also before Royalty, 
conductor of the Birmingham Sym- 
phony Orchestra, the Yorkshire Per- 
manent Orchestra, musical director 
to the Harrogate Corporation, and has 
conducted several other orchestras, 
including the London Symphony 
Orchestra. Agent: L. G. Sharpe. 
Address : Kursaal, Harrogate. Tele- 
phone No. : 531 Harrogate. Telegraphic 
address : " Clifford, Harrogate." 

CLIFFORD, Madame Julian (The 
Hon. Mrs. Julian Clifford) ; b. in 
London ; d. of Lord Henniker and 
Lady Alice Mary Cuffe. Lord Henni- 
ker for some time held the position 
of Governor of the Isle of Man. The 
Hon. Margaret Henniker studied for 
her profession in Paris under Madame 
Marches!, and in London under Miss 
Anna Williams, Mr. Albert Visetti, Mr. 
Henschel and Mr. (now Sir) H. J.Wood. 
She married Mr. Julian Clifford (q.v.), a 
well-known pianist, on 17 Dec., 1902. 
She has appeared at all the principal 
London and provincial concerts and 
festivals. She has sung before the 
Royal Family, and is founder of the 
Henniker Musical Competition (Suf- 
folk), and President of the Stowmarket 
Choral Society, and of the Isle of Man 
Ladies* Choir. Club : Park Gates, 15 
Grosvenor Crescent. Address : c/o 
Chappell, 50 Bond Street. Telephone : 
No. 531 Harrogate. Telegraphic address: 
" Clifford, Harrogate." 

CLIYE, Frederick Franklin, bass 
vocalist ; began to play the violin 



at nine years of age, and attained 
sufficient proficiency to be in constant 
request while still a boy, in theatre 
orchestras and concert rooms. At 
seventeen his parents decided to place 
him in business, and for nine years 
worked in a City office. In 1881 he 
won a bass Scholarship at Trinity 
College (London), where he studied 
with the late Signer Schira and after 
leaving, with Randegger, Novara and 
J. B. Welch. He then made music 
his profession, and in 1884 Mme. 
Patey engaged Him for an autumn 
tour, and he was re-engaged for her 
summer and autumn tours in 1885. 
In 1887 he made his debut upon 
the lyric stage in an opera entitled 
" Herne's Oak," which was performed 
for a season in Liverpool and Birming- 
ham. In 1889 and 1893 the late Col. 
Mapleson engaged him, for Italian 
Opera and concert tours, and he was 
constantly singing also at the Albert 
Hall, Queen's Hall, St. James's Hall, 
the Boosey Ballad Concerts, and in 
opera, oratorio and concerts in Lon- 
don and the provinces. In 1891 Sir 
Arthur Sullivan engaged him for the 
part of King Richard in " Ivanhoe " 
at the Royal English Opera House (now 
the Palace Theatre). Following this he 
was engaged with the Carl Rosa Com- 
pany to play four leading parts, viz., 
Pygmalion in Mass6e's " Galathe," 
Mephistopheles in Gounod's " Faust," 
Sergeant Sulpice in " The Daughter of 
the Regiment," and Count Arnheim in 
" The Bohemian Girl." For many 
years Mr. Clive continued to tour 
throughout the kingdom, but he 
eventually settled down in London as 
a concert and oratorio singer and 
teacher. He has a large number of 

Sapils both privately and at the 
.S.M. His principal recreation is 
golf, and he is upon the committee 
of the Savage Club. He married 
Miss Ethel Bevans, the well-known 
contralto singer, and has two children. 
Address: 66 Clifton Hill, St. John's 
Wood, N.W. Telephone No.: 3010 
P.O., Hampstead. 

CLUTSAM, 0. H., composer and 
musical critic ; &. in Sydney, New 
South Wales, in 1867 ; at four years 
old he studied the piano, and a little 





later on played throughout New Zea- 
land as a youthful prodigy. In 1890 
Mr. Clutsam, after touring in Aus- 
tralia, India, China, and Japan, came 
to London. Here he quickly made a 
name for himself, his services as an 
accompanist being largely in demand 
at musical gatherings, including the 
Saturday and Monday Popular Con- 
certs at St. James's Hall, Madame 
Melba's concerts, the Ballad Concerts, 
etc. He now devotes himself to com- 
position, and has published some 150 
songs and many pianoforte pieces. 
A cantata, the "Quest of Rapunzel," 
was produced by the Queen's Hall 
Choral Society in 1909. In 1910 Mr. 
Beecham produced the one-act opera, 
" A Summer Night," at His Majesty's 
Theatre and Covent Garden; another 
one-act opera, " After a Thousand 
Years," was produced at the Tivoli, 
and was followed by a fantastic memo- 
drame, " The Pool," at the Alhatnbra. 
His latest operatic work, " King Harle- 
quin," was produced with success in 
Berlin, Nov., 1912. He has been musi- 
cal critic on the Observer since 1908. 
Address : 63 Wellington Road, N.W. 

COATES, John, tenor ; b. at Girling- 
ton near Bradford ; e.s. of Richard 
and Elizabeth Coates ; he was taken 
into the choir of Girlington Church, 
of which his father was choirmaster, 
at the age of five, and a year later 
became a chorister at Rawdon Church. 
His earliest lessons in singing were given 
Mm by his parents. At the age of eight 
entered the Bradford Grammar School, 
and his musical training was continued 
by his uncle, the late J. G. Walton, 
choirmaster of St. Jude's Church, 
Bradford, where he was the leading 
treble chorister. He was also a member 
of the Bradford Grammar School 
Choral Society, of which he was 
principal treble soloist and leader. 
His father dying when young Coates 
was only twelve years old, he entered 
an office, but his youthful ambition 
was to be a singer, and his whole spare 
time was devoted to qualifying himself, 
especially in French, German, and 
Italian. As a young man he studied 
singing with the late R. S. Burton, 
conductor of the Bradford Festival 
Choral Society. On the death of 

Burton Mr. Coates continued his 
musical training under the succeeding 
conductor of the Bradford Society, 
Dr. J. C. Bridge, of Chester. During 
this .period he appeared semi-pro- 
fessionally in opera and concerts. In 
1890 he married Matilda, e.d. of the 
late John Hammond, Esq., and three 
years later he came to London, and 
took lessons from William Shakes- 
peare. He was given a trial by 
D'Oyly Carte, who engaged him to 
appear in " Utopia, Limited," at the 
Savoy, and to tour in America. Re- 
turning to England he was engaged 
for the next Savoy production, 
" Mirette," and meanwhile continued 
his vocal studies under Wallworth. 
Five years' work in comic opera all 
over the United Kingdom, and 
another six months in America, 
followed. In 1900 he created the part 
of Perkin Warbeck in "The Gay 
Pretenders " at the old Globe Theatre. 
The following season he was singing at 
the Royal Opera, Covent Garden, in 
such rdles as " Faust " and " Claudio " 
in Stanford's "Much Ado about 
Nothing." Continental engagements 
were offered to him, but he determined 
on a further course of study, and 
placed himself under Bouhy in Paris. 
After this he proceeded to Cologne, 
where he was heard by Julius Hofmann 
and was at once engaged for the lead- 
ing tenor parts in " Lohengrin " and 
Gounod's " Romeo et Juliette " and 
" Faust." His appearances created 
enthusiasm, and engagements in 
leading rdles at the Royal Opera 
House, Berlin, Hanover, Leipzig, etc., 
followed. Since then he has regularly 
appeared at most of the chief cities in 
Germany, taking the principal tenor 
rdles in " Lohengrin," " Romeo," 
" Carmen," " Marta," " Faust," 
"Fra Diavolo," and "Die Weisse 
Dame," which was specially revived 
for him after a lapse of nearly twenty 
years. He is equally popular in 
other German cities, where he is 
known as a singer of lieder as well as 
in opera and oratorio. His first festival 
engagement was at Leeds in 1901, 
since when he has sung at all the great 
English festivals. He sang all . the 
principal tenor parts at the Cincinnati 
Festival, in 1906, and his creation of 





the leading tenor parts in " The 
Kingdom," Granville Bantock's " Omar 
Khayyim," and Ethel Smyth's " The 
Wreckers," are the most recent among 
his musical achievements. In 1902, 
1909 and 1910 Mr. Coates sang at 
Covent Garden during the Moody- 
Manners, Carl Rosa and Beecham 
seasons, and in 1911 he went on a 
lengthy tour with the Quinlan Com- 
pany as principal tenor in South 
Africa and Australia. Recreations : 
Golf and gardening. Clubs : Old 
Bradfordians, Yorick and Savage. 
A ddress : 9M Hyde Park Mansions, 

COENEN, Wfflem, pianist and com- 
poser ; 6. at Rotterdam, 17 Nov., 
1837. First received musical instruc- 
tion at the age of seven from his sister 
Fien, an excellent pianist, and with 
the exception of a few hints from 
Thalberg and Ernst Lubeck, he had 
no further teaching. At fifteen years 
of age became organist of a Roman 
Catholic Church. Two years later 
sailed for Paramaribo, Surinam, in 
Dutch Guiana. Here he gave concerts 
and commenced making hi-s name as 
pianist and teacher. Later he again 
set out, travelling through North and 
South America as a pianist. The 
American Civil War then broke out, 
and Mr. Coenen got back to Europe 
and toured the principal towns. He 
arrived in London, 1862, and decided 
to remain, which he did until 1909, 
his piano recitals and tours gradually 
giving way to teaching. In 1870 Mr. 
Coenen began a series of Chamber 
Concerts at which the concerted music 
of Brahms was heard in London for 
the first time, a fact greatly appre- 
ciated by the famous composer. For 
many years he was a professor at the 
G.S.M., and finally resigned upon going 
to live in Lugano near a married 
daughter. Address : Villa Bice, 

COLE, Susanna 1 ; b. 15 Oct., 1830, 
at Tarrington, Herefordshire ; d. of late 
Mr. James Cole, organist and violinist ; 
*. privately and by Manuel Garcia 
for the musical profession. Made her 

1 Since this short biography was 
regret to learn that Madame Cole 
autumn of 19x2. 

nted, we 
i In the 

d&but in 1849 at Exeter Hall, and 
subsequently held many important 
posts as a vocalist in various R. C. 
church choirs, including that of choir- 
mistress at St. Raphael's, Surbiton, 
where the late Ed. Silas, a well-known 
composer and improvisateur, was 
organist, and where Ben Davies sang 
as an Academy Student. In 1861 Mme. 
Cole sang with many other famous 
artists, including Sims Reeves and 
Jenny Lind at a performance of 
Elijah. In 1870 she and her husband, 
the late Mr. Wm. Offord, formed a 
touring company for English opera 
which was successful for some time. 
In 1896 Mme. Cole was granted a sum 
of money from the Civil list by Mr. 
A. J. Balfour. 

COLLARD & COLLARD, pianoforte 
manufacturers, founded by Longman 
and Broderip in 17 at 13 Haymarket, 
and subsequently removed to 26 
Cheapside in 1760. Subsequently 
Frederick William Collar d, who was 
manager of the business, took into 
partnership the famous musician Muzio 
dementi in the year 1811. The latter 
withdrew from the firm in 1831, and 
the business was carried on by Frederick 
William Collard and his two nephews, 
Frederick William (the second) and 
Charles Lukey Collard. In 1859 
Frederick William (the first) died, and 
his namesake and nephew withdrew, 
leaving Charles Lukey sole proprietor. 
This gentleman eventually took his 
four sons into partnership. His death 
occurred in 1891, since when the 
management has devolved upon the 
present head, Mr. John dementi 
Collard, fourth son of C. L. Collard. 
In 1896 the business of Kirkman was 
amalgamated with Collard's. Mr. J. C. 
Collard is Past Master and Treasurer 
of the Worshipful Company of Musi- 
cians, a post held by his family for 
nearly 100 years, and is grand Deacon 
in Freemasonry. The business is 
carried on at Oval Road, Regent's 
Park, N.W. Private address : 25 
Hamilton Terrace, N.W. Telephone 
No>. of firm : 3535 North. 

COLLINGBOURNE, Florence, vocal- 
ist ; b. London ; her parents died 
at an early age; brought up by 
guardians; in 1887 Mr. George 




Edwardes engaged her for chorus at 
Daly's ; her first chance came when 
Letty Lind was indisposed, and she 
took her part in " The Geisha " ; 
after that she got an opportunity in 
" The Topsy-Turvy Hotel " at the 
Comedy, 1899, when she played a 
leading part ; when Miss Marie 
Tempest suddenly refused the title- 
rdle, she was given the principal part 
of San Toy, and played it with com- 
plete success ; has since married and 
occasionally sings at London concerts. 

COLLINSON, Thomas Henry, organ- 
ist, composer and conductor ; b. 
Alnwick, 24 April, 1858; was a 
chorister at Durham Cathedral, where 
he studied the organ under Dr. Armes 
and subsequently acted as deputy 
organist; proceeded to Oxford and 
took the degree of Mus.Bac. ; organist 
of St. Oswald's, Durham, 1877; 
appointed organist of St. Mary's 
Cathedral, Edinburgh, 1878; con- 
ductor of the Edinburgh Choral 
Union since 1883; organist at the 
Edinburgh Exhibition, 1886 ; lecturer 
on church music at the Episcopal 
Theological College, Edinburgh; has 
composed and published anthems and 
church services. Address : 5 Porfc- 
gower Place, Edinburgh. 

CONLY, Mary, soprano ; b. Fitzroy, 
Melbourne, Australia; d. of James 
Conly, schoolmaster ; m. 1900 to John 
Jarrett ; e. at her father's school at 
Melbourne ; prepared for the musical 
profession by Madame Boema, of Mel- 
bourne, and first appeared as solo vocal- 
ist at the Melbourne Town Hall, with 
the Royal Metropolitan Liedertafel, 
1898. Her principal engagements in- 
clude London Ballad Concerts, Queen's 
Hall Promenade Concerts, concerts 
at the Albert Hall, Queen's Hall, late 
St. James's Hall, and Crystal Palace ; 
has also sung as solo soprano with the 
Liverpool Philharmonic Society, the 
Leeds Choral Union, Manchester and 
Worcester Orchestral Concerts, Chel- 
tenham Philharmonic, Exeter, Belfast 
Philharmonic, Dublin; Isle of Man 
Festival ; Hereford, Huddersfield, 
Bradford, Manchester, and Birming- 
ham Festivals. She was Gold Medallist 
Queen's Festival, Melbourne Town 

Hall, and also sang the soprano part 
in Berlioz's " Faust " at its first per- 
formance in Melbourne. Agent : 
N. Vert, 6 Cork Street, W. Club : 
The Austral, London. Address : 
74 Morshead Mansions, Maida Vale, 
London, W., and Koonung, Ivanhoe 
Park, Ivanhoe, Melbourne, Victoria, 

COOKE, Arthur, pianist; 6. West 
Bromwich, 18 Oct., 1879; s. of 
Arthur William Cooke and his wife 
Ellen Eliza Wake; is a direct des- 
cendant of Hereward the Wake on his 
mother's side ; e. Wesleyan School, 
West Bromwich ; received his musical 
education under Walter Humphries, 
of Carr's Lane Chapel, and Percy 
Stranders of Birmingham; first ap- 
peared as a solo pianist at a concert 
in West Bromwich, 1894 ; has since 
been engaged at the Queen's Hall 
Promenade Concerts, 1905-12, and 
Symphony Concerts, Feb., 1913, in 
Scriabine's " Prometheus " (first per- 
formance in England) ; played Delius 
Pianoforte Concerto (Philharmonic) 
and at Palladium, London, 1911, 
with Beecham Orchestra ; Halford 
Concerts, Birmingham, 1907; toured 
with the late Belle Cole, Alice Gomez, 
Marian Mackenzie, Zacharewitsch, 
William Henley, and John Dunn ; his 
compositions include a suite for 
strings, pianoforte trio, pianoforte 
and violin sonata, cantata, " The 
Fountain of Tears," and numerous 
songs. Conducted his own suite at 
Birmingham, 1906, and " Fountain 
of Tears" (Dec., 1912), by Festival 
Choral Society; has also sung as 
a tenor vocalist in a Song Cycle at 
Paisley in the place of Charles Chilley, 
also appearing as solo pianist at the 
same concert. Recreations : Football 
and billiards. Is a member of the 
Incorporated Society of Musicians. 
Address : Dunstable Cottage, Victoria 
Street, West Bromwich. 

COOKE, William Waddington, pia- 
nist and composer ; b. at West Keel, 
Lincolnshire, 1868; e. privately. In 
1883 won a scholarship at the 
K.C.M, where he remained till 
1888. Later he studied under 
Leschetitzky in Vienna; his first 





public appearance was in Mar., 1900, 
at the Crystal Palace, when he played 
a Grieg concerto with the orchestra 
under August Manns. In May, 1901, 
he gave a recital at St. James's Hall. 
Teaches at the G.S.M. and examines 
for the Associated Board. He has 
completed a light opera, and has 
written some highly successful songs. 
He married Medora Henson, the well- 
known soprano singer, in 1893. Member 
of Arts Club. Address : 54 Bedford 
Court Mansions, W.C. Telephone : 
10585 Central. 

COPELAND, Fanny, soprano and 
pianist ; d. of late Prof. Ralph Cope- 
land, Astronomer Royal for Scotland. 
Entered the K.K. Hochschule, Berlin 
at 16 years of age, and afterwards 
trained in private both as pianist 
and singer in Berlin ; made her debut 
in Prof. Nieck's concerto in Edinburgh, 
as a dramatic soprano. Is an experi- 
enced lieder singer and makes a 
speciality of Scotch songs. Has toured 
in France, United States and Canada. 
Telephone : 6179 Pad. Address : 36 
Dorset Sq., W. 

COPLAND, Charles, baritone vocalist 
and professor of singing ; b. at Bright- 
lingsea, Essex ; s. of James C. Copland, 
doctor of medicine; m. Lilla David, 
1895. Prepared for the musical 
profession at the R.A.M. under F. 
Walker ; was also with Eugene Oudin 
and studied abroad. Made first appear- 
ance at the Promenade Concerts, 
Covent Garden. His principal engage- 
ments include concerts of the Royal 
Choral Society at the Albert Hall, 
1895-6; London Ballad Concerts, 
Queen's Hall, 1897-8 ; Mottl-Wagner 
Concerts, Crystal Palace Orchestral 
Concerts, Liverpool Philharmonic Con- 
certs, Highbury Philharmonic, Brad- 
ford, Glasgow, Huddersfield, etc. Was 
specially engaged to create the part 
of Isaac of York in " Ivanhoe," Royal 
English Opera House, 1891 ; Roland 
in " The Basoche " the same year, and 
the only male part in " Hansel and 
Gretel," 1894. Has toured with 
Madame Albani and Madame Ella 
Russell, and frequently with Madame 
Clara Butt. Had the honour of sing- 
ing to his late Majesty King Edward 

and Queen Alexandra, and their present 
Majesties. Was elected a professor 
of the R.A.M. in 1897, and still teaches 
there. He studied elocution under the 
late Walter Lacey and J. Millard, and 
has achieved considerable success as 
a reciter in private circles. Address : 
77 Broadhurst Gardens, Hampstead. 
Telephone: 2113 P.O. Hampstead. 

COBDEB, Frederick, composer, 
teacher and journalist, F. R.A.M. ; b. 
London, 26 Jan., 1852 ; s. of Micah 
Corder, merchant and amateur musi- 
cian, and Charlotte Corder, amateur 
pianist ; e. at Blackheath Proprietary 
School ; m. Henrietta Louisa Walford ; 
was prepared for the musical profes- 
sion at the R.A.M. (Mendelssohn 
Scholar, 1875-9) and Cologne Conserva- 
toire. First appeared at the Brighton 
Aquarium as orchestral conductor, 
1880 ; was occupied as journalist and 
critic on musical and other papers 
from 1880 to 1886 ; engaged in operatic 
composition, 1886-7, and teacher of 
composition and the piano from 1888 
to the present day. Has been Curator 
of the R.A.M. since 1890. He wrote 
important choral works for the Wolver- 
hampton Festival, 1886, and Leeds 
Festival, 1889. His opera, " Nordisa," 
was produced by the Carl Rosa Com- 
pany in 1887, and he has also com- 
posed numerous works for the orchestra 
as well as songs and other compositions, 
among which a motet in fifty parts 
for female voices should be mentioned. 
He wrote the English versions of 
Wagner's operas, published 1880-2. 
Is an ardent book collector, a devotee 
of chess, and is interested in most 
things save politics and sport. He 
founded the Society of British Com- 
posers in 1905, and the publishing 
firm of Charles Avison, 1906. His 
son Paul follows the profession of 
his father. Address : 13 Albion 
Road, South Hampstead, N.W., and 

COBDEB, Paul W., composer and 
teacher, A.R.A.M. ; 6. in London, 
Dec., 1879; the son of Frederick 
Corder (q.v.). Received his musical 
education at the R.A.M. Composed 
opera, " Grettir the Strong " (1901) ; 
"The Moon Slave/' a terpsichorean 





fantasia (1902) ; " Dross," a word- 
less music-drama (1905) ; overture, 
" Cyrano de Bergerac " (1903) ; or- 
chestral fantasia, "Morar" (1906), 
"The Dryad" ballet, 1908, and 
numerous similar works chiefly for 
piano. Appointed professor of har- 
mony and composition at R.A.M., in 
1907. Address : 13 Albion Road, 
South Hampstead, N.W. 

CORNELIUS, Peter, operatic tenor ; 
b. Copenhagen in 1870, and began 
study of his profession in native city. 
Was first trained as a baritone but 
ultimately became tenor, continuing 
his musical education in Paris and 
finally in Berlin, where he learnt under 
Herman Spiro. He made an early 
operatic appearance on 22 May, 1892, 
but eight years later, in 1900, made 
debut as Siegmund in Copenhagen, 
and then as Siegfried. In 1906 sang 
at Bayreuth Festival, under Richter. 
In 1907 played Siegmund and Lohen- 
grin at Covent Garden, and in 1908 
took part of Siegfried in production of 
" The Ring " in English. Has also sung 
Walther in " Meistersingers," " Tann- 
hauser," " Tristan," " Lohengrin," 
and other great Wagnerian rdles. In 
June, 1910 married Gudrun Lund, and 
in 1912 sang both Siegfrieds in English 
at Bristol Festival. He is perma- 
nently engaged at the Royal Opera, 
Copenhagen, but has given several 
" guest-performances " in Germany, 
Norway and Sweden. Is chamber 
singer to King of Denmark, and a 
Knight of the Order of Danebrog. 
Hobby : Horse-breeding. Agent : 
Schulz-Curtius, 44 Regent Street, W. 
Private address : " Mon Port," Snek- 
kersten, Denmark. Telegraphic address: 
Peter Cornelius, Copenhagen. 

CORRI, Mile. Ghita (Mrs. Neville 
Lynn), operatic and concert vocalist ; 
b. Edinburgh; d. of Henry Com 
(leading baritone at Covent Garden, 
and founder of Corn's Opera Company, 
which opened up the provinces for 
grand opera before Carl Rosa and 
similar companies were started), and 
Mdme. Ida Gillies Corn ; e. privately ; 
m. Richard Neville Lynn, author and 
dramatist, 28 June, 1899; prepared 
for stage by parents, on tour with 
their own company, and on the 

Continent; first appeared at Crystal 
Palace when seventeen, as operatic 
and ballad vocalist ; joined Carl Rosa 
Company, and first appeared in London 
as Marguerite in "Faust," 10 April, 
1899; has toured or appeared with 
Sir Charles Halle, Foli, Joachim, 
Hollman, Janotha, etc. ; was accom- 
panied by PaderewsM at Crystal 
Palace in " Let the Bright Seraphim " ; 
especially engaged by Charles Morton 
to sing her own song, " Coronation," 
at Palace Theatre during Coronation 
week, 1902; in 1908 toured with 
great success throughout France and 
Spain; composer of "The Land of 
Light," " Love Dreams," " Say Yes," 
" Have Faith," and several other 
published songs ; has a repertoire 
of thirty-five operas in Italian, French, 
German and English. Recreation : 
Etching, painting and composing songs 
and pianoforte music. Address : 
Thornleigh, Wealdstone, Middlesex. 

COULDERY, Claudius H., composer 
and pianist ; b. at Lewisham, 17 Aug., 
1842, his father, Mr. R. H. Couldery, 
being a landscape painter and amateur 
musician, amongst his works being 
twelve etudes published in Germany 
and England by Messrs. Schott & 
Co. ; e. for the musical profession at 
the R.A.M. under Bennett, Goss, 
Goldschmidt, Cusins, etc. Is an 
A.R.A.M. and professor at the G.S.M. 
Her Majesty Queen Alexandra gra- 
ciously accepted, in June, 1906, the 
original MS. of cantata for female 
voices, entitled " The Building of the 
Ship." Chief works : sacred cantatas, 
" Christ's Entry into Jerusalem," and 
" The Penitence and Praise of David " ; 
patriotic cantata, " For Valour " ; 
a series of three cantatas for female 
voices (1) " The Building of the 
Ship," (2) "Carmen Puellis," (3) 
" A Pageant of Queens " ; Concert 
Overture in F, performed at the 
Crystal Palace, 14 Feb., 1885; over- 
ture, " To the Memory of a Hero," 
performed at same, 8 Feb., 1890; 
A Romance in A fiat at same concerts, 
and a Cradle Song performed at the 
Palace, 18 Nov., 1893, and again 
2 Nov., 1895 ; an Andante Religiose 
for organ, harp and orchestra, also 
performed at the Palace; a Trumpet 

4 (2141) 





and Organ Fantasia on Saturday, 
15 Oct., 1898, also at Palace Concerts ; 
besides numerous pianoforte compo- 
sitions. Address: 115 Manor Road, 
Brockley, S.E. 

COWARD, Henry, conductor; b. 
Liverpool, 26 Nov., 1849 ; was appren- 
ticed to the cutlery business, taking 
several prizes as a superior craftsman ; 
spare time was devoted to music, and 
in his twenty-second year gave up his 
trade and became a schoolmaster and 
choir-trainer; when approaching his 
fortieth year he decided to devote him- 
self exclusively to music, having become 
exceedingly successful as a conductor 
of choral societies in Sheffield and 
neighbourhood. On abandoning his 
scholastic career he proceeded to the 
University of Oxford and took the 
degree of Mus.Bac., securing that of 
Mus.Doc. five years later ; among the 
positions he occupies are lecturer on 
music at Sheffield University; con- 
ductor of the Sheffield Musical Union, 
Leeds Choral Union, Huddersfield 
Festival Choral Society, Newcastle and 
Gateshead Choral Society, music- 
master at the Sheffield Collegiate Hall, 
Girls' High School, and conductor of 
various musical Festivals ; he has been 
an industrious composer, his works 
including a cantata, " Magna Charta," 
first produced at Sheffield in 1882; 
" Queen Victoria," 1885 ; " The Story 
of Bethany," 1891 ; " The King's 
Error," first performed at the Tonic 
Festival at the Crystal Palace; 
"Heroes of Faith," Sheffield, 1895; 
and numerous anthems, Sunday-school 
songs, school songs, glees, hymns, etc. 
He has just completed a tour of the 
world with 200 of his chorus, including 
successful visits to Germany and 
France. Address : Sunnybank, Sheffield. 

COWARD, James Munro, organist 
and composer; s. of the late James 
Coward, organist ; is chiefly known to 
the public through his association with 
the Mustel organ, on which he has 
given recitals at the Inventions Exhi- 
bition and all over London and the 
provinces ; among his compositions 
is a cantata " The Fishers," produced 
in London in 1889, and a Jubilee 
Hymn, for chorus and military band, 
performed at the Crystal Palace in 

1897; has also composed a large 
number of pieces for the American 
and Mustel organs ; editor of The 
American Organ Journal. 

CO WEN, Frederic Hymen, composer 
and conductor ; b. Kingston, Jamaica, 
29 Jan., 1852 ; s. of Frederick Augus- 
tus Cowen, secretary to the late Earl 
of Dudley, formerly treasurer to E. T. 
Smith and Mapleson, and afterwards 
to Mapleson and Gye at Drury Lane. 
When he was eight, he composed an 
opera, " Garibaldi," which was per- 
formed privately. The Earl of Dudley, 
a friend of his father, had him placed 
under Sir Julius Benedict and Sir John 
Goss, with whom he remained until 
1 865 . Made his first public appearance 
when eleven years old, giving a piano- 
forte recital, and including in his 
programme pieces by Bach, Mendels- 
sohn and his master Benedict's brilliant 
" Erin " fantasia. He next devoted 
himself to the study of the organ with 
Goss and the violin with Carrodus. 
In 1864 a trio which he had written 
for violin, 'cello and piano was per- 
formed at a concert at Dudley House 
by Joachim, Katti and himself. In 
1865 he went to Leipzig and entered 
the Conservatoire, studying the piano 
with Moscheles, harmony and counter- 
point with Moritz Hauptmann and 
composition with Reinecke. He was 
recalled to England in 1866, and gave 
concerts at Dudley House and played 
at Benedict's annual concert. The next 
year he entered Stern's Conservatoire 
at Berlin, studying composition under 
Kiel, and at lie same time devoting 
himself to original composition. After 
one year in Berlin he once more re- 
turned to London, and his first piano- 
forte concerto and his earliest sym- 
phony were performed at the St. 
James's Hall in Dec., 1869. His first 
important choral work, " The Rose 
Maiden," was successfully produced 
when he was eighteen, and is still a 
popular work with musical societies. 
In 1871 he was appointed by the late 
Colonel Mapleson pianist and accom- . 
panist to the Italian Opera, and among 
his most important compositions was 
a symphony, which he was commis- 
sioned to write by the Liverpool Phil- 
harmonic Society, also an overture for 





the Norwich Festival. In 1873 he visited 
Italy, with a view to the composition 
of an opera on " The Lady of Lyons." 
In 1876 he lost his father, and in the 
same year he wrote a cantata, " The 
Corsair/' on Byron's poem, for the 
Birmingham Festival, while his opera 
" Pauline " was produced at the 
Lyceum Theatre by Carl Rosa in 
Nov., 1876. In 1878 he journeyed 
through the United States for the 
benefit of his health, after which he 
wrote his famous " Scandinavian 
Symphony," first performed at the 
close of 1880. The following year he 
wrote the cantata " St. Ursula " for 
the Norwich Festival. In 1882 he 
went to Vienna to be present at the 
first performance under Richter of 
his " Scandinavian Symphony," its 
reception there and at Stuttgart 
confirming its English reputation. His 
" Welsh Symphony " was composed 
and performed by the Philharmonic 
Society in 1884, after which came 
" The Sleeping Beauty," Birmingham 
Festival, 1885, and the oratorio 
" Ruth," Worcester, 1887. The recep- 
tion in ParisVrf "The Sleeping Beauty," 
conducted 'by the composer, was 
enthusiastic. In 1887 his Symphony 
No. 5 in F was first performed by the 
Cambridge University Musical Society, 
and subsequently played in London 
under Richter. The following year he 
succeeded Sir Arthur Sullivan as 
conductor of the Philharmonic Con- 
certs, holding the post until 1892, 
when he resigned. He was re-appointed 
in 1900 and held the post till 1907. 
In 1888 he offered himself as Principal 
of the R.A.M., but withdrew his can- 
didature on receiving the offer to act 
as conductor of the concerts at the 
Melbourne Centennial Exhibition at 
a fee of ^5,000, an offer which he 
accepted. He returned to England in 
time to conduct the second Philhar- 
monic concert in 1889, and soon after 
composed the cantata " St. John's 
Eve," which was produced at the 
Crystal Palace the same year. His 
opera " Thorgrim " was written for 
and produced by the Carl Rosa 
Company in 1890, and his next opera, 
"Signa," was commissioned for the 
Royal English Opera House, but was 
not produced there owing to the 

premature collapse of the scheme. It 
was subsequently first produced in 
Milan in 1893 and, after careful 
revision, at Covent Garden the next 
year. One more opera, " Harold," the 
libretto of which was written by 
Sir Edward Malet, was also produced 
at Covent Garden in 1895. His sub- 
sequent principal compositions are 
" The Transfiguration," sacred can- 
tata, Gloucester, 1895 ; "In Fairy- 
land," Suite de Ballet, 1896 ; " Four 
Old English Dances," 1896 ; " Idyllic 
Symphony " (No. 6) ; " Dream of 
Endymion," scena for tenor, 1897 ; 
" Concertstuck," for pianoforte and 
orchestra ; " Ode to the Passions," 
Leeds Festival, 1898; "The Butter- 
flies' Ball," overture, 1900 ; " Phan- 
tasy of Life and Love," for orchestra, 
1901 ; " Coronation Ode " and 
" Coronation March," 1902 ; " Indian 
Rhapsody," for orchestra, 1903 ; 
" John Gilpin," cantata, Cardiff Fes- 
tival, 1904; "Four Old English 
Dances" (2nd set), 1905, and an 
oratorio "The Veil" (Cardiff, 1910). 
He has composed about 300 songs, 
many of which have achieved extra- 
ordinary popularity, such as " It was 
a Dream," " The Better Land," " The 
Promise of Life," " Because." He has 
received the degree of Mus.Doc. 
(honoris causa) from the Universities of 
Cambridge and Edinburgh. In 1896 
he went to Manchester as successor to 
Sir Charles Halle, occupying the post for 
three seasons. He was at the same 
time conductor of the Liverpool Phil- 
harmonic Society and the Bradford 
Festival Choral Society, and in 1900 
he was appointed to the control of the 
Scottish Orchestra of Edinburgh and 
Glasgow, resigning in 1910. He was 
conductor of the Cardiff Festival in 
1902, 1904, 1907, and 1910, and 
conducted the famous Handel Fes- 
tivals at the Crystal Palace in 1903, 
1906, 1909 and 1912, proving himself a 
worthy successor to Costa and Manns. 
He received the honour of knighthood 
in 1911, and is married to Miss 
Frederica Richardson. Club : The 
Arts. Address : 54 Hamilton Terrace, 

COX, Bessie, teacher of singing; 
b. in St. Mary Axe, in the City of 





London, in which her father, Mr. John 
Cox, for many years held a position 
as a member of the City Corporation. 
He is well remembered as one of the 
most persistent advocates of the 
claims of music to be recognised by 
the establishment of a teaching school 
in the City. His efforts, and those of 
Mr. Bath and others, resulted in the 
foundation of the G.S.M., in which 
his daughter is now one of the foremost 
professors. She was educated at the 
National Training School of Music and 
studied with Mr. Albert Visetti, the 
late J. B. Welch, and others. Among 
her own well-known pupils have been 
Madame Marie Brema, Mrs. Tobias 
Matthay, Beatrice Spencer, Florence 
Oliver, Lucie Johnstone, and the Hon. 
Margaret Henniker (Mrs. Julian Clif- 
ford). Two of her ex-pupils are doing 
good work abroad Mr. Bernard 
Streathfeild, in Capetown, and Miss 
Dyer-Knight in America. Address : 
Bechstein Studios, and G.S.M. 

CRABB, Aimand, baritone ; b. in 
Brussels in 1883 ; was originally en- 
gaged in a piano-factory and by the 
assistance of friends received musical 
education at the St. Gilles Conserva- 
toire, where he gained a Government 
scholarship for Ms singing. Received 
his first engagement at the Brussels 
Opera House. Has since sung at the 
Theatre de la Monnaie, Brussels, and 
in New York. First appeared at 
Covent Garden in 1906 in the revival 
of Gluck's "Armide" and the 
" Jongleur." 

CRESER, William, composer and 
conductor; b. York, 9 Sept., 1844, 
his father being choirmaster at St. 
John's Church ; he joined the Minster 
choir, subsequently studying under 
Sir George Macfarren; in 1859 he 
was appointed organist at Holy Trinity 
Church, Micklegate, and in 1863 of 
St. Andrew's, Grinton; in 1869 he 
proceeded to Oxford and took the 
degree of Mus.Bac., graduating Mus. 
Doc. in 1880 ; in 1881 he was appoin- 
ted organist of the Parish Church, 
Leeds, where he organised perform- 
ances of Bach's " Passion " and other 
works; in 1891 was appointed 
organist of the Chapel Royal, St. 

James's, and composer to the Chapels 
Royal, holding these positions until 
1902. His compositions include nu- 
merous oratorios, some of which have 
been successfully performed, including 
" The Sacrifice of Freia," first produced 
at the Leeds Festival, 1889 ; an " Old 
English Suite " for orchestra, first 
performed at the Queen's Hall, 1896 ; 
he has also written a quantity of cham- 
ber music, including a quartet for 
strings, a trio for pianoforte and 
strings, a sonata for piano and violin, 
and organ pieces ; is an F.R.C.O. and 
Associate of the Philharmonic Society. 
Address: 62 Chichele Road, Crickle- 
wood, N.W. 

CEINOS, Polyrena (Miss Carati), 
guitarist; b. in Ireland, her parents 
(Anglo-Greek) not being in the musical 
profession. Miss Crinos's mother was a 
Miss Carpenter, and a second cousin of 
the famous Bishop of Ripon. Educated 
at Constantinople, and trained for the 
stage by Miss Sarah Thorne, under 
whose auspices she made her first 
appearance at Margate. Miss Crinos 
was trained as a guitarist by Mr. 
Guniewicz, a remarkably fine player. 
Her experiences have been many and 
varied, including the terrible one of an 
earthquake in Constantinople, which 
destroyed the house and many of her 
papers and beautiful instruments. 
She is a professor at the G.S.M. 
Address: 28 Collingham Place, 
South Kensington. Telephone : 3067 

CROAGER, Edward George, organist 
and conductor ; b. London, 20 June, 
1861 ; was a chorister at St. Andrew's, 
Wells Street; he afterwards proceeded 
to the R.A.M., of which he is an 
Associate ; assistant organist at St. 
Andrew's and subsequently organist 
and choirmaster at Quebec Chapel ; 
St. Mark's, North Audley Street ; St. 
James's, West Hampstead ; and St. 
Paul's Church, Hampstead, which post 
he still holds ; for some years con- 
ductor of the West Hampstead Choral 
and Orchestral Society ; London Dio- 
cesan Choral Union and organist to 
the London Handel Society ; conductor 
of the Amersham and Chesham Choral 
Societies ; has composed a number of 




anthems, hymn tunes, etc., and a 
patriotic cantata, " Our Watchword," 
performed by the West Hampstead 
Choral and Orchestral Society in 1888. 
Address : Flint Cottage, Amersham 

CROOK, John, composer and con- 
ductor ; was for many years engaged 
as a conductor at Manchester, where 
he was discovered by the late H. B. 
Farnie, who brought him to town to 
conduct some of his light operatic pro- 
ductions ; was then taken by Augustus 
Harris to Drury Lane ; migrated as 
conductor to Adelphi, from which he 
went to Vaudeville ; was engaged by 
Charles Frohman as conductor at Duke 
of York's, where he has since remained ; 
composer of numerous musical pieces 
and operas produced in London, 
including "Lancelot the Lovely," 
Avenue ; " Jaunty Jane Shore," 
Strand ; " Claude Duval," Prince of 
Wales's ; " Don Quixote," Lyric and 
Strand ; " Venus " and " Orpheus " 
for Sir Augustus Harris ; " Quits," 
" Lady Slavey " and " New Barmaid," 
Avenue ; " King Kodak " (part com- 
poser), Terry's; "Young Recruit" 
(part composer), Brighton ; and " Sage 
and Onions " and " King's Dragoons," 
Manchester; composer of a large 
number of songs ; wrote incidental 
music to " Peter Pan " and to J. M. 
Barrie's wordless play, " Pantaloon," 
produced at Duke of York's, 1905, and 
twice played by command before the 
late King Edward and Queen Alex- 
andra during the same month. 
Address: Duke of York's Theatre. 
Club : Green Room. 

CROSSLEY, Ada, contralto; 5. 
Tarraville, S. Gippsland, Victoria, 
Australia; d. of Edwards Wallis 
Crossley, by his wife Harriette, a 
member of the poet Cowper's family, 
niece of John T. Crossley, Q.C. ; 
e. at Port Albert, South Gippsland; 
m. Francis F. Muecke, F.R.C.3., s. of 
Hon. H. C. E. Muecke, of Adelaide, 
South Australia; commenced her 
musical studies in Melbourne under 
Madame Fanny Simonsen (singing) and 
Signor Zelman (piano and harmony), 
1892-3 ; first public appearance Mel- 
bourne Philharmonic Society, 1892; 

in 1893 she frequently sang in Mel- 
bourne, creating a great impression ; 
coming to Europe in 1894, she placed 
herself under the instruction of Ma- 
dame Mathilde Marchesi, and in 
London she received training in 
oratorio from Sir Charles Santley; 
made her London debwt at the Queen's 
Hall, 1895, and has since appeared at 
every great Festival in the Empire ; 
she made no less than five command 
appearances in two years before her 
late Majesty, Queen Victoria ; she 
has also toured South Africa and the 
United States, and made a triumphal 
progress through Australia on her 
return to the colonies. Her principal 
recreations are riding and driving, and 
she has also strong literary tastes. 
Address : Durham House, Langford 
Place, N.W. All agents. Telephone : 
4409 Paddington. 

CROTTY, Leslie, baritone ; b. Gal- 
way, 1853 ; was for some years in a 
bank in Dublin, where he studied 
music and singing under Alessandro 
Cellini ; occasionally assisted the Carl 
Rosa Opera Company when they 
visited Dublin, and on the advice of 
Carl Rosa went to Florence and studied 
singing under Mabellini ; on his 
return in 1877 he joined the Carl Rosa 
Opera Company, with which he re- 
mained for over ten years, playing 
leading baritone parts in the repertoire ; 
in 1889 he appeared in Italian Opera 
at Covent Garden as the Count in 
" II Trovatore " ; in 1882 he married 
Miss Georgina Burns, a well-known 
vocalist, and leaving the Carl Rosa 
Company in 1890 they started a 
company for the production in English 
of Rossini's " Cenerentola " ; with 
this and other opera they successfully 
toured the provinces for some years, 
but of late little has been heard of 
them professionally. 

CROWEST, Frederick J., writer on 
music, editor, organist and composer ; 
b. London, 30 Nov., I860 ; e. London 
and Italy ; studied music and singing 
under Messrs. Turle, Tamplin and 
Sims Reeves, and Signers Lamperti 
and Vaschetti ; commenced his career 
in a publishing office, joining the 
editorial stafi of CasselTs in 1886; 





during this time he became favourably 
known as a tenor singer under the 
name of Arthur Vitton ; was editor 
of a number of musical books and 
magazines, and contributor to the 
principal reviews and the press ; he 
was also largely engaged in educational 
and polytechnic work ; among his 
published works are the following : 
"The Great Tone Poets," Bentley, 
1874 ; " Book of Musical Anecdotes/' 
Bentley, 1878; "Phases of Musical 
England," Remington, 1881 ; " Musi- 
cal History and Biography," 1883 ; 
" Advice to Singers," " Great Musi- 
cians 1 ' (Series), Sampson Low; "Musical 
Groundwork," 1890; "Dictionary of 
British Musicians," Jarrold, 1895 ; 
" The Story of British Music," etc. 
Is at present general manager and 
editor of the Walter Scott Publishing 
Company, Ltd. Address : Heworth 
Lodge, Felling, co. Durham. 

CUI, C&ar Antonovieh, composer ; 
b. Vilna, 18 Jan., 1835 ; 5. of a French 
officer who remained in Moscow after 
Napoleon's retreat; e. at the High 
School of Vilna, where his father was 
professor of French ; showed a talent 
for music at an early age, receiving his 
first instruction from the well-known 
Polish composer, Moniuszko ; on 
leaving school he studied military 
engineering, on which subject he 
lectured before the Artillery School 
and Staff College, taking the rank of 
General of the Engineers; he is 
virtually a self-taught musician, but 
learned not a little from Balakirev ; 
his earliest recorded composition is for 
the piano, and was dedicated to his 
wife, formerly Mdlle. Damberg, a 
gifted pianist; he next wrote an 
operetta, " The Mandarin's Son," and 
set the seal on Ms reputation by his 
third opera, " William Ratclifi," pro- 
duced at St. Petersburg, 1861 ; this 
was followed by "Angelo," 1876; 
his next opera was " Le Filibuster," 
first performed at the Opera Comique 
in 1894; another of his operas was 
" The Saracen," first played in St. 
Petersburg in 1889; he has also 
written numerous pieces for the 
orchestra, strings and piano, also some 
important choral works, and a quan- 
tity of songs and vocal music. 

CUMMINGS, William Hayman, tenor 
vocalist, composer, conductor, musical 
antiquarian ; b. at Sidbury, Devon- 
shire, 22 Aug., 1831 ; showed early 
promise of the possession of musical 
talent. His father, who was connected 
with St. Paul's Cathedral, recognised 
this, and in 1838 (the year Goss became 
organist) obtained a place for him 
amongst the choristers, then under the 
direction of the celebrated William 
Hawes. In 1842, he entered another 
famous London choir, that of the 
Temple Church, where Dr. E. J. 
Hopkins (who was appointed in 1843) 
was organist. In 1847, while still 
a chorister at the Temple, he sang, as 
an alto, in the first performance in 
London of the " Elijah," on 16 April. 
This historic event took place in Exeter 
Hall, under the auspices of the Sacred 
Harmonic Society, and is rendered 
doubly famous that it was under the 
baton of Mendelssohn himself, who 
spoke to the young chorister, and 
presented him with a souvenir of the 
great occasion. During his service in 
the Temple choir he received some 
instruction from J. W. Hobbs, a well- 
known singer, whose daughter he 
afterwards married. Upon leaving the 
Temple choir, in Mar., 1848, he became 
organist of Waltham Abbey. From 
there he returned to London, and for 
a time re-entered his old choir at the 
Temple as a tenor, besides continuing 
his studies under Hobbs, and taking 
some lessons with Randegger in 
operatic singing. During the next 
twelve years he became well known as 
a public singer at most of the principal 
festivals and concerts, and for a time 
held the appointment of tenor singer 
at Westminster Abbey and the Chapels 
Royal. In 1864 he took the place of 
Mario at Birmingham, singing at sight 
the tenor solos of Sullivan's cantata, 
" Kenilworth." The tenor part in 
Sterndale Bennett's "Woman of Sa- 
maria" was composed specially for 
him. In 1865 he made his dbut on 
the operatic stage of Covent Garden 
Theatre, and played the chief charac- 
ter in Leslie's opera, " The Guardian 
Stork." In 1870 he followed this up 
by a season in opera at the Gaiety, 
under John Hollingshead, and at 
Drury Lane, where he appeared with 





Santley, among others. In 1871 he 
visited the United States in a concert 
party that included Madame Ruders- 
dorff . During the tour he sang for the 
Handel and Haydn Society of New 
York, and at various other great towns, 
including Boston. He took part in 
the farewell tours of Clara Novello 
(only recently deceased at a great 
age) and of Madame Sainton-Dolby. 
In 1879 he became a professor at the 
R.A.M., and in 1880 was one of those 
invited by Mr. Weist Hill to join the 
staS of the newly-formed G.S.M. 
In 1882 he succeeded Sir Michael 
Costa as conductor of the Sacred 
Harmonic Society. Between 1886-8 
he was precentor of St. Anne's, Soho, 
and for many years conducted the 
festivals of the Royal Society of 
Musicians, of which he is Honorary 
Treasurer. He has been for many 
years Treasurer and Honorary 
Director of the Philharmonic Society. 
He is also President of the Incorpora- 
ted Staff Sight-Singing College, Vice- 
President of the R.C.O. and of the 
Union of Graduates in Music, Presi- 
dent of the Musical Association, and 
Vice-President of the International 
Musikgesellschaft. In 1900 he was 
elected Mus.Doc. honoris causa of 
Trinity College, Dublin. He was 
elected June, 1896, Principal of the 
G.S.M., from which he retired in 1910. 
He is the composer of several prize 
glees and songs, a cantata, as well as 
a primer on the Rudiments of Music 
(Novello), and some sacred music. 
He has of late years devoted much 
time to literary and antiquarian pur- 
suits, and is a F.S.A., and the owner 
of a famous library of rare musical 
works, including a wonderful collection 
of MSS. ; he is also an ardent fisher- 
man. Address : Sydcote, Dulwich, 

CUMMINGS, Norman, pianoforte 
teacher, 5. of Dr. W. H. Cummings 
(qv.). Address as above. 

CUMMINGS, Richard, baritone and 
teacher of singing, R.A.M. ; b. 20 
Nov., 1857, London ; s. of Joseph 
Cummings ; e. Temple Church Choir 
School (1863-1873). Studied music 
under Edwin Holland (singing), Pettit 

(organ), Westley Richards (piano- 
forte), Hermann Franke (violin) ; 
afterwards at R.A.M. with W. Shakes- 
peare (singing), C. Steggall (harmony), 
W. Fitton (piano), and Gustave Garcia 
and Fiori (opera). First appeared 
professionally in 1881. Was member 
of Temple Church Choir 1885-1894. 
Since 1885 has devoted himself to 
teaching. Has composed many songs, 
etc., in MS. Married Miss Gertrude 
Fairbrass, of Canterbury. Hobbies 
are reading and fishing. Is a Fellow, 
Examiner and Professor of R.A.M., 
Examiner to Associated Board, 
R.A.M. and R.C.M. Address : Kaidafa, 
Willesden Green, N.W. 

CUNNINGHAM, George Dorrington, 

organ recitalist ; b. 1878 in London ; 
e. for musical profession by Josiah 
Booth and at R.A.M. First public 
performance in 1894 at Park Chapel, 
Crouch End. Appointed official organ- 
ist Alexandra Palace, 1901. Has since 
played at Queen's Hall, 1899, Royal 
Albert Hall, 1904, Colston Hall, 
Bristol, 1911, Town Hall, Oxford, 1911, 
Victoria Hall, Halifax, and Crystal 
Palace, 1912. Address : 6 Leaside 
Avenue, Muswell Hill, N. Telephone : 
1606 Hornsey. 

CUNNINGHAM, Marta, soprano ; 
b. Louisana; d. of Judge A. B. 
Cunningham and his wife Minerva 
Tharpe, niece of Cardinal Gibbons ; 
e. at the Convent of Notre Dame, 
Baltimore and Paris; received her 
principal vocal training in Paris from 
Madame Marchesi ; Geneva, Madame 
Landi ; and Frau Dr. Maria Wilhelmj 
in Germany, and Sir George Power and 
Arthur Fagge in London; first ap- 
peared at the Crystal Palace Coronation 
Concert as solo soprano soloist, Aug., 
1901. Her engagements include 
Kubelik tour, 1902 ; St. James's Hall, 
Kubelik Concert, Oct., 1902 ; Irish tour 
with Brodsky Quartette, Dec., 1902 ; 
Preston, " The Messiah," 1902 ; first 
appearance at St. James's Hall Ballad 
Concerts, 1903 ; American tour, 1903 ; 
Queen's Hall, "Orfeo," with Leeds 
Choir, 1904 ; tour with Florizel von 
Reuter, 1905; and tours with Mark 
Hambourg and Vecsey, 1905-6. 
American tours, 1907-9, established 





" Matinees musicales " at Claridge's 
Hotel, 1910-2. Hobby : Persian cats. 
Address : 139 Ladbroke Road, Holland 
Park, W., and leading agents. 

CUBWEN, John Spencer ; b. Plais- 
tow, 30 Sept., 1847, F.R.A.M. ; s. of 
John Curwen, inventor of the Tonic 
Sol-Fa system ; studied under his 
father and at the R.A.M. under G. A. 
Macfarren, A. Sullivan and E. Prout ; 
his musical career has been devoted to 
forwarding the Tonic Sol-Fa movement. 
Was appointed president of the Tonic 
Sol-Fa College in 1880 ; has lectured 
on the system all over the United 

Kingdom, and has visited the Con- 
tinent and the United States in order 
to inquire into the systems of musical 
education which prevail there; his 
publications include " Studies in Wor- 
ship Music," 1880 and 1885; " Me- 
morials of John Curwen," 1882; 
" Musical Notes in Paris," 1882 ; 
" School Music Abroad " ; a Paper on 
the Tonic Sol-Fa system, read before 
the Society of Arts, etc. His wife is 
also a well-known writer on musical 
subjects, and is author of " The Child 
Pianist." Address : 6 Portland Court, 
W., and 24 Berners Street, W. 
Telephone : 2191 Mayfair. 


D ? ALBERT, Eugen Francois Charles, 
pianist and composer ; b. Glasgow, 
10 April, 1864; s. of Charles Louis 
Napoleon D'Albert, the well-known 
composer of dance music, by his wife 
Annie Rowell, of Newcastle-on-Tyne. 
Received his earliest musical instruc- 
tion from his father ; after some pri- 
vate instruction from G. A. Osborne, 
he won the Newcastle Scholarship 
at the National Training School of 
Music, 1876, followed by the Queen's 
Scholarship, which he retained until 
1881, having for his teachers Sir Arthur 
Sullivan, Sir John Stainer and Pro- 
fessor E. Prout and E. Pauer ; nomi- 
nated to the Mendelssohn Scholarship 
in 1881, but, failing to comply witn 
the regulations, only retained it for 
one year ; made his first public appear- 
ance as a pianist, while still a student, 
at the Monday Popular Concerts, 
22 Nov., 1880, playing Schumann's 
" Etudes Symphoniques " ; this was 
followed by his appearance at the 
Crystal Palace, 5 Feb., 1881, when he 
played Schumann's Pianoforte Con- 
certo in A minor ; in Oct. of the same 
year he first appeared as a composer 
at a Richter Concert, playing Ms own 
Pianoforte Concerto in A ; went with 
Dr. Richter to Vienna, where his 
playing and compositions were re- 
ceived with acclamation ; after re- 
appearing in London in 1882, he went 
to Weimar, where he became a pupil 
of Liszt and Court Pianist to the Grand 

Duke of Weimar ; during the next 
few years he occasionally made tours, 
playing in the principal cities of Ger- 
many, Russia, Italy, Spain and 
America, which he visited three times, 
but he continued to reside chiefly 
abroad, including Frankfort-on-Maine, 
and accepted the position of Kapell- 
meister in Weimar, which position, 
however, he did not hold for long. He 
is Hofpianist to the King of Saxony, 
and received a large number of 
foreign decorations. His compositions 
are highly appreciated in Germany and 
Italy. They include the operas " Der 
Rubin," composed 1892; " Ghis- 
monda," produced at Dresden, 1895 ; 
" Gernot, " The Departure," " Kain," 
"Terra Bassa" " Flauto Solo," 
and " Tiefiand " his most popular 
opera, which is constantly being per- 
formed in Germany and Austria ; two 
piano concertos, a symphony, string 
quartets; a work for orchestra and 
chorus, founded on Otto Ludwig*s 
" Man and life " ; overture " Hy- 
perion," first played at Berlin, 1885 ; 
dramatic overture, Cologne, 1887; 
sonatas, songs, etc. His recreations 
are outdoor sports and medical 
science. Agents : Schulz-Curtius and 
Powell, 44 Regent Street, Piccadilly 
Circus, W. 

DALE, Benjamin James, composer 
and organist ; b. 17 July, 1885, Crouch 
Hill; s. of late Mr. C. J. Dale and 





Mrs. Dale (nee Hallett) ; e. at Sta- 
tioners' Co.'s School and Oakfield 
School, Crouch End; musical training 
at R.A.M. by F. Corder, Howard 
Jones, Herbert Lake and H. W. 
Richards; debut 10 May, 1900, 
Portman Rooms, London, with an 
orchestral composition. Principal 
compositions include overture, " The 
Tempest " (Queen's Hall, 1902), piano- 
forte sonata D minor (Nov., 1905), 
suite for viola and pianoforte (JEolian 
Hall, 1906), Romance and finale, viola 
and orchestra (Philharmonic Society, 
1911), Amsterdam, 1911, The Hague, 
1912, Phantasy for viola and piano- 
forte, Sextett for six violas, cantata 
" Before the Paling of the Stars," etc., 
etc. Unmarried. Is an F.R.C.O., 
Associate R.A.M., etc. Address : 6 
Amherst Road, Baling, W. 

DALE, Louise, soprano (Mrs. Ha- 
milton Earle) ; trained for the musical 
profession in Germany by the late 
Prof. Stockhausen, in Paris by M. 
Bouhy, and in England by Mme. 
Sophie Lowe, Dr. Henschel and Sir P. 
Tosti. Made her debut at the " Monday 
Pops " ; and has since appeared at 
all the principal London and provincial 
concerts. Toured with Mr. Percy 
Harrison, and has sung before the 
Royal Family. Address : c/o Messrs. 
Ibbs and Tillett. 

D'ALMAYNE, Christine, operatic 
soprano; b. in England and trained 
for opera by Mme. Marchesi and M. 
Victor Maurel. Has also been specially 
coached by Fritz Steinbach of the 
Cologne Opera for Wagnerian parts. 
Sang in the first English season of the 
" Ring " at Covent Garden and in Mr. 
Beecham's seasons both at Covent 
Garden and His Majesty's Theatre. 
Sang part of Sieglinde recently at 
Mainz Opera House, and at Mannheim, 
Elberfeld, Wiesbaden, and other Ger- 
man and Austrian opera houses, in 
Rheingold Gotterdammerung, Tann- 
hauser, Otello, etc., etc. 

DALMOBS, Charles, tenor ; 6. in 
France, and musically educated at 
the Paris Conservatoire. He started 
as a violoncellist, and achieved some 
success, but finding himself the pos- 
sessor of a promising voice, he turned 

his attention to its cultivation, and 
made his first appearance as a singer 
at Rouen in 1889. This led to an 
engagement at the Theitre Monnaie, 
Brussels. He soon became a principal 
artist. He first appeared at Covent 
Garden in 1904, and has since visited 
New York and Bayreuth. In 1908 he 
played at short notice the part of 
Radames in " Aida," in place of 
Slezak, who was suddenly indisposed. 

DAMROSCH, Walter Johannes, com- 
poser and conductor ; 6. Breslau, 
30 Jan., 1862 ; 5. of the late Leopold 
Damrosch, a well-known Prussian 
composer and conductor, who founded 
the New York Oratorio Society and 
the New York Symphony Society, as 
conductor of which he succeeded his 
father in 1885 ; studied harmony and 
composition first with his father, and 
subsequently with Rischbieter and 
Draeseke at Dresden ; the piano he 
studied with Von Inten, Boekelman 
and Pinner, in New York; acted as 
assistant conductor to his father 
during the season of German Opera 
at the Metropolitan Opera House, New 
York, in 1884 ; in 1894 he founded the 
Damrosch German Opera Company, 
which produced Wagner operas in 
New York and in many cities through- 
out the United States, including the 
Nibelungen Trilogy for the first time 
in that country; in 1890 he was 
appointed conductor of the German 
Opera Company, organised by Maurice 
Grau at the Metropolitan Opera House, 
occupying the post for two seasons ; 
in 1902 he was elected conductor of 
the New York Philharmonic Society, 
and of the New York Symphony 
Orchestra in 1903 ; his compositions 
include two operas, "The Scarlet 
Letter," and "Cyrano," neither of 
which has yet been produced ; a violin 
sonata and numerous songs. Recrea- 
tion : Tennis. Address : The Century 
Club, New York City. 

D'ANDRADE, Francisco, operatic 
vocalist; b. Lisbon, 1859; e. Milan, 
under Mirglia and Ranconi. Dbut at 
San Remo, 1882 ; then sang in Rome, 
Milan and chief cities of Europe 
(London, 1886-90). Address: Villa 
Andrade, Bad-Harzburg, Germany. 





D'ARGO, Esta (Hetty Holroyd), 
soprano ; b. Yorkshire ; d. of Thomas 
Holroyd, civil engineer, and his wife 
Sarah ; went out to Australia with her 
parents at the age of five, returning to 
England in 1904 ; e. at Sydney, 
New South Wales ; studied music 
under Henry KowalsM, and first 
appeared in public as a pianist ; after- 
wards took up vocal studies with 
Arturo Steffani, in Sydney ; made her 
first appearance as a vocalist at the 
Sydney Town Hall in 1897 ; subse- 
quently toured in Australia, Tasmania 
and New Zealand, under the manage- 
ment of Messrs. J. C. Williamson and 
R. S. Smythe, fulfilling both concert 
and operatic engagements ; subse- 
quently went to Italy where she studied 
in and sang in grand opera in Turin, 
Cuneo, Chiri, Milan and Brescia; 
coming to England she sang at 
Chappell's Ballad Concerts, the Queen's 
Hall Promenade and Symphony Con- 
certs ; Royal Albert Hall Sunday 
Concerts, Halte Concerts, Manchester ; 
Subscription Concerts, Bradford ; Cho- 
ral Union, Leeds ; Orchestral Society, 
Cardiff, etc., etc. She has also toured 
Great Britain with Madame Clara Butt 
and Mr. Kennerley Rumford. Her 
favourite part is Mimi in "La Bo- 
heme." Agents: Ibbs and Tillett. 
Address: 81 Antrim Mansions, Haver- 
stock Hill, N.W. 

DARMEL, F., operatic tenor ; b. in 
Belgium, his family coming from the 
Walloon district ; early musical educa- 
tion at the Brussels Conservatoire, 
where he obtained two first prizes for 
vocal production and operatic singing. 
First appeared at the Monnaie Theatre 
as a baritone, but believing his voice 
was a tenor, resolved to return to his 
studies. Entered the Paris Conserva- 
toire as a pupil of M. Imbart de la 
Tour. Under this teacher his voice 
developed in one year to that of a 

DAVENPORT, Francis William, com- 
poser and piano teacher ; b. Wilders- 
lowe, near Derby, 1847 ; e. at -Univer- 
sity College, Oxford; studied under 
Sir George Macfarren, and subse- 
quently married his daughter ; was 
appointed professor of harmony and 

composition at the R.A.M. in 1879, 
and became subsequently an honorary 
Fellow of the institution, as well as 
examiner for the local examinations of 
the academy ; in 1882 was appointed 
professor at the G.S.M. ; his principal 
compositions include a symphony in 
D Minor, which secured first prize at 
the Alexandra Palace in 1876; 
" Twelfth Night," overture, first per- 
formed in London, 1879 ; a prelude 
and fugue for orchestra, produced at 
the Crystal Palace, 1879 ; he has also 
written a quantity of chamber music, 
some of which has been played at the 
Monday Popular Concerts ; his other 
works include a symphony in G, not 
yet performed, pieces for piano, violin 
and 'cello, songs and part songs. 
Author of " The Elements of Music," 
Longmans, 1884 ; " Elements of Har- 
mony and Counterpoint," Longmans, 
1886 ; and " A Guide for Pianoforte 
Students," Longmans, 1891. 

DAVID, Peter Paul, violinist and 
conductor ; b. Leipzig, 4 Aug., 1840 ; 
s. of the late Ferdinand David, a 
famous violin player of his day ; was 
member of the orchestra at Carlsruhe in 
1862 ; in 1865 he came to England, 
and was for many years principal 
music master at Uppingham School. 
Is Mus. Mag. (honoris causa) Cantab. 
Address : 328 Banbury Road, Oxford. 

DAVIDSON, Reginald, baritone ; b- 
London; s. of J. T. Davidson, insur- 
ance manager; e. privately, and 
entered his father's office, the Royal 
Insurance Company; studied singing 
under Miss M. Conroy ; first appeared 
at the Amy Castles Debut Concert, 
St. James's Hall, 1901 ; his principal 
engagements include Sir A. C. Mac- 
kenzie's Festival of British Music, tour 
through Canada, 1903 ; Royal Ama- 
teur Orchestral Society, Queen's Hall, 

1904 ; Liverpool Philharmonic Society, 
1904; Highbury Philharmonic Society, 

1905 ; London Choral Society, Queen's 
Hall, 1905 ; Bournemouth Orchestral 
Society, 1905 ; Chappell's Ballad Con- 
certs, 1906; Dulwich Philharmonic 
Society, Crystal Palace, 1906 ; Vivien 
Chartres' tour, 1906; he also sang 
two songs in the production of " As 
You Like It," St. James's Hall, 1906. 





Address : I Merton Road, Kensington, 
W. Agent : N. Vert, 6 Cork Street, W. 
Telephone : 524 Kensington. 

DAVIES, David Ffrangcon, baritone 
vocalist ; b. Bethesda, Carnarvonshire, 
11 Dec., 1850 ; e. privately, and at 
Friars' School; M.A., Jesus College, 
Oxford (Classical Exhibitioner). Re- 
ceived his early musical education from 
his father ; was educated for and 
entered the Church of England, but 
resigned and joined the G.S.M., 
studying singing under Richard Latter, 
and later from William Shakespeare 
and Randegger ; made his first appear- 
ance in 1890 at a concert at Manches- 
ter ; sang the iitle-rdle in " Elijah " 
at Hovingham Festival in the same 
year ; subsequently sang at most of 
the leading concerts in London and 
the provinces, and also in oratorio 
and at festival concerts. In 1890 
appeared in opera, singing in " Faust," 
" Lohengrin," etc. ; subsequently cre- 
ated the part of Cedric in Sullivan's 
" Ivanhoe " at the Royal English 
Opera House in 1891. In 1896 he first 
went to America, where he has toured 
on twelve occasions with great success. 
He also resided for three years in 
America. He is the author of an 
admirable work entitled " The Singing 
of the Future." 

DAVIES, Ed* Harold, conductor; 
b. Oswestry, 18 July, 1867; elder 
brother of Dr. Walford Davies. Took 
A.R.C.O. in 1890 and ^went to Aus- 
tralia. Became Mus.Bac. of Adelaide 
Union, and in 1903 Mus.Doc., the 
first Doctorate of Music conferred by 
an Australian University. Founder 
and conductor of Adelaide Bach 
Society, a chorus of one hundred 
singers. Address : Adelaide. 

DAVIES, Benjamin Grey, better 
known as Ben Davies, tenor ; b. 
Pontardawe, in Swansea Valley, 1858 ; 
s. of an engineer ; e. Swansea ; com- 
menced singing in church choir at an 
early age; when nineteen years old, 
the late Brinley Richards heard him 
sing at a local concert, and advised 
him to adopt music as a profession ; 
entered the R.A.M., gaining, while a 
student there, several medals, and 

eventually becoming F.R.A.M. ; joined 
Carl Rosa Company, 1882, and made 
his first appearance as Thaddeus, in 
"The Bohemian Girl," at Her 
Majesty's, remaining with the company 
until 1885, singing principal tenor rdles 
with great success ; his first appear- 
ance on the comic opera stage was as 
Geoffrey Wilder, in Dorothy, in 1886, 
succeeded by Martin Bolder, in " Doris," 
and Rodney, in " The Red Hussar " ; 
engaged by D'Oyly Carte to create the 
principal tenor r6le in " Ivanhoe " 
at Royal English Opera House (now 
the Palace), 1891 ; since then has 
confined himself more particularly to 
oratorio and the concert platform, but 
in 1904 appeared at the Lyric and 
Daly's in a series of matinees of 
" Ib and Little Christina," by Basil 
Hood, Franco Leoni, and M. Clara 
Perry, 1885. Has since appeared at 
all the leading London and provincial 
concerts and festivals including the 
Handel Festivals, for many years. 
Recreations : Golf and cricket. Address: 
33 Compayne Gardens, West Hamp- 
stead, N.W. Telephone No.: 400 

DAVIES, Edward, tenor; b. near 
Swansea. As a youth won many 
prizes at local Eisteddfods. Joined 
Carl Rosa Company as second tenor, 
and was soon promoted to leading 
rdles. Was playing " Faust " at 
Oxford when a friend offered to pay 
expenses of a year's study at Milan. 
Here, under Signer Moretti, he made 
great progress and sang at Dal Verme 
and at Conservatoire. Has since sung 
at many of the foremost English 

DAVIES, Fanny, pianist ; b. Guern- 
sey, 27 June, 1861, English parentage ; 
e. Birmingham; commenced to play 
the piano when she was only three 
years old ; earliest musical training 
received at home, subsequently placed 
under the late Sir Charles Hall6 for 
a short time ; entered the Leipzig 
Conservatoire under Reinecke and 
Oscar Paul, after which she proceeded 
to Frankfort-on-Maine, and had the 
immense advantage of instruction 
from Madame Clara Schumann ; first 
appearance was made as a child, when 





she played from memory the Beet- 
hoven Funeral March Sonata in the 
Town Hall, Birmingham her only 
appearance as a " prodigy " ; first 
important public appearance as a solo 
pianiste was at a Crystal Palace 
Orchestral Concert, on 16 Oct., 1885 ; 
followed by engagements at the 
Monday and Saturday Popular Con- 
certs at the St. James's Hall ; played 
at the London Philharmonic Concerts 
in 1886; the Leipzig Gewandhaus, 
1888 ; Rome, 1889, and several times 
since; Birmingham Festival, 1889 
Berlin and a tour in Germany, 1893 
Bonn Beethoven Festival, 1893 . 
Vienna Philharmonic, 1895 ; Milan, 
1895, 1904-5 ; Donizetti Centenary 
Festival, Bergamo, 1897 ; first appear- 
ance Paris, 1902, Lamoureux Concerts 
1903-4, and Colonne Concerts, 1905. 
She met and knew Liszt and Rubin- 
stein, and also Brahms in his later 
years. In 1895 she twice played before 
Queen Victoria by command ; has 
also played five times before Queen 
Margherita of Italy, and once before 
the late Empress Frederick of Germany 
together with Dr. Joachim, as well as 
the Queen of Hanover, at Gmunden, 
and other interesting personages. Her 
repertoire includes thirty-one concertos 
and about 450 works, to which, of 
course, she continually adds. She is 
fond of teaching, but has not time for 
very much. Is President of the New 
Chamber Music Club, and was elected 
an honorary member of the Academy 
of St. Cecilia in Rome, and a member 
by election of the Beethoven House, 
Bonn. Address : 52 Wellington Road, 
St. John's Wood, N.W. Agent: 
Concert direction E. L. Robinson, 
7 Wigmore Street, W. 

DAVEES, Henry Walford, organist 
and composer; b. Oswestry, Shrop- 
shire, 6 Sept., 1869; s. of the late 
John Whitridge Davies and his wife 
Susan Gregory, of Wem, Salop ; e. 
privately ; was a member of the choir 
of St. George's Chapel, Windsor, 1882 ; 
assistant organist at St. George's 
Chapel and organist of Windsor Park 
Chapel Royal, 1885-90 ; studied at the 
R.C.M., where he secured a scholarship 
for composition, 1890-4; the year 
that he entered the college he was 

appointed organist and choirmaster 
at St. Anne's, Soho, a position which 
he relinquished in 1891 to become 
organist at Christ Church, Hampstead, 
which post he occupied until 1898. 
He has been organist and choirmaster 
of the Temple Church since 1898 in 
succession to Dr. Hopkins, and took 
his Mus.Doc. (Camb.) the same year. 
His first important composition was a 
symphony which was produced by 
Sir August Manns at the Crystal 
Palace in 1895 ; other more recent 
orchestral compositions are " Holiday 
Times " (Promenade Concerts, 1907), 
" Festival Overture " (Lincoln Festi- 
val, 1909), " Parthenia " (London 
Festival, 1911), "Symphony in G " 
(Queen's Hall, 1911), Wordsworth 
Suite, Philharmonic, 1912 ; his other 
compositions include a choral ballad, 
" HervS Riel," " Everyman," a setting 
of the famous morality play, which has 
become exceedingly popular, an orato- 
rio, "The Temple," first performed 
at the Worcester Festival in 1902, 
Sacred Symphony " Lift up your 
Hearts" (Hereford, 1906), Choral 
Suite, " Noble Numbers " (Hereford, 
1909), " Song of St. Francis " (Bir- 
mingham, 1912), various chamber- 
works for combination of strings and 
voices, a number of songs composed 
to words by Shakespeare, Browning, 
Kipling, and others ; glees (he won the 
Bristol Orfeus Society Prize for " The 
Sturdy Rock"), sonatas for the piano, 
and violin, and other compositions. 
He is an A.R.C.M. and F.R.C.O., and 
was created LL.D., Leeds, 1904. 
Address : Segenbalm, 32 West Heath 
Drive, Hampstead, N.W. 

DATTES, Mary, vocalist; b. Lon- 
don, 27 Feb., 1855, of Welsh parentage, 
her father being a well-known chapel 
precentor, from whom she learned 
music and singing ; attracted the atten- 
tion of the late Brinley Richards and 
Miss Edith Wynne, who both gave her 
instruction ; in 1873 won the scholar- 
ship of the Welsh Choral Union at the 
R.A.M., where she entered and studied 
under Randegger, winning the Parepa- 
Rosa gold medal and the Christine 
Nilsson Prize in 1877 ; as a student 
sang at the academy in a performance of 
Bennett's " The Woman of Samaria," 





in 1875, and in 1876 made her 
debut at the Crystal Palace; sub- 
sequently took part in several impor- 
tant concerts, including the perform- 
ance by the Philharmonic Society of 
Schumann's " Faust " ; in 1878 made 
her first appearance at the London 
Ballad Concerts, where she became 
immensely popular, and sang for four- 
teen years in unbroken succession ; 
in 1880 sang the leading soprano part 
in the first performance of Berlioz's 
" Faust," repeating the performance 
in London a few weeks later, also 
singing at the Norwich and Hudders- 
field Festivals and at the Richter 
concerts ; in 1882 and 1883 took part 
in the Chester, Gloucester and Wolver- 
hampton Festivals, and in 1886 sang 
the part of Mary in the first perform- 
ance in England of Berlioz's " Child- 
hood of Christ " ; in 1888 she married 
Mr. W. Cadwaladr Davies, a well- 
known barrister and pioneer of Welsh 
Higher Education, who died in 1905. 
Mrs. Mary Davies is one of the hon. 
sees, of the Welsh Folk Song Society, 
and a Governor of the University of 
Wales. Is F.R.A.M., and an examiner 
for R.A.M. and H.C.M. Address : 12A 
Eton Road, S. Hampstead. 

DAVIES, Clara Novello, (VideKo- 

DAVIS, James, tenor; b. London, 
9 May, 1878 ; s. of Isaac Davis, 
solicitor, by his wife Mary; e. at 
Dulwich College, previously occupied 
as bank clerk, playing in amateur 
orchestra for four years; e. for the 
musical profession at the G.S.M. under 
Gustave Garcia and F. Walker; 
winning Goldsmiths' and Leather- 
sellers' Scholarships and several special 
prizes ; first appearance was at the 
Promenade Concerts, Queen's Hall, 
1904 ; afterwards sang at these con- 
certs during the 1905 and 1906 sea- 
sons ; St. James's Hall Saturday 
Popular Concerts, 1903-4-5, and with 
most of the principal choral societies 
throughout the United Kingdom ; 
appointed principal tenor at St. Paul's 
Cathedral, Jan., 1904, and resigned 
May, 1906, through pressure of outside 
engagements. Prefers singing in 
oratorio. Recreations : Cycling, cricket, 

golf. Address : 61 Boundary Road, 

DAVIS, J. D., composer and teacher ; 
appeared as a pianist when ten years 
old at a concert at King Edward's 
School, Birmingham. Studied music 
at Raff Conservatoire, Frankfort, after- 
wards at Brussels Conservatoire and 
also with Professor Leopold Wallner. 
Composer of symphonic poem, " Maid 
of Astolat," performed at Queen's 
Hall, 1910 ; symphonic variations, 
operas, chamber-music, etc. Professor 
of harmony and composition at G.S.M. 
Address : 67 Kensington Gardens 
Square, W. Telephone : 4947 Pad. 

DAVIS ON, Munro, teacher of voice 
production and singing and conductor ; 
b. London, the son of a captain in 
the Merchant Service; e. at Alex- 
andra Park College, Hornsey, and 
for music, by Dr. James Higgs for 
theory, and Arthur Thompson for 
singing. Began life in the Stock 
Exchange. First professional work was 
as organist at St. Anne's, Holloway, 
where he remained five years. Later 
was also organist of Holy Innocents, 
Hornsey, and assistant to Dr. E. J. 
Hopkins at Temple Church for 
three years. Is F.R.C.O. and (vocal) 
L.R.A.M. Principal alto, Temple 
Church; Prof, of singing at G.S.M., 
and conductor for fifteen years of 
Stock Exchange Choir (resigned 1912). 
Musical Director Choral Society, lec- 
turer on voice production and singing, 
Northern Polytechnic, etc. Address : 
14 Alexandra Villas, Finsbury 
Park, N. 

DEARTH, Harry, bass ; 6. London, 
1876 ; e. St. Mark's College ; received 
musical training at R.C.M. ; first 
appeared at Marlborough Hall, Regent 
Street, 1894; has sung with Royal 
Choral Society frequently, and at all 
leading concerts; was for many 
years a vicar choral at Westminster 
Abbey. Has appeared with much 
success in opera at His Majesty's 
Theatre and Covent Garden, during 
the Beecham and English opera 
seasons. Is widely known at all the 
principal concerts and festivals in the 
United Kingdom. Recreation : Golf, 





Address : 2 Fairfax Mansions, Finch- 
ley Road, N.W., and leading agents. 
Telephone : 4386 P.O., Hampstead. 

DEBUSSY, Claud Achille, composer ; 
b. St. Gennain-en-Laye, 22 Aug., 1862 ; 
e. at the Paris Conservatoire (1873), 
studying harmony -with Lavignac and 
composition under Guiraud, a well- 
known composer ; piano with Mar- 
montel and Massenet. On leaving 
the Conservatoire he gained the Grand 
Prix de Rome in 1884 with his cantata, 
" I/Enfant Prodigue " ; while in Rome 
he set to music Rossetti's " Blessed 
Damosel," for solo, female choir and 
orchestra, and composed " Le Prin- 
temps," which was refused by the 
Institut in Paris on account of its 
excessive modernity. His symphonic 
prelude, " L'Aprs-Midi d'un Faune," 
is well known in this country, and has 
been frequently performed by the 
Queen's Hall orchestra; among his 
compositions are " Cinq Poemes," by 
Baudelaire from " Proses Lyriques, 
the " Chansons de Bilitis," orchestral 
pieces, " Nuages, Fetes, et Syrenes " ; 
"Images," and numerous lyric pieces 
for the voice ; his most impor- 
tant composition is the lyric drama, 
" Pelleas et M61isande," first produced 
at the Opera Comique, Paris, in 1902. 
He has written much for the piano, 
and a second musical drama on a 
libretto by d'Annunzio, besides articles 
in Revue Blanche and Gil Bias. 

DE CISNEROS, Eleonora, mezzo- 
soprano ; b. New York ; d. of John 
Campbell Broadfoot, and his wife, 
Ella Small ; e. privately in New York ; 
m. Count Fran9Ois G. de Cisneros ; 
studied grand opera singing with 
Madame Murio Celli ; first appeared 
at the Metropolitan Opera House, New 
York, 1899, as leading mezzo-soprano ; 
has appeared at the leading opera 
houses of Turin, Modena, Trieste, 
Ferrara, Spezia, and Milan ; San 
Carlos, Lisbon ; Lirico, Rio de Janeiro; 
Imperial Opera House, Vienna; Im- 
perial Opera House and Conserva- 
toire, St. Petersburg ; Waldorf Theatre 
and Covent Garden, London. Created 
the rdle of Candia della Leonessa 
in the opera " La Figlia de Loris," 
music by Franchetto, libretto by 

d'Annunzio, at La Scala. Has sung 
before the King and Queen of Italy, 
the King and Queen of Portugal, the 
Duke and Duchess of Connaught, etc. 
Agent: Damian de Quevedo, Via 
Bigle, 26 Milan. 

DEFANIO, DesirS, violinist, com- 
poser and conductor ; b. Ghent, 1885 ; 
s. of Francis Defanio, merchant, and 
his wife Therdse; was prepared for 
the musical profession in Ghent, 
Brussels and Paris ; first appeared as a 
solo violinist at a concert at Ghent ; 
has played at concerts or given recitals 
at Antwerp, Brussels, Paris, London ; 
is director of the choral section of the 
Sotiete Royale des Ouvriers Reunis of 
Ghent ; his compositions include string 
quartet, concerto for violin, songs and 
violin pieces ; claims to be the inventor 
of a new and simplified system of 
teaching music. 

DE FfiO, CAKLOTTA, singer; b. 
Rome; d. of late Michele de Feo, 
president of Court of Appeal, and the 
late Carlotta de Feo, daughter of the 
pianist Felice Moresco and of the 
Marchioness Speroni ; prepared for 
the musical profession in Italy under 
Mme. Landi and Signer de Giorgio, 
and in Paris under Mme. Mathilde 
Marchesi ; first appeared in Paris 
with the Bach Society, 21 Mar., 1906, 
as soloist ; other engagements include 
the Societ6 de Concerts d'Instruments 
Anciens, Paris, 4 April, 1906, and her 
own recital at Bechstein Hall, 9 May, 
1907. Agent : N. Vert, 6 Cork Street, 

DE KOVEN, Reginald, conductor 
and composer ; b. Middletown, Conn., 
U.S.A., 1859; e. Oxford University, 
England ; graduated Mus.Doc. ; 
studied music abroad and has com- 
posed many light operas and musical 
pieces that are very successful in the 
States. Is conductor of Washington 
Symphony Orchestra and owner of 
Lyric Theatre, New York City. 1 
Address : Knickerbocker Club, New 
York City, XJ.S.A. 

DE LARA, Adelina, pianist, com- 
poser and teacher; trained at the 
i (Vide Who's Who in the Theatre.) 





Conservatorium, Frankfort, under 
Mme. Clara Schumann and Prof. 
Ivan Knorr, director of the conser- 
vatorium ; has played at the Philhar- 
monic, Crystal Palace, Saturday 
Popular and other famous London 
concerts, besides making many pro- 
vincial, foreign and colonial tours, 
including Australia; played by com- 
mand before Their Majesties King 
Edward and Queen Alexandra and 
King George and Queen Mary, when 
Prince and Princess of Wales. Retired 
from the public platform about three 
years ago and settled in France as a 
composer. Her best known work is 
a Song-cycle " Rose of the World/' 
sung by Sig. Caruso. 

DE IAEA, Isidore, composer; b. 
London, 9 Aug., 1858; brother of 
Frederic De Lara ; commenced to 
study the piano at the age of ten 
under the late H. Aguilar ; at thirteen 
made his first appearance before the 
public and continued to play at many 
recitals ; at fifteen went to Milan, 
where he studied at the Conservatoire 
under Mizzucato for composition and 
Lamperti for singing ; he remained in 
Italy for three years, securing the 
Grand Prix for composition ; returning 
to England he soon became known 
both as a singer and composer of songs, 
among the best known of which is 
" The Garden of Sleep " ; he has 
also composed operas including " The 
Light of Asia," originally a cantata, 
but converted at M. Maurel's sugges- 
tion into an opera, and produced at 
Covent Garden in 1892 ; other operas 
by Mr. De Lara include " Moina," 
" Kenilworth " and " Messaline," the 
last mentioned being produced at 
Monte Carlo, where he lived for some 
time, and enjoyed the friendship of the 
Princess of Monaco. 

DE LUSSAN, Zelie, operatic con- 
tralto ; 6. in New York City ; d. of 
Count de Lussan and Eugenie de 
Lussan. She is of French origin, and 
comes of a family notable for its vocal 
abilities. Her mother was at one time 
famous as a vocalist, and commenced 
the musical instruction of Zelie when 
she was only five years old. She made 
her first public appearance at the age 

of nine at a charity concert in New 
York. For some years after this she 
took part in several concerts, until she 
was engaged for the Wagner Festivals 
in America. Her first appearance on 
the operatic boards was made with 
the Boston Ideal Opera Company, in 
the part of Arline in " The Bohemian 
Girl." She was so successful that she 
was engaged by the English Opera 
Company, and sang through the States 
the principal rdles in "La Fille du 
Regiment," " Carmen," " L'Elisir d'A- 
more," " Faust," " La Reine Topaze," 
" Giralda " and " Les Mousquetaires 
de la Reine." Col. Mapleson heard her 
sing as Carmen and engaged her to 
come to Europe. She made her first 
appearance in London at Her Majesty's 
Theatre in 1889 as Marguerite in 
" Faust." She received offers to sing 
in Paris both at the Grand Opera and 
the Op6ra Comique, but preferred to 
return to England. She joined the Carl 
Rosa Company for a short time, but 
returned to Covent Garden under the 
management of Sir Augustus Harris 
and appeared as Carmen, her greatest 
impersonation, with the following 
powerful cast : M. Jean de Reszke, 
M. Lassalle, and Madame Melba. She 
also sang in " Carmen " with the late 
Signer Campanini, so she has appeared 
in this opera with two of the greatest 
tenors of the present generation. She 
achieved another success as Zerlina 
in " Don Giovanni," appearing with 
M. Lassalle and M. Maurel. She has 
also sung at the Op6ra Comique, Paris, 
and the San Carlos Opera House, 
Lisbon. Her most recent operatic 
appearances have been with the 
Moody-Manners Company in " Car- 
men," in " II Nozze di Figaro," as 
Cherubino, and other leading v6Us. 
On three occasions Mdlle. de Lussan. 
sang by command before Queen 
Victoria, appearing by Her Majesty's 
special request in " Fra Diavolo," 
" Carmen," and " The Daughter of 
the Regiment." She has also taken 
part in State Concerts at Buckingham 
Palace, and on numerous occasions 
the late King and Queen Alexandra 
personally congratulated her. Her 
favourite part is Carmen, which she 
has sung no less than 760 times, with 
forty-five Don Joses. 




DELMAB, Oeorgina, operatic vo- 
calist; b. BaLham; d. of Delmar 
Cavendish, a member of the Duke of 
Devonshire's family; e. Bedford and 
Germany ; m. H. Winsloe Hall, 1897 ; 
was prepared for the musical profession 
at the R.C.M., and studied singing in 
Belgium and afterwards in Paris with 
M. Bouhy ; played in students' opera 
before the late Queen at Windsor; 
first appeared on the operatic stage 
at the Op6ra Comique as a member 
of the chorus and understudy to 
prima donna in " Shamus O'Brien/' 
1896, playing principal rdle for a fort- 
night ; was at the Royal Opera, Covent 
Garden, 1897-9 ; prima donna Carl 
Rosa Company, 1900 ; played leading 
rdle in Franco Leoni's " Ib and Little 
Christina," Daly's, 1903; has sung 
at all the principal London concerts, 
but has recently taken up light opera, 
playing Sans Gne in " The Duchess 
of Dantzic " with Mr . George Edwardes' 
Company. Her favourite parts are 
Carmen and Sans G6ne. Recreations : 
Golf and motoring. Member of Acton 
Golf Club. Address: 50 Cheyne 
Court, S.W. 

DEL RIEGO, Teresa, song-writer; 
b. London ; d. of Miguel del Riego and 
Clara del Riego ; e. at the Convent of 
La Sainte Union des Sacres Coeurs, 
Highgate; studied the piano and 
composition with Mr. Sewett South- 
gate, London; is one of the most 
popular song-writers of the day, her 
songs "The Happy Song," "Life's 
Recompense " and " Oh, dry those 
Tears/' having a great vogue. Among 
the famous artistes who have sung 
these and other compositions are 
Mmes. Albani, Clara Butt, Calve, 
Donalda, Kirkby Lunn, Ben Davies, 
Kennerley Rumford, and many others. 
Address: 38 Chepstow Place, W. 
Telephone : 1801 Western. 

DEMELUEE, H&&ne, operatic so- 
prano ; 6. Paris. ; e. under Mme. 
Colonne, widow of the late Ed. 
Colonne, well-known orchestral con- 
ductor, of the Chatelet Theatre. Made 
debut in 1905 at Op6ra Comique in 
Charpentier's " Louise." Has appeared 
there annually since and at Royal 
Opera, Covent Garden (1911). 

DE MUNCK, Ernest, violoncellist; 
6. Brussels, 21 Dec., 1840, his father 
being professor of the 'cello at the 
Brussels Conservatoire. He made his 
public debut in 1849, and two years 
later played at the old Hanover Square 
Rooms, and at the Great Exhibition 
of 1851 in Hyde Park. His musical 
education was partly by his father and 
his father's friend and successor, A. F. 
Servais, at the Conservatoire. In 1855 
he was solo 'cellist of Jullien's orches- 
tra, and toured all over the United 
Kingdom, Belgium and Holland. In 
1869 he played solos for La Societe des 
Concerts du Conservatoire in Paris, 
only two other foreigners having been 
similarly honoured. Later, in 1869, he 
played at a concert of Ella's London 
Musical Union. In 1870 de Munck left 
Paris on the outbreak of the war, and 
became " Kammer- virtues " to the 
Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar. Here 
he became known to Wagner and 
Liszt, and was engaged as first 'cellist 
for the opening of the famous Bayreuth 
Theatre, an engagement which he was 
unhappily prevented from fulfilling. 
He also became intimate with Raff, 
Tausig, von Bulow, and other musi- 
cians whose names have become 
historical. He has played several 
times at the Royal Opera House in 
Berlin, on two occasions before the 
Emperor and the Court, including 
Bismarck. In 1872 he was engaged 
for the Gewandhaus at Leipzig, and 
created a sensation by reviving 
Haydn's Concerto in D in its original 
form. In 1877-8 he played under 
Richter at the Vienna Philharmonic 
Concerts. In 1879 he married Carlotta 
Patti, sister of Adelina Patti, and 
herself a soprano singer with a voice 
of extraordinary beauty and compass. 
He had been with her on a concert 
tour through Austria and Italy. 
After their marriage they toured 
through America, India, China, Aus- 
tralia, and Egypt. In 1899 M. de 
Munck suffered the heavy loss of his 
wife's death, and came to live in 
London. He has played at all the 
principal English concerts, and was for 
many years engaged as a teacher at 
the G.S.M. and elsewhere. Address : 
16 Warrington Crescent, Maida Vale, 





BENIN, Josef, carilloneur ; b. Bel- 
gium; and official carilloneur to the 
City of Mechlin. Famous in his native 
country and elsewhere as the greatest 
living exponent of a rare and beautiful 
form of musical art. 

BENZA, Luigi, composer and pro- 
fessor of music ; b. Castellamare del 
Stabia, Italy. 1846, his father a well- 
known musical amateur and friend 
of Rossini, Rubini and Lablache. 
At the age of sixteen he entered the 
Royal Conservatoire at Naples, gaining 
a free scholarship at the end of his 
first year, which was renewed for five 
subsequent years ; studied composi- 
tion under Mercadante and Serrao, 
the piano under Valente and Russo, 
and singing under Scafati and Guercia ; 
among his fellow-students were Tosti, 
Esposito, Martucci and Caraciolo ; 
after six years at the Conservatoire he 
was (1866) appointed sub-professor ; 
and in 1876 his opera " Wallenstein " 
was produced at the Theatre del 
Fondo, Naples ; the following year 
conducted a conceit at the French 
Embassy, Rome, the King and Queen 
of Italy being present; in 1879 he 
came to London, and in 1883 decided 
to make it his permanent home ; his 
famous song, " Funiculi Funicula," of 
which over half-a-million copies have 
been sold, was composed on the occa- 
sion of the opening of the railway up 
Mount Vesuvius in 1880; originally 
a Neapolitan dialect song, it has been 
arranged in well-nigh every conceivable 
form, and translated into the language 
of every civilised nation. Signor Denza 
has written over 600 songs in different 
languages, and his settings of English 
words are fully as popular as his 
Italian and French songs ; his English 
songs include " Come to me/' " Call 
me back," " River of Rest," " Mar- 
guerite," "Had you but known," 
"Your Voice," "Sweetest Eyes," 
" The Rose Enchanted," " May Morn- 
ing," " Love in the Valley," and he 
has also written numerous duets, part 
songs, and two cantatas for soprano 
and contralto voice : " The Garden 
of Flowers " and " In Arcady." 
Signor Denza is married to Miss Leila 
Dufour, a well-known contralto vocal- 
ist, formerly his pupil ; in 1898 he 

was appointed Professor of Singing at 
the R.A.M., and is a Director of the 
L.A.M., and has also a very large 
private connection of pupils. He is a 
Chevalier to the Crowns of Italy and 
Spain. Address : 16 Abercorn Place, 

BE PACHMANN, Vladimir, pianist ; 
b. Odessa, 27 July, 1848 ; s. of Vincent 
de Pachmann, an Austrian Professor 
of Roman Law, also a musical amateur 
of considerable ability and writer of 
a treatise on harmony, who, moreover, 
had been on terms of intimacy with 
Beethoven and Weber, having lived 
with the latter for two years. At the 
age of six young Vladimir began to 
learn the violin, and from that age 
until he was ten his father gave him 
continuous instruction on the instru- 
ment, while he supervised his studies 
in harmony and thorough-bass. la 
1858, feeling a predilection for the 
piano, Vladimir commenced to study- 
that instrument, still under his father s 
guidance, and practising assiduously. 
At the age of eighteen he was sent to 
the Conservatoire at Vienna, where 
he remained for two years, receiving 
instruction on the piano from Prof. 
J. Dachs and studying counterpoint 
with Prof. Brunckner. He took the 
first prize, a gold medal, for proficiency 
on the piano, and in 1869 returned to 
Russia. At Odessa de Pachmann gave 
his first recitals under the patronage 
of the aristocracy of the city with 
much bclat, and about this time he 
met Carl Tausig, the great pianist, by 
whose marvellous technique he was 
so much impressed that he abandoned 
public performances for some time and 
devoted himself to further practice and 
study. In 1878 he went to Leipzig, 
and played with great success at the 
celebrated Gewandhaus Concerts under 
Carl Reinecke, and also gave numerous 
recitals. He felt, however, that there 
was still something to acquire, and 
accordingly returned to Vienna and 
resigned himself to further study. 
Yielding at length to the requests of 
Prince Hohenlohe and others, he 
reappeared at Bosendorfer's Salon in 
Jan., 1882, all the musical notabilities 
of Vienna being present. From Vienna 
he went to Paris, and gave two recitals 

5 (3141) 





at the Salle Erard in April, 1882, and 
in the same year came to England and 
made his first appearance in London 
at one of Mr. Ganz's orchestral con- 
certs at the St. James's Hall, the late 
Duke of Edinburgh being among the 
audience. He was hailed by the prin- 
cipal critics as a consummate player 
of Chopin, and it is as an exponent of 
that composer's music that he is best 
known and appreciated. He next 
undertook a long tour through Eng- 
land, Ireland and Scotland. He then 
went to Austria, and at a concert at 
Buda-Pesth was publicly embraced 
by Liszt after his performance of one 
of Chopin's sonatas. In April, 1884, 
de Pachmann married Miss Maggie 
Oakey, also an accomplished pianist, 
hailing from Australia, but the mar- 
riage was dissolved. De Pachmann 
has since made extensive travels all 
over Europe and America with un- 
varying success, confining his pro- 
gramme almost exclusively to the 
music of Chopin. Agent : Schulz- 
Curtius & Powell, 44 Regent Street, W. 

DERETNE, Fely, operatic soprano ; 
b. at Marseilles, 1884 ; received musical 
education from Prof. Blasini in same 
place. DSbut at Marseilles Opera 
House and afterwards engaged at 
Nice. Toured in America with San 
Carlo Opera Company, singing in 
"Carmen" and " Pagliacci." First 
appeared at Covent Garden, 1907. 

BE RESZKE, Edouard, operatic 
bass ; b. Warsaw, 1856 ; member of 
a noble Polish family, whose tastes 
were essentially musical and artistic. 
At first intended for agricultural pur- 
suits, but his brother Jean recognised 
the exceptional richness and sonority 
of Edouard's voice, and, taking him 
to Milan, placed him under the well- 
known teachers Stella and Alba. 
After four years' study in Italy with 
these professors and with Coletti at 
Naples, he proceeded to Paris and, 
having received further instruction 
from Sibriglia and his brother Jean, 
made his d6but in " Aida " as Radames, 
Verdi himself directing the first three 
performances. His success induced 
Massenet to engage him for the pro- 
duction of " Le Roi de Lahore " at 

La Scala, Milan ; and after this he 
became world-famous, appearing in 
succession at Turin, Genoa, Trieste 
and Lisbon, after which he was 
appointed first bass at the Grand 
Opera, Paris, where he sang for several 
years in succession. He was also 
secured by Sir Augustus Harris, and 
with his brother became one of the 
principal attractions of the Italian 
Opera season in London. He visited 
Russia, together with Jean de Reszke, 
and repeatedly sang by request before 
the late Czar Alexander II at Gatchina, 
and also appeared at the opera houses 
of St. Petersburg and Moscow. The 
gifted brothers were special favourites 
of Queen Victoria, and frequently 
sang before her at Windsor. like his 
brother he has now retired from the 
stage, and for the greater part of the 
year spends his time on the family 
estates in Poland. 

DE RESZKE, Jean, operatic tenor ; 
b. Warsaw, 1852, brother of Edouard 
de Reszke (<?.#.). Began to sing as 
a boy, and at thirteen was heard in 
the choir of the church of the college 
where he was a pupil ; originally 
destined for the bar, but his musical 
bent soon asserted itself. Commenced 
his study of singing at Warsaw with 
Professor Ciaffei, but at the age of 
nineteen was taken by his father to 
Bologna, where he heard Cotogni in 
Don Carlos. The performance of the 
great Italian baritone exerted a pro- 
found impression on the young artist, 
and making the acquaintance of 
Cotogni he accompanied him on a tour, 
visiting London and St. Petersburg, 
where he heard the best singers of his 
time, including Mario, Tamberlik, 
Graziani, Patti, Titiens and others, 
On the advice of Cotogni, he made his 
operatic d&but in the baritone part of 
the King in "La Favorita. But 
Cotogni was mistaken; nevertheless 
Jean persevered, and for some time 
appeared in a succession of leading 
baritone rdtes at Drury Lane Theatre, 
and Grand Opera, Paris. Acting, how- 
ever, on the advice of M. Sibriglia, he 
devoted himself to the cultivation of 
the upper range of his voice and 
abandoned the stage for a time, 
studying with Sibriglia for two years 




before he made his reappearance on 
the operatic stage. At the end of that 
period he appeared at the Teatro 
Real, Madrid, in the tenor rdle in 
" Robert le Diable " with complete 
success. It was not long before he 
came to London and appeared under 
the banner of Sir Augustus Harris, and 
for several years afterwards he re- 
mained one of the principal attrac- 
tions of the Italian Opera season, 
singing with his brother in a long 
succession of memorable performances 
of grand opera, including not only the 
masterpieces of the Italian and French 
schools, but also several of Wagner's 
operas, including " Lohengrin," the 
" Meistersinger," and "Tristan and 
Isolde," and " Siegfried." In addition 
to annual appearances in London 
he was principal tenor at the Grand 
Opera, Paris, and in New York. 
Massenet composed " The Cid " especi- 
ally for him, and Gounod super- 
intended the revival of " Romeo 
et Juliette," in which he took the 
hero. M. Jean de Reszke retired from 
the stage a few years ago, and he 
resides in a beautiful house in Paris, 
close to the Bois de Boulogne. He has 
given valuable assistance to several 
young English and American vocalists, 
and occasionally gives concerts and 
performances in his private theatre for 
the purpose of starting them on a 
musical career. He is married to la 
Comtesse Maria de la Goulaine. His 
principal recreations are riding, shoot- 
ing and golf, and breeding horses. 
He has been the recipient of numerous 
orders and distinctions from European 
rulers, including the M.V.O. Address : 
51 Rue de la Faisanderie, Bois de 
Boulogne, Paris. 

D'ERL ANGER, Baron Frederic, 

composer ; b. Paris, 29 May, 1868, his 
father being a German banker and 
his mother an American ; studied in 
Paris under Anselm Ehmant; an 
album of songs by My* was published 
before he was twenty-one after which 
he came to London and was naturalized 
as an Englishman ; his compositions 
include three operas : " Jehan de 
Saintre," produced at Aix-les-Bains in 
1894; "Inez Mendo," produced at 
Covent Garden, 1897 ; and " Tess of 

the d'Urbervilles, produced at San 
Carlo, Naples, and Covent Garden, 
1911 ; he has written largely for 
the orchestra, his " Suite Sympho- 
nique " having been produced at 
the Covent Garden Promenade Con- 
certs in 1895 ; his quintet for piano 
and strings was played at the St. 
James's Hall in 1902, and a violin 
concerto was first performed by Herr 
Kreisler at a Philharmonic Concert in 
1902 ; he has also written string 
quartets, a sonata for violin and 
piano, and other works, including 
numerous songs. 

DESTINN, Emmy, soprano; b. at 
Prague in Bohemia, 20 Feb., 1878 ; 
d. of Emmanuel Kittel. She began 
her education as a violinist under 
Lachner. From 1892 to 1898 studied 
under Maria Loewe-Destinn, whose 
name she adopted. In 1898 engaged at 
the Royal Opera House, Berlin, and in 
1901 she sang the part of Senta at 
Bayreuth. In 1904 she first appeared 
as Senta in the " Flying Dutchman " 
and Nedda in " Pagliacci " at Covent 
Garden. Created part of heroine in 
Puccini's " Madame Butterfly " and 
Tatiana in " Eugene Onegin." She 
herself places the character second in 
interest to that of Senta among her 
favourite operatic rdles : Aida, San- 
tuzza, Nedda, Armide, Venus, Elsa, 
and Maddalena in " Andrea Chenier." 
Her hobby is writing and versifying, 
collecting rare books and beautiful 

DELUNOHAM, Lilian, soprano ; b. 
Skipton, Yorks. Studied solo singing 
with H. Chilver Wilson in London, 
and Frank Davidson at Keighley. 
Sang " Angelus " from " Elijah " at 
Town Hall, Leeds, 1910, when she 
met with a striking success, and 
received warm congratulations of 
Mmes. Clara Butt and Agnes NichoUs. 
Has since appeared at many good 
provincial concerts. Address : Im- 
perial Concert Agency, 524 Birkbeck 
Bank Chambers, Holborn. Telephone 
No. : 5378 Holborn. Telegraphic 
address : " Shylock, London." 

DILYS-JONES (Miss), operatic con- 
tralto; b. Wales; received musical 





training in London ; made her d&but 
at Covent Garden Theatre, in 1911, 
during the autumn performances of 
Wagner's " Ring," when she took some 
of the minor rdles : Rossweisse in 
" Die Walkure," etc. She owes this 
to Dr. Richter's interest in her very 
promising career. 

DOCKER, P. A. W., organist, pianist, 
conductor and composer of Church 
music ; 6. in London, 14 Aug., 1852, 
his father, Mr. Edward Docker, being 
an ironfounder in Staffordshire ; e. 
at St. Andrews, Wells Street, and at 
the age of twelve an articled pupil of 
the late Sir Joseph Barnby; also at 
the R.A.M. under Sterndale Bennett, 
W. H. Holmes, Dr. Steggall and Sulli- 
van. Made his first appearance in 1869 
at Exeter Hall as organist to the 
Oratorio Concerts, with Sir Joseph 
Barnby as conductor. Has been 
organist and choirmaster at St. 
Andrews, Wells Street, since 1871. 
Was conductor of the Handel Society, 
1882, and received the congratulations 
of H.M. King Edward (when Prince 
of Wales) on a performance of the 
Society in 1884 ; Kyrle Society, 1886 ; 
and various London choral societies. 
Appointed professor of the organ at 
the G.S.M., 1895. Examiner at the 
R.A.M., and Examiner and Lecturer 
at Trinity College, and F.R.A.M. 
Mr. Docker's hobbies include architec- 
ture, history and biography, walking 
and playing cricket. Is a member of 
the Royal Academy Club. Address : 
Okeford, Sudbury, Harrow. 

DODGE, Elizabeth, soprano; b. 
near Boston, U.S.A. ; d. of Rufus 
Dodge, by his wife Caroline Barttett 
Smith; e. at Salem, Massachusetts 
and Boston; prepared for musical 
profession at New York and Paris; 
first appeared professionally at New 
York, at a concert at titxe Waldorf 
Astoria HoteL Her principal engage- 
ments include Bach Orchestral Concert, 
New York, 1899 ; Mendelssohn Club, 
Orange, New York, 1899; Apollo 
Club, Philadelphia, 1899 ; tour through 
Southern States, 1900, since which 
she has frequently sung at concerts 
and in salons in Paris and London, 
including the American Embassy, 

1906. Agent : Concert direction 
E. L. Robinson, 7 Wigmore Street, W. 

DOHNANYI, Ernst Von, pianist; 
b. Pressburg, Hungary, 27 July, 1877 ; 
early musical training from his father ; 
at the age of eight was under Carl 
Forstner, organist of Pressburg Cathe- 
dral, remaining with him for nearly 
nine years; he then entered the 
Royal Academy of Music at Buda- 
Pesth; under H. Thoman and Hans 
Kossler he had already composed 
numerous pieces, principally for orches- 
tra and stringed instruments, and at 
Buda-Pesth his Symphony in F was 
produced in 1897 and awarded the 
King's prize ; the same year received 
instruction from Eugend D'Albert, 
and a little later made his first appear- 
ance at Berlin, and subsequently at 
Vienna ; has since played throughout 
Germany, Austria and Hungary, and 
subsequently came to England, making 
his first appearance at a Richter con- 
cert at the Queen's Hall, playing 
Beethoven's concerto in G Major, 
October, 1898 ; in 1899 he visited the 
United States, and has since occasion- 
ally appeared in England at compara- 
tively rare intervals ; since 1908 has 
been professor of piano at Royal 
High School of Music at Berlin, and 
has written largely for his own instru- 
ment ; compositions include a quintet 
for piano and strings, first performed 
in Buda-Pesth in 1895, symphony, 
"Zrinyi," performed at Buda-Pesth 
and winning the King's prize, five 
piano pieces including a charming 
intermezzo and a scherzo, a pianoforte 
concerto, variations on a theme for 
the piano ; a string quartet, first 
performed in London, 1889 ; a sonata 
for 'cello and piano, a symphony in 
D Minor, and other pieces for violin 
and piano. 

d'OISLY, Mauriee, operatic tenor; 
b. 2 Nov., 1882, at Tunbridge Wells ; 
s. of Georges Maurice and Emma 
d'Oisly, nie Stevens; e. at Welling- 
borough Grammar School and Colldge 
de Blois, France; musical education 
by M. Maurice Noel at Blois, and at 
R.A.M. by Matthay (piano) and 
Fred King (singing). Made operatic 
dtbut at Covent Garden, London, Jan., 





1909, in " Die Meistersinger." Has 
appeared there every season since ; 
also Glasgow Orchestral Concerts (1910- 
11), OstendKursal (1911), Halle Con- 
certs (1911-12), Liverpool Philharmonic 
(191 1-12), etc. Favourite part: Rudolf o 
in " La Boheme." Recreations : Riding 
and swimming. A ddress : c/o Imperial 
Concert Agency, 524 Birkbeck Bank 
Chambers, Holborn, London. Tele- 
phone : 5378 Holborn. 

DOLMETSCH, Hflene, 'cellist and 
viol da Gamba ; b. 14 April, 1880 at 
Nancy, France; e. partly in London 
and partly in Germany. Made her 
debut in 1887 as a child 'cellist at 
Marlborough Rooms, London. Address : 
80 KnoUys Road, Streatham, S.W. 

DONALDA, Pauline (Lights tone), 

soprano ; b. Montreal, Canada, 5 Mar., 
1884; d. of Michael Lightstone, 
manufacturer, by his wife, Fanny 
Goldberg; sister of Dr. Lightstone, 
who served in American-Cuban War 
and the South African campaign, as 
Red Cross surgeon ; e. Royal Victoria 
College, Montreal, where she also 
received her preliminary musical train- 
ing ; this was followed by two years' 
private tuition under M. Edmond 
Duvernoy, Professor at the Paris 
Conservatoire ; first appeared at Nice, 
30 Dec., 1904, in the rdle of Manon 
in the opera of that name by Massenet. 
Her principal engagements since then 
have been at the Theatre de la Mon- 
naie, Brussels, the Royal Opera, 
Covent Garden; debut, May, 1905, 
as Micaela in " Carmen," where 
she has made several most successful 
appearances, and the Grand Opera, 
Paris, 1907 et seq. During her appear- 
ance at the Royal Opera, Covent 
Garden, 1906, she was married to the 
popular French tenor, M. Seveilhac. 
Her nom de theatre is a local term used 
for the students of the McGill College, 
Montreal, after its founder, Lord 
Strathcona, whose Christian name is 
Donald. Her favourite parts are 
Marguerite in " Faust " and Mimi in 
"La Boheme." Agent : N. Vert, 
6 Cork Street, W. 

DONALDSON, Sir George, Kt, well- 
known musical amateur and art patron, 

presented collection of musical instru- 
ments to R.C.M. ; is a Director of the 
R.A.M., Chevalier of the Legion 
d'Honneur in France, and a Knight 
in Germany. Address : Union Club, 

DOPPLER, Arpad, composer and 
conductor ; b. Pesth, 5 June, 1857 ; 
s. of Carl Doppler, a well-known 
flautist ; studied at the Conservatoire, 
Stuttgart, and is now a professor there ; 
went to New York, 1880, and was a 
professor of the piano at the Grand 
Conservatorium ; three years later he 
returned to Stuttgart, where he was 
subsequently appointed chorus-master 
and assistant conductor at the Court 
Theatre ; his compositions include an 
opera, a festival overture, orchestral 
pieces and a quantity of piano music 
and songs. Address : Royal Court 
Theatre, Stuttgart. 

DORLY, Zorah, operatic soprano ; 
b. Naples. Studied piano when eleven 
years of age at Milan. In 1907 began 
studying singing in Paris. In 1908 
made debut at Marseilles as " Mme. 
Butterfly " ; was later engaged at 
Monnaie, Brussels, beginning with 
Manon and including in her repertoire 
both " Faust " and "Madame 
Butterfly/ 1 

DOUTJtUTT, Wilfrid, baritone; 6. 
18 Mar., 1888, at Belgravia; s. of 
John R. Douthitt ; trained for musical 
profession by Clara Novello-Davies ; 
began as an architect, eventually took 
up music. Has sung at Cardiff, Nor- 
wich, and Birmingham Festivals, 
Liverpool Philharmonic, etc., etc. 
Was engaged as principal at London 
Opera House and in performance of 
" Everywoman," Drury Lane, 1912. 
Address: Chatham House, George 
Street, Hanover Square, W. 

DOW, Clara, soprano; 6. King's 
Lynn, Norfolk, 1883; e. at R.C.M. 
under late Henry Blower; first ap- 
peared Savoy Theatre, 1907, in " Gon- 
doliers " ; took title-rdte in " Pa- 
tience," 1907, and principal soprano 
in many other Gilbert and Sullivan 

DBACH, Paul, conductor, chorus- 
master at Royal Opera, Covent Garden, 




where he also conducted once or twice 
during 1912 season ; conductor at 
Stuttgart Opera House. 

DRAPER, Charles, clarinettist; b. 
at Odcombe, Somerset, in 1869, the 
brother of Mr. Paul Draper, who 
coached him for his profession till he 
gained an open scholarship for five 
years at the R.C.M. Made his first 
professional appearance at Penarth in 
1879 ; was principal clarinet two years 
at the Crystal Palace, and is a member 
of Philharmonic, Leeds Festival and 
Three Choirs Festival orchestras ; one 
of the founders of the New Symphony 
Orchestra, professor at the R.A.M. and 
G.S.M., and a member of the King's 
private band ; produced Stanford's 
Clarinet Concerto at Philharmonic 
Concert. Mr. Draper married Miss 
Eliz. Carrington in 1895. Address : 
40 Clarendon Road, Putney, S.W. 

DRDLA, Frans, violinist and com- 
poser ; b. Saar on 28 Sept., 1868 ; 
e. under Prof. Ed. Helmesberger of the 
Conservatorium, Vienna (violin), Prof. 
Krenn (counterpoint and composition), 
Prof. Zottman (piano) ; gained the 
first prize and the Society's gold medal ; 
joined the Vienna Opera Orchestra for 
three years, afterwards as leader of 
orchestra of the Theater a/d Wien, 
then bandmaster of the Carl Theater ; 
was successful as concert player at 
Vienna, the principal provincial towns 
of Austria and abroad ; has composed 
many violin pieces played in public by 
Kubelik, Elman, etc., also numerous 
songs of merit. Address : Vienna IV, 
Kleine Neugasse 10. 

DRESCHER, Karl Wilhelm, con- 
ductor; b. Vienna, 12 Dec., 1850; 
studied at the Vienna Conservatorium ; 
started life as a chorus boy at the 
Vienna Opera House; afterwards 
joined Philipp Fahrbach's orchestra, 
that of Johan, Josef, and Ed. Strauss, 
and that of the lamented " Komische 
Oper." Became bandmaster of his 
own band in 1874 ; has been decorated 
with numerous orders and medals. 
Composed over 200 works of the light 
Viennese type. Well known in Eng- 
land and the United States of America 
on account of several " Salon Orches- 
tras" which play under his flag. 

A ddress : Vienna V, Kettenbriickenstr 

DRESSEL, Dettmar, violinist; b. 
London, 1880 ; s. of Richard Dressel 
and Lina Schulz ; his father was a 
professor of the piano at the G.S.M.. 
who had been forced to leave Paris at 
time of Franco-German War ; m., 
1907, Amelie Thulstrup, of Stockholm ; 
e. Weimar; studied under August 
Wilhelmj and later with Ysaye ; first 
appeared at the St. James's Hall, 1898, 
as solo violinist ; toured Ireland and 
the provinces 1899 ; gave his own 
recital at St. James's Hall ; has also 
played at the Queen's Hall and Albert 
Hall concerts ; toured in Germany 
1902-3 ; he was commanded to play 
to Queen Carola of Saxony ; in later 
years he has toured all over Europe ; 
he has now settled in London, where 
he devotes a certain amount of time 
to talented pupils. Wilhelmj presented 
him with his own concert bow when 
he made his debut. Recreations : Chess 
and billiards. Agent : L. G. Sharpe, 
61 Regent Street. Address : 51 Edith 
Road, West Kensington, W. 

DRESSEL, Otto, pianist ; b. London, 
16 April, 1880 ; s. of Richard Dressel 
(q.v.). Mr. Otto Dressel was educated 
at Weimar and under his father, and 
also studied in Chicago under Arthur 
Friedheim. He made his debut at 
Steinway Hall in 1903. Appointed 
professor of the G.S.M. on the death 
of his father in 1904. Brother of 
Mr. Dettmar Dressel, violinist (q.v.). 
Address: 51 Edith Road, West 
Kensington, and G.S.M. Agent : 
L. G. Sharpe, 61 Regent Street. 

DREVER, Constance, actress, 
operatic and concert vocalist; b. 
Coonoor, Neilgherry Hills, Madras ; 
d. of late Col. W. S. Drever, C.S.I., 
Madras Staff Corps; e. Brussels and 
Paris ; studied with Mons. Tequi, 
Signor Panzani, Odoardo Bam, and 
Edwin Wareham; first appeared on 
stage in " The Princess of Kensington " 
at Savoy Theatre, 1903, as principal 
soprano and made a great success ; 
went back to Paris to study, and at 
the latter end of 1905 she was engaged 
to sing on the George Alexander 





Recital Tour, and appeared in the 
title-rdle of " Amasis on tour, 1907, 
and in " Merry Widow " at Daly's, 
1908 ; in revival of " Dorothy " at 
New Theatre, 1908; appeared at 
Apollo Theatre, Paris, 1909, in title- 
rdle of " Merry Widow," and at 
Lyric Theatre, 1910, as Nadina in 
"Chocolate Soldier," making an 
enormous success, the piece running 
throughout 1911 ; Dec., 1911, as 
Countess Rosalinda in " Nightbirds " ; 
in 1912 as Tatiana in the " Grass 
Widows " at Apollo Theatre, London, 
and as Lady Babby in " Gipsy Love " 
at Daly's Theatre. Recreations : 
Tennis, yachting, and golfing. Ad- 
dress : Daly's Theatre, W.C. 

DUBOIS, Theodore, composer; b. 
Rosnay (Marne), 1837 ; entered the 
Paris Conservatoire in 1854, studying 
under Thomas, and obtained numerous 
prizes for harmony, etc., finally gaining 
the Prix de Rome in 1861 ; was 
accompagnateur at the Invalides (1855- 
58) / maitre-de-chapelle at St. Clotilde 
(1863-68), where he succeeded Cesar 
Franck ; maitre-de-chapelle at the 
Madeleine (1868-75) under Saint-Saens, 
whom he succeeded as organist, re- 
maining there until 1896; was Pro- 
fessor of Harmony at the Conserva- 
toire (1871-91), and succeeded Delibes 
as Professor of Composition (1891-96) ; 
member of the Institute (1894), and 
succeeded A. Thomas as Director of 
the Conservatoire (1896-1905) ; elected 
member of the Academy of Fine Arts, 
in 1894, in succession to Gounod. 
Principal works are the oratorio, " Les 
Sept Paroles de Christ," first performed 
at St. Clotilde (1867), and known all 
over the world ; " La Guzla de 1'Emir " 
(op6ra-comique) ; " Paradis Perdu," 
oratorio, 1878 ; opera, " Le Pain Bis " 
(1879) ; " La Farandole," ballet (1883) ; 
" Aben Hamet," opera (1884) ; " Xa- 
vier," opera (1895) ; " Messe Ponti- 
ficate " (1896) ; piano concerto (1897) ; 
violin concerto (1898) ; " Messe de St. 
Remi " (1900) ; " Symphonie fran- 
caise " (1907) ; trio for violin and 
'cello (1911) ; besides a great number 
of other works and treatises upon 
music. M. Dubois is Commander of 
the Legion of Honour. Address : 201 
Boulevard Pereire, Paris. 

DUESBERG, Nora, violinist; b. 
in Vienna ; d. of well-known Austrian 
violinist, Herr August Duesberg and 
the pianist Natalie Duesberg. Early 
instruction was given by her parents 
and at eleven years of age she made 
her debut in the Musikverein Hall, 
Vienna. One year later she became 
a pupil of Sevcik and entered the 
Meisterschule. Before leaving she 
gained the highest or State Diploma ; 
visited England, 1911, with Herr 

DUKAS, Paul, composer ; b. in 
Paris of French parents, 1 Oct., 1865 ; 
when he was fourteen, began to show 
signs of his future eminence as a 
musician ; e. at the Lycee Charlemagne 
and for music at the Paris Conser- 
vatoire, which he entered at the end 
of 1881, as a pupil of Mathias (piano), 
Dubois (harmony), and Guiraud (com- 
position) ; in 1886 he took a first 
prize for counterpoint and fugue, and 
in 1888, he was awarded the second 
Grand Prix de Rome for his cantata 
"Velleda." Not having gained the 
Grand Prix itself, he left off writing 
for a time to take up his military 
service; his debut as composer was 
made by an orchestral overture 
" Polyeucte," performed at the 
Lamoureux Concerts, 1892; in 1895 
he assisted Saint-Saens to finish the 
score of " Fredegonde," an opera left 
incomplete by his master Guiraud ; in 
1897 appeared his " Apprenti-Sorcier," 
a Symphonic Scherzo that has achieved 
fame in this country and elsewhere; 
his other major compositions include 
a ballet, "La Peri," 1911, " Ariane 
and Barbe Bleue," a musical tale in 
three acts to a libretto by Maeterlinck, 
1907, first seen at the Opera Comique. 
M. Dukas has contributed regularly 
to various periodicals, including the 
Courrier Musical and the Revue 
Hebdomadaire ; he was created 
chevalier of the Legion d'honneur in 
1906, Prof, of the orchestral class 
and member of the teaching Council 
at the Conservatoire, 1909. 

DUNHELL, Thomas Frederick, com- 
poser, pianist and teacher ; b. Hamp- 
stead, 1 Feb., 1877; e. at St. 
John's Wood and at Kent College, 





Canterbury. Became a student at the 
R.C.M. in 1893 ; gained composition 
scholarship, 1897; studied with 
Franklin Taylor and Sir Charles 
Stanford. For nine years pianoforte 
professor at Eton College. Examiner 
for Associated Board, in which capa- 
city he has twice visited Australasia. 
Founded in 1907 the Thos. Dunhill 
Concerts of British chamber music, a 
series of which have been given 
annually at Steinway Hall. Principal 
compositions : " Valse Fantasia," for 
flute and orchestra (Crystal Palace), 
"Comrades," song, baritone and orches- 
tra (Worcester Festival, 1905), " Capri- 
cious Variations " for 'cello and orches- 
tra (Queen's Hall, 1911), "The Wind 
among the Reeds" songs, tenor and 
orchestra (Philharmonic Society, 191 2) ; 
several quintets, quartets, trios, etc. ; 
lectures on musical subjects. Ap- 
pointed Professor of Harmony and 
Counterpoint at the R.C.M., 1905. 
Address : 17 Frances Road, Windsor 

DUNN, John, solo violinist; b. 16 
Feb., 1866, at Hull, the son of Robert 
Pickering Dunn and his wife nie Rose 
Hannah Baxter ; e. privately and for 
music in first instance by his brother, 
who was leader of the Hull Theatre 
Orchestra. Was sent at 12 years of 
age to Leipzig Conservatorium, where 
he studied under Henry Schradieck 
for violin, and Richter and Jadassohn 
for harmony and counterpoint till he 
was 15 years old. Made his dtbut in 

1875 at Hull in one of the Baker 
Street Saturday Evening Concerts. 
Seven years later made his first appear- 
ance in London at Covent Garden 
Proms. (Oct., 1882). Has since played 
at most of the leading concert societies 
in the United Kingdom, including 
the London Philharmonic Society. 
Was the first artist to introduce the 
Tschaikovsky concerto in London and 
was at once recognised as one of the 
leading violinists of the day, a dis- 
tinction he has since maintained. Has 
written a violin concerto (unpublished), 
and some violin pieces and cadenzas 
to the Beethoven concerto, etc. 
Recreations : Cycling and walking, 
boating, etc. Member I.S.M. and of 
Arts and Dramatic Club. Address : 
3 Nottingham Mansions, London, W, 

DYKE, Spencer, violinist ; b. Corn- 
wall, 1880. Won a silver medal, pre- 
sented by the late Duke of Saxe- 
Coburg, at the age of ten. At seventeen 
won the Dove Scholarship at R.A.M. 
Studied under Hans Wessely, also 
winning the R.A.M. club prize, and 
on leaving the R.A.M. in 1901 was 
made an associate and later on a pro- 
fessor. Mr. Dyke has appeared at the 
principal London Concerts, and has a 
large teaching connection. He is a 
member of the Wessely Quartet, and 
has written some pieces and studies 
for his instrument. Address : Stud- 
leigh, Heber Road, Cricklewood, N.W. 
Telephone : 28 WiUesden. 

EAMES, Madame Emma, operatic 
soprano ; b. Shanghai, 13 Aug., 
1867 ; of American parentage, her father 
practising as a lawyer in the Inter- 
national Courts at Shanghai. Received 
her earliest musical training from her 
mother, and when her parents returned 
to Boston under Miss Clara Munger. 
After two years with Miss Munger was 
taken to Paris by her mother and 
placed with Madame Mathilde Mar- 
ches!. She next went to Brussels in 
order to commence her professional 
career. The opportunity not presenting 
itself for her to appear as a prima donna 

she was dissuaded by M. Gevaert, the 
director of the Brussels Conservatoire, 
from appearing in a secondary part. 
Accordingly she returned to Paris, 
where she was engaged to appear at 
the Op6ra Comique, but in consequence 
of delay obtained the cancellation of 
the contract, and taking the place of 
the prima donna, who was temporarily 
indisposed, appeared at the Grand 
Opera on 13 Mar., 1889, as the heroine 
in " Romeo et Juliette," with enormous 
success. The success she achieved on 
her initial performance was confirmed 
by her subsequent impersonation of 





Marguerite in " Faust." Made her 
first appearance in this country as 
Marguerite at the Royal Italian Opera, 
Covent Garden, 7th April, 1891, and 
was retained as prima donna through- 
out the season, appearing, among 
other operas, in " Lohengrin " as Elsa 
and as the heroine of " Otello." At 
the close of this season she was married 
to Mr. Julian Story, a well-known 
painter, and son of the celebrated 
sculptor Mr. W. W. Story. A few 
months later she sailed with her 
husband for America, where she ap- 
peared in grand opera under Messrs. 
Abbey and Grau, together with the 
brothers de Reszke and other celebra- 
ted artists. In Boston she sang in the 
Masonic Hall before an audience of 
over eight thousand people, in a recital 
of " Faust," with the MM. de Reszke. 
At New York Madame Eames sang 
in " Romeo," " Faust," " Lohengrin " 
and " Cavalleria Rusticana." Return- 
ing to London for the season in 1892, 
she appeared in her favourite rdles, and 
added to her repertoire the Countess 
in " H Nozze di Figaro," and the 
heroine in " La Luce del Asia " by 
de Lara. For several seasons after this 
sang regularly at Covent Garden, and 
visited America for the opera season ; 
of late years has not appeared in 
London. For many years past she has 
resided with her husband in Rome, or 
at their country house at Vallambrosa. 
She also visits Paris every year. Ad- 
dress : Torre de Campiglioni, Vallam- 
brosa, Italy; and 7 Place des tats 
Unis, Paris. 

ECKHOLD. Herman Riehd., con- 
ductor ; b. ochandau, Saxonia, Ger- 
many, 1855 ; 5. of Reinhard Eckhold ; 
m. Clara Vogel of Dresden, 1878 ; e. at 
Dresden Conservatorium, 1867-1871. 
First appeared at Dresden as Kammer- 
musikuo, 1870; formerly held posi- 
tions as Konigl. Sachs. Kammer- 
musikus, Grossherzl, Oldenberg ; Hof- 
concertmeister and conductor of opera 
at Mayence, also member of the 
Wagner Festspielhaus Orchestra, Bay- 
reuth ; his compositions include cham- 
ber music, concerto for violin and 
and orchestra, concerto for 'cello and 
orchestra, sinfonietta for wood instru- 
ments and two horns, opera in one 


act, " Biondella," and a number - { 
songs, etc. He came to England as 
principal conductor of the Carl Rosa 
Opera Company in 1894; joined the 
Qrau-Savage Opera Company in Amer- 
ica as principal conductor, 1900 ; since 
which he has held the position of 
principal conductor of the Moody- 
Manners Opera Company. His favour- 
ite occupation is conducting operas by 
Wagner. Address : 17 Martin Luther 
Strasse, Dresden; and Moody- 
Manners Stores, Hendon, Middlesex. 

EDGAR, Clifford Blackburn, well- 
known amateur musician ; received 
musical training at G.S.M. and at 
Owens College, Manchester ; B.Sc., 
Manchester, 1882; Mus.B., (Lond.) 
1889. Representative of Graduates of 
Miusic on Senate University, London ; 
Vice-President of Musical Association ; 
Senior Warden of Worshipful Com- 
pany of Musicians; Member English 
Committee, International Musical So- 
ciety, President Richmond Philhar- 
monic Society since 1896. Address : 
Wedderlie, Queen's Road, Richmond, 

EDBIUNDSON, Osborne, pianist and 
teacher; b. St. Helens, Lancashire, 
2 Feb., 1868; e. Leipzig Conserva- 
toire, where he studied pianoforte with 
Johannes Weidenbach and Reinecke 
and composition with Jadassohn ; sub- 
sequently he studied solo pianoforte 
with Stavenhagen and Professor Martin 
Rrausse; received his early musical 
education from his father, an excellent 
amateur ; afterwards studied the piano 
under Dr. R. W. Crowe, from the age of 
eleven to sixteen, at Liverpool ; then 
at Leipzig from 1886 to 1892 ; played 
at various concerts in the North of 
England as solo pianist when quite 
young ; made several appearances in 
Leipzig; organist at the Congrega- 
tional Chapel, St. Helens, when fifteen 
years of age ; has given many recitals ; 
is prizeman of the Leipzig Conserva- 
toire, where he obtained his diploma ; 
succeeded Heir Adolph Krausse, April, 
1900, as Director of the German 
Institute of Music, Liverpool; has 
frequently appeared as solo pianist 
in Liverpool; compositions include 
pianoforte pieces, songs, cantata, " The 




Captivity " ; also anthems and part 
songs. Recreations : Chess and fishing. 
Address: 46 Bedford Street, N. 

EDVINA, Marie Louise Lucienne 
Juliet, operatic soprano (Hon. Mrs. 
Cecil Edwardes), (n6e Marie Louise 
Martin) of French-Canadian birth ; 
b. Quebec ; d. of F. X. Martin, of 
Vancouver, B.C. ; m. 1901, Hon. 
Cecil Edwardes, third son of fourth 
Baron Kensington, and has two 
daughters; e. Convent of Sacred 
Heart, Montreal. Studied with Jean 
des Reszke, 1904-8. Debut at Covent 
Garden as Marguerite, 15 July, 1908 ; 
and has since played titte-rdles in 
Debussy's " Pelleas and Melisande " 
and Charpentier's " Louise." 

EDWARDS, Henry John, organist 
and composer ; b. Barnstaple, Devon, 
24 Feb., 1854; studied under his 
father, a famous organist of his day ; 
and in 1874-7 under Sterndale Bennett 
(pianoforte and orchestration), George 
Macfarren (composition), and H. C. 
Banister (harmony) ; proceeded to 
Oxford, where he took the degree of 
Mus.Bac. (1876) and Mus.Doc. (1885); 
in 1886 succeeded his father as organist 
of Barnstaple Parish Church, a position 
he still holds. In 1896 was appointed 
conductor of the Exeter Oratorio 
Society ; is a pianist as well as organ- 
ist, and has frequently played at 
concerts in his own county ; his 
oratorio, "The Ascension," was per- 
formed at the Western Counties 
Festival at Exeter in 1888, and his 
motet, " Praise to the Holiest," at the 
head of the Festival in 1891 ; he has 
also written a cantata, " The Epi- 
phany," performed at Barnstaple in 
1891 an oratorio (" The Risen Lord " 
regarded by its composer as his 
magnum opus), church services, an- 
thems, numerous songs and part 
songs, and a triumphal march. Per- 
formed Covent Garden Promenade 
Concert, 1883. Is an Examiner for 
Associated Board ; and is unmarried. 
Was appointed Past Grand Organist 
in 1905 ; member of the I.S.M. and 
Associate Royal Philharmonic Society. 
Address: Taw Vale Parade, Barn- 

EHRLICH, Rosa, violinist ; b. 1896, 
in Constantinople of Galician parents, 
her mother being a violinist ; made 
her first public appearance at seven 
years of age, when still a pupil at 
R.A.M., Buda-Pesth. In 1907 she 
began her studies with Sevcik at 
Prague, and in 1909 entered the Vienna 
Meisterschule, winning the school 
certificate at thirteen years of age 
She has played at concerts in Vienna 
and other large cities. Visited London 
with her master in 1911. 

EIBENSCHUTZ, Dona, pianist; b. 
Buda-Pesth, 8 May, 1873 ; first ap- 
peared as a child of six at Vienna, and 
travelled all over the Continent before 
she was ten years old ; studied at the 
Vienna Conservatoire under Hans 
Schmidt, and was at Frankfort with 
Madame Schumann for four years ; at 
the age of seventeen she recommenced 
her public career, playing at Cologne 
at the Leipzig Gewandhaus, and at the 
Richter Concerts in Vienna; made 
her first appearance in London at a 
Monday Popular Concert in 1891 ; she 
was for some time one of the leading 
pianistes of the day, but since her 
marriage to Mr. Carl Derenburg, in 
1901, her appearances have been infre- 
quent. She has recently appeared in 
London (Jan., 1913) with the Ros6 

EISDELL, Hubert Mortimer, tenor ; 
b. 21 Sept., 1882, Hampstead ; e. at 
public school and Caius College, 
Camb. ; took B.A. 1904, and held 
Musical Exhibition four years. Trained 
by V. Beigall. Began life as science 
teacher, Toronto. First appearance in 
1909 at Ballad Concert, Queen's Hall, 
and re-engaged each year since. En- 
gaged also for Liza Lehmann tour 
through United States and Canada. 
Hobbies : Shooting, fishing, cricket, 
and tennis. Address : 128 A Alex- 
andra Road, St. John's Wood. Tele- 
phone No. : 4403 Hamp. 

ELGAR, Sir Edward, 1 composer; 
b. Broadheath, near Worcester, 2 June, 

1 It is hoped that a future issue of this work 
will contain a fuller and authoritative account 
of the life and works of Sir Ed. Elgar who has 
most generously promised to undertake the 
revision of the article himself. 





1857; s. of the late W. H. Elgar, 
formerly organist of St. George's, 
Roman Catholic Church, Worcester, 
and his wife (nee Ann Greening) belong- 
ing to a Herefordshire family. Re- 
ceived his early musical education from 
his father, an excellent violinist, and 
father and son were at one time both 
members of the same orchestra, and 
played at the Three Choirs' Festivals. 
While still at school at Littleton, near 
Worcester, he sometimes acted as sub- 
stitute for his father at the organ ; at 
the age of twenty came to London and 
obtained a few violin lessons from the 
late Adolphe Pollitzer. In 1882 he 
visited Leipzig, and in same year was 
appointed conductor of the Worcester 
Amateur Instrumental Society ; three 
years later succeeded his father as 
organist of St. George's Church, re- 
signing in 1889. In 1889 married the 
only daughter of the late General Sir 
Henry G. Roberts, K.C.B., and came 
to London, where he lived until 1891, 
when he moved to Malvern. The first 
work that stamped him as a composer 
of distinction was " Scenes from the 
Saga of King Olaf," first performed at 
the North Staffordshire Festival (Han- 
ley, 1896) ; previously to this he had 
composed nearly thirty pieces, which 
have since been published, including 
his popular melody " Salut d' Amour," 
the " Froissart " overture (1890), and 
the oratorio "Lux Christi," "The 
Black Knight," composed in 1893, and 
"Scenes from the Bavarian High- 
lands," 1896. In 1904 he took up his 
residence at Hereford, by which time 
his fame was fully established by his 
great work, "The Dream of Geron- 
tius," first produced at the Birming- 
ham Festival in 1900, and performed 
the following year at Dusseldorf, and 
in 1902 at the Lower Rhine Musical 
Festival ; in 1903 the first and second 
parts of a trilogy, "The Apostles," 
was produced at the Birmingham 
Festival, while its continuation, " The 
Kingdom," was first performed in 
1906. Since that date an endless 
stream of superb compositions has 
flowed from the composer's pen, many 
of which rank high among modern 
classics, and have spread the fame of 
English music far and wide among 
continental nations. Sir Edward Elgar 

received the honour of knighthood in 
1904, and holds the degrees honoris 
causa of Doctor of Music at Oxford, 
Cambridge, Durham, and Yale. Ad- 
dress : 42 Netherhall Gardens, Hamp- 
stead. Club : Athenasum. 

ELLICOTT, Rosalind Frances, com- 
poser and pianiste ; b. Cambridge, 
14 Nov., 1857 ; d. of the Right Rev. 
Charles John Ellicott, formerly Bishop 
of Gloucester, her mother being an 
accomplished musician and vocalist, 
who established the Handel Society in 
London in 1882. Entered the R.A.M. 
at the age of seventeen, studying under 
Profs. Westlake and Wingham. Her 
compositions include cantatas, " Ra- 
diant Sister of the Day," Chelten- 
ham, 1887, Bristol and Gloucester, 
1888; "Elysium," Gloucester Festi- 
val, 1889; "The Birth of Song," 
Gloucester, 1892 ; " Henry of Na- 
varre," for men's voices, Oxford, 
1894 ; she has also composed several 
overtures, including Dramatic Over- 
ture, Gloucester, 1886 ; Concert Over- 
ture, St. James's Hall, 1886 ; a Fan- 
tasia in A -minor, for piano and orches- 
tra, Gloucester, 1895, also a quantity 
of chamber music, much of which 
remains unpublished. Elected A.R.A.M. 
in 1896. Address : 35 Great Cumber- 
land Place, W. 

ELLIOTT, Percy, violinist, compo- 
ser and conductor ; b. Dunstable, 
31 Dec., 1870 ; s. of W. O. Elliott, 
J.P., manufacturer ; e. privately ; 
entered R.A.M., 1887 ; received bronze 
and silver medals for violin ; appointed 
sub-professor of violin and awarded 
certificate; first appeared as solo 
violinist St. James's Hall Concerts ; 
toured provinces as musical director, 
1901 ; South Africa, tour for twenty 
months, 1903-4, as musical director, 
successively with Mouillot and De 
Jong, B. and F. Wheeler, Robert 
Brough, etc. ; composer of numerous 
songs, including "A Sprig of White 
Heather," "My Dainty Cigarette," 
" Sleep and Forget," " Sweetest and 
Dearest" (latter being composed for 
and sung by Ben Davies, and awarded 
prize at Welsh Eisteddfod, 1902). 
Address : 16 The Drive, Fulham Park 
Gardens, S.W. 





ELMAN, Miseha, violinist ; b. 1892 
of Russian parentage ; his grandfather 
a public performer in the Sonth of 
Russia, and his father a poor Jewish 
schoolmaster from the village of 
Talnoje, also a violin player. When 
only four and a half years old he was 
given a tiny fiddle by his father, and 
upon playing upon it to a great lady 
received an offer of free education 
upon condition he became a Catholic, 
an offer his father declined. His father, 
however, took him to Odessa, where he 
studied under Fidelmann (a pupil of 
Brodsky) till he was ten. At that 
age Auer heard him play, and was so 
greatly struck that he besought the 
Czar for permission to have him taught 
at the Imperial Conservatoire at St. 
Petersburg. In spite of his Jewish 
parentage, the request was happily 
granted, and the family came to live 
in St. Petersburg for the purpose. 
In 1904 he made his first platform 
appearance, and was immediately 
hailed as a star of the first magnitude, 
He began a foreign tour at Berlin, 
then going to Dresden, Copenhagen 
and other great capitals, he created 
a furore, and when he arrived in 
London the musical world received 
him with open arms. He now stands 
high among that select band whom 
musicians agree to consider above 
criticism, and who are looked upon 
as great artists. Agent : Daniel 

ELWES, Oervase (Gerrase Gary* 
Elwes), tenor vocalist; b. at Billing, 
Northamptonshire, 15 Nov., 1866; 
5. of Valentine Cary-Elwes, by his 
wife Alice, daughter of the Hon. and 
Rev. Henry Ward ; e. at the Oratory 
School, Birmingham, and at Christ- 
church, Oxford; m. May 11, 1889, 
Lady WInefride Feilding, daughter of 
the eighth Earl of Denbigh ; was in 
the diplomatic service from 1891 to 
1895 ; while in Vienna studied har- 
mony with Mandyczewski ; prepared 
for the musical profession in 
Brussels under M. Demist, in Paris 
under M. Bouhy, and in London 
under Henry Russell and M. Victor 
Beigel; first appeared at Kendal, 
Westmoreland Festival, as principal 
tenor, in May, 1903. His principal 

engagements include the Kruse Fes- 
tival, London, April, 1904; Leeds 
Festival, 1904; Sheffield Festival, 
1905 ; Westmoreland Festivals, 1903- 
4-5-6; Halte Concert, Manchester 
(" Dream of Gerontius "), 1905, and 
several other provincial concerts; 
sang before the late King and Queen 
at Windsor Castle in Feb., 1904, and 
before Queen Alexandra at Leighton 
House (with Joachim Quartet), 1904. 
In 1907 he went with Miss Fanny 
Davies on a tour through Germany, 
visiting Berlin, Leipzig, Munich, Frank- 
fort and Cologne. In 1909 he visited 
New York, Boston, and Philadelphia, 
and met with great success. His 
favourite music is " The Dream of 
Gerontius " and Brahms' songs, having 
met Brahms in Vienna in 1901. 
Recreation : Shooting. Address : The 
Manor House, Brigg, Lincolnshire. 
Clubs : Savile and Carlton. Tele- 
graphic address : Elwes, Brigg. Agent : 
Concert direction E. L. Robinson, 
7 Wigmore Street, W. 

ENGLANDEK, Ludwig, conductor 
and composer; 6. Austria; went to 
America, 1882, and became conductor 
at the Thalia Theatre under Heinrich 
Conned, and it was here that his first 
opera, " The Prince Consort," was 
produced ; he has since composed the 
scores for the following musical plays : 
"The Passing Show" (1894), "The 
Twentieth-century Girl" (1895), "A 
Daughter of the Revolution " (1895), 
" The Caliph " (1895), " Half-a-King " 
(1895), "A Round of Pleasure" 
(1897), " The Little Corporal " (1898), 
" The Man in the Moon " (1899), " In 
Gay Paree" (1900), "The Casino 
Girl" (1900), "The Cadet Girl" 
(1900), " The Rounders " (1900), " The 
Monks of Malabar " (1900), " The Belle 
of Bohemia " (1900), " The Strollers " 
(1901), "The Wild Rose" (1902), 
"Sally in our Alley" (1902), "The 
Jewel of Asia" (1903), "A Madcap 
Princess " (1903), " The Office Boy " 
(1903), "Hie Two Roses" (1904), 
"The Gay White Way" (1907). 
Address: 351 West 144th Street, 
New York City, U.S.A. 

ENNA, August, composer ; b. Naks- 
kov, in Denmark, 1860, of Italian and 





German origin. His father was a shoe- 
maker ; e. at free school, Copenhagen, 
taught himself pianoforte. At seven- 
teen received a few violin lessons, and 
went on tour with a band in Finland. 
In 1880 had produced his first work, an 
operetta, "A Village Tale," at pro- 
vincial theatres. Made a living by 
teaching and playing for dancing 
lessons. Was largely helped by gener- 
ous aid of N. Gade, the famous com- 
poser, and won scholarship in Germany 
for twelve months' tuition. Produced 
" Die Hexen " (The Witch), a three- 
act opera, in 1892, at Royal Opera, 
Copenhagen. In 1894 there followed 
" Cleopatra/' and in 1896 " Aucassin 
et Nicolette," both at Copenhagen. 
A symphonic poem, " Marchen," was 
given at Queen's Hall, 1906. Address : 

ENOCH AND SONS, music pub- 
Ushers ; founded in 1869 by Emile S. 
Enoch, who introduced LitolfE Edition 
of classical music to London. Mr. 
Enoch was for fifteen years a director 
of the old St. James's Hall. Address : 
14 and HA Great Marlborough Street. 

ERLANOER, Camille, composer ; 
b. Paris, 25 May, 1863 ; studied at the 
Conservatoire under G. Mathias, Du- 
rand, Taudou, Bazille and Delibes; 
his cantata, "Velleda," secured for 
him the Grand Prix de Rome in 1888 ; 
his compositions include " Saint Julien 
1'Hospitalier," a dramatic legend 
founded on a story by Flaubert, first 
performed at the Conservatoire, 1894, 
and subsequently at the Opera Con- 
certs ; " Kermaria," a musical idyll, 
produced at the Opera Comique in 
1897, and " Le Juif Polonais," founded 
on Erckman-Chatrian's story, pro- 
duced at the Opera Comique in 1900, 
and " Le Fils de 1'Etoile," first per- 
formed at the Grand Opera in 1904 ; 
he has also written several picturesque 
works for the orchestra, and songs and 
piano pieces, which have achieved 
great popularity. 

ESHELBY, Dora, soprano ; b. Man- 
chester; d. of the late Edwin Eshelby, 
director of Steinway and Sons in 
London ; e. at Bedford High School ; 
learned voice production under Ma- 
dame Oudin, and finished with Signer 

Tosti ; first appeared at Steinway Hall 
as solo vocalist at Miss Vera Margolies' 
recital ; was with the Moody-Manners 
Opera Company for two seasons ; 
sang at the Irish Festival, Albert Hall, 
on 17 Mar., 1906 ; Miss Fanny Davies' 
Concert, Mar., 1906; Widor Concert 
at Queen's Hall with Symphony 
Orchestra, and many other concerts ; 
was at Savoy Theatre in D'Oyly 
Carte Company. Favourite part : 
Patience. Recreations : Motoring, 
boating. Address : Steinway Hall, W. 
Telephone : 382 Mayfair. Telegraphic 
A ddress : c/o Steinway's, London. 
Agents : Star Artistes' Agency, 15 
Great Russell Street. 

ESMOND, Wilfred (Michael Butler), 

tenor and manager ; b. Dublin, 1849 ; 
s . of Joseph Butler of Fontenoy, Bray, 
Malster ; e. at Jesuit College, Dublin ; 
originally intended for the brewing 
industry; studied for the stage in 
Dublin and London, first made his 
appearance Aug., 1879, in " The Siege 
of Rochelle," as leading tenor with the 
Carl Rosa Opera Company ; eleven 
years with Carl Rosa, several seasons 
with Sir Augustus Harris at Drury 
Lane, four seasons at the Royal Opera, 
Covent Garden; toured with grand 
opera in South Africa; subsequently 
took out own company with " Oli- 
vette " and other pieces. Favourite 
part : Miles in " The Lily of Killar- 
ney." Recreation : Cycling. Club : 

ESPOSITO, Miehele, b. CasteUamare, 
near Naples, 29 Sept., 1855 ; entered 
the Conservatoire, Naples, where he 
studied the piano and composition 
under Cesi and Serrao ; at the age of 
twenty-three went to Paris, where he 
remained for four years, until his 
appointment as professor of the piano 
at the Royal Irish Academy of Music, 
which position he still occupies; is 
one of the leading teachers and concert 
givers in Dublin, where he established 
the Dublin Orchestral Society ; com- 
positions include a cantata, " Deirdre," 
first performed at Dublin, 1897, and 
subsequently at the Queen's Hall; 
" The Post-Bag," a light opera, pro- 
duced by the Irish literary Society 
at the St. George's Hall, London, 1902 ; 





he has also written an Irish symphony, 
string quartet, sonatas for violin and 
piano, and 'cello and piano, and 
numerous piano pieces and songs. Is 
a Mus.Doc. of Dublin. Address : 
St. Ronan's, Sandford Road, Dublin. 

ESSEX, Clifford (William James 
Clifford Essex), teacher of the banjo 
and balalaika, vocalist and entertainer; 
b. at Highgate; s. of Mr. William 
Edward Essex and his wife, nee Fanny 
Morley ; e. at Highgate School and 
Rugby. Was intended and studied 
for the law before taking up the 
banjo professionally. Made a start 
in 1888 as a teacher, and in 1891 gave 
his first concert. Has since been 
continuously before the public with 
his famous troupe of " Royal " Pierrots. 
Had the honour of five command 
performances before his late Majesty 
King Edward VII, and has appeared 
several times before his present 
Majesty, as well as every member of 
the Royal Family. Mr. Essex was the 
originator of this form of entertainment 
in England, and has since seen his 
example copied by innumerable con- 
cert parties all over the Kingdom. In 
1909 he formed his Russian balalaika 
orchestra, which has appeared success- 
fully at Queen's Hall, Albert Hall and 
many other well-known places. Tele- 
phone No. : 299 Mayfair. Telegraphic 
address : Triomphe, London. Address : 
15a Graf ton Street, Bond Street, W. 

ESSIPOFF, Annette, pianist; &. 
St. Petersburg, 1 Feb., 1850 ; e. at the 
St. Petersburg Conservatoire, studying 
the piano under Leschetitzky. She 
became a player well known in Russia, 
and in 1874 came to London and 
performed at one of the Philharmonic 
Society's concerts ; also played at the 
Crystal Palace and elsewhere; the 
following year she appeared in Paris 
at the Popular Concerts, and subse- 
quently at a recital given by Wieniaw- 
ski ; in 1876 she visited America, 
where she was enormously successful ; 
in 1880 she married Leschetitzky, but 
the marriage was subsequently dis- 
solved. It is over twenty years since 
she was last heard in England. 

ESTY, Madame Alice, operatic so- 
prano ; b. Lowell, Mass., U.S.A. ; d. 

of Frank and Anna Esty ; e. Boston, 
U.S.A. ; m. Alec Marsh, baritone 
vocalist, 1892 ; studied music in 
Boston, first appeared in England at 
the Patti Concerts, Albert Hall, May, 
1891 ; professional debut as Micaela 
in " Carmen " at Belfast ; has since 
appeared in leading operatic rdles at 
the Royal Opera, Covent Garden ; 
Metropolitan Opera House, New York ; 
with the Royal Carl Rosa Opera Com- 
pany, Moody-Manners Opera Com- 
pany, Royal Choral Society, Albert 
Hall, Philharmonic Society, Richter 
Concerts in London, Halle Concerts in 
Manchester, and at most of the prin- 
cipal concerts and festivals in Great 
Britain. Created the rdle of Mimi in 
"La Boheme" in England at Man- 
chester, and also sang the part the 
first time the opera was produced at 
Covent Garden. She also sang the rdle 
of Eva in " Die Meistersinger," the 
first time the opera was played in this 
country. She spent six years with the 
Carl Rosa Company, extending her 
operatic repertoire to nearly fifty rdles ; 
together with her husband she made 
a very successful tour of the Australian 
Colonies. Has sung Marguerite in 
" Faust " and Santuzza in " Cavalleria 
Rusticana " over 500 times. Was 
commanded to sing before Queen 
Victoria at Balmoral in 1899. Ad- 
dress : 24 Aubrey House, Maida 
Hill,W. Telephones Paddington 6383. 

EVANS, Amy, soprano; b. at 
Ynishir, Glam., 1884. Debut in public 
when seven years old. Studied under 
Mr. D. Lloyd, of Ton y Pandy. Also 
studied with late Signer A. Randegger. 
First prize, National Eisteddfod, 1899. 
Sang at Cardiff Festival, 1904, and 
London d&but, 1909 ; recommended by 
Robt. Newman for principal soprano 
part in " Fallen Fairies," Savoy 
Theatre, 1910. 

EVANS, Edith, soprano ; of Welsh 
parentage, was advised by Mr. 
Rootham, of Bristol, when thirteen 
years old to study for three years. 
Began professional work at sixteen ; 
was later engaged by Boosey's, and in 
1909 played Gutrune in "Gotter- 
damunerius." Address : 50 Sandring- 
ham Court, Maida Vale, W. 





EVANS, Harry, organist and con- 
ductor; b. May 24, 1873, Dowlais 
Glam ; s. of John Evans, choral 
conductor and bass singer ; learnt 
sol-fa from his sister. Made his first 
appearance as soloist when seven years 
old, and at ten appointed organist of 
Gwernllwyn Congregational Church. 
Learnt piano from Ed. Lawrence, a 
former pupil of Moscheles. Passed 
L.R.A.M. with honours. Began life 
work as pupil teacher when fourteen 
years old, Abermorlais School, Merthyr 
Tydfil. In 1887 organist Bethania 
Congregational Church, where he re- 
mained till 1906. In 1893 took 
AR.C.O., and resigned his teaching 
at the School. In 1893 became con- 
ductor of a Dowlais Choral Society. 
In 1897 became F.R.C.O. In 1900 
his choir (male voice) won the Eistedd- 
fod Competition. In 1902 his choir 
won the /200 prize. In 1902 he became 
conductor of Liverpool Welsh Choral 
Union of 300 voices. In 1906 he settled 
in Liverpool and became organist of 
Great George Street Congregational 
Church. His compositions include 
Dramatic Cantata for baritone and 
chorus (Cardiff Festival, 1904), and a 
dramatic cantata, " Dafydd ap 
Gwilym " (National Eisteddfod, 1908). 
Address : 26 Princes Avenue, Liver- 

EVETT, Robert, actor and vocalist 
b. Warwickshire, 1875 ; received mu- 
sical education at Marchioness of 
Hastings's chapel near Atherstone. 
First appeared on stage at age of 
nineteen, touring in the D'Oyly Carte 
provincial companies ; London debut 
at the Savoy Theatre in 1898, in the 
revival of " The Gondoliers " ; created 
the part of Yussuf in " The Rose of 
Persia," 1899, Terence O'Brien in 
" The Emerald Isle " in 1901 ; after- 
wards taking part in a series of Gilbert 
and Sulh'van revivals and in " Merrie 
England " (1902) and " The Princess 
of Kensington," by Basil Hood and 
Edward German ; in 1903 appeared in 

" The Earl and the Girl/' at the Lyric 
and Adelphi; leading tenor roles in 
" The Little Michus," at Daly's, 1905 ; 
in " Les Merveilleuses " at same 
theatre, 1906; and "The Merry 
Widow," 1907 ; appeared at Hicks' 
Theatre (1908, "Waltz Dream"), 
Vaudeville (1910, in "Girl in the 
Train"), Adelphi Theatre (1912, 
" Autumn Manoeuvres ") ; is a fre- 
quent and favourite singer at London 
concerts. Recreations : Cricket and 
golf. Address : Daly's Theatre, W. 

EXPERT, Henry, critic and littera- 
teur; b. Bordeaux, 12 May, 1863; 
studied at the ficole de Musique Clas- 
sique, and under Cesar Franck and 
Eugene Gigout; has devoted himself 
principally to a study of the music of 
the French Renaissance, and has 
written numerous works on the subject ; 
he is a professor at the school where he 
studied, and takes an important part 
in the musical life of France. Address : 
cole Niedenneyer, Paris. 

EYRE, Alfred J., organist and 
teacher of singing ; b. Oct. 24, 1853, at 
Kennington ; e. at the R.A.M. under 
Sir George Macfarren, Westlake, and 
Montem Smith, and for organ by 
W. S. Hoyte and George Cooper. 
First professionally engaged at St. 
Peter's, Vauxhall, as organist, at the 
age of fifteen. Appointed organist of 
the Crystal Palace in April, 1880, re- 
maining there until 1894. Organist and 
choirmaster, St. John the Evangelist, 
Upper Norwood, since Oct., 1880 ; pro- 
fessor at Royal Normal College for the 
Blind ; i*. in 1879 to Miss Margaret 
BucknaU (see Bucknall-Eyre) ; has 
composed Holy Communion Services 
in E flat and C ; Evening Services in 
C and D, etc.; is fond of country 
walks, reading. An Hon. Member of 
the R.A.M., Hon. F.R.C.O., and 
Associate of the Philharmonic Society. 
Address : Penybryn, Fox Hill, Upper 
Norwood, S.E. Telegraphic address : 

FALL AS, Fred, tenor ; first appeared 
IrishFestival, Queen'sHall, 17Mar., 
1903 ; Cumberland Festival, 1904, and 

in consequence of great success was 
engaged for the following year ; Leeds 
Philharmonic Society, " Messiah, 




1905 ; Halifax Choral Society, " Mes- 
siah," 1905 ; was substitute for 
Mr. William Green, Morley, 1906 ; has 
also sung in oratorio at Sheffield, 
Liverpool, Derby, Newcastle and 
Gateshead. Address : Horbury, Yorks. 
Agent : Albion Concert Bureau, 52 
New Bond Street, W. Telegraphic 
address : " Fallas, Vocalist, Horbury." 

FANING, Eaton ; b. Helston, Corn- 
wall, 20 May, 1850 ; s. of a professor 
of music, from whom he received his 
first instruction on the piano and 
violin ; showed precocious ability, 
and played in public before he was five 
years old; entered the R.A.M. and 
studied under Sterndale Bennett, 
Arthur Sullivan, and others, carrying 
off a large number of prizes, including 
the bronze medal (1871), silver medal 
for the piano (1872), Mendelssohn 
Scholarship (1873), bronze medal for 
harmony, (1874) and the Lucas silver 
medal for composition (1876) ; while 
at the R.A.M. he played 'cello and 
timpani in the orchestra, and studied 
organ and singing under Steggall and 
Ciabetta and 'cello under Aylward and 
Pettit ; in 1874 he was appointed to 
the teaching staff of the Academy, 
acting successively as sub-professor of 
harmony, assistant-professor of the 
piano, and finally, in 1878, as professor 
of the piano ; he is also F.R.A.M., and 
graduated Mus.Bac. at Cambridge, 
(1894) and Mus.Doc. (1899) ; he also 
held the posts of professor of piano- 
forte and harmony at the National 
Training School of Music, the R.C.M. 
(where he was also conductor of the 
choral class), and the G.S.M., resigning 
some of these appointments in 1885, 
when he was appointed director of the 
music at Harrow School, from which 
post he retired in 1901 ; and was 
appointed a member of the Associated 
Board of the R.A.M. and the R.C.M., 
and has acted as Examiner in Africa 
and elsewhere. He is a member of the 
Council of the R.C.M., and was 
examiner for musical degrees (Cam- 
bridge University, 1904-9) ; his com- 
positions are numerous, including 
church services, anthems, part songs, 
Harrow School songs, instrumental 
pieces, operettas and cantatas, as well 
as a symphony in C Minor and some 

chamber music ; many of his part 
songs have become exceedingly popu- 
lar. Dr. Faning has at various times 
acted as conductor for five choral 
societies, and has been adjudicator at 
numerous choral competitions ; he is 
a member of the Board of Studies, 
London University. Address : 20 
Queen's Gardens, Hyde Park, W. 

FABJEON, Harry, composer and 
teacher; b. May 6, 1878, Hohokus, 
New Jersey, U.S.A., of British parents ; 
5. of B. L. Farjeon, a well-known novel- 
ist, who married Miss Margaret 
Jefferson, daughter of Joseph Jefferson 
of " Rip van Winkle " fame ; e. (1895- 
1901) for music at R.A.M. under the 
late Mr. Battison Haynes, also Frede- 
rick Corder and Septimus Webbe. Made 
his debut as composer at St. James's 
Hall, 1897, while still a student. 
Gained several distinctions at R.A.M., 
including the Goring Thomas Scholar- 
ship, Worshipful Company of Musi- 
cians' medal, etc., etc. Has written 
several operas and operettas : " Flo- 
retta" (1899); "Registry Office" 
(1900) ; pianoforte Concerto in D 
(1900) ; symphonic poem, " Mowgli " 
(1907) ; " Summer Vision " (1908) 
and Mass, " St. Dominic " (1910) ; 
and about 145 other compositions. 
Professor, Blackheath Conservatoire, 
1902 ; associate R.A.M., 1901 ; pro- 
fessor R.A.M., 1903. Address: 137 
Fellows Road, London, N.W. 

FABKOA, Mauriee, actor and vocal- 
ist ; 6. in Smyrna, 23 April, 1867, his 
father being French and his mother 
English. First came into prominence 
at Daly's in "An Artist's Model," 
1895, among his earliest successes being 
his famous laughing song and " Gay 
Bohemia"; has since been chiefly 
associated with George Edwardes's 
productions ; appeared for a brief 
period at Comedy, 1899, in "The 
Topsy Turvy Hotel"; in "Kitty 
Grey " at Apollo, 1902 ; and in " Three 
Little Maids" at Prince of Wales's, 
1903 ; in 1904 he went on a long tour 
through Australia and America in 
those and other pieces ; on his return 
to London appeared at Prince of 
Wales's in "My Lady Madcap," 
1904-5; sang at Empire, 1905; 





appeared in leading rdles in "The 
Little Cherub " and " See-See," Prince 
of Wales's, 1906 ; went to America 
under engagement to Joe Weber at 
the end of 1906, appearing in " Dream 
City," and as Lohengrin in " The 
Magic Knight " ; reappeared in Lon- 
don at the Prince of Wales's, Dec., 
1907, as the Bandmaster in "Miss 
Hook of Holland " ; " Night Birds " 
at Lyric (1912) ; and many vaudeville 
houses ; Hippodrome, Palace, Empire, 
etc. Address : 40 Ladbroke Grove, 
W. Telephone : 2177 Paddington. 

Gabriel, composer ; b. at 
Pamiers in May, 1845 ; e. at the ficole 
Niedermeyer. Succeeded M. Theodore 
Dubois in 1905 as head of the National 
Conservatoire, Paris, and followed him 
also as organist of the Madeleine. 
Is member of the Institute. Composer 
of a great quantity of music of every 
description. Address : Conservatoire 
Nationale, Paris. 

FELLOWES, Horace, violinist; b. 
Wolverhampton, 1876; s. of Ed. 
Fellowes, a well-known violinist ; 
e, at Glasgow, where he commenced 
his musical studies, afterwards pro- 
ceeding to Cologne and studied at the 
Conservatorium under Professor Willie 
Hess ; first appeared at Glasgow in 
1888 as a " prodigy " ; subsequently 
toured Germany, Holland, and Great 
Britain as a soloist, and as a member 
of the Willie Hess Quartet ; has given 
successful recitals in London at the 
Bechstein and Steinway Halls ; while 
in Cologne was appointed to the leader- 
ship of the Musikalische Gesselschaft, 
under the late Dr. Wullner and Fritz 
Steinbach. Recreations : Tennis, walk- 
ing and cycling. Agent: N. Vert. 
Address : 24 Carlton Vale, Maida 
Vale, W. 

FENNINGS, Sarah, violinist and 
teacher; b. Essex; d. of Richard 
Sanders Fennings, bank manager; 
e. London ; prepared for the musical 
profession at the Kensington School 
of Music, and was subsequently 
a pupil of Mr. Hollander, Wilhelmj, 
and Sevcik ; her engagements include 
appearances at Liverpool with a 
concert company, the principal mem- 
bers of which were Messrs. Ben Davies, 

Kennerley Rumford and Miss Ada 
Crossley ; at St. James's Hall, in 1891, 
she gave her own recital ; subsequently 
toured with the late Signor Foli and with 
Madame Emma Nevada. Professor at 
Trinity College, London, and visits 
Peterborough, Doncaster, Harrogate, 
York, and Leeds weekly ; elected 
Associate of the Philharmonic Society, 
London. Her recreations are swimming, 
for which she has won several prizes, 
and mountain-climbing. Address : 
16 Warrington Crescent, Maida Vale, 
W. ; and St. Leonard's, Cold Bath 
Road, Harrogate. 

FERRARI, Ermanni Wolf (vide 

FERRATA, Giuseppe, composer ; 
studied his art at Royal Academy of 
Music, Rome, and afterwards under 
Sgambati and Liszt. Was for some 
time director of the Beaver College of 
Music, Httsburg, U.S.A. ; is now 
director of music at Sarah Newcomb 
Institute, New Orleans, La. Has writ- 
ten several operas, two string quartets, 
two masses, and many other composi- 
tions. Has received many distinctions, 
medals, etc., from Italian, Portuguese, 
and Belgian Governments. Address : 
New Orleans. 

ECLIPOFF, Me., operatic soprano 
of Russian birth, but educated at 
R.A.M., London. 

FINCK, Herman (Hermann von der 
Finck), orchestral conductor ; b. Lon- 
don, 1872, of German descent; his 
father, Herr Louis von der Finck, was 
conductor successively at Drury Lane 
and at Gaiety; commenced playing 
in theatre orchestra when only four- 
teen at Princess's Theatre during pro- 
duction of " The Noble Vagabond " ; 
studied orchestration under the late 
Edward Solomon and under the late 
H. G. Gadsby at G.S.M. ; has been 
connected with the Palace Theatre 
since it was opened as a variety theatre 
in 1888; acting as pianist, violinist 
and sub-conductor under the late 
Alfred Plumpton, at whose death in 
1900 he succeeded to the conductor's 
seat ; has written numerous songs and 
pieces for orchestra and piano, includ- 
ing the " King of Ersia/' comic opera 




in three acts ; " The Palace Revue " 
(with G. R. Sims) ; operettas " Hia- 
watha" and "Moonshine," and the 
annual ballet at Winter Gardens, 
Blackpool, for ten years past. A ddress: 
Palace Theatre, Shaftesbury Avenue, 
W. Club : Eccentric. 

FONN, Kate, soprano vocalist and 
teacher ; b. London ; m. to Basil 
Dawson, theatrical manager ; studied 
singing under Ardellmann and W. 
Shakespeare ; made her first appear- 
ance at a concert given by Mr. Wilhelm 
Ganz, 1884, afterwards singing at the 
Ballad Concerts at St. James's Hall, 
also the Saturday and Monday Popular 
Concerts, the Crystal Palace, Prome- 
nade Concerts at Covent Garden, and 
in grand opera at Covent Garden, Her 
Majesty's and Drury Lane, and has also 
appeared in light opera. Is now occu- 
pied in training pupils for the concert 
platform and stage. Address: 11 
Henrietta Street, Cavendish Square, 
London, W. 

FLORENCE, Evangeline, soprano; 
b. Boston, Mass. ; full name Evange- 
line Florence Houghton ; d. of Henry 
Houghton, merchant ; e. at Boston, 
studying under a number of vocal 
teachers, principally with Madame 
Edna Hall, also in France and Ger- 
many; for several years principal 
soprano at the London Ballad Con- 
certs ; has sung at all the great 
provincial festivals, with the Royal 
Choral Society, Albert Hall ; Queen's 
Hall Orchestra, the Hall6 Band, and 
Scottish Orchestra ; has also sung in 
Paris, Vienna, Warsaw and other towns 
in Austria and Poland ; made a tour 
in Australia, and through America 
singing in New York, Boston, and 
Montreal, also at the Worcester (Mass.) 
Festival, etc. Sang at the Eisteddfod 
in 1906, receiving an honorary degree. 
Address : 29 Kensington Park Gar- 
dens, London, W. Telegraphic Ad- 
dress : " Floridity, London." Tele- 
phone : 230 Park. 

FOOTE, Francis J., conductor and 
composer ; studied at R.A.M. nine 
years under Wessely (violin), Lier- 
hammer and King (singing), Izard 
(piano), P. Parker {'cello), and Corder 

(harmony). Is A.R.A.M. and con- 
ductor of Eastbourne Choral and 
Orchestral Society, Eastbourne Ladies' 
Choir, and the " Francis J. Foote 
Choir,' 1 Tunbridge Wells. Composi- 
tion including Mass for choir, solo and 
orchestra, orchestral tone-poem, etc. 
Addresses : St. Leonard's Road 
Studios, Eastbourne ; and 1 Napier 
Mansions and Opera House Studio, 
Tunbridge Wells. 

FOLDESY, Arnold, violoncellist ; 
6. Buda-Pesth, 22 Sept., 1882. Played in 
public at seven years of age ; was soon 
after engaged by Herr Nikisch; was 
trained for six months by Popper, the 
famous composer; at nine years of 
age was taken by Becker to Frankfort 
for nearly three years. Afterwards 
went to Berlin and has since toured 
extensively. Agents : Ashton's. 

FONSS, Johannes, operatic bass; 
6. in Denmark, 1884 ; studied philoso- 
phy and law at Copenhagen University. 
Was also a member of the " Elite 
Choir," a well-known Danish students' 
singing association. Studied vocal 
music with Danish teachers and at 
twenty-one years of age made his 
debut at Royal Opera, Copenhagen. 
Then went to Paris and Frankfort, 
where he studied under Forchhammer. 
Was engaged by Grand Ducal Theatre, 
Mannheim, and has sung at Royal 
opera houses in Berlin and Wiesbaden, 
and at Zurich. First appearance at 
Covent Garden, 1910, when he played 
Fafner hi " Rheingold " and Hunding 
in " Die Walkure." 

FONTENAY, Odette le, operatic 
soprano ; 6. Paris, of a French father 
and American mother ; d. of Hon. 
F. L. Bouleging. As a child studied 
piano at Paris Conservatoire under 
Mons. C. Decreus. Studied singing 
with M. Condert and Jean de Reszke. 
Made debut Covent Garden in 1911. 

FORD, Ernest, composer and vocal 
teacher; b. Warminster, Wilts, 17 
Feb., 1858 ; s. of Mr. and Mrs. Edward 
Ford (nee Alsor) ; e. Salisbury, Weston- 
super-Mare. Prepared for musical 
profession by John Richardson, 
organist Salisbury Cathedral, and 





Dr. Dyer of Weston-super-Mare. En- 
tered R.A.M. on winning Sir John 
Goss Scholp. (1st winner), and later 
studied in Paris ; was appointed con- 
ductor at Royal English Opera House 
by D'Oyly Carte, and was for some 
years conductor of Royal Amateur 
Orchestral Society, for which position 
he was nominated by H.R.H. the late 
Duke of Coburg. Professor of singing 
at G.S.M. and Fellow R.A.M. Com- 
positions include string quartet F 
minor, pianoforte trio in A, elegy for 
violin solo and orchestra, first per- 
formed at Queen's Hall tinder Ran- 
degger, and " Scdne Bacchanale," 
produced by Sir Hy. Wood, Queen's 
Hall, 1897. Married Alice Philp, 
second daughter of James Philp, Esq. 
Has recently (1912) published a com- 
prehensive work upon the " History 
of Music in England " (Sampson Low). 
Has composed much sacred music, 
including the motett " Domine Deus " 
(O Lord God !) and several operas and 
operettas ; " Jane Annie," libretto by 
J. M. Barrie and Conan Doyle (Savoy 
Theatre) ; " The House of Lords " 
(Lyric) ; and a duologue, " Lydia," 
words by Justin Huntly McCarthy. 
Address : 45 Prince of Wales' Man- 
sions, Battersea Park, S.W. 

FORD, Walter, tenor vocalist, lec- 
turer, and teacher of singing ; 6. 20 
Mar., 1861, in London ; s. of Mr. 
Wm. A. Ford ; e. at Repton and King's 
College, Cambridge, where he took a 
1st class in Classical Tripos in 1883. 
Prepared for the musical profession by 
H. C. Deacon and by Ferdinand 
Sieber in Berlin, and P. Ronzi of Milan. 
Began career as classical tutor at 
Wellington College, Berks, but forsook 
this for musical profession. Gave a 
vocal recital at Princes Hall to illus- 
trate song cycles of classical German 
composers, in conjunction with the 
late Miss Wakefieldin 1895. Has since 
given numerous recitals and lectures 
in London, Oxford, and elsewhere on 
musical subjects,' principally English, 
German, and French folk-song. Author 
of article on " Song and Folk-song " in 
" Encyclopaedia Britannica. " Is fond of 
golf and professor of singing R.C.M. 
Address: 25 Stratford Road, Ken- 
sington, W. 

FORREST, Ada, soprano ; b. Durban, 
Natal. First instruction received at 
Convent School there, and afterward sat 
R.A.M., London. Subsequently studied 
under Santley, Signer Baraldi, and 
Sir Hy. Wood. First public appearance 
at South African Eisteddfod at Durban 
when fourteen years old. First London 
appearance 24 May, 1907, at Empire 
Concert, Queen's Hall. In 1909 went 
for tour in South Africa. Has sung at 
all chief festivals and concerts in 
United Kingdom, and several times 
before the King and Queen. Recrea- 
tions : Golf and lawn tennis. Is an 
A.R.A.M. Address : 26 Blenheim 
Road, St. John's Wood. Telephone : 
4279 Paddington. Telegraphic ad- 
dress : " Forrestism, London/' 

FORSYTE, Neil, opera manager; 
was for some years with Sir Augustus 
Harris at Drury Lane ; on his death 
became secretary of the Royal Opera 
Syndicate at Co vent Garden ; joint 
manager with his brother-in-law, 
Frank Rendle (who was a brother-in- 
law of Sir Augustus Harris), of the 
Covent Garden Fancy Dress Balls 
since 1897; in 1905 the partners 
engaged the San Carlo Opera Company 
(with the assistance of Madame Melba 
and other stars) for an autumn season 
of opera at Covent Garden, which was 
extremely successful ; in recognition 
of his organisation of gala performances 
in honour of foreign royalties, the late 
King appointed him a member of the 
Victorian Order, 1905 ; has received 
decorations from the President of the 
French Republic and the Kings of 
Spain and Portugal ; was entertained 
at dinner, 1904, by the musical critics 
of all the leading papers, in recognition 
of the manner in which he had facili- 
tated their labours. Address : 75 
Victoria Street, S.W., and Royal 
Opera House, Covent Garden, W.C. 

FOSTER, Ivor, baritone vocalist; 
b. Pontypridd, South Wales, 1 Mar., 
1870; 5. of Ebenezer and Sarah 
Foster; was previously occupied 
commercially ; tiefore coming to Lon- 
don in 1896 he sang as an amateur, 
and won the baritone solo competition 
at the National Eisteddfod, Carnarvon, 
1894, and also the same at the Eistedd- 
fod, Llanelly, 1895; studied for four 





years at R.C.M., under Henry Blower 
and Sir Charles Villiers Stanford ; 
during bis career at the College he sang 
the title-rdfcs in Mozart's " Don Juan " 
and Wagner's " Flying Dutchman " 
at the Lyceum ; won the Henry Leslie 
Prize for Singing, open to all students 
of both sexes, at the R.C.M. ; has sung 
for the Royal Choral Society, Royal 
Amateur Orchestral Society, London 
Ballad Concerts (twelve seasons in suc- 
cession), Prom. Concerts, and for all 
the principal choral societies in the 
British Isles ; created part of Don 
Pedro in production of Sir Charles 
Villiers Stanford's opera, " Much Ado 
about Nothing," at Co vent Garden. 
Address: 12 Addison Road, Bedford 
Park, W. Telephone : Hammersmith 
594. Telegraphic address : " Iforael, 

POSTER, Myles Birket, organist and 
composer ; e. $. of Birket Foster, 
famous water-colour artist ; b. Lon- 
don, 29 Nov., 1851 ; began life in a 
stockbroker's office as a lad of twenty, 
but soon left to study music under late 
Hamilton Clarke, and at R.A.M. under 
Sullivan, Prout, and Westlake ; organ- 
ist in Marylebone 1873-4, and at 
Foundling Hospital Chapel, 1880-92 ; 
was for some time musical editor for 
Messrs. Boosey ; is an Assoc. Philhar- 
monic Society, F.R.C.O., and F.R.A.M.; 
has visited Australian Colonies as ex- 
aminer ; well known as composer of 
much beautiful church music, services, 
anthems, cantatas, besides symphonies 
and overtures. Address : 14 Wood- 
stock Road, Bedford Park, W. 

FOSTER, Muriel, contralto; 6. in 
Sunderland ; niece of the late Birket 
Foster ; e. R.C.M., winning a Council 
Exhibition, London Musical Society's 
prize, Musicians' Company's medal. 
A.R.C.M., 1900 ; sang before Queen 
Victoria, 1900 ; Albani tour, 1901 ; 
Lower Rhine Festival, 1902 ; Worces- 
ter Festival, 1902, and many other 
important engagements since. Her 
sister Hilda also appeared on the 
concert platform with her before her 
marriage, with some distinction. 

F0XCROFT, Emily, contralto vocal- 
ist and teacher ; b. London ; e. Trinity 

College, was subsequently at theL.A.M. 
under the late Dr. Henry Wylde ; her 
first appearance in public was as a child 
pianist ; subsequently she obtained the 
silver medal for harmony at the 
Academy ; studied singing with 
Manuel Garcia, the violin with Tzcze- 
panowski, the piano with Bradbury 
Turner and harmony with Dr. C. 
Pearce. She has sung with the Royal 
Choral Society in " St. Paul," " The 
Golden Legend," " The Messiah," and 
" Elijah," at the Royal Albert Hall ; 
also with the Glasgow Choral Union, 
and the Cardiff Musical Society. Has 
frequently appeared at the Queen's 
HaU Promenade Concerts ; toured 
Australia, fulfilling engagements in 
Victoria, New South Wales, Queens- 
land, and Western Australia ; has 
also toured the United States of 
America as well as Great Britain and 
Ireland. Address : 76 Calabria Road, 
Highbury, N. 

FRANCIA, Leopoldo, Italian singer 
and instrumentalist ; b. Omegna, 
Italy, 12 Sept., 1875 ; s. of Ferdinando 
Francia, captain Italian Army and 
military band conductor; m. 1896 
to Florence Shepherd ; e. Conservatoire 
of Music, Milan ; first appeared at 
public concerts in Italy (as a mandolin- 
ist) when six years old ; made first 
appearance in England at Crystal 
Palace Saturday Concerts, 1894 ; St. 
James's Hall, Queen's Hall (own 
recital) and principal European cities ; 
appeared before Queen Margherita of 
Italy, 1891, at Genoa, and before 
Queen Alexandra, when Princess of 
Wales, at Kensington Palace, 1899 ; 
gold medallist Italian competition for 
mandoline at Genoa, 1892 ; composer 
of over 500 compositions for the 
mandoline, including "The Method," 
dedicated to the Queen of Italy. 

FRANSELLA, Albert, flautist; 6. 
Amsterdam, of Dutch parentage but 
Italian extraction ; s. of M. Fransella, 
flautist and professor of music. Trained 
by his father and M. Jac de Jong, 
flautist to King of Holland. At 
fifteen years of age appeared at concert 
of Grand Duke Friedrich Franz II 
of Mecklenburg. When sixteen years 
old met Brahms, who predicted a 





brilliant future for him. First appeared 
in London under Rividre at promenade 
concerts. Was principal flautist Scot- 
tish Orchestra, Glasgow, and at 
Crystal Palace under Manns. Has now 
been twenty-five years in England. 
Is Professor G.S.M., member London 
Philharmonic, and Queen's Hall Or- 
chestras. Has played under every 
great conductor who has visited 
London, and obbligato to all leading 
soprani, including Mme. Melba. One 
of his sons, Henry Fransella, is 
already known as a talented flautist. 
Address : 51 St. Leonard's Road, 
East Sheen. Telephone: 520 P.O. 

FRANZ, Paul, tenor ; b. in France 
in 1876 ; studied with Mons. Del- 
querri&re, formerly the tenor of the 
Opera Comique. At a competition for 
tenor voices, Franz was put forward 
by his master to sing an air from " La 
Juive." At the end of his perform- 
ance he was offered an engagement at 
the Paris Grand Opera, and made his 
debut there on 1 Feb., 1909, in " Lohen- 
grin." Has played in " Romeo," 
" Faust," " Walkure," " Tannhauser," 
" Aida," " La Damnation de Faust," 
and other great classical works, in 
many French towns and in Italy, 
Holland, and Belgium ; made his 
Covent Garden debut in 1910. 

FRIGARA, Monsieur, conductor ; 
b. at Lille, 1874. Gained a scholarship 
at the Lille Conservatoire and gained 
the first prize for violin. First engaged 
at lille as conductor and from there 
went to Amiens, Nimes, Algiers, 
Marseilles, Nantes, and is now at 
Lyons. He was engaged in 1911 at 
the Royal Opera, Covent Garden, as 
conductor for the French operas. 

FRIEDMAN, Sidney, musical direc- 
tor, violinist and teacher ; b. 15 Oct., 
1881, at Swansea ; e. for musical pro- 
fession at the R.A.M. by Emil Sauret, 
Aug. Wilhelmj, and at Prague by Prof. 
Sevcik. Made his debut as a child of 
six at Albert Hall, Swansea. First 
London appearance in June, 1893, at 
Portman Rooms playing Mendelssohn 
concerto. Has since appeared at 
Crystal Palace, Strolling Players, 

and Queen's Hall Promenade Concerts 
(Aug., 1911) ; was principal violin and 
deputy conductor for Moody-Manners 
Company (1902-3), Duke of Devon- 
shire's private orchestra (1908-10) ; 
"The Miracle," at Olympia, 1911; 
and is at present sub-principal violin, 
Queen's Hall Orchestra. Recreations : 
Billiards and bridge. Member of Play- 
goers' Club and Orchestral Association. 
Telephone No. : 6036 Paddington. 
Address : 294 Elgin Avenue, Maida 

FRYER, Herbert, pianist and com- 
poser ; b. London, 21 May, 1877 ; s. of 
George H. Fryer, insurance broker, 
and Clara Roberts ; e. at Merchant 
Taylors' School ; entered the R.A.M., 
studying the piano under Oscar 
Beringer ; later at the R.C.M. under 
Franklin Taylor, and also for some 
months in Germany, partly with 
Busoni, at Weimar ; first appeared at 
own recital at the Steinway Hall, 
17 Nov., 1898 ; followed by several at 
the old St. James's Hall, and the 
Saturday " Pops." and Philharmonic 
Society, London ; his principal engage- 
ments include concerts at the St. 
James's Hall, Kruse's chamber con- 
certs, Queen's Hall Orchestral Con- 
certs, Promenade and Sunday Con- 
certs, and Albert Hall Sunday Con- 
certs, Miss Marie Hall's recitals, tours 
through Great Britain, own recitals in 
St. James's, ^Solian and Steinway 
Halls ; has also toured in France, 
Germany, and Switzerland, giving 
recitals in Paris, Vienna, Berlin, 
Dresden, Leipzig, Mainz, Geneva, 
Vevey, Lausanne, Montreux, Berne, 
etc. In June, 1907, he gave his 
twenty-fifth recital in the Queen's 
Hall to a very large and enthusiastic 
audience. In the same year he toured 
with Kubelik in Switzerland and 
Great Britain. Professor of pianoforte 
at R.A.M. and examiner to Associated 
Board R.A.M. and R.C.M. ; has com- 
posed many pianoforte pieces, etc., 
published by E. Demets (Paris) and 
Schott & Co. Recreations : Billiards 
and bridge, and all forms of outdoor 
exercise and sport. Address : 16 
Adamson Road, Hampstead, N.W. 
Clubs : German Athenaeum and Sav- 
age. Telephone : 5379 Hampstead. 




and litterateur, for many years musical 
critic of The Times ; editor of "Grove's 
Dictionary of Music " (second edition) ; 
b. 1856 ; e, at Westminster School and 
Trinity College, Cambridge, of which 
he is M.A. ; m. Charlotte, eldest 
daughter of the late William Squire, 
and sister of W. Barclay Squire, a 
well-known authority on musical 
archeology; author of "Life of 
Robert Schumann/' 1884; "Masters 
of German Music," 1894; "The 


Musician's Pilgrimage," 1899; "Eng- 
lish Music in the Nineteenth Cen- 
tury," 1902 ; " The Age of Bach 
and Handel" (Oxford History of 
Music), 1902 ; " Johannes Brahms," 
1911 ; " Spitta's Life of Bach " (joint 
translation with Mrs. C. Bell) ; " Eng- 
lish County Songs " (with Miss Lucy 
Broadwood) ; " The Fitzwilliam Vir- 
ginal Book " (with W. B. Squire). Is 
a Fellow of Soc. Antiquaries. Address : 
Berwick Hall, Carnf orth, Lanes. Club : 
The Athenaeum. 


QAILHABD, Pierre, formerly mana- 
ger of the Paris Grand Opera ; b. 
Toulouse in 1848 ; began his musical 
studies in his native town and finished 
them in Paris, where he obtained in 
1867 the first three prizes in singing, 
opera and opera-comique ; made his 
dtbut in the same year at the Opera 
Comique, taking the basso part in 
opera, " A Midsummer Night* s 
Dream " ; was engaged at the Grand 
Opera in 1872, and sang the repertoire 
with great success; at the death of 
Vaucorbeil, Pierre Gailhard became 
associated with Ritt in the manage- 
ment with Eugdne Berfcrand, and 
subsequently became sole manager; 
his concession of the opera was renewed 
in 1900 and he retired in 1907. Address: 
3 Avenue Frochot, Paris. 

6ALPIN, Rev. F. W., a well-known 
collector of musical instruments and 
writer. Address : Hatfield Regis, 
Harlow, Essex. 

GALETTI, Gianoli, operatic bass; 
b. at Bologna, 1869 ; s. of a famous 
mezzo-soprano of same name. Trained 
by Alessandro Botteri in Milan. 
Debut in same town at Filo Dramma- 
tico Theatre in "Don Pasquale." 
Has sung for many years regularly 
at Milan and all over the Continent 
and in America. Favourite parts, 
Don Pasquale, Bartolo, Beppo (" Fra 
Diavolo"), and Mazetti. First ap- 
peared at Covent Garden in 1907. 

GAME, Louis, musical composer ; 
&. Bu3ti6res-les-mines, Alliers, France, 

1862 ; e. at the Paris Conservatoire 
under T. Dubois and C. Franck; his 
principal musical compositions com- 
prise : "La Source du Nil," a ballet, 
1882 ; " Le Reveil d'Une Parisienne," 
1894, a pantomime ; " Rabelais," 
comic opera, 1892; " Les Colles du 
Femmes," comic opera, 1893 ; " L'A- 
beille et la Fleur," comic opera, 1895 ; 
and " Phryne," a ballet, 1896 ; has also 
written a number of popular marches 
and mazurkas, such as the famous 
"PSre La Victoire," " Marche Lor- 
raine," " La Czarine," etc. 

GANZ, Wilhelm, conductor, com- 
poser, pianist, and teacher of singing ; 
b. Mayence, on the Rhine, 6 Nov., 
1833; s. of Adolphe Ganz, kapell- 
meister ; his uncles, Leopold and 
Moritz, were well-known concert- 
meisters, and a brother, Edward 
Ganz, was an admirable pianist ; e. at 
Mayence, pupil of Kapellmeister Ans- 
chuez and Kapellmeister Carl Eckert ; 
his first appearances were made in 
1847 in Mayence (where his father was 
kapellmeister for twenty-five years), 
Nuremberg, and London in 1848 ; he 
first played as a violinist in opera 
orchestra under Balfe, and then be- 
came well known as an orchestral 
conductor ; he has now completed 
sixty-four years of residence and busy 
occupation in London ; conducted the 
New Philharmonic Concerts from 1874 
to 1879, and then carried them on as 
Mr. Ganz's Orchestral Concerts ; among 
the famous artistes who first appeared 
under him at these concerts were 





Madame EssipofI, Madame Sophie 
Menter, Vladimir de Pachmann, and 
Saint-Saens ; he was the first to con- 
duct Symphonies by Berlioz in Eng- 
land ; was a Professor of Singing at 
the G.S.M. until 1912. He gave his 
Jubilee Concert at the Queen's Hall 
on 7 June, 1898, at which the following 
were among the distinguished artistes 
who appeared : Madame Adelina Patti, 
Madame Blanche Marchesi, Mdlle. 
Marie Engel, Mdlles. Giulia and Sofia 
Ravogli, Miss Georgina Ganz, Madame 
Alice Gomez, Miss Ada Crossley, Mme. 
Clara Butt and Mr. Edward Lloyd, 
Mr. Kennerley Rumford, Mr. Charles 
Ganz and Mr. (now Sir) Charles Sant- 
ley, Mons. Johannes Wolff, Mons. 
Hollman ; also Sir Charles Wyndham, 
Mr. George Grossmith, Mr. Cyril Maude 
and Miss Mary Moore, and Miss Wini- 
fred Emery. In 1908 he gave a second 
great concert; and, in 1911, Mm*. 
Adelina Patti arranged a benefit con- 
cert for him owing to his inability, 
following illness, to pursue his pro- 
fession. Mr. Ganz has composed many 
popular songs formerly sung by 
famous singers, "Sing, Sweet Bird," 
" I Seek for Thee in Every Flower," 
" The Nightingale's Trill," and much 
pianoforte and dance music ; has been 
the recipient of numerous orders and 
decorations from European rulers. 
Address : 83 Onslow Gardens, S.W. 

GARCIA, Albert, baritone vocalist 
and teacher ; b. London ; 5. of Gus- 
tave Garcia, teacher of music, and his 
wife Linas Martorelli, operatic artiste, 
also grandson of Manuel Garcia, and 
grand-nephew of Mesdames Malibran 
and Viardot-Garcia ; e. at Reading, 
formerly occupied as a land surveyor ; 
prepared for the musical profession 
first at the R.C.M. under his father, 
and then in Paris under Madame 
Viardot, Pechnow-Duvernoy, and Paul 
Lheric (operatic) ; first appeared at 
the Bechstein Hall at a recital given 
by his father in 1902 ; since then has 
sung at Covent Garden, the Royal 
Albert Hall, the Queen's Hall, 
ChappelTs Ballad Concerts, Royal 
Amateur Orchestral Society's Con- 
certs; the Crystal Palace, and the 
principal provincial choral and orches- 
tral societies, also in Germany and 

France ; is a professor at G.S.M. and 
R.C.M. Favourite occupation : Teach- 
ing singing. His recreations include 
nearly all sports. Member of the Play- 
goers' Club and Kendal Golf Club. 
Address : 196 Sutherland Avenue, 
Maida Vale, W. Telephone: 1485 
P.O. Hampstead. 

GARCIA, Gustave, singing-master; 
b. Milan, 1 Feb., 1837 ; younger s. of 
Manuel Garcia. Although born in an 
atmosphere of music he did not receive 
any special musical training until he 
had attained the age when it became 
necessary for him to choose a profes- 
sion. He decided to follow that of his 
predecessors, and went to Paris to 
study with Bucine, a pupil of Manuel 
Garcia. Twelve months later he came 
to London to receive his father's 
instructions, and he made rapid pro- 
gress under the great teacher. In less 
than a year he started for Milan, where 
he was fortunate enough to get an 
engagement at La Scala, making his 
debut in Donizetti's "Don Sebas- 
tiano." From Milan he went to 
Athens for four months. The city was 
in the throes of the revolution which 
ended in the deposition of King Otho I 
and his Queen. The company, however, 
gave their performances to the end of 
the season. Upon the termination of 
this engagement, Garcia set out upon 
a tour through Piacenza, Sinigaglia, 
Reggio-di-Modena, Naples, Asti, Tri- 
este, etc. Upon the conclusion of this 
engagement he returned to Milan. 
Garcia was engaged at the Theatre 
Carcano to take the title-rdte and 
superintend the performance of Mo- 
zart's " Don Giovanni," which had 
not been produced in Italy for over 
forty years. He also took part in 
" Elisir d'Amore " with the celebrated 
Signora Frezzolini. At length he 
returned to London and made his 
debut at Her Majesty's Theatre, in 
"Faust," with Sims Reeves, Miss 
Louisa Pyne, and Signor Marchesi, 
husband of the famous teacher in 
Paris, and both pupils of Manuel 
Garcia. He then returned to Italy to 
fulfil several more engagements, and 
finally came back to England to settle 
as a concert singer and teacher. He 
was appointed a professor at the 





R.A.M., the R.C.M., and, lastly, the 
G.S.M., and in the two last institutions 
he has taught almost since their 
foundation. Mr. Garcia for some years 
conducted an opera class in London, 
during which time he gave several 
public performances, including one of 
" Mignon," conducted by Mr. Henry J. 
Wood (now Sir Henry Wood), whose 
one-act opera comique, " The Pedlar," 
he also performed. He is the author 
of a work upon the technique of acting, 
entitled " The Actor's Art," which has 
run through several editions. Many of 
his former pupils have achieved 
distinction, including his son Albert 
(q.v.). Address ; 196 Sutherland 
Avenue, W. Telephone: 1485 P.O. 

GARDEN, Mary, operatic singer ; &. 
Edinburgh, 1877 ; went to Paris in 
1898, and studied singing with Fugere 
and Chevaliier ; first appeared at 
Opera Comique, 1900, as substitute 
for Mdlle. Riston, in the third act of 
" Louise," continuing to play the 
part ; created Marie in "La Mar- 
seillaise " in 1900, and Diane in " La 
Fille de Tabarine," 1901 ; sang in 
revival of " Manon " at Opera 
Comique in 1902; is equally well 
known in the United States. Address : 
10 Rue Chalgrin, Paris. 

GARDNER, Charles, pianist and 
teacher; b. at Greenwich, 1 April, 
1836 ; s. of Charles Graham Gardner, 
organist of Lee parish church and 
musical instructor to H.R.H. the 
Duke of Connaught when a cadet at 
Woolwich ; e. at the New Proprietary 
School, Blackheath, and for music by 
his father, Ernst Pauer, Sir George 
Macfarren and Mme. Schumann ; m. 
Miss Mary Emma Scripps in 1862. 
Commenced giving Chamber Concerts 
annually on 11 July, 1863, at Hanover 
Square Rooms, which were continued 
at Willis's Rooms, Prince's Hall and 
Queen's Hall till 1897, since which he 
has chiefly interested himself in the 
recitals of his pupils; was for very 
many years professor at G.S.M. In 
early life was organist at St. John's, 
Blackheath; Holy Trinity, Vauxhall, 
and SS. Michael and All Angels, Pad- 
dington. Took L.R.A.M. diploma in 

1882 ; elected an Associate of Phil- 
harmonic Society in 1859 ; served con- 
tinuously as director since 1884 and 
as co-treasurer from 1892-1907. Plays 
chess and golf. Address : 10 Warwick 
Crescent, W. 

GASCOIGNE, Claude, pianist; b. 
Leyton, Essex, 16 July, 1884; s. of 
Channing Kiddell Gascoigne, civil 
servant ; e. privately ; entered the 
R.A.M., 1898, where he studied under 
Tobias Matthay, leaving in 1904 ; he 
won the Erard Centenary Scholarship, 
1901, also the Heathcote-Zong Prize 
and the Macfarren Gold Medal in 1904, 
and was elected an Associate in the 
same year. His principal engagements 
include appearances at the Bourne- 
mouth Symphony Concerts, East- 
bourne Symphony Concerts, and Pro- 
menade Concerts at the Queen's Hall ; 
his compositions include a fantasia and 
six Pianoforte Fancies. Recreations ; 
Reading and walking. Address : 89 
Hamlet Gardens, Ravenscourfc Park, 

GATTY, Nicholas, composer ; e. at 
R.C.M. Has composed a choral setting 
to Milton's " Fly, Envious Time ! " for 
Sheffield Festival, and a one-act opera, 
"Grey Steel" (to a libretto by his 
brother, R. Gatty), played for first 
time by Moody-Manners Company at 
Theatre Royal, Shef&eld. 

GAY, Maria, contralto; b. Barce- 
lona, and intended to become a 
sculptor. In 1902 the famous pianist, 
Pugno, heard her sing and offered her 
an engagement for a concert tour. 
In the same year she was offered an 
engagement by the management of the 
Theatre Monnaie at Brussels, and made 
her dbut as Carmen. She afterwards 
took a year's course of vocal training 
in Paris, the first she had received. 
She is well known in Continental 
opera houses as an exponent of her art 
in such operas as " Orfeo," " Samson," 
"Aida," "Favorita," etc.; made a 
great success, on the occasion of her 
dtbut> at Covent Garden as Carmen in 

GEIS, Hen, operatic baritone ; b. at 
Munich, 1867. Began studying violin 




at six years of age. Followed his 
musical education at Royal Academy 
of Munich, under Rheinberger and 
Abel. Subsequently joined orchestra 
of Royal Opera under the direction 
successively of Hermann Levy, Franz 
Fisher, and Richard Strauss. Made 
his dbut as an actor at Elberfeld in 
1888, and in 1900 became an opera 
singer at Munich. In 1903 made his 
d&but at Royal Opera, Covent Garden, 
as Beckmesser in " Die Meistersinger." 

GERARD, Kate, teacher of piano- 
forte; b. Aberdeen, her father, Mr. 
Charles Walker, being a well-known 
organist there ; e. partly by her father 
in Aberdeen, at Stuttgart under Wil- 
helm Kruger, and in Paris under Cesar 
Franck; took degree of Literate in 
Arts of St. Andrew's University ; later 
studied in London with Miss Fanny 
Davies ; appointed professor at G.S.M., 
1906 ; m. in 1893 to the late Dr. John 
Gerard, M.A., M.D., of Harley Street. 
Address : The Hut, Harrow. 

GERARD Y, Jean, violoncellist ; 6. 
Spa, Belgium, 7 Dec., 1877. At the 
early age of seven began his study of 
the 'cello. At ten years of age he 
graduated at the Verviers Conserva- 
toire, and a year after he was touring 
Europe with PaderewsM and Ysaye. 
His first appearance was at Notting- 
ham, and soon afterwards at the now 
demolished St. James's Hall. He has 
visited the United States, Australia, 
and practically every European coun- 
try of importance. M. Gerardy nar- 
rowly escaped the San Francisco 
earthquake. He had been playing in 
the doomed city, and had arranged 
to leave by the morning Pullman, but 
at the last moment decided to travel 
by the night train, just succeeding in 
booking the last berth. A few months 
before M. Gerardy was in the terrible 
railway accident to the Montreal and 
New York Express, and, although 
twenty-five were killed and many 
injured, miraculously escaped with a 
slight shaking. 

GERHABDT, Elena, lieder singer ; 
b. in Germany; studied with Mary 
Hedmondt, wife of the well-known 
tenor, at the Leipzig Conservatoire. 

She was heard there by Nikisch while 
still a student, and at her series of 
concerts he played her accompani- 
ments. She has toured Germany and 
Europe with Herr Nikisch, and made 
her English dbut at a concert given 
by Elman in Queen's Hall ; has since 
become widely known as a leading 
exponent of her art. Address : Leipzig. 

GERMAN, Edward, composer; b. 
Whitchurch, Shropshire, 17 Feb., 1862 ; 
entered R.A.M. in 1880 as organ 
student, but afterwards devoted him- 
self to the study of the violin ; in 1885 
he won the Charles Lucas medal for 
composition, his work being a " Te 
Deum " for chorus and organ. While 
at the Academy he wrote several works 
of importance, some of which were per- 
formed at concerts in London and else- 
where ; leaving the Academy in 1887 
he was made Associate in that year 
and Fellow in 1895. In 1889 he was 
appointed musical director of the 
Globe Theatre ; conducted concerts at 
the Crystal Palace in 1893, and per- 
formances of his own compositions at 
the Leeds, Norwich, and Gloucester 
Festivals. His compositions include 
an operetta, " The Rival Poets," first 
performed at the R.A.M. in 1886, 
and in the following year at St. 
George's Hall, where it was revived in 
1901 ; Incidental music to " Richard 
III" at the Globe, 1889; specially 
commissioned by Sir Henry Irving to 
write the Incidental music for his 
production of " Henry VIII " at the 
Lyceum in 1892, the Three Dances 
from which have proved enormously 
popular ; Incidental music to " The 
Tempter," produced by Sir Herbert 
Tree at the Haymarket in 1893; 
" Romeo and Juliet," Lyceum, 1895 ; 
"As You Like It," St. James's 
Theatre, 1896; Symphonic poem, 
" Hamlet," Birmingham Festival, 1897; 
Incidental music to " Much Ado About 
Nothing," St. James's Theatre, 1898 ; 
Symphonic suite, "The Seasons," 
1899; Incidental music to "Nell 
Gwyn," 1900 ; opera, " The Emerald 
Isle," in conjunction with the late 
Sir Arthur Sullivan (Savoy Theatre), 
1901 ; " Merrie England," Savoy 
Theatre, 1902; "The Princess of 
Kensington," Savoy, 1903; "Welsh 




Rhapsody," 1904 ; (orchestral), " Just 
So Book," with Rudyard Kipfing, 
1904 ; music to the Duchess of 
Sutherland's play, " The Conqueror/' 
1905 ; comic opera, " Tom Jones," 
1907 ; Savoy opera, " Fallen Fairies " 
(with the late Sir W. S. Gilbert), 
1909 ; " Coronation March and Hymn," 
performed in Westminster Abbey at 
the Coronation of King George V, 
1911. His purely orchestral works, in 
addition to those already mentioned, 
include : Symphony (No. 1) in E 
minor, Symphony (No. 2) in A minor, 
Funeral March, Gipsy Suite, Sym- 
phonic Suite in D minor, March Rhap- 
sody (on original themes), etc. Numer- 
ous songs and other fugitive composi- 
tions. Recreation : Fishing. Address : 
5 Hall Road, N.W. 

GIBSON, Alfred, violinist ; b. Not- 
tingham, 27 Oct., 1849, his father being 
a violinist and teacher; e. at High 
Pavement School, Nottingham, and 
for music by his father and the late 
Henry Farmer. Made his first appear- 
ance in 1S61 at his native town, and 
has since become one of the best- 
known English violinists of his day ; 
from 1871-1883 belonged to Royal 
Opera Orchestra, Covent Garden ; 
appeared at the Monday Popular 
Concerts from 1882 till 1893, when, 
on the retirement of Herr Straus, he 
was appointed to the post of viola 
in the quartet. On 5 Nov., 1893, was 
appointed leader of Her late Majesty 
Queen Victoria's private band, a post 
he retained under his late Majesty 
King Edward, and still holds. He was 
leader of the orchestra at the two 
Coronations, and is a professor of the 
vioHn at the R.A.M. and the G.S.M. 
He married Miss Alice Mary Curtis 
in 1885. Addresses: 45 Canfield 
Gardens, Finchley Road ; and Arts 

GUI, Allen, b. Devonport ; father 
and brothers in musical profession ; e. 
local school ; came to London as an 
organist, 1882; studied the 'cello at 
the R.A.M., where he is now a pro- 
fessor; appointed Musical Director 
at the People's Palace, 1893; had a 
choral society there and gave modern 
works. Conductor of Alexandra Palace 

Choral and Orchestral Society, Not- 
tingham Sacred Harmonic, Bradford 
Permanent Orchestra, etc. Mr. Gill is 
a F.R.A.M. Recreation : Golf. Ad- 
dress : 5 Lincoln House, Dartmouth 
Park Hill, N.W. Telephone: 140 

GILLY, Andr, operatic tenor; b. 
Paris ; e. at Paris Conservatoire ; 
made his debut at Gaiete Lyrique, 
1909 ; has sung at San Carlos (Lisbon), 
Royal Opera (Covent Garden), etc. 

GILLY, Dinh, operatic baritone; 
made his first appearance at Covent 
Garden, 191 1 , as the Sheriff in Puccini's 
" Girl of the Golden West " ; also sang 
in parts of Amonasro in " Aida " and 
Athanael in " Thais " (Massenet). 

GLADSTONE, Francis Edward, 

teacher of theory; b. 2 Max., 1845, 
at Summertown, near Oxford ; his 
father being the Rev. J. E. Gladstone, 
a clergyman of the Church of England, 
and a first cousin of the late Right Hon. 
W. E. Gladstone; e. privately near 
Torquay. An articled pupil for five 
years of Dr. Samuel Sebastian Wesley, 
then organist of Winchester Cathedral. 
Mr. Gladstone was married in 1868 to 
Miss Mary Louisa Phillott. He has 
composed a good deal in varying 
styles, but modestly confesses to but 
little success. His latest work, how- 
ever, a " Treatise on Strict Counter- 
point," has happily proved an excep- 
tion. Has held the post of organist at 
Llandaff, Chichester and Norwich 
Cathedrals ; and has acted as examiner 
at the Universities of Cambridge, 
Durham and London. Professor at 
R.C.M. until 1910, when he resigned 
after twenty-seven years' service. 
Hobbies : Sailing (" in which many 
happy and some rather risky hours 
were spent ") and photography. 

GLEE SON- WHITE, Cicely, sc 

vocalist ; 6. Christchurch, Hamp 
d. of the late J. W. Gleeson-White, 
a well-known art editor, author, critic 
and art designer; (is a collateral 
descendant of the Rt. Hon. George 
Canning) ; was trained under Miss 
Anna Williams at the R.C.M., where 
she was Exhibitioner, then finally 





Scholar, and elected Associate; she 
also won the London Musical 
Society and the Henry Leslie prizes. 
While still at college she was heard by 
Sir Edward Elgar rehearsing an aria 
from " Fidelio " with orchestra. Sir 
Edward was so pleased that, unknown 
to Miss Gleeson-White, he sent her 
name to Scotland, suggesting her 
selection for the first production in 
Edinburgh and Glasgow of " Carac- 
tacus." These were practically her 
first big concerts, but she has since 
sung frequently with the Glasgow 
Choral Union and the Scottish Orches- 
tra. She also sang in the first produc- 
tion of Elgar 's " The Apostles," in Scot- 
land, and appeared in the Three Choir 
Festivals six years in succession, and 
for Royal Choral Society ten years in 
succession. In 1906 she appeared 
on several occasions at the Royal 
Opera, Covent Garden, playing im- 
portant parts in " Die Walkure," 
" Tannhauser," and Gluck's " Ar- 
mide." She has also sung at 
leading festivals all over the United 
Kingdom and at concerts of the 
London Philharmonic Society, the 
Bach Choir, the Royal Choral Society, 
Halle and Richter Concerts, and 
Liverpool Philharmonic Concerts, and 
in fact has taken part in nearly all the 
leading London and provincial con- 
certs during the past few years. She 
created the part of Gooddeeds at the 
first production of " Everyman," by 
Dr. Walford Davies at the Leeds 
Festival in 1904. On the last night 
of the Leeds Festival Miss Gleeson- 
White went on the platform at five 
minutes* notice in place of Madame 
Sobrino, who was suffering from a 
severe cold, and sang her part in 
" The Golden Legend " and Handel's 
' Sixth Chandos Anthem " without re- 
hearsal. In 1907 and 1909 she sang at 
the Royal Opera Covent Garden, and 
in the autumn of 1909 as Isolde and 
Elizabeth for Carl Rosa Company. 
In 1910 she appeared during the 
Beecham (autumn) Season as Fidelio, 
Elizabeth, Venus, Donna Anna, etc., 
at Covent Garden. In 1911 she 
toured with Mr. Denhof in the spring as 
Brunnhilde throughout the English per- 
formances of "The Ring." In 1912 she 
again toured under same management 

as "Elektra" and "Isolde." Inl912she 
toured with the Quinlan Opera Com- 
pany as Elizabeth, La Contessa, and 
Brunnhilde, and on 23 May sang at 
Philharmonic Society's Centenary Con- 
cert performance of Beethoven's Choral 
Symphony. In 1913 she is retained by 
Mr. Beecham for "Isolde" and 
" Elektra " in German, and is engaged to 
sing Kundry in " Parsifal " under Herr 
Balling at Manchester. She is a 
favourite pupil of Miss Williams, and 
before the Leeds Festival of 1904 was 
presented by her with a mother-of- 
pearl and ostrich feather fan, which 
had been the gift of the Birmingham 
Festival to Miss Williams on her retire- 
ment. Mdme. Gleeson-White is mar- 
ried to Mr. George Miller, jnr., B.M., 
1st Life Guards. Address : 3 Clorane 
Gardens, Plate's Lane, Hampstead, 
N.W. Telegrams : " Gleesonite, 

GLOVER, James Maekey; b. Dublin, 
18 June, 1861 ; s. of James Mackey, 
an Irish patriot in the seventies, and 
a grandson of Prof. J. W. Glover, the 
well-known composer and editor of 
" Moore's Irish Melodies " ; e. in 
Dublin, where as a very young rpa-n 
he was deputy-organist in the Cathe- 
dral ; was apprenticed to a chemist ; 
in 1879 was sent by his grandfather 
to France to complete his musical 
education ; appointed musical director 
at Olympic, 1881 ; musical director, 
Empire, Leicester Square, 1885; chef 
d'orchestre at Palace, Shaftesbury 
Avenue, 1893 ; was subsequently 
connected with several of the London 
theatres, and with numerous provincial 
theatres and halls ; for some time was 
associated with Drury Lane and 
Covent Garden under the late Sir 
Augustus Harris ; was selected as 
conductor by Arthur Collins when the 
latter became managing director of 
Drury Lane, and has held the post 
since 1897 ; composed " A Trip to 
Paris" (which opened the Palace 
Theatre), " All the Year Round " and 
" Parisiana," ballets, both of which 
have been successfully produced at the 
Alhambra ; composes and arranges all 
the music for the Drury Lane panto- 
mimes and dramas ; was for six years 
musical critic of the Sun and Weekly 





Sun ; was also attached to the staff 
of The Daily Mail; is a prolific con- 
tributor to the Press, and is now on 
London Opinion and The Stage ; 
served as a municipal councillor and, 
subsequently, as Mayor of Bexhill. 
A ddress : Theatre Royal, Drury Lane, 
W.C. Clubs : Eccentric and National 

GMELNER, Ellas, operatic con- 
tralto ; b. in Germany ; sister of Mme. 
Mysz-Gmeiner, ballad singer ; has 
appeared at Covent Garden in 
" Konigskinder," 1912. 

GODD ABD, James H., operatic bass ; 
pupil of Jean de Reszke for the last 
three or four years. Engaged at 
Covent Garden for Wagnerian rdles 
1912 season; played King Mark in 
" Tristan " and Landgrave in " Tann- 

GODFREY, Annie, violinist, b. 1892 ; 
e. privately, and trained for music 
by her father Manus Godfrey, Herr 
Ronay, and Prof. Auer in Petersburg ; 
first appearance in London at Queen's 
Hall, 5 Nov., 1912, with New Symphony 
Orchestra and Landon Ronald con- 
ducting ; engaged for Royal Amateur 
Orchestral Society's Concert, 1 1 Dec , 
1912. Favourite composer : J. S. Bach. 
Address : 22 Sarre Road, W. Hamp- 
stead, N.W. 

GODFREY, Dan, orchestral con- 
ductor ; b. London, 1868 ; 5. of Dan 
Godfrey, late bandmaster of the 
Grenadier Guards ; grandson of Lieut. 
Charles Godfrey, for fifty years band- 
master of the Coldstream Guards ; 
nephew of Fred Godfrey, bandmaster 
oi the Coldstream Guards, and of 
Charles Godfrey, bandmaster of the 
Royal Horse Guards ; also nephew of 
G. W. Godfrey, the well-known play- 
wright; e. at King's College School; 
m. Jessie Stuart, 1892 ; prepared for 
the musical profession at the R.C.M. ; 
Ms first appearance was at a perform- 
ance by pupils of the College in 1885, 
when he played a clarinet solo, as a 
member of the orchestra of the College ; 
with his organisation known as the 
London Military Band he toured the 
north of England, playing at the 

Edinburgh Exhibition and the Glas- 
gow East End Exhibition, 1890-1 ; 
was appointed Musical Adviser to 
Olympia, Limited, in 1894, and 
Musical Director to the Corporation of 
Bournemouth in 1895, which position 
he has occupied ever since ; conducted 
an opera tour in South Africa in 1891-2, 
and was the only British conductor 
at the Wagner Festival in Berlin in 
1904. Was elected honorary R.A.M. in 
1906. His recreations are motoring, 
golf, bridge. Address : St. Margaret's, 
Priory Road, Bournemouth, and Win- 
ter Gar dens, Bournemouth. Telephone; 
291 A Bournemouth. Club : Savage. 

GODFREY, Herbert Aberlin, band 
conductor; b. 17 Dec., 1869, at 
Datchet, s. of Charles Godfrey and his 
wife nee Camille Aberlin ; e. at Christ's 
Hospital and, having a natural apti- 
tude for drawing, hoped to become an 
artist. Held a junior clerkship in 
Civil Service, 1887-8, and in 1889 
played a cornet solo with the Crystal 
Palace Band, then under the conductor- 
ship of his brother, Charles Godfrey, 
Jun., whom he succeeded in 1895 in 
that position and which he has retained 
ever since. Has composed a good deal 
of light music beginning with Christ- 
mas Fantasy, " Santa Glaus," 1896 ; 
ballets, " The Red, White and Blue," 
1897 ; " The Services," 1898 ; " Home 
of the Butterflies," 1900 ; incidental 
music to pantomimes " Dick Whit- 
tington," 1902-3; "Babes in the 
Wood," 1904 ; " Spectacles " ; " The 
Invasion," 1909; " Pompeii," 1910; 
"China," 1912, etc. Hobbies: 
Drawing and painting. Address : 
Melville, Gipsy Hill, S.E. 

GODFREY, Percy, b. Derbyshire, 
1859 ; e. Bedford Grammar School ; for 
musical training was chiefly indebted 
to P. H. Diene (Bedford), Sir Geo. 
Macfarren, and Professor Prout. 
Gained Lesley-Alexander Prize for 
Piano Quintette, 1900 ; and Musician's 
Comp. Prize for Coronation March, 
1902; Choral Ballade Prize, Dover 
Festival, 1904. Member of Musicians' 
Company; is A.R.C.M., Mus.Bac., 
(Dunelm), and Music Master, King's 
School, Canterbury; m. 1908, Lily, 
widow of Leonard Sidgwick Howell, 





and d. of late George Clowes. Address : 
Brentwood, South Canterbury. 

GODFREY-SMITH, Laurence, pia- 
nist ; b. Fiji Islands, 15 Feb., 1884 ; 
s. of George Smith, merchant ; nephew 
of G. de Carios Rego, principal musical 
critic of the Sydney Daily Telegraph ; 
e. at Sydney High School ; received 
his musical education from Sydney 
Moss in Sydney and Theodore Lesche- 
tizsky in Vienna, from 1902 to 1906 ; 
made his first professional appearance 
as a soloist at Sydney Liedertafel 
Concert on 23 Aug., 1901 ; gave recitals 
in London in 1905 and in Paris in 
1906; at the close of 1907 he left 
England to settle in Australia as a 
professional pianist. Address : c/o 
Paling & Co., George Street, Sydney. 
Telegraphic address : " Corinthian, 

GOMEZ, Alice, mezzo-soprano vo- 
calist; b. Calcutta, of Eurasian 
parentage, her father being of Spanish 
and her mother of Portuguese and 
Indian descent; she studied singing 
and the organ under Mr. T. Henry 
Webb, organist of the Protestant 
Cathedral, Calcutta ; her voice was at 
first a soprano of somewhat high range, 
but through studying such rdles as 
Leonora in "II Trovatore " she 
developed the mezzo quality, and 
greatly extended the compass of her 
voice ; leaving Calcutta, where she 
had become well known as a vocalist, 
she came to England and made her 
first appearance in London at a concert 
specially organised for her debut by her 
old master, Mr. Webb, 14 July, 1885 ; 
she was highly successful, and sub- 
sequently made occasional appear- 
ances at concerts and at homes, until 
in 1887 she sang at the Crystal Palace, 
from which time she became well 
known as a concert vocalist, taking a 
leading position, and appearing at the 
principal concerts in London and the 
provinces. Mme. Gomez now resides 
in Calcutta. 

GOODSON, Katherine, pianist; e. 
at R.A.M. under Oscar Beringer, and 
afterwards for four years under the 
famous Prof. Leschetizky at Vienna ; 
first appeared as solo pianist on 16 

Jan., 1897, at the Saturday Popular 
Concerts, making four appearances 
during the season ; at Richter's 
London Concert, 20 May, 1901, she 
played Tschaikovsky's pianoforte Con- 
certo in B flat minor ; has appeared 
at least twice each season at ChappelTs 
Popular Concerts ; her appearances 
on the Continent have been very 
numerous ; at Vienna she was solo 
pianist at the Bohemian String Quar- 
tette's Concert, 1901, and she played 
with the Vienna Philharmonic Con- 
certverein in the same year ; in Paris 
she played with the Lamoureux 
Orchestra, under Chevillard, a Liszt 
Concerto, 1903, and at Versailles she 
appeared at the Concerts Classiques 
in 1898-9 and 1900, her programme 
including Beethoven's C Minor Con- 
certo and concertos by Grieg and 
Tschaikovsky ; Monte Carlo Sym- 
phony Concerts, 1903 ; Leipzig Ge- 
wandhaus, 1905 ; Grieg Concerto 
under Nikisch; Cologne Gurzenich 
Concerts, 1905, Grieg Concerto; 
Queen's Hall, with London Symphony 
Orchestra, new concerto, by Arthur 
Minton ; Lower Rhine Festival, Aix- 
la-Chapelle, under Weingartner, Liszt 
Concerto, 1906; besides tours in 
Ireland, Scotland, Belgium, France, 
Holland, Germany, Italy and Austria, 
also four extended tours with Kubelik 
through the English provinces; m. 
Arthur Hinton, composer, 1903. Agent : 
Concert direction E. L. Robinson, 
7 Wigmore Street, W. 

GOOD WIN, Amina, pianist ; b. Man- 
chester ; d . of John Lawrence Good- 
win, organist, violinist, and conductor. 
Showed great talent when very young, 
and enjoyed the advantage of being 
taken by her father to the rehearsals 
of Hall6 orchestra, of which he was a 
member. At nine years of age she 
played Dussek's E flat concerto with 
Halte orchestra, and shortly after 
appeared successfully at Covent Garden 
Prom. Concerts ; at eleven years old 
she entered the Leipzig Conservatoire, 
studying with Reinecke, Jadassohn, 
Weidenbach, and Richter for harmony. 
Afterwards she studied at the Paris 
Conservatoire, competing against sixty 
other foreign pianists for free admis- 
sion. Later, at the age of seventeen, 





she went to Weimar with a letter from 
Saint-Sae'ns to Liszt and studied tinder 
him for some time, becoming one of his 
favourite pupils ; she was also under 
Mme. Schumann in Frankfurt for 
several years. On returning home, she 
made her dbut at a Crystal Palace 
Saturday Concert under Manns. She 
also appeared at the then existing 
London Musical Society under Barnby, 
at Henschel's Symphony Concerts, at 

eueen's Hall, St. James's Hall, Covent 
arden, and toured -with success in 
Holland and Germany ; she is author 
of a manual, " Practical Hints on 
Technique and Touch in Pianoforte 
Playing, and of Pianoforte Solos " ; 
she is founder and inspirer of " The 
London Trio," consisting of herself, 
Pecskai (violinist), and Whitehouse 
{'cellist), and ranks among the leading 
pianists of the day ; she was married 
to the late Mr. "W. Ingram- Adams. 
Address : 63 Drayton Gardens, 
South Kensington, telephone : 2087 

GOOSSENS, Eugene, conductor and 
violinist ; b. London, 26 May, 1893 ; 
s. of late Engene Goossens, formerly 
conductor of Carl Rosa Opera Com- 
ay, and choirmaster of St. Anne's, 
gehill ; went to Belgium, 1901 ; 
studied Bruges Conservatoire, 1903-5 ; 
studied at Liverpool College of Music, 
1905-7 ; gained Liverpool Scholarship 
at R.C.M. in 1907, and studied with 
Rivarde (violin) and Stanford (com- 
position). Composed symphonic varia- 
tions for orchestra, June, 1912. An 
Associate R.C.M. and Silver Medallist 
R.C.M. Address: 125 Chatham Street, 
Abercrombie Square, Liverpool. 

GOSS-CUSTABD, Reginald, organist ; 
b. 29 Mar., 1877, at St. Leonaxd's-on- 
Sea; e. musically by his father, 
Walter Goss Custard, a nephew of Sir 
John Goss ; appointed organist St. 
Mary's, Battle, at age of sixteen. 
Appointed assistant organist St. Mar- 
garet's, Westminster, in 1900, and 
organist in 1902. Hobbies : Motor- 
cycling and tennis. Member of Phil- 
harmonic Society, R.C.O. and I.S.M. 
Address : Thornleigh, St. Matthew's 
Avenue, Surbiton. Telephone No. : 
2499 Surbiton. 

GOSS-CUSTARD, Walter Henry, 

organist; b. 7 Feb., 1871, St. Leo- 
nard's-on-Sea ; s. of Walter Goss 
Custard (#.#.). Appointed organist 
Christchurch, Blacklands, Hastings, 
1887, Holy Trinity, Hastings, 1890, 
St. John's, Deptford, 1902, St. Sa- 
viour's, Baling, 1904, a position he still 
holds. Took degree of Mus. Bac., 
Oxon, 1895. Hobbies : Golf and 
fishing. Associate of Philharmonic 
Society. Address : 3 St. Mary's 
Villas, Warwick Road, Ealing. 

GRAINGER, Percy Aldridge, com- 
poser and pianist ; b. Brighton, near 
Melbourne, Australia, 8 July, 1883; 
s. of John H. Grainger, engineer and 
architect, and his wife Rose Annie 
Aldridge, formerly a teacher of music ; 
received his first five years' musical 
tuition from his mother ; his first 
master was Heir Louis Pabst, a well- 
known Melbourne professor ; he was 
then sent to Frankf ort-on-Maine, where 
he studied under Prof. James Kwast, 
afterwards receiving tuition from Signer 
Busoni ; his first public appearance was 
in Melbourne at the age of eleven, when 
he gave a successful recital on the 
piano, and was greeted by the local 
critics as a " wonder-child ; he next 
gave a recital at Frankfort in Dec., 
1900, making his first appearance in 
London in October of the following 
year ; appeared at the Halle Concerts 
at Manchester under Richter in 1905 ; 
at the Broadwood London Concerts, 
1905 ; first recital at Copenhagen, 
5 Mar., 1906; Leeds Philharmonic, 
1906 ; he now tours the European 
continent, fulfilling over 100 engage- 
ments annually in Holland, Germany, 
Switzerland, and Scandinavia ; played 
by command before Queen Alexandra 
at Buckingham Palace on 8 Mar., 1905, 
and again before the Danish Court 
(including the late King of Denmark, 
the King of Greece, and the Dowager 
Empress of Russia) at the Yellow 
Palace, Copenhagen, 12 Oct., 1905. 
His published compositions include 
Paraphrase on "Valse des Fleurs," 
Tschaikovsky-Grainger (ForsythBros.); 
Mock Morris for seven-part string 
orchestra ; " Molly on the Shore," Irish 
reel for string orchestra (Schott) ; Duet 
for 'cello and piano on Scandinavian 





Folk-music, "LaScandinave" (Schott) ; 
three Irish Dances, Stanford-Grainger 
(Houghton & Co.). Many other 
works for orchestra, chamber music, 
choral songs, and piano pieces are 
published by Schott & Co. His 
hobbies include collecting British Folk- 
songs, and the native music of New 
Zealand and Polynesia, and the study 
of Maori, and the study of Icelandic 
and Scandinavian Folk-songs and Folk- 
lore; is a member of the Folk-song 
Society. Meeting with Dr. Grieg in 
the spring of 1906 during his last visit 
to London, he greatly impressed the 
famous Norwegian composer. Address: 
Concert-direction, c/o E. L. Robinson, 
7 Wigmore Street, W. 

GREEN, Richard, vocalist and actor ; 
b. London ; m. Marie Jaussens, grand- 
daughter of the late John Winter- 
bottom ; e. at Margate College ; was 
formerly a bank clerk ; studied music 
at the R.A.M. and at Milan under 
Signer Moretti ; made his first appear- 
ance in opera in Jan., 1891, as Prince 
John in " Ivanhoe," at the Royal 
English Opera House. He then went 
to the Savoy Theatre, where he played 
in "Haddon Hall"; from 1893 to 
1895 he was at the Royal Opera, 
Covent Garden; returned to light 
opera at Terry's Theatre, appearing 
in "The French Maid" and "My 
Lady Molly " ; he has been a frequent 
singer at the Monday Popular Ballad 
and other concerts. Reappeared in 
light opera at the Savoy Theatre in 
1907 as Giuseppe in " The Gondoliers." 
Recreations : Golf, rowing and swim- 
ming. Address : 6 Adelphi Terrace, 
Strand, W.C. Clubs: Savage and 
Green Room. Telephone : 3499. 

GREENE, Harrv Plunket, baritone 
vocalist; b. Dublin, 24 June, 1865; 
s. of Richard J. Greene, banister, and 
Hon. Louisa Plunket, authoress, fourth 
d. of the third Baxon Plunket ; e. at 
Dublin, Clifton College, Stuttgart, 
Florence and London ; m. Gwendolen 
Maud Parry, daughter of Sir C. H. 
Parry, Bart., 1899 ; was destined for 
the bar, but having a fine voice, 
adopted music as a profession ; studied 
singing and music with Barraclough 
in Dublin, Hromada in Stuttgart, 

Vannuccini in Florence, Alfred Blume 
and Francis Korbay in London ; first 
appeared at Mrs. Scott FfennelTs con- 
cert in Dublin, Mar., 1887 ; has sung 
at most of the principal London con- 
certs and provincial festivals, and has 
given song recitals all over Great 
Britain and America, which he has 
visited on many occasions, and has 
sung in grand opera at Covent Garden ; 
is a professor R.C.M. Recreations : 
Outdoor sports and games. Address : 
48 Iverna Gardens, Kensington, W., 
and Hurstbourne Priors, Whitchurch, 
Hants. Telephone : 948 Kensington. 
Agents : Ibbs and Tillett, 19 Hanover 
Square, W. Clubs : Junior Carlton, 

GREENISH, Arthur J., organist; 
b. Haverfordwest, Pembrokeshire, S. 
Wales, 26 Jan., 1860. At eleven years 
of age assisted his mother as organist 
of village church; at thirteen joined 
choir of St. Saviour's, South Hamp- 
stead. Received organ lessons from 
the organist of St. Saviour's. In 1875 
entered his father's business in Haver- 
fordwest and began to study theory 
by himself. In 1877 his faier con- 
sented to send him to London as 
articled pupil to the organist at St. 
Saviour's. In 1878 entered R.A.M., 
but left after two years, from ill- 
health. While there studied with 
Steggall (organ), Fitton (piano), and 
Lunn (harmony). In 1880 appointed 
organist parish church, Battersea, 
choirmaster being Mr. (now Sir) 
Alfred Scott-Gatty, Garter King-at- 
Arms. In Jan., 1882, appointed 
organist and choirmaster at St. 
Saviour's, Hampstead, a post which 
he still holds. It is remarkable that 
the vicar and curate's appointments 
date respectively from 1872 and 1857. 
There has thus been no change in the 
three posts for over thirty years. 
F.R.C.O., 1881; Mus.Doc., Cantab., 
1891 ; elected A.R.A.M. ISSo^F.R.A.M. 
1895 ; appointed professor R.A.M., 
1899, and Examiner, Associated Board, 
1905. Address: 1 Steele's Road, 
Hampstead, N.W. 

GBBfSON, Annie, pianist and 
teacher ; b. 4 Sept., 1870, in Pimlico ; 
d. of Samuel Dean Crimson and his 




wife (itfe Bonarius) ; e. privately and 
trained for musical profession by her 
father until 12 years of age, when she 
took a Scholarship at R.C.M., which 
she held for 6 years. Studied under 
Franklin Taylor" (piano) Sir F. Bridge 
(harmony), Sir Hubert Parry (compo- 
sition). Before leaving Royal College 
she took gold medal and A.R.C.M. 
Subsequently she studied with Mr. 
Tobias Matthay. Made first London 
appearance at fcovent Garden Prome- 
nade Concerts, 1899, as pianist. Has 
since played at Imperial Institute, 
Queen's Hall, Blagrove Chamber 
Concerts, Eastbourne, Bournemouth, 
etc., etc. Has composed and published 
nocturne for 'cello and piano (Augener), 
Fidelite waltz for full orchestra 
(Phillips), etc., etc. Hobbies : Painting, 
country walks, and playing viola in 
string chamber music. Is professor 
at G.S.M. Telephone No. : 1466 P.O., 
Ealing. Address : Cremona, Ealing, 

GRISWOLD, Putnam, operatic bari- 
tone ; b. at Minneapolis, U.S.A. ; began 
musical career as a church singer 
Oakland, Cal. ; came to England and 
studied at R.A.M. under Randegger. 
Made debut at Covent Garden in 
Stanford's "Much Ado about No- 
thing/' Then studied with Bouhy in 
Paris. Has since sung in Germany and 
other European countries. 

GROOME, Reginald, tenor ; b. Cork, 
1861 ; s. of Chas. Groome and Mary 
Groome, vocalist ; e. Chippenham 
Grammar School. Studied music at 
R.A.M. under Manuel Garcia. First 
appeared at Monday Popular Concerts, 
1882. Has sung at all principal London 
halls, including old St. James's Hall, 
Queen's Hall, Crystal Palace, etc. Was 
for some time leader in a well-known 
concert party, "The King's Musket- 
eers." Now devotes much time to 
teaching at his studio, 139 New Bond 
Street, W. Address : 6 Adelphi Ter- 
race, London, W. Club : Savage. 

GROVER, Ager, tenor vocalist and 
teacher ; b. at Fulham, his father being 
Mr. Russell Grover, also a well-known 
tenor singer, and his mother Miss 
Ager. Received his musical education 

partly as a chorister at Westminster 
Abbey, where he was solo boy for five 
years under Dr. Bridge, and partly at 
the G.S.M. under Dr. W. H.Cummings ; 
also studied with Mr. H. Blume and 
Mr. C. Lunn ; at twenty-one was 
principal tenor at Marylebone Parish 
Church, later at St. Andrew's, Wells 
Street, and afterwards at the Temple 
Church, a position he now holds. 
Joined the Meister Glee Singers in 
1900, and sang in all the principal 
concert halls in London and the pro- 
vinces, and on a six months' tour 
through Canada, 1904-5; had the 
honour of deputising for Sims Reeves 
when twenty-two years of age; has 
sung the tenor rdles in all principal 
oratorios. It is a remarkable fact that 
Mr. Grover's voice never " broke," and 
that he could sing as a tenor before 
leaving the Abbey choir. He is a 
professor at the G.S.M. , and a member 
of Orpheus Lodge, 1706. Address : 
SA. Tremadoc Road, Clapham, S.W. 

GROVLEZ, Gabriel, composer; b. 
Lille, 1879 ; e. at Paris Conservatoire 
under Diemer, Lavignac, and Gabriel 
Faur6, and obtained " premier prix " ; 
toured as solo pianist with Marteau 
(violinist) over the whole of the Con- 
tinent, and was for ten years a pro- 
fessor of pianoforte at the Conserva- 
toire (known as Schola Cantorum) 
founded by Vincent D'Indy; has 
been conductor at the Paris Opera 
Comique, at the San Carlos (Lisbon), 
and at the Theatre des Arts, a post 
he still retains. Principal compositions 
include; PoSme symphonique for 
orchestra, after a ballad by Freili- 
grath ; PoSme symphonique in three 
parts for soli, chorus, and orchestra ; 
" Musique de ScSne et Ballet," for a 
piece adapted from the Chinese by 
Louis Laloy ; fifty melodies (songs) ; 
several instrumental works ; a Sonata 
for violin and pianoforte ; " Improvi- 
sations sur Londres " and " L'Ahna- 
nach aux Images," for piano ; " Little 
People's Song-Book " (Chansons en- 
fantines), etc. 

GUIDI, Scipione, violinist and 
teacher; b. 1884, Vicenza, Italy; 
e. at Milan Conservatoire and became 
Prof, of violin in Milan ; first appeared 



at Lodi, Milan, in 1895, and in London 
at Queen's Hall, 1908 ; has composed 
numerous pieces for violin and piano, 
etc. Hobby : Chess playing* Club : 
Musical Association in Milan. Ad- 
dress : Queen's Hall, London. 

GULBRANSON, Mme., soprano ; b. 
in Stockholm, where she also received 
her first musical training. Later she 



studied under Mme. Marchesi. Made 
her debut in Stockholm as Amneris in 
" Aida," also playing Ortrud and 
Ai'da. First sang at Bayreuth in 1896 
(Brunnhilde), and was re-engaged for 
the part in succeeding years. Favourite 
rdles, Brunnhilde and Kundry. Has 
sung in Paris, Moscow, Amsterdam, 
and other European cities and has 
frequently sung at Covent Garden. 


HADLEY, Henry, composer and con- 
ductor ; b. Sommerville, Mass., 
20 Dec., 1874 ; e. at native town, and 
showed musical promise before he was 
twelve. His father was well known in 
Mass, as a musician. Studied at New 
England Conservatory under Emery 
and G. W. Chadwick. At twenty com- 
posed orchestral overture, " Hector 
and Andromache," performed in New 
York. In 1894 came to study in Vienna. 
In 1895 took an appointment at Paul's 
School, Garden City, U.S.A., and 
held it till 1902. In 1904 again came 
to Europe, and toured extensively. 
In 1908 was attached to Stadt Theater, 
Mayence. In Oct., 1909, became con- 
ductor of Seattle (Wash.) Symphony 
Orchestra. Has written a very large 
number of orchestral compositions, 
including a comic opera, " Nancy 
Brown," a one-act opera " Sane," 
tone-poem " Salome," etc. 

HADOW, William Henry, M.A., 
Mus.Bac., F.R.S.L.; b. Ebrington, 
Gloucestershire, 1859; e. s. of Rev. 
William Elliot Hadow; unmarried; 
Member of Council, R.C.M. ; editor, 
" Oxford History of Music." Publica- 
tions : " Pianoforte Sonata," 1884 ; 
" String Quartet," 1887 ; " Studies in 
Modern Music," first series (1894), 
second series (1895) ; " Sonata Form," 
1896 ; " A Croatian Composer," 1897 ; 
"Album of Songs" (1897), second 
series (1899), third series (1903), fourth 
series (191 1) ; " The Viennese Period " 
(Oxford History of Music), 1904; 
" Incidental Music to Robert Bridges' 
" Demeter," 1905 ; and other literary 
works not connected with music. 
Recreation : Travelling. Address : 

Armstrong College, Newcastle; Foss 
Lodge, Cirencester. Club : Oxford 
and Cambridge. 

HALL, Edwin, bassoon player ; b. 
Keighley, Yorks, in April, 1863, his 
father, Mr. L. Hall, being a tenor 
vocalist ; e. at the School of Science 
and Art, Keighley. Won the first 
scholarship for bassoon at R.C.M. in 
1886. Made his first professional ap- 
pearance in Mar., 1888, at Exeter 
College, Oxford. Has been a member 
of the Philharmonic and Albert Hall 
orchestras for some time, also plays 
at Oxford and Cambridge University 
Symphony Concerts, etc. Appointed 
professor of bassoon at G.S.M. in 1897. 
Address : 33 Ennismore Avenue, 
Chiswick, W. 

HALL, G. W. L. Marshall, composer ; 
6. London, 1862 ; grandson of the 
famous physician, Dr. Marshall Hall ; 
e. King's College, London, and at 
Oxford; studied music at the 
R.C.M., London, and in Switzer- 
land and Germany; was for some 
years master of foreign languages 
at Newton College, Newton Abbott; 
in 1888 was appointed conductor of the 
Choral and Orchestral Societies of the 
London Organ School, and in 1900 
was elected Onnond Professor of 
Music, Melbourne University, Austra- 
lia ; owing to disagreements with the 
University authorities he resigned his 
position, and having founded a Con- 
servatorium of Music devotes himself 
to teaching and concert-giving. His 
compositions are numerous, including 
three operas of which he wrote both 
the libretti and music, several works 





for the orchestra, string quartets, 
songs, etc. Address : Melbourne, 

HALL, Marie, violinist ; b. New- 
castle-on-Tyne, 8 April, 1884 ; her 
father was at one time a harpist in the 
Carl Rosa Opera Company ; her first 
musical lessons were given her by her 
father and Miss Hildegarde Werner 
of Newcastle, at about the age of eight 
years, when she showed marked ability 
and a strong predilection for the violin ; 
she was brought out as a child artist, 
but the struggle was severe owing to 
her father's lack of means, and she 
was even compelled to play humble 
music in saloons and sometimes on 
the pavement's edge; at the age of 
nine she was heard by the famous 
violinist, Emile Sauret, who was greatly 
struck by her playing, and recom- 
mended that she should be sent to the 
R.A.M. ; this, however, was impossible 
at the time, but her remarkable talents 
attracted the attention of other 
eminent musicians, and she received 
instruction from Sir Edward Elgar 
when she was only ten years old, and 
from Wilhelmj, in London, two years 
later ; also from Max Mossel in 1898 ; 
about this time (1900) a sufficient sum 
of money was raised to enable her to 
be sent to London to study under 
Johann Kruse ; it should be mentioned 
that in 1899 she won a scholarship at 
the R.A.M., but had been unable to 
take advantage of it as it only provided 
for tuition ; however, she remained for 
two years with Mr. Kruse, and in 1901 
her friends decided to send her to 
Prague, in order to study under 
Sevcik; she was entered at the 
Conservatorium, where Dvorak was 
so impressed by her playing that he 
recommended Sevcik to regard her as 
already in her final year's course, and 
to take her under his immediate 
tuition ; she attributes her command 
of technique to Sevcik's incomparable 
method of teaching; she studied 
under him for a year and five months, 
practising eight and ten hours a day, 
and it should be recorded that he was 
so delighted with his pupil and con- 
fident of her success that he lent her 
his own Amati violin on the occasion 
of her dlbut ; this was Jmade gat 

Prague in Nov., 1902, and her 
success was instantaneous and 
enormous ; she played in the fol- 
lowing January at Vienna, and on 
16 Feb., 1903, made her first appear- 
ance in London at St. James's Hall ; 
her success was sensational, and 
professors of the violin and critics 
were astounded by the perfection of 
her technique and tone and the com- 
prehension with which she executed 
the greatest works ; she has toured 
all over Great Britain, also in many 
continental cities, playing at Dresden 
with the Court Orchestra ; she has 
also toured throughout the United 
States, Canada, Australia and New 
Zealand with unvarying success. 
Agent : Concert direction E. L. 
Robinson, 7 Wigmore Street, W. 

HAMBOURG, Boris, 'cellist; b. 
Voronez, South Russia, 27 Dec., 1884 ; 
s. of Michael Hambourg, professor of 
the piano, and his wife Catherine 
Cecilie; brother of Jan and Mark 
Hambourg ; received his musical 
education in London under Walenn, 
finishing at Frankfort under Prof. 
Hugo Becker; first appeared as solo 
'cellist at the Royal Albert Hall ; since 
then he has, like his gifted brothers, 
become an executant of the first rank, 
having played at leading concerts in 
London and all over the United King- 
dom ; he has also played in the princi- 
pal cities of Germany, including 
Berlin, Frankfort, and at the Tschai- 
kovsky Festival at Pyrmont ; he 
made a highly successful tour of the 
Australian Colonies in 1905-6. The 
brothers frequently give recitals to- 
gether, and their performances draw all 
musical London. Address: "Ma- 
rotchka," 2 Clifton Gardens, Maida 
Hill, W. Telephone: 2104 P.O., 
Hampstead. Telegraphic address : 
" c/o Musicastre, London." Club : 
German Athenaeum. Agent : Daniel 
Mayer, Chatham House, Hanover 
Square, W. 

HAMBOURG, Jan, violinist; b. 
Voronez, South Russia, 27 Aug., 1882 ; 
s. of Michael Hambourg, professor of 
the piano, and Catherine Cecilie, his 
wife ; brother of Boris and Mark 
Hambourg; e. London, Frankfort, 





Prague, and Brussels, under Profs. 
Wilhelmj and Emil Sauret in London ; 
Hugo Keerman, Frankfort; Sevcik, 
Prague ; and Ysaye, Brussels ; first 
appeared as solo violinist at Berlin, 
1905 ; has since given highly success- 
ful recitals and appeared at concerts 
in Berlin, Brussels and London. 
Recreations : Cricket, tennis, billiards, 
literature and mathematics. Address : 
" Marotchka," 2 Clifton Gardens, 
Maida Hill, W. Telephone : 2104 
P.O., Hampstead. Telegraphic address : 
" c/o Musicastre, London." Club : 
German Athenaeum. Agent: Daniel 
Mayer, Chatham House, Hanover 
Square, W. 

HAMBOURG, Mark, pianist; b. 
Bogutchar, South Russia, 1 June, 
1879 ; s. of Michael Hambourg, 
professor of the piano, and Catherine 
Cecilie, his wife (brothers, Boris and 
Jan Hambourg) ; received his early 
instruction on the piano from his father 
in London; was afterwards placed 
under the famous Prof. Leschetizsky 
of Vienna; first appeared as solo 
pianist at the Moscow Philharmonic, 
Mar., 1888 ; his principal engagements 
include appearances with the Vienna 
Philharmonic, 1895 ; Paris Philhar- 
monic and Colonne and Lamoureux 
concerts, Paris ; Berlin Philharmonic, 
London Philharmonic; concerts in 
Brussels with Ysaye, and has also 
toured in Russia and Switzerland. Has 
made four tours in Australia, three 
in America, two in Canada, and two 
in South Africa, and has carried his 
own fame round the globe. He is a 
pianist of the first rank, and is every- 
where received with unbounded enthu- 
siasm, and the three brothers form a 
remarkable accumulation of musical 
genius in one family. Mark Hambourg 
is also a composer of genius and 
originality; and in order to encou- 
rage composition in others, has pre- 
sented valuable prizes for original 
works for the piano in the form of a 
fantasia, sonata, ballade, scherzo, or 
set of variations, playing the successful 
compositions in public himself. On 
16 June, 1906, he made his thousandth 
appearance, and in the twenty-one 
years that have elapsed since he came 
definitely before the public he has 

proved himself a musician of the 
highest distinction ; m. in 1907 Doro- 
thea, daughter of Sir Kenneth Muir 
Mackenzie, G.C.B., Clerk to the House 
of Lords. Address : 27 Cumberland 
Terrace, W. Telephone : 3504 May- 
fair. Telegraphic address : " Kramloo, 
London." Clubs : Savage and Masonic. 
Agents : Ibbs & Tillett, 19 Hanover 

HANKINS, Fred. Harold, pianoforte 
teacher, organist and accompanist; 
b. 18 Feb., 1865 at Marylebone ; s. of 
Jabez and Mary HankLns, of Witney, 
Oxon ; e. privately and for music by 
Edwin Bending, Chas. Vincent, etc. 
Became a chorister, St. James's, 
Marylebone, under Rev. H. R. Haweis. 
Organist and choirmaster for twenty- 
five years of Whitefield's Tabernacle, 
but resigned to take up teaching. Was 
elected a member of Royal Society of 
Musicians and I.S.M. in 1891. In 1899 
was elected Hon. Sec. of London 
Section of I.S.M., an office he still 
holds; and is also a delegate to the 
General Council and examiner to the 
Society, and to the Intermediate 
Education Board of Ireland. Mr. 
Hankins is a professor of G.S.M., a 
member of the Savage Club, and 
Associate of Philharmonic Society. 
Married Miss Mary Snowdon, of Nor- 
wich. Hobbies : Swimming and 
mountaineering. Address : 26 Gold- 
hurst Terrace, South Hampstead, 

HARRISS, Charles Albert Edwin, 

composer and conductor ; b. London, 
15 Dec., 1862 ; s. of Edwin Harriss, 
at one time organist of St. Mark's, 
Wrexham. He sang in St. Mark's choir 
at the age of seven, and received in- 
struction in the organ from his father. 
At the age of thirteen he was elected 
Ouseley Scholar at St. Michael's Col- 
lege, Tenbury. Was assistant organist 
at St. Giles's parish church, Reading, 
1880, and in 1881 he was appointed 
to the parish church, Welshpool, and 
private organist to the Earl of Powis. 
In 1883 he settled with his father in 
Canada, and since then has been the 
principal musical force in the Dominion. 
He was appointed organist and choir- 
master of Christ Church Cathedral, 





Montreal, and afterwards of the 
church of St. James the Apostle, which 
under his control became famous 
throughout Canada for its musical 
services. His musical energies dis- 
played themselves in the establishment 
of a glee and madrigal society, and he 
was afterwards conductor of the 
Montreal Philharmonic Society, which 
in 1890 produced his cantata, " David 
Before the King." He also wrote an 
opera, " Torquil," which was success- 
fully produced at the Montreal Opera 
House in 1896. As conductor of the 
leading musical society of Montreal 
he organised a number of choral and 
orchestral concerts of a high order 
of excellence, producing ancient and 
modern masterpieces. In 1905 he 
organised a choral festival in the 
principal cities of Canada, Sir Alexan- 
der Mackenzie's services as conductor 
being specially secured, the result 
being a great financial and artistic 
success. In 1906 he revisited England, 
in order to make arrangements for 
leading British musicians to visit 
Canada, and during his stay in London 
organised a splendid concert at the 
Queen's Hall, representative of all 
that is best in the music of Great Bri- 
tain and its colonies, Sir Edward 
Elgar, Sir Hubert Parry, Sir Charles 
Vifiiers Stanford, Sir Alexander Mac- 
kenzie, and Sir Frederick H. Cowen 
consenting to conduct their own com- 
positions, while Dr. Harriss conducted 
his own choral idyll, " Pan," which 
met with a splendid reception from an 
audience which included His Majesty 
the King, the Princess Louise (whose 
connection with Canada as wife of a 
former Governor-General will be re- 
membered), and Lord Strathcona, 
High Commissioner for the Dominion. 
In recognition of his services to music, 
the McGill University has conferred on 
him the degree of Mus. Doc., honoris 
causa. Address : Montreal, Canada. 

HARBISON, Beatrice, 'cellist; b. 
Roorkee, N.W. Provinces of India; 
d. of Col. J. H. C. Harrison (late), 
R.E. Brought to England when 2 
years old; at ten years of age won 
Senior gold medal of Associated Board 
against 4,000 competitors; at eleven 
became an exhibitioner at R.C.M. ; 

and at thirteen a scholar there, under 
W. E, Whitehouse. Then studied with 
Hugo Becker and at Hochschule, 
Berlin. In 1910 won the Felix Men- 
delssohn prize, being the first 'cellist 
and the youngest student to do so. 
Made her debut as a soloist at Bechstein 
Saal, Berlin. Has since achieved a 
European reputation. Plays on a 
Guarnerius, presented to her by an 
American lady, who paid 2,000 guineas 
for it. Is a sister of May Harrison, 
violinist (q.v.). Address : 51 Cornwall 
Gardens, S.W. Telephone : 4867 

HARBISON, May, violinist; b. 
Roorkee, N.W. Provinces, India ; d. 
of Col. J. H. C. Harrison (late), R.E. 
At ten years of age won gold medal of 
Associated Board over 3,000 compe- 
titors. Awarded an Exhibition at 
R.C.M., and became a scholar there, 
studying for five years under Arbos 
and Rivarde, and finally under Leopold 
Auer at St. Petersburg. Made her 
debut at old St. James's Hall when 
thirteen years old ; at fifteen was 
engaged to play with Madrid Sym- 
phony Orchestra under Sefior Arbos. 
At eighteen she took Kreisler's place 
at a Mendelssohn Festival at Helsing- 
fors, and at nineteen played with the 
Berlin Philharmonic in the Beethoven 
Saal. She and her sister are now 
recognised as virtuosi of the first rank, 
and have played in all the principal 
cities of Europe. Address : 51 Corn- 
wall Gardens, S.W. Telephone : 4867 

HARBISON, Perey, impresario and 
concert director ; b. Buckingham, and 
son of the late Alderman Harrison, 
J.P., of that town. In 1870 he entered 
into partnership with his uncle, Mr. 
Thos. Harrison, of Birmingham, and 
inaugurated the series of subscription 
concerts in the provinces and London, 
which he has continued ever since. 
For many years his name has been 
associated with that of Adelina Patti 
as her entrepreneur and impresario. 
In 1887 he engaged her for a concert 
tour which proved a veritable trium- 
phal march through the provinces, and 
which has been since repeated many 
times, in addition to which he has been 





responsible for all the concerts in 
London at which the diva has appeared 
for many years past. In 1890 Mr. 
Harrison was elected president of the 
Birmingham Musical Society, a body 
which has been in existence for nearly 
seventy years. Now that Madame 
Patti has retired from the concert 
platform, Mr. Harrison has become sole 
impresario and manager for provincial 
concerts of her successor, Madame 
Tetrazzini. Mr. Harrison has, needless 
to say, at one time or another engaged 
nearly every front-rank artist of 
modern times, vocal and instrumental, 
as also many of the finest orchestral 
conductors of the day for his innu- 
merable concerts. Address : Buck- 
ingham Chambers, 39 Bennett's Hill, 
Birmingham. Telephone : 5242 Bir- 
mingham Central. 

HARTVIGSON, Fritz, pianist and 
teacher ; b. Grenaae, Denmark, 1841 ; 
unmarried ; e. Copenhagen and Berlin ; 
studied piano-playing, etc., with Niels 
W. Gade and Anton Ree in Copen- 
hagen, and with Dr. Hans von Billow 
in Berlin ; toured in Denmark, Ger- 
many, and Sweden ; and has appeared 
at the Crystal Palace Saturday Con- 
certs, the Philharmonic Society, the 
Richter and Henschel Orchestral Con- 
certs in London ; lived in London, 
(1864-72), in Russia (1872-75), in 
London, 1875 till recently. Is a Hon. 
R.A.M. ; Professor R.C.M. and Royal 
Normal College for the Blind until 
1911, when he resigned to live abroad. 
Knight of Dannebrog and Danne- 
brogsmand ; pianist to H.M. Queen 
Alexandra. Recreations : Pistol-shoot- 
ing, dancing, mountaineering, collects 
old Japanese colour-prints and old 
Nankin porcelain. Address : Copen- 

HARTY, Hamilton, pianist, com- 
poser, and conductor ; b. Hillsborough, 
co. Down, 17 Dec., 1880, member of a 
well-known Irish family ; m. 1904 
Agnes Nicholls, the distinguished vocal- 
ist ; is one of our best known and most 
skilful accompanists ; and also a rising 
composer ; has conducted London 
Symphony and other leading orches- 
tras. Address : 10 Grove End Road, 
St. John's Wood, N.W. Agent: 

Concert direction E. L. Robinson, 
7 Wigmore Street, W. Telephone : 
3245 Mayfair. 

HARWOOD, Basil; b. 11 April, 
1859 ; s. of Edward Harwood, J.P., of 
Woodhouse, Olveston, Gloucestershire ; 
e. Charterhouse, Trinity College, Ox- 
ford ; organist at St. Barnabas, 
Pimlico. 1883-7 ; Ely Cathedral, 1887- 
92 ; Christ Church, Oxford, since 
1892 ; m. Mabel Ada, d. of late George 
Jennings of Ferndale, Clapham, and 
Parkstone, Dorset. Examiner for 
musical degrees, Oxford University, 
1900-1, 1904-5. Publications include 
church services and anthems, and a 
setting of psalm, " Inclina Domine," 
for the Gloucester Festival, 1898. 
Address : Christ Church, Oxford. 

HAST, Harry Gregory, tenor; 6. 
London ; nt. and has one son ; has 
sung at the principal festivals in the 
kingdom including the Worcester, 
Hereford and others, and at most of 
the leading concerts, such as the 
Philharmonic, Richter, Albert Hall, 
Saturday Pops., Queen's Hall, London 
Ballad Concerts, Chappell's Ballad, 
etc. Has made two extensive tours 
through America and Canada, and has 
also toured through the principal cities 
on the Continent, and given his own 
recitals in London and the provinces. 
Was formerly well known as one of 
the founders of the Meistersingers 
quartet ; is also one of the professors 
of singing at the G.S.M., and a director 
of the Mayfair School of Music ; he 
retired from the public platform in 
May, 1912 . His favourite recreations 
are golf and billiards. Address : 461 
Oxford Street. Telegraphic address : 
" Mayfaskool, London." Telephone : 
5575 Mayfair. 

HATCHARD, Caroline, operatic and 
concert soprano ; b. Portsmouth ; 
studied at R.A.M. under Mme. Agnes 
Larkcom. Won the Melba and Rutson 
Memorial Prizes and gained Campbell 
Clarke Scholarship. In 1904 appeared 
at Chappell Ballad Concerts, and in 
1907 made her debut at Royal Opera, 
Covent Garden, where she sang in the 
first English performance of "The 
Ring " ; she was chosen to sing in 
the gala performance at Covent 





Garden, given by his late Majesty, 
King Edward VII, in honour of Presi- 
dent Fallieres, 1908; created the 
principal soprano part of Madame 
Hertz in the reproduction of Mozart's 
" Impresario " at His Majesty's The- 
atre, 1911, and Countess Lydia in 
"Baron Trenck" (Whitney Theatre, 
1912). Address: 14 Rotherwick Road, 
Golder's Green, N.W. 

HAWLET, Stanley, composer, editor, 
and examiner ; b. Ilkeston, Derbyshire, 
17 May, 1867; s. of Edwin Flint 
Hawley and Elizabeth Stanley ; e. at 
Derby School (Rowland Scholar) ; 
studied at R.A.M., 1884-92; first 
appeared St. James's Hall, 1887, 
playing Grieg's Pianoforte Concerto ; 
toured with Patti in 1906 ; has been 
accompanist at principal London con- 
certs ; appeared before Queen Victoria 
as solo pianist at Osborne House, 1890 ; 
composed music to E. A. Poe's " The 
Bells," 1894; "The Raven," 1896; 
" Elizabethan Love Lyrics," 1903 ; 
Hood's " Song of the Shirt," 1906. Is 
F.R.A.M., Member and Director of 
Philharmonic Society, I.S.M., Royal 
Society of Musicians, and Society of 
British Composers ; Examiner for 
Associated Board of R.C.M. and 
R.A.M. ; a Liveryman and First 
Medallist of the Worshipful Company 
of Musicians. Recreation : Historical 
biography. Address : Oxford Man- 
sion, W. Club : Royal Automobile. 
Telephone : 4904 Gerrard. Telegraphic 
address : " Swingtrees, London." 

HEATH, Loole, pianist; b. Black- 
burn, Lancashire ; d. of the Rev. 
Edwin Heath and his wife Celia, 
daughter of William Hawkins, of Liver- 
pool ; e. at Edinburgh and High 
School, Dundee; prepared for the 
musical profession at the Leipzig 
Conservatoriuni and the R.C.M., Lon- 
don; Head Music Mistress of the 
High School, Middlesboro', from 1891 
to 1894 ; was appointed Local Scholar- 
ship Examiner to the R.C.M., London, 
and was correspondent to the Musical 
Times from 1894 to 1897; engaged 
in concert work and teaching in South 
Africa, 1897 to 1900 ; has frequently 
played at important concerts in London 
and the provinces. Club : Sesame. 

Agent : Concert direction Ethel 
Robinson, 7 Wigmore Street, W. 
Address: 35 Nevern Place, S.W. ; 
and Broughty Ferry, Dundee. 

HEDGCOCK, Walter W., organist 
and composer ; b. in Brighton ; re- 
ceived early musical training as choir- 
boy under Dr. King at St. Michael 
and All Angels ; at fourteen became 
organist of Patcham Church, near 
Brighton. In 1879 came to London, 
and was appointed organist St. Agnes, 
Kennington, remaining there for 
twenty-five years, until he went to 
All Saints', Upper Norwood. In 1903 
succeeded Sir August Manns as musical 
director at Crystal Palace, of which 
he had been organist since 1894. 
Conductor of Crystal Palace Amateur 
Orchestral and Choral Societies, and 
Professor of Organ at G.S.M. Has 
written many popular songs, notably 
" Drake's Drum," " Mandalay," 
"When Bright Eyes Glance," etc. 
Address : 81 Thornton Avenue, Streat- 
ham Hill, S.W. ; and Crystal Palace. 

HEDMONDT, E. C., operatic tenor; 
b. Maine, U.S.A., 24 Oct., 1857; 
e. Montreal and Jena ; abandoned a 
commercial career in order to go to 
Leipzig to study music and singing ; 
there he was for some years a leading 
tenor at Opera House; also sang at 
the Royal Opera at Berlin and at 
Bayreuth Festival, 1888 ; manager 
and director of English Opera at Covent 
Garden, 1895; sang leading rdle in 
"The Scarlet Feather" at Shaftes- 
bury, 1897, and in the operatic version 
of " Rip van Winkle," by Raymond 
Roze, at Her Majesty's in same year ; 
since then has sung with Carl Rosa 
Company in English opera. Recrea- 
tions : Riding, cycling, sailing and 
collecting curios. Address : 39 
Jermyn Street, S.W. 

HEGEDUS,Ferenez, violinist; b. Feb. 
26, 1881, at Funfkirchen, in Hungary ; 
his father, a 'cellist, is Hungarian; 
his mother Spanish. He could play the 
instrument at four years old, and com- 
menced serious study at the age of 
eight, when he entered the Funf- 
kirchen Academy. In spite of preco- 
cious development, he was not ex- 
ploited as an "infant prodigy." At 





the age of thirteen he was admitted, 
by favour of the late Archduke Josef 
of Austria, to the Conservatorium at 
Buda-Pesth, passing later into the 
Royal Hungarian Academy of Music, 
where he rose rapidly to the head, and 
obtained, at the early age of eighteen 
the Special Diploma. On leaving the 
Royal Academy he held the post of 
conductor at the Lustspiel-Theater in 
Buda-Pesth for a year. In 1900 Hege- 
diis first visited England and London, 
where, as in Berlin, Vienna, Leipzig, 
Dresden, Munich, Hamburg, Hanover, 
Brunswick, Paris, Brussels, and many 
other continental towns, his appear- 
ances have established him in the 
front rank of living violinists. Amongst 
his appearances may be mentioned 
engagements with Dr. Richter, and 
the Halle and London Symphony 
orchestras ; with the Philharmonic 
Society of Bremen, Halford Orchestra 
of Birmingham, and other societies; 
three series of subscription concerts, 
in London and Munich, during which 
he gave the entire cycle of Beethoven's 
ten sonatas for violin and piano, as 
well as numerous works by modern 
composers ; engagements in chamber- 
music concerts, and solo recitals of 
varied character, both in England and 
on the Continent ; and an orchestral 
concert in Queen's Hall on 20 May, 
1908, under the conductorship of 
Herr Arthur NiMsch. 

HEL WIG, Fred, baritone ; 6. Mainz, 
Germany, 1885 ; trained by von Zur 
Mochlen and de Reszke. Has made 
his debut at a recital in Dresden, and 
in London, 1912. 

HENKEL, Lily, pianist ; ^Notting- 
ham ; d. of Alderman Edward Gold- 
schmidt; e. at Nottingham; m. 
Victor Henkel; commenced her mu- 
sical studies in England ; was after- 
wards under Profs. Ordenstein and 
Reuss in Karlsruhe ; finally for two 
years with Madame Schumann in 
Frankfort ; first appeared at Notting- 
ham with the Orchestral Society. 
Her engagements include the Notting- 
ham Orchestral and Philharmonic 
Drawing Room Concerts (with Sara- 
sate) ; Strolling Players ; Promenade 
Concerts, Queen's Hall, 1904 ; Berlin, 

Munich (on two occasions before the 
Court), Leipzig (with Bohemian String 
Quartet), Hamburg, Karlsruhe, Dres- 
den, Brussels, Paris, etc., and tours in 
Great Britain, Germany, and Holland ; 
she has also frequently appeared at 
Queen's Hall and St. James's Hall 
Concerts ; she has made a speciality 
of chamber music, and in 1910 suc- 
cessfully inaugurated the Henkel quar- 
tet for piano and strings. Recreation: 
Travelling. Is fond of literary pursuits, 
and has translated two books from the 
German, as well as a number of Hugo 
Wolf's songs, published by Peters. 
Address : 72 Hamilton Terrace, N.W. 
Telephone: 1925 P.O., Hampstead. 
Agents : Concert direction E. L. 
Robinson and others. 

HENSCHEL, Georg, singer, pianist, 
teacher, conductor and composer ; 
6. Breslau, 18 Feb., 1850 ; of Polish 
descent on father's side; is himself 
a naturalised Englishman since 1890 ; 
m. Lillian June Bailey, a well-known 
singer, 1881, and with her gave concert 
recitals all over England, in America, 
and on the Continent; she died in 
1901, thus ending an ideal artistic 
and domestic partnership ; e. at 
St. Magdalene's College, Breslau, and 
at the Conservatoire of Music, Leipzig ; 
first appeared in public as a pianist in 
1862, playing Weber's Piano Concerto ; 
made his debut as a baritone singer at 
Leipzig in I860, but did not come to 
England until eleven years later, when 
he had acquired a great reputation in 
Germany as a singer of lieder; he 
met with an enthusiastic reception in 
1877 at the Monday Popular and other 
concerts, and the following year, 1878, 
he settled in England; from 1881-4 
he was conductor of the Boston Sym- 
phony Concerts, then returned to 
London, where, in 1885, he founded 
the London Symphony Concerts, which 
he conducted for eleven years ; he was 
also the first conductor of the Scottish 
Symphony Orchestra; for two years 
was a Professor of Singing at the R.C.M. 
in succession to Madame Jenny Lind- 
Goldschmidt. He from time to time 
toured in England and America, until 
his wife's lamented death, after which 
he went into retirement for eight years, 
residing in the north of Scotland. He 





has composed, produced, and pub- 
lished a very large quantity of songs 
and much chamber music, and the 
incidental music to the revival of 
" Hamlet " by Sir H. Beerbohm (then 
Mr.) Tree at the Haymarket in 1891 ; 
also a " Requiem Mass," " Stabat 
Mater," " Te Deum," and a grand 
opera, " Nubia," first performed in 
Dresden in 1899. Is a great exponent 
of the songs of Brahms, with whom 
he was well acquainted, and concern- 
ing whom he has written personal 
recollections. He married en secondes 
noces Miss Amy Louis, an American 
lady, in 1907, and in 1909 returned to 
public life, teaching singing and con- 
ducting. He has recently been ap- 
pointed conductor of the Handel 
Society of London. Address : 13 
Portman Street, Portman Square, W. ; 
and AUt-nacriche, Aviemore, Inver- 
nessshire, N.B. 

HENSEL, Heinrich, operatic tenor ; 
b. Neustadt, 1875 ; s. of a manu- 
facturer, and started on a business 
career ; abandoned this, and made 
his debut at Stadt Theatre, Freibourg. 
Has sung also at Wiesbaden and at 
Bayreuth (as Loge, a part he studied 
with Siegfried Wagner) ; was engaged 
to sing at Royal Opera, Covent Garden, 
in Humperdinck's new opera, " Konigs- 
kinder," in 1911 ; and has since ap- 
peared at Metropolitan Opera House, 
New York. Has sung many Wagnerian 
rdles, viz., Loge, Siegmund, the two 
Siegfrieds, Lohengrin, and Tannhauser. 
Is re-engaged for Bayreuth ; is known 
as an artistic designer of his own 

BENSON, Medora, soprano; d. 
Virginia, U.S.A. ; studied with Hen- 
schel and George Sweet in America, 
and Randegger in London. Made her 
debut as Rowena in Sullivan's " Ivan- 
hoe " at the Royal English Opera in 
1891. Since then sung principally in 
oratorio Royal Choral Society, Bach 
Festival; created soprano part in 
Elgar's "Caractacus" at Leeds, 
Gloucester and Sheffield Festivals, etc. 
In 1898 went on tour in England with 
Grieg, singing his songs. Is now prin- 
cipally engaged in teaching ; is pro- 
fessor at R.C.M., G.S.M., and teaches 

privately. She is the wife of Mr. 
Waddington Cooke (q.v.). Address : 
Bedford Court Mansions. Telephone 
No. : 10585 Central. 

HERVEY, Arthur, composer and 
musical critic ; b. Paris, 26 Jan., 1855, 
his father being the late Charles 
Hervey, Esq., of Killiane Castle, co. 
Wexford, Ireland, and his mother, the 
daughter of the late T. R. Kemp, M.P. 
for Lewes ; e. at the Oratory School, 
Edgbaston ; studied music under the 
late Berthold Tours (harmony) and the 
late Edouard Marlois (instrumentation) 
Mr. Hervey was music critic of Vanity 
Fair, 1889-92, and was from 1892- 
1908 on the staff of the Morning Post. 
He married Mrs. Webster, the widow 
of the late Mr. J. H. Webster and a 
daughter of Sir Edm. Harrison, in 
1893. Besides his journalistic work he 
is the author of "Masters of French 
Music" (1894), "French Music in the 
Nineteenth Century" (1903), "Alfred 
Bruneau " (1907), " Franz Liszt and 
His Music } ' (1911), "Meyerbeer" 
(1913), and of various contributions 
to the supplement of the " Encyclo- 
paedia Britannica." Principal com- 
positions : Orchestral, Dramatic Over- 
ture (1890) ; " Two Tone Pictures " 
(Cardiff Festival, 1902); "Youth," 
overture (Norwich Festival, 1902) ; 
"The Gates of Night," voice and 
orchestra (Gloucester Festival, 1901) ; 
" In the East," tone poem (Cardiff 
Festival, 1904) ; prelude, " lone " 
(Philharmonic Society, 1907) ; " Sum- 
mer," tone-poem (Cardiff, 1907) ; "Life 
Moods," symphonic variations (Brigh- 
ton Festival, 1910) ; " The Fairy's 
Post-box," opera (Court Theatre, 1885) ; 
a large number of songs, including 
three albums of German lieder, and 
many to English, French, and Italian 
words ; also much music for piano, 
violin, and 'cello. Address : 1 
Norfolk Crescent, Hyde Park, W. 
Club : St. James's. Telephone : 6389 

HESS, Willy, violinist ; b. 14 July, 
1859, at Mannheim, Germany; 5. of 
Julius Hess and his wife (nee Lina 
Rose). Mr. Hess, senior, was a violinist, 
and other members of the family are 
musically gifted. His early training was 





received from his father, and he after- 
wards studied under Joachim at Berlin. 
He made his public d6but in New York 
as a boy of eleven (1870). From 
1878-86 he was leader of opera orches- 
tra and Museum Concerts at Frankfort. 
From 1886-8 he fulfilled similar func- 
tions, besides a professorship at 
Rotterdam. In 1888 he came to 
England as leader of the HallS Orches- 
tra at Manchester and the Liverpool 
Philharmonic Society. From 1895-1903 
he was a professor at the Cologne 
Conservatory, and leader of the 
Gurzenich Quartet. In the latter year 
he once more returned to England as 
professor of the violin at the R.A.M., 
where he remained only a year, as in 
1904 he was appointed leader of the 
well-known Boston Symphony Or- 
chestra, and there he has since re- 
mained. He has also helped to form a 
string quartet (now known as the 
Hess-Schroeder Quartet), and is 
besides a successful teacher. Mr. Hess 
played before Queen Victoria at 
Buckingham Palace in May, 1894, and 
again at Osborne in the same year. 
In 1899 he received from the Grand 
Duke of Luxembourg the Ritter kruez 
des Adolfsoren, and he has also re- 
ceived a Prussian decoration. He is an 
Hon. R.A.M. He married Miss Addie 
Traut in 1885. Address: 2 New- 
bury street, Boston, Mass., U.S.A. 
Agent: Henry Wolfsohn, 131 East 
Seventeenth Street, New York. 

HEUBERGER, Richard, composer; 
b. Graz on 18 June, 1850; studied 
engineering and theory of music at 
the Technical High School at Graz 
(Styria), under Buwa, Hoppe, and 
Dr. Mayer (W. A. Remy) ; practised 
for a short time as a civil engineer, 
and went to Vienna in 1876 to devote 
himself entirely to music ; became 
chorus-master of the Academical Sing- 
ing Society and conductor of the 
Academy of Song (1878-80). Com- 
posed many songs and chorus pieces, 
with and without orchestral parts, 
also " Nacht Musik," Variations about 
Schubert's " Deutsche Tauze," Over- 
ture to Byron's " Kain," and other 
orchestral compositions, also " Lau- 
tenschlagern " a (" ballette "), " Stru- 
welpeter," opera (" Abenteuer einer 

Neujahrsnacht ") and an operetta 
(" Opernball "), etc. Acted as musical 
critic to several leading papers. Ad- 
dress : Vienna I. Hegeigasse 17. 

HEYHAN, Katherine Ruth, pianist ; 
b. at Sacramento, California. Studied 
with Robt. Tolmie, San Francisco; 
H. Barth, Berlin ; and others. Soloist : 
Boston Symphony Orchestra, London 
Philharmonic Society, Berlin Phil- 
harmonic, etc. Agents : Michell & 
Ashbrooke, 18-19 Piccadilly Mansions, 

HEYNER, Herbert, baritone; b. 
26 June, 1882, in London ; s. of 
Augustus Otto and Caroline Heyner ; 
e. at Clifton and prepared for musical 
profession by Fredk. King and coached 
in operatic rdles by Victor Maurel. 
Made his debut as a choir boy, aged 
ten, at St. Botolph's Church, E.G., in 
1892. As a young man his first impor- 
tant appearance was at Queen's Hall 
in 1907. Has since sung at London 
Musical Festival and Norwich Festival, 
Queen's Hall Symphony Concerts 
1911, The Chappell Ballad Concerts, 
Queen's Hall Promenade, Crystal 
Palace, Albert Hall, etc., and at the 
chief provincial musical centres. Was 
engaged for Brighton and Birmingham 
Festivals, 1912. Is well known as 
singer of German lieder in both Eng- 
land and Germany. Fond of golf, 
shooting, and all outdoor pursuits. 
Address : Heath View House, Black- 
heath, S.E. Telephone : Lee Green, 

H3LF, Arno, violinist and first violin 
professor of the Royal Conservatoire, 
Leipzig; b. Elster, 14 Mar., 1858; 
s. of Adam Hilf, leading violinist, and 
his wife Luise ; e. at Elster ; w. 
Helene Buck, 19 May, 1891 ; was 
prepared for the musical profession 
under Ferdinand David, at the Con- 
servatoire Leipzig ; first appeared as 
a violinist at the Erfurt Festival, 1875 ; 
subsequently engaged at Moscow, as 
first violin professor at the Imperial 
Conservatoire, under Rubinstein, and 
during that engagement toured through 
the whole of Russia, He was successful 
at concerts given by him at Berlin, 
Leipzig, Hanover, Dresden, Geneva, 





Hungary, and all over Germany. 
The title of professor was conferred 
upon him by the King of Saxony, and 
he is the possessor of many decorations. 
A ddress : 14 Schreberstrasse, Leipzig. 

HINTON, Arthur, composer; b. 
Beckenham, Kent, 1869; was educa- 
ted at Shrewsbury School, and des- 
tined for a commercial career ; this 
proving distasteful, he entered the 
R.A.M., where he studied the violin 
under the late Prosper Sainton and 
Sauret, and composition under F. W. 
Davenport. After remaining at the 
Academy for three years he was ap- 
pointed a sub-professor, a position 
which he occupied for another three 
years, during which time he frequently 
played at important concerts in Lon- 
don and the provinces. Desirous of 
further study he went to Munich and 
placed himself under Prof. Rhein- 
berger, and here he wrote his first 
important work, a symphony which 
was played under his own direction 
at the Munich Conservatoire. He 
next proceeded to Vienna, and later 
to Rome, where he worked upon an 
opera, " Tamara," which has not yet 
been produced. Remaining in Italy 
he spent a summer at Albano, and 
wrote a fantasia, " The Triumph of 
Caesar/' first played at the Queen's 
Hall, 1906; among his compositions 
are a symphony in B flat and another 
in C minor ; a suite in D, for violin 
and piano, played at Broadwood's 
Concerts ; a trio in D minor, produced 
at the Bechstein Hall, 1903, at his 
own concert, and which has since been 
played in the provinces, also in 
Germany at Dusseldorf and Cologne, 
and at Miss Nettie Carpenter's concert, 
Dec., 1906 ; a concerto in D minor 
for piano and orchestra, first played 
at the Queen's Hall, 1 Nov., 1905, the 
solo part being taken by Miss Kather- 
ine Goodson, the eminent pianist, to 
whom the composer is married ; 
quintet in G minor for piano and 
strings, produced at the Wessely 
Quartet Concerts, Nov., 1910 ; a 
dramatic romance, " Porphyria's 
Lover," founded on Browning's poem ; 
dramatic scena from Shelley's " Epip- 
sychidion," for tenor solo and orches- 
tra, produced at Bournemouth, Nov., 

1905, and repeated with much success 
at the Bechstein Sunday Orchestral 
Concerts; "Chant des Vagues" for 
violoncello and orchestra; a violin 
sonata, played by M. Sauret, and nu- 
merous piano pieces and songs which 
have been sung by Mr. Plunket Greene, 
Mr. Denis O'Sullivan, and many other 
well-known artistes. Visited Australia 
twice, also Canada and Jamaica, as 
Examiner for the Associated Board of 
R.A.M. and R.C.M. Address : 14 St. 
John's Wood Road, N.W. 

HO ARE, T, J., pianist and teacher of 
singing ; b. Harrow, and educated by 
John Farmer for piano, and afterwards 
studied under Herr Ernst Pauer and 
other masters for violin and composi- 
tion. Made his debut at Clifton in 1875 
as a pianist, but afterwards decided to 
take up singing, and became a pupil 
of Georg Henschel, and later of Mr. 
William Shakespeare; gave a series 
of concerts at Lincoln, and married 
Miss K. M. Barrett, a daughter of 
Canon Barrett of that town. Appointed 
professor at the G.S.M., 1906. Address : 
43 Powis Square, Bayswater, W. 

HOBDAY, Claude, double-bass 
player and teacher ; 6. Faversham, 
Kent, 12 May, 1872 ; won a scholarship 
at the R.C.M. and studied there from 
1888-92 ; he is now professor of 
double bass at the R.C.M., and is a 
member of many well-known orches- 
tras, being principal double bass of the 
Beecham Symphony Orchestra. Ad- 
dress : 27 Rylett Road, Goldhawk 
Road, W. 

HOCHSTEIN, David, violinist ; b. in 
Rochester, New York, and studied in 
New York City for some time ; then 
went to Vienna and studied under 
Sevcik one year before entering 
Meisterschule. In 1911 was awarded 
Government prize of 800 kronen, the 
most important violin prize in the 
School, as well as a prize violin ; 
visited London with Prof. Sevcik 
ha 1911. 

HOFBAUER, Rudolf, operatic bari- 
tone; began in theatrical profession, 
then studied singing under Prof. 
Sattier in Vienna. Appeared first in 





operetta at the Carl Theater and later 
joined the Volksoper, Was then 
engaged at the Hofoper, Vienna. His 
repertoire includes the Spielmann in 
" Konigskinder," " Wolfram," the 
" Flying Dutchman," etc. Appeared 
at Covent Garden, Opera House, 1911. 

HOLBROOKE, Josef, composer, con- 
ductor, and pianist ; 6. Croydon, 
5 July, 1878; s. of Joseph C. Hol- 
brooke, musician, by his wife Alice 
Scotland, soprano vocalist; e. pri- 
vately; m. Dorothy Hadfield, of 
Morthen, Yorks, 1903 ; prepared for 
the musical profession by his father, 
and later at the R.A.M., London, 
where he gained the Potter Exhibition, 
Lucas Prize, and other distinctions ; 
first appeared at the St. James's Hall, 
June, 1896, as solo pianist; pianist 
for Arthur Lloyd on tour (1898), 
pantomime conductor (1899), con- 
ductor at Woodhall Spa Orchestra 
(1900) ; has since appeared at leading 
concerts in London, including his own 
recitals, Belgium and Berlin, also the 
Leeds, Norwich, Bristol, Blackpool, 
Hereford and Birmingham Festivals. 
His compositions include " The Ra- 
ven" (Crystal Palace, 1901), "The 
Viking," "Ulalume" (Queen's Hall, 
1904), "Byron Ode" (Leeds, 1904), 
"Masque of the Red Death," "The 
Bells" (Birmingham, 1906), "Choral 
Symphony " (Leeds, 1908), " Heaven 
and Earth," " Variations on ' Auld 
Lang Syne/ " '* Three Blind Mice," 
"The Girl I Left Behind Me" 
(Belgium, 1905), "Pierrot and Pier- 
rette" (opera, His Majesty's, 1909), 
and many pieces of chamber music 
for all combinations of instruments. 
His latest production was a grand 
opera, " The Children of Don," to a 
libretto by Lord Howard de Walden, 
produced by Mr. Hammerstein at 
London Opera House, 1912. His 
favourite professional occupation is 
composing operas, and his recreations 
are cycling and conversation. Address : 
86 Newman Street, W. Agent : E. L. 
Robinson, 7 Wigmore Street, W. 

HOLLANDER, Benoit, violinist and 
composer ; b. Amsterdam, Holland, in 
1853 ; e. at the Paris Conservatoire, 
where he obtained the first prize in 

1873, having studied under L. Massart 
for violin, Savard for harmony and 
counterpoint, and Saint-Saens for 
composition. Made his first public 
appearance at Lille in France; has 
travelled all over Europe with Stra- 
kosch, played at the " Pops " in Lon- 
don, and has since been a professor 
of the violin at the G.S.M. Mr. 
Hollander married an English lady in 
1890, who died in 1912. Address : 
23 Westwell Road, Streatham Com- 
mon, S.W. 

HOLLMAN, Joseph, violoncellist ; 
b. Maastricht, Holland, 1852; s. of 
Charles Hollman, Burgomaster of 
Maastrecht, and his wife Elise Rutten ; 
e. at Brussels and the Paris Conserva- 
toire; made his first appearance as 
a soloist at The Hague, before the 
late King William III. Is one of 
the leading 'cellists of the day, and 
possesses superb tone and technique ; 
has fulfilled engagements all over 
Europe, in the United States, and, of 
course, in Great Britain, is most highly 
esteemed in the art world of London. 
Is the composer of a great many 'cello 
pieces, some with orchestra, some with 
piano, and several songs with 'cello 
obligate. He appeared several times 
before the late Queen Victoria, and also 
before King Edward and Queen Alex- 
andra, who presented him with the 
gold medal for music, art, and sciences 
in July, 1906. He possesses orders pre- 
sented to him by several foreign rulers, 
including the Legion d'Honneur, Om- 
cier de la Couronne, de Chdne (Hol- 
land), Officier Orange Nassau (Holland) 
Concepcion (Portugal), Crown Order 
(Mecklenburgh), and order of Saxe- 
Coburg (Germany). Agents : Ibbs & 
Tillett, 19 Hanover Square, W. Ad- 
dress ; 30 Rue de Lubeck, Paris. 

HOLMES, George Augustus; b. 

Peckham, 10 May, 1861 ; e. privately. 
Took part hi music (organ recitals) at 
Fisheries Exhibition, 1883, and Inven- 
tions Exhibition, 1885 ; Director of 
Examinations of the L.C.M. from 
1887; founder of the L.C.M. scheme 
of Local Examinations in Music now 
used throughout the British Isles and 
Colonies ; organist, St. George's, Cam- 
berwell, 1880-1903; composer of a 





large number of pianoforte works, 
including " Tarantelle Brilliant," " Ta- 
rentelle Chromatique," six Melodious 
Studies, Miniature Recreations, six 
Characteristic Duets, etc., and numer- 
ous songs, duets, trios, and quartets ; 
also author of " The Academic Manual 
of the Rudiments of Music," and 
" Three Hundred Questions and Exer- 
cises " ; joint-author (with Dr. F. J. 
Kara) of "The Academic Manual of 
Musical History," 1899 ; and a large 
number of technical and other works. 
Recreations : Golf, cycling, horticul- 
ture, the study of the old masters of 
music, and the collecting of their 
works. Address : Auckland House, 
Linden Grove, Peckham Rye, S.E. ; 
Breeze Holm, Broadstairs, Kent ; and 
L.C.M., Great Marlborough Street, W. 
Club: Royal Temple Yacht, Rams- 
gate. Telephone : 1660 New Cross. 

HONEY, Gladys, soprano ; d. of the 
late Mr. Frederick H. Honey, solicitor, 
of Blackheath. Miss Honey started 
music under Sir Charles Stanford, 
and won an open scholarship at the 
R.C.M. ; made her debut as a singer 
a year or two back at the Leeds 
Musical Festival, when, at a few 
hours' notice, she took the place 
of Mme. Agnes Nicholls (who was 
unable to appear owing to indisposi- 
tion) in Dr. Stanford's " Stabat 
Mater " ; sang at the concert at 
the Crystal Palace on Good Friday, 
1911, and also for the Bach Choir 
in Cesar Franck's " Beatitudes " 
at the Queen's Hall a short time back, 
while last season she appeared at the 
Savoy Theatre in Mme. Marie Brema's 
production of " Orpheus." Is engaged 
to be married to Lieutenant Basil 
Reinold, R.N., of H.M.S. Hercules. 
Address : c/o Imperial Concert Agency, 
524 Birkbeck Bank Chambers, E.C. 

HOOK, Ethel, b. at Bristol ; d. Capt. 
Henry Albert Butt, and studied with 
Mr. D. Rootham in Bristol, at the 
R.C.M. under Hy. Blower, and with 
Mons. V. Maurel, after which she and 
her sister Pauline went on tour with 
their elder sister, Mdme. Clara Butt, 
for three years. In 1908 she gave a 
recital as soloist at Bechstein Hall. 
Principal engagements include Albert 

Hall Sunday Concerts, Crystal Palace, 
Queen's Hall Promenades, and Chap- 
pell Concerts. In 1910 she married 
Mr. Hastings Wilson (tenor). Since 
their marriage they have studied in 
Paris under M. Bouhy. Address : 
26 Abercorn Place, N.W. ; and 
Hadham Mill House, Hadham, 

HOOK, Pauline, soprano; b. at 
Bristol ; d. of Capt. H. A. Butt, and 
studied with Mr. D. Rootham and at 
R.C.M. with the late Mr. Hy. Blower. 
In 1908 she visited Australia with 
her sister, Mdme. Clara Butt. 

HOPEEIBE, Helen, pianist, com- 
poser, and teacher of piano; b. 
Edinburgh, where she commenced her 
musical education ; m., 1882, William 
Wilson of Edinburgh ; her first musical 
instructors were Prof. George Lichten- 
stein, and Mr. (now Sir) A. C. Macken- 
zie of Edinburgh ; she then went to 
the Leipzig Conservatoire, and later to 
Vienna, where she studied under 
Leschetizky ; first appeared in public 
at the Gewandhaus Concerts in Leipzig 
in 1879, taking the solo part in Chopin's 
Concerto for the piano ; coming to 
England, she was engaged at the 
Crystal Palace Saturday Concerts, and 
frequently played at the Scottish 
Orchestral Concerts, and with Halle's 
Manchester Orchestra. In 1883 she 
went to America, and made her first 
appearance at the Boston Symphony 
Concerts under George Henschel, and 
at the Brooklyn Philharmonic with 
Theodore Thomas. She also played at 
the Philadelphia Festival, and at New 
York under Van der Stucken. After 
touring for two years in the United 
States, she went to Germany. Desire 
for further development decided her in 
1887 to withdraw for a time from public 
work, and place herself again under 
the guidance of Prof. Theodore Lesche- 
titzky in Vienna. During her stay in 
that city she appeared at the Vienna 
Philharmonics under Hans Richter's 
conductorship (a performance which 
she repeated at his request at the 
London Richter Concerts) ; also in 
recitals and at other concerts. In 
1890 she again went to the States for 
a six months' engagement, opening in 





Boston under Nikisch at the Symphony 
Concerts, and this engagement was 
repeated in the following year. The 
two succeeding seasons were spent in 
Paris, and were devoted chiefly to 
composition and teaching. Among her 
own compositions are a Concertstuck 
for piano and orchestra, produced 
twice by George Henschel at his 
Scottish Orchestral Concerts with 
great success ; a Concerto in D minor 
for piano and orchestra. A sonata for 
piano and violin, written while in 
Vienna, was played in Boston by 
Franz Kneisel, at one of his Quartet 
Concerts in 1890, and at the World's 
Fair in Chicago by Mdme. Bloomneld- 
Zeisier. Her home is at present in 
Boston, where she devotes part of her 
time to pianoforte teaching, and has 
a circle of enthusiastic pupils, some of 
whom are public players. Agent : 
Steinert Hall, Boston. Address : 
169 Walnut Street, Brookline, Boston, 

HOITE, William Stevenson, Mus. 
Doc. Cantaur, F.R.C.O., and Hon. 
R.A.M., organist, pianist, and com- 
poser ; b. Sidmouth, Devon, 22 Sept., 
1844 ; e. at Ottery St. Mary, Devon. 
Organist and director of the choir of All 
Saints', Margaret Street, Cavendish 
Square, from Feb., 1868, to July, 
1907 ; during Dr. Hoyte's tenure of 
this post the reputation of his choir 
advanced to and maintained a position 
equalled by few and second to no other 
in London. He still retains the position 
of honorary organist of the church, 
and can thus claim a direct connection 
extending over forty years. It is worth 
remark that Mr. Dalton Baker, the 
well-known baritone vocalist, was one 
of Dr. Hoyte's choristers as a boy. 
Dr. Hoyte was an organ professor at 
the R.A.M. and R.C.M., and a piano- 
forte professor at the G.S.M., and was 
obliged by ill-health to retire in 1910. 
His published compositions include a 
communion service for voices and 
orchestra, minuet and trio for ditto, 
anthems and services, organ and 
pianoforte pieces, songs, hymn-tunes, 
and a book of Litanies. He married 
Miss E. E. Hutchinson in 1896, and 
is now a widower. Address : 68 
Boundary Road, N.W. 

HUBERDEAU, Gustave, operatic 
basso ; b. and trained for music in 
Paris at National Conservatoire ; made 
his debut at Opera Comique ten years 
ago ; first appeared at Covent Garden 
in 1911, playing St. Bris in " Gli 
Ujonotti " and the King in " Aida." 

HUBERMAN, Bronislaw, violinist; 
b. near Warsaw, 1882, and appeared in 
public at seven years of age. At 
eight played before Emperor of Aus- 
tria ; at twelve met Brahms in Vienna, 
and was congratulated by him for his 
playing of the great musician's Con- 
certo. In same year he was appointed 
court violinist to Queen of Roumania. 
On the occasion of great national 
concert for Messina sufferers was 
invited by the municipality to play on 
Paganini's violin at Genoa. 

HUDSON, Eli, flautist and con- 
ductor ; b. 23 Apr., 1877, in Manches- 
ter ; s. of John Capstock Hudson and 
his wife, Emma Rennison ; e. at 
Magdalene College, Wainfieet, Lines, 
and at the R.C.M., London. Made 
his debut as solo-flautist in 1895 at the 
Imperial Institute. Has since appeared 
at Saturday Concerts, Crystal Palace, 
Royal Albert Hall, Queen's Hall, old 
St. James's Hall, and as principal 
flautist under Sir Hubert Parry, Sir 
Chas. Stanford (Cambridge and Leeds 
Festivals), Sir Henry Wood (Sheffield 
Festivals and Queen's Hall), Sir Ed. 
Elgar, Landon Ronald, London Sym- 
phony Orchestra, etc. ; was a founder 
of New Symphony Orchestra. Profes- 
sor of Flute and Piano at Royal 
Military School of Music, Kneller Hall, 
and Examiner at R.C.M. ; had the 
honour of being personally compli- 
mented by the German Emperor at 
Lowther Castle. Mr. Hudson is the 
founder of the famous and popular 
Trio known everywhere to variety 
theatre audiences as "Olga, Elgar, 
and Eli Hudson." Hobbies : Motoring 
and gardening. Clubs : Eccentric and 
Motor. Address : The Chestnuts, 
Brandenburgh Road, Gunnersbury, 
London, W. Telephone : 635 Chiswick. 

HUGHES, Gertrude, soprano; b. 
Montgomeryshire; d. of the Rev. 
Hugh Hughes and his wife Marguerite, 





a grand-daughter of Glydfardd, the late 
Archdrnid of Wales, who initiated their 
Majesties the late Kong and Queen, 
when Prince and Princess of Wales, 
into the Bardic Circle ; e. at Southport 
and London; and prepared for the 
musical profession at the R.A.M. ; 
first appeared as a soloist at the St. 
James's Hall, at an Academy Orches- 
tral Concert ; has since fulfilled en- 
gagements at Edinburgh, Glasgow, 
York, Manchester, Liverpool, Cardiff, 
Swansea, Newcastle, with leading 
Choral and Musical Societies. Has 
made several appearances at the 
Royal National Eisteddfods of Wales. 
Recreations : Cycling, walking and 
tennis. Address : 18 Douglas Road, 
Canonbury, N. 

HUGHES, Herbert, composer and 
critic; b. Belfast, 16 Mar., 1882; 
5. of Frederick Patrick Hughes and 
his wife Mary Elizabeth MacLean ; 
on the paternal side is related to two 
Irish families whose sons attained legal 
distinction in the last century ; Sir 
Hugh MacCalmont, first Earl Cairns, 
Lord Chancellor of England, and the 
Right Hon. John Wilson Croker, 
Master of the Rolls ; e. privately, he 
was for a short time under the tuition 
of Dr. Francis Koeller, conductor of 
the Belfast Philharmonic Society, and 
later entered the R.C.M. ; first ap- 
peared at ChappelTs Ballad Concerto, 
Queen's Hall, Nov., 1904, accompany- 
ing his own arrangement of the well- 
known old Irish song " The Ninepenny 
Fidil." He has composed a ballet, a 
comic opera, a cycle of baritone songs, 
incidental music to an Irish masque, 
and other works, and lias collected 
many unpublished traditional Irish 
airs from the peasantry of Ulster. 
His musical writings include articles 
in The Fortnightly Review, The Nation- 
alist and other Irish j ournals. Is one of 
the founders of the Irish Folk-Song 
Society, to whose journal he has 
occasionally contributed. He has also 
published a volume of Irish folk-songs, 
gathered in Donegal, under the title 
" Songs of Uladh." Address : Eden- 
viHe, Bangor, co. Down, Ireland. 

HUGHES, Morfa (Ethel Margaret 
Moria- Hughes), vocalist and actress ; 

b. Plymouth, '1876 ; d. of late John 
Charles Morfa-Hughes, J.P. for Aberyst- 
wyth, formerly in the Admiralty ; e. 
High School, Plymouth, and R.A.M. ; 
was a member of the Irving A.D.C. 
contemporaneously with Lilian Braith- 
waite and Dawson Milward; studied 
singing and voice production ; first 
appeared at Crystal Palace Concerts 
under August Manns, 1894 ; then sang 
at St. James's, Queen's, Albert, and 
Steinway Halls, and on important con- 
cert tours in provinces and Scotland, 
Australia, and America ; has written 
a four-act comedy and several short 
stories. Recreations : Acting, play- 
writing, and boating. Address : SA. 
Lebanon Park Mansions, Twickenham, 
W. Club : Pioneer. 

HUMMEL, Gura, soprano; studied 
at the Cologne Conservatoire. First 
engaged at the Stadttheater, Elberfeld, 
then Schwerin, Hamburg, and now 
at the new Royal Opera in Berlin. 
Her repertoire includes the principal 
Wagner rdles, in addition to such 
operas as "Butterfly," "Faust," etc. 

HUNOLD, Erich, baritone; b. in 
Weimar, Germany. First studied 
theology until Prof. Mullerhartung 
discovered his voice, when he studied 
music under Herr von Milde. First 
appeared at the Stadttheater in Halle, 
and was then engaged by Angelo 
Neumann for several years in Prague. 
He appeared at Vienna as Wotan in the 
Ring performance and as the Flying 
Dutchman in Dresden, and has also 
sung at .Cologne, Hanover, Weimar, 
etc. At the conclusion of his engage- 
ment in Prague, he went to the 
Stadttheater, Bremen. 

HUTCHINSON, Cecilia Mary, so- 
prano vocalist and teacher; b. 26 
Nov., 1851 in India ; d. of Capt. G. H. 
Monck-Mason (B.N.T.) and his wife 
nie Cheyne ; e. privately and for 
music by Mme. Davies, in Bordeaux, 
Joseph Robinson of Dublin, E. Bianchi 
in Florence and by Herr Alfred Blume 
in London. Made her dtbut at Crystal 
Palace, 1880, and has since appeared 
at Saturday and Monday " Pops," 
Worcester, Birmingham and Leeds 
Festivals, Hall6 Concerts, Manchester^ 




Liverpool Philharmonic and all leading 
orchestral and choral Societies. Pro- 
fessor at R.C.M. and King's College 
for Women; m. in 1875 to Col. 

Hutchinson, R.A. ; Member of Three 
Arts Club. Telephone No. 4111 Wes- 
tern. Address : 21 West Cromwell 
Road, Kensington, W. 


ILES, Edward, teacher of singing ; 6. 
25 Oct., 1861, at Chipping Sodbury, 
Glos. ; e. as an organist under Cedric 
Bucknall at All Saints', Clifton, and for 
singing by William Shakespeare. Ap- 
pointed professor of singing at the 
R.A.M. in Sept., 1907, and at G.S.M., 
1910. Address : Lavenham, Radlett, 
Herts. Club : German Athenaeum. 

ILES, John Henry, Editor and 
musical organiser ; b. 17 Sept., 1871, 
at Bristol ; e. at Ashville College, 
Harrogate; well known as founder 
and Director of National Band 
Festival at Crystal Palace ; established 
the British Bandsman as a weekly 
newspaper, of which he is Editor. 
The famous " Besses o* th* Barn " 
band toured the provinces, France and 
the Colonies under his direction; 
in connection with this was decorated 
by President FalliSres as " Officier de 
1* Academic Francaise " ; Member of 
Press Club, Company of Musicians, 
etc. Telephone No. : 9637 Central. 
Address : 210 Strand, London, W.C. 

INGLETON, Evelyn, pianist and 
composer ; pupil of Francisco Berger, 
Frederick Dawson, and Henry Gadsby ; 
first appeared as solo pianist at the 
Salle Pleyel in 1897, and since taken 
part in several leading London Con- 
certs ; she gives two or three concerts 
and recitals yearly, and has also organ- 
ised some successful chamber concerts. 
Her compositions include numerous 
songs, an overture in B minor for full 
orchestra, produced at Llandudno, by 
Mr. Arthur Payne, in 1902; sonata 
for piano and 'cello in D flat, sonata 
for piano and 'cello in D major, air 
and variations in G for piano and 
violin, pianoforte trio in G minor, etc. 
She is a successful teacher of the piano, 
her pupils having gained several 
distinctions and gold medals. A ddress : 
52 Albert Park Mansions, Battersea 
Park, S.W. 

IVIMEY, John William, composer, 
conductor and organist ; b. Stratford, 
Essex, 12 Sept., 1868; s. of Joseph 
Ivimey, organist, and his wife Emma 
Stevens; grandnephew of William 
Austin, protege* and musician to Queen 
Caroline; e. Herne Bay College and 
privately ; m. Mabel, daughter of the 
late Francis Canceller, of the Stock 
Exchange ; his musical education was 
commenced by his parents and was 
continued at the G.S.M. (Exhibitioner 
1886-89) ; was appointed organist of 
St. Peter's Church, Norbiton, at the 
age of fifteen ; assistant organist and 
music-master, Wellington College, 1888 ; 
assistant organist and music-master, 
Harrow School, 1890-1894 ; musical 
director of the South-Western Poly- 
technic, 1896 ; organist and choir- 
master of St. Paul's, Onslow Square, 
1891 to 1896, when he was appointed 
organist of Dulwich College, holding 
same to 1910 ; musical director, S.W. 
Polytechnic, 1896 to 1902 ; conductor 
West Ham Philharmonic Society, 1911; 
Mus. Bac. (Oxon), 1911 ; has com- 
posed ten light or comic operas, all 
of which have been produced, and one 
grand opera, " The Rose of Lancaster," 
besides various miscellaneous works. 
Is F.R.C.O. and A.R.C.M., and 
Associate of the Philharmonic Society, 
London ; hon. mem. Royal Philhar- 
monic Academy of Rome, Associate 
of the Tonic Sol-Fa College, Member 
of the Madrigal Society, the Society 
of British Composers and the Incor- 
porated Society of Musicians. A ddress : 
1 Arundel Mansions, Fulham, S.W. 
Telephone : 1075 Putney. Telegraphic 
address : " Ivimey, London." Clubs : 
Savage and Footlights, Cambridge. 

FVIMEY, Joseph, violinist and con- 
ductor, brother of above; b. Strat- 
ford, Essex, 21 July, 1867, his father, 
Mr. Joseph Ivimey, was organist of 
St. Paul's, Stratford, for twenty-five 





years ; e. for the musical profession 
at the G.S.M. under Mr. Alfred Gibson, 
from 1882. He made his professional 
debut at Stratford in 1884. He is a 
professor of the violin at the G.S.M. ; 
conductor of the Strolling Players 
Amateur Orchestral Society, his own 
amateur orchestras at Surbiton and 

Weybridge, and the Monday Orchestra 
at the G.S.M. for the Principal ; 
member of the R.S.M., the Inter- 
national Society of Musicians, the 
Royal Philharmonic Society, and the 
Incorporated Society of Musicians. 
Address : 40 Clanricarde Gardens, 
W. Telephone: 1182 Park. 

JACKSON, Roland, tenor ; b. Birken- 
head, Lanes, Mar., 1879 ; 5. of 
Mr. Thomas Hughes Jackson, a ship- 
owner, and grandson of the late Sir 
William Jackson, Bart., M.P. ; e. at 
Warren Hill, Eastbourne, Harrow and 
Balliol College; studied under Mr. 
Francis Korbay in London and Herr 
Raimond von zur Muhlen. First 
appeared at a recital at Bechstein 
Hall, 1905, Has since sung with 
success at London Ballad Concerts, 
and on tours with Clara Butt, and other 
distinguished artistes. Appeared by 
Royal Command, Sandringham, 1906 ; 
with London Symphony Orchestra, 
Covent Garden, 1910; soloist, Here- 
ford Festival, 1912. Recreations : Golf 
and tennis. Clubs : The Bath, Caven- 
dish, Denham Golf. Agent : L. G. 
Sharpe, 61 Regent Street, W. Address : 
11 Welbeck Street, W. Telephone : 
2345 Mayfair. 

poser and lecturer ; b. of Swiss parent- 
age in Vienna ; e. for music under 
Fuchs and Bruckner, and under 
Delibes in Paris ; became well known 
in Geneva as teacher of harmony and 
lecturer, and as composer ; has com- 
posed " Janie ** and Sancho Panza," 
two lyrical comedies (the first per- 
formed at Geneva in 1893, and at 
Stuttgart and Frankfort in 1895, and 
the latter at Geneva and Stuttgart) ; 
he has also written a Violin Concerto 
that Henri Marteau has performed and 
a string quartet, also collections of 
songs, " Chansons Romandes," etc. ; 
is now widely known as the author of 
a book and system entitled " Eu- 
rhythmies," on which he lectured to 
large audiences in London in Dec., 
1912; the work has been translated 
into English. Address : Geneva. 

JAMES, Edwin Frederick, bassoon 
player ; 6. 16 Feb., 1861, at Swindon, 
Wilts, his father being an engineer by 
profession ; e. at Great Western 
Railway Company's Schools at Swin- 
don, and began life as an engineer, 
but decided to study music, and made 
his first appearance in Nov., 1876, as a 
clarionet soloist His masters in music 
were William Hawkins of Swindon 
and Mons. Leuliette, Brighton. Has 
played, either as soloist or in orchestra, 
at Brighton 1880-3, Crystal Palace 

1884, Royal Italian Opera, Covent 
Garden, 1888-96, Richter Concerts 

1885, Queen's Hall 1894-1904, Her 
Majesty Queen Victoria's Band 1895- 
1902, King Edward VII's Band 1904, 
and the Philharmonic Society's Orches- 
tra, besides many great provincial 
festivals. Is professor of bassoon at 
the R.A.M. and G.S.M., and director 
of London Symphony Orchestra 1904. 
Mr. James married Miss Emily Cooper 
in 1885 ; he is a Freemason, and plays 
golf. Address : 86 Bravington Road, 
Maida Hill, W. 

JANOTHA, Maria Cecilia Natalie, 

pianist ; b. Czestochowa, near Warsaw, 
Poland ; e. privately. Studied music 
under Prof. Rudorff, Dr. Joachim 
Bargiel, Franz Weber, Brahms and 
Mme. Schumann. Has played with 
success throughout Europe and Amer- 
ica. Appeared before Her Majesty 
Queen Victoria, and was a recipient of 
the Jubilee Medal. Has the diploma 
of St. Cecilia Academy, Rome, and 
other distinctions, English and foreign. 
Hobby : Mountaineering. Agents : 

JAY, Isabel (Mrs. Frank Curzon), 

vocalist and actress ; b. London ; 
d. of J. W, Jay ; a descendant of a 





famous musician of the eighteenth 
century Dr. Jay, of the R.A.M. ; m. 
16 April, 1902, to H. S. H. Cavendish, 
African explorer (obtained dissolution, 
1906) ; prepared for stage at R.A.M., 
and with D'Oyly Carte Opera Com- 
pany ; first appeared at Savoy Thea- 
tre, 1897, as Elsie Maynard in " The 
Yeomen of the Guard " ; appeared at 
Daly's in " The Country Girl/' 1903, 
followed by "The Cingalee," 1904; sang 
before their late Majesties at Chats- 
worth, 5 Jan., 1905 ; played in " The 
White Chrysanthemum " at Criterion, 
1905 ; " The Girl Behind the Counter/' 
Wyndham's, 1906, and tour ; Olivia in 
" The Vicar of Wakefield," Prince of 
Wales's, 1906 ; and title-ydte in " Miss 
Hook of Holland," 1907 ; won first 
gold medal for operatic singing at 
R.A.M., 1897, and was created 
A.R.A.M. Married Frank Curzon, 1910. 
Last appearance in f ' Balkan Princess " 
at Kennington, 1911. Retired from 
stage in 1911. Favourite part : Phyllis 
in " lolanthe." Hobbies : Motoring, 
piano and painting. Address : 63 
Avenue Road, Regent's Park, N.W. 

JAY, Marian, violinist ; great grand- 
daughter of a famous musician, Dr. 
Jay. Studied music R.A.M. under 
Emile Sauret, and gained Associate- 
ship. Has given recitals in London 
and provinces. Played recently with 
Queen's Hall Orchestra under Sir 
Henry WcL Possesses a fine Josef 
Guarnerius violin. Address : 38 
Warwick Road, Earl's Court, S.W. 
Telephone : 4093 Kensington. 

JOACHIM-GIBSON, Eugenie (Mrs. 
Frank W. Gibson), teacher of singing 
and German diction ; b. Vienna, the 
d. of Friedrich and Regina Joachim. 
Her father was in business as a wool 
merchant, and was the brother of 
Dr. Joseph Joachim, the great violinist. 
She was educated in her native city 
(where, at her parents' house, she met 
many celebrated musicians), and for 
music by Mdme. Mathilde Marchesi, 
Julius Stockhausen, Johannes Brahms, 
Anton Rubinstein, and her aunt, Frau 
Amalie Joachim. She sang very little 
in public, but has always preferred to 
follow the profession of a teacher, which 
she began after her parents died, when 

she came to reside in London. Profes- 
sor of singing at the G.S.M. from 1898- 
1912. Her recreations are gardening 
and playing billiards. In May, 1903, 
she married Mr. Frank Gibson, a well- 
known art connoisseur. Clubs : Sesame, 
Anglo-Italian Literary Society (mem- 
ber of committee), Women Writers, 
Folk-Song Society. Address : 8 
Chester Terrace, Regent's Park, N.W. 
Telephone : 597 Mayfair. 

JOHNSON, Noel, composer, conduc- 
tor, and 'cellist ; b. 22 May, 1863, at 
Repton, Derbyshire ; e. at Repton 
School and Emmanuel College, Cam- 
bridge ; received musical education 
at lie R.A.M. and the Leipzig Con- 
servatoire; first appeared in London 
in 1894 as a solo violoncellist ; toured 
with Moody-Manners Concert Party, 
1895-96 ; toured as musical director 
with several light opera companies ; 
has since acted as musical director at 
the Criterion, Royalty, Adelphi, and 
other theatres ; is composer of many 
well-known songs and instrumental 
pieces. Recreation : Fishing. Clubs : 
Savage, and R.A.M. Club. Addresses : 
The Homestead, Welldon Crescent, 
Harrow, and c/o Reid Bros., 72 Wells 
Street, Oxford Road, W. 

JONES, Katherine, contralto; b. 
Llanbedr Rectory, Crickhowell; d. of 
the late Rev. Thomas Jones ; studied 
singing with Miss Rowe (Australian 
contralto) ; first appeared at the age 
of four years. Principal engagements 
include concerts at the St. James's 
Hall and Queen's Hall; has sung 
before many royal personages, in- 
cluding the Prince and Princess of 
Wales (now their Majesties King 
George and Queen Mary), the Em- 
peror of Germany, the King and 
Queen of Spain ; has toured through 
South Africa and Canada with Mdme. 
Albani ; sang at a State concert at 
Dublin Castle in 1905 ; m. in 1910, 
George, eldest son of General Sir 
James Wolfe Murray, K.C.B. Re- 
creations : Riding and motoring. Ad- 
dress : Llanbedr Rectory, CrickhowelL 

JONES, OTdred, contralto ; b. Ped- 
more Rectory, Stourbridge; d. of 
Rev. W. A. Jones, Rector of Pedmore ; 





e. abroad ; afterwards at R.A.M. under 
Randegger, winning the Parepa-Rosa 
Scholarship, 1899; first appeared at 
Devizes, 1902, in " Elijah/' as principal 
contralto soloist ; Gloucester Festival, 
1904; Worcester Festival, 1905; 
Norwich Festival, 1905 ; Patti Tour, 
1906, etc. ; Albani Australian tour, 
London Ballad Concerts, etc. Re- 
creations : Painting, tennis, etc. Ad- 
dress : Pedmore Rectory, Stourbridge. 

JONES, Sydney, composer and con- 
ductor; b. Leeds, 1869; s. of A. S. 
Jones, musician (for several years 
musical director with Wilson Barrett) ; 
e. at Leeds, where at an early age he 
became conductor of a military band ; 
toured the provinces as conductor of 
various light operatic companies ; also 
toured in Australia ; commissioned by 
George Edwardes to write a song for 
one of the Gaiety burlesques and sub- 
sequently composed the music for 
" A Gaiety Girl," " The Geisha " (of 
which, it is stated, nearly a million 
copies have been sold), " The Greek 
Slave," and "San Toy"; he then 
severed his connection with George 
Edwardes and wrote the music of 
" My Lady Molly " which was first 
toured, and afterwards produced at 
Terry's, 1903; appointed conductor 
of the Empire Theatre, 1905, for which 
he composed the music of the ballets 
" The Bugle Call " and " Cinderella " ; 
composed the music of " See, See," 
produced at the Prince of Wales's, 
1906; "King of Cadonia," 1908; 

"Persian Princess," 1909. In 1911 
appointed musical director of Whitney 
Theatre for " Spring Maid." Club : 

JUDIC, Anne Marie Louise, vocalist 
and actress; b. Semure, 1850; e. at 
Conservatoire; first appearance at 
Gymnase in " Les Grandes Demoi- 
selles," 1867 ; after touring provinces 
returned to Gaiete in " Le Roi Carotte," 
next played at the Bouffes Parisiens 
in a series of operas bouffes by Offen- 
bach and other composers ; later sang 
at the Menus Plaisirs, Alcazar, Eldo- 
rado and other theatres, her chansons 
becoming famous ; has made several 
appearances in London, where she is 
a great favourite. 

JUTA, Helen, contralto ; b. Cape 
Town ; d. of former Speaker of House 
of Representatives, Hon. Sir Henry 
Juta, and on mother's side a descend- 
ant of famous Elizabeth Gunning. 
Began her studies quite young, from 
Miss Cheyne; entered Paris Conser- 
vatoire for piano and violin, and 
remained three years. Then entered 
Scharwenka Conservatorium and stu- 
died there also three years. Came to 
England and studied under Santley, 
having developed a good contralto 
voice. Then under Clara Novello- 
Davies and coaching by Mr. Allen Gill. 
Has toured in South Airica with Ham- 
bourg Quartet. Engaged at London 
Coliseum for " Hansel and Gretel," and 
also played in " Veronique." Is also 
composer of one or two songs. 

\ A1ISCH, Alfred, musical critic ; b. 
IV 13 Mar., 1863, in London ; s. of 
Dr. M. Kalisch and his wife (nee 
Stern) ; e. at King's College School 
and Balliol College, Oxford; trained 
as a barrister, and practised at the 
Bar; is the musical critic of Daily 
News and Leader, Star, and World 
newspapers, and a contributor to 
musical literature in other journals ; 
translated libretti of " Elektra," " Der 
Rosenkavalier," etc., as performed at 
Royal Opera, Covent Garden, Clubs : 
New University, German Athenaeum, 
Music Club, etc. 

EARN, Frederick James, organist 
and teacher of composition, and 
author of educational works on music ; 
prepared for the musical profession by 
b. 29 Aug., 1862, at Letherhead, Surrey; 
Thomas Edmonds, organist and pro- 
fessor of music at Wellington College, 
Wokingham, Berks. Mr. Kara is a 
Mus.Bac. of Cambridge University, 
and Doctor of Music and late Examiner 
for Trinity University, Toronto. He is 
principal of the London College of 
Music, Great Marlborough Street, W. 
Married in 1885 to Miss Marion 
Caddell. Address: 106 Haverstock Hill, 





London, N.W. ; and L.C.M., Great 
Marlborough Street, W. Telephone : 
524 P.O., Hampstead. 

KASTNER, Alfred, harpist; 6. 
Vienna, 10 Mar., 1870, his father being 
an opera singer, and his mother a 
well-known pianist; was prepared 
for the musical profession at the 
Vienna Conservatoire, studying under 
the celebrated Prof. Zamara ; first 
appeared at Vienna in 1885, at his own 
recital; was engaged to play at the 
Royal Opera, Dresden, then at the 
Imperial Opera, Warsaw, where he 
married a Polish lady ; was appointed 
professor of the harp at the Royal 
Academy, Buda-Pesth ; in 1898 he 
proceeded to America, where he spent 
two seasons ; was afterwards for three 
years in Zurich, and playing as soloist 
all over Switzerland. Mr. Kastner is 
member of Sir Henry J. Wood's 
famous Queen's Hall Orchestra, and a 
professor, G.S.M. He occasionally 
gives his own recitals during the season. 
Address : 37 Dennington Park Road, 

KMTJUL, Charlton, pianist and 
accompanist ; &. 1882 at Dundee, N.B. ; 
s. of James L. Keith and his wife nee 
Whitelaw. Studied for musical pro- 
fession under Ernst Denhof in Edin- 
burgh and Michael Hambourg and 
Arthur Friedheim in London. Made 
his d&but at an Ysaye recital June, 1903, 
as accompanist. Has since appeared 
in all the chief towns in United King- 
dom, Scandinavia, Holland, France and 
Germany with Ysaye, Elman, Casals 
Gerardy, Klengel, Marie Hall, Kreisler, 
Zimbalist, Kathleen Parlow, etc., 
and as solo pianist with Sir H. J. 
Wood at Queen's Hall Promenade 
Concerts and Landon Ronald at 
Birmingham. Recreation : Billiards. 
Member Royal Society of Musicians. 
Is married to Edith Margaret, younger 
daughter of Sir Thomas Brock, K.C.B., 
R.A., D.C.L., Telephone No. : 3049 
P.O., Hampstead. Address : 30 
Winchester Road, Swiss Cottage, N.W. 

KELLIE, Lawrence, composer and 
vocalist; b. London, 3 April, 1862; 
was articled to a solicitor, but after 
the expiration of two years abandoned 
law for music, and became a popular 

song writer ; meanwhile he studied 
at the R. A.M. with Alberto Randegger ; 
made his first appearance at the Covent 
Garden Promenade Concerts, Nov., 
1886, and the following year com- 
menced a series of vocal recitals at 
the Steinway Hall these became im- 
mensely successful ; among his most 
popular compositions are " Douglas 
Gordon,'* " A Winter Love Song/' 
" Sleeping Tide," and " An Autumn 
Story." Address: 191 Portsdown 
Road, Maida Vale, W. 

KEMP, Stephen, teacher of the 
pianoforte ; b. Great Yarmouth, Nor- 
folk, 8 Nov., 1849 ; e. at the Grammar 
School in the same town, and for music 
at the R.A.M. (gaining a scholarship 
tenable for three years) under George 
and Walter Macfarren, Goldschmidt, 
Pauer, Goss, and Sterndale Bennett. 
Made his first appearance when a boy 
of fourteen at the Assembly Rooms, 
Great Yarmouth; later (1871) he 
toured through England and Wales as 
solo pianist with Lazarus, and in Nor- 
way with Svendsen, the eminent 
flautist, in 1878. Beginning in 1885, 
he gave a series of concerts at the 
R.A.M. by Bennett, and at the 
National Training School by Sullivan. 
Is also professor at the G.S.M. , member 
of Philharmonic Society, and examiner 
to the Associated Board. Has been 
twice married, to Miss Clara Beasley 
(deceased) and in 1906 to Miss 
Gertrude E. Thome. Mr. Kemp 
edited a series of pieces published by 
Ashdown, entitled " Modem Music." 
Address: 80 Oxford Gardens, Netting 

KENNEDY, Daisy, violinist; b. 
in Burra-Burra, near Adelaide; d. 
of Scotch and Irish parents ; at ten 
years of age won Associated Board 
gold medal at local examination, and 
three years later the Elder Scholarship 
for three years at Adelaide Conser- 
vatoire; was advised by Kubelik 
to study in Europe ; came to Vienna 
and studied for six months privately 
under Prof. Sevcik, then entered the 
Meisterschule where she has studied 
three years. Has toured in Austria 
and appeared with her master in 
England, 1911. 





KENNINGHAM, Charles, tenor vo- 
calist ; 6. Yorkshire ; in 1886 joined 
the choir of Canterbury Cathedral, 
where he remained for about four 
years; made his stage d&but in 1891 
as De Bracy in Sir Arthur Sullivan's 
" Ivanhoe " at the Royal English 
Opera House, afterwards singing in 
" La Basoche " ; he then went on tour 
in the D'Oyly Carte Opera Company, 
singing in " The Nautch Girl," " The 
Vicar of Bray/' " Jane Annie," and 
other light operas ; returning to 
London he appeared at the Savoy 
in " Haddon Hall/' and afterwards 
in several Gilbert and Sullivan revi- 
vals ; in 1898 he went to Australia 
under Mr. J. C. Williamson, and has 
remained there since, singing all over 
the colonies in a large number of light 
operas, and making himself a great 
favourite with antipodean audiences. 
Address : Princess Theatre, Mel- 
bourne, Australia. 

KERB, Grainger, contralto ; b. near 
Dundee ; d. of William Kerr, barrister ; 
e. Cheltenham; prepared for the 
musical profession under Signer Cara- 
voglia, Miss Anna Williams and Mr. 
Ffrangcon Davies ; first appeared at 
a private concert at the Countess of 
Meath's ; has sung at the Saturday 
Popular Concerts, St. James's Hall 
Ballad Concerts, Birmingham City 
Choral Society, Scottish Orchestral 
Concerts, Promenade Concerts, 
Queen's Hall, Bach Choir, and with 
the principal provincial societies ; has 
also sung in Brussels, Frankfort, etc. 
Miss Grainger Kerr has constituted 
herself a champion of all that is best 
in modern music, especially works by 
English composers. Address : 38 A 
Clanricarde Gardens, W. Telephone : 
1106 Park. Telegraphic address: 
Demurrage, London. 

KEYMER, Sybil, violinist; 6. 19 
Sept., 1891, at Aylesbury ; e. privately 
and for music by Wilhelmj and at 
R.C.M., where she gained an open 
scholarship. First appeared in public 
at Queen's Hall, in 1904, as solo 
violinist. Has since played at all 
principal London concert hfriis and 
at Kensington Palace, 1904, by Royal 
command. Is married to Mr. R. F. 

Austin-Tutt, Town Glerk Leighton 
Buzzard. Hobbies : Tennis and 
gardening. Address : c/o Imperial 
Concert Agency, 524 Birkbeck Bank 
Chambers, Holborn. 

KIDDLE, Frederick B., accompanist 
and organist ; b. at Frome, Somerset ; 
e. at Philological School, Marylebone 
Road and at R.C.M. by Sir Walter 
Parratt (organ), Rockstro (counter- 
point), Higgs (harmony). Favourite 
occupation : Motoring. Telephone No. : 
Mayfair 2960. Address : 4p Bicken- 
hall Mansions, W. 

KIESS, August, operatic baritone; 
b. 1874. First engaged at Stuttgart, 
then Darmstadt, Dresden, and Aix-la- 
Chapelle. Has been coached by Jean 
de Reszke. Has large Wagnerian 

KING, Frederic, baritone vocalist, 
and teacher of singing ; b. Lich- 
field, 3 Jan., 1853; sang as a 
soprano in St. Mary's Church, Lich- 
field, at the age of seven ; on leaving 
school entered an auctioneer's office 
at Birmingham ; later joined staff of 
Messrs. Harrison, music sellers and 
concert agents ; developed a baritone 
voice and studied with Mr. John 
Pearce, a local organist and teacher ; 
won a scholarship at National Training 
School for Music under Sir A. Sullivan 
in 1876 ; studying with Visetti, Prout, 
Faning, and Kemp ; oratorio with J. B. 
Welch; sang at a ballad concert in 
St. James's Hall in 1878 ; afterwards 
sang at Handel Festival, and at 
Birmingham, Leeds, Gloucester, Nor- 
wich and many other provincial 
festivals, at the Albert Hall, the 
Philharmonic, the Monday "Pops." 
and many others. Created the part 
of Lucifer in Sullivan's " Golden Le- 
gend " at the Leeds Festival in 1886, 
and sang Mephistopheles' part in 
Berlioz's " Faust " at its first perform- 
ance at the Albert Hall in 1882. Went 
on tours of Madame Patti and Mdmes. 
Albani, Trebelli, Patey, Sterling. Ap- 
pointed professor R.A.M., 1890, and 
Hon. R.A.M. 1895. Address: 32 
Queensborough Terrace, Hyde Park, 
W. ; and Bechstein Studios. Tele- 
phone : Mayfair 4185, and 1994 Park. 





KING, Oliver, b. 1855 in London, of 
English parents ; at an early age he 
became an articled pupil of the late 
Sir Joseph Barnby, subsequently act- 
ing as his assistant and deputy in 
connection "with the organist and 
choirmaster's duties at St. Anne's, 
Soho, and the musical adviser's duties 
at Messrs. Novellos* publishing house. 
In 1871 he entered upon a three years' 
course of pianoforte study under the 
late Mr. W. H. Holmes, and in 1874 
entered the Conservatorium at Leipzig, 
where, for another three years, he 
received instruction from Richter, 
Reinecke, Oscar Paul, Jadassohn, 
Hermann, and Schradieck, and ob- 
tained much generous assistance from 
Rubinstein. Mr. King's first impor- 
tant engagement was that of solo 
pianist to a concert party headed 
by Madame Peschka Leutner (once 
well known in England), with whom 
he travelled twice through Germany. 
In 1877 he returned to London, 
and in 1879 was appointed pianist 
to H.R.H. the Princess Louise, in 
which capacity he went to Canada 
and stayed during the Governor- 
Generalship of Lord Lome ; during 
this time Mr. King visited the United 
States in the capacity of solo pianist, 
composer and conductor, producing 
at Boston, in Oct., 1880, a symphony 
entitled " Night." In 1883 he gained 
the Philharmonic Society's prize for 
the best overture (" Among the 
Pines "), and returned to London in 
the same year, soon afterwards accept- 
ing the duties of precentor at St. 
Marylebone Church, a post he resigned 
in 1886. For several years Mr. King 
devoted himself entirely to composi- 
tion, and has some hundreds published 
for orchestra, organ, solo voices, can- 
tatas, etc., some of which have been 
produced at festivals, Novellos' Ora- 
torio Concerts, Henschel's London Sym- 
phony Concerts, Philharmonic Society, 
etc. ; his Concerto for Pianoforte and 
Orchestra gained the prize of thirty 
guineas offered in 1885, and was pro- 
duced at St. James's Hall. Since 
1893 Mr. King has been a professor 
of the pianoforte in the R.A.M., and 
has made several tours as a solo player 
in Holland, England, Ireland, and 
Wales. Mr. Oliver King is a keen 

amateur organ builder. Address : 10 
Rostrevor Road, S.W. 

KEPPS, William John, organist, 
piano teacher and performer ; b. 
Greenwich, 1866 ; e. at Haberdashers' 
School and (musically) at R.A.M., 
which he entered 1883, under Walter 
Macfarren, Henry Rose and F. W. 
Davenport. Won Henry Smart 
Scholarship, 1884 ; Potter Exhibition, 
Heathcote Long, and Santley prizes ; 
is an Associate of the R.A.M., and 
F.R.C.O. Later appointed professor of 
pianoforte and examiner at R.A.M., 
and organist at St. Martin-in-the- 
Fields, Trafalgar Square. P.G.O. in 
Freemasonry. Address : 93 Lewisham 
High Road, S.E. 

EIBKWOOD, Edith, soprano and 
teacher ; b. at Secunderabad, India ; d. 
of Surgeon-Major Thos. Moore Kirk- 
wood and grand-daughter of the late 
General Pottinger ; e. at Royal School 
for Officers' Daughters, Bath, and 
trained for music at G.S.M., by Mme. 
Bessie Cox, and at Hpchschule, Berlin, 
and privately by Miss Annie Wheel- 
wright, Randegger, F. Walker, Gustav 
Garcia, Sir Henry Wood, and Landon 
Ronald; made her debut in 1901 at 
Salle Erard, London ; has since 
appeared at Sheffield Festival, 1902, 
Sunday Concerts, Albert Hall (May, 
1904), etc., Queen's Hall, 1902, 1903, 
1904, etc., Royal Opera Covent 
Garden, June, 1904 ; in 1906 made a 
world tour through Australia, Tas- 
mania, New Zealand, Canada, United 
States, Author of a " Chat on Singing," 
published by Augener. Married to 
Mr. Barry Neame, Manager of the 
" Palladium." Favourite occupation : 
Teaching. Telephone No. : 3737 
Kensington. Address : 11 Pond Place, 
Onslow Square, S.W. 

KLEIN, Hermann; b. at Norwich, 
23 July, 1856; e. at Opie House 
School, Norwich, and Hampstead 
Collegiate School, London. He studied 
harmony and counterpoint under 
Deliguoro, and A. H. Thouless, and 
singing under the famous Manuel 
Garcia for four years, from 1874-8. 
He started his professional career as a 
musical critic in London in 1877 ; 





served in that capacity 20 years, on 
Sunday Times, and -wrote for many 
leading papers, including the Man- 
chester Guardian and the Scotsman. 
Appointed Professor of Singing at the 
G.S.M. in 1887, but resigned to go to 
New York in Dec., 1901. While at 
G.S.M. was the teacher of many well- 
known artistes, notably Jessie Huddle- 
ston, Helen Blain, Montague Borwell, 
Annie Northcroft and Olga Loewenthal. 
Acted for some time as Director of the 
Opera Class at the same institution. 
Remained in New York until 1909 ; 
chairman whilst there of National 
Association Teachers of Singing. Com- 
poser of several songs and piano 
compositions, including Grand March, 
dedicated to the Prince of Wales, for 
the Paris Exposition, 1878; also the 
author of " Musical Notes " (annual 
1886-9), " Thirty Years of Musical Life 
in London," and " Unmusical New 
York " ; editor of the revised edition 
of Manuel Garcia's "Hints on Sing- 
ing " ; co-editor of new monthly review, 
The Independent Theatre-Goer. In 
Masonry, holds the rank of Past 
Grand Organist. Has written the 
English versions of Saint-Saens' 
" Hetene," Massenet's " Thais," 
Dukas' "Ariane et Barbe-Bleue/' 
Louis Aubert's "La ForSt Bleue," and 
a new version of Bizet's " Carmen," 
besides many translations of songs by 
Schubert, Schumann, Brahms, etc. 
Recreations : Lawn tennis and Free- 
masonry. Clubs : German Athenaeum, 
Society of East Anglians in London. 
Telephone: 2288 Paddington. Tele- 
graphic A ddress : Voxof ono, London. 
Address : 40 Avenue Road, Regent's 
Park, N.W. 

KNOWLES, Charles, operatic bari- 
tone; b. Leeds, the s. of Charles 
Knowles, master bookbinder, and 
an ardent amateur musician. He 
received tuition in pianoforte play- 
ing as a boy, and was taught sight- 
singing on the " movable doh " 
system by Mr. T. Thompson, a local 
conductor. He then studied for six 
years oratorio singing with Mr. Alfred 
Farrar Briggs, a well-known teacher 
in the West Riding. He also studied 
under Charles Santley, Alberto Ran- 
degger, Henry J. Wood, and Allen 

Gill, to whose advice and instruction 
he is greatly indebted. Previously to 
1898 he had sung a good deal locally 
and in the north of England in oratorio, 
and had also appeared most success- 
fully in " La Mascotte " and " Falka," 
as Hppo and Boleslas respectively. 
At the Leeds Festival of 1898 he made 
his mark in Sir Edward Elgar's work 
" Caractacus " ; at the request of Mr. 
Robert Newman, who engaged him 
for the London Musical Festival, 1899, 
and the Queen's Hall Promenade Con- 
certs of the same year, Mr. Knowles 
left Yorkshire for London. He sang 
at the Sheffield Festival, 1899 ; Chester 
Festival, 1900 ; Scarborough Festival, 
1902; Leeds Festival, 1904; More- 
cambe Festival, 1905 ; and Bristol 
Festival, 1905. His other engagements 
include concerts at the Crystal Palace, 
Queen's Hall, Albert Hall, Alexandra 
Palace, St. James's Hall, and almost 
every city and town with a choral or 
orchestral society in the United King- 
dom. His oratorio repertoire includes 
the " Messiah," " Elijah," " The Apos- 
tles " (Judas), " Gerontius," Berlioz's 
" Faust," etc., etc. He was included 
in the performances of " The Ring " 
in English by Dr. Richter at Covent 
Garden, and on the Denhof Opera 
tour in the provinces in 1912. He was 
also engaged by Mr. Beecham for his 
Covent Garden season. In June, 1912, 
he went for an extensive South African 
tour. Like most Yorkshiremen, he 
loves a good horse, and his recreation 
consists chiefly of riding. Address : 
24 Acacia Road, St. John's Wood, 

KNUPFER-EGU, Marie, operatic 
soprano ; b. in Germany ; made her 
debut as Marie Egli, and has frequently 
sung under that name in England ; 
in. Herr Knupfer, a Wagner singer in 
bass rdles ; is well known as Wag- 
nerian artiste at Covent Garden and 
on Continent. 

KOENIO, Rose, pianist ; adopted d. 
of Gustave Koenig, of Danzig and 
London, cotton merchant; m. first 
in 1878, Claudius Martin, and en 
secondes noces t Mr. Farebrother ; e. at 
Boulogne-sur-mer ; studied with Sir 
Julius Benedict, who presented her to 




the public as his pupil at the Brighton 
Saturday Classical Concerts, under the 
conductorship of Mr. Frederick Corder, 
in 1884 ; she subsequently appeared 
at the Albert Hall, -with Madame 
Christine Nilsson and Sims Reeves, at 
the Brighton Dome with Madame 
Albani, and fulfilled London and other 
important engagements. Retired from 
musical work for some years after her 
second marriage, but resumed it in 
1900, and has since devoted herself 
almost exclusively to the study of 
Wagnerian scores and the translations 
to the piano. Is an associate of the 
Royal Philharmonic Society. Agent : 
Concert direction E. L. Robinson, 
7 Wigmore Street, W. 

KONTOROWITSCH, Lena, violinist ; 
b. Odessa. Studied violin with Herr 
Alexander Fiedeman, a pupil of Dr. 
Brodsky. Later, at the Royal College 
of Music, Manchester, under Dr. 
Brodsky. Resides in London. Agents : 
Michell & Ajshbrooke, 18-19 Piccadilly 
Mansions, Piccadilly Circus, W. 

KOSCHAT, Thomas, composer ; 
member of the Royal Court Choir ; 6. 
Viktring on 8th Aug., 1848 ; e. at the 
Grammar School, Klagenfurt and 
Vienna University (philosophical 
branch) ; music under Esser, who 
engaged him for the Royal Opera 
Choir. Composed over 130 songs, 
chorus works and song-plays for which 
he also wrote most of the lyrics. 
" Am Worthersec," " Verlassen " and 
" Aus den Karuthua Bergen " became 
very popular. His Karntner Quintett 
was for many years a most successful 
musical combination. He has been 
the recipient of many orders and 
medals. Address : IV Karlsgasse I, 

KOUSNBETZOPF, Maria; 6. Odessa, 
in Southern Russia, in 1884; d. of 
a Russian portrait painter. Studied 
under Prof. Tartarcoff in St. Peters- 
burg, and made her debut in 1905 at 
the Imperial Opera in that city, where 
she is now the principal soprano. At 
her debut in London her conception 
of Marguerite in Gounod's " Faust," 
and Muni in " La Bohdme," won a 
chorus of commendation from the 

leading London music critics. She 
has also appeared at the Grand 
Opera in Paris in the two parts in 

KEEISLER, Fritz, violinist; b. 
Vienna, 2 Feb., 1875 ; s. of a leading 
physician of that city ; commenced 
his studies at the Conservatoire, 
Vienna, under Helmesderger ; in his 
tenth year he gained a first prize and 
gold medal, and then went to Paris, 
where he studied under Massart, and 
after two years obtained first prize 
at the Paris Conservatoire, it being 
almost unprecedented for a child of 
twelve to carry off the much-coveted 
Premier Prix de Paris ; later he toured 
America with Moritz Rosenthal, the 
celebrated pianist, and then returned 
to Vienna to finish his studies at the 
Gymnasium and go through his mili- 
tary service ; he is still a lieutenant 
in a cavalry regiment, and his patriot- 
ism has cost him a good deal in the 
cancellation of engagements; his 
military duties caused a severe break 
in his musical studies, but after a period 
of retirement and study he made his 
appearance at Berlin, and achieved a 
brilliant success ; he revisited the 
United States in the same year, and 
was once more enormously successful 
in the country which was the first to 
recognise his supreme ability; made 
his first appearance in London in 
1901, since when his visits to this 
country have been numerous, and he 
holds the highest position in the esti- 
mation of the music-loving public ; 
in 1904 he was presented at a Philhar- 
monic Concert with the society's gold 
medal ; he has appeared at the great 
musical festivals of Bristol, Norwich, 
Sheffield and elsewhere, and has also 
been engaged to appear at the Liver- 
pool Philharmonic, Manchester, Bir- 
mingham, a Patti Concert at the 
Albert Hall, Queen's Hall Symphony 
Concerts and ChappelTs Ballad Con- 
certs ; has also played at the Paris 
Philharmonic Concerts, and has given 
recitals throughout Russia and Poland. 
He plays upon one of the most valuable 
violins in existence, famous Josef 
Guarnerius del Gesu of 1737, formerly 
the property of Mr. George Hart. He 
was married in 1901 to Miss H. Lies, 




an American lady, and resides in 
Berlin. He is an enthusiastic motorist. 
Agent and manager : W. E. Boycott, 
24A Great Portland Street, W. Tele- 
phone : 8658 Gerrard. 

KRONEN, Franz, b. Germany; 
e. at Conservatorium, Cologne, and 
has sung all over Germany ; made 
his English dlbut at Covent Garden, 

KUBELIK, Jan, violinist ; 6. Michle, 
1880 ; s. of a market gardener who 
was also musician ; m. 1903 Magyar, 
d. of Wolfgang Szell de Bessenyei ; e. 
Prague Conservatoire under Sevcik ; 
numerous decorations and orders. 
Has toured over the whole world 
several times. Address : Bychor bei 
Kolin, Bohemia. Agent : Schulz 
Curtius, Concert Direction, 44 Regent 
Street, W. 

LAFONTAINE, Rev. Henry Cart de, 
well-known amateur musician, 
and donor of scholarships and prizes to 
R.C.M. and G.S.M. ; is an ardent 
Freemason, and member of Worship- 
ful Company of Musicians. Address : 
52 Albert Court, S.W. Telephone : 
6558 Western. 

LAING, Magnus, pianist ; 6. Timaru, 
New Zealand, 1890. Encouraged to 
take up music as a profession by 
Paderewski. Began studying at the 
Berlin Conservatoire. Next studied 
under Eisenberger, a pupil of Lesche- 
titzky, but when the latter heard him 
play he took him in hand personally 
and trained him for two years. Then 
studied under Busoni, and made his 
London debut in July, 1907. 

LAMB, Rath, soprano ; 6. Manches- 
ter, and studied the organ there as a 
child, under Dr. Kendrick Pyne. 
Subsequently trained as a singer in 
London. Debut at Tunbridge Wells, 
singing soprano part in " The Crusa- 
ders" at sight. Afterwards sang in 
London at Patti Concerts, St. James's 
Han, Queen's Hall, and Philharmonic 
Society. Agents : Ashton's. 

LAJSDI, Camilla, vocalist ; b. Milan; 
d. of Alexander Landi and Ernestina 
Lucioni, both operatic singers. Early 
years passed in Geneva and Florence, 
Ttfhere she was educated musically by 
her parents, who afterwards moved to 
Paris, where she made her debut at 
the Lamoureux Concerts. In Paris she 
became intimate with Gounod and 
Ambroise Thomas, who took much 

interest in her. Has sung before the 
late Princesse Mathilde Bonaparte 
many times, also at Potsdam for the 
German Emperor, and at Osborne for 
the late Queen Victoria. Has resided 
here for some considerable time. 

LANE-WILSON, Henry James, bari- 
tone vocalist and composer ; b. Glou- 
cester, his father, Mr. James Wilson, 
being a bandmaster ; e. at the R.A.M., 
studying singing with Arthur Oswald, 
and composition with Frederic Corder. 
Composer of many popular songs and 
arrangements of Old English melodies. 
Address: 27 Castellain Road, W. 
Telephone : 1907 P.O., Hampstead. 

LANGLEY, Beatrice, solo violinist ; 
6. Chudleigh, Devonshire; founder 
and leader of the Langley-Mukle 
String Quartet ; is the elder d. of Col. 
W. S. Langley, late of the Royal Artil- 
lery ; and is married to Basil Tozer, 
author and journalist. She was educa- 
ted privately, and was a pupil of 
Joseph Ludwig and of Wilhelmj. She 
made her debut at the Crystal Palace 
Saturday Concerts when a child, and 
has since played at all the principal 
concerts in London and the provinces. 
She has made concert tours in the 
United States, British North America, 
South Africa and elsewhere. Ad- 
dress: 70A Longridge Road, Earl's 
Court, S.W. Telephone : Kensington 

LAW, Mary, violinist ; b. in London 
1889 ; d. of Ed. Gibbon Law and his 
wife nee Margerison. Trained for 
musical profession at G.S.M. under 





Johannes Wolff and afterwards with 
Emile Sauret in London and Chicago. 
Made her dbut at Queen's Hall in 1900, 
and has since toured extensively in 
United Kingdom besides being under 
contract to play at Tivoli Theatre of 
Varieties, London, till 1916. Gave a 
recital at Bechstein Hall, May, 1912. 
Recreation : Riding. Telephone No. : 
1100 Streatham. Address: 32 
Streatham Hill, S.W. 

LEE, Ernest Markham, composer, 
litterateur, pianist, organist, and teacher 
M.A., and Mus.Doc. Cantab., and 
F.R.C.O. ; b. Cambridge, 8 June, 
1874 ; e. at Perse Grammar School, 
and at Emmanuel College. Began his 
musical career as solo boy at Clare 
College ; acted as organist of various 
Cambridge churches, and in 1894 of 
Emmanuel College. In 1896 he be- 
came organist of All Saints', Woodford 
Green, resigning this post in 1911. 
Author of various works connected 
with music, " Tschaikovsky " (John 
Lane), and in Bell's " Miniature Lives," 
"Nights at the Opera" and "The 
Story of Opera" (Music Story 
Series), and other books on Grieg's 
and Puccini's operas. Founder and 
director of the Woodford Green 
Chamber Concerts, of which to Jan., 
1913, exactly 100 have been given. 
Has written many analytical notes for 
concert programmes for London Sym- 
phony Orchestra, etc. Is professor at 
the G.S.M., lecturer at the London 
Institution, examiner to the I.S.M., 
and member of the Philharmonic 
Society. Composer of many church 
services, anthems, songs, etc. Address : 
" Riffel," Woodford Green. 

LEGINSKA, Ethel, pianist; of 
English parentage; b. Hull, where 
her jnother died of small-pox during 
her infancy. Was a proUgee of 
Mrs. Arthur Wilson, a member of the 
great Hull shipping family who sent 
her to Frankfort, where she studied. 
Dissatisfied with her progress there, 
she set out for Vienna and by dint of 
sheer persistency induced Leschetitzky 
to take her as a pupil. This he event- 
ually did free of charge. Since then 
Miss Leginska has made immense 
progress in the musical world. 

LEHMANN, Liza, composer, for- 
merly a well-known soprano vocalist ; 
d. of Rudolf Lehmann, a well-known 
artist, and grand-daughter of the late 
Robert Chambers, LL.D. ; studied 
singing under her mother and Signer 
Alberto Randegger, and composition 
under Raunkilde of Rome, Freuden- 
berg of Wiesbaden, and Hamish 
MacCunn. Made her debut as vocal- 
ist at the Monday Popular Concerts in 
1885 ; sang at the Norwich Festival, 
1887, and afterwards at leading con- 
certs all over the United Kingdom and 
also in Germany. Her programme 
generally included interesting old Eng- 
lish songs, which had hitherto rarely 
been heard in the concert room, and 
she also interpreted some of her own 
compositions. She retired from the 
concert platform in July, 1894, on her 
marriage to Mr. Herbert Bedford, the 
well-known artist and composer. Since 
then she has devoted herself exclu- 
sively to composition. Among her 
compositions are a Song Cycle for 
four voices, with piano accompani- 
ment, entitled " In a Persian Garden " ; 
also Song Cycles : " The Daisy Chain," 
"More Daisies," "Prairie Pictures," 
" In Memoriam," the Nonsense Songs 
from " Alice in Wonderland," " Four 
Cautionary Tales and a Moral," 
Shakespearean part-songs for mixed 
choir, ft The Happy Prince," " Endy- 
mion " ; Scena for soprano and 
orchestra; "Once Upon a Time," a 
fairy cantata ; " Cobweb Castles " 
(album of pianoforte sketches) ; " Ser- 
geant Brue," musical farce ; and " The 
Vicar of Wakefield," a light opera, 
produced at the Prince of Wales's 
Theatre in 1907 ; likewise many songs. 
Address : 40 Warwick Avenue, 
Paddington. Telephone: 1342 P.O. 

LEHAB, Franz, composer ; b. Kom- 
arom, Hungary, on 30 April, 1870; 
studied six years at the Academy of 
Music at Prague (under Bennewitz and 
Forster), became leader at Elberfeld- 
Bannen when eighteen years of age; 
two years later bandmaster of a mili- 
tary band at Losoncz, and accom- 
panied as such the Archduke Charles 
Stephen on sea-voyages; later band- 
master at the Theater a. d. Wien; 




composed many orchestral works, also 
" The Merry Widow," " The Count of 
Luxemburg" (1910), "Gipsy Love" 
(1910), and "Eva." Address: VI 
Theobaldgasse, 16, Vienna. 

LEMARE, William, organist, con- 
ductor and composer; b. Milford, 
Surrey, 1839 ; fourth s. of the late 
Frederick Lemare, in his day a musi- 
cian of note ; e. at Dr. Watson's 
College, Guildford, studying music 
under his father and acting as his 
deputy organist at one of the three 
church appointments he held in Guild- 
ford and district ; he subsequently 
studied the organ and composition with 
Dr. Gauntiett ; was organist succes- 
sively at St. Jude's, East London, 1860 ; 
St. Andrew's, Stockwell, 1865 ; Brixton 
Parish Church, 1872 ; St. Saviour's, 
Herne Hill, 1876 ; St. Mary's, Newing- 
ton, 1880; St. Mary's, Longfleet, 
1888 ; and St. Nathaniel, Westbourne, 
1894. At St. Mary's, Newington, his 
splendid church services and oratorio 
performances, with full orchestra and 
chorus became famous, and on his 
appointment to St. Mary's, Longfleet, 
he received the honorary degree of 
Mus.Doc. Cantuar. At the Gresham 
Hall, Brixton, he gave a series of im- 
portant concerts, lectures and weekly 
organ recitals, which did a great deal 
to elevate local musical taste, and as 
conductor of the Brixton Choral 
Society gained for his forces a reputa- 
tion for fine choral singing, and it was 
this society which secured the prize 
for sight-singing at the National Music 
Meeting at the Crystal Palace in 1872. 
He also conducted concerts at' the 
Royal Aquarium and Crystal Palace, 
and was trainer of the chorus at the 
Covent Garden Promenade Concerts, 
1880 ; after three years' retirement as 
the result of breakdown from over- 
work. Dr. Lemare resumed his musical 
activities by becoming lessee of the 
Winter Gardens at Bournemouth, 
where he gave daily concerts of a 
high-class description and established 
an Academy of Music and the Bourne- 
mouth Orchestral Society. He was 
conductor of the Nottingham Sacred 
Harmonic Society and of the Midland 
Orchestral Union, and Bow and 
Bromley Choir. Is a Member of the 

Incorporated Society of Musicians and 
of the Union of Graduates in Music. 
Address : 670 High Road, Leyton. 

LENGffl-CELLINI, G., operatic tenor ; 
b. Modena, Italy, 13 June, 1881 ; s. 
of Chevalier Guglielmo and his wife 
(nee Carolina Modena) ; e. as a bar- 
rister, and took his degree as a doctor 
of law in the old university of Bologna. 
Studied music and singing as an 
amateur from childhood and, after 
being called to the Bar, became pro- 
fessional artiste. Made his debut in 
1907 at Pistoia (near Florence), in 
" Rigoletto," after which he appeared 
in several important towns of Italy in 
different principal v dies. First appeared 
in London at a Chappell Ballad Con- 
cert, 9 Oct., 1909, and has since sung 
at principal provincial and London 
concerts. In 1912 sang at Royal Opera, 
Covent Garden, as principal tenor in 
the rdles of Don Jos6 (" Carmen ") and 
Canio (" Pagliacci "). Hobbies : Fenc- 
ing and music. Favourite rdle : Duke, 
in " Rigoletto." Address : c/o Im- 
perial Concert Agency, Birkbeck Bank 
Chambers, Holborn; and 21 Linacre 
Road, Willesden Green, N.W. 

LENGYEL, Ernst, pianist; b. 28 
Aug., 1893, at Vienna (full name Ernst 
Lengyel von Bagota) ; s. of a Hunga- 
rian father and German mother, who 
was a teacher of pianoforte. At five 
years of age played at Buda-Pesth in 
semi-public pieces, including Chopin's 
first impromptu. Won a scholarship 
granted by Buda-Pesth municipality, 
and studied under Prof. Szendy six 
years. Was introduced to London 
public by Dr. Richter 4 Nov., 1907, at 
London Symphony Orchestral Concert, 
Queen's Hall. Has since then devoted 
much time to study. 

LEONI, Franco, composer ; b. Milan, 
24 Oct., 1864; s. of Albert Leoni, 
professor of singing, and his wife, 
Eleonara LocatelK; received his mu- 
sical education at the Conservatoire, 
Milan, under Dominiceti and Pon- 
chielli. His opera, " Raggio di Luna," 
was first performed at Milan in 1888 ; 
" Sardanapalus," cantata, Queen's 
Hall, 1894; "Rip Van Winkle," 
opera, Her Majesty's, 1896; "The 





Gate of Life/' cantata, Albert Hall, 
1898 ; " Ib and Little Christina/' 
opera, Savoy, 1901 ; " Oracolo," 
opera, Covent Garden, 1905; "Gol- 
gotha" (Queen's Hall, 1911). 

LESCHETITZKY, Theodore ; b. 

Lanzut on 22 June, 1830 ; received his 
first musical education through his 
father (piano) ; played at concerts 
when he was nine years of age, de- 
veloped under Carl Czerny into a 
piano virtuoso. For his theoretical 
studies, Simon Sechter was respon- 
sible. Leschetitzky lived twenty-seven 
years at St. Petersburg, where he 
founded the Imperial Conservatorium 
of Music in company with Rubinstein 
and was appointed professor there. 
In 1864 he visited England in com- 
pany with his first wife. He made 
concert tours through Austria, Ger- 
many, and Russia, arranged chamber 
music soirees with Auer and Davidoff, 
and settled in 1878 at Vienna, where 
he married en secondes noces his pupil, 
Annette Essipofi, in 1881. Composed 
over forty works for the piano, many 
songs, duettos, a ballad with chorus 
and orchestral accompaniment, and 
the comedy opera " Die erste Falte " ; 
received many decorations, and be- 
came master of many well-known per- 
formers. Address: Karl Ludwig 
Strasse, 42 Vienna. 

LESTELLY, Louis, operatic baritone; 
b. Bordeaux. Made his debut 1901. 
Has been principal baritone at the 
chief opera houses in South of France. 
Repertory includes Debussy's " Pelteas 
and Melisande/' " Habanera/' " But- 
terfly," etc. 

LETT, Phyllis, contralto ; b. Red- 
bourne, Lincolnshire; d. of Richard 
Alfred Lett, B.A., M.D., M.Ch. ; e. at 
Wakefield High School; won open 
scholarship R.C.M., 1903; won the 
Ffrangcon Davies Schubert Prize, 
R.C.M., 1905 ; Henry Leslie (Hereford- 
shire Philharmonic) Prize, 1906 ; stu- 
died under Albert Visetti; first ap- 
peared at the Royal Albert Hall, 1 
Nov., 1906, as principal contralto in 
"Elijah," with the Royal Choral 
Society ; has also sung at the Birming- 
ham, Bristol, Norwich, Hereford, Wor- 
cester, Gloucester, Newcastle, and 

Southport Festivals ; Halle Concerts, 
Manchester and Liverpool Philhar- 
monic Concerts, and all the principal 
concerts and festivals in the United 
Kingdom, etc. ; elected an Associate 
of the R.C.M., 1906. Address : 194 
Clarence Gate Gardens, Regent's Park, 
N.W. Telephone : 4607 Mayfair. 

Edgardo, conductor and vocal 
teacher; b. Florence in 1867, and 
began by studying medicine, but event- 
ually took up the study of music as a 
profession ; e. for music first in Flo- 
rence under Mabellini and later in 
Milan under Dominiceti and Bazzini. 
Made his debut at the age of twenty in 
Leghorn as conductor of Verdi's 
"Forza del Destino." Was then 
engaged for several seasons in Florence, 
Rome, Terni, Pisa, Alessandria, etc. 
Went to South America and remained 
there four years. Returned to Milan, 
conducting opera at Teatro Manzoni 
and Dal Venne. Came to England and 
was engaged by Carl Rosa and Rousby's 
Opera Companies. During all these 
years had devoted attention and care 
to study of the voice, and had been 
teaching in London and Oxford for 
some time when in 1901 he was ap- 
pointed opera director and professor 
of singing at R.A.M., receiving the 
distinction of Hon. R.A.M. in 1906. Is 
an Associate of Philharmonic Society. 
Address : 5 Acol Road, West Hamp- 

LEVBEN, John Mewburn, baritone 
vocalist and teacher of singing ; b. 
1863; s. of Edward Levien, M.A., 
F.S.A., a distinguished archaeologist; 
e. at Birkenhead School, Chatham 
House, Ramsgate, and St. John's 
College, Cambridge. On the advice of 
Santiey, studied singing with H. C. 
Deacon and Manuel Garcia ; he also 
studied with Vannuccini and Salzedo ; 
commenced his musical career in 
Liverpool ; later he came to London, 
where he obtained high recommenda- 
tions for his method of voice produc- 
tion from Sir Morel! Mackenzie; 
among his former pupils are leading 
members of the Carl Rosa, George 
Edwardes, and other companies; he 
has sung at the Crystal Palace Con- 
certs under the late Sir August Manns, 





and at the principal London Concert 
Halls, but now devotes himself entirely 
to teaching; at Cambridge he was 
intimately associated with Aubrey 
Smith and H. H. Morell ; is the author, 
with H. O. Nicholson, of a three-act 
tragic opera, " The Jacobite Regi- 
ment," composed by Paul Colberg of 
Dresden ; has edited a new edition 
of " Deacon's Exercises for the Voice " ; 
is Hon. Co. Treasurer of the Royal 
Philharmonic Society ; his recreations 
include mountaineering and badmin- 
ton, and writing letters and articles to 
the papers. Clubs : Savage and 
Authors. Telephone: 2210 Mayfair. 
Address : 42 Baker Street, W. 

LHEUREUX, Arthur, tenor ; e. for 
musical profession at Conservatoire de 
Mons, leaving when eighteen years of 
age, having taken a premier prix. 
Two years' private study followed, 
when he entered the Brussels Conserva- 
toire and studied under M. Demest. 
Here he remained three years, and 
subsequently made his debut at his 
old home, Mons. After a tour in 
Switzerland, returned to Brussels and 
was engaged at the Monnaie. In 191 1 
he appeared at Royal Opera, Covent 

LEEBICH, Franz, pianist, conductor 
and teacher ; 6. London, 1860 ; s. of 
Immanuel Liebich, composer, and 
Agnes Mehlhorn-Liebich, professor of 
singing ; is a grandson of Heir Mehl- 
hora, the distinguished Greek scholar, 
whose books are much used in the 
German public schools; m. 1887, 
Louise, daughter of Major Walter 
Devereux Shirley, and granddaughter 
of Evelyn John Shirley, of Ettington 
Park, Warwickshire and Lough Fea, 
co. Monaghan; prepared for the 
musical profession at Cologne Conser- 
vatoire tinder Ferdinand Hiller and 
Isidore Seiss ; afterwards at Dresden 
with Edmund Kretschmer and Hans 
von Bulow; first appeared at the 
Royal Pavilion, Brighton, 1867, as a 
pianist; afterwards gave recitals in 
London, Paris, and the provinces ; 
has toured with Madame Patti, Miss 
Ada Crossley, and Lady Hall6; has 
studied the compositions of Claude 
Debussy with that composer, and 

makes a speciality of interpreting his 
works and those of the modern French 
School ; is a well-known and success- 
ful teacher in London. Recreations : 
Gardening, cycling, and other country 
pursuits. Address: 6 Scarsdale Villas, 
Kensington ; and Penn, Bucks. 

LIEBLING, Georg Lothar, pianist 
and composer ; b. Berlin, 1865 ; 
director of Munich Conservatoire since 
1908; m. Alice, d. of late H. 
Goldberger, Berlin ; e. High School, 
Berlin. Appointed professor Kullak 
Conservatoire at sixteen ; was for 
some years resident in London and 
professor at G.S.M. Many tours. 
Court pianist to late Duke of Saxe- 
Coburg. Numerous decorations. Ad- 
dress : Viktor Scheffel Str. 14 Munich, 

LIEBHAMMER, Dr. Theo., concert 
singer and teacher ; b. Lenberg, 
Austria, 18 Nov., 1866; s. of Alex- 
ander Lierhammer, engineer, by his 
wife Marie de Chambeson; e. at 
Vienna; was previously a Doctor of 
Medicine and throat specialist ; pre- 
pared for the musical profession by 
Profs. Ress (Vienna), Caraffa (Milan), 
and Stockhausen (Frankfort) ; first 
appeared Vienna in 1894, with Fritz 
Kreisler, as liedersinger, including in 
his programme songs by Brahms, 
Schubert, Schumann, and Hugo Wolf ; 
toured Austria-Hungary, 1896, appear- 
ing in all the principal concerts as 
soloist at symphonic and Philharmonic 
concerts ; Germany, 1898 ; Russia and 
Austria, 1899 ; Germany and England, 
1900 ; in 1904 made a four months' 
tour in America, and since that year 
has been a professor of singing at the 
R.A.M., and in 1906 was appointed 
honorary R.A.M. ; has sung before the 
Austrian, German, and Russian Courts, 
and on 28 June, 1904, sang by com- 
mand before Queen Alexandra, and 
on Dec. 14, 1909, before the German 
Emperor. Address : 12 Hamilton 
Terrace, W. Agent : E. Robinson, 
7 Wigmore Street, W. 

IIPKOWSKA, Lydia, operatic 
soprano ; b. in Russia. Trained in St. 
Petersburg where she also made her 
debut in opera. Sang in New York 





and was engaged by Mr. H. V. Higgins 
for Covent Garden in 1912. Made her 
appearance there as Susanna in Wolf 
Ferrari's " Segreto di Susanna." Also 
sang as Mimi in " BohSme." Among her 
other rdles are Violetta in Traviata, 
Manon, and Tatiana in Tschaikovsky's 
" Eugene OnSgin." 

LITTLETON, Alfred Henry, music 
publisher and head of firm of Novello & 
Co.; b. 15 Feb., 1845, London; e. 
University College School and Heidel- 
berg. Had organ lessons from Geo. 
Cooper of St. Paul's and Barnby 
(piano and harmony). In 1873 arranged 
daily concerts at Albert Hall, and in 
1874 another season lasting seven 
weeks of oratorio, Wagner, etc. In 
1871 opened branch of his firm in New 
York. In 1875 he organised four per- 
formances of Verdi's " Requiem " that 
the composer conducted. In 1888 
became head of Novello & Co. ; 
member of Musicians' Company 
(master, 1910-11). Address : c/o 
Novello & Co., Wardour Street. 

LOCKYER, James, viola-player; e. 
at R.A.M., where he won Ada Lewis 
open scholarship for viola 1903. 
Made an A.R.A.M. 1906. Became 
professor R.A.M. 1912. Member of 
Langley Miikle Quartet and principal 
viola of Beecham Symphony orchestra. 
Address: 55 Gwendwr Road, West 
Kensington, W. 

LOEWENTHAL, Olga, operatic 
soprano and teacher; b. Vienna, 21 
March, 1885 ; d. of Sigismund Loe- 
wenthal and his wife (nee Bennett) ; 
e. in Switzerland, France and England, 
and trained for music at G.S.M. under 
Hermann Klein and Medora Henson, 
and afterwards for three years under 
Jean de Reszke in Paris. Made her 
dbut with M. Ed. de Reszke in 1907 at 
Bechstein Hall. First London appear- 
ance at Covent Garden in 1909. Has 
now become well known as a teacher 
in London, but has also appeared for 
Mr. Thomas Beecham and at various 
concerts and recitals. Hobbies : 
Motoring, golf and archery. Tele- 
phone No. : 3801 Mayfair. Address : 
Chatham House, 13 George Street, 
Hanover Square, W. 

LOHR, Harvey, composer, pianist 
and conductor ; b. Leicester, 13 June, 
1856, his father, Mr. George Augustus 
Lohr, being an organist and choral 
conductor ; e. privately, and later at 
the R.A.M., under Sir Arthur Sullivan, 
W. H. Holmes and Dr. Prout. First 
engaged as organist at St. Margaret's, 
Leicester, when ten years of age. Won 
several distinctions while studying at 
the Academy, including the Lucas 
Medal (twice), the Potter Exhibition, 
and the Santley Prize for accompani- 
ment; gained the A.R.A.M., is an 
Associate of the Philharmonic Society, 
and Member of the Royal Society of 
Musicians. Composer of five sym- 
phonies, a grand opera (" Kenilworth") 
oratorio (" The Queen of Sheba "), trio 
for piano and strings, quartet and 
quintet for piano and strings, two 
string quartets, a large quantity of 
pianoforte music, songs, part-songs, 
Church music, etc. Mr. Lohr's hobbies 
include "lecturing the critics," bil- 
liards, and masonry. Address : 39 
Hillcrest Road, Acton, W. 

LONG, Nora, soprano vocalist; 6* 
Dunedin, New Zealand, 27 Sept., 1882 ; 

d. of Charles Joynton Long by his wife 
Kate Jaxone, great-granddaughter of 
Madame de Hewie, a famous French 
singer ; e. at the Girls' College, Nelson, 
New Zealand ; prepared for the musical 
profession by local teachers in Dunedin, 
and on coming to London by Madame 
Minna Fischer; first appeared at 
Wellington as Alice in " Rip Van 
Winkle " ; sang with the Sydney 
Orchestral Society in 1901, and the 
Sydney Philharmonic Society in the 
same year ; first appeared in London 
at the Royal Albert Hall in May, 1906. 
Her favourite part is Manon in Masse- 
net's opera. Recreations : Tennis, 
riding, croquet. Agent : N. Vert, 6 
Cork Street, W. 

LONSBALE, Gertrude, contralto 

e. at Queen's College; prepared for 
the musical profession in Germany, 
France and England, principally by 
Mr. Randegger ; was a member of the 
Carl Rosa Opera Company, 1898; 
appeared at Bolton as soloist in " The 
Messiah," 1899; she has sung at 
principal provincial concerts every 





year since 1899 ; went on world tour 
with Mr. Watkin Mills, 1905-6 ; soloist 
with Leeds and Sheffield choirs in 
Germany, singing in Dusseldorf, Co- 
logne, and Frankfort ; Queen's Hall 
Concerts, 1906; went to America in 
1907, and made a tour of the world. 
While with the Carl Rosa Opera Com- 
pany she played various parts, some- 
times at a moment's notice and with- 
out a rehearsal. Recreations : Cycling 
and riding. Address : 4 Acacia Place, 
St. John's Wood, N.W. 

LORRAINE, Ella, soprano ; b. Pee- 
bles, N.B., 1881 ; d. of the Rev. G. B. 
Lorraine, both her father and grand- 
father being distinguished clergymen 
of the Presbyterian Church, while her 
mother's family is closely related to 
the Du Serin family ; e. at Dumfries 
Academy and The Mount, Banbury, 
Oxon ; prepared for the musical pro- 
fession by Madame Blanche Marchesi 
and Mr. William Shakespeare ; is a 
favourite ballad singer, and has ap- 
peared at a large number of the leading 
London and provincial concerts. Re- 
creations : Golf, swimming, tennis and 
motoring. Address : 21 Upper Maryle- 
bone Street, Portland Place, W. 

LUDLOW, Godfrey, violinist; 6. 
Newcastle, New South Wales; s. of 
Dr. and Mrs. Buxton Ludlow. Began 
his studies at seven years of age. At 
nine won a gold medal in open competi- 
tion. Came to Europe and studied 
under Sevcik at Prague. Made a tour 
in the Near East, and played before 
Royal Family of Greece and Sultan of 
Turkey. He was youngest pupil to 
pass entry examination into Meister- 
schule of Imperial Academy at Vienna, 
where he still studied with Sevcik. 
He gave concerts in Vienna, London, 
and elsewhere in 1911-2. 

LUNN, Louise Kirkby, operatic con- 
tralto ; 6. Manchester ; e. at R.C.M., 
where she studied under Signer 
Visetti, winning open scholarship for 
singing, 1893; made her debut while 
still a student at R.C.M. in Schu- 
mann's " Genpveva " and Delibes' 
" Le Roi l*a dit " ; first appeared at 
the Opera Comique, London, as Nora in 
"Shamus O'Brien"; went on tour 

with Sir Augustus Harris in Grand 
Opera, 1896 ; joined the Carl Rosa 
Company, playing with them from 
1896 to 1899 ; reappeared in 1901 at 
Covent Garden as the Sandman in 
" Hansel and Gretel " ; Queen's Hall 
Orchestra Concerts, 1899-1902 ; Royal 
Opera, Covent Garden, 1902, down to 
the present year, taking the principal 
Wagnerian and other contralto riles. 
Mme. Lunn has sung at all the prin- 
cipal concerts and festivals in the 
United Kingdom. At Buda-Pesth 
she was specially invited to sing the 
parts of Dalila (" Samson et Dalila "), 
Carmen, and Orfeo (Gluck). She 
is famous for her rendering of these 
rdles. In 1902 she took part of 
Kundry at Metropolitan Opera House, 
New York, at English performance of 
"Parsifal." Address: 14 Albert Road, 
Gloucester Gate, Regent's Park, N.W. 

LYELL-TAYLOR, H., violinist and 
conductor ; b. London, 28 Mar., 1872 ; 
made first public appearance at seven 
years of age as a " prodigy " ; became 
L.R.A.M. Started as first violin in 
Carl Rosa Opera Company, and at 
Royal Opera, Covent Garden ; entered 
Queen's Hall Orchestra as first violin, 
and eventually became leader of 
second violins. During last two years 
he occupied this post he was conductor 
of second part of programme as 
deputy to Sir Hy. Wood. Was also 
conductor of Pier Concerts at Colwyn 
Bay, which he resigned in 1907 to take 
up musical directorship of Buxton 
Pavilion Gardens. Since 1897 has 
conducted Kensington Amateur Or- 
chestra. In 1906 was appointed con- 
ductor of the Derby Orchestral Society, 
and in same year of the Wolverhamp- 
ton Festival Orchestra, and of many 
of the National Sunday League con- 
certs and London Symphony Orches- 
tra. He has also conducted another 
well-known provincial orchestra, the 
Birmingham Symphony ; now directs 
the Municipal Orchestra at Brighton. 
Mr. Lyell-Taylor is married. Address : 
The Dome, Brighton. 

LYNE, Felice, soprano ; b. 1891, in 
Kansas City, U.S.A. Studied for three 
years with M. L. D. Aubigne, in Paris. 
On her return to New York, appeared 





for some time as concert singer. Was 
then engaged by Mr. Hammerstein 
for his opera company. In 1911 she 
made her London debut as Gilda in 

" Rigoletto " with great success. In 
her first season she sang thirty-six 
times out of seventy-one performances 
and created five different rdles. 


MAASKOFF, Anton, violinist; &. 
12 Jan., 1893 in New York ; s. of 
Maurice Maaskoff, better known as 
Maurice Moscowitch, the famous Rus- 
sian actor ; e. privately ; studied 
under Max Bendix in New York and 
later under Dr. Adolph Brodsky in 
Manchester; made his debut at Free 
Trade Hall, Manchester, with Dr. Hans 
Richter, 18 Nov., 1909, playing Max 
Bruch's G Minor Concerto ; first ap- 
peared in London at the Queen's Hall, 
30 Aug., 1910 ; appeared at the Richter 
Farewell Concert, Ulster Hall, Belfast, 
5 March, 1911; played Elgar's Concerto 
with the Hall6 Orchestra at Southport, 
25 Nov., 1911 ; has since appeared 
with great success at many leading 
concerts in London and the provinces. 
Recreations : Chess, reading and Swed- 
ish gymnasium. Agents : Concert 
direction Michell and Ashbrooke, 
7a Piccadilly Mansions, W. Address : 
22 Hillgrove Road, South Hampstead, 
N.W., and 3 Laurel Mount, Bowdon, 

MACCARTHY, Maud, violinist ; 
was a pupil of Sefior Arbos; has 
appeared at a large number of leading 
concerts in London and the provinces, 
making special successes at the Crystal 
Palace and Queen's Hall with the Beet- 
hoven, Tschaikovsky and Brahms* 
Concertos ; has also had many appear- 
ances on the Continent, notably at 
Cologne where she played at an orches- 
tral concert under Fritz Steinbach ; 
has given numerous recitals in London ; 
m. Mr. William Mann ; lectured Nov., 
1912, before the Musical Association 
on " Some Indian Conceptions of 
Music," dressed in Indian costume and 
performed sitting on the ground in 
Indian fashion. 

McCORMACE, John, tenor; b. at 
Athlone, Westmeath, 14 June, 1885; 
won the Denza Gold Medal for tenor 

singing at the National Irish Festival 
in 1903 ; made a concert debut at 
Dublin during the same year; joined 
the Catholic Cathedral Choir ; later he 
went to Milan where he studied with 
Sabatini ; in 1905 he made his operatic 
d6but in " L'Amico Fritz " at Savona ; 
first appeared in opera in England at 
Covent Garden (1907) in " Cavalleria 
Rusticana," and has been heard each 
year since in many rdles at the Royal 
Opera House. In 1910 he went to Italy 
and sang with Mme. Tetrazzmi and 
Signer Marcoux at the Opera House in 
Parma under the baton of Signor 
Campanini. Mr. McCormack has had 
equal success on the concert platform, 
frequently appearing in London at the 
Albert Hall, Queen's Hall, etc., etc. 
Address : 24 Ferncroft Avenue, 
Hampstead, N.W. Telephone: 2800 
P.O. Hampstead. 

MACCUNN, Hamish, composer and 
conductor ; b. Greenock, 22 March, 
1868 ; s. of James MacCunn, shipowner 
and amateur sculptor, painter and 
'cellist, also author of verses set to 
music by his son; m. daughter of 
John Pettie, R.A. ; entered R.C.M. 
and received most of his musical 
education from Sir Hubert Parry; 
his compositions include overtures, 
" Land of the Mountain and Flood/' 
" Ship o* the Fiend," " Dowie dens 
o* Yarrow " ; the suite, " Highland 
Memories " ; operas, " Jeannie Deans " 
and " Diarmid " (the latter to libretto 
written by the Duke of Argyll), and 
a musical comedy, " The Golden 
Girl," to book written by Captain 
Basil Hood ; also composed " The 
Wreck of the Hesperus," dramatic 
ballad for chorus and orchestra, per- 
formed at Coliseum, with tableaux 
1905; conductor with Carl Rosa 
Company, 1898-9 ; Moody-Manners 
Company, 1900-1 ; Savoy, 1902-4 ; 
and Lyric, 1904-7. Was Professor of 





Harmony and conductor at the G.S.M. 
for a short period. Address : 6 Abbey 
Mansions, Abbey Road, N.W. 

McGUCKIN, Barton, tenor; b. 
Dublin, 28 July, 1853 ; was a choir 
boy at Armagh Cathedral, learning 
singing, pianoforte and organ from 
the late Robert Turle ; in 1871 
was appointed leading tenor at St. 
Patrick's Cathedral, Dublin, studying 
singing there under Joseph Robinson ; 
he became a popular vocalist at Dublin 
Concerts, and sang at the Crystal 
Palace Concerts, 1874-5 ; he then went 
to Milan and studied singing under 
Trevulsi, reappearing at the Crystal 
Palace and in Dublin towards the end 
of 1876; his reputation as a vocalist 
was now secure, and he sang at numer- 
ous leading musical festivals all over 
England ; made his debut in opera in 
1880 as Thaddeus in " The Bohemian 
Girl," and for nearly ten years was a 
prominent member of the Carl Rosa 
Company ; he has also sung in opera 
in New York; was engaged by Mr. 
Hammerstein "in front" at the 
London Opera House ; now devotes 
himself largely to teaching. Clubs : 
Savage and Irish Literary Societies. 
Address : I Maida Vale Mansions, W. 

McINNES, J. Campbell, baritone; 
b. Lancashire, 23 Jan., 1874 ; 5. of 
Archibald Mclnnes, merchant, and 
his wife Margaret Gallacher ; e. pri- 
vately ; was previously engaged in 
business pursuits; entered R.C.M. 
1895, afterwards studying with M. 
Bouhy, Paris, and Mr. William Shake- 
speare, London, and oratorio with 
Mr. (now Sir) Charles Santley ; first 
appeared in public at his own recital, 
St. James's Hall, 1899; his engage- 
ments since then include appearances 
at the Hall6 Concerts, Monday Popular 
Concerts, Westmoreland Musical Fes- 
tival, Bridlington Festival, principal 
baritone Leeds Festival (1910), Wor- 
cester Festival (1911), Hereford Fes- 
tival (1912) ; has also appeared at 
Royal Choral Society, Bach Choir, 
Oxford Bach Choir, Boosey's Ballad 
Concerts, Broadwood Concerts ; Pro- 
menade Concerts, Queen's Hall and 
Chappell Ballad Concerts ; has given 
recitals in London, Paris and the 

English provinces. His favourite part 
is " Elijah," and he is particularly 
fond of the music of Bach, the songs of 
Schubert, Schumann and Brahms, 
and British Folk-songs; m., 1911, 
Angela, daughter of Professor J. W. 
Mackail, LL.D., M.A., and Mrs. 
Mackail, and grand-daughter of the 
late Sir Edward Burne- Jones. Address: 
102 Church Street, Kensington, W. 
Telephone : 4648 Kensington. Club : 
Cocoa Tree, St. James's Street, 

MACKENZIE, Sir Alexander Camp- 
bell, composer and conductor, Principal 
of the R.A.M. ; b. Edinburgh, 22 Aug., 
1847 ; s. of Alexander Mackenzie, a 
well-known composer, violinist and 
popular conductor at the Theatre 
Royal ; lived in a musical atmosphere 
from his childhood, and before the 
age of ten years was sent to Sonder- 
hausen, Schwarzburg, Germany, where 
he studied the violin under Ulrich, 
and composition under Eduard Stein. 
At the age of fourteen he was a member 
of the grand-ducal orchestra. In 1862 
he returned home and went to London, 
where he entered the R.A.M., gaining 
the King's Scholarship. Here he 
studied under Sainton, Jewson and 
Charles Lucas. In 1865 he returned to 
Edinburgh, where he became a well- 
known violinist, professor of music, 
and ultimately conductor. During this 
period his compositions commenced 
to attract attention, and with the 
intention of devoting himself entirely 
to writing, he went to Florence 
in 1879. Meanwhile he occasionally 
visited England for the purpose of 
conducting his own compositions, 
which were produced at the principal 
musical festivals. He was appointed 
Conductor of the Novello Oratorio 
Concerts in 1885, and on the death of 
Sir George Macfarren in 1888 he was 
selected for the post of Principal of 
the R.A.M. He was also appointed 
Conductor of the Philharmonic Society 
(from 1893 to 1899.) In addition to this 
he has conducted concerts at the Crys- 
tal Palace, the Halle Orchestra at Man- 
chester, the Royal Choral Society, 
the London Symphony Orchestra, 
and a series of concerts in Canada in 
1905. He has also lectured on Music 





at the Royal Institution, and given 
addresses on his art on numerous 
important occasions. He has com- 
posed a large number of operas and 
cantatas. His grand opera " Colomba" 
was produced by Carl Rosa at Drury 
Lane in 1883, and was revised by 
Sir Chas. Stanford for the R.C.M. 
in Dec., 1912 ; " The Troubadour " 
was heard in 1886 ; while " His 
Majesty " (comic opera) had a con- 
siderable run at the Savoy, where it 
was first played in 1897. His best- 
known cantatas are " The Bride/' 
Worcester Festival, 1881 ; " Jason/' 
Bristol, 1882 ; " The Rose of Sharon/' 
Norwich, 1884 ; " Jubilee Ode/' 
Crystal Palace, 1887 ; " The Dream of 
Jubal," composed for the Jubilee of 
the Liverpool Philharmonic Society, 
1889 ; " The Cottar's Saturday Night," 
Edinburgh, 1892 ; " Veni Creator 
Spiritus/' Birmingham, 1891 ; " Beth- 
lehem," Royal Albert Hall, 1894; 
" The Sun-God's Return," Cardiff, 
1910. He composed the incidental 
music for the productions of " Ravens- 
wood " and " Coriolanus " at the Ly- 
ceum in 1890 and 1901 respectively, 
and " The Little Minister " at the Hay- 
market in 1896. His overtures include 
three preludes to " Manfred," written 
at the request of Sir Henry Irving, 
" The Cricket on the Hearth " (an 
opera as yet unperformed), " Twelfth 
Night," and "Britannia," the latter 
composition being first produced at the 
R.A.M. Commemoration Concert in 
1894. His concertos comprise one for 
violin first played at Birmingham, 
1885, by Sarasate, and " Pibroch," 
performed by the same artist in Leeds 
in 1889, also a Scottish concerto for 
piano and orchestra. Other well- 
known compositions from his pen are 
" The Benedictus," two Scottish rhap- 
sodies and a Canadian rhapsody, and 
the suite, " London Day by Day." 
He has also written a large quantity of 
violin pieces, songs, part-songs, an- 
thems, etc., and has arranged and 
edited the " Songs of Scotland." The 
honour of knighthood was conferred on 
Mm by Queen Victoria in 1895, and he 
has been the recipient of numerous 
orders and distinctions, including the 
Gold Medal for Art and Science from 
the Grand Duke of Hesse Darmstadt, 

and Order pour le Merite, Saxe- 
Coburg-Gptha. He was elected Hon. 
Vice-President of the Edinburgh 
Choral Union, 1884, and of the Glasgow 
Choral Union, 1888. He holds the 
honorary degree of Mus.Doc., St. 
Andrews, Cambridge and Edinburgh; 
LL.D., Glasgow; D.C.L., Leeds and 
McGill, Montreal, and is a member of 
the Royal Swedish Academy. He is 
married and has one daughter. Ad- 
dress : 15 Regent's Park Road, N.W., 
and R.A.M., York Gate, Marylebone 
Road, N.W. Clubs: Athenaeum, 
Garrick, Arts. 

McKENZIE, Madame Marian, con- 
tralto vocalist and teacher of singing ; 
b. Plymouth ; d. of Captain Joseph 
McKenzie, of the Mercantile Marine ; 
m. Richard Smith Williams ; e. at 
Plymouth, under Dr. Samuel Weekes, 
and at the R.A.M. under Cavaliere . 
Alberto Randegger ; was Parepa-Rosa 
Scholar, Westmoreland Scholar, Bronze 
Silver and Gold Medallist at the 
R.A.M. ; studied also under Miss Anna 
Williams voice production, also with 
Henry Russell, Edward Dannreuther 
and George Henschel. Made her first 
professional appearance at Boosey's 
Ballad Concerts, St James's Hall, as 
contralto vocalist ; her principal en- 
gagements include the Handel and 
Bach Festivals, also Leeds, Birming- 
ham, Norwich, Chester and other 
Festivals, principal contralto soloist, 
Welsh Eisteddfod, and most of the 
leading concerts in London and the 
provinces ; has also sung by command 
at the State Concerts at Buckingham 
Palace. Is a Fellow of the R.A.M., a 
Member of the Royal Society of 
Musicians and an Associate of the 
Philharmonic Society. Address : 
Prince's House, Victoria Street, S.W. 
Telephone : 5353 Victoria. 

MACKEEN, George, pianist, teacher 
and conductor ; b. Limerick, 15 July, 
1866 ; 5. of George Mackern, publisher, 
Buenos Ayres; e. privately, Black- 
heath ; m. Alice Margaret, d. of Alfred 
Burnett, R.A.M., 1894, ; received, 
musical education at the R.A.M. 
under the late Thomas Wingham, and 
privately with Leonard Borwick ; first 
appeared at the Blackheath Art Club 

9 (3141) 





Chamber Music Concerts, 1899; lias 
since given concerts at St. James's 
Hall, and the JEolian Hall, also con- 
ducts an annual series of symphony 
concerts at Blackheath; has played 
at the Broadwood Concerts, Man- 
chester, and in most of the big pro- 
vincial towns ; Principal of the Black- 
heath Conservatoire since 1905 ; is 
F.R.A.M. and piano professor at the 
Mayfair School of Music. Address : 
1 St. German's Place, Blackheath, 
S.E. Telephone : 143 Lee Green. 

MACKINLAY, M. Sterling, bass 
vocalist and teacher of singing ; b. 
London, 7 Aug., 1876 ; s. of John 
MacKinlay, writer, and Antoinette 
Sterling MacKinlay, the famous con- 
tralto vocalist; e. at Eton and 
Trinity College, Oxford, graduating 
M.A. in 1901. He studied singing for 
four years under the late Manuel 
Garcia, receiving his first lesson 
when Jenny Lind's master was ninety- 
two, and was the last pupil to receive 
a full four years' training from him. 
He first appeared on tour with his 
mother in 1900. Has sung at the 
Queen's Hall Ballad Concerts and the 
Albert Hall, and has given thirty-two 
recitals in London, including three at 
the St. James's Hall. He also accom- 
panied Madame Antoinette Sterling 
on her farewell tour. He ha? sung in 
musical comedy at the Savoy, Lyric, 
Avenue and other theatres. Since 
1904 he has given up all concert and 
theatrical work and has devoted him- 
self exclusively to teaching. He formed 
his Ladies' Choir in 1911, and the 
Sterling Mackinlay Operatic Society, 
1912. He published his first work, 
" Antoinette Sterling and Other Cele- 
brities," in the spring of 1906, followed 
by " Manuel Garcia, the Centenarian " 
(1908), "The Singing Voice and its 
Training " (1910) ; and has also con- 
tributed to the Strand, Toiler, Punch, 
the Grand and other magazines. His 
recreation is writing. Address : 32 
Baker Street, Portman Square, W. 
Telephone: 2640 Mayfair. Clubs: 
Savage and Oxford and Cambridge 
Musical Club. 

MACKWAY, Walter, teacher of 
singing; b. Kennington Park Road, 

London, in March, 1862, his father 
having been a fine amateur tenor 
vocalist and one of the first members 
of Leslie's choir ; e. for commercial 
life, which he began, but was so strongly 
attracted by music that he was sent, 
in 1880, to the R.A.M. Here he studied 
under W. H. Holmes, Walter Mac- 
farren, H. C. Banister, F. Davenport 
and Fred Walker. Later he studied 
with Sir G. A. Macfarren. On leaving 
in 1886, was elected A.R.A.M. ; in 
1887 became assistant-professor and in 
1889 professor ; has devoted himself 
almost entirely to teaching, but has 
held the post of director of the Clapham 
Choral Society since 1880. Takes great 
interest in conducting madrigals and 
part-songs, and also in church music ; 
for nineteen years Director of Music 
at St. Peter's, Clapham, and has held 
similar positions at Woodford Parish 
Church and Christ Church, Highbury. 
Address: R.A.M., York Gate, 
Marylebone Road, N.W. 

MACLEAN, Alexander Morvaren 

(Alick Maclean), composer and con- 
ductor ; b. 20 July, 1872, at Eton, 
and subsequently educated there, one 
of his instructors in music being the 
late Sir Joseph Barnby. Won the 
Moody-Manners prize of 100 in 1895 
for the best one-act opera by a British 
subject ; this work, entitled " Pet- 
ruccio," was produced at Covent 
Garden. A previous opera, on the 
subject of Scott's " Quentin Durward," 
was performed, in an abridged version, 
by the students of the L.A.M., during 
April, 1904, at the Royalty Theatre. 
" Die Liebesgeige," first produced at 
Mayence on Easter Sunday, 1906, 
was repeated several times during the 
ensuing season. Later he composed a 
sacred choral work entitled " The 
Annunciation," produced by the Lon- 
don Symphony Orchestra, with the 
Sheffield Choral Union at the Queen's 
Hall, London, in 1909. The same year 
his idyll, " Mattre Setter," was given 
by the Moody-Manners Co. in London 
and the provinces, and is now in rehear- 
sal at Mayence for production this 
Easter (1913) Sunday. In 1899 AJick 
Maclean became musical director to 
Sir C. Wyndham, and composed for 
him incidental music to Louis N. 





Parker's tragedy, "The Jest"; also 
to Rostand's " Cyrano de Bergerac," 
etc. In the winter of 1911 he was 
appointed musical director to the 
Scarborough Spa. Address: The Spa, 

MACLEAN, Dr. Charles Donald, 

composer and organist; b. 27 Mar., 
1843, at Cambridge ; s. of Rev. A. J. 
Maclean, a well-known classical scholar 
(d. 1858) ; mother's maiden name, 
Phipps-Hutchings ; e. at Shrewsbury, 
and became head of the school ; and 
at Exeter College, Oxford, where he 
was classical Scholar, class exhibi- 
tioner, and organist ; studied music 
under Ferd. HiUer, at Cologne; took 
Oxford degrees of Mus.Bac. (1862), 
Mus.Doc. (1865), and M.A. (1879) ; 
was among the first English organists 
to identify himself with orchestral 
music ; his overture, " Cynthia's Re- 
vels," produced 16 June, 1864, at 
Hanover Square Rooms by the Musical 
Society of London ; organist and 
music-director (sometimes called Pre- 
centor) at Eton College (1871-5) 
(Spohr's " Jessonda," Gluck's " Or- 
feo," Cade's " Erl King's Daughter," 
orchestral concerts, etc.). Before he 
left there were sixty boys taking pri- 
vate lessons, and 300 boys in the 
house classes. He was succeeded by 
Sir Joseph Barnby. As a concert- 
organist has performed many times 
at Albert Hall, Crystal Palace, Bow 
and Bromley Hall, Liverpool Town 
Hall, etc., especially the first two. 
Dr. Maclean managed alongside of 
his musical life to put in twenty-two 
years' residence in India as an Indian 
Civil Servant, a period with which this 
notice is not concerned. Since 1893 
he has lived in London. Is Vice- 
President of the Orchestral Associa- 
tion, Musical Association, and Royal 
College of Organists, Member of 
Council of the Union of Graduates in 
Music, Member of the Philharmonic, 
Member of the Incorporated Society 
of Musicians. Of late years has given 
himself up mainly to orchestral com- 
position, and has produced seventeen 
large works in that class, of which the 
most recent are : " Pageant March," 
" Pianoforte Concerto in F," " Laoda- 
meia " and Songs of Selma," symphonic 

poems, a suite " Melody Album," 
and a " Character Piece from Bavaria," 
in each of the last three years. Since 
1899 has been English Editor of the 
Internationale Musikgesellschaft (head- 
quarters, Leipzig) ; since 1908, Ge- 
neral Secretary of the whole Society. 
In 1912 edited the polyglot " Report 
Volume " (427 pp., royal 8vo, No- 
vellos) of the Society's London Con- 
gress. Dr. Maclean is the father of 
Mr. Alick Maclean well known as com- 
poser and operatic conductor. Clubs : 
Athenaeum, United University, Play- 
goers', and German Athenaum. Tele- 
phone : 2087 Western. Address : 61 
Drayton Gardens, South Kensington, 

MACPHEESON, Charles, sub-organ- 
ist St. Paul's Cathedral, and Professor 
of Harmony, etc., R.A.M. ; b. in 
Edinburgh, 10 May, 1870. Address: 
8 Amen Court, St. Paul's, E.C. 

MACPHERSON, Stewart, composer, 
pianist, lecturer, and writer on music ; 
b. Liverpool, March, 1865 ; e. at City of 
London School; entered the R.A.M., 
1880, and was appointed a professor in 
1887. Conductor of Westminster 
Orchestral Society, 1885-1902 ; ap- 
pointed Professor of Composition, 
Royal Normal College for the Blind, 
1903; appointed Examiner to the 
Associated Board of the R.A.M., and 
the R.C.M., 1898; Member of the 
Board of Studies, University of 
London ; Chairman of the Music 
Teacher's Association; External Ex- 
aminer for Musical Degrees in the 
National University of Ireland ; visited 
Canada, Australia, and New Zealand in 
1900, and South Africa in 1905, as 
Examiner in Music ; Fellow of the 
R.A.M., 1892 ; has published several 
educational works in wide circulation, 
among them being " Practical Har- 
mony," " Practical Counterpoint," 
" Rudiments of Music," " Form in 
Music," " Music and its Appreciation," 
" Studies in Phrasing and Form," and 
(with Ernest Read) " Aural Culture 
based upon Musical Appreciation." 
Clubs : Arts, R.A.M., and Society of 
British Composers. Address : 23 
Chepstow Villas, W. Telephone: 1507 





MAGRATH, Charles, operatic basso; 
b. Cork, Michaelmas, 1865; s. of 
William Ryland Magrath and his wife, 
Elizabeth Simpson ; m. Annie Eliza- 
beth, nie Graham; e. at St. Luke's, 
Cork ; was prepared for the musical 
profession by teachers in his native city 
and at the R.C.M. (open Scholar- 
ship, Morley Scholar and A.R.C.M.) ; 
also won the prize offered by the 
London Musical Society ; on leaving 
the College he made his first appear- 
ance on the stage as Count Lorenzo 
in "The Baroness/' a light opera 
by Cotsford Dick, produced at the 
Royalty, 1892 ; has sung at most 
of the leading concerts in London, 
including those of the Royal Choral 
Society at Albert Hall, the Covent 
Garden Promenade Concerts, Queen's 
Hall, etc. ; made a tour of the Austra- 
lian colonies in 1894 ; appeared at the 
Opera Comique in the opera " Shamus 
O'Brien," by Villiers Stanford, playing 
in it for the whole of the run, and 
subsequently touring in the same piece ; 
appeared at Daly's Theatre in " The 
Greek Slave," 1898, and subsequently 
toured with Mr. George Edwardes's 
principal Company ; joined the Moody- 
Manners Opera Company in 1900, and 
has since been singing in grand opera 
all over the United Kingdom and at 
Covent Garden, Drury Lane, and the 
Lyric Theatres. His favourite parts 
are Cornelius in "The Barber of 
Bagdad," and the Wanderer in " Sieg- 
fried." Recreations : Yachting and 
walking. Is an honorary member of 
the Shakespeare Society. Address : 
Actors' Association, Regent Street, W. 

MAITIAND, J. A. Fuller (see 

MALATESTA, Pompilio, operatic 
bass ; made his first appearance at 
Covent Garden opera house in 1910. 
Among the r dies in which he appeared 
with marked success were Bartolo 
in "Barbiere," Schaunard in " La 
Boh&ne," Jack in " Tess," and the 
Sacristan in " La Tosca." Address : 
c/o Covent Garden Opera House. 

MALUNSON, Albert, composer; 6. 
Leeds, 1S70; commenced his musical 
career as an organist, being at the age 

of seventeen simultaneously organist 
to the late Hon. Mrs. Meynell Ingram 
at Templenewsam, organist at St. 
Chad's Church, Leeds, and deputy 
organist to the parish church at Leeds. 
Prior to this he had studied under Dr. 
Creser, late organist of the Chapel 
Royal, St. James's. At the age of 
eighteen he had produced at concerts 
given by himself at Leeds, a quartet 
for piano and strings, and a trio for 
piano and strings. In consequence of 
ill-health he was compelled to seek a 
warmer climate, and for some years 
resided in Australia, where he devoted 
himself to composition, with occasional 
concerts and teaching ; Held various 
appointments as organist in Melbourne. 
While in Australia his dramatic work, 
" Tegner's Drapa " (Longfellow), for 
solo-voice, chorus and orchestra, was 
performed by the Melbourne Lieder- 
tafel and the Sydney Philharmonic, 
and his ballad for male chorus, " The 
Battle of the Baltic," by the Royal 
Metropolitan Liedertafel. In 1893 he 
married Anna Steinhauer, the cele- 
brated Danish lieder singer, and 
returning to Europe toured Denmark 
and Germany with her, giving song- 
recitals. He has composed over 300 
songs. In 1904 he and his wife had 
the honour of performing some of the 
songs before Her Majesty Queen 
Alexandra, at Buckingham Palace, 
and in 1905 he gave recitals of his own 
compositions at Dresden. In 1906 
he gave a series of seven recitals at the 
Bechstein Hall, London, the pro- 
grammes of which were exclusively 
devoted to the songs of his own com- 
position, sung by Mrs. Mallinson and 
Miss Ada Crossley. From 1898 to 1903 
Mr. Mallinson held the post of private 
organist to Viscount Portman. A series 
of organ recitals given by him, on the 
beautiful Cavaille-Col organ in Jesus 
Church, Copenhagen, aroused excep- 
tional interest among musicians in 
that city. Since 1904, he has resided 
at Dresden, where he acts as organist 
at the English Church. He is an 
admirable accompanist, and visits 
London every year to give a series of 
song-recitals together with his wife, 
which are among the principal events 
of the musical season. His publishers 
are The Frederick Harris Company, 





London, Boosey and Company, 
London, and Wilhelm Hansen, Copen- 
hagen and Leipzig. Agent (for private 
engagements) : Ashton's Royal Agency 
38 Old Bond Street, London, W. 
Permanent address : 24 Uhland Strasse, 

MALLINSON, Anna (Mrs. Albert 
Mallinson), soprano ; formerly well- 
known as Anna Steinhauer ; b. Copen- 
hagen ; d. of the ethnographer, Carl 
Steinhauer ; m. 1903 to Albert Mallin- 
son, the song-composer ; studied under 
Bendix of Copenhagen, and Isidor 
Dannstrom in Stockholm ; has sung 
at concerts of most of the principal 
musical societies of Denmark and 
Australasia ; after her singing of the 
soprano-solo part in the performance 
of Beethoven's " Missa Solennis " in 
Copenhagen, she was chosen to repre- 
sent her country at the Scandinavian 
Festival held in Stockholm. She has 
toured Denmark, Sweden, Germany, 
Australia and New Zealand. Has sung 
before the late King and Queen of 
Denmark, and Queen Alexandra. Has 
given recitals in London with her 
husband, and also with Madame Ada 
Crossley. Address: 24 Uhland 
Strasse, Dresden. 

MANCINELLI, Signer, conductor 
and composer ; for several years occu- 
pied the position of principal con- 
ductor at the Royal Italian Opera at 
Covent Garden; is also a composer 
of considerable eminence, his works 
comprising " Ero e Leandro," produced 
at Covent Garden ; " Isora de Prov- 
enza," and several oratorios produced 
at various musical festivals in the 
provinces ; resigned post of conductor 
at Covent Garden, 1905. 

MANDEVILLE, Alice, contralto ; 
b. London, sister of the artist, Mary 
F. Raphael; studied singing under 
Signer Tosti, Madame Landi and 
Madame Lumbroso ; first appeared 
Queen's Hall, Jan., 1904 ; her engage- 
ments include Bournemouth Sym- 
phony Concerts ; Liverpool Symphony 
Concerts ; Norwich Philharmonic Con- 
cert ; Chappell Ballad Concerts ; Patti 
Concert, 1905; Crystal Palace Con- 
certs, etc. ; has given several recitals 

at the Bechstein Hall. Address : 12 
York Gate, Regent's Park, N.W. 
Telephone: 1488 Mayfair. Agent: 
E. L. Robinson, 7 Wigmore Street, W. 

MANfiN, Joan, violinist; 6. Barce- 
lona, 14 March, 1883 ; at the age of 
seven he made very successful tours 
as a piano-playing " Wonder Child/' 
through the whole of Spain, and North, 
Middle, and South America, on several 
occasions making a great sensation 
by conducting orchestral works. At 
the age of thirteen he composed a 
Concerto for the violin, which instru- 
ment attracted him more and more, 
so that at last he dicided to study the 
violin under the direction of a pupil 
of Alard. Then came the time of 
extended concert tours through 
Germany, Russia, and Holland. Some 
of his forty works, among which there 
are two operas, have already been 
produced in Germany with considerable 
success, as, for instance, his symphony, 
" Nova Catalonia," with which he 
made his dSbut as a composer, also a 
Violin Concerto ; and finally the tragic 
opera "Act6," which won a considerable 
success at its production at the Dresden 
Royal Opera House, under the direc- 
tion of Ernst V. Schuch. The pro- 
duction was a great success and 
induced the King of Spain to present 
Manen with the Charles the Third 
Cross. Agent : N. Vert, Ltd., 6 Cork 
Street, W. 

MANLY, Frank, teacher of piano- 
forte, singing and harmony ; b. at 
Islington in 1853 ; e. for the musical 
profession at the R.A.M. under F. .B. 
Jewson (pianoforte), T. A. Wallworth 
(singing), and Steggall and Banister 
(harmony) ; has written pianoforte 
solos and duets, also numerous songs. 
Is an ardent collector of postage 
stamps. Mr. Manly is a professor of 
pianoforte and theory at the G.S.M. 
Address: 8 Fairbridge Road, London, 

MANN, C. H. Adolph, accompanist, 
teacher and composer; b. East- 
bourne, 1 May, 1874, s. of J. F. 
Mann ; m. Emmi Bombach (violinist) ; 
e. at Waverley House, Eastbourne; 
studied under Mr. Charles Williams in 





London and afterwards under Dr. 
Otto Neitzel at Cologne; made his 
London dibut at his own pianoforte 
recital in 1902, and has since appeared 
at leading concerts in London and 
the provinces. His compositions com- 
prise a Sonata for violin and piano- 
forte, "Gondoliera" for two violins and 
pianoforte and a number of songs. 
Recreation : Walking. Address : 2 
Lawrence Mansions, Cheyne Walk, 
S.W. Telephone: 1614 Western. 

MANNERS, Charles (Southcote 
Mansergh), operatic bass and 
manager ; b. Blockhouse Fort, 1858 ; 
s. of the late Colonel John Craven 
Mansergh, R.H.A., J.P. for Cork and 
Tipperary, by his second wife, Miss 
Campbell, d. of the late Major Camp- 
bell of the 74th Highland Regiment ; 
e. at Hoddesdon Grammar School, 
afterwards studying for the army, 
for which he failed to pass. After 
trying engineering and stockbroking, 
he decided, on the advice of Dr. 
O'Donoghue, a leading teacher of music 
of Dublin, to adopt music as a pro- 
fession. This proved to be his true 
vocation, for he won a scholarship at 
the R.A.M., Dublin, afterwards enter- 
ing the R.A.M., London, and later 
studying in Italy. Commenced his 
career as a chorister in light opera, 
under the banner of D'Oyly Carte. 
His first important success was 
achieved in the part of Private Willis 
in " lolanthe." In 1887 he joined the 
Carl Rosa Company as principal 
bass, and in 1890 was engaged by the 
late Augustus Harris, appearing at 
Covent Garden as Bertram in " Robert 
le Diable," etc., afterwards singing 
in opera at Drury Lane. He made his 
first appearance in America at the 
Seidl Orchestral Concerts, New York, 
Jan., 1893. He toured in opera in South 
Africa with great success in 1896-7. 
Having married Miss Fanny Moody, 
the well-known Cornish soprano, in 
1890, he formed the Moody-Manners 
Opera Company in 1897, and this excel- 
lent organisation has become famous 
throughout the United Kingdom for 
its admirable performances of grand 
opera in English. Mr. Manners has 
also been responsible for a number of 
seasons of English opera in London, 

at Covent Garden and Drury Lane, etc. 
His great ambition has been to estab- 
lish a National English Opera, with 
headquarters in London. Mr. Manners 
has also given valuable prizes for the 
best operas composed by a British 
subject. Address : The Hyde, Hendon, 
Middlesex. Club : The Green Room. 

MANNS, Otto, Jan., musical director 
and composer; b. Dresden, 10 Nov., 
1873, nephew of Sir August Manns ; 
e. at Royal Academy, Dresden; 
composer of " Overture Dramatique " 
(performed by London Philharmonic 
Society at Queen's Hall, under Dr. 
Cowen), etc. Address : 17 Pepys 
Road, New Cross Gate, S.E. 

MAPLESON, Alfred John, music 
librarian; b. in London in 1836, the 
son of James Henry Mapleson and his 
wife, Miss E'. Rum.mi.ns. His brother 
was for thirty years the most famous 
operatic impresario in England and 
America. His son, Lionel Mapleson, is 
the well-known librarian at the Metro- 
politan Opera House, New York. His 
grandsons are but young, yet evince 
musical taste. They complete 200 
years of musical Maplesons from father 
to son. Mr. A. J. Mapleson has 
himself known more or less intimately 
all the most celebrated musicians and 
artistes of his day from Sir Henry 
Bishop to the present time. He was 
librarian at Her Majesty's Theatre 
with Balf e, Costa and Arditi in the days 
of Jenny Lind, Grisi, Tietjens, Giuglini 
and others. He was well known to 
Wallace, Gounod, Macfarren, and a 
host of those whose names have passed 
into history. He played for many years 
at Her Majesty s Theatre, where he 
also held the position of music librarian, 
and has for forty years acted in a like 
capacity to the Philharmonic Society 
and the Birmingham Festival. He has 
the honour of being Secretary to his 
Majesty's private band, as he also 
held the same office in the household 
of Queen Victoria and King Edward. 
He has an enormous collection of play- 
bills and interesting musical miscella- 
nies. He is a man of many hobbies, 
and was a keen photographer fifty 
years ago when the art was just in its 





infancy. Address : 65 Bartholomew 
Road, Camden Town, N.W., and 60 
Haymarket, S.W. 

MARCHESI, Blanche (Baroness A. 
Caccamisi), operatic soprano, and 
teacher of singing ; b. in Paris ; the 
daughter of Salvatore and Mathilde 
Castrone (Mme. Marchesi) ; e. at 
Vienna, Frankfort, and Paris, and 
made her first professional appearance 
in Berlin in 1895 as a concert singer. 
Madame Blanche Marchesi has toured 
extensively in the United Kingdom 
and in Europe. She has sung in opera 
at Covent Garden, Prague, Brussels, 
and elsewhere ; has appeared before 
the Courts of Queen Victoria (from 
whom she received two decorations), 
Queen Alexandra, the Emperor of 
Germany, the Court of Brussels, etc., 
etc. She has been painted by Sargent, 
Shannon, and other well-known artists. 
Her hobbies are knitting and swimming, 
and she writes dramas and plays the 
violin. She has a fine collection of 
modern pictures and old furniture. 
She has the largest private academy of 
singing in London, and her pupils are 
singing all over the world. Her greatest 

Eleasure she derives from her newly- 
uilt cottage in Buckinghamshire. 
Address : 16 Greville Place, Kil- 
burn Priory, N.W. Telephone : 3814 

MARCHESI, Mathilde (nee Grau- 
mann), vocalist and teacher of singing ; 
b. 20 Mar., 1826 at Frankfort-on-Maine ; 
one of the most famous trainers of 
famous singers. Has numbered among 
her pupils some of the foremost prime 
donne of her generation, among the 
most celebrated being her grand- 
daughter Blanche, Melba, Calve, Eames, 
Etelka, Gerster, Sybil Sanderson, and 
about forty stars of the first magnitude. 
She was persuaded to adopt music as a 
profession by Mendelssohn, and stu- 
died in London under Manuel Garcia. 
She made her debut as a concert singer 
in London as long ago as 1849, and it 
was in London, in 1852, that she met 
and married the Marchese della Rajata 
Castrone, a political Italian refugee, 
who had adopted the nom de Mdtre 
of S. Marchesi, and was well known 
as an operatic baritone. Madame 

Marchesi herself had relatives of dis- 
tinction, among them Baron Hauss- 
mann, the famous prefect of the 
Seine who rebuilt Paris under Napoleon 
III. Orders and decorations : Golden 
Cross of Merit with the Crown (Empe- 
ror of Austria) ; Gold Medals for Arts 
and Sciences (King of Italy, Emperor 
Wilhelm of Prussia, King of Saxony, 
King Edward, and Queen Alexandra), 
etc., etc. Mme. Marchesi now resides 
in London, where she has united her 
school to the singing academy of her 
daughter, Blanche Marchesi. Address : 
16 Greville Place, Kilburn Priory, 
N.W. Telephone : 3814 Paddington. 

MARCOUX, Vanni, bass-baritone; 
b. Turin ; e. at Turin and Paris Con- 
servatoire. Studied lor the Bar and 
later on for the stage. Began his 
career in 1889 at Bayonne as Frre 
Laurent and at the Nice Casino where 
he sang in " La Boheme," and at La 
Monnaie, Brussels, in Boito's " Mefis- 
tofele " and " Tosca." In Sept., 1909, 
made his first appearance at the Grand 
Opera Paris, when he created the 
rdle of Colonna in " Monna Vanna," 
and also sang title-rdk in " Don 
Quichotte." Has sung for several 
seasons at Covent Garden, and is well 
known at the Continental Opera 
houses. Has won distinction in rdles 
of Marcel in "Les Huguenots" "Meph- 
istophele," King Arkel in " Pelleas " 
and Basilio in " Barbiere." Address : 
c/o Covent Garden Opera House. 

MARGOUES, Yera, pianist; 6. at 
St. Petersburg ; studied at the R.A.M. 
under Oscar Beringer. While there 
gained all the available competitive 
prizes and medals. She then studied 
for a time in Berlin ; her first import- 
ant appearance as a solo pianist was 
at her own recital at the St. James's 
Hall, 29 May, 1899. Later, she gave 
five other recitals at the same hall; 
appeared at the Saturday and Monday 
Popular Concerts, at the Queen's Hall 
Orchestral Concerts and elsewhere, and 
after successfully touring as sole 
pianist with Madame Patti, gave two 
recitals at the Bechstein Saal, in 
Berlin, and fulfilled numerous other 
engagements in Germany. On her 
return to England, she appeared at 





the Paterson Orchestral Concerts in 
Dundee and Glasgow, and at most of 
the other important provincial musical 
societies. In the following year she 
was engaged as solo pianist on Madame 
Patti's farewell tour in the United 
States, and on her return gave an 
orchestral concert at Queen's Hall, 
conducted by SafonoS. Afterwards, 
she toured the English provinces with 
Madame Albani, and then gave a series 
of recitals in Paris. Address : c/o 
Messrs. Steinway & Sons, Steinway 
Hall, London. 

MARMONT, Victor, pianist, accom- 
panist and coach ; b. London, 1878 ; 
5. of Mr. Cecil Joseph Marmont ; e. 
at St. Paul's School, and trained for 
the musical profession under the late 
Henry Leipold and Madame Amina 
Goodwin at the G.S.M. and privately 
both at home and abroad. Made 
his dbut as solo violinist in 1885 
at Chiswick Town Hall. Till 1892 
studied as a violinist, but decided to 
abandon the violin for the piano. 
Has since appeared at all leading 
London and provincial concerts. In 
1905 went for Australian concert tour 
with Miss Parkina under management 
of J. C. Williamson. Also played at 
Covent Garden Promenade Concerts, 
and for Madame Albani's 1908 tours ; 
made two tours with Maurice Farkoa 
in Russia, 1910 and 1911; was Mr. 
John MacCormack's exclusive accom- 
panist for over a year, and now ex- 
clusively accompanies Miss Ruth 
Vincent; has given concerts at the 
Wharncliffe Rooms, Steinway Hall, 
and various provincial halls, and most 
of the leading artistes have at one time 
or another appeared at these functions. 
Mr. Marmont is unmarried, and is 
fond of golf, tennis, and walking. 
Address : 4 St. Alban's Place, Regent 
Street, S.W. Telephone: No. 3763 
Gerrard, and 343 City. Telegraphic 
Address : c/o Burnished, London. 

MARSH, Ethel, violinist ; b. Yeovil, 
Somerset; d. of William Marsh, 
solicitor; e. at R.A.M., under Emile 
Sauret, and at Brussels Conservatoire ; 
first appeared on tour with Madame 
Alice Esty; has appeared as solo 
violinist at Queen's Hall, St. James's 

Hall, Albert Hall, and in most of the 
large provincial towns, and given her 
own recitals both in London and the 
provinces ; elected A.R.A.M. in 1903 ; 
played by command before the present 
King and Queen when Prince and 
Princess of Wales in 1904. Recrea- 
tions : Tennis and all outdoor pursuits. 
Address: 56 Ladbroke Road, W. ; 
and Old Sarum House, Yeovil, Som- 
erset. Club : Concert-Goers. Agents : 
Ibbs & Tillett, 19 Hanover Square, 

MARTIN, Sir George Clement, 

organist and composer ; b. Lambourn, 
Berks, 11 Sept., 1844; studied music 
and the organ under Sir John Stainer 
and J. Pearson ; graduated Mus.Bac. 
Oxon, 1868; F.R.C.O., 1875; Mus. 
Doc. Cantuar., 1883; Hon. R.A.M., 
1895 ; Mus.Doc. (Oxon), honoris causd 
1912; organist Lambourn, 1869; 
private organist to the Duke of 
Buccleuch, Dalkeith, 1871 ; Master 
of Song at the Choir School, St. Paul's 
Cathedral, 1874; Sub-Organist St. 
Paul's Cathedral, 1876. Was appointed 
organist of St. Paul's on the retirement 
of Sir John Stainer, 1888; was ap- 
pointed Professor of the Organ at the 
R.C.M. in 1883, and at R.A.M. in 1895 ; 
has written a quantity of music, 
chiefly for the services of the Church. 
Edited a series of Organ Arrange- 
ments for Novello. Author of " The 
Art of Training Choir Boys " (No- 
vello's Primers). Was knighted in 
1897, having conducted the Diamond 
Jubilee Service at St. Paul's, for which 
he composed a special Te Deum. Is 
a Member of the Victorian Order. 
Address: 4 Amen Court, St. Paul's 
Cathedral. Telegraphic address : 
Martin, "St. Paul's." Club : Con- 

MARTIN, Riecardo, operatic tenor ; 
b. HopkinsviUe, Kentucky, U.S.A., 
in 1878. When he was fifteen he studied 
composition at Columbia College under 
the late Edward McDowell. He then 
went to Berlin and became a pupil 
of Bernhard Irrgang, then to Naples, 
where he studied with Carelli, always 
with the fixed determination of becom- 
ing a public singer. For a time, however, 
he found it necessary to teach singing 





in New York, an occupation by no 
means to his taste. He eventually 
returned to Europe, placed himself 
under Sbriglia, and became a friend 
of Enrico Caruso, to whose masterly 
singing he confesses his indebtedness 
in his art. He made his debut at Nantes 
in " Faust " in 1904, thence went to 
Italy, where, at Verona, he sang 
Giordano's " Andrea Chenier " nine- 
teen times in a month. He was invited 
to perform the same rdle at the Dal 
Verme, at Milan, and shortly after 
went home to America. He made his 
American cUbut as Canio in " Pagliacci " 
in New Orleans in the 1906-7 season, 
under the management of Henry 
Russell. This led to an engagement 
with Mr. Conried at the Metropolitan 
Theatre, where he sang Faust in 
Boito's " Mefistofele," and later Mr. 
Martin visited Florence to be coached 
by Vincenzo Lombardi, to whose 
tuition he generously attributes much 
of his recent success at Covent Garden, 
where he made his debut in 1910. 
Address : c/o Covent Garden Opera 

MARTINELLI, Giovanni, operatic 
tenor ; b. near Venice in 1887 ; as a 
boy he taught himself to play and sing 
and found employment in one or two 
small operatic companies, and played 
the clarinet in an Italian regimental 
band. Later he attracted the notice of 
Signor Poli, a well-known impresario, 
who sent him to study under the best 
masters in Milan, where he afterwards 
made his debut. He has since appeared 
at all the leading opera houses in Italy ; 
Puccini heard him in Rome and 
engaged him to play Dick Johnson in 
the " Girl of the Golden West," a rdle 
in which he was heard at Covent 
Garden in 1912 ; he has also appeared 
there in the " Jewels of the Madonna " 
and other rdles. Address : c/o Covent 
Garden Theatre, W.C. 

MARWOOD, Winifred (Mrs. Monta- 
gue Borwell), soprano ; b. Leicester ; 
d. of David Marwood, art master ; 
prepared for the musical profession 
at R.C.M., and at the G.S.M., under 
Signor Visetti, Mr. Fred Walker, and 
subsequently with her husband. Has 
fulfilled engagements at the Queen's 

Hall Promenade Concerts, Crystal 
Palace, Alexandra Palace, Royal Albert 
Hall, and principal London and 
provincial concerts. Her favourite 
occupation is singing in oratorio. 
Address: " Bonville," 124 Walm 
Lane, Cricklewood, N.W. Telephone : 
415 Willesden. Telegraphic Address : 
Soloist, London. 

MASCAGNI, Pietro, composer; b. 
Leghorn, 1863 ; e. Milan Conservatoire ; 
his principal compositions are "Cav- 
alleria Rusticana, 1890 ; " L'Amico 
Fritz," 1891 ; " Les Rantzau," 1893 ; 
"Ratcliff," 1895; "Iris/ 1 1898. Ad- 
dress : Messrs. Ricordi and Co., 265 
Regent Street, W. 

MASON, Edward, 'cellist and con- 
ductor ; b. Coventry, 24 June, 1878 ; 
e. privately at Coventry and afterwards 
in Germany ; m. Miss Jessie Grimson 
(violinist) ; prepared for the musical 
profession at the R.C.M., studied under 
W. E. Whitehouse for violoncello 
and under the late James Higgs, 
Dr. Charles Wood and Dr. Walford 
Davies for harmony and counterpoint ; 
made his first public appearance at 
the age of twelve as a violinist and his 
first bow to a London audience in 1900 
at Bechstein Hall as a 'cellist ; con- 
ducted the New Symphony Orchestra 
on the occasion of their first appearance 
at Queen's Hall in 1906, and has since 
figured in the programmes of most of 
the London and Provincial Chamber 
concerts. Mr. Mason is a teacher of 
Music at Eton College, conductor of 
the Edward Mason Choir, Member of 
the Grimson String Quartette and 
principal 'cello of the New Symphony 
Orchestra. Recreations : Swimming, 
tennis and walking. Address : 17 
Arundel Gardens, Kensington, W. 
Telephone : 4420 Western. 

MASTERS, Samuel, tenor; e. at 
the G.S.M. In Oct. of 1902 appeared 
at the Belfast Philharmonic Society, 
singing " Walthers Preislied " from 
" The Meistersinger," and " Onaway, 
Awake, Beloved " (Hiawatha). Later 
in title same year Mr. Masters sang the 
tenor music of the " Messiah " at the 
Sheffield Choral Union and the Dundee 
Choral Union. His repertoire includes 





the tenor music of the standard Ora- 
torios, the " Golden Legend/' " Hia- 
watha," and other works. Mr. Masters 
has also appeared at many of the 
principal Ballad Concerts in London 
and the provincial cities. Mr. Masters 
has been engaged for the Grand 
Festival Tour in South Africa this year 
(1913), and returns to London about 
the second week in August. Address : 
10A Claremont Road, Surbiton. 
Telephone : 613 P.O. Kingston. 

MATT, Albert E., composer and 
trombone player ; b. at Ipswich, 
Suffolk, 20 June, 1864; the brother 
of Mr. John Matt ; a chorister at St. 
Mary-le-Tower, Ipswich, and educated 
for the musical profession by his 
brother. Began his professional career 
as a member of Covent Garden Orches- 
tra in 1881 ; professor of trombone at 
the R.A.M. and Kneller Hall ; com- 
poser of several orchestral suites 
(Hawkes & Son) ; is a member of the 
Philharmonic Society. Address : 45 
Craven Park, Harlesden, N.W. 

MATTEI, Tito, composer and pianist ; 
b. Campobasso, near Naples, 24 May, 
1841 ; s. of Alfonso Mattel, avocat, and 
his wife Luisa Allocati ; e. at Naples, 
studying the piano and composition 
under tie great Thalberg and others ; 
first appeared in public at Naples, 
when only five years old, as solo pianist; 
at the age of eleven he was appointed 
professor of the Santa Cecilia Academy 
in Rome, and a member of the leading 
musical societies of Florence and Turin ; 
made several tours in Italy as a child 
pianist with great success, afterwards 
visiting France and England, playing 
at Ella's Musical Union (Willis's 
Rooms), and afterwards in conjunction 
with Bazzini, Piatti and Bottesini; 
he returned to Italy in 1853, and oa 
visiting Rome played before Pope 
Pius IX, who personally presented 
hiTn with a gold medal ; after devoting 
himself to the study of harmony and 
composition, he again toured as a 
pianist, visiting France and Germany, 
and finally coming to England and 
settling in London in 1863 ; he gave 
successful concerts all over Great 
Britain, and became well known as a 
popular writer of songs, some of which 

have achieved extraordinary popu- 
larity ; has directed opera at the old 
Her Majesty's Theatre, in the Hay- 
market, the Lyceum, the old Queen's, 
etc. ; composed and conducted the 
grand opera " Maria di Gaud," at Her 
Majesty's Theatre, and the comic 
opera, " The Prima Donna," played 
at the Avenue some years ago. Amongst 
his most popular compositions are the 
songs, " Non e Ver," " Dear Heart," 
" Oh, ho, hear the Wild Winds Blow," 
and "Mattei's Grand Valse," many 
hundreds of thousands of which have 
been sold, and of which the copyrights 
are still valuable. Is a Chevalier of 
SS. Maurizio and Lazzero and pianist 
to the King of Italy. Address : 80 
Baker Street, Portman Square, W. 

MATTHAY, Tobias Augustus, pianist 
and teacher ; b. London, 19 Feb., 1858, 
of German parents. After some years of 
private study, under various teachers, 
he became a student at the R.A.M. 
in 1871, where he soon distinguished 
himself, under Dorrell and Macfarren, 
for piano ; and Sterndale Bennett, 
Prout and Sullivan for composition. 
He served in turn as a sub-professor 
of piano and harmony from 1876, 
and was placed on the staff as piano- 
teacher in 1880. In the same year he 
gave his first public concert, and from 
then until 1895 did a good deal of 
public playing, giving many recitals 
in London and the provinces. In the 
meantime he was constantly at work 
on compositions of various kinds. A 
list of these includes several "sym- 
phonic overtures," and smaller works 
for orchestra; two piano concert 
pieces, quartettes for piano and 
strings, and other chamber works, a 
considerable number of songs, and 
some eighty works for piano solo. 
Amongst the latter the best known 
are " Elves," " Monoth&oaes," " Love 
Phases," "Moods of a Moment," 
' ' Lyrics," etc. Public playing, however, 
he gradually discontinued after the 
year 1895. Mr. Matthay has founded 
a pianoforte-teaching school in London, 
with eighteen senior professors of his 
own training to enable a large number 
of students to receive instruction under 
his personal supervision. The most 
famous of his pupils are York Bowen, 





Geo. Aitken, Amy Crimson, Myra Hess, 
Gertrude Peppercorn, and Irene 
Scharrer. The result of his researches 
on the problems of piano-teaching and 
technique were made public in 1903 in 
his work, " The Art of Touch " (an 
analysis and synthesis of piano tech- 
nique). The " First Principles of Piano 
Playing," published more recently, 
gives the main facts of these teachings 
in a form sufficiently concise to be 
suitable for school students, and an 
amplifying work, " Relaxation Exer- 
cises," and other works on piano- 
playing and interpretation appeared 
later. Address: 86 Wimpole Street, 

MAUNDER, J. H., composer, conduc- 
tor and organist ; received his musical 
education at the R.A.M. ; was special 
accompanist to the late Sims Reeves 
and choir-trainer to the late Sir Henry 
Irving at the Lyceum Theatre ; has 
held appointments as organist and 
choirmaster at St. Paul's, Forest 
Hill ; St. Matthew's, Sydenham ; St. 
Michael's, Blackheath, and other 
churches ; his principal compositions 
include the following cantatas : " Peni- 
tence, Pardon, and Peace," "Olivet 
to Calvary," " The Song of Thanks- 
giving," "Bethlehem," and "The 
Martyrs " ; also a comic opera, " The 
Superior Sex," and a quantity of 
anthems, church services, part-songs, 
etc. Address : Savage Club, Adelphi, 

MAUBEL, Victor, operatic baritone ; 
b. Marseilles, 1848 ; e. at Conservatoire, 
Marseilles, then at the Conservatoire, 
Paris, under Faure, obtaining first 
prize for opera, 1867 ; made debut at 
Grand Opera, 1868; appeared at La 
Scala, Milan, in 1869; then sang at 
New York, Cairo, St. Petersburg, 
Moscow, and London; returned to 
Paris and reappeared at Opera as 
Hamlet, 1879, and created Radames 
in " Aida " in 1880 ; next made Span- 
ish tour, and afterwards became 
director of the Theatre Italien in 1883 ; 
in 1885 made first appearance at the 
Opera Comique, singing many leading 
rdles; after another lengthened tour 
abroad, he returned to Paris to create 
Falstaff at the Opera Comique, and 

lago in "Othello" at the Opera; 
is one of the finest dramatic singers in 
existence ; has made frequent appear- 
ances at the Royal Italian Opera, 
Covent Garden, and given vocal recitals 
at the leading London Concert Halls, 
but now devotes himself wholly to 
teaching. Address: 11 Avenue 
Bugeaud, Paris. 

MAYBRICK, Michael (Stephen 
Adams), composer and baritone singer; 
b. in Liverpool about 1845 ; e. Liver- 
pool, Milan, and Leipzig; as a singer 
he appeared at all the leading London 
and provincial concerts, and as a 
composer has gained great popularity 
by his long series of well-known songs 
published under the name of Stephen 
Adams, including "Nancy Lee," 
" Midshipmite," "(Alsatian Mountains," 
" Star of Bethlehem," " Little Hero," 
" The Holy City," " A Warrior Bold," 
etc., etc. Address : 295 Regent Street, 
W., and Ryde, Isle of Wight. Club : 

MAYNABB, Amy, contralto; 6. 
Blackheath; d. of a South African 
merchant of Scotch origin ; e. privately 
at Blackheath ; prepared for the mus- 
ical profession at the Conservatoire, 
Blackheath, where she won two 
scholarships, one for the pianoforte 
and the other for singing ; received her 
first singing lessons from Miss Frances 
Ashton, a favourite pupil of Manuel 
Garcia, afterwards studied under Mr. 
Holland, and had lessons in operatic 
singing from Signer Franco Leoni ; 
first appeared at the Steinway Hall 
and Small Queen's Hall at her own 
recitals in 1902; since then she has 
given other successful recitals, has 
sung for the Gloucester Choral Society, 
Stroud Choral and Orchestral Society, 
at the Cheltenham Festival, Royal 
Albert Hall, Steinway Hall, and at 
principal concerts all over the United 
Kingdom. In 1905 toured with 
Madame Ella Russell through Wales 
and the north of England. Has com- 
posed several songs, some of which 
she has sung herself in public. Her 
favourite works are "Elijah" and 
" Gerontius." Agent : Miss Alice 





MEGGY, Myrtle, solo pianist; b. 
Sydney, Australia, 7 Jan., 1887; 
d. of Percy Robert Meggy and his 
wife Myrtle Boone ; from the age of 
four she was taught by her father, and 
when nine years old continued her 
studies with the late Mr. Sydney Moss 
in Sydney until 1902, when an influen- 
tial committee was formed to send her 
to London in order to study with Miss 
Mathilde Verne. Made her first public 
appearance at Sydney when twelve 
years old, and was first heard in London 
at the ^Eolian Hall in 1905 ; since then 
she has given recitals at Bechstein 
and JEolian Halls, and has appeared 
at Queen's Hall Promenade Concerts, 
ChappeU Ballad Concerts, etc.; has 
toured the English provinces with 
Alice Verlet and has also toured in 
Canada and in Newfoundland ; she 
made an extensive tour with Madame 
Albani through Australia, India, New 
Zealand, Tasmania, and Ceylon. 
Hobby: Writing. Address: 11 
Trebovir Road, Earls Court, S.W. 

MELBA, MADAME Nellie (Helen 
Porter Mitchell) ; 6. in Melbourne, 
Australia. The daughter of a Scotch 
colonist, she displayed strongly 
musical tendencies at an early age; 
she was barely three years old when 
her mother who was of Spanish 
origin commenced to teach her the 
piano, and at the age of six she made 
her first appearance as a vocalist at 
a concert in aid of the Presbyterian 
Church in the suburb of Richmond, 
near Melbourne, singing two little 
ballads to her own accompaniment. 
At the age of ten she was placed under 
two local teachers, M. Julius Buddee 
and M. Guenett, with whom she 
remained four years, after which she 
received lessons on the piano from 
Madame Charbonnet Kellermann, and 
on the organ from Mr. Summers. 
Her voice already gave indications 
of the purity and flexibility which were 
subsequently to make her famous, 
and, as her ordinary education was 
proceeding at the Presbyterian Ladies' 
College of Melbourne, she received 
useful vocal training from some of 
the professors of the College. She 
sang in the choir of St. Francis's 
Cathedral, Melbourne, and took part 

in concerts at the Melbourne Town 
Hall under her married name of 
Armstrong, for she had married at 
an early age Captain Armstrong, the 
younger son of an Irish baronet. In 
1884 she sang at a concert given by 
the Melbourne Liedertafel, and so 
great was her success and so enthu- 
siastic the encomiums of competent 
critics that she conceived the idea of 
an operatic career in Europe. Accord- 
ingly, she came to England in 1882 
with a letter of introduction to Wilhelm 
Ganz, who, on hearing her sing, ar- 
ranged for her first public appearance 
in this country at a concert given by 
Emil Bach at the Princes' Hall, Mr. 
Ganz himself conducting the orchestra. 
About this time her father, Mr. David 
Mitchell, was appointed a Commis- 
sioner to the Paris Exhibition, and he 
took his daughter with him to Paris, 
where she placed herself under the care 
of that famous trainer of the voice, 
Madame Mathilde Marchesi. After 
studying some of the great operatic 
rdles for a period of about a year, she 
made her debut on the lyric stage at 
the Theatre de la Monnaie, Brussels, 
as Gilda in "Rigoletto," assuming 
the nom de Mdtre of Melba. Her 
success was as brilliant as it was 
instantaneous. She also appeared as 
Lakme, Violetta, Ophelie, and Lucie. 
The same season Sir Augustus Harris 
engaged her for the Royal Italian 
Opera at Covent Garden, and in 1888 
she made her first appearance on the 
London operatic stage as the heroine in 
" Lucia OJL Lammermoor " with enor- 
mous success. It is interesting to note 
the fact that the parts of Gilda and 
Lucia are still among the most popular 
in her repertoire. In the same year 
she was re-engaged for the opera at 
Brussels, after which she returned 
to Paris, where she studied the rdle 
of the heroine of Ambroise Thomas's 
opera " Hamlet," in which she made 
her first appearance on the French 
stage at the Grand Opera. This per- 
formance obtained for her the signal 
approval of the critics, who were 
enthusiastic in her praise. She next 
studied the rdle of the heroine in 
Gounod's " Romeo et Juliette " under 
the composer, and appeared in this 
opera at Covent Garden with Jean 





de Reszke in his favourite part of 
Romeo in June, 1889, honours being 
fairly divided. In the winter of the 
same year she returned to Paris, 
where she was the favourite prima 
donna of the season, and sang in 
several representations as Marguerite, 
Juliette, Ophelie, Lucia, and Gilda. 
She also sang with equal success in 
Russia, Sweden, Italy, and Holland, 
several times appearing by royal 
command before the various crowned 
heads of Europe, and she has been 
the recipient of numerous decorations, 
distinctions and gifts from the sove- 
reigns and great personages before 
whom she has sung. But her greatest 
triumph was achieved on her return 
to her own country in 1903, when she 
was feted by the Government and 
people as if she had been a queen. 
She was publicly received in the 
colonies by the various heads of the 
Colonial Governments, Members of 
Parliament, Mayors and Corporations, 
and entertained at luncheons, dinners, 
banquets and f&tes innumerable, and 
she sang to immense and delighted 
audiences all over Australia, including 
the newly-discovered Coolgardie Gold- 
fields, where the miners gave her a 
typical welcome. For years past she 
has been the prima donna assoluta 
at the Royal Opera, Covent Garden, 
and in such parts as Gilda, Lucia, 
Juliette, and her favourite rdle of 
Mimi in " La Boheme," she remains 
unsurpassed. Address : 91 Avenue 
Henri Martin, Paris. 

MELTZER, Charles Henry, musical 
and dramatic critic ; b. London ; was 
for some years Paris correspondent of 
the Chicago Tribune, and also of the 
New York Herald; went to New 
York in 1888, and acted as dramatic 
critic for the New York Herald until 
1892 ; subsequently performed similar 
duties for the New York World from 
1893 to 1896 ; was for some years also 
New York correspondent for the Daily 
Chronicle ; has written or adapted the 
following among other plays : " The 
Story of Rodion the Student" (from 
the Russian), "Hannele" (Haupt- 
mann), " Madame Sans-G6ne " (Sardou 
and Moreau), " The Woman of Aries " 
(Daudet's " L'Arlesienne "), " Manon 

Lescaut" (Prevost), "The Sunken 
Bell " (Hauptmann), " The Queen's 
Necklace " (Decourcelles), " More than 
Queen " (Bergerat, adapted in colla- 
boration with C. F. Nirdlinger), 
" Salome," " His Honor the Mayor " 
(in collaboration with A. E. Lancaster), 
" The First Duchess of Marlborough," 
and " Five Hundred Years Ago " ; 
for four years he acted as secretary to 
the late Heinrich Conned, operatic 
impresario, at the Metropolitan Opera 
House, New York, the engagement 
terminating at the end of Aug., 1907 ; 
resumed journalistic work as critic for 
the New York American. Address: 476 
Central Park West, New York City. 

MELVILLE, Marguerite, pianist ; 
studied in Berlin under Mme. Jedliczka 
and later in Vienna under Professor 
Leschetitzky ; gave an orchestral con- 
cert at Queen's Hall on 8 Nov., 1911, 
besides appearing at the Promenade 
Concerts on several occasions ; she 
is well known on the continent, having 
played at Cracow, Lemberg, Warsaw, 
Stockholm, etc., etc. Miss Melville 
is one of the most distinguished of 
the teachers in Vienna who prepare 
pupils of Professor Leschetizky. 

MENGELBEEG, Willem, conductor ; 
b. Utrecht, 28 Mar., 1871 ; s. of 
Frederick Willem Mengelberg, a well- 
known authority on Gothic Architec- 
ture ; began his musical studies at the 
Utrecht School of Music and continued 
them under Wullner and Jensen at 
the Cologne Conservatoire. In 1892 
he was appointed Director of Music 
at Lucerne, thereby giving up his 
original idea of becoming a solo 
pianist; in 1895 he was appointed 
conductor of the Cpncertgebouw at 
Amsterdam, the position he still holds ; 
is also the conductor of the Toonkunst 
Concerts of Amsterdam and of the 
Museum and St. Cecilia Concerts of 
Frankfort-on-Maine, besides appearing 
every year in Italy and Russia. He 
first visited England in 1903 and has 
since appeared at many leading 
orchestral concerts, notably those of 
the Philharmonic Society; he con- 
ducted at the Albert Hall on the 
occasion of the " Titanic " Concert in 
1912. Address : Amsterdam. 





MEREDITH, Nora (family name 
Meredith- Jones), soprano ; 6. Man- 
chester, 1881 ; niece of the late 
Bishop Lloyd, of Bangor, and of Dr. 
Emrys- Jones, J.P., oculist, of Man- 
chester; e. at Manchester and in 
Switzerland ; studied singing with 
Madame Blanche Marchesi ; first 
appeared at Bechstein Hall, June, 
1901 ; her principal engagements 
include Queen's Hall Promenade 
Concerts ; Hall6 Concerts, Manchester ; 
Hull Philharmonic; National Welsh 
Eisteddfod ; Clara Butt Concert, Don- 
caster ; has given recitals in London, 
Liverpool and Manchester each season. 
Recreations : Literature and walking. 
Address: 14 Porchester Gardens, 
Bayswater, W. 

MESSAGEB, Andr6 Charles Prosper ; 

b. Montlucon, France, 30 Dec., 1853 ; 
e. Paris under Saint-Saens. His first 
composition appeared in 1883. Since 
then has composed many charming 
light operas, notably the " Basoche," 
" Madame ChrysanthSme," " Mirette," 
Savoy Theatre, London, 1894 ; " Les 
Petites Michus," " Veronique," " For- 
tunis," and "Les Deux Hgeons " 
(baUet). " Les Petites Michus " and 
" Veronique " were transferred to the 
London stage with great success. Mons. 
Messager has been conductor of Paris 
Opera Comique, and Director of the 
Royal Opera, Covent Garden, and he 
is now filling the same position at the 
Grand Opera, Paris. Address : Grand 
Opera, Paris. 

METCALFE, Smallwood, vocalist 
and teacher of singing; b. Kendal, 
Westmoreland, in 1868; s. of John 
Sykes Metcalfe ; e. at Friends' School, 
Kendal, and prepared for the musical 
profession by William Smallwood, at 
Kendal, and later at the R.C.M. ; made 
his d&bttt in " Figaro " at the Royalty 
Theatre, London, in 1892, and has 
since been heard at numerous con- 
certs of importance, notably at the 
Queen's Hall Promenades in 1904-5-6. 
For fifteen years he directed a choir at 
Eastbourne, and gave concerts known 
as the Smallwood Metcalfe Concerts ; 
Sir Henry Wood being present at one 
of these, at once appointed Mr. Small- 
wood Metcalfe as chorus-master for 

Queen's Hall, Nottingham, and Wolver- 
hampton. He organised and trained 
a choir of a thousand voices for the 
opening of the White City, from which 
he formed later the " Smallwood 
Metcalfe Choir " (unaccompanied), 
which (under his direction) has given 
subscription concerts in London for 
the past five years. Recreations : Golf, 
cricket, tennis, and billiards. Clubs : 
Devonshire, Eastbourne ; and Den- 
ham Golf. Address : 22 Manor House, 
Marylebone, W. Telephone: 717 

MILES, R. E., basso-cantante and 
teacher; b. at Rochester, Kent, 24 
May, 1857; s. of William Miles, a 
famous lay-clerk and Dean's verger of 
Rochester Cathedral, immortalised by 
Dickens as " Mr. Tope " in " Edwin 
Drood"; e. at the Cathedral Choir 
School, and at the R.A.M. under 
Randegger, E. Morton and Dr. 
Steggall; took bronze and silver 
medals for singing (1879-1880), and 
was elected A.R.A.M. ; made his 
dffiut in Rochester in 1875 as " Elijah " 
in Mendelssohn's oratorio ; choir- 
master at St. Mark's, Lewisham, 
1881-1897 ; professor of singing at the 
R.A.M., 1886, resigned 1899; ap- 
pointed professor of singing at the 
G.S.M. in 1896 ; Assistant Vicar Cho- 
ral of St. Paul's Cathedral, 1886, and 
Vicar Choral, 1910 ; sang at the Jubilee 
Service in 1887, at Diamond Jubilee 
in 1897, and Coronation Services at 
Westminster in 1902 and 1911. 
Has published numerous songs, among 
them are : " The Language of the 
Heart," " The Voyager," and " May- 
time." Address : St. Paul's Cathedral, 

MILLAR, A* EL, musical critic; b. 
Glasgow, 25 Nov., 1847; studied 
music at Andersonian University, 
Glasgow ; graduated LL.D. ; ap- 
pointed chief librarian, 1908; has 
custody of valuable Wighton Collection 
of Music in Dundee. Holds certificates 
in theory and history of music from 
John Hullah and in composition from 
Sir G. Macfarren. Musical critic of 
Dundee Advertiser from 1886 to 
1908. Address: Rosslyn House, 





MILLAR, Webster, tenor ; b. Man- 
chester, 1874; 5. of William Millar, 
traveller, and grandson of Charles 
Thompson, J.P., one of the founders 
of the United Kingdom Alliance ; 
m. Evelyn Morland Burley, of Mor- 
land, Westmoreland, 1896 ; previously 
occupied as auditor and statistician ; 
received his musical education at the 
Royal Manchester College of Music, 
winning gold medal as best student 
of the year, and being elected an 
Associate ; studied opera with Mon- 
sieur Victor Maurel ; first appeared 
at Richter Concert, Manchester, 1901, 
singing the solo tenor music in Bach's 
Mass in B minor ; his engagements 
include the Westmoreland Festival, 
Norwich Festival, Morecambe Festival, 
Halle Concerts, Sheffield Festival, 
Liverpool Philharmonic, Promenade 
Concerts, Queen's Hall, and all prin- 
cipal concerts in London and the 
provinces. Engaged in principal tenor 
parts for Mr. George Edwards at 
Daly's Theatre since 1910. Address : 
4 Springfield Road, St. John's Wood, 

MILLER, Edith J., contralto; b. 
at Portage la Prairie, near Winnipeg, 
Canada; e. at Presbyterian Ladies' 
College, Toronto ; prepared for the 
musical profession under Signer 
d'Auria at the Toronto Conservatoire 
of Music, carrying off gold medal and 
scholarship ; afterwards under Alberto 
Randegger in London, and Madame 
Mathilde Marchesi in Paris. She 
also received much valuable help in 
preparation from Sir Henry Wood. 
Returning to Toronto she gave her 
first professional concert at the Massey 
Hall, Toronto. Shortly afterwards she 
was offered and accepted the position 
of solo contralto in the choir of St. 
Bartholomew (known as the Vander- 
bilt) Church in New York, subse- 
quently going to the Tomkins Avenue 
Church (the largest Congregational 
church in the world) in the same 
capacity. She gave her first public 
concert in this country in Nov., 1905, 
under the patronage of the present 
King and Queen, then Prince and 
Princess of Wales, Lord and Lady 
Minto, Lord and Lady Aberdeen, etc. 
Since then she has sung at most of the 

leading provincial towns of the United 
Kingdom, and given recitals in London. 
In the summer of 1911 she went to 
Paris to prepare for grand opera with 
M. Jean de Reszke, and will probably 
make her operatic debut in 1913. 
Favourite rdles : Carmen, Dalila, 
Charlotte (in " Werther "), and Am- 
neris (in "Aida"). Agent: E. L. 
Robinson, Wigmore Street, London, W. 

MILLS, Robert Watkin, bass-ban 
tone ; 6. Painswick, Gloucestershire ; 
e. Public Grammar School, Painswick, 
Gloucestershire ; began his musical 
training under Dr. Samuel Sebastian 
Wesley, organist of Gloucester Cathe- 
dral ; later came to London to study 
under Edwin Holland, afterwards 
placing himself under Signer Blasco in 
Milan. Has appeared at all the lead- 
ing concerts and festivals in England, 
gaining particular distinction in ora- 
torio work. Recreation : Golf. Club : 
Savage. Address : Holmecote, Shore- 
ham Beach, Sussex. 

MIRANDA, Mme. Lalla, Soprano, 
b. at Melbourne, Australia ; at the age 
of eighteen she went to Paris, and 
became a pupil of Mile, de Garetti, 
with whom she remained two and 
a half years ; made her operatic debut, 
in 1899, at the historic Theatre 
Monnaie, Brussels. Two years later 
she was heard at Covent Garden, 
having meanwhile sung at the Grand 
Opera at Nice. In 1908 and 1910 
she again appeared at Covent Garden. 
Address : c/o Covent Garden Opera 

BDTTON, Whftworth, tenor; studied 
at the R.A.M. and privately under 
William Shakespeare; has appeared 
at most of the leading London and 
provincial concerts, including the 
Queen's Hall Ballad Concerts, the 
Patti concerts at the Albert Hall, the 
leading musical festivals, and the 
Harrison Concerts on tour, etc., besides 
singing the chief tenor rdles in " Car- 
men," " Cavalleria Rusticana," 
" Faust," and other operas. 

MOFFAT, Alfred, composer, mu- 
sical director and arranger ; b. Edin- 
burgh, 4 Dec., 1866 ; his mother was a 




contralto singer, daughter of John 
Knott, singer and organist of West 
Church, Aberdeen ; e. at Collegiate 
School, Edinburgh ; studied five years 
with Ludwig Bussler in Berlin from 
1884 ; resided ten years in Berlin, work- 
ing for German publishing firms ; his 
first composition was a piano quartet 
in C Minor, performed 15 Nov., 1886, 
at a concert given in Berlin by Jo- 
hannes Doebber, conductor of the 
Royal Opera House, Hanover. Alfred 
Mofiat, whose compositions are very 
numerous, is one of the few British 
musicians who has been regularly 
employed by German firms. His ten 
years in Germany gave him much 
experience in this respect. Recrea- 
tions : Collecting old music books and 
seventeenth and eighteenth century 
violin music, of which he has a good 
collection. Clubs : member of the 
Royal Society of Musicians and the 
Tonal Art Society. Address : 132B 
Elgin Avenue, W. Telephone : 4470 
P.O. Hampstead. 

MOISSEIWITSCH^ Benno, pianist ; 
b. Odessa, 22 Feb., 1890; s. of 
David Leon and his wife Esther 
Miropolsky ; began his education at 
the imperial Musical Academy, Odessa, 
under Professor D. D. Klimoff, winning 
the Rubinstein Stipendiary Prize at 
the age of nine, and later went to 
Vienna to study under Leschetitzky ; 
made his debut at the Town Hall, 
Reading, 1 Oct., 1908, in works by 
Bach, Schumann, Liszt, etc. ; first 
appeared in London at the Queen's 
Hall, Nov., 1909. Has since given over 
forty pianoforte recitals, and has ap- 
peared at many leading symphony con- 
certs including those of the London 
Symphony Orchestra with Arthur 
Nikisch and Sir Edward Elgar, New 
Symphony Orchestra with Landon 
Ronald, the Scottish Orchestra, Wies- 
baden Kurorchestra, etc. Recrea- 
tions : Physical culture, wrestling, 
billiards, chess, and " solving problems 
of Arnold Schonberg." Address : c/o 
Daniel Mayer, Chatham House, George 
Street, Hanover Square, W. Tele- 
phone : 9320 London Wall. 

MONCKTON, Lionel, musical com- 
poser and critic; &, London, 1862; 

e. s. of the late Sir John Monckton, 
Town Clerk of the City of London, 
and of Lady Monckton, retired actress ; 
e. Charterhouse School, and at Oxford ; 
m. Gertie Millar ; was a prominent 
amateur actor at Oxford, where he 
was associated with the Philo-Thespian 
Club and the O.U.D.S. ; his first 
compositions were heard in public 
at the Gaiety and other theatres under 
the management of George Edwardes, 
and he contributed many popular 
songs to " Cinder-Ellen up-too-late," 
"The Shop Girl," "Claude Duval," 
"The Geisha/' "The Greek Slave," 
" San Toy," " The Cingalee," etc. ; 
he was part composer of " The Torea- 
dor," 1901; "The Orchid," 1903; 
" The Spring Chicken," 1905 ; " The 
New Aladdin," 1906 ; " The Girls of 
Gottenberg," 1907 ; " Our Miss Gibbs," 
1909 ; " The Arcadians," 1909 ; " The 
Mousme," 1911; he was the sole 
composer of " The Quaker Girl," 1910. 
Recreation : Motoring. Address : 69 
Russell Square, W.C. Telephone: 
9235 Central. Clubs : Conservative, 
Eccentric, Green Room. 

MONK, Mark James, organist and 
composer ; e. at York Minster, 
graduated Mus.Bac. (Oxon) 1878, Mus. 
Doc. (Oxon) 1888, and F.R.C.O. ; 
was for some time time Assistant 
Organist of York Minster and in 1890 
was appointed Organist and Choir 
Master of Truro Cathedral, a posi- 
tion he still holds ; was conductor 
of Truro Philharmonic Society from 
1890 to 1897; has composed organ 
pieces, songs, services, anthems, etc. 
Address : Pendrea, Truro. 

MONTEM-SMITH, Bessie (n&e 
Stroud), teacher of singing; b. in 
South London, the daughter of Mr. 
Henry Charles Stroud, a bass singer, 
known professionally as Chaplin 
Henry, for many years principal bass 
at the Foundling Hospital; e. at 
Boulogne-sur-Mer and Maida Vale 
College. In 1879 married the late Mr. 
Montem-Smith, a well-known tenor, 
member of the choir of His Majesty's 
Chapels Royal and Westminster Abbey, 
professor at the R.A.M. and the G.S.M.; 
studied with William Sudlow of Liver- 
pool, and later with Charles Lunn, and 





her husband. Madam Montem-Smith 
was in early life trained as a pianiste, 
but eventually became a soprano 
singer in oratdrio and on concert plat- 
forms until her marriage. On her 
husband's death in 1891 she was 
appointed professor at G.S.M. Is an 
Associate of the Philharmonic Society 
and member of the I.S.M. Address : 
Guildhall School of Music, E.G. 

MONTEITH, Zippora, soprano and 
teacher of singing; b. Philadelphia, 
U.S.A. ; d. of James Monteith, solicitor, 
and his wife, Elizabeth Dinsmore ; 
sister of Benjamin Monteith, organist 
and conductor ; m. Percy Fischel, 
1893 ; displayed musical taste at an 
early age ; first appeared in New York 
at the age of ten, singing " Casta Diva " 
from " Norma " ; was principal so- 
prano at Grace Church, the Dutch 
Reformed and other leading churches 
of Brooklyn and New York ; has sung 
with leading societies in the United 
States and the United Kingdom, 
including the Royal Choral Society, 
the Liverpool Philharmonic, Worcester 
Festival (U.S.A.), Cheltenham, 
Gloucester and Exeter Festivals, etc. 
Soon after her marriage she made a 
tour of the Pacific Coast, giving 
chamber concerts and popular concerts 
at Victoria, Vancouver ; Westminster, 
British Columbia. Is now chiefly 
occupied in teaching. Agent : N. 
Vert, Ltd., 6 Cork Street, W. 

MOODY, Fanny, operatic soprano ; 
b. in Redruth, where her father, Mr. 
J. Hawke Moody, was an enthusiastic 
amateur musician. She was one of a 
family of thirteen, and several of her 
sisters (and one, at least, of her bro- 
thers) have distinguished themselves as 
vocalists or instrumentalists, including 
Lily, who is leading contralto in the 
Moody-Manners Opera Company, and 
Hilda, who has created important 
ydles in light opera under Mr. George 
Edwardes. As a child she was trained 
by her sister, and by Mr. M. H. Frost ; 
was sent to London in 1881, and placed 
under the tuition of Madame Sainton 
Dolby. Four years later she made 
her first appearance as a professional 
vocalist at a concert given by the 
late Mr. Sainton, singing the principal 
soprano music in a cantata which 

had been composed by Madame 
Dolby. Her success was considerable, 
and from that time she mainly 
devoted herself to concert singing. 
She was introduced by Lady Morell 
Mackenzie to the late Carl Rosa, 
who offered her a three-years' engage- 
ment, and she made her debut in opera 
at Liverpool in 1887 as Arline in " The 
Bohemian Girl." She made her first 
appearance on the operatic stage in 
London as Michaela in " Carmen," 
achieving instantaneous success. She 
next essayed the part of the heroine 
in " Mignon," said to be her favourite 
rdle, and one which she has played 
with enormous success all over the 
United Kingdom. She continued to 
add most of the leading soprano 
rdles in English opera to her extensive 
repertoire, until in 1890 she sang the 
part of Marguerite in " Faust " under 
the baton of Signer Lago at Covent 
Garden, and secured the unanimous 
and enthusiastic approval both of 
critics and public. Her operatic 
repertoire was still further extended, 
and embraced Alice in "Robert le 
Diable " and the principal female 
rdles in "La Juive," "I Puritani," 
" Masaniello," " H Nozze di Figaro," 
and "L'Etoile du Nord." She has 
since appeared in many of the leading 
Wagnerian rdles, including Elsa in 
" Lohengrin," Elisabeth in " Tann- 
hauser," Senta in " The Flying Dutch- 
man " and Isolde in " Tristan," 
also the principal soprano part in 
Tschaikovsky's " Eugene Onegin," her 
repertoire including about fifty operas 
in all. In 1890 she was married to 
Mr. Southcote Mansergh, professionally 
known as Mr. Charles Manners (q.v.). 
For some time after this Mr. and Mrs. 
Manners continued as leading members 
at Drury Lane and Covent Garden 
under the late Sir Augustus Harris, 
until in 1894 they formed their own 
organisation, which commenced as a 
concert party, giving costume recitals 
of opera, and is now one of the leading 
operatic companies of the country. 
In 1896-7 they toured in Canada and 
South Africa. Address : The Hyde, 
Hendon, Middlesex. 

MOODY, Hilda (Mrs. J. A. E. 
Malone), vocalist and actress; b. 

io (2141) 





Redruth, Cornwall; d. of James 
Hawke Moody, photographer, of that 
town; sister of Madame Fanny 
Moody; e. at Girls' High School, 
Redruth ; m. J. A. E. Malone, manager 
at Daly's Theatre; joined D'Oyly 
Carte's Company and appeared as 
Lisa in " The Grand Duke/' 1897 ; 
was next offered by George Edwardes 
the part of O Mimosa San in " The 
Geisha " on tour ; her first important 
engagement in London was with 
George Edwardes, at Daly's, as 
Antonia in "Greek Slave"; at 
Prince of Wales's in " Three Little 
Maids," etc., etc. 

MOOBE, Bertha, soprano, teacher 
of singing, lecturer, and authoress ; 
b. Brighton, 10 Jan., 1862 ; d. of 
Edward Henry Moore, county analyst, 
Sussex; sister of Decima, Eva, and 
Jessie Moore, well known in the drama- 
tic and musical professions ; studied 
at the R.A.M., under Dr. W. H. 
Cummings, and afterwards had lessons 
from Madame Florence Lancia, the 
well-known soprano ; she sang in 
London and all the principal cities in 
the provinces with considerable suc- 
cess, notably in a performance of 
" Elijah " at the St. James's Hall on 
28 May, 1885; she also sang at the 
Crystal Palace Concerts and appeared 
at Kuhe's Annual Brighton Festival, 
and at the Monday Popular Concerts 
in 1891 ; of late she has lectured in the 
provinces on " Sir Arthur Sullivan and 
his Music," "Three Centuries of 
English Song," and " Song and Story," 
" Our National Songs," and many other 
lectures, all of which are enhanced 
by vocal illustrations. Has written 
several short plays, some of which 
have been successfully produced. In 
1888 she was married to Frank 
Huth, son of Edward Huth, J.P., 
Huddersfield. Recreation : Golf. 
Address : 29 Clarendon Road, Holland 
Park, W. Telephone: 1915 Park. 

MOORE, Decima, actress and 
vocalist ; 6. at Brighton ; d. of 
the late Edward Henry Moore, sister 
of Eva and Bertha Moore ; e. Boswell 
House College, Brighton; m. Major 
F. G. Guggisberg, R.E., C.M.G., 
F.R.G.S., Director of Surveys, Gold 

Coast and Southern Nigeria ; winner 
of Victoria Scholarship for Singing, 
at Blackheath Conservatoire of 
Music ; made her first appearance 
on the stage, 7 Dec., 1889, as Casilda 
in " The Gondoliers " at the Savoy ; 
she has also played leading parts 
in numerous London successes ; has 
toured through Australia, America, 
and South Africa ; on her return from 
a stay on the Gold Coast with her 
husband, was engaged for a starring 
tour in " All of a Sudden Peggy," 
" Mrs. Dot," " Lady Frederick," etc. ; 
appeared at Windsor Castle by com- 
mand of Queen Victoria ; is also a 
favourite concert singer, and has sung 
at the Albert Hall, St. James's Hall, 
etc. ; she accompanied her husband 
to West Africa in 1905 and 1911-1912, 
travelling many miles inland where a 
white woman had never been before. 
Author (in conjunction with her 
husband) of the book "We Two in 
West Africa," and various articles. 
Recreations : Riding, driving, and 
golfing. Clubs : Ladies' Army and 
Navy and International Woman's 
Franchise. Address : 132 Clarence 
Gate Gardens, N.W. 

MOORE, Graham Ponsonby, pro- 
fessor of pianoforte at the R.C.M. ; 
b. at Ballarat, Australia, 14 Apr., 
1859. Received his musical training 
at Berlin, under Kullak and Schar- 
wenka, etc. Has published numerous 
compositions in England and Ger- 
many. Address: R.C.M., South 

MOORE, H. G., assistant stage 
manager of the Royal Opera, Covent 
Garden; b. in Poictiers ; e. at the 
Lycee and later at the University of 
that town, with the object of entering 
upon a scholastic career. This inten- 
tion, however, he soon abandoned in 
favour of stage work, which he found 
a great deal more interesting and ab- 
sorbing. He has now occupied his 
present onerous position at the Royal 
Opera House for several years. 
Address : c/o Covent Garden Opera 

MORGAN, Robert Orlando, pianist 
and composer; b. Manchester, 16 





Mar., 1865 ; studied at the G.S.M., 
under Prout, Barnett, Henry Gadsby, 
and Dr. Warwick Jordan. Gained the 
Merchant Taylors' Scholarship and the 
Webster Prize. First appeared, as a 
solo pianist in 1878. Appointed 
professor of pianoforte, harmony and 
composition at G.S.M. in 1887. At the 
Grand Concours International de Com- 
position Musicale, Brussels, 1894, 
was awarded first prize and gold medal. 
Works: Two cantatas for female 
voices, " Zitella " and " The Legend 
of Eloisa " ; Church cantata, " The 
Crown of Thorns " ; song cycle, " In 
Fairyland " ; two sonatas for violin 
and piano, sonata for piano, " Modern 
School of Pianoforte Technique " 
(six books) ; comic opera, " Two 
Merry Monarchs " produced at the 
Savoy Theatre, London, March, 1910 ; 
several theoretical works^ and about 
one hundred and sixty published 
songs, piano pieces, part-songs, etc. 
Favourite occupation : composition. 
Address: G.S.M. 

MORETTI, Giulio, bass vocalist and 
teacher ; b. Rome, 1850 ; studied 
music with the Cavaliere Salesi, and 
singing with the Maestri Tomassoni 
and Cappelloni, both Cantors at St. 
Peter's. Sang during three years as 
principal bass at the first theatres 
in Italy and South America, and 
then established himself in Milan as 
professor of singing, afterwards act- 
ing for two years as accompanist 
to the celebrated Lamperti. For 
thirty-one years he followed his 
profession in Milan, bringing before 
the public as his pupils De-Negri, 
D'Avanzo, Ronconi, Parboni, Vaselli 
Beltrami, Zenatello, Caff etto and other 
renowned artistes. In the year 1902 
he came to London, and was appointed 
professor of singing at the R.A.M., 
but has now returned to Italy. Is 
Hon. R.A.M. Address: 27 Via 
Leopardi, Milan. 

MORLEY, J. George, harp maker ; 
s. of George Morley, a harp dealer in 
the City of London early in the nine- 
teenth century. Mr. J. Geo. Morley 
worked in Paris and London with 
Erard for many years, at the time of 
the Franco-Prussian War, and when 

Erard closed his large factories at 
Kensington in 1890, Mr. Morley set 
up a workshop for the repair of harps, 
and about 5,000 instruments passed 
through these shops ; in 1901 he took 
a larger factory in Walham Green and 
started making the " Colossal Orches- 
tral Harps/' 250 of which are now in 
use all over the world, notably at the 
Wagner Theater (Bayreuth), Covent 
Garden Opera, etc. In addition to 
building the largest harp in the world, 
Mr. Morley makes the smallest baby- 
grand piano, and is a manufacturer of, 
and an authority on, spinets and 
harpsichords ; m. Cecilia Prsetorius, 
harpist; is a Fellow of the Phil- 
harmonic Society. Address : 6 Sussex 
Place, South Kensington, S.W. Tele- 
phone : 819 Western. 

MORROW, Walter, trumpet player 
and teacher ; b. 15 June, 1850 ; e. at 
Liverpool and at the R.A.M. under 
Thomas Harper (trumpet) and Stephen 
Kemp (piano). Made his first appear- 
ance at the Royal Albert Hall in 1873 
with Madame Lemmens-Sherrington in 
Handel's " Let the Bright Seraphim " ; 
has been a member of the Royal 
Choral Society for over thirty-four 
years and the Philharmonic more than 
twenty years, besides playing at many 
provincial musical festivals ; is a 
professor of the trumpet at the 
G.S.M. and the R.C.M. ; developed a 
special trumpet for the high 1st 
trumpet parts in the works of Bach, 
Handel and Purcell; appointed 
collector for Royal Society of Musicians 
1903. Mr. Morrow married Miss 
S. J. Lloyd in 1872. Address: 4 
Strathearn Road, Wimbledon, S.W. 
Telephone : 388 Wimbledon. 

MOSCHELES, Felix, artist and 
author; 6. London, 8 Feb., 1833; 
5. of the late Ignaz Moscheles, com- 
poser and godson of Felix Mendels- 
sohn ; e. London, Leipzig, and Paris ; 
translated and published " Felix Men- 
delssohn's Letters to Ignaz and Char- 
lotte Moscheles*' and other works, 
notably " Fragments of an Auto- 
biography," introducing some personal 
recollections of eminent musicians. 
As president of the International 
Arbitration and Peace Association, 





has largely contributed to the litera- 
ture of international relations. Among 
his portraits of musicians are those of 
Rubinstein, Sarasate, Mischa Elman, 
Gounod, and Ignaz Moscheles. Recrea- 
tion : lecturing on Art, Pacifism, and 
Esperanto. Club : National Liberal. 
Telephone: 1051, Western. Address: 
80 Elm Park Road, S.W. 

MOSS, Katie, soprano vocalist and 
composer ; d. of Theo. Moss, vocalist, 
and his wife, Rhoda E. Barkley, 
A.R.A.M., pianist and vocalist ; e. at 
High School, Netting Hill ; studied at 
R.A.M. under Randegger (singing), 
Sauret (violin), William Farren 
(elocution), Corder and Prout (com- 
position), and Webb (piano) ; first 
appeared, when eight years of age, 
at a concert at Bayswater as violinist 
and reciter. Her principal engage- 
ments include the Norwich Festival, 
1902; concerts at Queen's Hall; 
St. Paul's Cathedral ("Hymn of 
Praise ") ; People's Palace and other 
principal concert halls ; gave a very 
successful recital at Bechstein Hall, 
2 Feb., 1905 ; has just finished a very 
successful tour with Messrs. Moss & 
Stoll. Her song, " The Floral Dance " 
(ChappeU) is at the present time (1913) 
having a great popular success. On 
tour she frequently appears under the 
name of " Ella Barkley." Recrea- 
tions : Reading and country walks. 
Clubs : Musical Union, R.A.M. 
Address : c/o Albion Concert Bureau, 
52 New Bond Street, W. 

MOSSEL, Max, violinist and teacher ; 
b. Rotterdam, 25 July, 1871 ; 5. of 
Hendrik Mossel; e. at High School 
and Gymnasium, Rotterdam ; studied 
under Professor Herman Csillag, 
Arthur Rosel, Willy Hess, and Sara- 
sate ; made his debut in Oct., 1876, at 
the Bommei (Holland) Orchestral Soci- 
ety's Concert, and first appeared in 
England at the Crystal Palace Satur- 
day Concerts on 5 July, 1892 ; has 
made numerous tours through the 
United Kingdom, Holland, Belgium, 
Germany, Spain, America, and Dutch 
East Indies ; is at present director of 
the Max Mossel Drawing-room Con- 
certs, Promenade Orchestral Con- 
certs (Birmingham), and leader of the 

Max Mossel String Quartette, also a 
professor at the Birmingham and 
Midland School of Music and the 
G.S.M. Recreations : Photography 
and billiards. Clubs : German 
Athenaeum London, Clef Club and 
Garrick Club, Birmingham. Address : 
Grand Hotel, Birmingham. 

MOTTERWAY, Alice, soprano; b. 
Ireland, 1879 ; d. of William Frankis 
Motterway ; is descended from an old 
Huguenot family ; e. at Brighton and 
London, received her musical training 
at the G.S.M. ; was for five years 
under Mr. Edward Wharton and then 
studied with Signer Panzani ; has 
sung at the London Ballad Concerts, 
Queen's HaU Promenade Concerts, 
Albert Hall, and at most of the leading 
London and .provincial concerts. Her 
metier is oratorio. Address : 89 
Windsor Road, Forest Gate, Essex. 
Telephone : 279 Stratford. 

MUKLE, Lilian, instrumentalist ; 
b. London ; d. of Leopold Mukle, 
orchestrion maker ; sister of May 
Mukle, 'cellist; e. at Taunton ; 
received instruction at the G.S.M., 
her teachers being Mr. Morrow for 
the trumpet, and Mr. Hollander 
for the violin. Address : 73 Brondes- 
bury Villa, Kilburn. Telephone : 3196 

MUKLE, May, violoncellist; b. 
London, 14 May, 1880 ; d. of Leopold 
Mukle, orchestrion maker, and sister 
of Anne Mukle; e. at Taunton. 
Her first master was Mr. J. E. 
Hamilton, and she afterwards studied 
with Signer Pezze at the R.A.M. ; 
made her first appearance in public 
at the age of ten, and gave her first 
recital in London in 1907 ; has toured 
with Edward Lloyd in Australia, 
and in South Africa with Miss Maud 
Powell, has also made extensive tours 
in Canada and the United States, and 
has appeared all over the British 
Isles with many different concert 
parties; appeared at the Bourne- 
mouth Symphony Concerts, Belfast 
Philharmonic Society, Cardiff Orches- 
tral Society, Hereford Festival, and 
most of the principal London concerts, 
and has given recitals all over the 





Continent. Her favourite professional 
occupation is taking part in chamber 
music. Is a member of a large musical 
family, four of her sisters being in 
the profession. She was made Asso- 
ciate of the R.A.M. in 1900. Is the 
'cellist in the Langley-Mukle Quar- 
tette. Is a member of the Society of 
Women Musicians, and the New 
Chamber Music Club. Address: HA 
Porchester Gardens, Bayswater, W. 
Telephone : 1509 Park. 

MULLEN, Adelaide, soprano, teacher 
of singing and composer ; b. in Dublin ; 
d. of Benjamin Mullen, senior vicar- 
choral of St. Patrick and Christ Church 
Cathedrals, Dublin, and grand-daughter 
of the late well-known Irish editor 
and man of letters, " Johnny " King ; 
m. Henry Beaumont, the well-knoxvn 
tenor ; in 1888 studied singing at the 
Alexandra College, Dublin, and with 
the late J. B. Welch; first appeared 
as an amateur at a concert of the 
Dublin University Choral Society, 
under the late Sir Robert Stewart; 
in 1882 she took part in a State 
Concert at the inauguration of the 
National Exhibition, Dublin ; decided 
to adopt singing as a profession, and 
gave her first concert in Dublin in 
1883 ; she has toured on three occasions 
in the United States, and sung at 
concerts in Edinburgh, Glasgow, and 
at the Crystal Palace and leading 
London concert halls ; she has also 
appeared in opera with the Burns- 
Grotty Opera Company. Under the 
nom-de-plume of " Wilton King," Miss 
Mullen has composed numerous songs, 
amongst others " Avourneen," " The 
Dear Isle of Green," " The Rose will 
Blow," "Your dear Heart," and 
" Summer in my Heart," etc. Address : 
1 1 Warwick Avenue, Maida Vale, W. 

MULLER, Georg, violinist; b. 
Limburg (Nassau), Germany, 24 Dec., 
1861 ; educated at Cologne and Royal 
Academy, Berlin, under von Konig- 
stowe and Joachim. Made his cttbut in 
Cologne, 1873 ; was leader and soloist 
in Bilse orchestra, Berlin, and leader 
of London String Quartet ; appeared 
as solo player at St. James's Hall, 
Bechstein Hall, Steinway Hall, 
Crystal Palace, etc. Played before 

the Emperor Frederick of Germany 
in 1882; professor at G.S.M. since 
1900. Married Frl. M. Bister, of 
Crefeld, Germany, in 1886. Address : 
10 Winterbrook Road, Herne Hill, S.E. 

MUMMERY, Frank, teacher of 
pianoforte, pianist, and conductor ; b. 
Margate, 24 Aug., 1875 ; 5. of William 
Hughes Mummery. He began his 
musical studies at Ramsgate, under 
George Prior, Mus.Doc. Oxon, and 
afterwards continued them at the 
R.A.M. under Frederick Corder. Is 
Mus.Bac., Oxon, and A.R.A.M. ; made 
his debut as a pianist in Margate and 
first appeared in London in 1897 ; 
has since toured with Madame Melba 
as accompanist and has appeared 
in that rdle at the Albert Hall Patti 
Concerts ; repetiteur to Mr. Thomas 
Beecham in his operatic ventures, 
and conductor at His Majesty's 
Theatre during the Beecham Season 
of Grand Opera ; also Assistant 
Conductor on the Quinlan Opera 
Tour, 1911. Mr. Mummery succeeded 
Herr Gustav Ernest as Principal of 
the " Gustav Ernest " Conservatoire 
of Music, Sydenham, in 1909. His 
favourite rdle is that of a conductor, 
and his principal recreation cycling. 
Address: 80 West Hill, Sydenham, 
S.E. Telephone : 544 Sydenham. 

MUTCH, Alys, vocalist; b. in 
Leicestershire; studied first with 
Signer Randegger at the R.C.M., and 
afterwards in Paris with Monsieur 
Bouhy and Jean de Reszke ; made 
her debut in opera at Covent Garden 
and has appeared frequently on the 
concert platform at leading London 
concerts. Address : c/o Covent 
Garden Opera. 

MYLOTT, Eva, soprano ; b. Moruya, 
South Coast, New South Wales; d. 
of Patrick Mylott, station owner, and 
his wife Mary ; e. at the College of 
Conception, Sydney ; prepared for 
musical profession in Sydney, and 
afterwards at Paris, under Madame 
Mathilde Marchesi, and in London 
under Madame Minna Fischer ; first 
appeared at the Sydney Town Hall 
at Irish Festival in 1898 ; sang at the 
Marchesi Concert in Paris in 1903; 





has since appeared at the London 
Ballad Concerts, Queen's Hall Promen- 
ades, and leading provincial concerts. 
Has also toured through Wales, and 

sung in oratorio in Scotland. Recrea- 
tions : Riding, driving, tennis and golf. 
Club: The Austral. Agents: N. 
Vert, Ltd., and Miss Alice Joseph. 


NACHEZ, Tivadar, violinist; b. 
Buda-Pesth, 1 May, 1859; s. of a 
well-known Hungarian soldier who 
greatly distinguished himself in the 
revolution of 1849. Began to learn 
the violin at the age of five, studying 
first under Professor Sabathiel, leader 
of the orchestra at the Royal Opera, 
Buda-Pesth. At the age of seven 
he made his first appearance in public 
at a charity concert, playing a violin 
concerto by Lipinski, and winning 
the approval of Liszt, who lived at the 
time at Buda-Pesth, and became after- 
wards President of the Royal Academy 
of Music there, and who subsequently 
invited him to play at his private 
matine'es to his own accompaniments. 
During this time and up to the age of 
fourteen Nachez was being educated at 
the Catholic States Gymnasium at 
Buda-Pesth, with a view to adopting 
the law as a profession ; but winning a 
three years' Government scholarship 
he was able to secure the privilege 
of being trained by Joachim at 
Berlin, receiving at the same time 
lessons in harmony and orchestration 
from Professor Kiel. He subsequently 
went to Paris and completed his 
technical education under Leonard. 
At the age of sixteen he was invited 
to play at two of the Pasdeloup 
concerts. Dr. Richter invited Nachez 
to play at the foundation of the 
Bayreuth Theatre; and in 1881 he 
played for the first time in Germany 
at a concert given by the Philharmonic 
Society of Hamburg. He then under- 
took a tour through Germany, Holland 
and Switzerland, and on 9 Apr., 1881, 
made his first appearance in England 
at the Crystal Palace Concerts under 
Sir August Manns; later came per- 
formances in Manchester (Charles 
Halle's Gentlemen's Concerts) and 
Birmingham (Harrison's Concert), fol- 
lowed by an extensive continental 
tour ; 4 March, 1886, his first appear- 
ance at the London Philharmonic 

Society (MosgkowskL's Violin Concerto, 
first time in England) ; created at the 
1896 Norwich Festival, Frederic ClifiVs 
Violin Concerto, subsequently repeated 
the same at the London Philharmonic 
Concert, 2 Apr., 1897. He has com- 
posed a large number of pieces for the 
violin and orchestra, among them two 
Violin Concertos, the second of which 
Op. 36, was played by him for the 
first time at the London Philharmonic 
Concert, 17 April, 1907, and later 
repeated at Landon Ronald's New 
Symphony Orchestra Concerts, 27 
Jan., 1910 ; also overtures, a Re- 
quiem Mass, and several songs; he 
has been the recipient of numerous 
Orders, and frequently played by 
command before the late Queen 
Victoria, the late King Edward, and 
Queen Alexandra. Agent : Ibbs & 
Tiller, 19 Hanover Square, W. 

NAVAL, Franz, tenor ; b. Laibach, 
Bohemia, 20 Oct., 1865. In 1888 he 
received his first engagement at the 
opera in Frankfort, subsequently sang 
at the Royal Opera, Berlin, and in 
Vienna; has since played in most 
of the capitals of Europe. His 
principal rdles are Hoffman in "Les 
Contes d'Hoffman," Faust, Romeo, 
Wilhelm Meister and Rudolph in 
" La Boheme." 

NEEDHAM, Alicia Adelaide, com- 
poser, pianist, vocalist and lecturer; 
b. at Oldcastie, County Meath, Ireland ; 
d. of the late J. W. Montgomery of 
Downpatrick; e. at Victoria College, 
Londonderry. Studied at the R.A.M. 
under Mr. Arthur O'Leary (pianoforte), 
and under Professors Prout and Da- 
venport (harmony) ; is A.R.A.M., 
A.R.C.M., andL.R.A.M. ; she returned 
to the Academy, after her marriage to 
Dr. Needham, for a three years' course 
which obtained for her the Associate- 
ship. She was winner for six consecu- 
tive years of the prize for the best 





original songs at the Irish Musical 
Festival, also winner of the 100 prize 
for the best song in celebration o! the 
Coronation of King Edward in 1902. 
Has published over 600 songs, duets, 
quartets, piano pieces, etc. Among 
her most popular compositions are 
" Who Carries the Gun," " Husheen," 
" The Fairy's Lullaby," Irish Song- 
Cycle, " A Bunch of Shamrocks/' 
Army and Navy Song-Cycle (1912), etc. 
Also numerous piano-solos, duets, 
quartettes, Church service, and hymns. 
She is an honorary member of the 
Irish Literary Society and an Asso- 
ciate of the Philharmonic Society. 
Her recreations should alone keep her 
busy, for they include riding, driving, 
cycling, the study of languages and 
Irish antiquities, travelling, rifle- 
shooting, and photography. Address : 
Clapham Park, S.W 

NERVtt, Lydia, soprano ; received 
musical education in Paris, where 
she first appeared, creating the soprano 
rdle in the oratorio " La Terre Promise/* 
specially written for her by Massenet, 
15 Mar., 1900, and afterwards at the 
Massenet festival at Tournai, Belgium ; 
sang in various operatic rdles at the 
Opera Comique, Paris ; made her 
febvt in London, at the Royal Phil- 
harmonic Concerts, in 1901, also singing 
for the same Society on several 
occasions since. Appeared with the 
Glasgow and Edinburgh Orchestral 
Societies, the Liverpool and Belfast 
Philharmonic Societies, and at Cardiff, 
Birmingham, Manchester and Leeds, 
and has sung at the Queen's Hall and 
other leading London concerts. She 
sung the part of Woglinde with the 
Lamoureux Orchestra at the first 
performance of Wagner's " Rheingold " 
in its entirety in Paris. 

NEWBURY, Philip, tenor; b. St. 
Heliers, Jersey; s. of Philip James 
Newbury, manufacturer, and his wife 
Charlotte De Ste. Croix; married, 
1888, to Emily Spader, professionally 
known as Madame Emily Spada, a 
well-known soprano vocalist ; has 
studied the piano and organ with 
Arthur Towsey, of Dunedin, and 
singing with Randegger, Fred Walker, 
G. N. Tibbetts, W. Shakespeare, 

and Signor Giraldoni, of Milan ; first 
appeared at the Crystal Palace, under 
the late Sir August Manns, as principal 
tenor, in Wagner's " Flying Dutch- 
man," 1891 ; has appeared with the 
principal choral societies of Great 
Britain, making his first appearance 
with the Royal Choral Society in 1894 ; 
was then engaged with Madame Spada 
for forty concerts in Australia ; stayed 
there for some time and conducted 
concerts in the principal colonial 
cities, arranged festivals in Dunedin, 
Christchurch, and Brisbane ; has 
altogether given about 2,000 concerts 
in Australia ; his final season of con- 
certs in the Sydney Town Hall 
extended over sixteen months. 
Recreations : Swimming, bowls and 
tennis. Club : The Yorick, Mel- 
bourne. Agents : Messrs. Ibbs and 
Tillett, 19 Hanover Square, W. 

NEWTH, Robert Boulcott, tenor 
and teacher ; 6. Worcester, 10 Sept., 
1858 ; his father, Mr. Charles Whittard 
Newth, being engaged in commerce ; 
e. College School, Worcester, and 
began his musical career, in 1867, 
as chorister in Worcester Cathedral, 
being articled seven years later to 
Dr. William Done, the organist; 
was appointed organist and choir- 
master at St. Paul's, Worcester, when 
seventeen years of age, afterwards at 
St. Stephen's, Barbourne, Worcester; 
in 18SO was engaged as assistant to Dr. 
W. H. Monk, King's College, London ; 
studied singing under J. B. Welch 
at G.S.M., and in 1882 was ap- 
pointed sub-professor, and two years 
later professor at same institu- 
tion ; also appointed professor of 
singing at Royal Normal College, 
Upper Norwood, Christmas, 1896, in 
succession to Dr. W. H. Cummmgs ; 
has sung at Brighton Sacred Har- 
monic Society, Dublin Musical Society 
(1883), Gloucester Festival (1883), 
Worcester Festival (1884), Sacred Har- 
monic Society, and principal London 
concerts. Address : 16 Queen's Road, 
Beckenham, and Guildhall School of 

NEWTON, Ernest, composer; b. 
Uandudno; 5. of Rev. T. Newton, 
M.A., LL.D., late Vicar of Barnstaple ; 





e. at Friars' School, Bangor, Mon- 
mouth Grammar School, and St. 
Catherine's College, Cambridge, where 
he graduated M.A. ; studied music 
under Sir George Elvey, Mus.Doc., 
Mr. Oscar Beringer, and Professor 
Ebenezer Prout; is the composer 
of many popular songs, including 
" Ailsa Mine," " Nita Gitana," " For 
Love of You," "Love's Echo," 
"Going to Kildare," "The Magic 
Month of May," etc. Director of the 
London School of Pianoforte Accom- 
paniment, 139 New Bond Street, W. 
Organist of St. Thomas's Church, 
Portman Square, W. Song Editor: 
Novello & Co., London. Address : 
51 Pembridge Villas, Netting Hill 
Gate, W. 

NICHOLLS, Agnes, soprano; 6. 
Cheltenham; d. of the late A. C. 
Nicholls, of Charlton Kings, Chelten- 
ham, a director of public companies ; 
e. at Bedford ; m. Hamilton Harty, 
composer and pianist, 15 July, 1904 ; 
studied music at the R.C.M. from 1895 
to 1900, holding a scholarship for that 
period; made her first appearance 
before the late Queen Victoria at 
Windsor Castle in a students' per- 
formance of Delibes* opera " Le Roi 
1'a dit " ; she has for some time past 
been a favourite singer at the principal 
London and provincial concerts, and 
has also sung as principal soprano at 
the Hereford, Gloucester, Worcester, 
Sheffield, Leeds, Birmingham, Nor- 
wich, Lincoln, Peterborough, Bristol, 
Newcastle, and Handel Festivals ; was 
especially engaged for the Cincinnati 
Festival (America), and has for many 
seasons been a leading member of the 
Royal Opera Company at Covent 
Garden, and has also achieved great 
successes in England, South Africa, 
and Australia with the Quinlan Opera 
Company. Address : 10 Grove End 
Road, St. John's Wood, N.W. Tele- 
phone : 3540 P.O. Hampstead. 

NICHOLSON, Sydney Hugo, organist 
and composer ; e. privately and at the 
R.C.M. ; graduated Mus.Bac. (Oxon), 
1902 ; principal appointments as 
organist, etc. : Barnet Parish Church, 
1898, Lower Chapel, Eton College, 
1903, Carlisle Cathedral, 1904 ; he is 

now organist and Choir Master at 
Manchester Cathedral ; his composi- 
tions comprise an Evening Service in 
A flat, a choral ballad " Ivry," 
and " The Luck of Edenhall " (for 
female voices), etc. Address : The 
Cathedral, Manchester. 

NICOL, Anderson, tenor; 6. near 
Perth, Scotland; e. at Edinburgh; 
prepared for the musical profession in 
London by Alberto Randegger and 
Frank Barat, in Paris by Emile 
Wartel, and in Italy by Attilio Parelli 
and RafEaele Grani ; his principal 
engagements include Opera and Sym- 
phony Concerts in Germany, opera in 
Italy, concerts at the Crystal Palace, 
Albert Hall, Queen's Hall, St. James's 
Hall, Liverpool Philharmonic Concerts, 
Belfast Philharmonic Society and 
Glasgow Choral Union ; is a great 
favourite at the Scottish Concerts 
in the Albert Hall and Queen's Hall, 
as well as in the provinces ; toured 
through South Africa in 1905 and 
Australasia, 1909-10. Recreations : 
Golf and mountaineering. Address : 
58 Marlborough Mansions, West 
Hampstead, N.W. 

NIECES, Frederick, Mus.Doc., Reid 
Professor of Music and Dean of the 
Faculty of Music, Edinburgh Univer- 
sity ; 6. 3 Feb., 1845, Dusseldorf; 
m. 1907, Christina, third d. of late 
Professor Sir John Struthers, M.D. 
Early education at Dusseldorf (private 
schools and teachers), later Leipzig 
University (philosophy, psychology, 
history, etc.) ; began musical studies 
at 6 years old ; first public appearance 
when thirteen years old as solo violinist 
in De Beriot's B Minor Concerts, and 
from then regular member of theatre 
and symphony orchestra. Pupil of 
Langhans, Grunewald, Auer, and 
Tausch. In 1868 settled in Scotland, 
playing in (Sir A. C.) Mackenzie's 
quartet, then teaching and writing; 
1891, appointed to Edinburgh Chair 
of Music; lectures on and teaches 
harmony, counterpoint, composition, 
history, form, etc., etc., and gives his- 
torical concerts. Chief publications : 
" A Concise Dictionary of Musical 
Terms," to which is prefixed an 
" Introduction to the Elements of 





Music," 1884 ; " Chopin as a Man and 
Musician/' 1888 ; " A History of 
Programme Music/' " A Contribution 
to the History of Musical Expression/' 
1907 ; large contributor to musical 
magazines. Is a member of the Royal 
Institution, musical and educational, 
and other societies, etc. Address : 
University, Edinburgh, N. 

NIELSEN, Alice, operatic vocalist; 
6. Nashville, Tenn., U.S.A. ; made her 
debut as a member of the Bostonians, a 
famous American society that was 
evolved from a church choir ; the 
company subsequently split into the 
Boston Ideals and the Bostonians, the 
latter being under the part manage- 
ment of Henry Clay, who gave her 
her first real opportunity in 1897, 
in a comic opera called " The Sere- 
nade " ; first appeared in London 
at Shaftesbury, in the comic opera 
" The Fortune Teller/' 1901, in which 
she achieved a personal success, 
though the piece itself did not meet 
with public acceptance ; she went to 
Italy, placing herself under the best 
masters, and in 1903 made her dtbut 
at La Scala, Milan ; coming to London 
in 1904 she was engaged at the Royal 
Opera, Covent Garden, in leading 
parts ; appeared at the Waldorf with 
the San Carlo Company, 1905-6. 

NIGHTINGALE, C. W., composer 
and musical director ; b. Horsham, 
1868 ; was a pupil of the late Henry 
Gadsby, and is a self-taught oboe 
player ; was three years in the 
orchestra of the Royal Italian Operas 
and for one season with the Queen's 
Hall Orchestra ; composer of " The 
Belle of Bohemia/' which has toured 
the provinces three times, and of a 
new musical comedy, " Another Girl," 
accepted for production by John Hart, 
of Manchester, and two comic operas, 
" A.D. 5005 " and " King Neptune " ; 
also composed many songs, and some 
chamber music for wind instruments ; 
was originator of the Century Concerts, 
in which he was greatly assisted by 
the late W. Y. Hurlstone. Recreation : 
Fishing. Club : Eccentric. Address : 
41 Great Queen Street, London, W.C. 

NIKISCH, Arthur, violinist and 
conductor ; 6. Szent Miklos, Hungary, 

12 Oct., 1855; studied at Vienna 
Conservatorium 1st Capellmeister 
Leipzig Theatre, 1882-9, Conductor 
Boston Symphony Orch., 1889-93, 
Dir. Pesth Royal opera, 1893-5; 
Conductor Gewandhaus Concerts, 
Leipzig, 1895 to date ; he was chosen 
by Wagner to assist in the inaugura- 
tion of the Bayreuth Theatre and later 
was promoted from the orchestra 
of the Royal Opera at Vienna to help 
in the original production of " The 
Ring " ; has frequently appeared 
before English audiences and has 
conducted most of our leading 
orchestras, his most recent London 
appearance as opera director being 
for the production of Mr. Holbrooke's 
opera, " The Children of Don," at the 
London Opera House. A ddress : 
Thomassins Strasse, 28m, Leipzig. 

NILSSON, Christine (Comtesse de 
Casa Miranda), soprano vocalist ; &. in 
Sweden, 20 Aug., 1843, d. of Jonas 
Nilsson ; e. in Stockholm and after- 
wards in Paris; was twice married, 
first to the late August Rouzand in 
1872, and in 1887 to the Comte de Casa 
Miranda, Chamberlain to the King of 
Spain, Secretary of State, etc. ; made 
her debut on 27 Oct., 1864, as Vio- 
letta in "La Traviata," at the 
Theatre Lyrique, Paris, and was 
engaged at the Paris Opera from 
1868 to 1870. Made her first appear- 
ance in London in June, 1867; in 
America in 1870; Russia, 1872; and 
Vienna, 1873; revisiting America in 
1874 ; she has sung the soprano 
rdles in most of the great operas, 
including " Don Giovanni," " Marta," 
"Lucia," "Hamlet," "Robert le 
Diable," " Les Huguenots," " Nozze 
de Figaro," " Mignon," " Talismano," 
" Gioconda " and " Faust," the part 
of Marguerite in Gounod's opera 
being her favourite. Address : 3 Rue 
Clement Marot, Paris. 

NOBLE, Thomas Tertius, organist ; 
b. Bath, 5 May, 1867 ; s. of Thomas 
Noble; e. privately at Colchester. 
Was prepared for the musical pro- 
fession at the R.C.M., where he 
studied under Sir Walter Parratt, 
Sir Charles Stanford and Sir Fred- 
erick Bridge ; m. Meriel Maude 





Stubbs, eldest daughter of the Right 
Reverend C. W. Stubbs, D.D., late 
Bishop of Truro ; appointed organist 
of All Saints', Colchester, 1881, his 
later appointments being organist 
of St. John's, Wilton Road, assistant 
organist of Trinity College, Cambridge, 
organist and master of the choir, 
Ely Cathedral, and organist of York 
Minster (which position he occupied 
until Dec., 1912). Mr. Tertius Noble 
is the composer of a number of 
anthems and services, besides piano- 
forte and violin solos, and orchestral 
music-cantata " Gloria Domini/* 
music to the York Pageant in 1909, 
and a comic opera, " Killibegs," 
produced at York, Nov., 1911; in 
1898 he founded the York Symphony 
Orchestra, of which he is the conductor, 
and he has earned the gratitude of 
York Music lovers by reviving the once 
famous York Festival after a lapse of 
seventy-five years ; he was conductor 
of the York Musical Society until 1912, 
but he has recently (Dec., 1912) 
resigned his work in England and 
accepted the position of organist to a 
well-known church in New York, where 
he will now reside. Clubs : A.D.C. and 
C.U.M.C., Cambridge University. 

NORDICA, Lilian, operatic soprano ; 
b. Farmington, Maine, U.S.A. ; d. 
of Edwin and Amanda Elvira Norton. 
Both parents were amateur musicians 
of distinction, her mother being a 
vocalist and her father a violinist. 
At the age of five years she commenced 
to learn the piano, her first instructor 
being her own father ; when she was 
about twelve years old, she was 
placed under the instruction of Pro- 
fessor John O'Neill, at the New 
England Conservatoire at Boston. 
At the age of fifteen she was tht 
soprano of the vocal quartet at Dr. 
Putnam's church, at Boston, at a 
salary of ^200 a year. Shortly after 
leaving the Conservatoire she made 
an extensive tour through America, 
singing principally with the Handel 
and Haydn Society and Theodore 
Thomas's Orchestra. At the age of 
eighteen she paid her first visit to 
London, appearing in conjunction 
with Gilmore's band at the Crystal 
Palace. She went to Milan and placed 

herself under San Giovanni, a cele- 
brated trainer of the voice, and after 
three months' instruction from him 
she made her dbut at the Teatro 
Grande, Brescia, as Violetta in "La 
Traviata." She then went to Genoa, 
where she was received with warmth, 
adding to her rdles that of Marguerite 
in " Faust " and Alice in " Robert 
le Diable." Madame Nordica was 
next engaged to sing in the Russian 
capital, and in 1881 made her dtbut 
at St. Petersburg in " Mignon." She 
sang at the Imperial Opera during the 
next five months, in the course of 
which, in addition to the operas 
named, she appeared in leading rdles 
in " Les Huguenots," " Le Prophete," 
" L'Africaine," and " Un Ballo in 
" Maschera " ; she returned to St. 
Petersburg the following year, adding 
" Nozze di Figaro " and " Don 
Giovanni " to her " repertoire. During 
her stay in St. Petersburg she was 
invited to the palace, the Czar Alex- 
ander II, presenting her with a hand- 
some bracelet. She next visited 
Moscow and took part in a concert 
tour. During the Ttfbiole of this period 
she kept up her study of vocal tech- 
nique with her old Italian master. 
An offer came from Vancorbeil for 
her to sing at the Grand Opera, 
Paris, and on 21 July, 1882, she 
appeared there in the rdle of Mar- 
guerite. She subsequently appeared 
as Ophelie in " Hamlet," having been 
prepared for the part by the composer, 
Ambroise Thomas. In Paris, too, 
she became acquainted with Gounod 
and Verdi, the former giving her the 
benefit of his counsel and instruction 
when she essayed the rdle of Marguerite, 
while the latter prepared her for that 
of Violetta in " La Traviata," in which 
she had already made her dtbut at 
Brescia. She married Mr. Frederick 
Gower, of telephonic fame, and tem- 
porarily retired from the stage, but her 
husband lost his life eighteen months 
later while crossing the Channel in a 
balloon, and in Jan., 1885, shereturned 
to the boards. She reappeared at 
the Opera House, Boston, after which 
she undertook a long tour in Italian 
Opera through Italy and America 
under Colonel Mapleson, returning to 
Covent Garden in 1886 as Violetta. 





She next accepted an engagement 
under Sir Augustus Harris at Drury 
Lane, singing under his management 
for several seasons. In 1889 she went 
to America for the Patti tour, under 
Messrs. Abbey and Grau, travelling 
over 28,000 miles through the United 
States and South America. Returning 
to England she was selected by Sir 
Arthur Sullivan to sing the principal 
soprano part in " The Golden Legend/' 
in consequence of Madame Albani 
being unable to do so almost at the 
last moment. She repeated the per- 
formance at various leading cities 
in England and on the Continent. 
Within recent years she has resided 
in America, appearing in grand opera 
at New York and other cities. She 
married en secondes - noces Heir Dome, 
a well-known German vocalist and 

NO VELIO & CO., LTD., publishers ; 
founded in 1811 by Vincent Novello ; 
in 1834 he and his family removed to 
69 Dean Street, which remained the 
publishing house of Novello until 1868, 
and it was from there that the first 
number of the Musical Times was 
issued on 1 June, 1844 ; the business 
was later carried on by Alfred Novello, 
who was the pioneer of the idea of 
publishing music at a reasonable price, 
by issuing a series of " cheap Classics/' 
including the issue of Sphor's " Last 
Judgment/' and Masses by Mozart 
and Haydn, etc. ; in 1850 he estab- 
lished a New York house, and the 
business of that branch was in 1896 
handed over to H. W. Gray & Co. ; 
in 1857 Alfred Novello retired, and the 
management was left in the hands of 
Mr. Henry Littleton, who was made a 
partner in 1861, when the title of the 
firm became Novello & Co. ; in 1867 
Mr. Littleton became sole proprietor, 
and acquired the business of Ewer & 
Co. ; the firm then became known as 
Novello, Ewer & Co., and removed 

to No. 1 Berners Street, where they 
remained until 1906, when they came 
to the present building in Wardour 
Street. Mr. Littleton retired in 1887, 
and was succeeded by his sons, Mr. 
Alfred H. and Mr. Augustus J. Little- 
ton, and his sons-in-law, Mr. Geo. 
T. S. GUI and Mr. Henry W. Brooke ; 
in 1898 the firm was formed into a 
private limit^ company under the 
title of Novello & Co., Ltd., with Mr. 
H. R. Clayton as Secretary. The 
house of Novello is deservedly famous 
for its scores of all the great oratorios, 
and their editions are able to bear com- 
parison with those of any other house 
in the world. Address : 160 Wardour 
Street, W. 

NOVELLO-DAVEBS, Clara, teacher of 
voice production and singing ; b. 
Cardiff, 7 Apr., 1861 ; d. of Jacob 
Davies from whom she received her 
musical education ; m. David Davies ; 
made her first appearance as a vocalist 
at Cardiff in 1872. Appeared in London 
in 1881, making her debut as a conduc- 
tor at the St. James' Hall. Madame 
Novello-Davies is the composer of 
many successful songs, amongst others 
" A Voice from the Spirit Land/' 
"Friend," "Without Thee/' "The 
Vigil," " Mother/* " Dear Memories/' 
and "Comfort." She is the con- 
ductor of the Royal Welsh Ladies 
Choir, which, under her bton, won the 
first prize for choral singing at World's 
Fair, Chicago, in 1893, and at the 
Paris Exhibition in 1900, also had the 
honour of being commanded to appear 
before Queen Victoria at Osborne in 
1894. Address: Chatham House, 
George Street, Hanover Square, W. 
Telegraphic Address : Semibreve, 
London. Telephone : 4784 Mayfair. 

NIE, Marlorie, soprano; b. 26 
Sept., 1890 ; d. of Frederick William 
Nye; prepared for the musical pro- 
fession by Madame Leslie Dale. 
: H. 

Agent : 

W. Webster, 445 Strand. 


OAKEY, Maggie, pianist ; b. Mudgee, at the age of two, and received her first 
New South Wales, 15 Dec., 1864. lessons on the organ when she was only 
She began to learn the notes on the piano five years old; at seven years of age 





she played the piano with so much 
success at an entertainment at the 
Queen's Concert Rooms, Hanover 
Square, that it was decided to give 
her the advantage of a thorough 
musical education. She entered the 
L.A.M. and remained there several 
years, studying the piano under the 
late Dr. Henry Wylde, and harmony 
and composition with Ferdinand 
Praeger. Upon leaving the London 
Academy, she played first at the 
Crystal Palace and then at the Covent 
Garden Promenade Concerts, subse- 
quently undertaking several provincial 
tours. In 1882 she went to Germany, 
and studied under de Pachmann, whom 
she eventually married. For some years 
after this she continued to study her 
husband's musical methods, and in 
1887, after an absence of five years 
from the concert platform, she re- 
appeared at the Philharmonic Con- 
certs, Berlin, and subsequently toured 
in Russia, Denmark, and Great Britain. 
She also visited America and then 
settled down in France. Here she 
separated from her husband, and ulti- 
mately contracted a second marriage 
with the famous French advocate, 
Maltre Labori, in 1893, since when 
she has entirely retired from the music 

O'MARA, Joseph, tenor ; b. Lime- 
rick ; 5. of James O'Mara, merchant ; 
m. in 1896 Miss Power, of Waterford ; 
e. at the Jesuit College, Limerick, 
where he sang in the college choir. 
Leaving school he decided to go to sea, 
but after one voyage on a Cunarder 
altered his views, and entered his 
father's business. He joined the choir 
of St. Michael's, Limerick, and his 
voice attracted so much attention that 
he decided to enter for a scholarship 
at the R.C.M. without informing his 
father of his intention. He attracted 
the favourable notice of Sir George 
Grove and the other examiners, but 
being unable to definitely state whether 
his father was prepared to support him 
at the College, his chances of winning 
the scholarship were destroyed; he, 
however, informed his father of what 
had happened, and he was allowed to 
go to Italy to study singing under Sig- 
nor Moretti, now teaching in London. 

Returning home in consequence of 
his private affairs, he answered an 
advertisement in the papers for singers 
for an English opera season under 
D'Oyly Carte. Sir Arthur Sullivan 
having heard his voice, he was engaged 
to appear in the production of " Ivan- 
hoe " at the Royal English Opera 
House, 4 Feb., 1891, sharing the title- 
rdle with Mr. Ben Davies ; he was 
extremely successful, and after the 
opera season found himself in great 
demand for concerts. In 1893 he was 
engaged by Sir Augustus Harris to sing 
as principal tenor in grand opera at 
Covent Garden and Drury Lane, the 
engagement lasting for three years ; 
he was subsequently engaged by Sir 
Augustus to create the part of Michael 
Murphy in " Shamus O'Brien " at the 
Op6ra Comique. Since then he has 
sung at most of the principal concerts 
and festivals in London and the pro- 
vinces, and has toured in the United 
States. For some time he was principal 
tenor in the Moody-Manners Opera 
Company. He appeared as Radames 
in the first production of " Aida " in 
English by the Moody-Manners Opera 
Company, Lyric Theatre, 1907; he 
has now (1912) formed an English 
Opera Company of his own, and is 
touring the United Kingdom with 
great success. Recreations : Yachting 
and cycling. Club : Savage. 

OPPENSHAW, Violet, contralto ; 6. 
Bayswater, 3 June, 1888 ; d. of Lieut.- 
Col. Alfred Harvey Kay ; e. at Hove ; 
began her musical education at the 
G.S.M., studying with Madame Helen 
Armstrong, and afterwards studied 
privately with Signer Baraldi, Mr. 
Allen Gill and Sir Henry Wood ; made 
her debut at the ^EoHan Hall, June, 
1907, has since appeared at all the 
principal concerts in London and the 
provinces ; also Wales, Scotland, and 
Ireland. Her favourite professional 
occupation is singing in oratorio, and 
her hobbies are motoring, reading and 
visiting picture galleries. Address : 
73 Elm Park Mansions, S.W. Telephone: 
3937 Kensington. 

OSWALD, Arthur Louis, baritone 
and teacher of singing; b. Brighton, 
14 July, 1858 ; 5. of W. H. P. Hatch ; 





e. Brighton Grammar School ; m. Miss 
J. Hume ; began his musical education 
at Brighton, and afterwards continued 
his studies at Paris, Mayence, the 
R.A.M. (of which institution he is a 
Fellow), and later in Milan ; made his 
dbut in 1876 at Newcastle, singing in 
Gade's " Crusaders/' and first appeared 
in London in the year 1880 at the 
Monday Popular Concerts ; has since 
sung at the Philharmonic Society, 
Albert Hall, and Covent Garden, and 
most of the principal towns in the 
United Kingdom ; made a tour 
through America in 1887 and 1888, 
and has appeared in opera in Italy ; 
his favourite rdle is Figaro in the 
" Barber of Seville." Hobby: Car- 
pentering. Club : Savage. Address : 
139 Fellows Road, N.W. 

OUBIN, Louise (Madame Eugene 
Oudin), n6e Louise Parker, widow of the 
late EugSne Oudin, a well-known bari- 
tone, who died after an all too brief 
career in 1894. Madame Oudin was 
prepared for her musical career in 
Paris ; she met her husband at Wai- 
lack's Theatre, New York, in 1886, 
when both were making their debut. 
They were married the same year. 
After his premature death, Madame 
Oudin left the stage, and is now a 
professor of singing at the R.C.M. 
She also teaches privately. Address : 
31 Linden Gardens, W. 

OUMIROFF, Bogea, baritone ; b. at 
Melnik, near Prague, 8 Nov., 1864, 
coming of a well-known musical family. 
As a boy he studied the pianoforte, 
violin, harmony, and composition, and 
is a thoroughly equipped musician; 
he commenced his singing studies under 
WaJlerstein at Prague, and continued 

under Vyskocil for Bohemian opera 
repertoire ; later he went to Milan and 
worked under Sabatini, thence to Paris, 
taking further lessons with Madame 
Rosine Laborde, who introduced him 
to the celebrated baritone Faure, with 
whom he completed his studies ; he 
made a great reputation in Paris, and 
was decorated " Officier " of the 
Academic Fran9aise. Then followed 
triumphs all over the continent and 
in London, where he was commanded 
to sing before many members of the 
Royal Family ; he paid three visits to 
America, where he sang at the White 
House and at several Embassies ; he 
is an accomplished linguist, and sings 
in many languages, of which he speaks 
nine. In 1911 he was made Kammer- 
sanger at the Court of H.H. Prince 
George of Schaumburg Lippe at Bucke- 
burg. Hobbies : Photography, travel- 
ling, riding, and gardening. Address : 
Domovina, 76 Avenue Road, Regent's 
Park. Telephone : 1671 P.O. Hamp- 
stead. Telegraphic address : Domo- 
vina, London. 

OVENDEN, Lionel, violinist; b. 
1 Dec., 1893, at Worthing; studied 
music privately under Herr Gustav 
Stephen (late Professor G.S.M.) from 
1902 to 1908. His first public appear- 
ance was at a benefit concert at the 
Alhambra, 30 Mar., 1906, when 6,000 
people were present ; shortly after- 
wards, 25 May, he gave his first public 
recital, and from that day has gained a 
high reputation as a public performer 
as violinist and pianist. He has had 
the honour of playing before Royalty, 
and on 30 Jan., 1908, was com- 
manded for the first time to Buck- 
ingham Palace to play before Queen 

PADEREWSKI, Ignace Jan, pianist 
and composer ; b. Podolia, a pro- 
vince of Russian Poland, 6 Nov., 1860. 
When only threeyears oldhe commenced 
\ to play the piano by ear, and at the age 
of seven his father placed him under 
the musical instruction of a local 
teacher, Rerre SowinsM, with whom 

he remained till he was eleven years 
old. The following year he was taken 
to Warsaw, where for the next four 
years he studied harmony and com- 
position under RogusM. He next was 
placed under the care of Frederic Kiel, 
a well-known professor of harmony of 
Berlin, and then undertook his first 





professional tour as a pianist through 
Russia, in the course of which he 
played nothing but his own composi- 
tions. At the age of eighteen he was 
appointed Professor at the Conserva- 
toire of Warsaw, and the money he 
gained by teaching music was devoted 
to his own improvement in general 
education. After six years at Warsaw 
he resigned his post at the Conserva- 
toire and, going to Vienna, placed him- 
self under Leschetitzky, the famous 
trainer of pianists, and husband of the 
almost equally famous pianist Annette 
Essipoff . In 1887 he made his first ap- 
pearance before the critical public of 
Vienna as a virtuoso at Bosendorfer's 
Salle, and was hailed by the critics as 
one of the most remarkable pianists of 
the day. He next submitted himself 
for the approval of the German musical 
public, and became one of the musical 
lions of the principal provincial towns 
of Germany. In 1888 he made his first 
appearance before a Paris audience at 
the Salle Erard, and was so successful 
that he remained two years in Paris, 
during which he paid periodical visits 
to Holland, Belgium, and Switzerland. 
On 9 May, 1890, he played for the first 
time at the St. James's Hall, London, 
and the extraordinary success which he 
then and there achieved is not likely to 
be forgotten by the musical public. 
Following his London triumphs, he 
played in the principal provincial 
towns of the kingdom, and then paid 
his first visit to America, which he has 
since toured many times, securing a 
series of ovations of an unusually 
enthusiastic character. He has com- 
posed a large number of pieces for the 
piano, also many songs, an opera, 
" Manru," a Suite in G major for 
orchestra, a Concerto in A minor for 
piano and orchestra, Concerto in A 
minor and Fantaisie Polonaise for 
piano and orchestra, Sonata for piano 
and violin, Symphony for orchestra in 
B minor, and very many other pieces. 
He has performed a large number of 
times before the royalties of Europe, 
and has been the recipient of several 
foreign orders and distinctions. In 
1891 he played before Queen Victoria 
at Windsor Castle, and was presented 
by Her Majesty with a diamond and 
sapphire pin, accompanied by the 

request that he would write his name 
in her autograph book. Address : 
Morges, near Lausanne. Agent : 
Concert direction L. G. Sharpe, 61 
Regent Street, W. 

PALLISER, Esther, soprano; b. 
Philadelphia, U.S.A., 28 July, 1872, 
her father being a conductor and pro- 
fessor of music, and her mother a well- 
known concert singer ; e. at Paris 
from the age of sixteen ; studied sing- 
ing with Madame Mathilde Marchesi, at 
the Conservatoire, Paris, and with 
Madame Viardot-Garcia ; first ap- 
peared at Rouen, in 1890, as Mar- 
guerite in Gounod's " Faust " ; sung 
the parts of Rowena and Rebecca in 
Sullivan's " Ivanhoe," at the Royal 
English Opera House, 1891 ; was for 
three years at Covent Garden, singing 
in German, Italian, and French Opera ; 
has taken part in festivals and choral 
societies' concerts throughout the 
United Kingdom; sang at Windsor 
for Queen Victoria on Her Majesty's 
eightieth birthday, and other occa- 
sions ; has also sung in opera and at 
important concerts in Germany, France 
and America. Her favourite part is 
Aida. Hobbies: Study of ancient 
philosophies and the collection of 
antique furniture and jewellery. Re- 
creations : Swimming and golf. Club : 
The Bath. Address : Dysart Hotel, 
Cavendish Square, W. Telegraphic 
Address : " Espanite, London." 

PALMER, Clement Charlton, organ- 
ist and composer ; e. at Derby School 
of Music ; graduated Mus.Bac. 1891, 
Mus.Doc. 1896, and F.R.C.O. Prin- 
cipal appointments as organist: St. 
Leonard's, Wichnor (1887), St. An- 
drew's, Pau, France (1888), lichfield 
Cathedral (Assistant, 1890), Holy 
Trinity, Burton-on-Trent (1891), Parish 
Church, Ludlow (1897), Canterbury 
Cathedral (1908). Dr. Palmer is con- 
ductor of Canterbury Cathedral Musi- 
cal Society, and is the composer of 
choral, orchestral, and organ music. 
Address : The Precincts, Canterbury. 

PALMER, George, violinist and 
teacher ; comes of a musical family, 
his father, Mr. Thomas Palmer, haying 
been an enthusiastic amateur musician ; 
he had, however, a strong objection to 





his son entering the musical profession, 
and, therefore, placed him in a business 
house in the City. This being highly 
distasteful to him, he struck out for 
himself, and, when sixteen years old, 
became a student at the R.A.M. ; after 
gaining the Associateship, he was 
appointed leader and solo violinist at 
the Alexandra Palace. He was also 
for many years first violin at Covent 
Garden Theatre, under Sir Michael 
Costa, and a soloist on tour with Mr. 
Mapleson's opera companies. Later he 
was appointed a professor at the 
G.S.M., and he has given many recitals 
at Queen's Hall and elsewhere. Mr. 
Palmer has composed several solos for 
his instrument. Address : G.S.M. 

PALMER, 8. Ernest ; b. 1858 ; eldest 
s. of the late Samuel Palmer, of North 
Court, Hampstead, one of the founders 
of Huntley & Palmers ; e. at Malvern 
College and afterwards in Germany; 
is a member of the Council of the 
R.C.M. and founder of the R.C.M. 
Patrons' Fund and the Berkshire 
Scholarships ; is also donor of two 
scholarships to the Musicians' Com- 
pany held at the G.S.M. Mr. Palmer 
was presented with the Honorary 
Freedom of the Musicians' Company 
in recognition of his services to music 
and musicians. Recreations : Music 
and shooting. Clubs : Carlton, Junior 
Carlton and Hurlingham. Address : 
10 Grosvenor Crescent, S.W. 

PANIZZA, Ettore, composer and 
conductor; 6. in 1875 at Buenos 
Ayres ; studied at the Giuseppe Verdi 
Conservatoire, Milan, obtaining a 
diploma and a first prize for pianoforte 
and composition ; made his debut at 
Rome in 1899. The first opera from 
his pen was heard at Genoa, and three 
others " Fiancee de la Mer," " Medio 
Evo," and " Aurora " have been per- 
formed with great success at Genoa 
and Buenos Ayres. Signer Panizza has 
conducted for several seasons at 
Covent Garden and in all the great 
theatres in Italy ; he was the first to 
introduce Elgar's compositions to 
Italian audiences. Address : c/o 
Covent Garden Opera House. 

PARKER, B. Patterson, F.R.A.M., 
violoncellist; b. at Great Dunmow, 

Essex, 2 Sept., 1871, his father, 
Mr. William Patterson Parker, 
being a professional musician, and his 
brother, Mr. Frye Parker, F.R.A.M., 
for many years leader of the Phil- 
harmonic Orchestra ; e. at High 
School, Dorking, and at the R.A.M. 
Elected A.R.A.M., 1904, and F.R. A.M., 
1906 ; appointed professor, 1907. Is 
'cellist Wessely Quartet, principal 
'cellist Philharmonic Society and Lon- 
don Symphony Orchestra. Address : 
32 Chepstow Place, Bayswater, W. 

PARKER, Henry, composer and 
teacher of singing ; b. 4 Aug., 1842 ; 
e. privately, and as a chorister at All 
Saints', Margaret Street, Cavendish 
Square. Studied at Leipzig under 
Moscheles, Plaidy, and Richter, and in 
London with M. Jules Lefort (singing) 
and Dr. Hopkins (organ). Is the com- 
poser of a romantic opera, " Mignon- 
ette," produced at the Royalty Thea- 
tre, May, 1889, and a comic opera, 
" Kitty," produced at the Opera 
House, Cheltenham, Aug., 1897; has 
also composed over 500 orchestral 
pieces, songs, duets, part-songs, piano 
solos, etc., published since 1863 ; was 
for many years Prof. G.S.M. Address : 
6 Belsize Road, N.W. 

PARKER, William Frye, F.R.A.M., 
violinist and teacher ; b. at Dunmow, 
Essex, 10 Sept., 1855 ; s. of William 
Patterson Parker ; received his musical 
education at the R.A.M., studying the 
violin under the late Mr. P. Sainton ; 
made his debut at the Hanover Square 
Rooms in July, 1871 ; has been a pro- 
fessor at the R.A.M. since 1882, and 
was a professor at the G.S.M. from 
1881 to 1904. Mr. Parker held the 
position of principal violin at the Phil- 
harmonic Society's Concerts from 1895 
to 1909, and was leader at Cardiff, 
Leeds, and other principal Festivals 
during the same period ; he is con- 
ductor of " The Civil Service Orches- 
tra " and the " Colet Orchestral 
Society," and is a member of the Arts 
Club, 40 Dover Street, W. Address : 
17 .Luxemburg Gardens, Brook Green, 

PAREffiA, Elizabeth, soprano; b. 
Missouri, U.S.A., 1882 ; d. of John D. 
Parkinson, Judge of the Court of 





Appeal ; e. at Paris ; studied music 
with Madame Mathilde Marchesi, Paris ; 
first appeared at Opera Comique, Paris, 
15 Dec., 1902, in the title-r<5fe of 
" Lakme " ; her principal engagements 
have been at the Royal Opera, Covent 
Garden ; has sung at the Queen's Hall 
with the Philharmonic Society, and in 
Ballad Concerts, Saturday Popular 
Concerts, and with Royal Amateur 
Orchestral Society ; toured the Austra- 
lian Colonies under J. C. Williamson in 
1905 ; took part in the gala perform- 
ance at Covent Garden Royal Opera 
before the King of Spain in 1905, 
and sang there in 1904-1907 ; sang 
before the late King Edward at 
the concert of the Royal Amateur 
Orchestral Society, 1905. Agent : N. 
Vert, Ltd., 6 Cork Street, W. 

PARLOVITZ, Eduard, pianist ; e. at 
G.S.M., where he won the Erard 
Scholarship at so early an age that 
it had to be withheld. An Associate of 
the G.S.M. at fourteen, and a Licentiate 
at the R.A.M. shortly after ; he quali- 
fied as Professor at the age of sixteen. 
Since then he has won fame in all the 
most important cities of the British 
Empire. Address : 67 Jerninghain 
Road, S.E. 

PARLOW, Kathleen, violinist ; b. in 

Calgary, Canada, in 1890. When five 
years of age her family migrated to 
California, where her cousin, a Mr. 
Conrad, was a professor of the violin. 
After five years*' study with her cousin, 
she was placed under Mr. Henry 
Holmes, with whom she remained four 
years. Coming to London, she made 
her dtbut as a " prodigy " at the 
Bechstein Hall in 1905, and on 1 Nov. 
played with the London Symphony 
Orchestra at the Queen's Hall. In 
July of that year she had the honour 
of a royal command to play before 
Queen Alexandra. Her success justi- 
fied further study, and she was placed 
under Professor Auer at St. Petersburg, 
with whom she remained eighteen 
months. She has since appeared with 
distinguished success in many parts of 
the Continent and in London. 

PARRATT, Sir Walter, organist and 
imposer ; b. Huddersfield, 10 Feb., 


1841 ; s, of Thomas Parratt, organist 
of Doncaster Parish Church ; e. at the 
Collegiate School, Huddersfield, and 
privately ; commenced the study of 
the organ under his father, and at the 
age of seven took a service at Armitage 
Bridge, near Huddersfield, in place of 
his elder brother, whom he succeeded 
as organist in 1852, when only eleven 
years old ; two years later he was 
appointed organist of St. Paul's, 
Huddersfield, and in 1861 he went to 
Witley Court as organist to the then 
Lord Dudley. His next appointment 
was to the parish church, Wigan, 1868, 
and he was organist of Magdalen Col- 
lege, Oxford, 1872, graduating Mus. 
Bac. in 1873, and later Mus.Doc. ; in 
1882 he succeeded Sir George Elvey at 
St. George's Chapel, Windsor, and was 
appointed professor of the organ at 
the R.C.M. in 1883 ; in 1892 he re- 
ceived the honour of knighthood, and 
in 1893 was appointed Master of the 
Music in Ordinary to the Queen, to 
whom also he was private organist, 
and on the accession of King Edward 
was appointed Master of the Music 
to His Majesty, and is now Master of 
the Music to His Majesty King George. 
Besides being an organist of masterly 
attainments, he is a scholarly and pro- 
found musician, and has written on the 
organ and kindred topics for Grove's 
" Dictionary of Music " and other 
publications, and has also lectured on 
the organ and ancient music. He 
composed the music for the production 
of " Agamemnon " at Oxford, 1880 ; 
set the " Elegy of Patroclus " for the 
production of " The Tale of Troy," 
London, 1883 ; music to " The Story 
of Orestes," London, 1886; and has 
also composed many anthems, songs, 
and organ pieces, as well as odes and 
marches on the occasion of Royal 
weddings and other State occasions. 
He is Professor of Music at the Univer- 
sity of Oxford. He is also a professor at 
the R.C.M., a Past Examiner in Music 
to the Universities of Oxford, Cam- 
bridge, London, and Wales ; Past 
President of the Royal College of Or- 
ganists, Past President of the Union of 
Graduates in Music, and Past Grand 
Organist of the Freemasons. He mar- 
ried, 1864, Emma, daughter of L. 
Gledhill, Huddersfield, and he has one 





son and four daughters. His recrea- 
tion is chess, and he was President of 
the Oxford University Chess Club, be- 
ing for two years captain of the Eight 
chosen to play against Cambridge. 
Address : The Cloisters, Windsor. 
Club : Athenaeum. 

PARRY, Sir Charles Hubert Hastings, 

first Bart. (cr. 1902 ; knighted 1898), 
composer and author ; b. Bournemouth 
27 Feb., 1848 ; second s. of the late 
T. Gambier Parry, of Highnam Court, 
Gloucester. Went to Eton in 1861, 
and while there had lessons in music 
and composition from the late Sir 
George Elvey. He proceeded to 
Oxford in 1866, graduating Mus.Bac., 
1867 ; B.A., 1870 ; and M.A., 1874. 
After leaving Oxford, he studied com- 
position under the late Sir William 
Sterndale Bennett and Sir George 
Macfarren, and, making music his pro- 
fession, he studied further with H. H. 
Herson at Stuttgart and later with 
E. Dannreuther. His earliest com- 
position of importance was a Church 
Service in D, composed when he was 
at Eton. In 1868 an orchestral inter- 
mezzo from his pen was performed at 
the Gloucester Musical Festival. His 
" Prometheus Unbound " was also first 
performed at the Gloucester Festival 
in 1880, and since then he has pro- 
duced more works at the provincial 
festivals than any other composer. He 
was appointed Choragus of the Uni- 
versity of Oxford in 1883, and Pro- 
fessor of Composition and Musical His- 
tory at the R.C.M. on its opening in 
the same year. Among his subsequent 
offices and distinctions were Honorary 
Fellow and Examiner for Degrees in 
Music at the London University, 1891 ; 
and on the retirement of Sir George 
Grove in 1894 he was elected Director 
of the R.C.M. He was created Mus. 
Doc. by decree of Convocation, Oxford, 
1884, and received the same degree, 
honoris causa, at Cambridge and 
Dublin, and the Degree of hon. D.C.L. 
at Oxford later. Is an Honorary Fel- 
low of Exeter College, Oxford. He has 
lectured on Music at the Royal Institu- 
tion and in other places, and is one of 
our most profoundly learned musicians. 
His literary works include " Studies 
of Great Composers/* published by 

Routledge," 1886 ; "The Art of Music," 
enlarged as " The Evolution of the 
Art of Music," Kegan Paul, 1896; 
" Summary of Musical History " 
(Primer), Novello, 1893 ; " Music of 
the Seventeenth Century," "Life of 
J. S. Bach" (Putnam's), and "Style in 
Musical Art " (Macmillan), etc., and 
he has contributed many elaborate 
articles to Grove's " Dictionary of 
Music." Among his best-known com- 
positions are the noble choral ode, 
" Blest Pair of Syrens " ; " L* Allegro 
and H Penseroso " ; the oratorios, 
" Judith," " Job," and " Saul " ; and 
he has written a large quantity of 
orchestral and chamber music. He is 
married to the Lady Elizabeth Maud 
Herbert, sister of the fourteenth Earl 
of Pembroke, by whom he has two 
daughters. His eldest daughter mar- 
ried Arthur Ponsonby, M.P., and his 
second daughter is married to H. 
Plunket Greene, the well-known singer. 
Address : Highnam Court, Gloucester; 
17 Kensington Square, W. ; and 
Knight's Croft, Rustington, Worth- 
ing. Clubs: Athenaeum, Savile, 
United Universities, etc. 

PARTRIDGE, James, organist and 
composer, A.R.A.M., professor at the 
G.S.M. ; b. Stafford, 1850 ; e. with the 
view of becoming a schoolmaster at 
Saltley College, Birmingham, which he 
entered in 1869; having been accus- 
tomed to play the organ since his four- 
teenth year, he was offered, and 
accepted, the post of organist to the 
College, which he retained during his 
two years of residence ; on leaving he 
decided to enter the musical profession, 
and after holding various organ appoint- 
ments in the country and in Wales, 
became a student at the R.A.M. in 
1874 under Dr. Steggall, Mr. Brinley 
Richards, and Mr. Fred Walker ; six 
months later he was appointed sub- 
professor of harmony, a post he re- 
tained for three years ; he afterwards 
held various organ appointments at 
St. Paul's, Wilton Place ; St. Andrew's, 
Hammersmith, and Trinity Church, 
Netting Hill (Dr. Sinclair Paterson's) ; 
pressure of other work compelled his 
resignation of the latter post in 1891. 
Mr. Partridge had become warmly 
attached to Brinley Richards while 

ii (3141) 





acting as his assistant and deputy for 
several years, and upon his death in 
1885 was appointed as his successor at 
the G.S.M., a position he still holds. 
For many years Mr. Partridge held the 
office of " reader " at Ashdown's, the 
publishing firm, an experience which 
fairly entitles him to be considered an 
expert in matters relating to " proof " 
work. Was elected an A.R.A.M. in 
1879, and is an Associate of the Phil- 
harmonic Society. Mr. Partridge has 
been married for many years, and is 
the composer of numerous songs and 
some church music. At the request of 
Mr. S. Cocks, he edited two vols. of 
Brinley Richards' compositions. Hob- 
bies : Omnivorous reading, boxing, and 
fencing. Address : 11 Apsley Terrace, 
Horn Lane, Acton, W. 

PATTI, Adelina (Baroness Rolf 
Cederstrom), was born of Italian 
parents at Madrid on 19 Feb., 1843. 
Her father, Salvatore Patti, a native 
of Catania, in Sicily, was of noble 
extraction, and a musician of con- 
siderable eminence ; her mother * was 
the daughter of Signor Chiesa, a cele- 
brated Roman teacher of singing, and 
early in life took a high position 
on the lyric stage under her married 
name of Barili. Of the issue of 
the Patti-Barili marriage, all of whom 
were remarkable for eminent musical 
ability, Adelina was the youngest. 
When she was still an infant in arms, 
her parents migrated from Europe to 
America, and it was in New York that 
Adelina's extraordinary musical talent 
developed itself with surprising pre- 
cocity. Before completing her fifth 
year she revealed an aptitude little 
short of the marvellous for overcoming 
the technical difficulties with which the 
then prevailing school of florid vocaliza- 
tion was overladen. She was certainly 
the most remarkable "infant pheno- 
menon " of the late forties. At the 
age of seven (1850) she sang for the 
first time in public, and immediately 
took rank as a brilliant star of the con- 
cert-room firmament. When Adelina's 
childish triumphs had reached their 
apogee at the age of twelve, shortly 

i Adelina Patti's mother was married twice, first 
to Signor Barili, by whom she had several children, 
and secondly to Signor Salvatore Patti. 

after Sontag and Alboni had heard her 
sing and foretold her future successes, 
she was prudently withdrawn from the 
concert-room in order to go through a 
course of voice-training, which lasted 
for a little over three years. Her first 
singing-master was Ettore Barili, her 
half-brother. At the age of fifteen and 
a half, Adelina Patti made her public 
reappearance in New York, this time 
on the operatic stage, in the rdle of 
Lucia (24 Nov., 1859), and achieved 
a tremendous success. During the 
ensuing eighteen months she held the 
" lead " in all the more popular operas 
of Bellini and Donizetti, and carried 
all before her in the Empire City. It 
was not until the spring of 1861 that 
a fairly remunerative engagement, 
offered to her by Mr. Frederick Gye, 
then lessee of the Royal Italian Opera 
House, tempted her to cross the 
Altantic, and to bid for the favour of 
a public at that time notoriously the 
most difficult to please in Europe. 
When, on 14 May, 1861, she made her 
first appearance, as Amina, in " Son- 
nambula," on the huge Covent Garden 
stage a slender, dark-eyed girl, dis- 
playing a slight childish stiffness of 
gait and formality of manner only a 
favoured few, personal friends of Mr. 
Gye, had the faintest idea of the 
revelation that was awaiting them. 
From that moment Adelina Patti's 
renown was firmly established in this 
country. In the course of the 1861 
season she repeated the part of Amina 
eight times, and also appeared as Lucia, 
Violetta (" Traviata "), Zerlina (" Don 
Giovanni "), Marta, and Rosina, in 
each case with unqualified and triumph- 
ant success. Her debut on the British 
concert platform took place at Brigh- 
ton, under the direction of Mr. Wilhelm 
Kuhe, during the late summer of the 
same year, and in the course of the 
following autumn she sang at the 
Birmingham Festival. In 1862 she 
created the rdle of Dinorah in Vienna 
and London, so entirely to the delight 
of Meyerbeer that he presented to her 
his original MS. score of " Le Pardon 
de Ploermel." For over twenty years 
the " Diva " sang at Covent Garden, 
and filled to overflowing the exchequer 
of the Opera House whenever her name 
was announced in connection with any 





specific performance. It is understood 
that her annual earnings between 1861 
and 1881 averaged from ^30,000 to 
55,000, and that the latter sum was 
largely exceeded during each of the 
years in which she made professional 
tours in North and South America. 
Her share of the profits resulting from 
her visit to Argentina in 1888, for 
instance, amounted to nearly ^50,000. 
In 1895 Madame Patti returned to the 
stage of Covent Garden, as a special 
favour to her old friend, Sir Augustus 
Harris. She sang with much success 
on six occasions, the rdles selected 
being Violetta in "La Traviata," 
Rosina in " II Barbiere," and Zerlina 
in " Don Giovanni." During the 
same season she took part in one of the 
Philharmonic Society's concerts, and 
was presented with the Society's gold 
medal. An accurate summary of 
Adelina Patti's operatic repertoire 
including five parts which, at different 
times, she found herself called upon to 
learn and rehearse, but, owing to one 
untoward circumstance or another, 
never played in public will be read 
with interest by her countless English 
admirers, and by music-lovers in 
general. Verdi : " Traviata," " Trova- 
tore," " Ernani," " Rigoletto," " Aida," 
" Luisa Miller," " Giovanna d'Arco," 
" Les Vgpres Siciliennes," " Ballo in 
Maschera." Rossini : " Barbiere di 
Siviglia," " Semiramide," " Gazza La- 
dra," "Otello," "Mos6 in Egitto." 
Donizetti ; " Lucia di Lammermoor," 
" Don Pasquale," " L'Elisir d'Amore," 
" Figlia del Reggimento," " Linda 
di Chamounix." Meyerbeer : " Les 
Huguenots," "L'Etoile du Nord," 
"Le Pardon de Ploennel," "Robert 
le Diable." Bellini: "La Sonnam- 
bula," " I Puritani." Mozart : " Nozze 
di Figaro," "Don Giovanni," "II 
Flauto Magico." Gounod ; " Faust," 
"Rom6o et Juliette," "Mireille." 
Auber: "Les Diamans de la Cour- 
onne," " Fra Diavolo." Poniatowski : 
' Gelmina/' " Don Desiderio." Bizet : 
' Carmen." Flotow : " Marta." Ricci : 
' Crispino e la Comare." Campana : 
' Esmeralda." Lenepveu: "Velleda." 
Cohen : " Estrella," " L'Africaine," 
' Lakm6 " (Pizzi), " Gabriella "(Plan), 
' Les Bluets " (Cohen), and " Dolores " 
(Pollonnais). For many years her 

Albert Hall concerts and British 
provincial engagements were arranged 
by Mr. Percy Harrison, her rates of 
remuneration being fixed at ^800 for 
every London performance and 500 
per concert in the provinces. On 
numerous occasions Madame Patti has 
sung gratuitously in aid of meritorious 
charities, and the hospitals of Swansea, 
Brecon, Neath, and Cardiff in par- 
ticular, owe her a deep debt of grati- 
tude for the valuable services she has 
rendered to those beneficent institu- 
tions. Address : Craig-y-Nos Castle, 
Pen-y-Cae, S.O., Breconshire, South 

PAUEB, Max, pianist ; has given 
numerous recitals at the Bechstein 
Hall, and has appeared at all the prin- 
cipal concerts in London and on the 
Continent. Agent : Geo. Albert 
Backhaus, 195 Regent Street, W. 

PAINE, Arthur W., violinist and 
conductor ; b. London in 1863 ; e. at 
the R.A.M. under Weist Hill and H. C. 
Banister, and is a F.R.A.M. ; m. Miss 
Brennan in 1887 ; was for eleven years 
conductor of the Stock Exchange Or- 
chestral Society, and still conducts the 
Llandudno Pavilion Concerts and 
Royal Amateur Orchestral Society, 
late leader of the London Symphony 
Orchestra and the Royal Choral 
Society's Orchestra ; late leader of the 
Queen's Hall Orchestra and Liverpool 
Philharmonic Society ; was one of the 
earliest appointed violin professors at 
the G.S.M. Address: "Harcourt," 
Palace Road, Tulse Hill, S.W. 

PARC, Charles W., organist, com- 
poser, and writer ; b. Salisbury, Wilts, 
5 Dec., 1856; s. of Mr. William 
Charles Pearce, parish clerk of St. 
Martin's, Salisbury ; e. at St. Martin's 
School, and for music by Theodore Ed. 
Aylward (organ) and C. J. Read 
(piano and composition), afterwards 
articled to Dr. C. G. Verrinder in 
London, and later studied with Dr. 
E. J. Hopkins. At the age of four- 
teen appointed organist of St. Martin's 
(Easter, 1871). In 1874 became 
organist of St. Luke's, Old Street, 
London, where he remained till 1885, 
when he became organist at St. 





Clement's, Eastcheap, a position he 
still holds. In 1881 he took his Mus. 
Bac. Cantab., proceeding to Mus.Doc. 
in 1884. Dr. Pearce holds a large 
number of important musical appoint- 
ments : Professor of organ and com- 
position at Trinity College since 1882 ; 
professor of harmony at the G.S.M., 
1898-1912, he became Director of 
Examinations at Trinity College in 
1902, in succession to the late Dr. 
James Higgs ; he has also acted as 
examiner at Cambridge University, at 
London University, at Durham Uni- 
versity, and Victoria University (Man- 
chester) ; has been external examiner 
for the R.C.M., the Royal Manchester 
College of Music, and examiner for 
diplomas at the Royal College of 
Organists. He is an ardent Freemason, 
and has been W.M. of the Incorporated 
Society of Musicians Lodge, No. 2881. 
Not the least of his many spheres of 
activity is his editorship, jointly with 
Dr. Charles Vincent, of The Organist 
and Choirmaster. Dr. Pearce married 
Miss Agnes Bird in 1887. Address : 
7 Avenue Road, Highgate, N. 

PEARSON, William John Kirkby, 

manager of the Bechstein Hall ; b. 
Sheffield, 1871 ; s. of Edward W. R. 
Pearson, schoolmaster ; e. at St. John's 
College, Battersea, studying privately 
for the musical profession ; m. Miss 
Kirkby Lunn, the famous prima donna, 
1899. Amusements : Shooting, bridge. 
Address : Bechstein Hall, Wigmore 
Street, W. Telephone : 1280 Padding- 

PECSKAI, Louis, violinist ; b. Fiume, 
Hungary, 21 July, 1880 ; s. of William 
Pecskai, Government official ; e. at the 
R.A.M., Buda-Pesth, under Baldini and 
Hubay; first appeared at Fiume, in 
1886, as solo violinist ; his principal 
engagements have been in London 
with the Royal Philharmonic Society, 
and at leading concerts in Rome, 
Florence, Ancona, Turin, Buda-Pesth, 
Paris, Vienna, Berlin, Venice, Milan, 
Padua, Gratz, and in almost all the 
provincial towns of importance in Eng- 
land, Hungary, Italy, and Switzerland. 
Address: 18 Howitt Road, Hamp- 
stead, N.W. Agent : N. Vert, Ltd., 
$ Cork Street, W. 

PfiLISSIER, EL 0., composer and 
entertainer; &. Finchley, 1874; of 
French origin on his father's side, his 
mother being English ; a descendant 
of the famous Marshal Pelissier ; e. at 
Folkestone, Highgate, and Scarborough 
m. Fay Compton ; on leaving school 
went to Switzerland to study French, 
being destined by his father, a diamond 
merchant, for a business career in his 
own office ; his tendencies, however, 
were towards music and the stage ; he 
studied music somewhat promiscuously 
but to such good purpose that he com- 
menced to write songs, some of which 
have acquired considerable popularity 
on the concert platform and the stage ; 
but it is as an entertainer that he is 
best known, and the Follies Troupe 
which he has established is deservedly 
the most popular of the many of its 
kind in this country; of late years 
has appeared mainly at the Apollo 
Theatre with this company. Addresses : 
Elm House, Church End, Finchley. 
Telephone : 241 Finchley. 

PENSO, Irene, violinist ; b. 19 July, 
1887, in London ; d. of Vittorio Penso. ; 
studied under Achille Rivarde, and 
made her debut at the Queen's Hall in 
1902, playing Max Bruch's Concerto 
(No. 2) ; gave an orchestral concert at 
the St. James's Hall, 11 Nov., 1903, 
and a recital at Bechstein Hall in Oct., 
1905; has appeared at the Queen's 
Hall Sunday Afternoon Concerts, Melba 
Concert at Plymouth, Beethoven Con- 
cert at Ventnor with Frederic Lamond, 
the Palace Theatre and the Coliseum, 
also at Cologne with Fritz Steinbach. 
Miss Penso is a great lover of dogs. 
Address : 49c Clifton Gardens, Maida 
Vale,W. Telephone: 1945 Paddington. 

PEPPERCORN, Gertrude, pianist; 
b. West Horsley, Surrey; d. of the 
landscape painter, A. D. Peppercorn ; 
studied under Tobias Matthay, at the 
R.A.M. ; made her debut at the St. 
James's Hall at the age of eighteen, 
giving a pianoforte recital with enor- 
mous success ; has played frequently 
in London, at her own recitals and 
leading concerts, and all over the 
United Kingdom, also in Germany, 
Holland, and America. Agent: N. 
Vert, Ltd, 6 Cork Street, W. 




PERARD, Mme. Petzl, soprano ; b. 
in Vienna; received her musical 
education at the Academy of Music, 
Vienna, under Mme. Schlemmer 
Ambros. Mme. Petzl Perard obtained 
such great success at the public 
operatic performances of the Academy, 
that the Director of the Hamburg 
Opera House immediately engaged her 
for several seasons ; she has been heard 
in Hamburg as Elsa, Elizabeth, 
Sieglinde, Eva, Aida, Valentine, Mimi, 
etc., and her appearances in London 
were selected from these riles. A ddress : 
c/o Covent Garden Opera House. 

If PEZZE, Alessandro, violoncello pro- 
fessor at R.A.M. ; b. 9 Oct., 1835, at 
Milan, Italy, his father being an 
engraver; e. under the celebrated 
Merizhi. First engaged at the Scala 
Theatre, Milan, as principal 'cello, in 
1856, afterwards by Lumley, in 1857, 
to come to London as principal 'cello 
at Her Majesty's. Here Signer Pezze 
remained until 1867, when he migrated 
to Covent Garden in a similar capacity 
under Frederick Gye and Costa. In 
the same year he married an English- 
woman, Miss Emily Wallace. He was 
also engaged by the Philharmonic 
Society, playing a concerto by Raff, 
in 1874 ; he went on a concert tour 
with Madame Parepa, Titiens, and 
Santley, and at the Monday Popular 
Concerts with von Bulow introduced 
for the first time the famous Polonaise 
of Chopin in England; he succeeded 
Piatti as 'cello professor at R.A.M. 
Has had many famous pupils White- 
house, Allen Gill, May Mukle, and 
others. Address : R.A.M., York Gate, 
Marylebone Road, N.W. 

PHILLIPS, Alfred, composer and 
publisher ; b. 1844 ; of Welsh descent. 
Writer also, under noms de plume of 
" Sarakowski," for pianoforte composi- 
tions, and "Leigh Kingsmill " for 
songs. He was the founder, in 1868, 
of the firm Alfred Phillips, Ltd., piano- 
forte and musical dealers, and in 1883, 
in conjunction with Mr. Sydney Page, 
started the wholesale music publishing 
firm of Phillips & Page. In that year 
he opened up correspondence with the 
late M. Charles Gounod, and was suc- 
cessful in obtaining for the new firm 


the copyrights of his songs, " King of 
Love," "Glory to Thee," "For ever 
with the Lord," and several others 
which immediately brought the new 
firm into great prominence, as some- 
thing like twenty years had elapsed 
since Gounod's previous English song, 
" There is a Green Hill," had been pub- 
lished. Shortly after Gounod's death, 
the partners journeyed together to 
Paris and secured from Madame 
Gounod the remaining MS. songs of 
her husband, including the celebrated 
" O Divine Redeemer." In its original 
form for voice and orchestra it was 
entitled " Repentir," and had French 
words. Mr. Phillips wrote the English 
words and arranged the pianoforte 
accompaniments from the orchestral 
score. He retired from the firm in 1898, 
and went to reside for some years in 
North Devon. Mr. Phillips has written 
a great many lyrics for musical setting ; 
and has also written and composed a 
number of Sunday school anniversary 
hymns, " Voces Angelorum," "Christus 
Victor," "The Voice of Jesus," etc., 
which have been sung at the Crystal 
Palace gatherings. A tune of his, " Rose- 
hill" (" Lord in this Thy mercy's day "), 
will be found in Sullivan's "Church 
Hymns." Recreations : Gardening, 
woodcarving, bowls, tennis, chess, 
sketching, fishing, swimming, and 
sailing. Address : Llanoley, Har- 

PHILLIPS, Charles, baritone and 
teacher of singing ; b. at Ayr ; s. of 
Major Edward Phillips ; e. at Reading 
School ; was prepared for his musical 
career by Edwin Holland at the R. A.M. 
and later by Signor Moretti in Milan ; 
m. Ethel Barns, the well-known violin- 
ist and composer; made his first 
appearance, in 1892, at his own recital 
at the St. James's Hall, and has since 
sung at all the principal concerts in 
London and the provinces, including 
Worcester and other festivals, Covent 
Garden Promenades, and Patti Con- 
certs ; he and his wife have also given 
numerous recitals, besides organising 
the Barns-Phillips' Chamber Concerts, 
four in every season, now in their 
eighteenth season. Mr. Phillips has a 
large teaching connection in London, 
and is a Professor and Examiner at 





and Fellow of the R. A.M. Recreations : 
Motoring, golf, and lawn tennis. 
Address : 75 Belsize Park Gardens, 
Hampstead. Telephone : 5853 Hamp- 

PHILLIPS, Lawson (Harry Stinch- 
combe), tenor ; b. Bristol, 1874 ; s. of 
John Stinchcombe, commercial travel- 
ler ; e. at Clifton ; studied singing with 
Frank Pridmore, A. George, and 
Herbert Kinsley ; first appeared at the 
Chiswick Town Hall ; has since sung 
at the Queen's Hall, St. James's Hall, 
People's Palace, Bechstein Hall, and 
other principal halls in London and 

PHILLIPS, Montague Pawcett, com- 
poser and organist ; b. London, 
13 Nov., 1885; s. of Richard L. 
Phillips ; e. at the R.A.M., where he 
studied composition under Frederick 
Corder ; m. Clara Butterworth, the 
well-known vocalist. His principal 
compositions include " Symphonic 
Scherzo " ; overture, " Boadicea " 
(London Symphony Orchestra, con- 
ducted by composer, 10 Feb., 1913), 
Piano Concerto in F sharp minor 
(played by Miss Irene Scharrer), 
string quartet in D major, " Fidelity " 
(song with orchestra, Promenade Con- 
cert, 1908, sung by Miss Butterworth), 
Phantasy for violin and orchestra 
(1912), Symphony in C minor (pro- 
duced at the composer's Orchestral 
Concert, Queen's Hall, 17 May, 1912), 
about fifty songs, numerous part songs, 
piano and organ pieces ; is F.R.C.O., 
A.R.A.M., and Associate of the Phil- 
harmonic Society. Recreations : Ten- 
nis and cricket. Address : " Home- 
side," Esher, Surrey. 

PDGRPOINT, Bantock, baritone and 
teacher of singing ; b. Runcorn, 
Cheshire, 8 Aug., 1854 ; 5. of Robert 
Jackson Herpoint, tanner and currier ; 
nephew of Dr. George Granville 
Bantock, and cousin of Granville 
Bantock, composer, and Leedham 
Bantock, actor and playwright ; e. at 
Halton and Prescot Grammar Schools ; 
was previously engaged in his father's 
business ; was for some years organist 
at the Congregational Chapel, Runcorn ; 

prepared for the musical profession 
at the R.A.M. and the G.S.M., and 
was also a private pupil of William 
Shakespeare and George Henschel ; 
has appeared as soloist with all the 
principal choral societies in the United 
Kingdom, and has also sung at the Nor- 
wich, Chester (twice), Bristol (twice), 
Tewkesbury, Cheltenham, and Bourne- 
mouth Festivals. Took part in the 
first performance of Prout's edition of 
" The Messiah " for the Royal Society 
of Musicians, Queen's Hall, Patti Con- 
certs, etc. ; he sang for the first time, 
at a few hours' notice, in Sullivan's 
" Golden Legend," Berlioz's " Faust," 
and Dvorak's " Spectre's Bride," all 
difficult baritone rdles. Is a professor 
at the G.S.M. ; has been principal 
baritone and musical director at the 
Carmelite Church, Kensington, for 
twenty-three years ; is a member 
of the I.S.M., the R.S.M., and Asso- 
ciate of the Philharmonic Society, 
also the Acton Golf Club. His favourite 
musical idle is " Elijah." Is an ardent 
golf player and has won many medals. 
Address : 10 Sarre Road, West Hamp- 
stead, N.W. 

PINTEL, Jacques, pianist; b. Odessa, 
1880 ; at the age of five he played 
the piano before Anton Rubin- 
stein, who was so delighted with the 
little prodigy that he wished to take 
him to St. Petersburg and direct his 
musical career. His father refused the 
offer for religious reasons, and the boy 
continued his musical studies at Kief ; 
going to Paris as a youth, he earned a 
livelihood by playing at cafes and 
giving lessons. The money thus gained 
helped him to obtain admission to the 
Conservatoire, where he studied under 
the best professors and secured numer- 
ous distinctions. He has given, with 
the greatest success, recitals in Paris 
and other continental cities, and made 
a highly successful d&but in London in 
the summer of 1906. 

PITCHER, Richard James, teacher 
of singing and pianoforte ; b. Devon- 
port, 10 April, 1870, where his father 
is in business as a Government con- 
tractor ; e. at Clifton Grammar School, 
Plymouth, and later privately under 
Sir F. Bridge, Ernst Pauer, Frederick 





Cliffe, and in Milan for singing. First 
professional appearance at the Guild- 
hall Concerts at Plymouth ; is F.R.C.O., 
Mus.Bac. (Dunelm), and A.R.C.M. 
(double diploma, for pianoforte and 
singing). Has filled various organ 
appointments in London, Plymouth, 
Lowestoft, and Scarborough; in the 
last-mentioned places was conductor 
of the local Choral Society, in Lowes- 
toft (1892-97), and Scarborough (1897- 
1903) ; is at present organist and choir- 
master of St. Mary's, Kilburn, and 
professor of singing at the G.S.M. ; 
has lectured and written extensively 
upon the arts of singing and teaching 
singing. Hobby : Photography. Ad- 
dress : 21 Boundary Road, St. John's 
Wood, N.W. 

PITT, Percy, conductor and com- 
poser ; musical director of the Royal 
Opera, Covent Garden ; b. 4 Jan., 1870, 
in London, his parents being uncon- 
nected with the musical profession ; 
studied music in Paris and at Leipzig 
and Munich under Carl Reinecke, S. 
Jadassohn, and Rheinberger ; returned 
to England in 1893; in 1895 was 
chorus master for the Mottl Concerts ; 
in 1896 became organist at Queen's 
Hall ; in 1902 appointed maestro al 
piano at Royal Opera, Covent Garden, 
subsequently acting as musical adviser 
to the syndicate, and in 1906 assistant 
conductor of the orchestra for summer 
and autumn seasons. Upon the retire- 
ment of M. Andr6 Messager, in 1907, to 
take up the directorship of the Grand 
Opera in Paris, Mr. Pitt succeeded him 
in the position of musical director, thus 
affording his countrymen the gratifica- 
tion of seeing an Englishman at the 
head of the premier operatic theatre in 
England, and one of the most superb 
orchestras in the world. Among Mr. 
Percy Pitt's numerous compositions 
are the following: An Orchestral 
Suite in four movements (1895) ; a 
suite, " Fetes Galantes " (1896) ; a 
Coronation March (1897) ; a Clarinet 
Concertino ; overture, " Taming of the 
Shrew " ; and a choral ballad, " Hohen- 
linden," for male voices and orchestra 
(1898); a Ballade for violin and 
orchestra ; a symphonic poem, " Le 
Sang des Crepuscules " ; and " Cinder- 
ella," a musical fairy tale (1899) ; suite 

de ballet, " Dance Rhythms," and the 
incidental music to Mr. Stephen 
Phillips's play, " Paolo and Francesca " 
(1901) ; incidental music to " Richard 
the Second " and " Flodden Field," for 
Mr. Tree's performances at His 
Majesty's Theatre (1903) ; two series 
of vocal poems with orchestral accom- 
paniment, one for baritone (Phil- 
harmonic Society, 1903), the other for 
mezzo-soprano (Queen's Hall Sym- 
phony Concerts, 1904), " La Serenade " 
(for small orchestra), and the Sym- 
phony composed for the Birming- 
ham Musical Festival of 1906. This 
does not, however, exhaust the cata- 
logue of Mr. Pitt's creative output, as 
there must also be placed to the credit 
of his account a ballet, two cantatas, 
part-songs, chamber music, pianoforte 
pieces, studies, and songs. Address : 
5 Primrose Hill Studios, N.W. 

PLEYY, Henry, tenor and teacher of 
singing; 6. Westhope, near Hereford, 
15 Nov., 1873 ; 5. of William Plevy, 
landowner ; e. at Moravian Boys' 
School, Ockbrook ; was previously 
occupied as a farmer ; was for six 
years an organist in Herefordshire 
before he came to London to study 
singing ; studied at the R.A.M. from 
1898-1901, also with Sir Henry J. 
Wood, Mr. Allen GiU, Signer Baraldi 
and others ; his first important engage- 
ment was as principal tenor in " Elijah," 
at the Liverpool Musical Society's Con- 
cert at St. George's Hall ; has sung at 
the Beethoven Festival, Queen's Hall, 
Cumberland Musical Festival, Crystal 
Palace Concerts, etc. Recreations : 
Shooting and tennis ; is a member of 
the R.S.M. and the I.S.M., also Wor- 
shipful Master of the Athenaeum Lodge 
of Freemasons during 1907. Address : 
"Monksbury," Etchingham Park Road, 
Finchley, N. ; and Westhope, near 
Hereford. Telephone: 365 P.O. 

POLDOWSKI, Mme. (Lady Dean 
Paul), composer; d. of Henri Wien- 
iawski, the famous Polish violinist and 
composer. Among her compositions 
are " A Miniature Suite," produced at 
the Queen's Hall Promenade Concerts 
under the conductorship of Sir Henry 
Wood in Jan., 1912, and a violin and 





piano Sonata played for the first time 
at a concert of her works on 4th July, 
1912, at the ^Eolian Hall, also a large 
number of songs ; in 1911 she and her 
husband (Sir Aubrey Dean Paul), a 
distinguished baritone were engaged 
for the " Libre Esthetique " Concerts, 
Brussels, when the latter, who has 
frequently been heard in London, ap- 

S eared as an interpreter of German 
eder. Mme. Poldowski is at present 
at work on a two-act opera, the libretto 
being by M. Maeterlinck. 

POUNDS, Charles Courtiee, actor and 
tenor vocalist; b. London, 30 May, 
1862; 5. of Charles Pounds and his 
wife, Mary (Curtice), a well-known 
singer ; brother of Louie Pounds ; e. 
St. Mark's College, Chelsea ; was for 
some years studying music at the 
R.A.M. ; as a child, was a chorister at 
St. Stephen's, Kensington, and, later, 
at the Italian Church, Hatton Garden ; 
still later returned to St. Stephen's as 
solo tenor ; made his first appearance 
on the stage, at the Savoy, 10 Oct., 
1881, in the chorus of " Patience " ; 
in Nov., 1882, appeared in " lolanthe " 
and " Princess Ida " ; in 1885, went to 
America, and at the Fifth Avenue 
Theatre, 19 Aug., 1885, appeared as 
Nanki-Poo in " The Mikado " ; in 
" Ruddigore " ; Hilarion in " Princess 
Ida," etc. ; appeared at the Savoy, 
1888-1892, as Colonel Fairfax in " The 
Yeomen of the Guard," Marco in " The 
Gondoliers," Indru in "The Nautch 
Girl," the Rev. Henry Sandford in 
"The Vicar of Bray," and John 
Manners in " Haddpn Hall"; from 
1892-1899 appeared in a great variety 
of parts ; has since appeared at many 
different theatres and music halls in 
various rdles ; made a fresh departure, 
when he appeared at Her Majesty's 
Theatre, Feb., 1901, as Feste, the 
Clown in " Twelfth Night "; appeared 
at the same theatre, Oct., 1901, as 
Ferdinand in "The Last of the 
Dandies," Feb., 1902, as Rhemius in 
"Ulysses," and June, 1902, as Sir 
Hugh Evans in " The Merry Wives of 
Windsor. His latest appearance at 
His Majesty's Theatre was Christmas 
1911, in "Orpheus in the Under- 
ground." Favourite part: Papillon. 
Recreation; Golf. Clubs : Savage, 

Green Room. Address : Savage Club 
Adelphi Terrace, W.C. 

POUNDS, Louie, actress and mezzo- 
soprano ; b. Kensington ; d. of Charles 
Pounds and his wife, Mary (Curtice) 
youngest sister of Courtice Pounds 
(q.v.) ; made her first appearance at a 
very early age in the provinces, under 
George Edwardes ; has since appeared 
in a large number of comic operas and 
musical comedies at Daly's, Savoy, 
Coronet, Vaudeville, and Criterion 
Theatres, playing such parts as The 
Merry Widow, Jill-all-Alone (in 
"Merrie England"), lolanthe (in re- 
vival at the Savoy), etc., besides 
playing 'in " The Dollar Princess " in 
New York. Address : 15 Wellington 
Court, Knightsbridge, S.W. Telephone- 
2852 Kensington. 

POWER, Sir George, Bart., tenor and 
teacher of singing ; b. 24 Dec., 1846 ; 
s. of Sir John Power, Bart., and his 
wife, Miss Wade, of Clonabrany, co. 
Meath ; e. at Cheltenham College and 
Trinity College, Dublin ; studied sing- 
ing in Italy under Signers Basilli, 
Grafigna, Lamperti, and others ; made 
his first appearance at the Opera House, 
Malta, 1875 ; coming to England, he 
joined the D'Oyly Carte Company at 
the Opera Comique, and created the 
parts of Ralph Rackstraw in " H.M.S. 
Pinafore," and Frederick in " The 
Pirates of Penzance " ; has since 
become a well-known and successful 
teacher of singing ; is a member of the 
I.S.M. Recreations : Music and travel. 
Address: 4 Pelham Street, London, 

PBAETORIUS, Ceeilia, harpist; 6. 
Soutibi Kensington, 1880 ; e. privately ; 
studied the harp under Mr. T. H. 
Wright, Sig. Zamara, Herr Oberthur* 
Mons, Hasselmans, Mons. Godefroid, 
and Herr Kruger ; m. Mr. J. G. Morley, 
the well-known harp manufacturer ; 
is a professor at the L.C.M. and an 
Associate of the Philharmonic Society ; 
her favourite professional occupation 
is playing in concerted music. Address: 
6 Sussex Place, South Kensington, S.W. 
Telephone : 819 Western. 

PRENDERGAST, William, organist 
and composer; e. at Winchester 





Cathedral and privately; graduated 
Mus.Bac. (Oxon), 1898, and Mus. 
Doc. (Oxon), 1904. Principal appoint- 
ments as organist, etc. : Winchester 
Cathedral (assistant), St. Laurence 
(Winchester), St. Baldred's (North 
Berwick), St. Paul's, York Place 
(Edinburgh) ; in 1902 he was ap- 
pointed organist and choirmaster of 
Winchester Cathedral. Dr. Prendergast 
is the composer of a considerable 
quantity of church music, songs, etc. 
Address : The Close, Winchester. 

PRICE, Daniel, vocalist and pro- 
fessor of singing ; b. 24 Aug., 1862, at 
Dowlais ; s. of Daniel Price ; e. at 
Dowlais and Merthyr Tydvil ; studied 
at the R.C.M., where he won a five 
years' scholarship ; made his first 
appearance in 1886, playing in " The 
Water-carrier " at the Savoy Theatre ; 
is now a professor at the R.C.M. 
Recreations : Walking and reading. 
Add^^s : 21 Twyford Avenue, Acton, 
W. Telephone: 881 Chiswick. 

PRICE, Penderel, tenor ; of Welsh 
extraction ; was persuaded to enter 
upon a course of musical training under 
the guidance of Mr. Louis N. Parker, 
the well-known playwright, who was, 
at the time, music-master at the school 
at which young Price was a pupil. As 
an amateur, he sang the tenor music 
in most of the well-known oratorios 
and cantatas long before he had 
decided to adopt singing as a profes- 
sion ; afterwards he placed himself 
under the tuition of Mr. Sims Reeves, 
with whom he remained for four years. 
Mr. Price has sung at most of the 
principal concerts in London and the 
provinces, and his numerous engage- 
ments have brought him into artistic 
association with Madame Albani, Lady 
Halle, and Sir Charles Santley. An 
incident upon which he looks back 
with great pleasure was a visit to 
Craig-y-Nos Castle to sing for Madame 
Patti. Agent : Ashton's, 33 Old Bond 
Street, W. 

PROUT, Louis Beethoven, professor 
of harmony and composition; b. 
Hackney, 14 Sept., 1864; s. of the 
late Ebenezer Prout, under whose 
guidance he pursued his studies at the 

R.A.M., of which institution he was 
elected an associate ; in 1891 he 
lectured before the Musical Associa- 
tion on "A Neglected Aspect of 
Harmony," and has since published 
numerous articles and books on har- 
mony and other branches of musical 
theory, besides lecturing on kindred 
subjects, his principal and, perhaps, 
best known work being "Harmonic 
Analysis," published in 1894. His 
musical compositions include a number 
of songs and a setting of the 93rd Psalm. 
Mr. Prout is a Professor at G.S.M., a 
member of the I.S.M., the Musical 
Association, and the Music Teachers' 
Association. Hobby : Entomology. 
Address : 62 Graham Road, Dalston, 

PROWEDI, Arrigo, violoncellist; b. 
Italy ; studied the violin under Rinaldo 
Franci, afterwards decided to take up 
the 'cello, so studied that instrument 
under Maestro Enrico Bossi, and took 
his degree at the Liceo Rossini, 
Bologna, when twenty years of age ; 
he has appeared with great success in 
every important town in Italy, and 
was first heard in England at the Stein- 
way Hall in 1912. 

PUCCINI, Giacomo, composer; b. 
Lucca, 1858; e. at Milan Conserva- 
toire under Ponchielli ; elected Pro- 
fessor of Composition, 1893. Principal 
compositions are : " Le Villi," 1884 ; 
"Edgar," Milan, 1889; "Manon 
Lescaut," Turin, 1893 ; " La Boh6me," 
Turin, 1896; "La Tosca," Rome, 
1900; "Madama Butterfly," Milan, 
1904; and " Fanciulla del West," 
1911. Address: c/o Ricordi & Cie, 

PUGNO, Raoul, composer, pianist, 
and organist ; b. Montrouge, near Paris, 
23 June, 1852 ; s. of Stefano Pugno, 
teacher of music, and his wife, Adele 
Wintringer ; m. Marie Fischer in 1882 ; 
e. at home by his father, and at the 
Paris Conservatoire under Ambroise 
Thomas, Benoit, Bazin, and Georges 
Mathias. First appeared in public as a 
solo pianist at a concert in Paris in 
1859, at the age of seven ; since then 
he has acquired world-wide fame as a 
pianist and virtuoso of the first rank, 





and has played in concerts with nearly 
every existing leading orchestra in 
Europe and America, and has also 
given his own recitals every year from 
Nov. till May, giving ninety to one 
hundred concerts in the season ; has 
been many years a professor at the 
Paris Conservatoire, and was organist 
and choirmaster at St. Eug6ne, Paris, 
for some time ; has played before 
nearly all the crowned heads of Europe, 
is Chevalier of the Legion of Honour, 
Of&cer of Public Instruction, and the 
possessor of Spanish, Dutch, Portu- 
guese, Venezuelan, and Turkish orders. 
His favourite occupations are playing 
on the piano and musical composition ; 
is a collector of art treasures, pictures, 
and books. Recreations : Fishing and 
shooting. Address : 60 Rue de Clichy, 
Paris. Telegraphic Address : " Gar- 
genville, S.O. France." Agent : N. 
Vert, Ltd., 6 Cork Street, W. 

PURCELL, Kathleen, harpist ; b. in 
Algiers ; d. of General E. T. W. Purcell 

of the Royal Artillery ; is a descendant 
of Henry Purcell, the composer, and 
grand-daughter of the late Admiral 
Purcell; studied with John Thomas 
and Countess Sonerina, the well-known 
violinist ; first appeared at the Stein- 
way Hall as solo harpist ; has also 
appeared at St. James's Hall Ballad 
Concerts, Patti concerts, Harrison 
concerts, the Queen's Hall and leading 
provincial and London concerts ; she 
gives recitals each season at the Bech- 
stein and .SSolian Halls ; played to the 
late King Edward during his visit to 
Ireland, and gave a concert at London- 
derry House; her first concert was 
given under patronage of the late Duke 
of Cambridge, who was a kind and 
influential friend. She possesses three 
of the finest Erard harps in existence. 
Recreations : Tennis and skating. Is 
an honorary member of the leading 
Irish clubs and societies. Agent : L. G. 
Sharpe, 61 Regent Street, W. Address : 
25 Portsdown Road, Maida Vale. 
Telephone : 2140 P.O. Hampstead. 


L, composer ; 
Nov., 1877 ; s. of 

at Brighton, 1 

Sir Cuthbert Quilter and his wife Mary 
Bevington ; e. at Eton College ; 
studied composition at Frankfort- 
on-the-Maine under Professor Ivan 
Knorr. Principal compositions : 
Song cycle " To Julia," brought out 
by Mr. Gervase Elwes in 1905, 
" Serenade " (for small orchestra) ; 
played at Queen's Hall Promenade 
Concert on 27 Aug., 1907, " Seven 
Elizabethan Lyrics," brought out by 

Mr. Gervase Elwes in 1908, " Three 
English Dances" (for orchestra), pro- 
duced at the Queen's Hall Promenade 
Concert, 30 June, 1910, Music to 
Children's Fairy Play "Where the 
Rainbow ends" (Savoy Theatre, 21 
Dec., 1911), Suite for orchestra " Where 
the Rainbow ends," played at Queen's 
Hall Promenade Concert, 26 Sept., 
1912. Clubs: Savile, Society of 
British Composers, etc. Address : 
7 Montagu Street, London, W. 


RAAB, Alexander, Pianist; b. in 
Raab, Hungary ; received his 
early musical education at the Vienna 
Conservatoire, where he won all the 
principal prizes (including the 
Beethoven prize), later he studied 
with Professor Leschetitzky ; has 
appeared in all the chief towns of 
Hungary, Austria, Germany and 

Italy and in 1911 toured through 
Russia with Kubelik. Some years ago 
he gave two recitals at the Bechstein 
Hall, and reappeared in London in 
1912. Agent : Geo. A. Backhaus, 
193 Regent Street, W. 

RADFORD, Robert, bass; b. 
Nottingham, 13 May, 1874; 5. of 





H. S. Radford, lace manufacturer ; e. 
at Bexington Private School ; pre- 
viously occupied as a chartered 
accountant; entered R.A.M. 1896, 
his instructors being Messrs. Frederic 
King, Battison Haynes, and Alberto 
Randegger ; won the Westmoreland 
Scholarship and other awards ; elected 
Associate, 1904, and a Fellow, 1906 ; 
first appeared at the Norwich Musical 
Festival, 1899, as solo bass, singing 
the part of Brander in Berlioz's 
" Faust," etc. His recent engage- 
ments include the Handel, Leeds, 
Birmingham, Sheffield, Norwich, Wor- 
cester, Gloucester, Hereford, and Bris- 
tol Festivals, and the leading concerts 
in London and the provinces, including 
the Philharmonic, the Royal Choral 
Society, the Boosey and Chappell 
ballads, the Halte concerts, etc. Has 
appeared frequently in opera of recent 
years, playing leading bass rdles in 
German, Italian, French, and English 
opera at Covent Garden and elsewhere. 
Is an able pianist. His favourite parts 
are the bass solos in Haydn's " Crea- 
tion/' and in opera King Mark in 
Wagner's " Tristan and Isolde." Re- 
creations : Golf, sketching, and musical 
composition. Is a member of the 
Savage Club, R.A.M. Club, the I.S.M., 
etc. Address: 63 Haverstock Hill, 
N.W. Telephone : 1050 P.O. Hamp- 
stead. Agent: Ibbs & Tillett, 19 
Hanover Square, W. Telegraphic 
Address : Sonority, London. 

RADNOR, Helen, Countess of, 

amateur musician ; well known in 
that capacity under her former title of 
Viscountess Folkestone ; she took a 
prominent part in the foundation of 
the R.C.M. and gave the first concert 
with her Ladies' String Band and 
Chorus at Stafford House in 1881 
for the benefit of that institution, when 
1,000 was realised. Fifteen annual 
concerts were given by this band 
which she conducted at the old St. 
James's Hall and elsewhere, for 
various charities and especially for the 
benefit of the People's Entertainment 
Society in which she took a prominent 
interest ; at the last concert she gave, 
the Duke of Saxe-Coburg Gotha 
bestowed upon her the highest grade 
of the Order for " Kunst und 

Wissenschaft." Lady Radnor has 
published several songs and is the 
Editor of " An Order of Service for 
Children," Carol Service, etc., etc., 
published by Novello. Address : 12 
Upper Brook Street, W. 

BANALOW, Frederick Baring, 

baritone ; b. Kingstown, Ireland, 7 
Nov., 1873 ; e. at Westminster School ; 
studied music at the R.A.M. under 
Messrs. Arthur Oswald and Alberto 
Randegger ; first appeared at the 
Queen's Hall in 1898 ; was for many 
years a lay-vicar at Westminster 
Abbey ; has since appeared at all the 
leading concerts in London and the 
provinces including the Royal Choral 
Society at the Albert Hall, Queen's 
Hall Ballad Concerts, Queen's Hall 
Promenade Concerts, etc. Recreations : 
Cricket and golf. Address : 7 Bruns- 
wick Terrace, Camden Hill, Kensing- 
ton, W. Agent : N. Vert, Ltd., 6 Cork 
Street, W. 

RANDEGGER, Alberto Iginio, 

composer ; b. Trieste, 3 Aug., 1880 ; 
nephew of Alberto Randegger ; com- 
menced to study the piano when little 
more than seven years old and the 
violin at nine ; at the age of fourteen 
he secured the Bologna Diploma for. 
violin playing, Martucci, the famous 
musician, being one of his examiners ; 
he then came to London, playing for 
the first time with an orchestra con- 
ducted by his uncle at the Imperial 
Institute ; although strongly advised 
by Sarasate and other eminent players 
to give his whole attention to the 
violin, he turned to composition ; 
entered the R.A.M., studying har- 
mony with the late Battison Haynes, 
also receiving instruction on the 
violin from Sauret ; he next proceeded 
to the Conservatoire at Milan, where 
he remained for four years, studying 
composition with Mapelli, Coronaro, 
and Bazzini ; while at the Milan 
Conservatoire he frequently conducted 
his own works, receiving considerable 
praise and encouragement ; returning 
to London he resumed composition, 
many of his songs being very success- 
ful; he also wrote several pieces for 
the piano and violin ; one of his most 
important works is " L'Ombra di 





Werther," which was first performed as 
a cantata at Milan in 1889, and after- 
wards as a one-act opera in Trieste, 
Rome, and Leipzig, the composer 
himself conducting ; this work was 
also performed at Norwich Festival. 
Herr Kubelik played his Concerto for 
violin and orchestra at the Philhar- 
monic Society (1902) ; also in Vienna, 
Berlin, Milan, Turin, Florence, etc., 
the composer conducting ; has also 
composed a large number of orchestral 
works and instrumental solos besides 
over a hundred songs ; his latest work 
is an opera in two acts entitled " Maria 
di Breval." He is an Associate of the 
Philharmonic Society. Address : 
Trieste, Austria. 

BEAKES, Albert, conductor and 
teacher of singing ; 6. 5 Aug., 1852 ; e. 
musically at the L.A.M., of which insti- 
tution he is an associate ; he is a pro- 
fessor of singing at the R.C.M., G.S.M., 
and L.A.M., conductor of the West 
London Male Voice Union ; from 1884 
to 1888 he was assistant conductor of 
the Bath Philharmonic Society, and 
from 1893 to 1899 conductor of the 
New Swindon Choral and Orchestral 
Society. Address: Kalgurli, 23 
Inglis Road, Ealing Common, W. 

REDDLE, Charles F., pianoforte 
teacher ; b. at King's Lynn, 29 July, 
1860, his father being a professional 
organist, and his grandfather, Ferdi- 
nand Reddie, a pupil of Samuel Sebas- 
tian Wesley, and for some time the 
teacher of Dr. Samuel Wesley ; e. at 
R.A.M. and at Weimar. First profes- 
sional appearance at King's Lynn, 
1870, as a child-pianist. Has given 
several pianoforte recitals, etc., in 
London and provinces. Is F.R.A.M., 
and professor and examiner at R.A.M. 
and Associated Board. Author of 
" Piano Playing on its Technical and 
^Esthetic Sides " (J. Williams). Ad- 
dress : 27 Boundary Road, St. John's 
Wood, N.W. Telephone: 882 P.O. 

REDFEBN, Lilian, soprano; b. 
London; d. of James F. Redfern, 
sculptor; e. at North London Col- 
legiate School for Girls; studied 
pianoforte playing with her mother; 

subsequently studying singing at 
R.A.M. under Manuel Garcia, J. T. 
Hutchinson and Fred Walker; first 
appeared at a matinte at Lyceum 
as prima donna in " Czar and Zimmer- 
mann " ; played principal singing 
part in " Morocco Bound " at Shaftes- 
bury, 1893, for three months, in 
succession to Violet Cameron ; made 
her dSbut in oratorio at People's Palace, 
E., in " Solomon," at Handel Society's 
Concert; sang as principal soprano 
for same society on three occasions 
at St. James's Hall ; principal soprano 
in "Paul Jones," "Pirates of Pen- 
zance," " The Greek Slave," etc. ; 
subsequently toured with her own 
opera and concert recital quartet. 
Favourite parts : Nedda in " Pag- 
liacci," Santuzza in " Cavalleria." 
Hobbies : modelling and musical 
compositions. Address : 12 Roderick 
Road, Hampstead, N.W. 

REED, William Henry, conductor, 
violinist, and teacher; b. Frome, 
29 July, 1877 ; $. of Francis John 
Reed ; e. privately ; prepared for the 
musical profession at the R.A.M. under 
Emile Sauret and Professor Prout ; m. 
Eveline Dreyfus. His principal com- 
positions include " Suite Venitienne," 
" Valse Brillante," " Among the Moun- 
tains of Cambria" (produced by Sir 
Henry Wood at Queen's Hall Pro- 
menade Concerts), scenes from the 
ballet " Caliban " (produced at Glou- 
cester Festival), variations for string 
orchestra (produced at Worcester 
Festival and by the London Symphony 
Orchestra at Queen's Hall) ; also 
chamber music, songs, violin, and 
piano music. Recreation : Golf. 
Address : "Froom," Chatsworth Road, 

BEEVES, Herbert Sims Sterndale 
Joachim, tenor and teacher of singing ; 
b. at Gloucester Terrace, Hyde Park, 
London; 5. of John Sims Reeves, 
the most celebrated tenor singer of 
his time, and Charlotte Emma 
Lucombe, also a professional vocalist ; 
e. at Blackheath, Sevenoaks, 
and at Dulwich College ; prepared 
for the musical profession, first at 
Bonn, where he studied for two years 
under his brother Ernest, and later 





at Milan under Professor Alberto 
Mazzulato, Principal of the Milan Con- 
servatoire, who had also been the mas- 
ter under whom his father studied 
many years before. Made his dtbut at 
St. James's Hall in May, 1880 ; after- 
wards toured England, Ireland, and 
Scotland with his father, and appeared 
at the Liverpool Philharmonic Soci- 
ety's concert, and the " Gentlemen's 
Concerts " at Manchester, under 
Charles Halle. Made his first appear- 
ance on the opera stage 13 Feb., 1884, 
at the Theatre Royal, Brighton, in a 
ballad opera, entitled " Guy Manner- 
ing J> ; afterwards toured in the 
provinces in light opera for nearly 
two years; appeared at the Crystal 
Palace in principal tenor part in a new 
opera composed by George Fox. 
Deputised for his father several times 
with conspicuous success both in 
concerts and on the stage, once for a 
week's run of ballad opera at the 
Standard Theatre, Bishopsgate, in 
May, 1888, and in "The Bohemian 
Girl " at Brighton in 1889. Married 
Annie Mabel Nilen in 1 89 1 . Appointed 
a professor of singing at the G.S.M., 
where he has a large number of pupils. 
Hobbies : Cricket, tennis, and walking, 
and studying operatic parts. A ddress : 
G.S.M., Victoria Embankment, E.C. 

RENNAY, Leon, family name Rene 
Papin, b. St. Louis, U.S.A.; 5. of 
Theodore and Adelaide Papin, a 
descendant of Denis Papin ; prepared 
for the musical profession in Paris; 
first appeared in Paris at the Salle 
Erard, 1900 ; sang during the Newport 
(U.S.A.) season, 1904, and several 
subsequent seasons; engaged by 
Reynaldo Hahn, the composer, to 
interpret his songs at his London 
d&but concert, Bechstein Hall, 16 May, 
1906 ; has since appeared at most 
of the leading London and provincial 
concerts, and has visited Italy, where 
he had the honour of appearing before 
Queen Helena, and gave numerous 
concerts in Rome and Florence ; is at 
the present time (Jan., 1913) in the 
United States. His speciality is the 
interpretation of ancient and modern 
French classical songs. Agent : R. L. 
Pallen, 675 Madison Avenue, New 
York, U.S.A. London Agents : 

Ashton's Royal Agency, 38 Old Bond 
Street, W. 

BfiVY, Aurelie, actress and vocalist ; 
b. Hungary ; e. Buda-Pesth ; com- 
menced her musical career as violinist, 
in which capacity she played before 
the King of Roumania ; received vocal 
training at Conservatoire, Buda- 
Pesth, afterwards appearing in opera at 
Buda-Pesth and Vienna with great 
success ; sang in Milan, Turin and other 
cities in Italy; made her first 
appearance at Royal Opera, Covent 
Garden, 1904, in " Cavalleria Rusti- 
cana " and " Pagliacci " ; has also 
sung in " Adrienne Lecouvreur," " La 
Boheme," "Faust," "Siberia," etc. 
Address : c/o The Era. 

REYNOLDS, Edie, violinist; b. at 
Buda-Pesth. As a child was brought 
to England by her parents, and when 
eight years of age she began to study 
the violin. Some time later she came 
to London and entered the R.C.M., 
and subsequently the R.A.M. with 
Emile Sauret as her master. From 
Sauret the young student re- 
ceived the warmest encouragement ; 
on one occasion Sauret gave a 
luncheon in honour of Max Bruch 
and Tschaikovsky, and invited his 
young pupil to meet his distinguished 
guests. When luncheon was over, 
Miss Reynolds was honoured by each 
composer with the request to play 
his concerto. She played the No. 3 
in D Minor with Bruch at the piano, 
and Tschaikovsky's great concerto 
with the composer accompanying. 
She has toured with Mdme. Antoi- 
nette Sterling, Mdme. Patey, and with 
Mdme. Ella Russell, and has played 
at all the leading London and pro- 
vincial concerts and festivals. Agent : 
Ashton's Royal Agency, 38 Old Bond 
Street, W. 

REYNOLDS, Walter, euphonium 
soloist ; b. Bursledon, Hants, 17 Dec., 
1866 ; received no regular musical 
instruction, but by diligent study 
became a skilled performer on the 
euphonium, and also a player on the 
tuba and contra trombone ; he is 
also a well-known band teacher and 
adjudicator ; has been solo euphonium 





player, etc., of the Queen's Hall 
Orchestra since 1897, and contra 
trombone player at the Royal Opera 
for many years ; has acted as adjudica- 
tor at about 100 competitions, includ- 
ing the Royal National Eisteddfod, 
National Band Festival at the Crystal 
Palace, etc. ; has been Conductor of 
the London County Council's Park 
Band since 1908. Address: 34 
Florence Road, Stroud Green, N. 

RICH, Eva, soprano ; b. Sheffield, 
25 Oct., 1879; d. of Henry Rich, 
Corporation Inspector ; m. Allan Smith, 
violinist ; commenced to study music 
at the age of fourteen with Miss Marie 
Foxon, A.R.A.M. ; made her first 
appearance with the Sheffield Choral 
Union as principal soprano in Flotow's 
" Martha ; her principal engage- 
ments include appearances at the 
Sheffield Festivals in 1908 and 1911, 
Queen's Hall Promenade Concerts ; 
also with Busoni, Kreisler, Miss Marie 
Hall, Miss Fanny Davies, Mark Ham- 
bourg, Vecsey, etc. Address : " East 
View," Leavygreave, Sheffield. 

RICHARDS, Henry William, b. 1865 ; 
deputy-organist at All Saints', Notting 
Hill, 1878-1880; organist and choir- 
master at St. John's, Kilburn, 1880-86 ; 
1882, played the " Vocalion " before 
Her Majesty Queen Victoria at Wind- 
sor ; 1883, A.R.C.O. ; 1885, F.R.C.O. ; 
1881-83, organist to the Kilburn Church 
Choirs Association; 1885, organist 
to the Paddington Choral Society; 
1886, to present time, organist of 
Christ Church, Lancaster Gate. Mus. 
Bac., 1895 ; Mus.Doc., 1903, Durham ; 
Hon. R.A.M. ; professor of organ 
and choir training at the R.A.M. ; 
professor of organ at the London 
Music School; member of the 
Philharmonic Society ; examiner 
of the Royal College of Organists, 
also for the R.A.M., the Associated 
Board of the R.A.M., and the R.C.M. ; 
member of the Council Union of 
Graduates ; Member of the Committee 
of Management, R.A.M. ; Musical 
representative of the Registration 
Council for Teachers. Hobbies: Tennis, 
reading, and bicycling. Club : R.A.M. 
Addresses : 6 Norfolk Square, London, 
and The Slade, Mortimer, Berks. 

RICHTER, Dr. Hans, orchestral 
conductor ; b. Raab, Hungary, 4 Apr., 
1843 ; was intended for an orchestral 
player and studied the horn at the 
Lonenburg School under Kleinecke, 
and afterwards with Sechter at the 
Vienna Conservatoire ; his progress 
as a player and afterwards as a 
conductor was rapid, and he came 
under the particular notice of Wagner, 
of whom he was an intimate friend, 
and from whom he imbibed the 
traditions which, with his own con- 
summate genius, make him the finest 
conductor of Wagner's operas. In 
1875, owing largely to Wagner's 
influence, he was appointed to the 
direction of the Court Opera, Vienna, 
and in 1876 was selected to conduct 
the first Wagner Festival held in 
Bavreuth. Among the herculean tasks 
achieved by Richter during Wagner's 
life-time was the writing of the first 
fair copy of the full score of the 
" Meistersinger," a stupendous work 
that only musicians can properly 
appreciate. Another notable event 
in his strenuous life was the first 
performance of " Lohengrin," at 
Brussels, which took place under his 
direction. His first visit to London 
was paid in 1879 ; when he conducted 
orchestral concerts by the Philharmonic 
and other leading societies; since 
then he has paid annual visits to 
London, giving orchestral concerts 
with the London Symphony and 
other orchestras, and has also con- 
ducted the concerts given by the 
Halle Orchestra in Manchester for 
many years and conducted the 
" Ring " series at the Royal Opera, 
Covent Garden. His commanding 
ability as a conductor has won him 
world-wide renown. He was created 
Mus.Doc. Oxford (honoris causa), 1885, 
and a Member of the Victorian Order, 
1904; is the possessor of numerous 
foreign decorations. Address: "Vi- 
enna Conservatorium," Wahring, 56 
Sternwarte Str. XVIII, Vienna. 

RIOORDI, G. and Co., music publish- 
ers, founded in Milan by Giovanni 
Ricordi (1785-1853). The business 
passed into the hands of (a) his son 
Tito (1811-1888), and (b) his grandson 
Giulio (1840-1912). Giulio's son Tito 





is now (1913) managing director. The 
firm have become famous as publishers 
of the original editions of Rossini, 
Donizetti, Verdi, Puccini, and all the 
greatest Italian composers. London 
Address: 265 Regent Street, W. 
Telephone : 10837 Central. 

RIDEOUT, Perey Rodney, composer 
and organist ; b. in London in 1868. 
He gained an open scholarship for 
composition at the R.C.M., and studied 
for three years under Sir Hubert 
Parry, afterwards receiving a special 
grant for travel in Germany. Since 
that time he has been engaged in the 
usual work of an organist and teacher, 
and graduated as Doctor of Music at 
London University in 1896. An early 
orchestral work was produced by Mr. 
Henschel at St. James's Hall, and his 
compositions include a pianoforte 
concerto, a violin sonata, several 
orchestral scenas, together with songs 
and pianoforte pieces, etc. Address : 
69 Chatsworth Road, Brondesbury. 
Telephone : 712 WiUesden. 

RIDER-KELSEY, Mme., soprano; 
b. New York, 1882 ; first studied with 
L. A. Torens of Chicago, and after- 
wards with Theodore J. Toedt, in 
New York, sang with great success 
in oratorio and concert work in 
America and made her first appearance 
in opera at Covent Garden in 1908. 
Address : c/o Covent Garden Opera 

RISELEY, George, conductor and 
organist; b. at Bristol in 1844; 
at the age of seven became a choir- 
- boy in the cathedral ; in 1862 he was 
articled to Mr. John Corfe the cathe- 
dral organist and after a term as 
assistant, succeeded to the chief 
position in 1876, which he held for 
twenty-three years, and has been the 
official organist to the Colston Hall 
Company from the beginning of its 
history; he was later appointed to 
succeed Charles Halle as conductor 
of the Bristol Musical Festival, and 
was known to Londoners for many 
years as conductor of the old Queen's 
Hall Choral Society and Director 
of Music at the Alexandra Palace. 

A ddvess : 1 1 Priory Road, Tyndalls 
Park, Bristol. 

RITTE, Philip, tenor ; b. at Edin- 
burgh, 8 Jan., 1873 ; s. of Bernard 
Rittenberg ; e. at Cowper Street 
Schools, City; m. Miss Lillie Latte ; 
prior to entering the musical profession 
he studied painting ; made his debut in 
" The Cherry Girl " at the Vaudeville 
Theatre, has appeared at the London 
Ballad Concerts at Queen's Hall and 
Albert Hall each year since 1904, 
besides singing at most of the leading 
London and provincial concerts. 
Recreations : painting and golf. 
Address : 136 Brondesbury Villas, 
N.W. Telephone : 52, WiUesden. 

RITTEB, Camfflo, violinist; b. 
Coblenz, 1875 ; s. of Franz Ritter 
and Emma Ritter-Boudy, pianist ; 
m. (June, 1907) the daughter of Dr. 
Anderson Robertson of Glasgow; e. 
at London, Berlin, and Prague ; pre- 
pared for the musical profession 
principally in Berlin, at the Royal 
High School, where he was a pupil 
of Joachim between 1890-1894, also 
of Prof essor Carl Halir ; first appeared 
as solo violinist in 1882 at Glasgow; 
his principal engagements were Glas- 
gow Scottish Orchestral Popular 
Concert, London Promenade Concerts, 
violin recitals in Vienna, Graz (Austria) , 
Prague, etc. His favourite professional 
occupations are teaching and ensemble 

ROBINSON, Ethel I. (Mrs. Arthur 
Robinson Smith) ; concert director 
and musical agent ; b. Grahamstown, 
South Africa ; d. of Murrell Robinson, 
M.Inst.C.E., Chief Inspector of Public 
Works, Cape Colony, and his wife 
Marianne Bance Ebden ; e. at London 
and Brussels; m. Arthur Robinson 
Smith; her well-known business in 
Wigmore Street was established in 
1896, and it is worthy of note that 
Miss Robinson was the first woman 
to start a concert agency. Is a member 
of the Society of Women Journalists 
and National Union of Women Work- 
ers. Address : 7 Wigmore Street, 
Cavendish Square, W. Telephone: 
793 Mayfair. Telegraphic address : 
11 Musikchor, London." 





ROBINSON, Hamttton, Mus.Doc. 
(Dunelm), A.R.A.M., F.R.C.O., Pro- 
fessor of Harmony and composition 
at the G.SJVf. ; Lecturer at King's 
College, London University ; b. 
Brighton, 6 Dec., 1861 ; e. at the 
R.A.M. Address : 30 Mount Park 
Crescent, Baling, W. 

ROGAN, Lieut J. Mackenzie, M.V.O., 
Mus.Doc., Hon. R.A.M., Bandmaster 
Coldstream Guards. Club : Savage. 
Address : Trent House, Larkhall Rise, 
S.W. Telegraphic address : " Ro- 
ganda, London." Telephone : Hop 

ROGERS, ROLAND, organist and 
composer; e. privately; graduated 
Mus.Bac. (Oxon) 1870, Mus.Doc. 
(Oxon) 1875 ; principal appointments 
as organist : St. John's Wolver- 
hampton, 1863 ; Parish Church, 
Tettenhall, Staffordshire (1868) ; 
Bangor Cathedral (1871 to 1891) ; St. 
James's, Bangor, 1893 ; Bangor Cathe- 
dral (re-appointed 1906) ; is the 
composer of a cantata, " The Garden," 
" Prayer and Praise " (a choral and 
orchestral work), and a quantity of 
Church music and some very popular 
part-songs. Address : Laurel Bank, 

ROLT, Bernard, composer ; b. 
London, 18 Nov., 1872 ; s. of the Rev. 
Henry George Rolt, Church of England 
clergyman, and his wife, Fanny Paulet 
Wood; grandson of Lieut.-General 
Sir John Rolt, K.C.B., who served with 
distinction in the Peninsula War, 
and was Governor of Plymouth at 
the time of his death; is also a 
descendant, on his mother's side, of 
Dr. Charles Burney, the musician 
and author, and is thus connected 
with Fanny Burney, afterwards 
Madame D'Arblay, the famous author 
of " Evelina," etc. ; e. at Winchester 
College, and for the army, and held 
a commission in the 51st Yorks 
Militia Regiment ; received his musical 
training partly at the G.S.M. and in 
Paris under M. Bachelet; has com- 
posed a number of songs, and has 
frequently accompanied his own com- 
positions at the Ballad and other 
leading concerts. Has composed the 

music of a comic opera, "Mr. 
Flame," libretto by Charles Haddon 

RONALD, Landon, composer, con- 
ductor and pianist ; 6. London, 
7 June, 1873; e. at St. Marylebone 
and All Souls' Grammar School and 
Margate College ; m. Fraulein Mimi 
Ettlinger, of Frankfort-on-Maine. He 
displayed indications of being musical 
at an extremely early age. His mother 
gave him his first pianoforte lessons, 
and afterwards selected his masters 
and guided his musical studies. After 
receiving private tuition on the piano 
and violin from Franklin Taylor and 
Henry Holmes respectively, he was 
entered at the R.C.M. at the age of 
thirteen, where he studied under 
Sir Hubert Parry (composition), Sir 
Frederick Bridge (counterpoint), Sir 
Charles ViUiers Stanford and Sir W. 
Parratt in addition to the two masters 
whose names have been given, and 
who were professors at the College. 
He left the College at the age of sixteen 
a good pianist, a fair violinist and a 
composer of some minor works, with a 
knowledge of the orchestra and orches- 
tral music largely gained through play- 
ing first violin in the College orchestra. 
His first professional engagement, ob- 
tained in 1890, soon after he left the 
College, was to play the piano part in 
" L'Enfant Prodigue " at the Prince of 
Wales's Theatre, which post he 
obtained in competition with numerous 
other applicants, and he accompanied 
the famous musical play over 500 
times all through England and 
Scotland. He was then engaged by 
Wm. Greet to tour as conductor of 
comic operas, where he acquired great 
experience. At the age of eighteen he 
met Signor Mancinelli, and through 
his influence as well as his own merit 
was appointed maestro al piano at the 
Italian Opera, Covent Garden, under 
Sir Augustus Harris. He was next 
sent by Sir Augustus on a six months' 
tour as one of the conductors of a 
company including the Sisters Ravogli, 
Lucile Hill, David Bispham, Joseph 
O'Mara, Richard Green, and about 
twenty Italian artists, together with 
a large chorus and orchestra. In 
1893 he was introduced to Madame 





Melba, who required a maestro to study 
" Manon " with her, and since then he 
has invariably joined her upon her Bri- 
tish and American tours as conductor 
and accompanist. He frequently 
appeared at Balmoral and Windsor 
before Queen Victoria, the late King 
Edward and Queen Alexandra. In 
1895-6 at the age of only twenty-one, 
he conducted grand opera at Covent 
Garden and Drury Lane. In 1896- 
1899 he conducted musical comedy for 
Mr. Tom B. Davis at the Lyric 
Theatre. He has been conductor of 
the New Symphony Orchestra since 
1908 ; was musical editor of the 
Artist in 1902 and of the Onlooker 
in 1903. For the past eight years he 
has directed a season of concerts at 
Birmingham, and in Aug. and Sept. 
each year at Blackpool. In Nov., 
1910, he was elected Principal of the 
G.S.M. in succession to Dr. W. H. 
Cummings. Mr. Ronald has conducted 
in Amsterdam, Berlin, Vienna, Leipzig, 
Bremen, and the Academy of St. 
Cecilia at Rome, where he introduced 
Elgar's Symphony No. 1 for the first 
time in Italy. He has composed nearly 
200 songs, including additional num- 
bers to " Little Miss Nobody," " L'A- 
mour Mouille," " Florodora " and 
" The Silver Slipper " ; several orches- 
tral pieces, among them a Suite de 
Ballet and Symphonic Poem; the 
music of the Coronation Ballet, " Bri- 
tannia's Realm " and the " Entente 
Cordiale " Ballet, both produced at 
the Alhambra Theatre, etc., etc. His 
favourite recreations are bridge and 
croquet. Address: 118 Westbourne 
Terrace, Hyde Park, W. Telephone : 
1445 Paddington. 

RONALDS, Mrs. Mary Frances, dis- 
tinguished amateur vocalist; b. in 
New York; d. of Joseph Ballard 
Carter and his wife Mary Chamber- 
lain ; widow of the late Peter Lorillard 
Ronalds, of New York. Mrs. Ronalds 
has been instrumental in bringing to 
light and assisting with her influence 
numerous young musicians whose 
gifts might not otherwise have been 
granted those opportunities so neces- 
sary to a musical career, while all the 
great artists of the day have counted 
it a distinction to appear at her 

salons. Address : 7 Cadogan Place, 
London, S.W. Telegraphic address : 
Vivement, London. Telephone : 1889 

RONAY, Kalman, violinist and 
teacher ; b. Veszprem, Hungary, 1868 ; 
received his musical education at the 
Vienna Conservatoire ; holds the fol- 
lowing orders : Omcier Medjidje, Com- 
mandeur Danilo, Officier St. Sava, 
Chevalier Crown of Roumania, etc., 
etc. ; he is a professor at the G.S.M. 
Recreations : Billiards and cards. Ad- 
dress : 28 Abbey Road, St. John's 
Wood, N.W. 

ROONEY, Kate, contralto; b. at 

Dubbo, New South Wales, Australia ; 
d. of Patrick J. Rooney, of H.M. 
Customs, New South Wales ; e. at 
St. Vincent's College, Sydney, New 
South Wales; passed first class 
Civil Service, junior and senior Sydney 
University Examinations ; prepared 
for the musical profession by Madame 
Christian, at the Garcia School of 
Music, Sydney ; won in 1898 the gold 
medal for the highest pass in singing 
at the examination of the Associated 
Board of R.A.M. and R.C.M., being 
the first to gain honours in these 
examinations in Australia ; the same 
year made her first public appearance 
of importance at the Sydney Town 
Hall with the Philharmonic Society 
in Rossini's " Stabat Mater " and 
Mendelssohn's " Lobgesang " ; she 
organised and toured her own concert 
company through the Australian 
Colonies, visiting bush towns ; after 
arriving in England she studied 
for some time with Charles Santley ; 
her first London appearance was at 
the Festival of the Royal Society of 
Musicians in 1902, followed by the 
Catholic Choirs' Festival at Queen's 
Hall, and repeated engagements at 
the London Ballad Concerts, and in 
oratorio and concerts, with various 
choral and orchestral societies, at 
Crystal Palace, Royal Albert Hall, 
Queen's Hall, St. James's Hall, and 
in all the principal cities and provincial 
towns of the United Kingdom ; she 
toured with Mr. William Ludwig 
through England, Ireland and Wales 
in 1903, and with Mr. now Sir George 

12 (3141) 





Alexander on his flying mating and 
concert company tour in 1905 ; has 
sung songs in the Gaelic language 
at the Festival Concerts of the Gaelic 
League ; she took part in the Gaelic 
Festival at Covent Garden Opera 
House on 17 Mar., 1906, and was the 
first singer to introduce songs in 
Gaelic to the public in Australia ; 
m. Mr. William Kirkham (1907). 
During 1909-1910 she made an exten- 
sive tour of the Australian States with 
her own concert party, composed 
entirely of Australian artistes. Ad- 
dress : Ailsa Park Villa, St. Margaret's- 
on-Thames. Telephone : 1216 Rich- 

ROSE, Algernon Sidney, litterateur 
and critic, Fellow of the Philharmonic 
Society ; e. at Broadstairs, Kent, and 
afterwards in Stuttgart and Yverdon, 
Switzerland ; m. Miss Mary Wheldon, 
L.R.A.M. ; studied pianoforte under 
Buttschardt at Stuttgart and Carl 
Hause in London ; has been for sixteen 
years Hon, Sec. of the Westminster 
Orchestral Society; his musical 
compositions include waltzes, marches, 
minuet, etc., published by Chappell & 
Co., and his literary publications are 
as follows : " Talks with Bandsmen," 
"A Handbook for WM Instru- 

mentalists," " Greater Britain Musically 
Considered," "Blue-book on Pitch," 
" Information Concerning Pianos," 
" On Choosing a Piano," " Dances 
of the Olden Times " ; he was respon- 
sible for forty articles in the " Harms- 
worth Self-Educator " and part author 
of the musical novel " A 439, or the 
Autobiography of a Piano." Mr. Rose 
is Secretary of the Authors' Club, 
Whitehall Court. Address : 10 Stirling 
Mansions, Hampstead. Telephone : 
2159 P.O. Hampstead. Telegraphic 
Address : Azyrites, London. 

ROSfi, Arnold, violinist and teacher ; 
6. Yassy on 24 Oct., 1863, studied at 
the Vienna Conservatorium between 
1878-1881, made concert tours in 
Germany and France, played with the 
Philharmonic Orchestra, Vienna, in 
1881, became leader of the Royal 
Opera Orchestra under Yahn and 
toured with his Quartetto through 
Europe. Leader at Bayreuth in 1889, 

91, 92, 94 and 96 and joined the 
teachers of the Vieima Conservatorium 
in 1894. Possessor of many orders 
and medals. Address : XIX Pyrker- 
gasse 23, Dobling, Vienna. 

ROSENTHAL, Moriz, pianist ; b. 18 
Dec., 1862, in Lemberg ; studied 
piano under Karl Mikuli in Lemberg, 
Raffael Joseffy in Vienna, and Franz 
Liszt in Weimar and Rome. At thir- 
teen years old he appeared in Vienna, 
Warsaw, and Bucharest ; two years 
later in Paris and Petersburg ; he then 
returned and followed " humanist " 
studies at the University at Vienna, 
and continued his musical education ; 
in 1882 he made his first appearance 
before the public in that town, and has 
since made concert-journeys through 
America (1888-96-97, 1898-99), and the 
whole of Europe with ever-increasing 
success. Rosenthal is one of the most 
prominent virtuosos, and is the com- 
poser of many important works for 
the piano (variations on a single 
t-heme papillons, studies, a romance, 
and a prelude). On 9 May, 1912, 
he had the honour of being ap- 
pointed Court Pianist to their Majes- 
ties the Emperor and Empress of 
Austria. Address : 1 Rathausstrasse, 
20, Vienna. 

ROSTOWSKY, Nicolas, tenor ; b. in 
the South of Russia ; studied medicine 
as a young man and actually practised 
for two years as a doctor. Being 
gifted, however, with a fine tenor voice, 
he abandoned medicine and turned his 
attention to vocal cultivation, becom- 
ing a pupil of his well-known fellow 
countryman, M. Korsoff, and later on, 
in Italy, of Signer Vanzo. In a brief 
time his studies had progressed so 
rapidly that he made his appearance 
first at the Imperial Theatre at St. 
Petersburg, and soon afterwards at 
Moscow.. Has appeared in all the 
leading opera houses of his own 
country and has sung on several 
occasions at Covent Garden, where 
he made his English debut in 1910. 
Address : c/o Covent Garden Opera 

ROTTENBURG, Ludwig, conductor ; 
b. at Cernowitz ; studied music at 





Vienna Conservatorium, under Robert 
Fuchs ; was for some time conductor 
at the Stadt Theatre, Brunn, and was 
recommended by Brahms for post of 
chief conductor at the Imperial Opera 
House, Frankfort, was engaged for 
first time at Covent Garden to conduct 
Wagnerian operas in grand season, 

BOYLE, Thomas Popplewell, or- 
ganist ; e. privately ; graduated M.A. 
and Mus.Bac. (Oxon) 1892, appointed 
organist of Chapel Royal, Savoy, in 
1900, and still holds this position. 
Address : 41 Wilberforce Road, 
Finsbury Park, N. 

ROZE, Marie, operatic soprano ; b. 
Paris, 2 Mar., 1846; d. of M. Roze 
Ponsin, a lawyer, and a descendant 
of Count Roze de la Have ; her mother 
was an amateur pianist, and gave 
her her earliest lessons in music. At 
the age of sixteen she was entered 
at the Paris Conservatoire under 
Molker. Auber, who was at the time 
director, heard her sing, and undertook 
her instruction. She obtained first 
prize for singing in 1865, and in 1866 
the first prize diploma and gold medal. 
She was engaged for three years by the 
director of the Opera Comique, where 
she made her d&but on 16 Aug., 1865, 
in the title-fdte of Herold's now almost 
forgotten opera, " Marie," Among 
her subsequent impersonations and 
creations were Anna in "La Dame 
Blanche," Zerlina in " Fra Diavolo," 
Marguerite in "Le Pr6 aux Clercs," 
and the principal female rdle in Mehul's 
" Joseph," in which she appeared with 
the famous tenor Capoul. Following 
this Auber's opera " L'Ambassadrice " 
was written and produced, in which she 
created the principal part, and shortly 

Napoleon III, and it is interesting 
to recall that she was present at the 
last of its kind held at the Tuileries on 
Monday, 14 Mar., on which occasion 
the Emperor received the cipher 
despatch which decided the declaration 
of war between France and Germany. 
Marie Roze remained in Paris during 
the whole of the siege, and moreover 
organised an ambulance and nursed 
the sick and wounded, contributing 
to the expense by giving concerts 
and other performances in which she 
took a principal part. On the termina- 
tion of the war she went to Holland 
and Brussels, having previously 
received from M. Thiers and Marshal 
MacMahon, both of whom were subse- 
quently Presidents of the Republic, a 
gold medal and a diploma thanking 
her in the name of France for the 
services she had rendered during the 
siege ; she was also made " Officier 
de Tlnstruction Public," and was the 
recipient of numerous other orders. 
She also received presents from 
several regiments, and the bronze 
medal of the Geneva Convention for 
her services to the sick and wounded 
on the field. From Brussels she came 
to London, where she made her first 
appearance at Her Majesty's Theatre 
as Marguerite; on 30 Apr., 1872. the 
late Colonel J. H. Mapleson offered 
her a five years' engagement, which 
she accepted. In 1877 she visited 
America under the management of M. 
Strakosch, making her first appearance 
in New York in " La Favorita. Marie 
Roze returned for the London season 
of 1879, but afterwards revisited 
America, remaining there until May, 
1881, when she came back to London 
once more, and reappeared at Her 
Majesty's as Leonora in " H Tro- 
vatore " and as Carmen. In 1883 

afterwards she appeared ? as Th&rdse she joined the Carl Rosa company, 

in " Le Fils de Brigadier," by Victor 
Mass<, and as Djalma in Auber's 
"Premier Jour de Bonheur." She 
subsequently created the part of 
Jeanne in Flotow's " L'Ombre." She 
then studied the part of Marguerite 
in " Faust " with Gounod, and in 
1869 made her first appearance at 
the Grand Opera in that part. In that 
year, too, she took part in the Imperial 
concerts given at the Tuileries by 

appearing at Liverpool as Leonore in 
Beethoven's " Fidelio," and remaining 
with the company for some years. 
She subsequently appeared in oratorio. 
She frequently sang before Queen 
Victoria, and Her Majesty presented 
her, among many valuable proofs 
of her admiration, with a diamond 
brooch and diamond bracelet. She 
has retired from the stage and concert 
platform for some time, and has opened 





a school of singing in Paris, where 
she has a large number of pupils. 
Address : 37 Rue Joubert, Paris, and 
Castel Montrose, Val Notre Dame, 
Bdzons, Seine-et-Oise. 

RUBENS, Paul A., librettist and 
composer ; 6. 1876 ; e. Winchester, and 
at Oxford University ; originally in- 
tended to follow the profession of a 
barrister ; contributed some songs to 
" Florodora " at Lyric, 1899 ; wrote 
part of the lyrics and composed the 
score of "Great Ccesar," 1900; 
composed various numbers for " A 
Country Girl," 1902 ; " The Cingalee," 
1904; "The Blue Moon," 1905; "The 
Dairymaids," 1906 ; author of " Young 
Mr. Yarde," 1900; sole author and 
principal composer of " Three Little 
Maids," 1902, and "Mr. Popple (of 
Ippleton)/' 1905 ; part author and sole 
composer of " Lady Madcap," 1904 ; 
"Miss Hook of HoUand," 1907, and 
"My Mimosa Maid," 1908; sole 
author and composer of " Dear Little 
Denmark," 1909 ; furnished part lyrics 
and whole of the music of " The Balkan 
Princess," 1910; part author, with 
Harold Whitaker, of the farce, 
" Lovely Woman," 1910 ; is an ar- 
dent motorist, a good game shot, 
and skilful fisherman ; is a member of 
the Old Stagers. Clubs : Garrick 
and Royal Automobile. Address : 
27 Shaftesbury Avenue, W.C. Tele- 
phone : 6700 Gerrard. 

RUDALL, CARTE & Co., Ltd., 

music publishers, wood and brass 
instrument makers. Established in 
1780 by Mr. Kramer, who came to 
England in the train of King George 
III. The firm afterwards became 
Kramer & Key, and then solely 
Mr. Key, after which the title became 
successively Key, Rudall & Co., 
Rudall, Rose, Carte & Co. ; and 
finally Rudall, Carte & Co., Incor- 
porated in 1910 as a Private Limited 
Company. Managing Director : Mon- 
tague S. George. In 1876 the business 
was removed from 20 Charing Cross 
to 23 Berners Street, the old town 
residence of Lord Berners, and now 
the rendezvous of all the leading 
flute-players of the world when in 
London. Address : 23 Berners Street, 

Oxford Street, W. Telephone : 6775 

RUMFORD, Kennerley, baritone ; 
b. at Hampstead, 2 Sept., 1872 ; 5. 
of Joseph Kennerley Rumford, related 
to Count Rumford, the celebrated 
scientist ; e. at King's School, Canter- 
bury, Frankfort and Paris ; studied 
singing in Paris under Signer Sibriglia, 
and in London under George Henschel ; 
m. Miss Clara Ellen Butt, 26 June, 
1900 ; first appeared at the St. James's 
Hall in 1896; has since sung at the 
Birmingham and Handel Festivals, 
and at nearly all the principal London 
and provincial concerts and festivals ; 
his annual concert with his wife, 
Madame Clara Butt, is one of the events 
of the London musical season ; has 
received several commands to sing 
before the late Queen Victoria and the 
late King Edward. His recreations 
are numerous, and include cricket, 
golf, fishing, tennis, riding, driving 
and motoring. Is a collector of old 
pewter. Address : Compton Lodge, 
Harley Road, South Hampstead. 
Telephone: 1272 P.O. Hampstead. 
Clubs : Garrick, Beefsteak and Arts, 
M.C.C., Surrey C.C. ; Royal St. 
George's, Sandwich, and several other 
golf clubs. Agents : Ibbs & Tillett, 
19 Hanover Square, W. 

RUMSCHIYSKY, Dr., pianist and 
conductor ; 6. 3 Apr., 1875, at Wilna, 
the former capital of Lithuania; 
e. as a Doctor of Medicine and 
took a medical degree. Studied 
with Toutkovsky of Kiev. Was 
offered by Mr. Bernhardt the late 
director of the St. Petersburg Conser- 
vatoire the directorship of the Im- 
perial Conservatoire in Irkutsk, 
Siberia, which he held for three years. 
Has played and conducted in Russia, 
Germany, France, and lately in 
England. Agents : Ashbrooke and 
Michell, 7A Piccadilly Mansions, W. 

RUSCHE-ENDORF, Mme., operatic 
soprano ; b. at Dortmund, studied 
at the Cologne Conservatoire and in 
Italy. Made her debut in Der Freis- 
chutz at the Stadttheater, Zurich; 
and appeared at the Stadttheater, 
Cologne, and the Hoffcheater, Han- 
over ; she has sung in all the leading 





towns in Germany, Austria, Holland 
and Belgium, and has been frequently 
heard at Covent Garden ; appeared 
several times at the Bayreuth Festivals, 
and also sang Isolde at the Munich 
Festival. For the past year she has 
been engaged as first dramatic soprano 
at the Stadttheater, Leipzig. Her 
repertoire includes the three Brunn- 
hildes, Elisabeth, Sieglinde and Isolde. 
Address : c/o Covent Garden Opera 

RUSSELL, Madame Ella, operatic 
soprano ; b. at Cleveland, Ohio, 30 
Mar., 1864. When about nine years 
of age she was entered at the Cleveland 
Conservatoire, and at ten made her 
first public appearance at a charity 
concert. When she was fifteen her 
voice was already of remarkable 
quality, and Max Strakosch advised 
her to study in Paris. Acting on this 
advice she placed herself under 
Madame de la Grange, and studied 
acting with Edouard Pluque, of the 
Grand Opera. After two years she 
went to Milan and completed her 
vocal studies under Sig Giovanni. 
In 1882, she made her first appearance 
on the lyric stage at Prato in Tuscany, 
in the part of Leonora in "II 
Trovatore," and almost immediately 
secured a distinguished place among 
operatic singers. She was at once 
secured for Florence, where she sang 
the leading rdles in " Lucia di Lam- 
mennoor " and " Linda di Chamounix." 
She next visited Turin and afterwards 
Milan. In 1883 she made an extended 
tour of Spain, together with Tamberlik, 
the famous tenor. She went from 

Spain to Vienna, then to Buda-Pesth, 
Berlin, Warsaw, St. Petersburg and 
Moscow. Her first appearance in this 
country was at Covent Garden under 
Signer Lago in May, 1885, when she 
selected for her debut the part of Gilda 
in " Rigoletto." She was engaged to 
sing at Covent Garden for four years 
in succession, during which she in- 
creased her repertoire to thirty operas. 
In 1887 she undertook a long tour 
through the United Kingdom, and in 
the following year returned to Russia. 
An extended continental tour followed, 
after which she once more returned to 
England and accepted an engagement 
with the Carl Rosa Company. She 
has also appeared at the principal 
concerts at the Albert Hall, Queen's 
Hall, Crystal Palace, and St. James's 
Hall, as well as at the Handel and other 
festivals, and, by command, at the 
State and other concerts at Bucking- 
ham Palace. In private life she is 
the Countess di Rhigini. Agents : 
Schulz-Curtius and Powell, 44 Regent 
Street, W. Address : 19 Loudoun 
Road, St. John's Wood, N.W. 

RUSSELL, Leonora, soprano ; b. 
Kilburn, London, her parents being 
Lionel and Helena Leon ; a lineal 
descendant of Henry Russell, com- 
poser of " Cheer, boys, cheer," and 
many other famous songs. Trained 
by E. Camerini and William Shakes- 
peare. First appeared Bechstein Hall, 
Dec., 1903. Has sung in oratorio in 
provinces, and at London concerts in 
important halls. Business Manager : 
Howard Aynstey, Dudley House, 
Barons' Court, W. 

5AFONOFF, Wassily, conductor and 
pianist ; b. Caucasus in 1852 ; s. 
of Elijah Safonoff and his wife Anna 
Frolowa ; m. Warwara Wyschneg- 
radski ; e. at the Imperial Alexander 
Lyceum and the Conservatorium, 
St. Petersburg; studied with Les- 
chetitzky and Louis Brattin (piano), 
and Nicholaus Zaremba (musical the- 
ory). Made his debut on 22 Nov., 
1880, at the Imperial Society of 

Music, St. Petersburg, and first ap- 
peared in London as conductor of 
the London Symphony Orchestra ; 
was for seventeen years conductor 
of the Moscow Imperial Musical 
Society and director of the Moscow 
Conservatoire, then for six seasons 
conductor of the New York Phil- 
harmonic Society ; is now perma- 
nent conductor of the Imperial 
Society of Music, St. Petersburg. 





Besides conducting in London he 
has appeared at Birmingham, Liver- 
pool, Newcastle-on-Tyne, Leeds, Edin- 
burgh, Glasgow, as well as all the 
European Capitals and important 
musical centres ; he 'conducts without 
a baton. Recreations : Variety Thea- 
tres, Turkish Baths, reading, and 
solitary walks in woods and moun- 
tains. Club : English Club, Moscow. 
Address : c/o Concert direction. 
Hermann Wolff, Berlin, W35. 

SAINT-GEORGE, George, violinist 
and composer ; b. Leipzig, of Eng- 
lish parents ; studied violin with Moritz 
Mildner at Prague, where he first 
became acquainted with the viola 
d'Amore, a fine specimen being lent 
him by Mildner ; studied composition at 
Dresden with Julius Otto, and piano 
with Ruhlmann ; chiefly occupied as 
teacher and composer ; has made 
many successful appearances (St. 
James's Hall, etc.) as a viola d'Amore 
virtuoso ; as a composer is best known 
by his large contribution to violin 
literature; several effective organ 
works by him are issued by Schott, 
Lemoine (Paris), and others ; his 
orchestral Suite, op. 20, and Overture, 
"Le Reveil du Printemps," were pro- 
duced by the late Sir August Manns at 
the Crystal Palace. Principal recrea- 
tion : Lutherie. Has made twelve 
violins, two violas, one 'cello, six 
viola d'Amore, and four viola da 
Gamba, one of which was made in 
commemoration of the Coronation of 
King George V ; a Welsh " Crwth " 
for the Cardiff Museum, upon which 
he gave a recital to the Honourable 
Society Cymmrodorion, being the 
first performer on that instrument 
since 1801. His latest achievement 
is an Elizabethan lute. These repro- 
ductions of antique instruments are 
considered by experts to be unequalled 
examples of Luthier's art. Address : 
41 Elgin Avenue, W. 

SAINT-GEORGE, Henry, violinist 
and author ; b. London, 1866 ; s. of 
George Saint-George, the well-known 
violinist and composer, and his wife 
Jessey Bryce, vocalist; m. Lilly von 
KornatzM, pianist; e. privately, and 
by his fattier in music, receiving 

his first violin lesson at the age of five 
and a half years ; he first appeared as 
a solo violinist at the Alexandra 
Palace, 1881, playing de Beriot's con- 
certos, etc. ; has since made numerous 
appearances in London and the pro- 
vinces as soloist on the violin and viola 
da Gamba ; plays works in many 
styles from Bach (Chaconne) to 
Paganim, Wieniawski, Sarasate, etc. ; 
has introduced to the British public 
three unknown works by Bach 
including a symphonic movement for 
violin, a concerto for two violas, and 
a Trauer Ode for contralto with two 
gambe obligati. Has contributed 
largely to the musical press and edited 
The Strad for several years ; his publica- 
tions include " The Bow : Its History, 
Manufacture, and Use," and "The 
Place of Science in Music," and com- 
positions for piano, violin, etc. Recrea- 
tions : Painting, photography, and 
debating. Club : Authors'. Address : 
3 Walterton Road, W. 

SAINT-SAENS, Camille, composer; 
b. Paris, 1836 ; entered the Paris Con- 
servatoire and studied the piano, organ, 
and composition under Stamati and 
other leading professors of the day ; 
he commenced his profession as an 
organist, and was appointed organist 
at the famous church of La Madeleine, 
Paris, at the age of twenty-two ; he 
subsequently became renowned as 
composer and pianist, and wrote 
several operas which have obtained 
wide fame, notably " Samson et 
Dalila," produced in Paris in 1877, 
and now regularly included in the 
repertoire of the grand opera, besides 
being frequently heard at Covent 
Garden. Other operas composed by 
him include " Henry VIII," produced 
in 1883 ; " Ascani," 1890 ; " Phryne," 
1893; " Fredegonde," 1895; " Les 
Barbares," 1901; " Helene," 1903; 
he has also composed a large number 
of symphonies and concertos for violin, 
piano, and other instruments ; and 
an ode, "La Lyre et la Harpe," for 
the Birmingham Musical Festival, 
1879. He has written a number of 
minor works for piano, violin, 'cello, 
etc., and was occasionally heard as a 
solo pianist both in Paris and London. 
Is a member of the Academic des 





Beaux Arts, Paris, and an honorary 
LL.D. of Cambridge, besides having 
several foreign orders and decorations. 
A ddress : Place de la Madeleine, Paris. 

Minnie ; 6. Bloomington, Illinois, 
U.S.A., of German mother and French 
father. Owing to the premature death 
of her father, she had to earn her living 
when only fourteen years old ; joined 
a quartette in church choir and was 
thus enabled to begin her musical 
education. Upon her marriage with 
Dr. Stevens, she came to Europe. 
Studied in Paris for four years with 
Jean de Reszke. First appearance on 
the operatic stage at Covent Garden, 
in January, 1909, as Brunnhilde in 
" The Ring " during the English sea- 
son ; then followed performances of 
" The Ring " in German at the Royal 
Opera, Lisbon, this being the first 
time " The Ring " was ever given 
there ; she afterwards appeared at the 
two special performances of "Die 
Walkure " during the grand season at 
Covent Garden and a guest perform- 
ance at the Royal Opera, Berlin. 
Mme. Saltzmann Stevens later studied 
Isolde with M. de Reszke, and has now 
added this rdle to her repertoire. 
Address: c/o Covent Garden Opera 

SAMMAKCO, G. Mario, baritone; 
6. Palermo, Sicily, in 1873. He made 
his debut at the Dal Verme Theatre, 
Milan, in Puccini's earliest work, " Le 
Willy " ; this led to a tour throughout 
the Italian opera houses. A remunera- 
tive engagement in South America 
followed, and upon his return he was 
engaged by a Russian impresario for 
a European tour, in which every opera 
house of importance in the South of 
Europe was visited, including La 
Scala; first appeared at Covent 
Garden in 1904. His rtyertoire num- 
bers over sixty operatic rdle s, including 
Renato, Gerard in " Andrea Chenier," 
Rigoletto, Don Giovanni (which he 
first sang at Covent Garden in 1907), 
Falstaff, lago, and Tonio, the six last- 
named being his favourite rdles. Beside 
the varied character-rdfes of 'Italian 
opera, Signer Sammarco is not less at 
home as Germont, Wulfram, and Hans 

Sachs. Signor Sammarco achieved 
something like a record in the 1910 
Season at Covent Garden, for he 
appeared no less than thirty-five times 
out of a total of eighty-three perform- 
ances. Address : Milan, Italy. 

SAMMONS, Albert E., violinist and 
teacher ; b. 23 Feb., 1886, in London ; 
s. of Thomas Sammons and his wife, 
Anne Jackson ; e. privately ; m. Laura 
Tomkins; studied under Thomas 
Sammons, sen., John Saunders, Ferdi- 
nand Weist-Hill, and other eminent 
teachers ; made his debut at the Kur- 
saal, Harrogate, in Oct., 1906, playing 
Mendelssohn's Concerto ; played Max 
Bruch's G Minor Concerto at Queen's 
Hall Patrons' Fund Concert, 27 Oct., 
1911 ; appeared at Albert Hall Sun- 
day Concerts, 14 April, 1912 ; had the 
honour of appearing before H.M. the 
King at the Queen's Hall on 23 July, 
1912, when he played the Saint-SaSns 
B Minor Concerto, the composer being 
present ; late leader of the London 
Philharmonic Orchestra and Hammer- 
stein's London Opera House Orchestra, 
leader of orchestra in Berlin (Russian 
Ballet Season, Nov., 1912), leader of 
the Beecham Symphony Orchestra and 
the London String Quartette. Mr. 
Sammons has the distinction of being 
the youngest member of the King's 
Private Orchestra; he has a large 
private teaching connection, and is a 
professor at the Practical School of 
Music, Margaret Street, W. ; his 
favourite professional occupation is 
quartette playing. Recreations : Golf, 
swimming, and billiards. Address : 
46 Talgarth Road, Baron's Court, W. 

SAMUEL, Harold, pianist and com- 
poser ; b. London, 23 May, 1879 ; s. 
of Moses Samuel and his wife Victoria 
Mallan ; e. privately ; began his 
musical studies privately with I. 
Albeniz and Michael Hambourg, later 
entered the R.C.M. and studied under 
Dannreuther, Sir Charles Stanford, 
and other eminent teachers ; made 
his dtbut at St. James's Hall in 1894, 
playing Mendelssohn's D minor Con- 
certo. Has since appeared at Queen's 
Hall (Stock Exchange Orchestral Con- 
cert), 1903, also at several recitals given 
by the late Richard Temple at Steinway 





Hall, and numerous other recitals at 
Steinway, Bechstein and uEolian Halls ; 
has played solos at the Classical Con- 
certs, Bechstein Hall, has accompanied 
most of the leading concert artistes, 
including Clara Butt, Kirkby-Lunn, 
Ada Crossley, Ben Davies, Plunket 
Greene, etc. His principal compositions 
include songs for " As You Like It " 
(H.M. Theatre, 1907), Musical Comedy 
" Hon'blePhil " (Hicks Theatre, 1908), 
various short operettas, sketches, and 
songs as well as instrumental works. 
Recreations : Photography and country 
walking tours. Club : Savage. Ad- 
dress : Sidgery, Bath Road, Bed- 
ford Park, W. Telephone: 1121 

SAMUELL, Clara (Mrs. Rose), 
soprano vocalist and teacher ; b. 
Manchester, 29 Aug., 1858; d. of 
George Simpson-Samuell and his wife 
Alice Clague; e. at private school in 
Manchester; began her musical edu- 
cation at Manchester under Henry 
Wilson (conductor of the Old Vocal 
Society), afterwards studied in Milan 
under Sangiovanni, and later won the 
Parepa Rosa Scholarship at the 
R.A.M., where she was a pupil of 
Alberto Randegger ; m. Henry R. 
Rose, F.R.A.M. Made her Mbut at 
Manchester in 1874, singing Sullivan's 
song, " Guinevere/' and first appeared 
in London at the Saturday Popular 
Concerts with Joachim, Piatti, Agnes 
Zimmermann, and Sir Julius Benedict 
about the year 1880 ; has since ap- 
peared at the Handel Festival, and all 
the principal London and provincial 
choral societies, etc., is a professor of 
singing at the R.A.M., of which 
institution she is a Fellow ; her favourite 
work is " The Messiah." Hobby : 
Gardening, Address : 35 Dorset 
Square, N.W., and 4 Conduit Road, 
Bedford. Telephone : 716 Bedford. 

SANDBY, Herman, 'cellist ; b. at a 
village near Copenhagen, 21 Mar., 
1881 ; e. at Frankfort Conservatoire, 
under Professor Hugh Becker, from 
1897 to 1902; first appeared at a 
concert of the Orchestral Society, 
Copenhagen, Jan., 1900 ; has appeared 
as a soloist at principal concerts in 
England, Germany, America, Norway, 

Sweden, and Denmark. Agent : Con- 
cert direction E. L. Robinson, 
7 Wigmore Street, W. 

SANDERSON, Wilfrid Ernest, com- 

ner, organist, conductor, and teacher ; 
;pswich, 23 Dec., 1878 ; s. of Rev. 
Thomas Sanderson ; e. at St. Dunstan's 
College, Catford, and City of London 
School ; was prepared for his musical 
career by Sir Frederick Bridge, and 
after two years spent in business 
decided to adopt music as his profes- 
sion ; m. Miss Mary Elizabeth Petch. 
Mr. Sanderson is an F.R.C.O. and an 
L.R.A.M., and took his Mus.Bac. 
(Dunelm) in 1900 ; he holds the post 
of organist and choirmaster of Don- 
caster parish church, and is the con- 
ductor of the Musical Society and the 
Operatic Society in that town ; he has 
composed a large number of pianoforte 
and organ solos published by Gould 
& Co., and is well known to London 
concert audiences as the composer of 
numerous and successful songs, up- 
wards of forty in number, published 
by Boosey & Co., Chappell & Co., 
Keith Prowse & Co., and Leonard & 
Co. Recreations : Motoring and tennis. 
Address : 7 South Parade, Doncaster. 
Telephone : 122 Doncaster. Telegraphic 
Address : Wilfrid Sanderson, Doncaster. 

SANTLEY, Sir Charles, baritone and 
teacher of singing ; b. Liverpool, 
28 Feb., 1834 ; 5. of William Santley ; 
studied at Milan under Gaetano Nava 
(1855) ; made his debut at Pavia in 
" La Traviata " ; he returned to Eng- 
land and studied under Manuel Garcia ; 
first appeared in England at St. 
Martin's Hall, in 1857, in Haydn's 
" Creation " ; in 1857 he sang at the 
first Leeds Festival in Rossini's " Stabat 
Mater " ; made his debut in opera at 
Covent Garden in " Dinorah " (1859) ; 
sang in English opera at H.M. Theatre 
in 1860, playing numerous rdles, and 
was heard at Birmingham Festival in 
1861 ; he created the part of Valentine 
in Gounod's " Faust " in 1863 ; toured 
America in 1871, and joined Carl Rosa 
Company in 1876 ; he has appeared 
regularly at the Handel Festivals from 
1862 to 1906, besides singing at all the 
leading provincial Festivals in Eng- 
land; in 1859 he married Gertrude 





Kemble, a soprano vocalist (grand- 
daughter of Charles Kemble) ; he 
became a member of the Roman 
Catholic Church in 1880, and has com- 
posed a Mass and other church music, 
besides many orchestral works ; in 
1892 he published "Student and 
Singer"; he was knighted in 1907. 
His operatic rtyertoire comprised a 
large number of works, including 
" Trovatore," " Lily of Killarney/' 
" Fra Diavolo," " Figaro/' " Les 
Huguenots/' " Der Freischutz," " Fly- 
ing Dutchman/' etc. Sir Charles 
Santley's public career has been as 
brilliant as it has been lengthy, while 
his personality and his art are alike 
dear to all English music lovers ; 
as a teacher has produced a large 
number of successful pupils. Address : 
13 Blenheim Road, N.W. 

SANTLEY, MiS8 Maud, contralto; 
b. Isle of Wight ; studied singing in 
London and in Paris and made 
her d6but in 1899 as contralto on 
a concert tour with Adelina Patti, 
followed by a tour with Madame 
Melba ; has appeared at the principal 
London and provincial concerts ; has 
played Carmen with the Carl Rosa 
Company, and was introduced to the 
Covent Garden Syndicate by Dr. 
Richter, who heard her sing in Man- 
chester, and who selected her for the 
important rdles of Fricka and Waltraute 
in the English " Ring," 1908 ; has also 
played Maddalena (in " Rigoletto ") 
with Tetrazzini, and in other rdles 
at Covent Garden; was the contralto 
in a performance of Bach's great Mass in 
B minor, given by the London Sym- 
phony Orchestra, and conducted by 
Dr. Richter at Queen's Hall, and sang 
the rdle of Carmen at Brighton 
Festival, 1912. Address : 35 Albany 
Street, N.W. Telephone: 1391 

SAPELLNIKOFF, Wassili, pianist; 
b. 21 Oct., 1872, at Odessa ; e. at St. 
Petersburg, at the Imperial Academy 
of Music, by Brassin (piano), Liadoff 
and Tizck (composition) ; studied both 
the violin and piano as a boy, but on 
the advice of Rubinstein concentrated 
his talents on the latter instrument ; 
first appeared under Tschaikovsky, 

who subsequently introduced him at 
the leading European concerts; first 
London appearance with Tschaikovsky 
at the Philharmonic Society, where he 
played the composer's famous B flat 
minor Concerto at its first performance 
in England. M. Sapellnikoff has played 
for this Society some thirteen times, 
and is an honorary member, a distinc- 
tion shared by only two other living 
pianists ; has composed a quantity 
of pianoforte music, including " Valse 
Caprice," " Gavotte/' " tude," " Elf- 
entanz," etc., etc. ; has residences in 
Berlin, Munich, and Florence. Address 
in London : Michell & Ashbrooke, 
7A Piccadilly Mansions, W. 

SASSE, Harriett, solo pianist and 
teacher of pianoforte; b. South 
Kensington, both her parents being 
musically inclined. Her father, who 
was of German descent, was the son 
of Richard Sasse, the famous water- 
colour artist, and held a Foreign 
Office appointment ; e. in England 
under Mdlle. Colmache, a pupil of 
Rubinstein ; gave her first recital in 
London when seventeen years old ; 
afterwards toured in the provinces 
with Henry Lazarus, the famous 
clarinettist and other well-known 
artistes ; played at the Crystal Palace, 
St. James s Hall, etc., and has given 
many recitals and chamber concerts ; 
is an Associate of the Philharmonic 
Society, and member of the I.S.M. 
and Music Club ; professor of piano- 
forte at G.S.M. and King's College. 
Address : 32 Redcliffe Square, S.W. 

SAUER, Emil, pianist ; b. Hamburg, 
Oct., 1862 ; m. Alice Elb, of Dresden ; 
e. at Hamburg ; began his musical 
training under his mother, and later 
studied under Nicolas Rubinstein at 
Moscow and Franz Liszt at Weimar ; 
has toured all over the Continent and 
in the United States ; is head of the 
Master School for Pianoforte in Vi- 
enna, and Court Pianist to the Kings 
of Saxony, Roumania, and Bulgaria. 
Principal compositions : Suite Mo- 
derae (five parts) ; two pianoforte 
concertos ; two pianoforte sonatas ; 
twenty-four concert studies; and 
numerous pianoforte pieces and songs. 
Is the author of an autobiography, 





" Meine Welt." Address : Dresden, 
Comeniusstrasse, 51. 

TSAUMAREZ, Cissie (Mrs. Arthur 
Whitby), actress and vocalist ; b. 
Bath ; d. of Edwin Bartrum ; m. 
Arthur Whitby, 1895; e. at private 
school, Bath; studied singing with 
Signor Paraccini, Bath, and Henry 
Blower, London; first appeared at 
Prince of Wales's Theatre in revival of 
" Dorothy " ; two years at Lyric, two 
years at Savoy under D'Oyly Carte ; 
played Mrs. Ralli-Carr in " Gentleman 
Joe " ; and several engagements with 
Milton Bode in provinces ; has sung all 
soprano music for many years with 
F. R. Benson's Company, besides play- 
ing numerous parts ; toured for two 
years in title-rdfe of " Dorothy " ; 
played Gianetta in " The Gondoliers " 
at Birmingham. Recreations : Bi- 
cycling, boating, tennis. Address : 11 
Zenobia Mansions, West Kensington, 

SAUNDERS, Charles, tenor; b. 
Stratton, North Cornwall; 5. of 
Nicholas Saunders ; e. at Stratton 
School ; m. Miss Clara Robson, the 
well-known contralto ; he studied 
singing at the G.S.M. with T. A. WaU- 
worth, and privately with Alberto 
Randegger, George Riseley, Dr. Swin- 
nerton Heap, of Birmingham, and 
others ; and the development of his 
exceptional voice led him to throw 
up his profession (law and estate 
agency) and enter upon a musical 
career. Mr. Saunders made his debut 
on 20 Jan,, 1898, at the Town Hall, 
Birmingham, in Sullivan's " Golden 
Legend," and first appeared in London 
on 6 Dec., 1900, at the Royal Choral 
Society, singing the tenor solos in 
" Judas Maccabaeus " ; has since sung 
with consistent success at all the 
leading London and provincial con- 
certs, including the Handel Festival, 
Bristol Festival, North Staffordshire 
Festival, etc., etc. Mr. Saunders is a 
devotee of photography and a keen 
Freemason ; his hobbies are numerous, 
including, among others, carpentry, 
gardening, and fruit-growing ; he is a 
member of the I.S.M., and his favourite 
work is "Judas Maccabaeus." A ddress : 
6 Fairlawn Court, Chiswick Park, 

W. Telephone : 232 Chiswick. Tele- 
graphic Address : " Tenoreggia," Chisk, 

SAUNDERS, John, violinist; b. 
London ; received his musical educa- 
tion at the G.S.M., studied the violin 
under Carrodus and Hollander; is 
leader of the New Symphony Orches- 
tra and the Philharmonic Society's 
Orchestra; professor of violin at the 
G.S.M. ; has appeared at principal 
concerts in London and the provinces, 
and toured with Mr. P. Harrison, with 
Mme. Clara Butt, Signor Foli, etc. 
Address : 70 Bromfelde Road, Clap- 

SAURET, Emile, violinist and com- 
poser ; 6. Dun-le-Roi (France), 22 
May, 1852 ; received his musical 
education in France, where he studied 
under De Beriot and Vieuxtemps ; 
made his debut at a very early age and 
toured Europe and America whilst 
still a boy ; has since been continually 
before the public, and has established 
himself as a violinist of the front rank. 
Mons. Sauret has appeared in practi- 
cally all the European capitals and 
toured the whole of North America; 
he has played at numerous Continental 
Courts and received many distinctions 
at the hands of Royalty; was for 
about twelve years professor at the 
R.A.M. in London, also for a short 
time at the G.S.M. , and many of his 
distinguished pupils are now before 
the public ; he is an hon. member of 
the R.A.M., London, the R.A.M. of 
Stockholm, as well as of several 
musical societies on the Continent. 
Mons. Sauret is a prolific composer for 
the violin, having enriched the litera- 
ture of his instrument by many well- 
known works, amongst which should 
be specially mentioned several violin 
Concertos and a great number of 
well-known " Etudes " for the violin, 
and his " Gradus ad Parnassum," a 
standard work. Recreations : Bil- 
liards and tours in Switzerland, 
Address : 39 Sandringham Court. 
Maida Vale, W. 

SCANDIANI, Signer, operatic bari- 
tone ; &. Venice, ; at his parents' 
desire he spent six years at Milan, 





with the view to becoming an elec- 
trical engineer ; during his apprentice- 
ship he studied singing as a recreation, 
and he made such progress that he 
determined to adopt it as a profession ; 
subsequently he made his cttbut at the 
Scala ; during the five years he was 
engaged there, he appeared in twenty- 
five operas, in addition to studying 
some twenty others ; for several sea- 
sons he has sung at Covent Garden. 
Favourite rdles : lago and Scarpia. 
Address : c/o Covent Garden Opera 

SCHARRER, Irene, pianist; b. 
London, 2 Feb., 1889 ; d. of Herbert 
Scharrer and his wife, Ida Samuel ; 
e. privately by Miss B. Meyer, M.A. ; 
began her musical studies with her 
mother, and later went to the R.A.M. 
and studied under Tobias Matthay ; 
made her debut at the Old St. James's 
Hall in 1901, playing "Rondo Cap- 
priccioso " (Mendelssohn) and " Rondo 
in E flat " (Chopin) ; has since 
appeared at all the leading concerts in 
London and the provinces, including 
London Symphony Concerts, Landon 
Ronald's Symphony Concerts, Albert 
Hall Sunday Concerts, Sir Henry 
Wood's Sunday Concerts, Birmingham 
Philharmonic, Liverpool Philharmonic, 
Norwich Philharmonic, and Man- 
chester Richter-Halte Concerts; has 
also played at the Nikisch Concerts at 
the Gewandhaus (Leipzig) and on 
Harrison tours, also in Holland and 
in Berlin with the Philharmonic 
Orchestra. Address : 210 Gloucester 
Terrace, London. Telephone : 1520 

SCHILLING, Ernest, pianist; b. 
26 July, 1876, in New York; 5. of 
Felix Schelling ; m. Lucy Draper ; 
studied under Mathias (Paris, 1883), 
Hans Huber (Basle, 1890), and 
Paderewski (Morges, 1898) ; made his 
d&but at the Academy of Music, Phila- 
delphia, in 1879, playing an " Im- 
promptu," by Heller ; first appeared 
in England at Kensington Town Hall 
about 1884-5. Played in his own Fan- 
tastic Suite for piano and orchestra 
with the L.S.O., under Richter, 1910, 
and with the Philharmonic Society's 
Orchestra under Nikisch the same year, 

has also appeared at a large number 
of leading concerts, besides touring 
North and South America, Spain, 
Russia, Germany, etc. Is interested in 
machinery, dogs, " Chopin on the 
Welte-Mignon," and sports of all 
kinds. Clubs : Players', Travellers', 
etc. Address: Garengo, Celigny, 
Switzerland, and Bar Harbour, Maine, 

SCHMID, Adolph, musical director ; 
b. Hannsdorf, Moravia, Austria ; s. of 
Adolph Schmid, musician ; e. at the 
Conservatoire of Music, Vienna ; was 
for some time a 'cellist, playing under 
the direction of such celebrated com- 
posers and conductors as Tschaikovsky, 
Brahms, Richard Strauss, Saint-Saens, 
Massenet, Grieg, Mascagni, Leonca- 
vallo, Puccini, Sir Edward Elgar, Dr. 
F. A. Cowen, Dr. Richter, Mottl, 
Nikisch, Weingartner, Mancinelli, etc. ; 
used to play the organ at church ser- 
vices when only eleven years old ; con- 
ducted children's performances when 
thirteen, and popular concert orches- 
tras at the age of seventeen ; has been 
for the last ten years musical director 
at His Majesty's Theatre; composer 
of a ballet (" The May Queen "), 
incidental music to " Oliver Twist " 
and " Colonel Newcome," overture 
and incidental music to " The Winter's 
Tale," also many songs, dances, etc. 
Address: His Majesty's Theatre, 
Haymarket, S.W. ; and 40 Belsize 
Road, Swiss Cottage, N.W. 

SCHMIDT, Florence, soprano; b. 
Rockhampton, Queensland, Australia ; 

d. of Heinrich Schmidt and his wife 
Mary ; m. Derwent Wood, sculptor ; 

e. Argyll College, Sydney, New South 
Wales ; studied singing under Signor 
Steffani, Sydney; toured through 
Australia, where she gave her own 
concerts in Brisbane and Sydney with 
the local liedertafels ; made her first 
appearance in London at the Queen's 
Hall, in 1900, being under engagement 
to Mr. Robert Newman for two years ; 
sang at all his principal concerts and 
then toured through England with 
Ysaye and Busoni in 1901, also with 
the Scottish Orchestra in Aberdeen, 
Glasgow, and Edinburgh ; toured with 
Mark and Boris Hambourg through 





England and Wales ; has given recitals 
with Foldesy and Jean Gerardy. 
Address: 18 Carlyle Square, Chelsea, 

SCHONBERG, Arnold, composer and 
conductor ; b. Vienna, 13 Sept., 1874 ; 
it is understood that he received no 
regular tuition in music, but (more or 
less casual) advice about composition 
from Alex, von Zemlinsky ; in 1901 
he left Vienna and went to Berlin, and 
for a time held the post of Kapellmeister 
at Wolzagen's '^Buntem Theater," 
afterwards working as teacher of com- 
position in Stern's Conservatorium ; 
in 1903 he returned to Vienna, and 
became popular as a teacher ; in 1910 
he was appointed to give courses of 
lectures upon composition at the 
Imperial and Royal Academy of 
Music and Art in Vienna; in 1911 
he again settled in Berlin. Herr 
Schonberg is the author of a treatise 
upon harmony, which has found many 
admirers ; he is a leader of the so- 
called " Futurists " in music and in 
painting, and has a devoted band of 
disciples who proclaim his inspiration 
in both these arts. The first of his 
larger works is a String Sextett (Op. 4), 
" Transfigured Night," to the score of 
which is prefixed the poem of Richard 
Dehmel ; the sextett was followed by 
" Gurre Lieder," after Jacobsen's 
poems, scored for an orchestra of 8 
flutes (piccolos), 5 oboes (corni Inglesi), 
7 clarinets, 5 fagotti (contra-fag), 10 
horns (Wagner tubes), 5 trumpets (bass 
trumpets), 7 trombones, 1 contra bass 
tuba, 6 timpani, much percussion, 4 
harps, celesta, and (as large as possible) 
string quartette : this was written in 
1900, and as yet has had no complete 
performance, only Part I was given in 
Vienna, in 1909, with piano ; he has 
also composed an orchestral symphonic 
poem, " Pelleas and Melisande, writ- 
ten in Berlin in 1902 : it is in one 
movement, lasting nearly an hour. 
On 3 Sept., 1912, "Five Orchestral 
Pieces " (without titles) were heard at 
the Queen's Hall. 

SCHONBERGER, Benno, pianist; 
b. 12 Sept., 1863, at Buda-Pesth; 
e. at Vienna ; m. Elsie, d. of General 
Sir Henry and Lady Tuson ; studied 

under Professor Door at the Con- 
servatoire, Vienna, and under Franz 
Liszt in Buda-Pesth ; made his 
dtbut in Vienna in 1871 ; and first 
appeared in London at the St. James's 
Hall in Jan., 1886 ; since that date he 
has played at all the principal concerts 
in London and the provinces as a solo 
pianist, and with Ysaye and Gerardy ; 
besides touring the whole of Europe 
with Gustav Walter, the great Schubert 
singer, and appearing as a solo pianist 
all over the world ; is an ex-Professor 
of the R.A.M. and the holder of numer- 
ous orders and decorations ; has lately 
attained distinction as a conductor, 
and is at present (Jan., 1913) director 
of the orchestra in " Gipsy Love " on 
tour with Mr. George Edwardes's 
Company. Address : 12 Anglesea 
Road, Kingston-on-Thames. Tele- 
phone : 595 P.O. Kingston. 

SCHOTT & CO., music publishers ; 
founded in 1773, at Mayence, by 
Bernhard Schott (d. 1817) ; intro- 
duced lithography into music-printing ; 
established branches at Antwerp (sub- 
sequently transferred to Brussels), 
London, and Paris, with the sons of 
the founder of firm as partners ; the 
business passed through the hands 
successively of Bernhard, Johann 
Josef (1782-1855), Franz Philipp (1811- 
1874), Peter Schott and Dr. L. Streker. 
Since 1881 the management of the 
London firm has been, and still is, in 
the hands of Charles Volkert. Address 
in London : 63 Conduit Street, W. ; 
and 48 Great Marlborough Street, W. 
Telephone : 1536 Regent. 

SCHULZ-CURTIUS, Alfred, concert 
director and impresario; b. Wolms- 
dorf, near Dresden, 2 Mar., 1853 ; s. 
of Johann Heinrich, artist (painter), 
and his wife, Agnes Roeting ; nephew 
of Professor Julius Roeting, a celebrated 
artist, of the Academy of Painting, 
Dusseldorf ; naturalised as a British 
subject in 1896 ; was connected with 
the first Richter concerts in London 
(1879-1881) ; with the first perform- 
ance of Wagner's " Nibelung's Ring," 
at Her Majesty's Theatre, 1882 (under 
Angelo Neumann and Anton Seidl) ; 
with the Bayreuth Festivals ever since 
1882 (first performance of " Parsifal "), 





and with every German opera season in 
London since that time ; was impres- 
ario of the famous Wagner Concerts at 
the Queen's Hall from 1894-1900, at 
which appeared for the first time in 
London such celebrated conductors as 
Felix Mottl, Hermann Levi, Felix 
Weingartner, Richard Strauss, and 
Siegfried Wagner, largely contributing 
towards making Wagner's music popu- 
lar in England ; also introducing for 
the first time in London great artistes 
such as Madame Ternina and Anton 
van Rooy. The " Curtius Concert 
Club " at the Prince's Galleries, Picca- 
dilly, and later at St. James's Hall, was 
quite a feature in the musical life of 
London for a number of years, pro- 
viding high-class chamber music by 
excellent artistes. Mr. Schulz-Curtius 
has acted for some of the most 
famous artistes, such as Madame 
Melba, Madame Carrefio, Madame 
Ella Russell, Busoni, Vladimir de 
Pachmann, D' Albert, Backhaus, etc. 
Address : 44 Regent Street, Piccadilly 
Circus, W. Telephone: 1811 Regent. 
Telegraphic Address : " Pronomino, 

SCOTT, CyrU, composer ; b. Oxton, 
Cheshire, 27 Sept., 1879 ; s. of Henry 
Scott, a well-known Greek scholar ; e. 
at Frankfort-on-Maine ; his first sym- 
phony was performed at Darmstadt ; 
other works by him have been played 
under the bdtons of Dr. Richter, Sir 
Henry J. Wood, and other leading 
conductors ; he gives a limited number 
of lessons in the pianoforte, composi- 
tion, harmony, etc. His principal 
publishers are Messrs. Elkin & Co., 
Beak Street, Regent Street, W. ; and 
Messrs. Schott & Sons, Mainz. Re- 
creations : Poetry, philosophy, and 
Indian mysticism. Address: 274 
Kings Road, S.W. 

SCOTT-GATTY, Sir Alfred Scott, 
K.C.V.O., F.S.A., Garter King-of- 
Arms, Kiiight of Justice and Genealo- 
gist of the Order of St. John of Jeru- 
salem, composer and writer ; b. Eccles- 
field, Yorks, 25 April, 1847 ; second 5. 
of the Rev. Alfred Gatty, D.D., Vicar of 
Ecclesfield, Sub-Dean of York Cathe- 
dral, and his wife Margaret, daughter 
and heiress of the Rev. Alexander John 

Scott, D.D., sometime Private Secre- 
tary to Horatio, Viscount Nelson ; 
assumed by Royal License the addi- 
tional surname and arms of Scott, 
1892 ; e. at Maryborough and Christ's 
College, Cambridge; m. Elizabeth, 
daughter of John Foster, of New- 
hall Grange, Laughton-en-le-Morthen, 
Yorks, 1874 ; showed a love of music 
from a very early age, his first compo- 
sitions being published in a magazine 
edited by his mother, entitled Aunt 
Judy's Magazine, and afterwards 
republished under the title " Little 
Songs for Little Voices," in three vo- 
lumes ; he has also written several mu- 
sical plays for children and a collection 
of Plantation Songs which acquired 
great popularity, and which were the 
precursors of the " coon " songs of the 
present day. A few years ago he was 
one of the most popular drawing-room 
song writers of the day, such songs as 
" True till Death," " O Fair Dove, 
O Fond Dove," " One Morning, O so 
Early," and "The Open Window," 
having an immense vogue. Address : 
Wendover Lodge, Welwyn, Herts ; 
The College of Arms, Queen Victoria 
Street, E.C. Clubs : Athenaeum and 

SCOTTI, Antonio, operatic baritone ; 
began his career as an amateur at 
Naples, and made his professional 
debut as Amonasro at the Teatro 
Reale, Malta ; he afterwards appeared 
as Carlo in " Linda di Chamounix," 
an opera now but seldom heard ; 
he has been known to habitues of 
Covent Garden since 1890, when the 
part in which he made a great sensa- 
tion was Amonasro, although he 
made his first appearance there as 
Don Giovanni ; he has also appeared 
as Tonio, Belcore, Ashton, Renato, 
.Germont, Rigoletto, Marcello in 
" Boheme," the Count in " Nozze di 
Figaro," Scarpia in " La Tosca " (a 
part he created at Covent Garden, and 
for which he was selected by the com- 
poser), and Escamillo, le Nevers, 
Valentin, and Hards ; in 1905, when 
the now famous Puccini opera of 
"Madame Butterfly" was produced, 
he took the part of the United States 
Consul (Mr. Sharpless), which he has 
since played a number of times. 





Among his hobbies is boating on the 
Thames. Address : c/o Co vent Garden 
Theatre, W.C. 

SEVCIK, Ottokar Joseph ; b. Horaz- 
doviz, Bohemia, on 23 Mar., 1852; 
received his elementary and his first 
musical education from his father, a 
schoolmaster ; he passed the lower 
classes of the Grammar School at 
Prague, where he studied violin play- 
ing at the Conservatoire of Music from 
1866 to 1870 ; his first engagement he 
obtained at the Mozarteum, at Salz- 
burg ; gave concerts in Vienna and 
Prague in 1873, and was in that year 
appointed bandmaster at the Czech 
Theater at Prague ; he became widely 
known through his pupils (Kubelik, 
Kocian and Marie Hall), who achieved 
fame for their highly developed tech- 
nique. Sevcik has written a number 
of educational works dealing with this 
subject, and published a collection of 
national dances and folk-songs ; he 
has held a professorship of the violin 
at the Imperial Academy of Music, 
Vienna, since 1909. Address : Imperial 
Academy of Music, Vienna. 

SE VERINA, Madame, operatic vocal- 
ist; e. in Italy; made her debut at 
Monte Video in " La Sonnambula " ; 
visited all the important towns of 
South America and Italy; played 
two seasons of Grand Opera at New 
York, and has since appeared at 
Covent Garden. Address : c/o Covent 
Garden Theatre, W.C. 

SEWELL, Frederick Augustus, 

organist, accompanist, and conductor ; 
6. at Bradford, 31 July, 1865 ; 5. of 
George Frederick Sewell ; e. privately ; 
m. Annie Rowland ; he began his 
musical studies in his native town of 
Bradford, and later came to London 
and became a student at the R.C.M. ; 
made his debut at St. Mary Magdalene's, 
Bradford, at an organ recital in 1875, 
when only ten years of age ; first 
appeared in London in 1889 as accom- 
panist at the London Ballad Concerts, 
St. James's Hall ; since that time his 
exceptional talent as an accompanist 
has met with ever-increasing success, 
and he has appeared at most of the 
important recitals and concerts in 
London, besides touring for many years 

in succession with Mesdames Albani 
and Clara Butt, while he was Madame 
Adelina Patti's accompanist on her 
farewell tour. Mr. Sewell on several 
occasions has had the honour of 
appearing as accompanist before Her 
late Majesty Queen Victoria at Bal- 
moral, Windsor, and Osborne; also 
before the late King Edward and the 
present King ; he is a Professor of 
Organ, and Accompaniment at the 
R.C.M. and Professor of Accompani- 
ment at the G.S.M. Hobbies and recrea- 
tions : Photography and golf -croquet. 
Address: 16 Sydney Street, South 
Kensington, S.W. Telephone : 1775 

SHAKESPEARE, William, tenor, 
composer, and teacher ; 6. Croydon, 
16 June, 1849 ; after singing in a choir 
in his native town, he devoted himself 
to the study of the organ, and at the 
age of thirteen was placed under 
Molique ; at the age of seventeen he 
gained a scholarship at the R.C.M., 
which he entered in 1866 ; in 1871 he 
won the Mendelssohn Scholarship, and 
went to Leipzig to study ; developing 
a tenor voice of considerable promise, 
he was sent to Milan to study under 
Lamperti ; returning to England in 
1875 he made his first professional 
appearance at a Popular Concert at the 
Crystal Palace; after that he fre- 
quently sang at other Metropolitan 
concerts and also at the principal 
provincial festivals ; in 1878 he was 
appointed one of the Professors of 
Singing at the R.A.M., resigning this 
office in 1880, when he was appointed 
F.R.A.M. ; his chief compositions are 
a Dramatic Overture (1874), a Piano- 
forte Concerto, played at the Brighton 
Festival in 1879, also a Symphony, 
overtures, and string quartets in 
manuscript, together with several 
songs and pianoforte pieces ; he was 
for some time conductor of the Stroll- 
ing Flayers, but it is as a teacher that 
he is best known, and he has been 
extremely successful in preparing a 
number of vocalists for the profession. 
Address : 15 Hamilton Terrace, St. 
John's Wood, N.W. 

SHABMAN, Percy, violinist; b. 
Norwood, Surrey, in 1870; 5. of the 





late Dr. Sharman and his wife, Miss 
Wilson (daughter of Effingham Wilson) ; 
showed exceptional musical talent at 
an early age, and in his thirteenth year 
gained a scholarship at the R.C.M. for 
three years, but the period was ex- 
tended to five years in consequence of 
the conspicuous promise which he dis- 
played ; he also gained an exhibition 
of ^60 per annum for four years, the 
gift of the Worshipful Company of 
Skinners, which enabled him to con- 
tinue his studies abroad ; he was 
entered at the Royal High School of 
Music at Berlin, where he studied the 
violin under Dr. Joachim ; in 1887 he 
appeared on the concert platform, and 
he accompanied Mr. Sims Reeves on 
tour in 1890-1, but his appearances in 
public have been comparatively infre- 
quent, and he has devoted himself 
mainly to teaching ; he was Professor 
of the Violin at the Charterhouse 
School, Godalming, a position which 
he held until 1900. Agent : N. Vert, 
Ltd., 6 Cork Street, W. Address : 
Dormans, E. Grinstead. 

SHARPE, Herbert, composer and 
pianoforte teacher at R.C.M. ; b. Hali- 
fax, Yorkshire, 1 Mar., 1861 ; s. of a 
Yorkshire merchant ; e. at National 
Training School (afterwards the 
R.C.M.), where he held the Halifax 
Scholarship ; first appeared in public 
at London concerts in 1882. Principal 
compositions : Three part-songs (Op. 
54), Suite for flute and piano (Op. 62), 
etc. ; Idylle (Op. 38), piano duets 
(Op. 24 and 59), Variations for two 
pianos (Op. 46), Suite for piano (Op. 
58), Six English Fantasies (Op. 71), 
Fantasie-Romance for piano, " We 
Two" (Op. 73), Preludes for piano 
(Op. 74), Six Two-part songs (Op. 63), 
and Legende for Violin (Op. 26). ; m. 
Miss Bertha Turrell, April, 1884. 
Favourite hobby : Cycling. Address : Kia 
Ora, 14 St. Simon's Avenue, Putney, 
S.W. Telephone No. : 1062 Putney. 

SHARPE, I. G., concert agent. 
This Agency was established, at 61 
Regent Street, by L. G. Sharpe, in 
Dec., 1900, and has represented most 
of the principal artistes vocal and 
instrumental; has been the Agency 
and registered office of the London 

Symphony Orchestra, Ltd., since its 
organisation in June, 1904, when the 
first symphony concert was given in 
the Queen's Hall under Dr. Hans 
Richter. Mr. Sharpens experience in 
concert work dates from 1886 ; and 
he has toured with various artistes in 
Australia, New Zealand, Tasmania, 
India, China, Japan, Straits Settle- 
ments, Burmah, North America, 
Canada, South America, South Africa, 
and Great Britain ; and is now the 
sole business representative of Mr. 
PaderewsM. Address : 61 Regent 
Street, London, W. Telephone : 
5564 Gerrard. Telegraphic address : 
" Musaceous, London." 

SHERWIN, Amy, soprano and 
teacher of singing ; b. Tasmania ; m. 
Hugo Gorlitz ; studied for the musical 
profession at Frankfort, Paris, Milan, 
and Florence ; made her d&but in 
" Lucia di Lammermoor " at Mel- 
bourne, and first appeared in London 
in 1885 at Covent Garden ; has since 
sung at every important musical 
centre in the world. Address : 213 
Gerrard, and 5409 Hampstead. Tele- 
graphic Address : " Cantatrice, 

SHIM, Frederick George, organist 
and teacher; b. London, 23 Dec., 
1867 ; s. of George Shinn ; e. at 
Cowper Street Schools ; studied music 
with Dr. E. H. Turpin ; gained 
Exhibition at R.C.M., and graduated 
Mus.Doc. (Dunelm), A.R.C.M., and 
F.R.C.O. Dr. Shinn is a professor at 
the G.S.M. and Crystal Palace School of 
Music, a member of the Councils of 
the R.C.O. and the Musical Associa- 
tion, and holds the post of organist 
and choirmaster of Sydenham Parish 
Church ; he has lectured on the train- 
ing of music teachers and Mndred sub- 
jects before the Musical Association, 
R.C.O., and I.S.M., etc, and has 
published numerous musical text- 
books, among others " Musical Memory 
and its Cultivation," "Elementary 
Ear-training," " A Method of Teaching 
Harmony," etc., besides being a con- 
tributor to the new edition of " Grove's 
Dictionary." Recreations : Chess and 
cycling. Address : 4 Sydenham Park, 
Sydenham, S.E. 





SIBELIUS, Jean Christian, com- 
poser and teacher ; b. Tavastehus, 
Finland, in 1865 ; appointed pro- 
fessor at Helsingfors, 1893 ; his 
numerous orchestral works, songs, 
etc., have been heard a great deal in 
England, and his " Tornissa olijer 
mpi" (The Maid of the Tower) has 
the distinction of being the first opera 
written in Finnish. Address : Helsing- 
fors, Finland. 

SILK, Dorothy, soprano ; b. Bir- 
mingham ; began her training with 
Mme. Minadieu, and later went to 
Vienna to study with Professor Ress ; 
made her first appearance in London 
at Queen's Hall, afterwards singing at 
the Albert Hall, ^Eolian Hall, etc. ; she 
appeared at the Birmingham Phil- 
harmonic Society and other leading 
provincial concerts ; also toured with 
Mme. Clara Butt and Mr. Kennerley 

SIMONETTI, Aehffle, violinist and 
composer ; began his musical training 
under Professor Gamba and Signor 
Sivori, later went to Paris, where he 
placed himself under Mons. C. Dancla, 
and also studied counterpoint with 
Massenet ; he has appeared at a large 
number of leading concerts in London, 
and on the continent both as a soloist 
and in association with Madam Amina 
Goodwin and Mr. W. E. Whitehouse, 
for nearly fifteen years in the " London 
Trio " (established in 1889), and these 
three artists have for many years 
given an annual series of subscription 
concerts at the ^Eolian Hall. His 
compositions include a large number 
of pieces for the violin, besides two 
string quartettes and two sonatas 
for pianoforte and violin. Lately 
appointed senior violin professor at 
the Royal Irish Academy of Music, 

SINCLAIR, George Robertson, organ- 
ist and conductor ; e. at St. Michael's 
College, Tenbury, of which institution 
he is an Hon. Fellow ; graduated Mus. 
Doc. (Canterbury), 1899, Hon. R.A.M., 
F.R.C.O., and L.R.A.M. Principal 
appointments as organist, etc. : St. 
Mary de Crypt, Gloucester, 1881 ; 
Truro Cathedral, 1889; Hereford 

Cathedral, 1889. Dr. Sinclair is 
conductor of the Birmingham Festival 
Choral Society, Hereford Choral Soci- 
ety, Herefordshire Choral Union, and 
Ross Musical Society ; he has con- 
ducted the Hereford Festivals of 
1891, 1894, 1897, 1900, 1903, 1906, 
1909, and 1912. Grand Organist to 
the Grand Lodge of England, 1902, 
to the Grand Lodge of Master Masons, 
1903, and to the Supreme Chapter of 
Royal Arch Freemasons, 1911. Ad- 
dress : The Close, Hereford. 

SINDING, Christian, composer; b. 
Konigsberg on the Laagen, 11 Jan., 
1856 ; commenced his musical studies 
at an early age, and in 1874 went to 
Leipzig, where he studied under 
Jadassohn and Reinecke (composi- 
tion), Zwintscher and Reinecke (piano- 
forte), and Hermann Schradieck and 
Rontgen (violin). Among his numerous 
compositions are the following : Piano- 
forte Quintet in E minor, Violin and 
Pianoforte Sonatas, Pianoforte Trio, 
Variations in E fiat minor for two 
pianofortes. Concerto (pianoforte) in 
D flat Major, two Violin Concertos, 
numerous songs, and over one hundred 
pianoforte pieces and studies. 

SLOCOMBE, Alfred John Griffith, 

violinist and teacher ; b. Islington, 
17 Feb., 1871, his father, Mr. Alfred 
Slocombe, being a well-known artist ; 
e. at the G.S.M. under Alfred Gibson 
and the late Henry Gadsby. First 
appeared as solo violinist at the 
Crystal Palace, 6 Aug., 1890, when he 
played the Paganini Concerto with 
August Manns' orchestra ; also played 
several times at the Saturday Popular 
Concerts in St. James's Hall ; is an 
A.R.CJVL, L.R.A.M., and A.G.S.M. ; 
a professor at the G.S.M. and Uni- 
versity College, Reading; visits Ox- 
ford weekly as a teacher, and is 
married to Miss Kate Ould (daughter 
of the well-known 'cellist, Charles 
Ould). Mr. Slocombe's favourite pro- 
fessional occupation is playing en- 
semble music, and he is fond of fishing 
and cycling. A ddresses : G.S.M ., and 4 1 
Cavendish Road, Brondesbury, N.W. 

SMITH, Atherton, baritone; b. 
Glasgow, 20 July, 1871 ; s. of James 





Smith, merchant ; m. July, 1903, to 
Nanette Dalmas, of Philadelphia (sister 
of Philip Dalmas, a well-known Ameri- 
can musician) ; e. Glasgow ; prepared 
for the musical profession in Glasgow 
privately for three years, then went to 
Glasgow Athenaeum, and afterwards 
studied singing with Santley in Lon- 
don ; was for two years under Bouhy 
in Paris ; first appeared at the age of 
nineteen in Glasgow in " The Mes- 
siah " ; after completion of study on 
the Continent, he made his dbut at 
a Crystal Palace Orchestral Concert, 
under Manns ; has been engaged at 
the Albert, Queen's, and St. James's 
Halls, etc., in London, and at leading 
provincial choral and orchestral con- 
certs ; has sung several times with the 
Leeds Orchestral Society, and the 
Scottish Orchestral at Edinburgh, 
Glasgow, Greenock, etc., also at the 
Bradford Choral Festival, Liverpool, 
Manchester, Huddersfield, etc. ; was 
baritone vocalist on lie Blanche 
Marchesi and other tours. Favourite 
parts : Hiawatha and Elijah. Recrea- 
tion : Landscape painting. Took up 
painting as a hobby during an illness 
which incapacitated him from singing 
for six months, and his pictures have 
been shown at London exhibitions, 
and in some cases have been bought 
by well-known art collectors. Club : 
St. James's. Agents : L. G. Sharpe, 
61 Regent Street, W, ; and SchuLz- 
Curtius & Powell, 44 Piccadilly Circus, 

SMITH, H. Leslie, accompanist, 
organist, conductor, and teacher ; b. 
London, Mar., 1870 ; s. of Charles 
Henry Smith and his wife, Emma 
Mates ; e. at the Whitgift School, 
Croydon ; as a boy he was solo 
chorister at St. Saviour's, Croydon, 
under Mr. H. L. Balfour ; studied for 
six years at the R.C.M. under John 
Francis Barnett (pianoforte), Dr. F. G. 
Gladstone (organ), Sir Frederick Bridge 
(harmony and counterpoint), Dan 
Price (singing), and Sir Charles Villiers 
Stanford (composition). On leaving 
the R.C.M. he was appointed organist 
and choirmaster of St. James's Parish 
Church, Croydon, a position he still 
occupies ; for many years he was 
musical director of the Burgon Opera 

Recital Company, with which he has 
toured England and Scotland many 
times ; in 1896 m. Kathleen Russell 
(daughter of John Scott Russell, of 
Croydon) ; in 1899 he started the St. 
James's (later known as the Croydon) 
Philharmonic Society, which he con- 
ducted for many years ; is also the 
conductor of the Croydon Stagers' 
Operatic Society, and has a large 
teaching connection. In Jan., 1913, he 
was engaged to coach the Opera Class 
at the G.S.M. for the production of 
Edward German's " Merrie England " ; 
has composed a quantity of Church 
music and numerous songs and orches- 
tral works, and as an accompanist he 
has gained distinction; is a keen 
Freemason P.M. of Addiscombe 
Lodge, and one of the founders of the 
Whifcgift Lodge. Recreations : Tennis 
and billiards. Address : " Lynton 
Holme," 32 Oakfield Road, Croydon. 

SMTTHSON, Florence, actress and 
soprano vocalist; 6. 13 Mar., 1883; 
d. of a well-known provincial manager ; 
has been connected with the stage 
from childhood ; made her first 
appearance on the London stage at 
the Lyric Theatre, 28 Aug., 1905, 
as Chandra Nil in " The Blue Moon," 
making an instantaneous success ; 
at the Apollo, April, 1906, played 
HelSne in " The Dairymaids " ; 
subsequently toured in " The Blue 
Moon " ; at the Queen's, May, 1908, 
appeared as Winifred in " The Dairy- 
maids " ; subsequently toured as 
Sophia in " Tom Jones " ; at the 
Shaftesbury, April, 1909, played Som- 
bra in " The Arcadians " ; same 
theatre, Sept., 1911, appeared as O 
Hana San in " The Mousme," etc. 

SMYTH, Dr. Ethel, composer ; d. of 
General J. H. Smyth, C.B., of Prim- 
hurst, late of the Royal Artillery; 
sister of Colonel Robert Napier Smyth, 
D.S.O. ; studied for a short time at 
the Leipzig Conservatorium, after- 
wards with Heinrich von Herzogen- 
berg, conductor of the Bach Verein, 
Leipzig, and afterwards Professor of 
Composition at the Hochschule, Ber- 
lin ; she first came into notice as a 
composer with a quintet for strings, 
performed at Leipzig early in 1884; 

13 (2141) 





then came a Sonata in A minor (Op. 7), 
for piano and violin 1887 ; in 1890 
two of her compositions were per- 
formed at the Crystal Palace : a Sere- 
nade in D for orchestra and an over- 
ture, " Anthony and Cleopatra " ; a 
Solemn Mass in D was performed by 
the Royal Choral Society at the Albert 
Hall in 1893 ; she has also written a 
quantity of chamber music and three 
operas ; one, " Der Wald," was 
originally produced at Berlin, and 
subsequently at various theatres in 
Germany, also at the Royal Opera, 
Covent Garden, in 1903, where her 
later opera, " The Wreckers," has also 
been heard ; under its German name 
of " Standrecht," it was first played 
in 1906 at Leipzig and Prague. She 
has written several choruses with 
orchestral accompaniment, purely or- 
chestral works (notably overture to 
" The Wreckers " and " On the Cliffs 
of Cornwall "), Songs to Chamber 
Music and Orchestral Songs (also 
arranged to pianoforte accompaniment) 
and Organ Preludes ; a new string 
quartette is now (Jan., 1913) in the 
press. In 1910 the honorary degree 
of Doctor of Music was conferred upon 
her by Durham University. Publishers: 
Breitkopf & Hartel, Great Marlbor- 
ough Street, and Novello & Co., 
Berners Street, W. Recreations : Golf 
and tennis. Address : Coign Hood 
Heath, Woking. Telegraphic Address : 
" Smyth, Mayford." 

SOBRINO, Carlos, pianist; b. 25 
Feb., 1861, at Pontevedra, Galicia, 
Spain ; s. of Luis Maria Sobrino, 
Director and Professor of Philosophy 
at Government Institute, Pontevedra ; 
m. Luisa Schmitz, now known as 
Madame Sobrino, the famous singer ; 
e. in his native town and in Madrid, 
Paris, and Germany, studying archi- 
tecture in conjunction with music ; at 
the age of eight was musically in- 
structed by his sister, after which he 
profited by the instruction and advice 
of many great masters, including 
Rubinstein ; he first appeared in 
public as a pianist at the age of eleven 
years in his native town ; from 1881 
to 1889 he toured as solo pianist 
through the greater part of Europe, 
United States, and South America; 

after that he remained, with some 
interruptions, in America, teaching 
the piano and giving public recitals ; 
in 1896 he returned to Europe, living 
in Berlin ; in 1898 he made another 
tour through America with Ysaye, and 
since that year has been established in 
London, touring occasionally in Ger- 
many, Spain, etc., and teaching at 
the G.S.M., where he is professor of 
pianoforte. He has composed and 
published numerous works for the 
piano ; has had the honour of appear- 
ing before several royalties, among 
them the late King Edward, the pre- 
sent King and Queen, Queen Alex- 
andra, King Alfonso, and the Queen- 
Mother of Spain. Address : 25 
Finchley Road, N.W. ; or G.S.M. 

SOBBING, Madame Luisa, operatic 
and concert vocalist ; b. Dusseldorf, 
Germany ; e. at Berlin, New York, 
and Bayreuth ; d. of Ludwig Schmitz, 
landscape painter ; m. Carlos Sobrino, 
the weft-known pianist (q.v.), was a 
pupil of Madame Schauseil (who was 
trained by Lamperti), Madame Lilly 
Lehmann, Frau Amalie Joachim, and 
Madame Richard Wagner, of Bay- 
reuth ; first appeared in New York as 
an opera singer, 1886 ; was engaged in 
1886-7 as prima donna with the 
Bostonians' Opera Company; sang 
in concerts and oratorio in America 
and Germany ; prima donna Royal 
Opera, Covent Garden, 1899 to 1905 ; 
prima donna Carl Rosa Company, 
1904-5 ; also soprano soloist at prin- 
cipal festivals, including Leeds, Wor- 
cester, Gloucester, etc. ; has created 
many new parts in opera as well as in 
oratorio and cantatas, and has sung 
at leading concerts all over Great 
Britain and the Continent, and made 
a tour round the world in 1908-9. 
Address : 25 Finchley Road, N.W. 

SOLLA, Isidore de, conductor and 
teacher of singing ; b. London, 9 Nov., 
1845 ; $. of Jacob Cohen de Solla and 
his wife, Adelaide Kramp ; conducted 
for the Carl Rosa Opera Company 
at Covent Garden, Crystal Palace, 
etc. ; now devotes himself to teaching 
and is a professor at the G.S.M. Re- 
creation : Fishing. Address : G.S.M. 
and Press Club, London. 





SOLOMON, , child pianist ; b. in 
1903; made his dbut 30 June, 1911, 
as a boy of eight, playing a Concerto 
of Mozart, a movement of the Tschai- 
kovsky Concerto in B flat minor, and 
a Polacca of Alice Bredt-Verne, all 
with the Queen's Hall Orchestra, Pro- 
fessor Muller-Reuter conducting ; a 
few months later he was honoured with 
a command to play at Buckingham 
Palace to their Majesties the King and 
Queen, Queen Alexandra, and other 
members of the Royal Family ; he is 
a pupil of Miss Mathilde Verne, who 
is responsible for his entire musical 
education. Address : c/o Miss Mathilde 
Verne, 194 Cromwell Road, London. 
Agents : Michell & Ashbrooke, ?A 
Piccadilly Mansions, W. 

SOMERSET, Lord Henry Richard 
Charles, composer ; second s. of the 
eighth Duke of Beaufort; b. 7 Dec., 
1849; m., 1872, Lady Isabella 
Caroline Somers (d. of the third Earl 
Somers) ; he was M.P. for Monmouth- 
shire, 1871-80, and Comptroller of Her 
Majesty's Household, 1874-9; is a 
Privy Councillor; he has composed 
and published numerous songs, among 
them " Across the Sea," " All through 
the Night," "Along the Sands," 
" Dawn," " Far Away," " First Spring 
Day," " A Birthday," " Love's Flight," 
" Once More," " Song of Night," 
" Song of Sleep," " Where'er You Go," 
" Echo," etc. Address : I Via Guido 
Monaco, Florence, Italy. Club : 

SOMERVELL, Arthur, composer ; 
b. Windermere, 5 June, 1863; e. at 
Uppingham School and King's College, 
Cambridge ; graduated B.A. and Mus. 
Doc. ; studied music at Berlin Hoch- 
schule fur Musik and at the R.C.M. 
under Sir Hubert Parry and Sir Charles 
Villiers Stanford. His compositions 
include a Mass in C, for soli, chorus, 
and orchestra, first performed by Bach 
Choir, 1891 ; " A Song of Praise," 
Kendal Exhibition, 1891 ; orchestral 
ballad, " Helen of Kirkconnel," Phil- 
harmonic Society, 1892 ; " The For- 
saken Merman," Leeds Festival, 1895 ; 
"The Power of Sound," Kendal 
Festival, 1895; "Elegy," alto solo, 
chorus, and orchestra, Hovingham 

Festival, 1896 ; " Charge of the Light 
Brigade," chorus and orchestra ; " Ode 
to the Sea," soprano solo, chorus, and 
orchestra, Birmingham Festival, 1897 ; 
" Ode on the Intimations of Immor- 
tality," Leeds Festival, 1907 ; " Sym- 
phonic Variations," Oxford, 1912 ; 
" Symphony in D minor," London, 
1913 ; and a large number of song 
albums, piano pieces and sketches, 
also " Ten Minutes' Technique." He 
is Inspector of Music to the Board of 
Education and Scotch Education 
Department, Whitehall. Address : 
1 Albert Place, Kensington, W. ; 
Board of Education, Whitehall, S.W. 
Telephone: 1200 Kensington. 

SOUSA, John Philip, composer and 
conductor ; 6. Washington, U.S.A. 
6 Nov., 1854; s. of Antonio and 
Elizabeth Sousa ; at the age of eleven 
appeared in public as a solo violinist ; 
in 1876, was a first violin in Jacques 
Offenbach's orchestra ; was conductor 
of the U.S. Marine Band, and the 
National Band from 1880-92 ; organ- 
ised the famous Sousa band in 1892 ; 
first made a name as conductor at 
Paris Exhibition in 1900 ; has visited 
Europe on five occasions, and made a 
tour of the World in 1910-11 ; has 
written over 250 musical pieces, in- 
cluding the famous marches "Wash- 
ington Post," " Liberty Bell," " Stars 
and Stripes," " Imperial Edward," 
" Federal " (written for and dedicated 
to his friends in Australia), etc. ; 
is also the composer of the follow- 
ing operas : " The Smugglers," 
" Desiree," " The Queen of Hearts," 
"El Capitan," 1895; "The Bride- 
Elect," 1898; "The Charlatan" 
(played at the Comedy, London, as 
" The Mystical Miss "), 1898 ; " Chris 
and the Wonderful Lamp," 1900; 
" The Free Lance " ; " The Glass- 
Blowers," 1911 ; has written two 
novels, a book of reminiscences, and 
numerous verses and magazine articles ; 
was decorated by King Edward VII 
with the Victorian Order ; is an 
Onicer of the French Academy and 
Public Instruction ; member of the 
Fine Arts Academy at Hainault ; is a 
prominent Freemason and a member 
of the Benevolent Order of Elks. Clubs : 
Players', Dramatists and Gridiron, New 





York. Recreations : Shooting and 
riding. Address : Century Building, 
1 West Thirty-fourth Street, New 
York City, U.S.A. 

SOUTHGATE, Elsie, violinist; 6. 
London, 1884 ; d. of F. Sewell South- 
gate, professor of singing, and his wife, 
Charlotte E. Knott ; e. at the R.A.M., 
which she entered at the age of eleven, 
securing a scholarship at thirteen; 
first appeared as solo violinist at the 
Queen's Hall, Nov., 1901 ; has since 
appeared at the Queen's Hall 
Promenade Concerts, ChappelTs 
Ballad Concerts, Crystal Palace 
Concerts, Royal Coronation Con- 
cert, Albert Hall ; with Steinbach's 
orchestra, Aachen, and in Paris, 
Barcelona, Carthagena, Cadiz, Vigo, 
Corunna, and also throughout the 
English provinces. Has been com- 
manded to play before the Shah of 
Persia and other royalties. She is the 
fortunate possessor of a beautiful 
Guarnerius violin, valued at 1,500. 
Address: 4 Clifton Hill, St. John's 
Wood, N.W. 

SOUTHGATE, Thomas Lea, musical 
litterateur; 6. Highgate, 22 Aug., 
1836; s. of T. B. Southgate ; e. 
Old Grammar School, Highgate; 
commenced his musical studies at an 
early age under his father's tuition, 
and afterwards continued them under 
T. Hullah, George W. Martin, J. 
Coward, Sir John Goss, and John 
Tyndall ; held the following appoint- 
ments as organist : Christ Church, 
Hornsey (1862) ; St. Saviour's, Fitz- 
roy Square (1865) ; St. Saviour's, 
Clapham (1867) ; St. Margaret's, Dul- 
wich (1873) ; and Emanuel Church, 
Dulwich (1875). Since that time Dr. 
Southgate has ceased to practise as an 
organist, and has devoted his atten- 
tions chiefly to musical literature ; in 
conjunction with Mr. W. Hammond 
he was instrumental in founding the 
Musical Standard, and in 1891 relin- 
quished his connection with that paper 
to assist in starting the Musical News, 
of which he was joint editor with Dr. 
Turpin until 1895 ; he has written on 
the music and instruments of the 
ancient nations and has directed 
attention to the value of the early 
instrumental concert music of English 

composers of the Elizabethan and later 
period. He has contributed largely 
to all the principal musical papers, 
and has appeared as a lecturer before 
the R.C.O., the Musical Association, 
and the R.A.M., etc., etc. Among 
his literary publications are " English 
Music, 1604 to 1904 " ; " Rudiments 
of Music for Choir Boys " ; " The 
Music and Musical Instruments of 
Japan " ; and the " History of De- 
grees in Music " in the former work 
he collaborated with Mr. F. T. Piggott ; 
was for many years Hon. Secretary 
of the Union of Graduates in Music ; 
is a past master of the Worshipful 
Company of Musicians, a vice-president 
of the Musical Association, and D.C.L. 
of Durham University. Dr. Southgate 
is an advocate of the principle of regis- 
tration of qualified teachers; he was 
the promoter of a Bill in Parliament to 
effect this purpose, and has strongly 
urged its adoption. Address : 19 
Manor Park, Lee, S.E. Telegraphic 
Address : Virginals, London. 

SPAIN, Elsie, actress and soprano 
vocalist ; e. for musical profession at 
G.S.M. ; commenced her professional 
career in 1907, as understudy to Miss 
Isabel Jay, as Sally Hook in " Miss 
Hook of Holland," and for two months 
played the part ; she then joined the 
Savoy Company under Mrs. D'Oyly 
Carte, in 1909, and in March played 
Elsie Maynard in a revival of " The 
Yeomen of the Guard " ; she remained 
at the Savoy, under C. H. Workman, 
and Sept., 1909, appeared as Clarice in 
" The Mountaineers " ; at the Apollo, 
Apr., 1910, played Kitty Mclan in 
" The Islander " ; at the Lyric, Sept., 
1910, Mascha in "The Chocolate 
Soldier " ; at the Adelphi, Nov., 1910, 
Princess Mathilde in "The Quaker 
Girl." Address: Adelphi Theatre, 
Strand, W.C. 

SPARKES, Lenora, soprano; b. 
Bristol, 13 June, 1884 ; m. Arthur H. 
Bealey ; studied in London and Italy, 
and made her first appearances in 
London at the Queen's Hall and Royal 
Albert Hall; sang at the principal 
London and provincial concerts, in- 
cluding Festivals, and was for two 
years engaged in Grand Opera at 
Covent Garden; in October, 1907, 





she entered into a contract with the 
Metropolitan Opera Company of New 
York, and owing to her success has 
remained with them ever since. Her 
favourite part is that of Mimi in "La 
Boheme." Recreations : Tennis and 
riding. Address : 20 Northumberland 
Place, Bayswater, London. Telephone : 
4953 Paddington. 

SPEAIGHT, Joseph, composer, 
pianist, violinist, and organist ; b. 
London, 24 Oct., 1868, his father being 
a professional violinist; e. for the 
musical profession at the G.S.M, under 
Pauer and Li Calsi (piano) and R. 
Orlando Morgan (composition) ; he was 
at one time assistant music-master at 
Wellington College, and was appointed 
professor at the G.S.M. in 1894 ; in 
the same year he toured as solo pianist 
and accompanist to Madam Patey on 
her farewell tour, playing her last song 
for her at Sheffield. Principal composi- 
tions : Symphony No. 1 (1893-4), No. 2 
(1897), Tone-poem (1904), Concerto, 
piano, and orchestra (1891), and sundry 
quintets and quartets. Mr. Speaight 
married Miss Laura Chambers in 1899 ; 
he is a member of the R.S.M. and the 
Society of British Composers. Address : 
G.S.M., Victoria Embankment, B.C. 

SPRAVKA, Ella, pianist; b. Bu- 
nauburg, Bohemia, 16 Feb., 1878; 
d. of Peter Spravka and his wife Marie 
Doubrava ; began her musical studies 
at the Vienna Conservatoire where she 
won the first prize, medal, diploma, 
and grand piano ; she then studied for 
a time with Leschetitzky, and later 
(on coming to England) with E. 
Dannreuther ; made her London d6but 
at the Crystal Palace Saturday Con- 
certs under Manns, 16 March, 1901, 
but played publicly from the age of 
twelve in Prague, Vienna and provin- 
cial towns of Austria and Bohemia, 
with Kubelik and Van Ondricek, and 
with Hubermann (in Paris) ; has also 
appeared a great many times at 
Chamber concerts with the Bohemian 
and the Sevcik Quartette. Address : 
c/o Bechstein Hall, Wigmore Street, 

SQUIRE, Emily, soprano ; b. Ross, 
Herefordshire; d. of John Squire, 
banker ; sister of W. H. Squire, the 

well-known 'cellist, and Barre Squire, 
violinist. As a girl played the viola in 
the family double quartette, being the 
eldest of eight, all of whom were very 
musical ; e. at Plymouth and Exeter ; 
m. E. W. Jennings, architect and 
author ; was for three years at the 
R.C.M. (Exhibitioner), afterwards 
Parepa-Rosa Scholar at the R.A.M., 
and a pupil of Randegger, Sir Henry J. 
Wood, and Monsieur Bouhy, Paris. 
She made her first appearance as 
soprano soloist at the Handel Festival, 
1888, and was also principal soprano 
at the festival of 1891 ; Hereford 
Festival, 1893; Worcester, 1902; 
Gloucester, 1904 and 1907; has also 
sung at the Royal Choral Society's 
concerts, the Albert Hall, Scottish 
Orchestral Concerts in Glasgow and 
Edinburgh ; Birmingham, Morecambe, 
Exeter, and Bristol Festivals, etc. 
A ddress : 4 Glenshaw Mansions, 
Priory Road, West Hampstead. Tele- 
phone : 1278 Hampstead. 

SQUIRE, William Barclay, Assistant 
Keeper, British Museum ; b. 1855 ; 
s. of the late William Squire, of Felt- 
ham Hill, Middlesex ; e. in Germany, 
and afterwards at Pembroke College, 
Cambridge ; was presented with a 
medal for his services in connection 
with Historical Musical Exhibition, 
1885. Mr. Squire for many years 
practised as a solicitor, but in 1885 
was appointed to take charge of the 
Printed Music in the British Museum, 
and has remained there ever since; 
was for some years musical critic of 
The Saturday Review and many other 
leading papers ; he is Hon. Secretary 
of the Purcell Society, and holds the 
degrees of M.A., F.S.A., and F.R.G.S. ; 
he has contributed articles to " Grove's 
Dictionary of Music," and has com- 
piled catalogues of music in Chapter 
Library, Westminster, R.C.M., and 
also catalogue in 2 vols. of the Printed 
Music in the British Museum (1487- 
1800). Address: 14 Albert Place, 
Kensington, W. 

SQUIEE, W. H., 'cellist and com- 
poser; 6. Ross, Hereford, 8 Aug., 
1871 ; 5. of John Squire, banker, by 
his wife, Emma Fisher ; e. at Kings- 
bridge Grammar School ; m. Marian 
Warren, of Bradninch, Devon, 1899; 





prepared for the musical profession at 
the R.C.M., 1883-89, of which institu- 
tion he is an Associate ; first appeared 
in public at the Town Hall, Kings- 
bridge, Devon, as a 'cello soloist ; has 
held the post of principal 'cello player 
at the Royal Opera, Covent Garden, 
also at Leeds, Norwich, Hereford, 
Gloucester, and Worcester Festivals ; 
has made frequent tours in the pro- 
vinces with Madame Clara Butt ; is 
a professor at the R.C.M. and G.S.M., 
and examiner at the R.A.M. ; has 
had the honour of appearing before 
royalty on many occasions ; he uses 
for his performances a magnificent 
violoncello by Bergonzi. Recreations : 
Lawn tennis, cycling, and fishing. 
Address : 5c Montagu Mansions, York 
Street, W. Telephone : 2037 Paddington. 

STANFORD, Sir Charles Vffliers, 

composer and conductor ; b. Dublin, 
30 Sept., 1852 ; s. of the late John 
Stanford, Esq., Examiner to the Irish 
Court of Chancery, and his wife, Mary 
(daughter of William Henn, Esq., 
Master in Chancery, Dublin). His 
father was an accomplished amateur 
musician, and encouraged him in his 
musical tastes, which were displayed 
at an early age ; e. privately, receiving 
musical instruction in London from 
Mr. Arthur O'Leary, and in Dublin 
from Sir R. P. Stewart and Mr. 
Michael Quarry; he afterwards pro- 
ceeded to Cambridge, in 1870 matri- 
culating as a choral scholar, graduating 
with classical honours, B.A. 1874, 
M.A. 1877 ; in 1873 he succeeded Dr. 
J. L. Hopkins as organist of Trinity 
College, Cambridge, an appointment 
he held until 1892 ; his musical studies 
were also prosecuted at Leipzig with 
Reinecke, and at Berlin with F. Kiel ; 
during his student days at Cambridge 
he was conductor of the Cambridge 
Amateur Vocal Guild, and directed the 
first performance in England of Bach's 
cantata, " Gottes Zeit," and Sir R. P. 
Stewart's " Eve of St. John," 19 Nov., 
1872. The Cambridge University 
Musical Society, of which he was con- 
ductor for twenty years, from 1873, 
attained a high position under his con- 
trol, many important compositions 
being heard at its concerts, some for 
the first time in England, such as 

Schumann's " Faust," the Fkst Sym- 
phony and Alto Rhapsody of Brahms, 
etc. ; several of the conductor's own 
compositions were also produced, dat- 
ing from his student period to 1875, 
but he first came into prominence as a 
composer when he was chosen by 
Tennyson to write the music to 
" Queen Mary " for the Lyceum 
Theatre in 1875. At the opening of 
the R.C.M. in 1883 he was appointed 
Professor of Composition and Orches- 
tral Playing, and has shown much 
enterprise in bringing forward new 
or neglected works of high merit at 
the College concerts and operatic per- 
formances by the pupils. In 1885 he 
was appointed conductor of the Bach 
Choir, and in 1887 succeeded Sir. Geo. 
Macfarren as Professor of Music at 
Cambridge University, but he relin- 
quished the conductorship of the Bach 
Choir in 1902 ; he accepted the con- 
ductorship of the Leeds Philharmonic 
Society in 1897, and conducted the 
Leeds Festival from 1901 to 1910 ; he 
directed the concerts of the Leeds 
Chorus and London Symphony Or- 
chestra in Paris in Jan., 1906. His 
published and produced works are 
exceedingly numerous ; they include 
seven operas, several symphonies, 
concertos for pianoforte, violin and 
clarionet, oratorios, several choral bal- 
lads and cantatas, many quintets, 
quartets and other chamber music, 
church music, vocal quartets, songs, 
pianoforte and organ music. His first 
opera, " The Veiled Prophet of Khoras- 
san," was produced at Hanover in 
1881, " Savonarola " at Hamburg hi 
1884, and " The Canterbury Pilgrims " 
at Drury Lane (by Carl Rosa) in 1884. 
" Shamus O'Brien " was performed at 
the Opera Comique, London, in 1896, 
and in America in 1897 ; " Much Ado 
About Nothing" at Covent Garden 
in 1901, and at Leipzig in 1902. His 
Irish Symphony was first performed 
under Richter in 1887, and was given 
under Von Bulow at Berlin and Ham- 
burg, under Martucci at Bologna and 
Rome, besides performances in Brus- 
sels, America, and Amsterdam, where 
it was chosen for the inaugura- 
tion of the new Concert Hall ; his 
choral ballads, " The Revenge " (Leeds 
Festival, 1886), "The Voyage of 





Maeldune" (Leeds, 1889), " Phaudrig 
Crohoore" (Norwich, 1896), "The 
Battle of the Baltic/' and "Last 
Post " (Hereford, 1891 and 1900), are 
well known both in England, America, 
and the Colonies ; his " Requiem," 
written in memory of Leighton, and 
first given at the Birmingham Festival 
of 1897, has been produced also at 
Chicago and at Dusseldorf; a " Te 
Deum " for Queen Victoria's Diamond 
Jubilee was first given at the Leeds 
Festival, 1898, and repeated at the 
Festivals of Gloucester and Norwich ; 
the " Songs of the Sea " at Leeds in 
1904 ; the " Stabat Mater " in 1907, 
and " Songs of the Fleet " in 1910 ; 
his music to Tennyson's " Becket " 
was given by Irving at the Lyceum 
in 1893, and elsewhere ; he composed 
the music for two of the Greek Plays 
at Cambridge, the Eumenides and 
CEdipus Rex ; his oratorios, " The 
Three Holy Children," and " Eden," 
were produced at the Birmingham 
Festivals of 1885 and 1891 ; he 
has devoted special attention to the 
Folk music of Ireland, arranging 
130 airs from the Petrie Collection, 
and restoring and re-arranging the 
Irish melodies of Thomas Moore, 
besides editing the complete collection 
of Petrie's manuscripts ; his two 
Irish Rhapsodies for orchestra (first 
given at Norwich and at Amsterdam 
respectively) are founded on some 
of these airs ; he received the hon. 
degrees of Mus.Doc. from both Oxford 
and Cambridge, and D.C.L. from Dur- 
ham and Leeds ; he was knighted in 
1902 ; in 1904 he was elected a 
Member of the Royal Academy of 
Arts at Berlin (the first and only Eng- 
lish composer to receive that honour), 
and in 1906 of the Maatschaapij tot 
Bevoorderung der Toonkunst at Am- 
sterdam. He is an Hon. Member of the 
Beethoven Haus at Bonn, and Membre 
Correspondant of the Soci6t6 des 
Compositeurs de Musique at Paris ; in 
1878 he married Jennie, fourth daugh- 
ter of the late Champion Wetton, Esq., 
of Joldwynds, Surrey. Address : 50 
Holland Street, Kensington, W. Clubs : 
Athenseum, Savile. 

STEGGA1L, Reginald, composer and 
organist ; b. London, 1867 ; s. of the 

late Charles Steggall, Doctor of Music, 
the well-known teacher and church 
composer ; e. at Westminster School ; 
studied at the R.A.M. under the late 
Sir G. A. Macfarren, Dr. Pirout, Mr. 
H. R. Eyers, Mr. Oscar Beringer and 
his father ; gained Balfe Scholarship, 
1887 ; appointed professor, 1895 ; in 
1886 he was appointed organist of St. 
Anne's, Soho, afterwards acting as 
assistant organist to his father at 
Lincoln's Inn Chapel; has given 
numerous organ recitals in London and 
the provinces ; he has composed 
several important works for the 
orchestra, some of which were pro- 
duced at the Crystal Palace by the 
late Sir August Manns in 1896 and 
1899 ; others were produced at the 
Queen's Hall under Sir Henry J. Wood, 
and most of his orchestral composi- 
tions have been played at Bourne- 
mouth, under Dan Godfrey, and at 
Leeds, under Mr. Flicker, and several 
times in Germany; in 1911 his 
Concertstuck for organ and orchestra 
was played in Paris ; he has also com- 
posed much church, organ, and piano 
music, which has been published 
by Breitkopf & Haertel, Schott, No- 
vello & Co., and Vincent, and 
Houghton ; was made an Associate 
of the R.A.M., 1894, and a Fellow of 
the same institution in 1906 ; ap- 
pointed organist and director of the 
choir to the Hon. Society of Lincoln's 
Inn, June, 1905, and has produced 
many important works there, including 
Elgar's " The Apostles," " The King- 
dom," " The Light of Life," Parry's 
" Job," Brahms' " Requiem," etc. ; 
his compositions include two Sympho- 
nies, two Orchestral Suites, two 
Dramatic Scenas for contralto and 
orchestra, Variations on an Original 
Theme for Orchestra, Concerto for 
organ and orchestra, Suite for organ, 
Fantasia for organ, three sets of piano- 
forte pieces, a Quintette for Wood, 
Wind, and Horn, and about twenty 
songs, etc. ; is an Associate of the 
R.C.O., a member of the Philharmonic 
Society ; an Examiner of the Associa- 
ted Board of the R.A.M. and the 
R.C.M. ; and has been for several 
years on the board of Examiners for 
the diploma of L.R.A.M. Address : 
102 Sutton Court Road, Chiswick, W. 





STEINWAY & SONS, Messrs., piano- 
forte manufacturers ; founded, in 
1853, by Engelbard Steinway of 
Seesen, Germany, who set up a fac- 
tory in New York, his sons, William, 
Henry, and Charles (and later), Albert 
being associated with him ; in 1859 
the Steinways introduced their " over- 
strung grand," an improvement due 
to the initiative of the second son, 
Henry ; in 1865, on the death of 
Henry and Charles, a younger brother, 
Theodore, entered the firm, and by his 
inventive genius greatly improved 
Messrs. Steinway's instruments. The 
great traditions of the firm have never 
been suffered to lapse, and they are 
now worthily upheld, notably by Mr. 
Henry Ziegler, one of the present 
directors, and a grandson of the 
original Theodore Steinway. For 
many years this noted establishment 
was managed by Mr. Edwin Eshelby, 
who died in 1912, and was succeeded 
by his son, Mr. G. W. Eshelby, the 
present London manager. The one 
floor in Varick Street, New York, 
where the business had its birth, is 
superseded to-day by a colossal fac- 
tory at Steinway, Long Island (oppo- 
site 120th Street, New York City) ; 
the firm has another factory at Ham- 
burg, a Paris depot at No. 1 Rue 
Blanche, and a Berlin house at Konig- 
gratzerstrasse 6 ; their headquarters 
in New York City are at Steinway 
Hall, 107-111 East 14th Street; and 
the Steinway Hall, London (originally 
the Quebec Institute), is well known 
to all concert givers and music-lovers. 
Address : Steinway Hall, 15 and 17 
Lower Seymour Street, W. Telephone : 
382 and 535 Mayfair. Telegraphic 
address : " Steinways, London." 

STENZEL, AIM A, pianist; 6. Wash- 
ington, 28 June, 1888 ; d. of Sigismund 
and Martha Stenzel ; e. at San Fran- 
cisco and Berlin ; studied the piano in 
California under Hugo Mansfeldt, and 
afterwards under Emil Sauer at 
Vienna, and Martin Kruse, Berlin ; 
first appeared at San Francisco as a 
Juvenile prodigy, in 1898, playing 
Mendelssohn's " Capriccio Brillante " ; 
in 1901 she played with Kubelik in 
Vienna and Buda-Pesth; gave two very 
successful concerts in Berlin in 1901 ; 

played at Kubelik's two concerts in 
Vienna in 1903 ; went on a tour 
through Russia, playing at Warsaw 
Lodz, St. Petersburg, Riga, and Mos 
cow ; in the winter of 1906 played at 
Berlin and Leipzig. Her principal 
recreation is making pedestrian tours 
through the mountains. Agent : Con- 
cert direction E. L. Robinson, 7 Wig- 
more Street, W. Address : c/o Stein- 
way & Son, 15 Lower Seymour Street, 

STOBVING, Paul, violinist and 
writer ; b. Leipzig, 7 May, 1861 ; e. 
for the musical profession in his native 
town and at Paris ; his masters were 
Richard Sala (pupil of David), E. D. 
von Walden (pupil of Alard), Henry 
Schradieck and Hubert Leonard in 
Paris ; his d6bttf took place also in 
Leipzig, at the old Gewandhaus Saal, 
in 1879 ; in 1880 he graduated at the 
Conservatoire; 1881 found him a 
teacher at Konigsberg Conservatoire ; 
in 1882 he made an extended tour 
through Northern Europe ; in 1883 
he became concert-meister and soloist 
in Hamburg; 1884 found him in 
Poland and Russia, and later, in the 
same year, in America; here he 
remained for many years, and as leader 
of the Mendelssohn Quintet Club of 
Boston became well known from the 
East to the borders of the Pacific 
coast ; in 1893 he married a Canadian 
lady, Miss F. B. Lech, and in 1896 
came to London, where he elected 
to remain ; in 1898 he became a pro- 
fessor of the G.S.M., and in 1907 
he was appointed to Trinity College ; 
in 1902 he published "The Art of 
Violin Bowing " (Vincent Music Com- 
pany) ; in 1904 " The Story of the 
Violin " (Walter Scott Publishing Com- 
pany), both works having since ap- 
peared in Germany ; a comprehensive 
work entitled " Text-book for Violin 
Playing and a Key to Sevcik's Works " 
is now (Jan., 1913) in the press, being 
brought out by A. Bosworth & Co, ; 
he has also a number of violin compo- 
sitions to his credit, which have been 
published by Siegel, of Leipzig. The 
well-known sculptor, Professor Curt 
Stoeving, of Berlin, is his brother. 
Addresses : 29 Blenheim Road, St. 
John's Wood, N.W. ; and G.S.M. 





STOKOWSEI, Leopold, conductor of 
the Philadelphia Symphony Orchestra, 
having succeeded Mr. Carl Pohlig ; 
he is a native of Poland, and is one 
of the youngest living conductors, 
being still under thirty years of age ; 
was for several years director of the 
Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra ; in 
1912 he appeared at Queen's Hall, 
where he conducted the London Sym- 
phony Orchestra. 

STONE, Lucy, violinist ; b. London, 
1865 ; d. of the Rev. E. D. Stone, a 
master of Eton College, and of his 
wife, Elizabeth Vidal ; e. at home and 
at Neuilly, Paris; went to Stuttgart 
when thirteen, and was the youngest 
pupil in the Kunstler Schule and pupil 
of Professor Singer ; she then secured 
a scholarship at the Conservatoire at 
Paris, and studied there with Maurice ; 
on Joachim's advice she went to the 
R.C.M., studied with Gompertz, and 
gained a scholarship there ; joined the 
SMnner Quartet in 1887, this being the 
first ladies' quartet in Europe ; played 
at a number of the leading provincial 
towns, being associated with Leonard 
Berwick, Fanny Davies, Natalie Jano- 
tha, and Agnes Zimmermann ; in 1899 
joined the Watrowitz Quartet, and in 
1903 the Nora Clench Quartet, which 
has given numerous concerts at the 
^olian and Bechstein Halls ; in 1906 
she appeared at the Hereford Festival ; 
has played at the St. James's Hall, the 
Queen's (small) Hall, Bechstein Hall, 
and Steinway Hall ; gives annual 
violin recitals at Windsor with Miss 
Cecilia Gates, and has led quartets at 
the Cambridge Chamber Concerts ; 
her favourite professional occupation 
is playing in Beethoven's quartets. 
Recreations: Motoring and reading. 
Clubs : New Century and Musick 
Makers. Agent : Concert direction 
E. L. Robinson, 7 Wigmore Street, 

STRAUSS, Richard, composer and 
conductor; b. Berlin. His composi- 
tions include the operas " Guntram," 
Feuersnot," " Salome," " Electra," 
and " Rosenkavalier " (heard for first 
time in England, Jan., 1913, during the 
Beecham Season at Covent Garden), 
and the symphonies " Don Juan," 

" Til Eulenspiegel," " Ein Helden- 
leben," " Tod und Verklarung," " Sin- 
fonia Domestica," etc., etc. ; most of 
his symphonies have been played in 
this country by the Queen's Hall and 
other orchestras ; he is conductor at 
the Royal Opera House, Berlin, and 
from time to time visits this country 
and principal cities on the Continent in 
order to conduct his own compositions ; 
he has composed a large number of 
beautiful songs. Address : Charlotten- 
burg, Berlin, Joachimsthalerstrasse, 
No. 17. 

STRAVINSKY, Igor, composer ; b. 
Oranienbaum, Russia, 5 June, 1882, 
his father being an operatic basso ; 
studied composition under Rimsky- 
Korsakoff ; is the composer of 
"L'Oiseau de Feu," introduced to 
London by the Russian dancers ; 
among numerous other works he has 
composed a Symphony in E flat, a 
" Fantastic Scherzo " for orchestra, 
and a " Funereal Song " in memory of 
his late master, Rimsky-Korsakofi. 

STRETTON, Major Arthur John, 

M.V.O., Director of Music, Royal 
Military School of Music, Kneller 
Hall, Hounslow, since 1896 ; b. in 
1863; studied with the late J. T. 
Carrodus for violin, and with Dr. 
Warwick Jordan and Battison Haynes 
for theory and composition. Address : 
" Rosenheim," Whitton Road, Twick- 
enham. Club : Savage. Telephone : 
68 Hounslow. 

STRONG, David, tenor vocalist and 
teacher; b. London, Mar., 1852; 
became a chorister at Westminster 
Abbey hi 1861 under James Turle, 
from whom he had his first lessons in 
harmony and organ ; he remained 
there until 1867, and has the memor- 
able distinction of singing at the 
funerals of Lord Palmerston and 
General Outram; on leaving the 
Abbey he became a boy chorister at 
the Anglo-American Church in Paris ; 
studied singing with George Benson, 
J. B. Welch, and Sims Reeves ; first 
appeared professionally in 1873 ; has 
been organist at St. Mary's, Alder- 
manbury, and St. Jude's, South Ken- 
sington ; has sung in most of the 





great provincial towns, at the Crystal 
Palace, and St. James's Hall; holds 
post of tenor in the Chapels Royal, 
St. James's, and Buckingham Palace, 
in which capacity he sang at the two 
Jubilees of Queen Victoria, at many 
royal weddings, and at the two 
Coronations ; is a professor at the 
G.S.M. Recreations : Golf, swimming, 
and boating. Address : G.S.M. ; and 
20 Altenburg Gardens, Clapham 
Common, S.W. 

STRONG, Susan, operatic soprano ; 
b. New York ; studied with Francis 
Korbay, London ; made her first public 
appearance at Covent Garden in " Die 
Walkure " when a girl just out of her 
teens, and was immediately engaged 
for future seasons and for foreign opera 
houses, including San Carlo, Naples, 
Metropolitan, and Manhattan, New 
York; her great successes were in 
" Don Giovanni " and " Faust/' 
" Alda," and many leading Wagnerian 
rdles ; toured America with the 
famous Maurice Grau Operatic Com- 
pany; of late years has appeared on 
the concert platform. Address : c/o 
Ashbrooke & Michell, 7 Piccadilly Man- 
sions, Piccadilly Circus, W. 

STUAET, Leslie (ThomasA. Barrett), 
composer ; 6. Southport, 15 Mar., 1866 ; 
in his youth was organist to the Roman 
Catholic Cathedral, Salf ord, which posi- 
tion he held for seven years ; subse- 
quently fulfilled a further seven years' 
engagement in a similar capacity at the 
Church of the Holy Name, Manchester ; 
first sprang into prominence as a com- 
poser of several songs for the late 
Signor Foli, notably " Rip Van 
Winkle." " The Bandolero," etc. ; 
came to London permanently in 1895, 
and wrote " Louisiana Lou " for 
Ellaline Terriss in " The Shop Girl " ; 
subsequently wrote a number of songs 
for George Edwardes for " An Artist's 
Model " and other pieces ; established 
a firm reputation with the song, 
" Soldiers of the Queen," in 1895-6 ; 
subsequently composed a number of 
popular " coon " songs for Eugene 
Stratton, notably " Little Dolly Day- 
dream " ; is the composer of the follow- 
ing musical plays : " Florodora," 

1899 ; " The Silver Slipper," 1901 
" The School Girl," 1903 ; " The Belle 
of Mayfair," 1906 ; " Havana," 1908 ; 
"Captain Kidd," 1910; "The Slim 
Princess," 1910; "Peggy," 1911. 
Address : 21 Russell Square, W.C. 
Club : Eccentric. Telephone : No. 
4291 Gerrard. 

SUCH, Henry E. I., violinist; 6. 
31 Mar., 1872, in London, his father, 
Mr. Edwin Such, Mus.Bac., being a 
composer of some prominence; e. at 
the Hochschule der Musik, Berlin, 
under Joachim and Wilhelmj ; made 
his debut at Steinway Hall as a child 
of six in 1878 ; in 1892 appeared at 
the Sing Akademie, Berlin ; between 
1893-8 he toured extensively in Ger- 
many, Scandinavia, Holland, and 
Austria ; played at Kaim Concerts in 
Munich, and at the Richter Concerts 
in Vienna in 1895, and with Brahma, 
and in 1898 at the London Phil- 
harmonic Society ; in 1896 he played 
before the King of Denmark and his 
Court in Copenhagen, and before the 
King of Sweden at Stockholm ; mar- 
ried in 1902 to Miss Lilian F. Mack- 
intosh ; is an amateur photographer 
of some experience, and is fond of 
general science. Mr. Such is a member 
of the Tonal Art Club and of the 

SUCH, Percy, violoncellist ; b. Lon- 
don, 27 June, 1878 ; m. Theodora 
Sharpe ; studied with Robert Hous- 
mann for 'cello and with Joachim for 
ensemble ; made his debut in Dec., 1898, 
at Berlin, and first appeared in London 
at the St. James's Hall in 1899 ; has 
since been heard in nearly all the im- 
portant towns hi Germany, Holland, 
and England ; his appearances includ- 
ing, among others, the Joachim Quar- 
tette Concerts, Bonn Beethoven Festi- 
val, London Beethoven Festival, Stein- 
bach Orchestral Concerts (Cologne), 
Schumann Festival (London), and 
Classical Concert Society. Mr. Such 
has composed and arranged several 
books of Studies, etc., for the 'cello ; his 
favourite work is Dvorak's Concerto. 
Hobby : Photography. Recreations : 
All out-of-door games. Address : 47 
Perham Road, Kensington, W. 





SUMMERS, Joseph, organist, com- 
poser and teacher ; b. Somerset, 1843 ; 
received his early musical education at 
Wells Cathedral, where he was a 
chorister, afterwards studying under 
the late Sir W. Sterndale Bennett and 
Dr. Gauntlett ; proceeded to Oxford, 
where he took the degree of Mus.Bac. 
in 1887, and in 1890 was made Mus. 
Doc. of Canterbury ; has also received 
the honorary degree of Mus.Bac. of 
Melbourne ; was organist at St. 
Andrew's College, Bradfield, 1861 ; 
Holy Trinity, Weston-super-Mare, 1864 ; 
St. Peter's, Netting Hill, 1865 ; went 
to Australia in 1865, where he was 
appointed organist of St. Peter's, and 
was afterwards organist at All Saints', 
St. Kilda ; was for some years In- 
spector of Music for Public Schools in 
the Colony of Victoria, and held other 
appointments in Tasmania and South 
Australia ; was founder of the Musical 
Association of Victoria, 1867, and con- 
ductor of the Melbourne Philharmonic 
Society. He is at present resident in 
Perth, Western Australia. 

SZIGETI, Jtfska, violinist ; b. Buda- 
Pesth, 5 Sept., 1892; s. of Adolph 
Szigeti ; received his early lessons on 
the violin from his father, and later 
studied with Hubay ; made his debut 
at the Royal Academy of Music, Buda- 
Pesth, in 1902, playing Viotti's A minor 
Concerto, and was first heard in Lon- 
don in 1907 ; he has introduced to 
London audiences Hamilton Harty's 
Violin Concerto (dedicated to Mr. 
Szigeti), Hubay 's E major No. 2 Con- 
certo, Busoni's Violin Concerto (under 
composer's bdton), revived Goldmark's 
Violin Concerto and his Suite in E 
major (Op. 10) on the occasion of the 
composer s eightieth birthday ; has 
played under Nikisch, Mengelberg, 
Steinbach, Sir Henry Wood, Landon 
Ronald, etc. ; has toured England 
with Busoni, with Backhaus, and with 
Melba ; has had the honour of playing 
before the Queen of the Belgians, and 
has appeared with consistent success 
in every important musical town on 
the Continent. He now resides in 

TAFFS, Joseph Alan, student of the 
R.C.M. ; b. Islington ; . at the 
Stationers' Company's School, Horn- 
sey ; studied composition under Sir 
Charles Stanford at the R.C.M., where 
he won the Arthur Sullivan Memorial 
Prize for Composition and (1912) the 
Mendelssohn Scholarship at the age of 

TAGGABT, Jenny, soprano; b. 
Glasgow; d. of George Taggart, 
cabinet maker, and of his wife, Jane 
Mougo, formerly a well-known vocalist 
in Scotland ; e. at Denniston Ladies' 
School ; was for some time a church 
organist in Glasgow ; received instruc- 
tion (on the piano) from David Lamond ; 
(organ) E. Harley, and (singing) from 
Miss McEwan and Madame Mathilde 
Marchesi, Paris ; first appeared at the 
City Hall, Glasgow, in 1896, as soprano 
soloist in the " Messiah " ; her subse- 
quent engagements include appearances 
at the Queen's Hall, St. James's Hall, 
Leeds Choral Union, and at leading 

concerts all over the United King- 
dom ; she sang at sight the principal 
soprano music in Beethoven's " Choral 
Symphony" for the Glasgow Choral 
Union, and was also suddenly called 
upon to sing the solo part in Elgar's 
" Apostles " for the Leeds Choral 
Union; her earliest appearance in 
public was at the age of seven years 
as a pianist, and she was the accom- 
panist in her ninth year to her 
father's choir and to the Bridgton 
Choral Union, of which her father was 
conductor ; is a member of the I.S.M. 
Address : 25 Castellain Road, Maida 
Hill, W. Telephone : 4636 Hampstead. 

TALBOT, Howard (Munkittrick), 
composer and conductor ; b. New 
York, 9 Mar., 1865 ; s. of Lillie and 
Alexander Munkittrick ; e. London ; 
was for some time a medical student 
at King's College ; received his musical 
education at the R.C.M., where he 
studied composition under Sir Hubert 
Parry ; his first opera, " Wapping Old 





Stairs/' was produced at the Vaude- 
ville Theatre, Feb., 1894 ; his subse- 
quent works include " Monte Carlo " 
at the Avenue, 1896; "A Chinese 
Honeymoon," originally produced at 
Hanley, 1899, and subsequently per- 
formed at the Strand Theatre, Oct., 
1901, where it achieved a record run ; 
" Kitty Grey" (part composer), Apollo, 
1901; "Three Little Maids" (part 
composer with Paul Rubens), Apollo, 
1902 ; " The Blue Moon " (part com- 
poser with Paul Rubens), Lyric, 1905 ; 
" The White Chrysanthemum," Crite- 
rion, 1905 ; " The Girl Behind the 
Counter," Wyndham's, 1906; "The 
Three Kisses," Apollo, 1907 ; " The 
Arcadians " (with Lionel Monckton), 
Shaftesbury, 1909 ; " The Mousm6 " 
(with Lionel Monckton), Shaftesbury, 
1911 ; has conducted for Mr. George 
Edwardes at various theatres since 
1900. Recreations : Riding, driving, 
motoring, and yachting. Clubs : Green 
Room and Eccentric. Address : 2 
Piccadilly Chambers, Coventry Street, 
W. Telephone : 13031 Central. 

TABQUINI, Tarquinia, operatic 
soprano ; b. Tuscany ; e. musically 
at Florence, and at the Conservatoire, 
Milan ; made her operatic dtbttt with 
the San Carlo Company, and toured 
Egypt, Portugal, Austria, and Italy, 
playing leading rdles in " Boh6me," 
"M4non," "Madama Butterfly," and 
" Salome " ; created title-rdfe in " Con- 
chita," by Zandonai, at Milan ; ap- 
peared for first time at Covent Garden 
in 1912. Address : c/o Covent Garden 
Theatre, W.C. 

TAYLOR, Franklin, pianist and 
teacher of pianoforte ; b. Birmingham, 
5 Feb., 1843 ; received his musical 
education at Leipzig Conservatoire ; 
settled in London, 1862 ; became Pro- 
fessor at National Training School, 
1876; is a Professor at the R.C.M. 
and Member of the Associated Board 
of the R.A.M. and the R.C.M. Pub- 
lished works include " Primer of 
Pianoforte Playing" (1877), "Tech- 
nique and Expression in Pianoforte 
Playing " (1897), articles in " Grove's 
Dictionary," translations of Richter's 
" Harmony " and " Counterpoint, 
Canon and Fugue." Address : 49 
Iverna Court, Kensington, W. 

TAILOR, Florence, contralto; b. 
Robin Hood's Bay ; received her mu- 
sical education at the R.C.M., studying 
under Sefior Gustav Garcia (singing), 
Miss Daymond and Mr. Dunhill (har- 
mony), and Mr. Cairns James (elocu- 
tion) ; later she went to Berlin and con- 
tinued her studies with Frau Klatte, 
appearing at the King Edward Memo- 
rial Concert organised by the British 
Embassy at the German capital ; she 
sang in " Elijah " at the Royal Choral 
Society, Albert Hall, and has appeared 
at many of the leading provincial 
choral societies' concerts ; she gave a 
successful recital at the ^Eolian Hall 
in Oct., 1911. Address: 78 Gloucester 
Place, Portman Square, W. Agents : 
c/o I.C.A., 524 Birkbeck Bank Cham- 
bers, W.C. 

TEMPEST, Marie Susan, actress and 
vocalist ; b. London, 15 July, 1866 ; 

d. of Edwin and Sarah Etherington; 

e. at R.A.M., where she studied under 
the late Manuel Garcia, and where she 
took bronze, silver, and gold medals ; 
m. Cosmo Gordon-Lennox (Cosmo 
Stuart), son of Lord Alexander Gordon- 
Lennox ; made her first appearance on 
the stage at the Comedy Theatre, 
30 May, 1885, as Fiametta, in a revival 
of " Boccaccio " ; she was next seen 
at the Opera Comique Theatre, 14 Nov., 
1885, as the Lady Blanche in " The 
Fay o* Fire," and on 26 Dec., she re- 
turned to the Comedy to take up the 
title part in " Erminie " ; she was then 
engaged at Drury Lane, where on 
29 June, 1886, she made a great suc- 
cess by her impersonation of Rosella 
in " Frivoli " ; at the Prince of Wales's, 
4 Oct., 1886, she was the Countess 
Bianca in " La B6arnaise," and then 
on 19 Feb., 1887, she succeeded Marion 
Hood in the name part in " Dorothy," 
and continued to play the part at that 
theatre and at the Lyric until Apr., 
1889, the opera then having been per- 
formed consecutively for 931 times, 
the longest run on record for a comic 
opera; at the Lyric, 20 Apr., 1889, 
she appeared as Doris in the opera of 
that name, and 23 Nov., 1889, she 
appeared as Kitty Carrol in " The Red 
Hussar " ; the following year she went 
to America and made her first appear- 
ance in New York at Palmer's Theatre, 





5 Aug., 1890, in the same part in " The 
Red Hussar " ; during her stay in 
America she also appeared as Carmen, 
Dorothy, Manon, and Mignon in the 
operas bearing those names; Adam 
and, subsequently, Christel in " The 
Tyrolean," Francesca in " The Fenc- 
ing Master," and in " The Pirates of 
Penzance," " The Algerian," " The 
Bohemian Girl," and " Voegelhander" ; 
she returned to England in 1895, and 
made her reappearance in London at 
Daly's Theatre, 2 Feb., 1895, as Adele 
in "An Artist's Model " ; she re- 
mained at Daly's until 1900, and during 
that period she appeared there as O 
Mimosa San in " The Geisha," 25 Apr., 
1896 ; as Maia in " A Greek Slave," 
8 June, 1898 ; and San Toy in the play 
of that name, 21 Oct., 1899 ; she then 
severed her connection -with musical 
plays, and since that date has appeared 
only in comedy. After some years with 
Mr. Charles Frohman, she has gone 
into management and has produced 
" The Honeymoon," " At the Barn," 
and " Art and Opportunity," also a 
Triple Bill including a wordless play 
with music, by Herman Finck, in 
which she made a striking success as 
a mime. She has established her 
reputation as one of the leading 
comediennes on the English stage. 
A ddress : 4 Cumberland Terrace, 
N.W. Telephone: 3100 North. 

TEMPLE, Hope (Madame Messager), 
song writer ; 6. and e. in Ireland ; 
studied to become a pianist, but, in 
consequence of two accidents to her 
left arm, had to abandon the idea ; 
began composing at fourteen, and has 
published many popular songs : " An 
Old Garden," "My Lady's Bower," 
" In Sweet September," " Auf Wieder- 
sehen," " Rory Darlin' " ; sister of the 
late Mrs. Samuel Lewis, a well-known 
philanthropist ; is fond of all kinds of 
sport, and collecting curios ; m. Mons. 
Andre Messager, the well-known French 
composer, until 1907 Director of Covent 
Garden Theatre, and now of the Grand 
Opera, Paris. Address : 174 Boulevard 
Mlalesherbes, Paris. 

TERNINA, Milka, operatic soprano ; 
b. Vienna; studied under Dr. Gan- 
sbacher, and made her debut at 

Leipzig; has sung all the principal 
operatic vdles, her favourites being La 
Tosca, Brunhilde, Ingwelde, Gwen- 
doline, Cid, Fidelio, etc. Address : 
Mafieistrasse, Munich ; and c/o Covent 
Garden Opera House, W.C. 

TERTIS, Lionel, viola soloist; b. 
West Hartlepool, 29 Dec., 1876 ; has 
appeared at the Philharmonic and all 
the leading concerts, and is a professor 
at the G.S.M. Recreations: Motor- 
cycling and golf. Address : G.S.M., 
Victoria Embankment, E.G. 

TESCHEMACHER, Edward, lyric 
writer; 6. London, 1876; is the 
author of the words of over 1,000 
songs, among the well-known and 
popular favourites are : " Because," 
" I Know a Lovely Garden," " O 
Lovely Night," " Little Irish Girl," 
"Until," "Tommy Lad," etc., etc. 
Recreation : Gardening. Address : 
Lye Green, Chesham, Bucks. Tele- 
phone : 47 P.O. Chesham. 

TETRAZZINI, Luisa (Signora 
Bazelli), operatic soprano; b. Flor- 
ence; youngest d. of a merchant of 
that town ; her brother, the eldest of 
the family, is a stage director at 
Berra, and possesses a good tenor 
voice ; one of her sisters teaches music 
in Milan, and the other, Eva, is now 
Mme. Cleofonte Campanini, and has 
been heard at the Academy of Music 
in New York and elsewhere ; her 
husband, Signer Campanini (q.v.), is 
one of the conductors at the Royal 
Opera, Covent Garden. Madame 
Tetrazzini has stated that as a child 
she, perhaps unconsciously, assimi- 
lated the operas that her sister Eva 
was in the habit of practising at home ; 
this was, she says, carried to such an 
extent that she knew both words and 
music of several operas before she was 
even aware of the fact ; among them 
were " La Gioconda," " Faust," and 
" Un Ballo in Maschera " ; this was 
before she was twelve years old, at 
which time her voice was a deep con- 
tralto ; soon after, however, it began 
to extend upwards until now she is 
able to sing F in alt in such operas as 
" n Flauto Magico " and " La Son- 
nambula." Her mother, however, was 
consistently opposed to her following 





her sister Eva's profession, although 
she allowed her to begin studying at 
the Liceo Musicale in Florence ; to do 
this it was necessary to sing before 
Signor Ceccherini, the director ; he 
had been the teacher of her sister, and 
was amazed at the proficiency she dis- 
played ; so for three months she 
attended the Liceo, and it may truly 
be said that this was almost the whole 
of her experience of academical teach- 
ing ; but after she had left the school 
her master came to the house, and she 
continued studying operas with him, 
adding to her repertoire " Crispino e la 
Comare," " Lafille du Regiment," and 
" Semiramide." At length her oppor- 
tunity came; at the Teatro Nicolini, 
in her native town of Florence, the 
manager required an artiste to take 
the small part of Inez in Meyerbeer's 
" L'Africaine " ; he offered her the 
part, which she accepted, and was 
given a contract at 100 dollars a month 
for four months, following this up by 
a second engagement at double the 
modest salary. Engagements all over 
Italy, Spain, Russia, and South 
America followed ; indeed, a more 
important debut may be said to have 
been made at Rio Janeiro as Violetta 
in " Traviata," and it was owing to 
the pressing representations of her 
brother-in-law that she consented to 
try her luck in London, with the result 
that all the world knows. Her first 
appearance was not in the Grand Sea- 
son but in the Autumn Season of 1907 
as Violetta, and her reception was such 
that the appearance of the opera house 
in Nov. recalled the days of Patti and 
Albani in the height of the London 
season ; she has since added many 
famous lyric rdles to her repertoire, 
including Gilda and Lucia di Lammer- 
moor. Address : c/o Covent Garden 
Theatre, W.C. 

TEW, Whitney, bass ; b. America, 
where he is a popular favourite in 
oratorio and opera ; has had numerous 
appearances in London, and toured the 
provinces with Madame Alice Esty, 
giving a series of recitals. Mr. Tew is 
an excellent linguist, and sings in four 

'JLJSKTJfi, Maggie, operatic soprano ; 
fe. Apr., 1889, at Wolverhampton ; e. 

at St. Joseph's Convent, Wolverhamp- 
ton ; m. Dr. Eugene Plumon, Advocate 
to the Court of Appeal, Paris ; studied 
with Jean de Reszke at the age of 
fifteen, and made her debut in May, 
1908, as Melisande in Debussy's 
"Pelleas and Melisande" at the 
Opera Comique, Paris ; made her first 
London appearance in Oct., 1909, at 
the Queen's Hall ; she sang with 
immense success in 1910 at His 
Majesty's Theatre and Covent Garden 
during the Beecham Season, appearing 
as Cherubino in " Nozze di Figaro," 
Marguerite in " Faust," MSlisande in 
" Pelleas and Melisande," and Antonia 
in " Tales of Hoffmann " ; engaged 
for the 1911-1912 season in America, 
and re-engaged for the 1912-1913 sea- 
sons, when she appeared at Chicago, 
New York, and Philadelphia in a 
number of rdles, afterwards making a 
concert tour through the States, 
Nov., 1912, to Feb., 1913; engaged 
to tour the English provinces with 
Sir Henry Wood and the Queen's Hall 
Orchestra in 3 to 9 Mar., 1913, and 
will afterwards appear at the Riviera, 
Vienna, Berlin, and Paris, returning 
for the London season in May, 1913. 
Favourite rdles : Melisande in De- 
bussy's opera and Mimi in Puccini's 
" La Bohdme." Recreations : Golf, 
tennis, motor touring. Addresses : 
16 Avenue de Friedland, Paris ; c/o 
The Windsor Trust Company, 5th 
Avenue, 47th Street, New York ; and 
SA Kensington Palace Gardens, Lon- 
don. Telephone : 535/04 Paris ; and 
235 Kensington, London. Telegraphic 
Addresses : " Nomulp, Notting, Lon- 
don " ; " Nomulp, Paris " ; and 
" Nomulp, New York." 

THECLA, Mile. Mand (Mme. Gaston 
Mayer), operatic soprano ; b. Boston, 
Massachusetts, U.S.A. ; m. Gaston 
Mayer, manager, New Royalty Theatre, 
London, June, 1905 ; e. Paris, where 
she prepared for the stage under Jean 
de Reszke, Vergnet, and Juliani ; made 
her debut in 1905, at Covent Garden ; 
her favourite rdles include Margherita 
in "Faust," Elsa in "Lohengrin," 
Valentine in " Gli Ugonotti," Rachel 
in " La Juive," " La Tosca," and other 
principal parts of the classic and modern 
Italian, German, and French repertoires. 





THOMAS, Ada, pianist; b. Col- 
chester, Essex ; commenced the study 
of music as a small child with Francesco 
Berger ; later she entered the R.C.M. 
and under Edward Dannreuther won 
a scholarship there, after which she 
studied in Vienna under Leschetitzky ; 
first appeared at the Bechstein Hall, in 
1904, at a Brahms Recital with Mr. 
Gervase Elwes, accompanying his 
songs as well as playing solos ; has 
given many recitals in London, and has 
also played at the Broadwood Concerts 
in London and with the Bach Musical 
Society; played at Dresden, 1907. 
Recreations : Country life and travel. 
Address: 27 Bedford Gardens, W. 
Telephone : 1262 Kensington. 

THOMAS, Frank Lewis, pianist, 
organist, composer, and teacher of 
singing ; younger s. of the well-known 
bass singer, Lewis Thomas ; b. Lon- 
don in 1857 ; studied for some time at 
the R.A.M. under Sir William Cusins 
for piano, F. Ralph (violin), and 
Banister (harmony) ; afterwards under 
A. H. Thouless for piano, J. S. Jekyll 
(Organist of Her Majesty's Chapels 
Royal) for organ, and under his father 
for singing; appointed organist of 
Christ Church, Lancaster Gate, in Jan., 
1879, Dr. William Henry Monk being 
choirmaster ; appointed organist and 
choirmaster, St. Mary's Church, Brom- 
ley, Kent, in Nov., 1880, where he 
still remains ; conductor of Bromley 
Musical Society from 1880 to 1910. 
For many years Mr. Thomas was 
largely engaged as an accompanist, 
being for many years accompanist at 
the Covent Garden Promenade Con- 
certs. In later years he has almost 
entirely occupied himself in teaching 
in Bromley and the neighbourhood. 
He has composed a large number of 
songs, pianoforte pieces, also anthems 
and church music generally. 

THOMAS, John, harpist ; b. Bridg- 
end, Glamorganshire, 1 Mar., 1826 ; 
studied at the R.A.M. under J. B. 
Chatterton (harp), C. J. Read (piano), 
and Cipriani Potter and Lucas (com- 
position) ; remained eight years at the 
Academy, and was made an A.R.A.M. 
and F.R.A.M. ; has toured through 
Europe many times and played with 

all the leading English orchestras ; in 
1872 he succeeded J. B. Chatterton 
as harpist to Queen Victoria, and is 
harpist to H.M. the King; has com- 
posed a great deal of harp music, and 
is a Professor at the R.A.M., G.S.M., 
and the R.C.M. ; he is known in Wales 
as Pencerdd Gwalia (Chief of the Welsh 
Minstrels). Address : Llandulas, New 
Barnet; late 53 Welbeck Street, 
Cavendish Square, W. 

THOMAS, Dr. B. Vaughan, com- 
poser ; b. Wales ; as a young man he 
worked as a miner ; won several 
scholarships, and eventually won his 
way to Oxford University, where he 
took his M.A. and Mus.Doc. ; was 
later appointed Assistant Music Master 
at Harrow under Dr. Percy Buck, and 
occupied that position for many years ; 
he is now following a musical career at 
Swansea. His compositions are numer- 
ous, perhaps his best known being a 
setting of Gray's Pindaric Ode, " The 
Bard," produced at Cardiff Festival, 
and afterwards performed by the 
London Choral Society at Queen's 

THOMAS, Vincent, composer and 
conductor ; b. Wrexham, 4 Dec., 
1872 ; s. of William Thomas and 
his wife, Mary Darlington ; e. at 
Grove Park and Rydal Mount ; m. 
Margaret Cornf orth ; made his cttbut 
at Queen's Hall on 2 Nov., 1898, when 
he conducted Liza Lehmann's " Endy- 
mion." Principal compositions : " Eos 
and Gwevril " (opera), produced at St. 
George's Hall, Apr., 1902 ; " Gwene- 
vere " (opera), produced at the Coronet 
Theatre, Nov., 1905 ; " Enid " (opera), 
produced at the Court Theatre, Nov., 
1908 ; " Quest of the Grail " (masque), 
produced at the Court Theatre, July, 
1908 ; new opera, " Dagonet," not yet 
produced ; has composed numerous 
songs and orchestral works performed 
under the direction of A. W. Payne at 
Llandudno, Dan Godfrey at Bourne- 
mouth, and Alick Maclean at Scar- 
borough, etc. Mr. Thomas is an official 
of the London, County and West- 
minster Bank, and in 1895 formed an 
orchestra from members of the staff ; 
he has conducted them ever since. 
Address : 41 Lothbury, E.C. 





THOMAS, William Henry, teacher of 
singing and pianoforte ; b. 8 May, 
1848, at Bath; s. of Mr. Lewis 
Thomas, a famous bass singer in 
oratorio, etc. : vicar-choral for many 
years at Worcester Cathedral, after- 
wards of St. Paul's Cathedral, the 
Temple Church, and His Majesty's 
Chapel Royal, St. James's Palace ; 
e. at St. John's Collegiate School, 
N.W., and for music by his father 
(singing), Lindsay Sloper (pianoforte), 
Dando (violin), and Dr. Hopkins 
(organ and harmony) ; he made an 
early appearance as an accompanist 
at NoveUo's series of concerts at the 
Albert Hall, soon after its opening, and 
was engaged in the same capacity at 
the Covent Garden Promenade Con- 
certs ; his first organ appointment was 
at St. Andrew's, Lambeth ; after that 
he went to St. Martin's, Ludgate Hill, 
and for the last thirty years he has held 
the post of organist at St. George's 
Church, Tufnell Park, N. ; for many 
years Mr. Thomas was conductor of 
the Poplar Musical Union, which gave 
concerts at various East End centres ; 
he has also been conductor of the 
Tufnell Park Musical Society, the 
Artists' R.V. Musical Society, the 
Croydon Orchestral Society, and St. 
George's Choral Society ; he has acted 
as adjudicator at the Dolgelly Eistedd- 
fod ; he holds Grand rank in Masonic 
Craft and Chapter. Recreation : For- 
merly Volunteering (retiring as Major 
of the " Artists " R.V.) and latterly 
golf. Member of the I.S.M., the Arts 
Club, the Blackfriars and R.A.M. 
Clubs ; is a Professor of Singing at the 
R.A.M. and the G.S.M., and an 
Examiner for the Associated Board. 
Address : 7 Lidlington Place, Har- 
rington Square, N.W. 

THOMPSON, Arthur John (Arthur 
Thompson), tenor and teacher of sing- 
ing ; 1. London, 1856 ; e. at a private 
school in Hackney, under the Rev. 
Thomas Holding; prepared for the 
musical profession by the late Richard 
Limpus (founder of the College of 
Organists), Theodore Distin and by 
Dr. W. H. Cummings privately; he 
also studied under the latter at the 
R.A.M. ; has sung at many leading 
London and provincial concerts, 

including the Royal Choral Society, 
the Sacred Harmonic Society, etc. Jtlr. 
Thompson is a Professor at the 
R.A.M., of which institution he is a 
Fellow, and also teaches at the 
G.S.M. ; he has been twice married ; 
in 1883 to Miss Grace Godolphin, who 
died shortly after, and in 1887 to Miss 
Lily Isabel Stow; he now devotes 
himself entirely to teaching. Address : 
Woodgates, Stormont Road, Highgate. 
Club : Arts. 

THOMSON, Cfear, violinist, com- 
poser and teacher ; 6. LiSge, 18 
March, 1857 ; s. of Francois Thomson 
and his wife Josephine Delhaz; m. 
Countess Louise Riva; began his 
musical training with his father, and 
later became a student at the " Con- 
servatoire Royale de LiSge," where he 
studied under Mattre Leonard ; made 
his debut as a violinist when only 
ten years old at the " Salle d'Emula- 
tion," LiSge, and was first heard in 
London in 1884 ; has since made a 
large number of long and important 
tours of all the principal European 
towns, and in North and South 
America. Is a professor at Brussels 
Conservatoire. His compositions, 
which are numerous and distinguished, 
include Scandinavian works, also a 
Fantasie (for violin and orchestra) 
on Hungarian Themes, also arrange- 
ments of the old Italian Masters, 
etc. ; at the present time (January, 
1913), he is just completing an im- 
portant work, his subject being a 
comprehensive violin Method. Re- 
creation : Yachting. Address : 37 
Rue Van Eyck, Brussels. Telegraphic 
Address : Thomson, Conservatoire, 

THORNE, Dr. E. H., organist, pia- 
nist, and composer ; 6. Cranbourne, 
Dorset, 9 May, 1834 ; s. of Edward 
Thome, musician ; e. at Windsor ; m. 
Elizabeth Isabella Payne, of Jersey; 
was a pupil of the late Sir George Elvey 
and a chorister at St. George's Chapel, 
Windsor ; first appeared in public at 
Stoke-sub-Hamden, Somerset ; was 
appointed organist and choirmaster of 
Henley-on-Thames, 1852; Chichester 
Cathedral, 1862 ; St. Patrick's, Brigh- 
ton, 1870; St. Peter's, Cranley Gar- 
dens, 1873; St. Michael's, Cornhill, 





1875; St. Anne's, Soho, 1891, a 
position he still occupies ; is a com- 
poser of a large quantity of orchestral, 
chamber, church, organ, and piano- 
forte music, including Cavatina for 
violin and piano, and Romance for 
'cello and piano ; he is held in very 
high esteem both as organist and a 
writer for the organ ; is a well-known 
teacher of the organ and piano; a 
member of the Royal Society of 
Musicians. Degree of Mus.Doc. con- 
ferred upon him, Feb. 25, 1913. 
Address : 19 Clarendon Gardens, 
Maida Vale, W. 

THORNTON, Mme. Edna, contralto ; 
b. Bradford, Yorkshire ; studied at the 
Manchester R.C.M. under Madame 
Lemmens-Sherrington, and afterwards 
privately with Sir Charles Santley ; 
since 1906 Miss Thornton has appeared 
atCovent Garden, as well as at leading 
festivals and concerts ; her first 
operatic work was at Daly's Theatre in 
" Ib and Little Christina " ; her 
operatic rdles have included La Cieca 
in " Gioconda," Erda, Waltraute, and 
Fricka in "The Ring," Ortrud in 
" Lohengrin," Amneris in " Aida," 
Borangeain in " Tristan and Isolde," 
etc. A ddress : 60 Ashworth Mansions, 
Maida Vale, W. 

THORPE, Dora, soprano ; b. Totten- 
ham; d. of Mr. R. Cureton-Thorpe ; 
e. privately and at the G.S.M. under 
Chev. de Munck for 'cello and De Solla 
for singing ; made her dbut in Brus- 
sels, May, 1896; has toured exten- 
sively in the provinces, and has 
appeared at all the principal London 
concert halls ; is the originator of the 
" Corona Septette " of ladies who were 
engaged to play at the Guildhall on 
the occasion of the Colonial Premiers' 
visit. Miss Thorpe is principally 
known in an unusual branch of her 
art singing to her own 'cello obbli- 
gato. Hobbies : Needlework and 
motoring; she is a member of the 
Arts and Dramatic Club and the 
Concert Artistes' Benevolent Associa- 
tion. Address : 282 Camden Road, 
N.W. Telephone : North 452. 

was entirely self-taught up to the age 
of twenty, when she received finishing 
lessons from Mr. John Thomas ; made 
her debut at the City of London School 
in Mozart's Concerto; has since 
played in the orchestras of most of the 
leading provincial festivals, and has 
appeared as solo harpist at a large 
number of London " At Homes " ; is 
a professor at the G.S.M. Recreations : 
" Patience " and walking. Address : 
7 Caithness Road, Brook Green, 

THUDICHUM, Charlotte, soprano, 
and teacher of singing ; b. London ; 
d. of a London physician, her mother 
being of Huguenot descent ; studied 
singing under Manuel Garcia at the 
R.A.M., where she gained the Parepa- 
Rosa Scholarship in 1880 and the 
Westmoreland Scholarship in 1882 ; 
studied operatic singing in Paris with 
Madame Viardot-Garcia ; sang at all 
the leading London and provincial 
concerts, and at many of the pro- 
vincial festivals from 1883 onwards ; 
in 1891 was engaged to appear at the 
Royal English Opera House as Re- 
becca in Sullivan's " Ivanhoe " ; she 
again took up concert work, appearing 
frequently at the principal concerts and 
festivals, and made a long tour of 
Australia in 1896-7 ;, since then she has 
largely devoted herself to teaching. 
Address: 11 Pembroke Gardens, 
Kensington, W. 

THYNNE, Grace, violinist ; b. Kilk- 
hampton, Cornwall ; went to Prague, 
where she studied under Sevcik, 
making her first appearance of import- 
ance at a pupils* concert ; later went 
to St. Petersburg, and continued her 
studies with Professor Auer ; her 
appearances in London include recitals 
at Bechstein and ^Eolian Halls and the 
Cornish Festival at Queen's Hall, and 
she has played at many leading con- 
certs in the provinces ; in 1911 Miss 
Thynne visited Buenos Ayres and 
Monte Video, where she gave recitals 
and appeared at a number of orchestral 
concerts. Address : 68 New Cavendish 
Street, W. 

THORPE, Galatea, harpist; b. TILLEARD, Margaret, pianist ; corn- 
Mansfield, Notts. ; d. of John Thorpe ; menced studying the piano with Herr 
e. privately ; m. John M, Calla.way ; Johann Van Hulst, in London, under 


14 (2141) 




whose tuition she remained until pro- 
ceeding to Leipzig; there she con- 
tinued her studies at the famous Con- 
servatorium for nearly five years, under 
Professor Papperitz, and also with Pro- 
fessor Dr. Karl Reinecke, the principal 
of the Conservatorium ; upon the com- 
pletion of her term at Leipzig, Mss 
Tilleard was awarded a prize as the 
best pianist among the students at 
the Conservatorium. Miss Tilleard 
played with success at many orchestral 
and other concerts throughout Ger- 
many, and has appeared at the 
principal West-end concert halls. 
Agency : Ashton's, 33 Old Bond Street, 

TIMOTHY, Miriam, harpist ; partly 
trained at the R. A.M., of which institu- 
tion she is an Associate, and where she 
studied from the age of eleven till she 
was fourteen, when she won the Erard 
Exhibition at the R.C.M., remaining 
there four years and being elected an 
Associate. Miss Timothy has since 
become one of the most prominent 
harpists of the day ; with only two 
exceptions she has played at all the 
great festivals; in 1900 she went 
to Osborne House, stayed there a 
week, and was presented to her 
late Majesty, Queen Victoria, of 
whose private band she was made a 
member ; in 1902 she had the further 
distinction of being the only lady in 
the orchestra under Sir Frederick 
Bridge at the Coronation ; she stayed 
at Sandringham, and was presented 
to the late King Edward and to Queen 
Alexandra ; also played at the Coro- 
nation of H.M. King George ; she is a 
member of the London Symphony 
Orchestra and an Associate of the 
Philharmonic Society ; during the 
grand opera season of 1907 she was 
made principal harpist at Covent 
Garden Theatre. Miss Timothy is a 
Professor at the R.C.M. Address: 
26 Antrim Mansions, Antrim Road, 
Hampstead, N.W. Telephone : 5546, 

TINNEY, Charles Ernest, baritone 
and teacher of singing ; fc. Pimlico, 
15 Max., 1851 ; his father was Mr. 
Frederick George Tinney, conductor 
of the famous Coote & Tinney's Band, 

and the son of William Tinney, a 
famous bass singer at the beginning 
of the nineteenth century, associated 
with Sir Henry Bishop and many 
other celebrities of the time. Mr. 
Charles Tinney was a boy chorister at 
Westminster Abbey under James 
Turle; was for a time a pupil of Sir 
Charles Santiey, and continued his 
studies at the R.A.M. under Signor 
Manuel Garcia ; he made his first 
appearance at an Academy concert in 
St. James's Hall in 1876 ; was a vicar- 
choral at St. Paul's Cathedral for a 
period of twenty-five years, and for 
two years assistant master of the boys ; 
was principal English singing-master 
at the New England Conservatory of 
Music, Boston, for four years, and 
resided in Buenos Ayres for two years 
as concert singer ; Professor at the 
G.S.M. since 1900 ; m. Miss Kate 
Lemon in 1878. Address : G.S.M. 

TOSTI, Sir F. Paolo, K.C.V.O. ; 6. 

Ortona al Mare, in the Abbruzzi, 1847, 
but now a naturalised Englishman; 
commenced his musical studies at the 
Conservatoire at Naples, gaining first 
prize for violin playing, which entitled 
him to a free scholarship ; he next 
studied singing and harmony, and com- 
menced to compose songs ; his first 
songs, " Non m'Ama Hu " and " La- 
mento d'Amore," were refused by three 
Italian publishers, but eventually 
became his most popular works in 
Italy, and Ricordi, who had refused 
to buy them, paid a large sum for them 
some time afterwards, and has re- 
mained Signor Tosti's publisher ever 
since ; for some time he remained in 
Italy, and was appointed teacher to 
Queen Marguerite ; in 1876 he came 
to London, and almost immediately 
caught the public taste with his song 
" For Ever and For Ever " ; among 
his most popular compositions in this 
country are " Good-bye," " Beauties' 
Eyes," " Venetian Boat Song," " Ask 
Me No More," and " My Heart's De- 
light," but nearly all his compositions 
have met with exceptional favour. 
Signor Tosti was a great favourite oi 
the late Queen Victoria, and was fre- 
quently commanded to sing and 
play to Her Majesty. Address : 12 
Mandeville Place, W. 





TOURS, Frank B., composer and 
conductor ; b. London, 1 Sept., 1877, 
his father being the late Mr. Berthold 
Tours, a well-known Church musician ; 
e. privately, and at the R.C.M. by Sir 
C. Stanford, Parratt, and Bridge ; first 
professionally engaged at St. John's, 
Hammersmith, as organist, and after 
as conductor of Stanford's opera, 
" Shamus O'Brien," in 1897 ; was for 
six years conductor for Chas. Frohman 
and Seymour Hicks at Daly's, Prince 
of Wales, Gaiety, and Aldwych The- 
atres, and toured round the world in 
1903-4 ; at present is musical director 
of the De Koven Opera Company in 
New York. His compositions include 
comic opera, " Melmotte " (produced 
London, 1901) ; " The Dairymaids,*' 
with Mr. Paul Rubens; "The Hoy- 
den," with Mr. Paul Rubens. Part 
composer of " The Little Cherub," 
" See-See," and " The New Aladdin " ; 
has written several songs, the most 
popular being " Mother o' Mine," 
f< Red Rose," " A Meeting," " A Rose 
Romance," " Beyond lie Sunset," 
" A Year Ago," etc., and " The Dash- 
ing Little Duke " (light opera). Re- 
creation : Motoring. C/6s : Royal 
Automobile, Green Room (London), 
the Lambs (New York). Address : 
4 Clement's Inn, W.C. ; and Ventnor 
Villa, Chiswick, W. Telephone : 2802 

TOY, Ernest, violinist ; 6. Bendigo, 
Victoria, Australia, 24 Sept., 1880; 
prepared for the musical profession by 
Charles Manby, of Townsville, Queens- 
land, and Professor Gustave Hol- 
laender of Berlin ; first appeared at 
the opening of the Imperial Institute 
as solo violinist; has since appeared 
at the Queen's Hall and Bechstein 
Hall, and at concerts at Bournemouth, 
Eastbourne, Edinburgh, Leeds, New- 
castle, etc. ; he has also toured 
Australia twice and New Zealand 
once ; obtained the L.R.A.M. at the 
age of sixteen. Recreation : Philately. 

TRACY, Herbert, bass ; 6. London, 
26 Sept., 1877 ; first appeared at the 
Bognor Pier Pavilion, 1899 ; has since 
become a well-known concert and 
oratorio singer ; holds the bass ap- 
pointment at Lincoln's Inn Chapel, and 

is a Lay Clerk of Southwark Cathedral, 
and an Assistant Lay Vicar of West- 
minster Abbey. Address : 40 Telford 
Avenue, Streatham. Telephone : 203 

TRAIL!, Honoria, pianist ; &, Lon- 
don ; d. of Major-General Trail ; e. at 
Dresden Conservatorium under Frau 
Rappoldi-Kahrer, and won the diploma 
for piano-playing ; made several public 
appearances in Germany, and since 
returning to London has given recitals 
at the JEolian Hall, and appeared at 
the Sunday League Concerts, Queen's 
Hall, etc. ; has toured in Wales and 
played at Leeds, Hereford, Bourne- 
mouth, Brighton, and numerous other 
provincial towns. 

TREE, Charles, baritone vocalist; 
b. 1868 at Exmouth; 5. of Charles 
Helman Wheaton, and his wife (nee 
Ellen Tree) ; m. Miss Ruby Needham 
(daughter of Thomas Needham, Esq., 
of Woodhouse, N. Finchley) ; won 
the International Baritone 100 Guineas 
Competition, London, 1896, singing 
the Prologue to Pagliacci ; has 
since sung with success in America, 
France, Belgium, and for all the leading 
musical societies throughout Great 
Britain. Mr. Tree is the author of 
" How to Acquire Ease of Voice Pro- 
duction " ; his favourite and, perhaps, 
most successful rdles are those of 
Mephisto, in " Faust," Lucifer in 
" The Golden Legend," and the 
Prophet in " Elijah " ; he is a direct 
descendant of Drake on the one side 
and of Ellen Tree (Mrs. Charles Kean) 
on the other. Recreations : Tennis and 
shooting. Address : 29 King's Road, 
Sloane Square, London, S.W. Tele- 
phone : No. 639 Victoria. 

TREVOB, Harry, musical editor of 
The Standard ; b. 1869 ; fourth son 
of F. G. B. Trevor, Esq., C.I.E., J.P. ; 

e. privately; is B.A., Magdalene 
College, Cambridge; studied singing 
under E. K. Alderson, composition 
under Burnham Homer, and orches- 
tration under J . A . Robertson . A ddress : 
The Standard, London. 

TROWELL, Arnold, 'cellist; fc. 
Wellington, New Zealand ; his father 





was a violinist and conductor ; at the 
age of ten he played Klengel's Con- 
certo in A Minor. Jean Gerardy, who 
was touring New Zealand, advised him 
to go to Europe to study ; he went to 
Frankfort, where he studied under 
Hugo Becker until the reputation of 
Brussels attracted him ; here at the 
public " Concours " he carried off the 
first prize, notwithstanding the senior- 
ity of most of the competitors ; after 
this he studied alone, and made a suc- 
cessful cttbut, playing Paganini's dim- 
cult variations on " Non piu Mesta." 
Has since become well known in his 

TRUSCOTT, Euneta, soprano ; 6. St. 

Columb, near Newquay, Cornwall ; her 
father and mother were both musical. 
First studied singing with Mr. Samuel 
Bishop, of Exeter, and piano with Mr. 
Vinnicombe, afterwards continuing her 
studies in London, being coached for 
opera and oratorio by Mr. Arthur 
Fagge ; has appeared at many of the 
leading London and provincial con- 
certs, and was engaged for the Watkin 
Mills autumn tour (1912) ; has sung 
the rdles of Elsa, Elizabeth, Venus, 
Marguerite, and Micaela, and has re- 
cently added Eva ("The Meister- 
singers "), Senta (" The Flying Dutch- 
man "), Sieglinde, and Brunnhilde to 
her repertoire. Address : 4 Weymouth 
Court, Portland Place, W. 

TRUST, Helen M., soprano and 
teacher of singing; b. Norwich, 
her father being Mr. Michael John 
Stark of that city, and not connected 
with the musical profession ; e. at Nor- 
wich and in Paris ; she was a pupil of 
Signer Manuel Garcia at the R.A.M., 
of which institution she is an Associate, 
and of Signer Tramezzani of Naples ; 
has sung at the famous Saturday and 
Monday Popular Concerts, the Ballad 
Concerts, and at the Leeds and Nor- 
wich Festivals, and in every provincial 
town of note ; has received offers for 
operatic and other stage work, but has 
preferred to remain purely a concert 
artiste ; m. Mr. H. T. Trust, a well- 
known 'cellist and musician. Madame 
Trust makes a point of singing songs by 
English composers whenever possible ; 
she is a professor of singing at the 

G.S.M. Address : 31 Grove End Road, 
N.W. Telephone : 176 Paddington. 

TUBB, Carrie, soprano; b. West- 
minster; d. of John Tubb and his 
wife, Anne Bardon ; received her 
musical training at the G.S.M., study- 
ing under Frederick Birch ; m. Alex- 
ander John Ede Oliveira ; made her 
debut on the opera stage at Covent 
Garden, in 1910, during the Beecham 
Season, and later at His Majesty's 
Theatre; has appeared with con- 
sistent success on the concert plat- 
form at the Royal Albert Hall Ballad 
Concerts, the Queen*s Hall Promenade 
and Symphony Concerts, etc., and sang 
at the Birmingham Festival of 1912. 
Address : 19 Edith Road, Kensington, 
W. Telephone : 3786 Western. 

TURNPENNEY, Henry, tenor; b. 
London ; e. at the G.S.M., and also 
studied singing with Sir Henry J. 
Wood and Signer Baraldi, while at 
the G.S.M. he won several prizes for 
tenor-singing; has fulfilled engage- 
ments at the Queen's Hall Symphony 
and Promenade Concerts, Albert Hall, 
St. James's Hall, Alexandra and 
Crystal Palaces, and with the principal 
societies throughout Great Britain and 
Ireland. In 1911 he was the principal 
tenor in Dr. Charles Harris's Festival 
Tour of the Empire, when he sang in 
many of the principal towns in Canada, 
United States, Australia, New Zealand, 
and South Africa. Favourite parts: 
Gerontius and King Olaf. Address : 
Sulby, Old Park Road, Palmer's Green, 
N. Telephone : 71 Palmer's Green. 

TYSER, Evelyn, violinist and vocal- 
ist ; trained for her profession by Miss 
Jessie Hudson and Pollitzer ; made 
her first London appearance at the 
Alhambra in Dec., 1901, playing a 
violin solo in the ballet, " The Gay 
City " ; she has also appeared as a 
solo violinist at Queen's Hall, Steinway 
Hall, etc. ; has understudied and 
played in comedy ajid musical comedy 
at The Lyric, Hicks, Comedy and 
Court Theatres, and is one of the few 
artistes who sing and play their. own 
violin obbligato. Recreation : Punting. 
Address : 17 Alexander Street, Bays- 
water, W. Telephone : 259 Western. 





VAN DEN EEDEN, Jean Baptiste, 
composer ; b. Ghent, 26 Dec., 1842 ; 
received his musical education at the 
Ghent and Brussels Conservatoires, 
winning the first prize at Brussels with 
a cantata, " Fausts Laatste Nacht " ; 
was appointed director of the Mons 
Conservatoire in 1878 ; his opera, 
" Numance," was produced at Ant- 
werp, 1897, and he has also written 
several oratorios and cantatas as well 
as orchestral pieces, songs, etc. 

poser, bass viol player, and writer on 
musical subjects ; b, Dusseldorf, 29 
Apr., 1855 ; s. of Edmund van der 
Straeten, late burgomaster and Mem- 
ber of the Prussian Diet ; grandson of 
Anton van der Straeten, sous pr6fet 
under Napoleon, and Knight of the 
Legion of Honour ; e. at Cologne ; m. 
Bertha Jolet-Gleissner, of Cologne, 
1888 ; studied the violoncello under 
Ludwig Ebert and Louis Hegyesi in 
Cologne, and Gustave Libotton, 
G.S.M. ; for theory, he studied with 
Humperdinck, Max Laistner, Alfred 
Richter, and Louis B. Prout ; first 
appeared as solo 'cellist with the 
Cologne Musical Society, 1878 ; has 
since played as soloist in London and 
the provinces, and has also been a 
member of leading orchestras between 
1887 and 1898; in 191 1-1912 he formed 
and conducted the chorus of six hun- 
dred voices for " The Miracle " at 
Olympia, and also the chorus for the 
Covent Garden performances of that 
work in 1912-1913 ; his published com- 
positions include a Suite on English 
airs, two Albums of solo pieces for 
'cello and piano ; Suite for piano and 
strings ; " The Lily of Kashmir/ 1 op6ra 
comique in three acts ; Christmas Can- 
tata, songs, vocal duets, trios, etc. ; 
his favourite recreations are the study 
of classical literature and the fine arts ; 
devotes a great deal of time and energy 
to promoting chamber concerts, at 
which he has produced a considerable 
number of modern works for the first 
time in London ; author of " Technics 
of Violoncello Playing/' " Romance of 

the Fiddle/' " History of the Violon- 
cello," "The Viola," and "The 
Revival of Viols " ; is the founder of 
the Tonal Art Club. Address : The 
Grange, Underbill, New Barnet. 

VAN DICE, Ernest Marie Hubert, 

operatic vocalist ; b. Antwerp, 2 April, 
1861 ; e. at Antwerp, and later at the 
Universities of Louvain and Brussels. 
Was for some time a journalist, but 
the development of his exceptional 
voice led him to adopt music as a pro- 
fession ; made his debut at Covent 
Garden in 1898, and has appeared 
there many times since ; m. Augusta 
Servais. Address : Chateau de Berlaer, 
near Antwerp, Belgium. 

VAN NOORDEN, Walter, operatic 
conductor, and manager of the Carl 
Rosa Opera Company; d. 7 Nov., 
1865, at 27 Bedford Square, his father 
(Mr. P. E. van Noorden) being a 
teacher of singing, and his aunt, 
Louisa van Noorden, formerly a dis- 
tinguished operatic artiste; e. at the 
G.S.M., under Lindsay Sloper, Thomas 
Wingham, and Francis Davenport; 
while still a student, Mr. van Noorden 
was allowed by Mr. Weist Hill to con- 
duct an orchestra as his deputy ; he 
has always had a passion for conduct- 
ing, and for over fourteen years has 
been manager and conductor of -the 
Carl Rosa Opera Company. His 
favourite operas are " Figaro " and 
" Fidelio," and his hobbies are the 
collecting of old music and " lustre " 
china. Club : Savage. Address : 3 
Priory Court, West Hampstead. 

VAN ONDRICEK, Moris, violinist; 
b. Pilsen, Bohemia, 6 Dec., 1883; 
s. of Johan Ondricek, violinist, and 
his wife, Marie Malina ; his brothers, 
Franz Ondricek, of Vienna, and Carl 
Ondricek, of Boston, are both famous 
violinists ; was prepared for the musi- 
cal profession at the Prague Conserva- 
torium; first appeared before the 
public as a solo violinist at the age of 
twelve years ; five years later he gave 
concerts at Vienna, Buda-Pesth, and St. 





Petersburg, and was engaged all over 
Europe to appear at leading concerts ; 
has made several successful appear- 
ances in London ; together with Heir 
Heinrich Dittmar he has established 
in London a " Master School " for the 
violin ; at a concert given in St. 
Petersburg under the patronage of the 
Dowager Empress, he received the 
Order of Merit, being selected from 
all the eminent artistes present for 
that honour. Agent : N. Vert, Ltd., 
6 Cork Street, W. 

VAN ROOT, Antonius Mario Josephus 

(known as Anton) , baritone ; b. Rotter- 
dam in 1870 ; he commenced his musi- 
cal education under Julius Stockhausen 
of Frankfort, but during some time of 
his early manhood he was engaged in 
commercial affairs. Frau Thode, a 
daughter of Frau Cosima Wagner, 
heard him sing at a concert, was 
struck by the beauty of his voice, and 
then and there asked him to sing to 
her mother ; the result was an immedi- 
ate engagement for the following year's 
festival at Bayreuth ; he made his 
dSbut in 1896 as Wotan and the 
Wanderer ; he was first heard at 
Covent Garden over ten years ago; 
since those days he has appeared at 
our great opera house with unfailing 
regularity year after year. Address : 
Covent Garden Theatre, W.C. 

VERBRUGGHEN, Henri, violinist, 
professor, and conductor ; 6. Brussels, 
1874 ; s. of H. Verbrugghen, merchant, 
a descendant of T. Verbrugghen, a 
Flemish painter of distinction in the 
seventeenth century ; e. at Brussels 
and Paris ; studied at the Brussels 
Conservatoire under Hubay and Ysaye 
under the latter since the age of 
twelve ; first appeared as solo violinist 
at the age of nine at the Brussels 
Cercle Artistique, 1883 ; has appeared 
as solo violinist in several Continental 
cities, including two concerts with the 
Berlin Philharmonic, and in most 
towns in Great Britain, and with the 
Queen's Hall and Hall6 orchestras ; 
was at one time principal violin and 
assistant conductor of the Queen's 
Hall Orchestra; principal violin and 
assistant conductor of the Scottish 
Orchestra, Glasgow ; conductor of the 

Glasgow Choral Union ; and is Pro- 
fessor and Chief of Stafi of the Athe- 
naeum School of Music, etc., also head 
of the Verbrugghen String Quartet, 
which plays in most of the towns in 
Great Britain. Recreations : Mountain 
climbing, fishing, riding, and driving. 
Address : 1 Albany Mansions, Charing 
Cross, Glasgow. Telegraphic Address : 
" Verbrugghen, Glasgow." 

VERLET, Alice, operatic soprano; 
first London appearance at Albert 
Hall, 1909 ; she is an excellent linguist, 
and although her reputation rests on 
her performances in Italian and French 
opera, she is also heard in English 
songs ; her operatic repertoire includes 
the leading rdles in " Thais," " Romeo 
and Juliette," " Faust," " Rigoletto," 
" Les Huguenots," " Don Giovanni," 
" Le Cid," " Armide," " Lucia di 
Lammermoor," " Manon," " La Tra- 
viata," " La Boh&ne," etc. ; and she 
has appeared in these operas at the 
Grand Opera and the Opera Comique 
in Paris ; also at Brussels, Monte 
Carlo, Bordeaux, Aix-les-Bains, Lon- 
don, and New York. Address : 98 
King Henry's Road, N.W. 

VERNE, Adela, pianist; b. South- 
ampton; her father and mother were 
both professors of music ; she is the 
youngest sister of Mathilde Verne, and 
cousin of Sir Hubert von Herkomer, 
C.V.O., R.A., D.C.L., LL.D. ; received 
the whole of her training from her elder 
sister Mathilde, and has appeared with 
unqualified success at leading concerts 
in London, in the provinces, and on 
the Continent. Address : 194 Crom- 
well Road, London. Telephone : 1061 

VERNE, Mathilde, pianist and 
teacher ; 6. Southampton, 25 May, 
1868, her father and mother being both 
professors of music ; she is elder sister 
of Adela Verne and cousin of Sir Hubert 
von Herkomer, C.V.O., R.A., D.C.L., 
LL.D. ; she first studied with Mr. 
Franklin Taylor and afterwards 
with Madame Schumann; her first 
appearance in public was at the 
age of nine, when she played 
a concertino by Hummel, with 
orchestra ; made her first important 





London, N.W. ; and L.C.M., Great 
Marlborough Street, W. Telephone: 
524 P.O., Hampstead. 

KASTNER, Alfred, harpist; b. 
Vienna, 10 Mar., 1870, his father being 
an opera singer, and his mother a 
well-known pianist; was prepared 
for the musical profession at the 
Vienna Conservatoire, studying under 
the celebrated Prof. Zamara; first 
appeared at Vienna in 1885, at his own 
recital; was engaged to play at the 
Royal Opera, Dresden, then at the 
Imperial Opera, Warsaw, where he 
married a Polish lady ; was appointed 
professor of the harp at the Royal 
Academy, Buda-Pesth ; in 1898 he 
proceeded to America, where he spent 
two seasons ; was afterwards for three 
years in Zurich, and playing as soloist 
all over Switzerland. Mr. Kastner is 
member of Sir Henry J. Wood's 
famous Queen's Hall Orchestra, and a 
professor, G.S.M. He occasionally 
gives his own recitals during the season. 
Address : 37 Dennington Park Road, 

KEITH, Charlton, pianist and 
accompanist ; 6. 1882 at Dundee, N.B. ; 
s. of James L. Keith and his wife nee 
Whitelaw. Studied for musical pro- 
fession under Ernst Denhof in Edin- 
burgh and Michael Hambourg and 
Arthur Friedheim in London. Made 
his dtbutat an Ysaye recital June, 1903, 
as accompanist. Has since appeared 
in all the chief towns in United King- 
dom, Scandinavia, Holland, France and 
Germany with Ysaye, Elman, Casals 
Gerardy, Klengel, Marie Hall, Kreisler, 
Zimbalist, Kathleen Parlow, etc., 
and as solo pianist with Sir H. J. 
Wood at Queen's Hall Promenade 
Concerts and Landon Ronald at 
Birmingham. Recreation : Billiards. 
Member Royal Society of Musicians. 
Is married to Edith Margaret, younger 
daughter of Sir Thomas Brock, K.C.B., 
R.A., D.C.L., Telephone No. : 3049 
P.O., Hampstead. Address : 30 
Winchester Road, Swiss Cottage, N.W. 

KELLIE, Lawrence, composer and 
vocalist; b. London, 3 April, 1862; 
was articled to a solicitor, but after 
the expiration of two years abandoned 
law for music, and became a popular 

song writer ; meanwhile he studied 
at the R.A.M. with Alberto Randegger ; 
made his first appearance at the Covent 
Garden Promenade Concerts, Nov., 
1886, and the following year com- 
menced a series of vocal recitals at 
the Steinway Hall these became im- 
mensely successful ; among his most 
popular compositions are " Douglas 
Gordon," " A Winter Love Song/' 
" Sleeping Tide," and " An Autumn 
Story." Address : 191 Portsdown 
Road, Maida Vale, W. 

KEMP, Stephen, teacher of the 
pianoforte ; b. Great Yarmouth, Nor- 
folk, 8 Nov., 1849 ; e. at the Grammar 
School in the same town, and for music 
at the R.A.M. (gaining a scholarship 
tenable for three years) under George 
and Walter Macfarren, Goldschmidt, 
Pauer, Goss, and Sterndale Bennett. 
Made his first appearance when a boy 
of fourteen at the Assembly Rooms, 
Great Yarmouth; later (1871) he 
toured through England and Wales as 
solo pianist with Lazarus, and in Nor- 
way with Svendsen, the eminent 
flautist, in 1878. Beginning in 1885, 
he gave a series of concerts at the 
R.A.M. by Bennett, and at the 
National Training School by Sullivan. 
Is also professor at the G.S.M., member 
of Philharmonic Society, and examiner 
to the Associated Board. Has been 
twice married, to Mss Clara Beasley 
(deceased) and in 1906 to Miss 
Gertrude E. Thorne. Mr. Kemp 
edited a series of pieces published by 
Ashdown, entitled " Modem Music." 
Address : 80 Oxford Gardens, Netting 

KENNEDY, Daisy, violinist; b. 
in Burra-Burra, near Adelaide; d. 
of Scotch and Irish parents ; at ten 
years of age won Associated Board 
gold medal at local examination, and 
three years later the Elder Scholarship 
for three years at Adelaide Conser- 
vatoire; was advised by Kubelik 
to study in Europe ; came to Vienna 
and studied for six months privately 
under Prof. Sevcik, then entered the 
Meisterschule where she has studied 
three years. Has toured in Austria 
and appeared with her master in 
England, 1911. 





piano pieces, songs, part-songs, can- 
tatas and orchestral works, including 
" Storm " overture (Bradford and 
Crystal Palace, under Manns) ; he is 
also author of several text-books upon 
musical subjects, and one of the editors 
of the Organist and Choirmaster, The 
Organ Loft, " The Hymnal Compan- 
ion," etc., etc. ; member of the I.S.M. 
Address: The Coppice, Hatch End, 
Middlesex. Telephone No. : 7373 
Gerrard. Telegraphic Address : " Crot- 
chet, London." 

VINCENT, George Frederick, organ- 
ist; b. Houghton, Durham, 27 Mar., 
1855 ; s. of Charles J. Vincent, 
brother of Dr. Chas. Vincent ; e. at 
Field House School, Sunderland ; his 
parents were both musicians, and 
themselves undertook his early musical 
training ; he continued his studies at 
the Leipzig Conservatoire (1874-76) 
under Carl Reinecke, Dr. R. Papperitz, 
Dr. Oscar Paul, E. Wenzel, and E. F. 
Richter. Mr. Vincent made his first 
bow to the public as a violinist at the 
early age of eight, playing the De 
Beriot 6th Air Vari6 at the Athenaeum, 
Sunderland, and first appeared in 
London at the Inventions Exhibition 
in 1885, where he gave a series of 
organ recitals ; his appointments as 
organist are as follows : Sunderland 
parish church, 1872-74 ; parish church 
Whitburn, Durham, 1877-82; St. 
Thomas's, Sunderland, 1882-1900 ; St. 
Michael's, Cornhill, 1900 to the present 
time ; his numerous compositions 
comprise operettas, cantatas, services, 
organ, pianoforte and violin solos ; he 
held the position of Examiner in 
Practical Music to the I.S.M. from 1889 
to 1910, and has also acted as Examiner 
to the G.S.M. and the Trinity College 
of Music. Recreations : Billiards and 
all outdoor sports. Address : The 
Park, Bromley Road, Catford, S.E. 
Telephone : 956 Sydenham. 

VINCENT, Madge, actress and vocal- 
ist ; b. Southtown, near Yarmouth, 
1884; sister of Ruth Vincent; m. 
Henry Frankiss; e. for the stage by 
G. K. Alderson ; made her first appear- 
ance on the stage at the Savoy The- 
atre, May, 1900, and afterwards toured 
the provinces with the D'Oyly Carte 
Company; in 1902, appeared for a 

time as Nancy Staunton in " The 
Toreador/' and at the Avenue played 
in " The Wicked Uncle," at the Prince 
of Wales, May, 1902; played the 
Hon. Bobbie Windsor in " Three Little 
Maids " ; at the Lyric, Apr., 1903, 
appeared as Sarah Sevenoaks in " The 
Medal and the Maid " ; at the Apollo, 
1904 ; played Sophie in " Veronique," 
and played the same part in America, 
1905-6 ; appeared in pantomime under 
Mr. Robert Arthur, at Newcastle-on- 
Tyne, 1903, and Coronet, Netting 
Hill, 1904; at the New Theatre, 
Aug., 1906, played Natis in "Amasis " ; 
toured in Amasis, 1909 ; appeared at 
Drury Lane, Christmas, 1907, as Maid 
Marian in " The Babes in the Wood " ; 
toured with Seymour Hicks, 1908, in 
" The Gay Gordons " ; during 1909 
toured as Denise in " Veronique " ; at 
Christmas, 1909, appeared in panto- 
mime at Brighton ; during 1910 toured 
as Freda in " The Merry Peasant " ; in 
1911, went on tour in the Far East, 
under the management of Maurice 
Bandmann, where she was highly suc- 
cessful as Nadina in " The Chocolate 
Soldier " ; at the present time (Jan., 
1913) is playing in pantomime at the 
Royal Theatre, Manchester. Address : 
1 Dunstan Road, Golder's Green, N.W. 
3154 Hampstead. 

VINCENT, Ruth, vocalist and actress ; 
b. Yarmouth ; m. John Fraser, formerly 
in the Royal Horse Guards (The Blues); 
made her first appearance on the stage 
at Savoy Theatre, 7 Mar., 1896, as 
Gretchen in " The Grand Duke," also 
understudied Madame Ilka Palmay in 
the leading rdle ; in Feb., 1897, played 
Dorothea in " His Majesty," and sub- 
sequently played Felice in the same 
opera; in May, 1897, appeared as 
Kate, and, subsequently, as Elsie May- 
nard in revival of " The Yeomen of the 
Guard " ; Dec., 1897, played Iza in 
" The Grand Duchess," and, owing to 
the illness of Miss Florence St. John 
on the second night of the production, 
played the title-rdfe; in Mar., 1898, 
appeared as Casilda in " The Gondo- 
liers " ; June, 1898, as Laine in " The 
Beauty Stone " ; subsequently ap- 
peared in " The Sorcerer " and " H.M.S. 
Pinafore " ; retired in 1899 ; re- 
appeared on the stage at the Lyric, 





Apr., 1903, in "The Medal and the 
Maid " ; subsequently engaged by 
George Edwardes for the Htle-rdle of 
" Veronique," at Apollo, May, 1904 ; 
appeared in the same part in America, 
1905-6 ; afterwards appeared in " The 
Girl on ths Stage," Prince of Wales's ; 
created title-rd/g of " Amasis " at the 
New, 1906, and Sophia in "Tom 
Jones," at the Apollo, 1907 ; at the 
Queen's, Oct., 1908, played Babette 
in " The Belle of Brittany," and Apr., 

1909, Princess Yolene in " The Persian 
Princess " ; Sept., 1909, toured in 
" Veronique," and subsequently ap- 
peared at the leading music halls ; 
made her first appearance in Grand 
Opera at Co vent Garden, 22 Feb., 

1910, when she created the rdle of 
Vrenchen in " The Village Romeo and 
Juliet " ; also sang the rdles of Gretel 
in " Hansel and Gretel," and Micaela 
in "Carmen," Mar., 1910; appeared 
with the Beecham Opera Company, 
at His Majesty's, May- July, 1910, and 
appeared as Antonia in " The Tales of 
Hoffmann," Muguette in the opera of 
that name, and Isidora in " Cosi fan 
Tutte " ; appeared at Covent Garden, 
Oct.-Dec., 1910, with the same com- 
pany, when she appeared as Zerlina in 
" Don Giovanni," .in addition to other 
previously mentioned parts ; in Apr., 

1911, proceeded on a Concert tour in 
the provinces ; appeared at the Coli- 
seum, Dec., 1911, as Gretel in " Hansel 
and Gretel " ; made her debut in 
oratorio in " The Messiah " at the 
Albert Hall, in April, 1912 ; sang as 
principal soprano at the Hereford Fes- 
tival in Sept., 1912 ; has appeared on 
all the principal concert platforms 
in London and the provinces ; is 
an Associate of the Philharmonic 
Society. Address: 68 Finchley Road, 

VIOTTA, Dr. Henri, composer and 
conductor ; b. Amsterdam ; studied 
as a youth at the Cologne Conserva- 
toire of Music, and, after returning to 
his native city, became a law student, 
and was for some time engaged in the 
practice of the law; he suddenly, how- 
ever, abandoned a lucrative practice in 
favour of music ; was appointed con- 
ductor of the Amsterdam Wagner 
Society and editor of the Maanblad 

jw Muzick, and also contributed to 
various musical papers ; as a com- 
poser is well known by his orchestral 
and choral works, which are frequently 
performed in Germany, Belgium, and 
Holland ; in 1906 he visited England 
in order to conduct the German Opera 
Season at Covent Garden. Address : 
c/o Covent Garden Theatre, W.C. 

VISETTI, Albert, professor of sing- 
ing, composer, and conductor ; &. 
Dalmatia, 1846, his father being an 
Italian landowner in that country and 
his mother English; after devoting 
some time to a course of training on 
the Continent, he came to England, 
and at once took out letters of natural- 
isation ; he showed his talent at an 
early age, and as a youth he gained 
scholarships from the Governments of 
both Austria and Italy, and studied at 
the Milan Conservatoire under Mazzu- 
cato, the teacher of Sims Reeves, and 
Nava, teacher of Charles Santley; 
was granted the Diploma of the Royal 
Conservatoire of Milan ; first appeared 
in public as a conductor at Milan 
at the age of eighteen, and after- 
wards received an appointment as 
conductor at Nice ; thence he pro- 
ceeded to Paris, where he attracted the 
attention of Napoleon III, and was 
attached to his court for some time ; 
during this period, Dumas p$re wrote 
a libretto for him, founded on his 
famous " Les Trois Mousquetaires " ; 
later, in 1871, Mr. Visetti came to 
England, where one of his earliest 
friends was Madame Adelina Patti, 
and he was for a very long time her 
musical adviser ; among the important 
public appointments he has held may 
be mentioned the post of Director and 
Conductor of the Bath Philharmonic 
Society, for which Mr. Visetti wrote a 
cantata, " The Desert and the Praise 
of Song " ; he is a litterateur, and has 
written the life of Verdi ; he has also 
completed a translation of Hullah's 
" History of Modern Music " into 
Italian, the first English work in music 
to be translated into this language, 
and for the credit with which he 
accomplished this work he received a 
kmghthood from the King of Italy. 
Mr. Visetti is well known as a lecturer, 
and his lectures, " The Tendencies of 





the Operatic Stage in the Nineteenth 
Century/' given at the Musical Asso- 
ciation, and another before the Bath 
Philharmonic Society, attracted great 
attention ; his compositions include 
a " Cantico des Cantici " (libretto by 
Boito) for diploma at Milan ; an opera 
in three acts, " Giselda," given at the 
Teatro Carcano, Milan ; an opera, 
" Les Trois Mousquetaires " (the only 
musical setting of the romance, the 
libretto of which was specially written 
by Dumas pere) ; " La Diva," waltz 
song, written for Madame Patti, 
and many other songs, choral works, 
and music of a miscellaneous character ; 
Mr. Visetti is also Editor of the Handel 
and Brahms' editions published by 
Messrs. Augener. Among his most 
successful pupils are Madame Kirkby- 
Lunn and Miss Agnes Nicholls, in 
grand opera and oratorio, and Miss 
Denise Orme and Miss Clara Evelyn in 
light opera ; is a member of the Board 
of Examiners of the R.C.M. and Asso- 
ciated Board, and a Professor at 
G.S.M. and R.C.M. He belongs to 
various art and musical clubs. Ad- 
dress : 12 Phillimore Terrace, Kensing- 
ton, W. 

VON DULONG, Franz Henry, vocal- 
ist ; b. Hamm, in Westphalia, 26 Feb., 
1861 ; great nephew of Ludwig 
Dulong, a famous flautist; learned 
singing from Robert Emmerich at 
Stuttgart, Vannuccini at Florence, 
and Blume, London ; made his debut 
in this country in 1895, at the Popular 
Concerts, subsequently singing at the 
London Symphony Concerts ; was 
commanded to sing before Queen 
Victoria at Windsor Castle ; returned 
to London in 1898, and reappeared 
at the Popular Concerts ; he is a large 
landed proprietor in Westphalia, and 
spends most of his time on his 

VON DULONG, Magda, vocalist; 
b. Halle, 29 Feb., 1872; d. of Dr. 
Zahn, theological professor, wife of 
Franz Dulong; her teachers were 
Hromada at Stuttgart, Mdme. Joachim 
at Berlin, and subsequently Frl. 
Eleka Gerster ; made her first appear- 
ance at Berlin, performing under 
the name of Lessen ; in 1S98 she 

appeared with her husband in England 
and shared the success which he 

VON ETLINGER, Florence, con- 
tralto vocalist and teacher of singing ; 
b. London, 1 Sept., 1875; d. of 
Edmund Karl Etlinger ; e. at Oxford 
(mathematics and modern languages) ; 
studied with Dr. Varley Roberts of 
Magdalen College, Oxford (theoretical 
music), and afterwards studied singing 
with Jacques Bouhy (in Paris) and 
Marie Brema. Made her debut with 
recital work in London and contralto 
rdles in Wagner Festival in Edinburgh ; 
was professor of singing at Francis 
Holland Schools from 1898 to 1904 ; 
founded a School of Opera in 1910, and 
the same year produced " Cavalleria 
Rusticana at the Savoy Theatre, 
" The Cicada " also at the Savoy, and 
" The Deyin du Village " at the Court 
Theatre in 1912, besides numerous 
smaller productions at the School. 
Gained first prize Superior Division 
of the International Musical Competi- 
tion, Paris, 1912. Favourite rdles : 
Brunnhilde and Erda. Recreation : 
Tennis. Address : 60 Paddington 
Street, Marylebone, W. Telephone : 
5192 Mayfair. 

VON HOIST, Gustav Theodore, com- 
poser and teacher ; b. 21 Sept., 1874, 
at Cheltenham; s. of Adolph von 
Hoist ; e. at Cheltenham Grammar 
School ; m. Miss Emily Isobel Harri- 
son ; was prepared for the musical 
profession at the R.C.M., where he 
studied under Sir Charles Villiers 
Stanford ; he first appeared in London 
at St. James's Hall on May 20, 1904, 
when he conducted his own " Suite 
de Ballet " ; his principal composi- 
tions are as follows, and have all been 
produced at the Queen's Hall : " The 
Mystic Trumpeter" (29 June, 1905), 
"King Estmere" (4 Apr., 1908); 
"A Somerset Rhapsody 1 ' (6 Apr., 
1910), "Choral Hymns" from the 
"Rig Veda" (22 Mar., 1911), " Beni 
Mora" (Suite for orchestra, 1 May, 
1912), " Phantastes " (Suite for orches- 
tra, 23 July, 1912). Recreation : Walk- 
ing. Club : Society of Authors. 
Address: 10 The Terrace, Barnes, 






WADELY, Frederick William, 
organist; e. privately and at 
the R.C.M. ; graduated F.R.C.O. 1901, 
and Mus.Bac. (Camb.), 1903; M.A. 
(Camb.), 1906 : principal appoint- 
ments as organist ; Selwyn College 
(Cambridge, 1900), St. Andrew's (Ux- 
bridge, 1903), Malvern Priory (1904), 
Carlisle Cathedral (1910), Conductor of 
Carlisle Symphony Concerts. Address : 
4 Victoria Place, Carlisle. 

WAGNEE, Siegfried, conductor ; b. 
Lucerne, 6 June, 1869 ; 5. of Richard 
and Cosina Wagner, and g.s. of Franz 
Liszt ; e. Bayreuth ; visited England 
as a conductor in 1912 ; has composed 
numerous operas, a symphony, and a 
number of other works. Address : 
Wahnfried, Bayreuth. 

WALDTEUFEL, Endle, composer; 
b. Strasbourg, 9 Dec., 1837 ; 5. of a 
professional musician ; began his 
studies under his parents' direction, 
then trained by Joseph Heyberger and 
at Paris Conservatoire under Laurent, 
where he had Massenet as a fellow- 
pupil ; about 1860 he turned his atten- 
tion definitely to dance-music, encou- 
raged by the approval shown by the 
late King Edward VII (then Prince of 
Wales), who heard a waltz of his com- 
position played at an evening reception 
at the Prince of Sagan's ; in 1865 he 
was made pianist to the Empress 
Eug6nie, and director of the Court 
Balls and of the famous soir6es at 
Compigne and elsewhere ; there he 
met Bismarck and many other celebri- 
ties ; in 1870 he fought in the Franco- 
German War as a volunteer beside his 
brother-musician Masson ; after the 
war he left his native Alsace and went 
to reside in Paris ; came to London in 
1885, and in 1889 visited Berlin, where 
with Strauss and Farbach he directed 
a week's performance of his waltzes ; 
among his best known waltzes are 
" Amour et Printemps," " Dolores," 
" Myosotis," etc., etc. ; he is a pro- 
fessor at the Paris Conservatoire, and 
has long been known as a popular 
chef d'orchestre in Paris. Address : 
37 rue St. Georges, Paris. 

WALENN, Arthur, baritone and 
teacher of singing ; b. London ; s. of 
William Walenn, F.R.S., the well- 
known scientist, and his wife Charlotte 
Barth; e. City of London School; 
received his musical education at the 
R.A.M., afterwards studying singing 
under Charles Santley and George 
Henschel; first appeared at the 
Queen's Hall, 28 Nov., 1905 ; since 
then has had numerous important 
engagements, including the Saturday 
Popular Concerts, London Symphony 
Orchestra Concerts, Nottingham Choral 
Society, Liverpool Philharmonic, Brad- 
ford Choral, Blackpool, Scarborough, 
Harrogate, Llandudno, Buxton, Exeter 
and Brighton Choral Societies, and 
other concerts ; has toured with the 
Life Guards, Coldstreams and Grena- 
diers' Bands all over England, Ire- 
land, and Scotland. Mr. Walenn has a 
large teaching connection. Address : 
" Louarn," Chatsworth Road, Crickle- 
wood, N.W. Studio : 21 Baker Street, 

WALENN, Herbert, violoncellist ; b. 
London, This father, Mr. William 
Walenn, F.R.S., scientist; e. at the 
R.A.M. and the R.C.M., and privately 
by Hugo Becker in Frankfort, Ger- 
many ; first appeared at the Monday 
Popular Concerts about 1902 as 
solo 'cellist with Lady Hall6 ; has 
played at all the principal London 
concerts, and was for four years 'cellist 
of the Kruse Quartet; is F.R.A.M. 
and professor at the R.A.M., L.A.M., 
and the G.S.M. Address: 10 Not- 
tingham Place, W. Agent : N. Vert, 
Ltd., Cork Street. 

WALKER, Madame Edyth, operatic 
soprano ; b. New York ; commenced 
her studies in her native town and 
completed her musical education in 
Dresden ; made her debut at the Royal 
Opera House in Vienna, afterwards 
appearing at the Metropolitan Opera 
House, New York ; was engaged to 
play the parts of Kundry and Ortrud 
at Bayreuth; has a large operatic 
repertoire, and has created many r6les, 
notably that of Electra, in which part 





she again appeared when Strauss' opera 
was produced at Covent Garden. 
A ddress : Covent Garden Theatre, 

WALKER, Ernest, composer, pia- 
nist, and author ; e. privately ; gra- 
duated Mus.Bac. (Oxon), 1893, Mus. 
Doc. (Oxon), 1898, B.A. (Oxon), 1891, 
M.A. (Oxon), 1894. Principal appoint- 
ments : Director of Music, Balliol 
College, Oxford ; Examiner to the 
Society of Arts, etc. ; is the composer 
of a number of orchestral and choral 
works, including " Hymn to Diony- 
sus," "Ode to a Nightingale," etc., 
also other vocal and instrumental 
music; his literary publications in- 
clude a " History of Music in England," 
a monograph on " Beethoven," and 
numerous articles. Address : 28 St. 
Margaret's Road, Oxford. 

WALKER, Frederick Edward, teacher 
of singing ; 6. 17 Jan., 1835, at Maryle- 
bone ; 5. of Frederick Francis Walker, 
line .engraver ; e. at Her Majesty 
Queen Victoria's Chapels Royal, which 
he entered as chorister in 1844, and 
remained for six years, singing at 
many Royal functions, one of which 
was at the baptism of H.R.H. the 
Duke of Connaught, when he sang a 
solo composed by the Prince Consort 
and received the personal thanks of 
the Prince and Her Majesty ; also sang 
with Jenny Lind at her first and her 
last appearance in oratorio in London ; 
at one of these concerts he had the 
good fortune to sing under Mendels- 
sohn's conductorship of the " Elijah," 
at Exeter Hall. From London he went 
to the Isle of Cumbrae, N.B., where 
he was student and choirmaster of 
the College of "The Holy Spirit." 
Later he became articled pupil to 
Mr. G. Hills, organist of St. Barnabas, 
Pimlico, and studied singing with 
John Wass and the late Alberto 
Randegger. Was appointed Vicar 
Choral of St. Paul's Cathedral in 1874, 
and has held the post ever since ; 
previous to this he was master of the 
boys for eight years, and was succeeded 
by Sir George Martin. In 1874 he 
became Professor of Singing at the 
R.AJM and the G.S.M., but has now 
retired. Address : 37 St. Gabriel's 
Road, CricMewood, N.W. 

WALLACE, William, b. Greenock, 
Scotland; e. s. of the late James 
Wallace, M.D., J.P., and of Mary 
Cecilia (youngest daughter of the late 
George Williamson, Esq., procurator- 
fiscal) ; e. at Fettes College, Edinburgh ; 
gained Exhibition to Edinburgh Univ., 
which he resigned, and entered Glasgow 
Univ., where he graduated M.D. " with 
distinction " ; studied ophthalmology 
at Vienna, and was for some time 
Clinical Assistant at the Royal London 
Ophthalmic Hospital, but did not enter 
private practice; was at the R.A.M. 
for about a year, at the end of which 
his scena, " Lord of Darkness," was 
performed at a Students' Concert; 
subsequently had five first perform- 
ances at the Crystal Palace with Manns, 
including " The Passing of Beatrice " 
(Schott), " In Praise of Scottish Poesie," 
and " Sister Helen " ; conducted at 
Queen's Hall his " Rhapsody of Mary 
Magdalene," and later, at New Brigh- 
ton, a special concert of his own com- 
positions, including the " Creation " 
symphony and " Freebooter Songs " 
(Cramer) ; was commissioned by the 
Philharmonic Society to write a work 
" Greeting to the New Century " ; pro- 
ductions at Queen's Hall Promenade 
Concerts include first performance of 
" Pelleas and M61isande " Suite and 
Symphonic Poem No. 5 " Wallace, 
A.D. 1305-1905 " ; conducted first per- 
formance of "Villon" (Schott) at a 
New Symphony Orchestra Concert, 
and at the Leeds Festival of 1910, 
also at Liverpool (Philharmonic), 
Manchester (Halle Concerts), Brad- 
ford, Bournemouth, etc. ; this work 
was given also by the Philharmonic 
Society, and has frequently been per- 
formed in America by the New York 
and Boston Symphony Orchestras ; 
musical publications with Cramer, 
Boosey, Schott, Stainer < Bell, 
Bosworth, Bailey & Ferguson, etc. ; 
literary works ; " The Divine Sur- 
render a Mystery Play " (Stock), 
" The Threshold of Music " (Mac- 
millan) ; contributor to reviews and 
magazines on musical and dramatic 
subjects, including four articles on 
Wagner's "Ring" (Idler) and " Sir 
Henry Irving's Claims " (National 
Review) ; for some time editor of the New 
Quarterly Musical Review; translator 





of texts for music, viz., " Faust " 
(Berlioz), " Feuersnot " (Strauss), " Le 
Chemineau " (Richepin and Leroux), 
" Muguette " (Missa), and shorter 
choral works, and songs by Sibelius, 
Weingartner, etc. ; gave evidence on 
behalf of composers before the Depart- 
mental Committee on Copyright ap- 
pointed by the Board of Trade, and 
is member of the Composers' Sub-Com- 
mittee of the Society of Authors ; 
Hon. Secretary of the Society of 
British Composers and (since 1911) of 
the Royal Philharmonic Society ; m. 
Ottilie (third daughter of the late Hon. 
Lord McLaren). Mrs. Wallace is well 
known as a sculptor. Address: 11 
Ladbroke Road, W. Telephone : 60 

WALLET, Lome, bass-baritone and 
teacher of singing ; b. Dumfries, 1 July, 
1873 ; 5. of Duncan Wallet ; e. at 
University College, London ; prior to 
entering the musical profession Mr. 
Wallet was engaged in commerce; 
served in South African War, 1900; 
he studied at G.S.M. with Dr. W. H. 
Cummings and Fred Walker, and 
afterwards privately with Moretti, 
Victor Beigel, and Raoul de la Croix ; 
made his debut at the ^Eolian Hall in 
June, 1906, at his own recital, and has 
since appeared at most of the principal 
London and provincial concerts, be- 
sides giving a number of recitals at 
the JEolian and Bechstein Halls; he 
is well known as a singer of Scottish 
folk-song; he created the part of 
"Father Time" in H. G. Pelissier's 
" All Change Here/' at the Alhambra 
in 1910 ; his favourite rdle is Elijah ; 
is a member of the I.S.M. Recreations : 
Golf, sailing, and all outdoor sports. 
Address : 25 York Place, W. Club : 
Savage. Telephone : 3719 Mayfair. 

WALLIS, Bertram, actor and vocal- 
ist ; 6. London, 22 Feb., 1874 ; s. of 
Sarah Mary (Williams) and Frederick 
Augustus Wallis ; e. London ; was 
partly prepared for the stage by the 
late John Millard and Charles Fry; 
studied music at the R.A.M., where he 
gained the EvUl Prize, Westmoreland 
Scholarship, and Parepa-Rosa Gold 
Medal ; made his first appearance on 
the stage at the Pavilion, Folkestone, 

with Ben Greet's Company in " Masks 
and Faces," Aug., 1892 ; first appeared 
in London, at the St. James's Theatre, 
1896, as Amiens in George Alexander's 
revival of "As You Like It," subse- 
quently appearing in " Much Ado 
About Nothing " at the same theatre ; 
next toured with Mr. George Edwardes' 
company in leading rdles in " A Greek 
Slave " and " San Toy " ; appeared 
at the Apollo Theatre, 1902, in " Three 
Little Maids " ; at the Savoy, 1904, 
appeared in " The Love Birds " ; made 
his first appearance in New York, July, 
1904, as Captain Charles Brandon in 
" A Madcap Princess," under the 
management of C. B. Dillingham; 
remained in the United States four 
seasons under the management of 
Charles Frohman, appearing, during 
1906-8, in " The Little Cherub " and 
"Miss Hook of Holland " ; on his 
return to England, appeared at Prince 
of Wales's Theatre in Sept., 1908, in 
the title-rdfe of " King of Cadonia," 
with great success ; appeared at the 
same theatre, Sept., 1909, as Conrad 
Petersen in " Dear Little Denmark " ; 
Feb., 1910, played the Grand Duke 
Sergius in " The Balkan Princess " ; 
in Aug., 1910, toured in " King of 
Cadonia " ; at the Globe, Dec., 1910, 
played Captain Jack Bathurst in 
"Beau Brocade"; at Daly's, May, 
1911, appeared as Count Rene in " The 
Count of Luxembourg." Recreations : 
Black-and-white work, water-colour 
painting, reading, writing, walking, 
and tennis. Address : Daly's Theatre, 
Cranbourn Street, W.C. Club : Green 

WALTER, Bruno, opera director; 
b. Berlin, 1877 ; e. the Stern Con- 
servatorium, and at nine years of age 
played as a " wunderkind " at the 
Singakademie ; at eighteen became 
choirmaster and second conductor at 
the Hamburg Opera, where he attracted 
the notice of Gustav Mahler ; upon the 
latter's recommendation he became 
conductor at the Riga Opera, where 
he met and married Elsa Kornack, an 
operatic artiste ; in 1901 he was sum- 
moned by Mahler to Vienna to con- 
duct the opera, and he has lately 
(1912) been engaged to direct the 
Wagner-Mozart festival in Munich. 





WALTHEW, Richard Henry, com- 
poser, pianist, and teacher ; b. London, 
1872 ; 5. of Richard Frederick Walthew, 
merchant ; e. at Islington Proprietary 
School; studied music at the G.S.M. 
for two years, and then, upon gaining 
a scholarship, at the R.C.M. for four 
years. The first public performance of 
his works was of " The Pied Piper/' by 
the Highbury Philharmonic, in 1892 ; 
since then he has composed several 
works, including a setting of Keats' 
" Ode to the Nightingale/' chamber 
music and songs ; was musical director 
of the Passmore Edwards Settlement 
from 1899 to 1903 ; conductor of 
University of London Musical Society 
since 1903, and conductor of the opera 
class of the G.S.M. for some years ; is 
a member of the Society of British 
Composers. Address : 44 Hamilton 
Road, Highbury, N. Telephone : 3104 

WAREHAM, Edwin James, tenor ; 
6. Wimborae, Dorset ; commenced his 
musical career as a chorister ; at the 
age of twelve was appointed organist 
of a local church, and six years later 
filled a similar position at Woodbridge 
parish church ; in 1884 moved to 
Glasgow, where he was appointed 
organist of Claremont Church ; he 
also acted occasionally as organist 
at the Cathedral and at the opening 
of the Glasgow Exhibition, 1888, and as 
accompanist and deputy-Conductor 
of the Glasgow Choral Union ; in 1890 
lie was appointed organist of St. 
George's, Albemarle Street; he next 
entered the G.S.M. and the R.A.M., 
studying singing under T. A. Wall- 
worth and Dr. W. H. Cummings ; he 
became a well-known concert singer, 
and made his debut in opera at the 
Olympic Theatre in 1892, in the title- 
Ydle of " Eugene Onegin " ; created 
the leading tenor rtte in Goring 
Thomas's " Golden Web," produced at 
Liverpool in 1893, and subsequently 
appeared in grand opera at Covent 
Garden ; after this he resumed con- 
cert work, and made a tour of South 
Africa; is a successful teacher. Ad- 
dress : Bechstein Studios, Wigmore 
Street, W. 

WARIICH, Reinhold von. u a - 
baritone ; b. St. Petersburg, 24 May, 

1879 ; 5. of the Director of the private 
orchestra of the Tsar of Russia ; at an 
early age he studied the violin, the 
piano, and composition at the Ham- 
burg Conservatoire ; when about 
eighteen years of age he went to 
Florence and studied singing with 
Giorgio Sulli and Isidore Braggiotti, 
completing his vocal education under 
Rudolf Thiele at the Cologne Con- 
servatoire ; he appeared in oratorio 
when in Italy, and in opera, later, in 
Germany ; made his debut in London 
in 1905, and has a great reputation as 
a lieder-singer. Agents : Concert 
direction Michell & : Ashbrooke, 7 A Pic- 
cadilly Mansions, Piccadilly Circus, W. 

WARNERY, Edmond, tenor, is the 
son of Swiss parents, but received his 
musical education at the Paris Con- 
servatoire, where he won the opera 
prize; for some years he has made 
a special study of modern works 
to add to his repertoire, largely under 
the supervision of the various com- 
posers, notably of Monsieur Debussy ; 
he created the rdle of Pelleas in the 
production of this composer's opera at 
Covent Garden in 1909 ; he also 
appeared in opera at Monte Carlo, and 
sang the tenor part in Alex. George's 
" Chants de Guerre " in the series of 
Classical Concerts at the Casino there. 
Address : do Covent Garden Theatre, 

WARREN, Frederick, tenor; b. 
Chicago ; studied the theory of music 
under Mr. Frederick Gleeson, and 
singing under Professor Baird, of the 
Conservatoire of Music, Chicago, Mr. 
William Shakespeare, of London, and 
Monsieur Sbriglla, of Paris ; in 1902 
he was appointed Professor of Singing 
of the Chicago Auditorium Conserva- 
toire of Music ; toured America with 
Miss Jessie Davis in 1902 ; made his 
London debut in 1904 at a recital ; in 
1905-6 made appearances in opera and 
on the concert platform in England, 
Ireland, and France; has since con- 
tinued his studies under Monsieur Jean 
de Reszke. Address : 12 Nottingham 
Place, London, W. ; and 41 Rue 
Galilee, Paris. 

WARRINER, John, composer, organ- 
ist, teacher, and lecturer ; 6. Bourton, 





Shropshire, 12 May, 1860 ; e. privately 
and at Trinity College, Dublin; re- 
ceived his musical education from pro- 
fessors of Leipzig, Brussels, Milan, and 
the R.A.M., but was never in any 
musical academy ; was organist of 
Dunster Parish Church, 1880, and from 
1884 to 1887 of St. Andrew's and the 
parish church, Minehead, concur- 
rently ; graduated Mus.Bac., Dublin, 
1887, and Mus.Doc., 1892 ; appointed 
organist of St. Matthew's, Denmark 
Hill, 1887 ; was conductor of the 
Walthamstow Musical Society, 1893 ; 
is a professor of pianoforte and sight- 
reading and lecturer at Trinity College 
of Music, London ; recognised Teacher 
of Pedagogy applied to Music and 
Harmony, etc., Member of the Faculty 
of Music and Board of Studies, Uni- 
versity of London ; Divisional Secre- 
tary, Union of Graduates in Music ; 
editor of " The National Portrait 
Gallery of British Musicians " (Samp- 
son Low, 1896) ; author of " Primer on 
Transposition " (Novello), " The Art 
of Teaching Music " (Hammond), etc, ; 
was editor for two years of The Minim. 
Address : deCrespigny House, Denmark 
Hill,S.E. Clubs : Authors' and Primrose. 

WAUD, James Haydn, contra bass- 
ist ; b. London ; e. at St. Mary's 
School, Wolverhampton ; studied the 
piano from the age of seven under his 
lather, James Haydn Waud, and later 
studied the violoncello under Vieux- 
temps ; began his musical career at the 
age of fifteen, and at twenty trans- 
ferred his attention to the double bass ; 
has been a professor at the G.S.M. 
from its foundation ; gave a double 
bass recital there in June, 1890 ; is 
a member of the Philharmonic Society, 
and was principal double bass for 
many years of the Glasgow Choral 
Union, the Crystal Palace Orchestra, 
and the Queen's Hall Orchestra; he 
is the composer of numerous double 
bass solos, and of three orchestral 
overtures, one of which was heard at 
the Queen's Hall Promenade Concerts. 
Recreation : Fishing. Address : 8 
Alwyn Avenue, Sutton Court Road, 
Chiswick, W. 

WEATHERLY, Frederic Edward, 

song writer ; b. Portishead, Somerset- 
shire, 4 Oct., 1848; e. Brasenose 

College, Oxford. Has written the 
lyrics of a large number of popular 
songs, including " Nancy Lee " ; " The 
Midshipmite " ; "They All Love 
Jack"; " The Old Brigade "; "The 
Deathless Army " ; " The Chimney 
Corner " ; " To-morrow will be Fri- 
day " ; " Douglas Gordon " ; " The 
Star of Bethlehem " ; " The Holy 
City " ; " Beauty's Eyes " ; " In 
Sweet September " ; " The Last 
Watch"; " Go to Sea " ; "Veteran's 
Song"; "Nirvana"; "AilsaMine"; 
" Coolan Dhu " ; " Three for Jack " ; 
"Nini, Ninette, Ninon"; "I Beg 
your Pardon " ; " Stonecracker John " ; 
" Serjeant of the Line " ; " Drum 
Major " ; " Reuben Ranzo " ; " Ad- 
miral's Yarn " ; " Little Damozel " ; 
" Mifanwy " ; " Beyond the Dawn " ; 
" Mountain Lovers " ; and " When 
Shadows Gather." He has also pub- 
lished a number of books on Logic, 
etc., and a volume of verse. Ad- 
dresses : 37 Woburn Square, W.C. ; 
and Albion Chambers, Bristol. 

WEHLEN, Emmy, actress and vocal- 
ist ; b. Vienna ; has appeared success- 
fully in Vienna, Stuttgart, Munich, and 
Berlin ; made her first appearance on 
the London stage, at Daly's Theatre, 
1909, where she succeeded to the part 
of Sonia in " The Merry Widow " ; 
at the same theatre, Sept., 1909, she 
appeared as Olga in " The Dollar 
Princess " ; in 1910, she went to the 
United States, and at the Casino, New 
York, Jan., 1911, appeared as Rosalie 
in " Marriage a la Carte." Address : 
c/o New York Dramatic News, 17 West 
42nd Street, New York City, U.S.A. 
(From " Who's Who in the Theatre.") 

WETTON, Henry Davan, organist, 
conductor, and teacher; Mus.Doc. 
(Dunelm) and F.R.C.O. ; e. at Isling- 
ton Proprietary School and privately ; 
studied with Sir Frederick Bridge ; is 
a professor at the R.C.M. and the 
G.S.M. ; assistant-organist Westmin- 
ster Abbey, 1881-96 ; sub-organist 
Wells Cathedral, 1890 ; head of music 
department, Battersea Polytechnic, 
1909 ; organist and Director of Music, 
Foundling Hospital, since 1892 ; Mem- 
ber of Board of Studies in Music, 
University of kondon ; Examiner at 




R.C.O. and G.S.M. Recreations : 
Fishing and cycling. Address : 36 
Mount Park Crescent, Ealing, W. 

WHISHAW, Fred, novelist and com- 
poser ; s. of Bernard Whishaw ; e. at 
Leamington College and Uppinghaxn ; 
first appeared in London as a vocalist 
in 1886 ; he is also the composer of 
several songs, but is, perhaps, better 
known to the musical world for his 
excellent adaptations in English of 
Russian and other songs, notably in 
the Royal Edition of Tschaikovsky 
Songs and other Albums published by 
Messrs. Boosey & Co. Mr. Whishaw, 
who is as catholic in his tastes as he is 
versatile in accomplishments, has fre- 
quently appeared in light opera, his 
favourite rdle being Gaspard in " Les 
Cloches de Corneville " ; he is an 
enthusiastic golfer. Address : Ard- 
field, Paignton, Devon. 

WHITE, Maude Valerie, composer ; 
b. Normandy ; e. in. Heidelberg and 
Paris ; studied for four years, at the 
R.A.M., under Sir George Macfarren 
and Mr. Frank Davenport, and was 
the first woman to win the Mendelssohn 
Scholarship for composition ; studied 
also in Vienna with Robert Fuchs for 
six months. Principal songs : " Lead 
Kindly Light," " Absent yet Present," 
" The Devout Lover," " How do I 
Love Thee/' "Three Little Songs," 
" The Spring has Come," Four Albums 
of German Songs, " Es muss doch 
Fruhling Werden," " Isdotta Blanzes- 
mano," " So we'll go no more A- 
roving," " The Throstle," Four Songs 
from " In Memoriam," " The Bonny 
Curl," " It is na Jean," " A Song of 
the Sahara," " Among the Roses," 
" PriSre," " John Anderson, My Jo," 
etc. ; she has also composed a ballet 
called " The Captured Butterfly," and 
an unpublished opera, " Smaranda " ; 
has travelled a great deal in almost 
every country in Europe, also in South 
America (where she rode across the 
Andes), in Algeria, Asia Minor, the 
Caucasus, etc. ; has for some time 
past lived chiefly in England and 
Sicily, where she happened to be at 
the time of the great Messina earth- 
quake. Address : Vitta Nute, Bellos- 
guardo, Florence, Italy. 


WfflTEHILL, Clarence, baritone; 
b. Marengo, Iowa, U.S.A. Professors 
Phelps and Sbriglia, of Chicago and 
Paris, have been chiefly responsible for 
his musical training ; made his debut 
in Brussels, and an engagement at the 
Op6ra Comique, in Paris, quickly fol- 
lowed ; has appeared at New York, 
Elberfeld, Cologne, Bayreuth, and 
Munich Festivals ; while at Covent 
Garden, during the past few seasons, 
he has played many leading rdles, such 
as Wotan and The Wanderer ; and has 
sung at many of the leading festivals, 
including Birmingham, Bristol, etc. 
A ddress : c/o Covent Garden Theatre, 

WHITEHOUSE, William Edward, 

solo-violoncellist, F.R.A.M. ; studied 
violin under Adolphus Griesbach as a 
boy ; began violoncello with Walter 
Pettitt, and later continued his 
studies under Signori Piatti and 
Pezze at the R.A.M. Is now Professor 
at the R.A.M., the R.C.M., and 
King's College, London ; Member of 
the Court of Assistants, Royal Society 
of Musicians. He has a fine record 
as an ensemble and solo player, and 
professor. Among his pupils are Paul 
Ludwig, B. Patterson Parker, Herbert 
Withers, E. Mason, Purcell Jones, 
Beatrice Harrison, Ivor James, Bea- 
trice Evelyn, Felix Salmond, and many 
other well-known violoncellists. Mr. 
Whitehouse toured in the chief towns 
of England with Dr. Joachim; also 
in Italy and France with the justly 
celebrated " London Trio," where they 
achieved splendid successes. His solo- 
violoncello is a magnificent specimen 
of Francesca Rugierius. Address : 
89 Hamilton Terrace, N.W. Tele- 
phone : 4632 Paddington. 

WICKHAJtt, Florence,; b. Beaver, 
Pennsylvania ; d. of a judge of the 
Superior Court; at sixteen years of 
age she began her studies under a 
Philadelphian singing mistress; sub- 
sequently she worked for two years 
under the famous Wagnerian singer, 
Frau Matilde Mallinger ; the Royal 
Opera at Wiesbaden saw her d&but in 
Meyerbeer's " Prophet " ; perform- 
ances of Amneris in " Aida " followed, 
and brought her into prominence ; 





her Kundry in an English production 
of " Parsifal/ 1 in America, is con- 
sidered one of her most notable achieve- 
ments ; has sung on several occasions 
at Covent Garden. Address : c/o 
Covent Garden Theatre, W.C. 

WTDOR, Charles-Marie, composer 
and organist ; b. 1847, his father being 
of Hungarian descent; began his 
education, both literary and musical, 
at Lyon, then went to Brussels to 
study ; appointed organist, St. Sulpice 
in 1871 ; has been a professor of com- 
position at Paris Conservatoire since 
1896. Address : 7 Rue des St. PSres, 

WIGLEI, Marjorie, pianist; b. 
Simla, India; she showed great 
musical ability at an early age, and 
commenced to study the piano at the 
age of five ; she later won a scholar- 
ship at the R.A.M., where she studied 
under Tobias Matthay (piano) and 
Frederic King (singing), winning the 
Sterndale-Bennett Prize and numerous 
other awards, her scholarship being 
twice extended for a further jjeriod of 
a year. Miss Wigley has given six 
recitals in London, the last one on 
18 June, 1912, at ^Bolian Hall ; she has 
appeared at a large number of concerts 
in London and the provinces, and was 
especially engaged by Mr. Percy 
Harrison for the Tetrazzini tour in 
1910 ; she has also made a successful 
tour in India, and later with Miss May 
Mukle in Austria and Hungary. Miss 
Wigley, in addition to her accomplish- 
ments as a pianist and singer, is an 
excellent violinist. 

WILCOCKE, James, flautist; b. 
12 Nov., 1853 at 17 Westminster 
Bridge Road, Lambeth, his father, 
Mr. Henry Ray Wilcocke, being a 
teacher of violin and piano ; e. at St. 
Joseph's Academy, Kennington; stu- 
died piano with his father and flute 
with Mr. George L. Roe ; had his first 
engagement at Astiey's Theatre in 
1865 ; afterwards played at Riviere's 
Concerts at Covent Garden (1871), 
Crystal Palace (1881), Richter Orches- 
tra (1888), Royal Choral Society (1888), 
Queen's Hall Orchestra (1896-1904), 
Philharmonic Orchestra (1897), Lon- 
don Symphony Orchestra (1904), and 

many provincial festivals ; from 1872 
to 1878 was solo piccolo in Grenadier 
Guards Band ; in Jan., 1900, appointed 
Professor, Royal Military School of 
Music, Kneller Hall, and in 1903 at 
the G.S.M. ; m. Miss F. E. Thompson 
in 1880. Recreation : Billiards. Ad- 
dress : 21 Devereux Road, Wandsworth 
Common, S.W. 

WILDE, Harold, tenor ; b. Wigan, 
16 Sept., 1876 ; e. at Manchester, and 
subsequently entered the R.C.M. ; is a 
gentleman of His Majesty's Chapels 
Royal, Marlborough House, Bucking- 
ham Palace and St. James's Palace; 
has sung at a large number of the 
leading London and provincial con- 
certs, including the London Symphony 
Concerts, Albert Hall Sunday Concerts, 
Chappell Ballad Concerts, Hall6 Con- 
certs, Manchester, Western Counties 
Festival, and toured the world with 
Mr. Watkin Mills, 1905-6 ; appeared at 
the Savoy in Gilbert & Sullivan 
operas, 1906-7. Recreations : Cricket 
and golf. Clubs : North Surrey Golf 
Club and Primrose. Address : 1 
Normanhurst Road, Streatham Hill, 
S.W. Telephone : 458 Streatham. 

WILLIAMS, Anna, soprano and 
teacher ; 6. London ; d. ol W. Smith 
Williams, a well-known literary man 
of his time; e. Queen's College and 
Bedford College ; commenced her 
musical education under H. C. Deacon 
and J. B. Welch, securing first prize 
for soprano singing at the National 
Musical Meetings in 1872 ; she then 
proceeded to Naples and studied under 
Domenico Scafati ; on her return to 
England, in 1874, she appeared at the 
Crystal Palace with great success; 
after this she had a number of import- 
ant concert engagements, and also 
sang in oratorio ; she sang at the 
Worcester Festival in 1878, and was 
thereafter engaged to sing at most of 
the provincial festivals, and also 
appeared in opera ; retired from the 
concert platform in 1897, subsequently 
joining the staff of the R.C.M. Ad- 
dress : R.C.M., Kensington Gore, 

WILLIAMS, Charles Francis Abdy, 

organist and composer ; e. privately 

15 (2141) 





and at Leipzig Conservatorium ; gradu- 
ated Mus.Bac. (Camb.) 1891 ; ap- 
pointed organist of Dover College 1881, 
organist and choirmaster, St. Mary's, 
Boltons, S.W., 1885 ; and professor of 
music, Bradfield College, 1895 ; relin- 
quished the latter post in 1901 ; author 
of several works dealing with History 
and Theory of Music. Address : 
Myrtle Cottage, Milf ord-on-Sea, Hants. 

WILLIAMS, Charles Lee, organist 
and composer ; chorister at New 
College, Oxford; graduated Mus.Bac. 
(Oxon), 1878 ; is also anhon. F.R C.O. 
and Hon. R.A.M. Principal appoint- 
ments : Winchester Cathedral (deputy 
organist), St. Columba's College 
(Dublin), Llandaff Cathedral, and 
Gloucester Cathedral (1882 to 1897) ; 
has composed a large number of 
works, principally Church music. 
Address: "The Knoll," Tuffleigh, near 

WILLIAMS, Greta, contralto; b. 
London ; ori^nally a juvenile pianist, 
she entered the R.A.M., where she was 
a pupil of Mr. Edwin Holland and 
Signer Randegger ; graduating an 
A.R.A.M., she has appeared at many 
of the great musical Festivals, and at 
some of the most important London 
and provincial concerts, among others 
the Dundee Choral Union, the Perth 
Choral Society, the Glasgow Choral 
Union, the Halle Concerts in Man- 
chester, several important concerts at 
the Royal Albert Hall, Crystal Palace, 
Queen's Hall, etc. ; it is of interest to 
recall that it was Miss Greta Williams 
who behaved so courageously at the 
wreck of the Stella, when during the 
fourteen dreadful hours she and the 
few other survivors passed in an open 
boat, she calmed the fears of the crew 
and fellow-passengers by singing 
" O Rest in the Lord." Address : 22 
Cromwell Grove, Shepherd's Bush 
Road, W. 

WILLIAMS, Laura Evans, soprano ; 
6. Henllan, North Wales, 7 Sept., 
1883 ; d. of John Evans ; m. Mr. 
R. T. Williams; studied under 
Mr. Edward Hes and also under Mr. 
Fairbairn (for opera), and made her 
dtbut at the Bechstein Hall in 1908 

at her own recital ; has fulfilled 
engagements at Queen's Hall, Alex- 
andra Palace, Crystal Palace, Leeds 
Philharmonic, Sheffield Musical Union, 
Manchester Philharmonic, Hudders- 
field and Halifax Choral Societies, 
Glasgow Choral Union, Liverpool, 
Birmingham, and Bradford Festivals, 
Belfast Philharmonic, Edinburgh, Car- 
diff, Bristol, Lincoln, and all leading 
provincial concerts. Address : Im- 
perial Concert Agency, 524 Birkbeck 
Bank Chambers, Holborn, London. 
Telegraphic Address : " Shylock, Lon- 
don." Telephone No. : 5378 Holborn. 

WILLIAMS, Philip Hamilton, ama- 
teur composer ; 6. Highbury, 1873 ; s. 
of Thornton Arthur Williams, tea 
broker, his mother being an authoress ; 
nephew of Miss Anna Williams, 
Madame Marian MacKenzie (by mar- 
riage), and Henry Baumer, composer 
and pianist; e. Hastings and Uni- 
versity College, London ; m. Miss May 
Cumberland; is a chartered account- 
ant by profession ; received his musical 
training at the R.C.M. ; composer of 
" The Mad Dog," with orchestral 
accompaniment ; " Day and Night," 
sung by Miss Muriel Foster; piano 
quartets, violin sonatas, and about 
forty songs ; set " The Jackdaw of 
Rheims," with full orchestral accom- 
paniment, for Mr. Kennerley Rumford. 
Music is his principal hobby and 
recreation, but he is an ardent chess 
player and a prolific writer upon the 
game, having composed and published 
over 800 problems; is also a skilful 
amateur photographer. Address : 15 
Eaton Road, Hampstead, N.W. Clubs: 
City of London Chess Club and Camera 
Club, 17 John Street, Adelphi. 

WILLIAMSON, F. Delmar, baritone, 
vocal coach, and composer ; 6. Liver- 
pool, 1861 ; e. Rossall School ; pre- 
pared for the musical profession at 
Milan ; his first important appearance 
as a vocalist was at the Liverpool Phil- 
harmonic Hall, 1889 ; has composed 
several popular songs, including " Ve- 
nite, Jovial Sons of Hesper," "Six 
Serenades," " The Clink of the Cana- 
kin," " Life's Garden," and a series of 
"Village Ballads"; has been the 
teacher of many successful English 




vocalists during the last ten years. 
Recreations : Golf, deep sea fishing, 
cycling, cricket. Address : Studio, 
174 New Bond Street. Telephone: 
P.O., 239 Mayfair. 

WILNA, Alice, soprano ; of Welsh 
descent on her father's side, while her 
mother comes of a Yorkshire family ; 
studied principally in France under 
Albert Salizas, and sang a great deal 
throughout the Riviera and in Italy ; 
came to London in 1911, and made her 
cttbut at the Albert Hall under the 
aegis of Mr. Landon Ronald ; she was 
at once engaged for the Royal Opera, 
Covent Garden, where she sang several 
times during the season, and has since 
appeared at a great number of the 
leading concerts in London and the 
provinces. Address : c/o Covent 
Garden Theatre, W.C. 

WILSON, Archibald Wayet, organist 
and composer ; e. at R.C.M. ; gradu- 
ated F.R.C.O. 1889, Mus.Bac. (Oxon) 
1891, and Mus.Doc. (Oxon) 1897; 
also M.A. (Oxon); principal appoint- 
ments as organist: St. Paul's (East 
Moulsey, 1887), Keble College (Oxford, 
1890), St. John's (Upper St. Leonards, 
1896), St. Asaph Cathedral (1898), Ely 
Cathedral (1901) ; composer of "Before 
the Beginning of Years " (for chorus 
and orchestra), also part-songs and 
Church music, etc. A ddress : The 
College, Ely. 

WILSON, Christopher, composer and 

conductor ; b. Melbourne, Derbyshire ; 
comes of a musical family, his mother 
and grandmother having been accom- 
plished pianists, and his uncle (Mr. 
F. W. Davenport) a professor at the 
R.A.M. ; he showed marked musical 
ability as a boy, and in 1893 com- 
menced to study seriously at the 
R.A.M., where he won bronze and 
silver medals, and in 1895 won the 
Mendelssohn Scholarship, and travelled 
for three years studying at Cologne, 
Berlin, and Paris ; among his many 
compositions are the incidental music 
to " Kismet," " The Virgin Goddess," 
" The Pied Piper," and to many of 
Shakespeare's plays as produced by 
F. R. Benson, Miss Ellen Terry, and 
Mr. Oscar Asche. Recreation : Golf. 

Clubs: Savage, Yorick, and London 
Sketch Club. Address : 7 Abercorn 
Place, N.W. 

WILSON, Hilda, contralto and 
teacher of singing ; b. Monmouth ; d. 
of James Wilson and his wife, nee Jane 
Lane of Gloucester; m. Mr. Ashley 
Hart. Madame Hilda Wilson made 
her debut at the age of fifteen, 
singing the soprano solos in " The 
Messiah " at the Shire Hall, Glou- 
cester ; she received her musical 
education at the R.A.M., where 
she gained the bronze, silver, and 
gold medals, and won the West- 
morland Scholarship two years in 
succession; was later elected a 
F.R.A.M. ; made her first appearance 
in London at the St. James's Hall, and 
has since sung at all the leading 
festivals and concerts in the United 
Kingdom. Madame Hilda Wilson is 
the composer of several successful 
songs, amongst others " From Over- 
sea " (under the nom-de-plume of 
Douglas Hope) and " When Birds Do 
Sing " (Hilda Wilson), both published 
by Boosey, and " My Roses " (Cramer); 
her favourite works are Dvdrak s 
"Stabat Mater" and Bach's St. 
Matthew Passion Music. Recreation : 
Gardening. Member of the Royal 
Society of Musicians, Associate of the 
Philharmonic Society. Club : the 
R.A.M. Address: 111 Sutherland 
Avenue, W. 

WILSON, Mary, contralto, teacher 
of singing, and lecturer; b. 10 Mar., 
1879, Cartmel, Lancashire ; her father, 
Mr. William Forbes Wilson, 'was 
postmaster of Grange-over-Sands ; 
through her mother (nee Catherine 
Lowe) she is related to the late 
Viscount Sherbrooke ; e. at Kendal 
High School, and (1897-9) at Liver- 
pool College of Music, (1900-6), at 
R.A.M., London, where she held the 
Sainton-Dolby Scholarship, studying 
with Madame Clara Samuell, Fred 
Walker, and Randegger ; she also won 
the Ridley Prentice medal for teach- 
ing; took A.R.A.M. and L.R.A.M., 
1906 ; appointed professor, 1907 ; has 
lectured on English, Irish, and Scotch 
ballads all over England and Scotland ; 
author of " Art of Singing " in the 





" Harmsworth Self-Educator.' ' Fond of 
cycling, golfing, and all outdoor sports. 
Address : HA Portsdown Road, Maida 
Vale, W. Clubs : R.A.M., Three Arts 
Club, and Lyceum. 

WINTEBBOTTOM, Charles, double-, 
bass player ; Hon. R.A.M. ; b. 6 July, 
1865, Clapham, Surrey ; his father, 
Ammon Winterbottom, also a double- 
bass player, belongs to a famous family 
of military bandmasters, no less than 
four of his brothers holding that rank 
in the service, viz., Tom (Royal 
Marines, Plymouth), William (2nd 
Life Guards), John (Royal Marine 
Artillery), and Harry (Royal Fusiliers) ; 
was taught the violin at five and the 
double-bass at fourteen, by his father ; 
principal double-bass player in the 
Private Band of Queen Victoria and 
the late King Edward, Philharmonic, 
Royal Choral, London Symphony, and 
Handel Festival, and member of all 
the principal bands in the kingdom ; 
Professor at R. A.M. and Trinity College, 
London ; played at Centennial Exhi- 
bition, Melbourne, under Cowen. Ad- 
dress : 17 Mentone Mansions, Fulham 
Road, S.W. 

WTTHERSPOON, Herbert, concert 
and opera singer; b. Buffalo, New 
York, 21 July, 1873; e. at Yale 
University, graduating B.A. ; studied 
singing in New York, Paris, and Lon- 
don; first appeared at New York in 
opera, Oct., 1898 ; has since sung with 
principal symphony orchestras at 
Boston, Chicago, New York, etc., etc.. 
Queen's Hall, London, and Liverpool 
Philharmonic, including many seasons 
in grand opera ; was engaged as lead- 
ing basso at the Metropolitan Opera 
House, New York, in 1908, and is still 
engaged there ; made special successes 
as Gurnewanz in "Parsifal," the 
King in "Lohengrin," Landgraf in 
" Tannhauser," Pogner in " Die Meis- 
tersinger," etc. Agents : Ibbs & 
Tillett, 19 Hanover Square, W. Club : 
Yale Club, New York. Permanent 
address : Metropolitan Club, New 
York. Telegraphic address : " Wither- 
spoon, Labiated, N.Y." 

WOLF, Otto, tenor; 6. Bernburg, 
1874 ; first appeared in public as a 

violinist at the age of nine ; started 
in business, but gave it up when he 
discovered that he had a tenor voice, 
and studied singing in Dessau ; first 
engaged at Spndershausen, then Lu- 
beck, then Mainz ; for over eight years 
he was engaged at Darmstadt, and 
later went to the Hofoper, Munich ; 
he has sung " Gastspiele " at all the 
principal towns in Germany and Hol- 
land; his repertoire includes Lohen- 
grin, Erik, and the King's Son in 
" Konigskinder," etc. Address : c/o 
Covent Garden Theatre, W.C. 

WOLF-FERRARI, Ermanni, com- 
poser ; b. Italy, of mixed German and 
Italian parentage, his father being a 
well-known artist ; e. in Munich ; one 
of his earliest works was a one-act 
opera entitled "Suzanna's Secret," 
heard at Covent Garden in 1912, and 
his more ambitious work, " The Jewels 
of the Madonna," was produced with 
great success at our Opera House in 
1912 ; he recently visited America to 
superintend the production of the 
latter work and also another of his 
operas, " Donne Curiose " ; prior to 
his success as an operatic composer, 
he had devoted his attention to sym- 
phonic and chamber music, some of 
which has been heard at the Queen's 
Hall Promenade Concerts ; a few 
years ago he was made Principal of 
the Venice Conservatoire of Music. 
A ddress : Conservatoire of Music, 

WOLFF, Johannes, solo violinist; 
b. The Hague, 12 May, 1863 ; 5. of 
Henry Wolff, Chief of Ministerium ; 
e. at Rotterdam under Professor 
Wirth, winning the travelling musical 
scholarship of the late King of Hol- 
land at the age of twelve, jvhich enabled 
him to complete his musical education 
at Dresden and Paris ; secured first 
prize for violin playing at the Paris 
Conservatoire, and subsequently made 
his first public appearance as a solo 
violinist at the Pasdeloup concerts, 
Paris ; since then he has made fre- 
quent appearances in London and the 
provincial cities of the United King- 
dom, and has toured on the Continent, 
playing in the principal cities of Prance, 
Germany, Russia, Holland, Belgium, 





Sweden, Norway, Denmark, Spain, 
Portugal, also in Brazil and other South 
American States ; has been decorated 
with the Legion of Honour ; Officier 
of the Order of Orange, Nassau ; St. 
Stanislas, Russia ; Oflicier d'lnstruc- 
tion Publique, France; has the Lud- 
wig Order from, the Grand Duke of 
Hesse, the Jubilee Medal from Queen 
Victoria, and the Medal of Art and 
Science from the Prince of Anhalt, 
and the Medal for Art and Science 
from the Queen of the Netherlands. 
M. Wolff is one of the most popular 
teachers of the violin at the G.S.M. 
Recreation : Fishing. Address : 33 
Wellington Square, Chelsea, S.W. ; 
and 12 Rue Theodore de Banville, 
Paris. Agents : Messrs. Ibbs & Tillett, 
19 Hanover Square, W. 

WOLFSTHAL, Max, violinist; 6. 
Lemberg, in Poland, where his boy- 
hood was spent amid surroundings of 
extreme poverty ; his earliest appear- 
ances in public were made as a player 
at the cafes of his native town, by 
which means he helped to support his 
parents ; after a series of remarkable 
misfortunes and adventures, the boy 
attracted the attention of a lady of 
wealth, who took him to her house, 
and for two years paid for his studies 
and the maintenance of his parents ; 
his ability and rapid progress led to 
an extensive tour in Russia, Rou- 
mania, and Turkey ; he came to 
London in the autumn of 1902, with 
neither introductions nor a knowledge 
of English ; his dtbut was made at the 
Crystal Palace Concerts, and the suc- 
cess achieved there led to his appear- 
ance at both the subsequent Phil- 
harmonic Concerts ; soon after his 
arrival in England he was fortunate 
enough to attract the notice of the 
late King Edward, who evinced a 
kindly interest in his career, which 
he has since pursued successfully. 
Agent : Ashton's, 33 Old Bond Street, 

WOLSTENHOLME, William, organ- 
ist and composer ; Mus.Bac. 1887, 
Worcester College, Oxford ; trained at 
the College for the Blind, Worcester, 
and privately; organist, St. Paul's, 
Blackburn, 1888 ; King's Weigh House 

Congregational Church, London, 190J 
All Saints', Norfolk Square, W., 190 
Published compositions : Intermez; 
for orchestra, quartet for string 
sonata for violin and pianoforte, piec 
for violin, viola, violoncello, organ, at 
pianoforte; songs, madrigal, par 
songs, anthems. Mr. Wolstenholme hj 
the misfortune to be blind, a stupei 
dous difficulty which has not, howeve 
prevented his reaching the front raij 
of his profession. Address : 11 Hi 
grove Road, South Hampstead, N.V 

WOOD, Charles John, organist ; 
at Lichfield Cathedral, the R.C.M 
and privately; graduated Mus.Ba 
(pxon), 1894 ; is an F.R.C.O. Prii 
cipal appointments as organist : S 
John's, Ballinasloe, 1880; St. Niche 
las, Tooting Graveney, 1882; Si 
Saviour's, Croydon, 1883 ; St. Mark'* 
Tunbridge Wells, 1885 ; St. Nicholas 
Galway, 1888; All Saints', Welling 
borough, 1891 ; is music master of th 
Wellingborough Technical Institute 
Conductor of the Wellingborougl 
Amateur Operatic Society. Address 
"Rockholme," 25 Ranelagh Road 

WOOD, Daniel Joseph, organist am 
composer ; graduated Mus.Bac. (Oxon 
1874; Mus.Doc. (Canterbury), 1896 
is an F.R.C.O. (1872). Principal ap 

? ointments as organist : Holy Trinit] 
Brompton, Chatham, 1864) ; parisl 
church (Cranbrook, 1866), parisl 
church (Lee, S.E., 1868), parish churcl 
(Boston, Lines, 1869), ducheste 
Cathedral (1875), Exeter Cathedra 
(1876) ; is conductor of Exeter Orches 
tral Society, and joint conductor o: 
Exeter Oratorio Society and the 
Western Counties' Musical Associa- 
tion; has composed and published 
a quantity of organ and Church music, 
and is joint editor of the " Hymnal 
Companion." Address : The Close, 

WOOD, Haydn, violinist and com- 
poser ; b. Slaithwaite, near Hudders- 
field, Yorkshire, 1882; received his 
early training from his brother, who is 
also a violinist ; gained an open violin 
scholarship at the R.C.M., 1897 ; 
studied the violin with Senor Arbos 





for six years, and afterwards went to 
Brussels under Caesar Thomson ; 
studied composition under Sir C. V. 
Stanford; made his <Ubut as a child 
at Douglas, Isle of Man, playing 
Mendelssohn's E minor Concerto ; 
toured the British Isles, and Canada, 
with Madame Albani ; engaged as 
solo violinist on one of the Harrison 
tours ; has played at the Royal Albert 
Hall Sunday Afternoon Concerts ; con- 
ducted his " Orchestral Suite " at one 
of the Patrons' Concerts at the Queen's 
Hall ; gained second prize in the 
Cobbett Musical Competition for his 
" String Fantasia," which is published 
by Novello, and was first performed at 
the Bechstein Hall in June, 1907 ; he 
has also written for the orchestra a 
" Set of Variations " and a " Suite de 
Ballet," and has composed a " Piano 
Concerto," besides numerous songs and 
violin solos ; while at the R.C.M. he 
was awarded the Hill Prize for violin 
playing, the Sullivan Prize for Com- 
position, and also the Morley Scholar- 
ship, after three years' study at the 
College, this scholarship entitling him 
to an additional three years' tuition ; 
he is an A.R.C.M. Agents : Imperial 
Concert Agency, 524 Birkbeck Bank 
Chambers, Holborn, London. Tele- 
phone : 5378 Holborn. Telegraphic 
Address : " Shylock, London." 

WOOD, Sir Henry Joseph, con- 
ductor ; b. London, 3 Mar., 1870 ; 
received his early musical education 
from his father, an amateur 'cellist, 
and for twenty-five years solo tenor 
at St. Sepulchre's Church; acted as 
deputy organist of St. Mary's, 
Aldermanbury, when he was only 
ten years old ; at seventeen was 
organist at St. John's, Fulham ; and 
was engaged to give organ recitals 
at the Fisheries, Inventions, and other 
exhibitions at South Kensington, from 
1883 to 1885 ; entered the R.A.M. in 
1886, where he studied under Pro- 
fessors Prout, W. Macfarren, Steggall, 
Manuel Garcia, Duvivier, and others ; 
he subsequently became a conductor 
of various suburban musical societies, 
and in 1890 was appointed conductor 
of the Rousby Opera Company ; he 
subsequently conducted the Carl Rosa 
Company, while on tour in 1891-2 ; 

the Georgina Burns Opera Company, 
1892; Signor Lago's opera season at 
the Olympic Theatre, 1893 ; Madame 
Marie Roze's Farewell Tour, 1894, and 
Avenue Theatre, 1894 ; he commenced 
his connection with the Queen's Hall 
in 1895, when he conducted the first 
of the series of promenade concerts 
there organised by Mr. R. Newman, 
which have become a permanent 
musical institution ; from these con- 
certs originated the Queen's Hall 
Orchestra, which, under his conductor- 
ship, has become world renowned ; 
since 1895 he has conducted pro- 
menade concerts and Sunday afternoon 
symphony concerts at the Queen's 
Hall, which have done more than 
anything else within the same 
period to popularise music in its 
highest forms; in 1899 he visited 
Berlin to conduct the Philharmonic 
Society, and in 1904 he went to New 
York for a similar purpose ; he has 
also conducted Sunday Orchestral 
Concerts at the Queen's Hall, the 
Nottingham Sacred Harmonic Society, 
founded the Nottingham City Orches- 
tra, conducted the Wolverhampton 
Festival Society in 1900, the Wagner 
Festival at the Albert Hall, Crystal 
Palace Concerts (1901-2), Sheffield 
Musical Festival (1902-5-7-8-11) ; 
London Festivals Queen's Hall 
(1899, 1900-1-11), Norwich Festivals 
(1905-8-11), Westmoreland Festivals, 
Kendal (1904-6-8-10-12), Birmingham 
Festival, 1912, and a large number 
of other important concerts ; he 
is a well-known teacher of singing ; 
wrote a book entitled " Breath- 
ing, Tones and their Qualities," in 
which he expounded his own method 
of vocal instruction; in 1898 he 
married the Princess Olga Ourousoff, 
who, as Mrs. Henry J. Wood, was well 
known as a professional vocalist ; this 
lady died in 1909, and in 1911 he 
married, en secondes noces, Miss Murie 
Greatrex; he was knighted in 1911 
To Sir Henry J. Wood both as a con- 
ductor and organiser of his superb 
orchestra the greatest credit is due, 
for no one has done more within the 
present generation to relieve us from 
the charge of not being a musical 
nation. In his hours of leisure Mr. 
Wood devotes himself to painting, in 





which art he is very highly accom- 
plished. Address : 4 Elsworthy Road, 
Primrose Hill, N.W. 

WOOD ALL, Doris, operatic vocalist ; 
e. at Schwerin i/m ; received her 
early musical training at the R.A.M., 
winning the bronze medal, afterwards 
continuing her studies under Frau 
Alken-Minor, Kammersaangerin, at 
the Royal Court Theatre, Schwerin ; 
at this theatre Mme. Woodall made her 
debut as Nancy in Flotow's " Martha " ; 
then followed a three years' engage- 
ment at the Royal Opera in Neustre- 
litz, when she appeared in many 
including Mignon, Amneris, 

iieen of Sheba, Santuzza, Ortrud, 
ubino, etc. ; she joined the Carl 
Rosa Company in 1905, singing 
leading rdles at Covent Garden and 
in the provinces ; she has recently 
devoted her attention to Lieder-singing, 
under the guidance of Mr. Lawrence 
Atkinson, and gave her first Lieder- 
recital at the Bechstein Hall on 22 May, 
1912. Address : 66 Stamford Brook 
Road, Hammersmith. 

poser ; b. Valparaiso, Chili ; d. of 
Alfred Ward, Consul in Valparaiso, and 
his wife Virginia Worthington Heath ; 
m. Colonel Woodforde-Finden (retired), 
Indian Army ; studied music privately 
under Adolph Schloesser, Herr Winter, 
and Amy Horrocks. Mrs. Woodforde- 
Finden is the composer of a large 
number of delightful and successful 
songs, the best known among them 
being " Four Indian Love Lyrics," 
" Lover in Damascus," " On Jhelum 
River," " O Flower of all the World," 
" The Pagoda of Flowers," " A Dream 
of Egypt," and " Golden Hours " ; her 
latest compositions are " Stars of the 
Desert " (four more Indian love lyrics) 
and " Three Little Mexican Songs." 
Address : 45 Portland Court, Great 
Portland Street, W. 

WOODS, Francis Cunningham, com- 
poser, teacher and organist; b. London, 
29 Aug., 1862 ; e. at the City of Lon- 
don School and Neuwied-on-the-Rhine, 
and for the musical profession at the 
National Training School (now the 
R.C.M.), under Sullivan, Stainer, 

Bridge, Prout, Cowen, and O'Leary ; 
graduated Mus.Bac. (Oxon), 1891 ; 
is a F.R.C.O. ; organist, Brasenose 
College (Oxon), 1883-86 ; organist and 
choirmaster, Exeter College (Oxon), 
1886-95; organist to the Duke of 
Marlborough, 1891-94 ; teacher of the 
organ, and lecturer for the Oxford 
Prof. Mus., 1890-95 ; organist and 
music-master, Highgate School, 1896 ; 
conductor, Finsbury Choral Society, 
1897-1901. Published compositions: 
Anthems, songs, incidental music for 
the "Tempest" (O.U.D.S., 1894); 
cantatas, " King Harold," " A Grey- 
port Legend," "Old May Day"; 
Suite in F for small orchestra; Ode, 
"The Lords of Labour." Address: 
11 Bisham Gardens, Highgate, N. 

WOODWARD, Bessie, contralto ; 
made her debut at age of fifteen in her 
native town of Gloucester ; studied 
locally and under Clara Novello Davies 
in London ; gained first prize at a 
competition at Exeter Hall ; has sung 
at Queen's Hall and in the provinces, 
more particularly at Cardiff (in ora- 
torio) and Crewe. 

WOOLLVEN, D'Arey, baritone and 
teacher of singing; b. 11 Nov., 1880, 
at Manchester ; s. of William Woollven 
and his wife Emma Garside ; e. pri- 
vately ; studied singing at the G.S.M. 
under Isidore de Solla and afterwards 
privately under Frederic King; has 
since appeared at many concerts in 
London and the provinces, and has a 
considerable teaching connection. Re- 
creations : Cricket and other outdoor 
pursuits. Clubs : Lancastrians in Lon- 
don, Arts and Dramatic, C.A.B.A. 
Address: " Pendevan," Woodside 
Avenue, North Finchley. Studio : 
68 Margaret Street, W. Telephone: 
580 Central. 

WORKMAN, C. Herbert, actor and 
vocalist; b. Bootle, Lanes, 5 May, 
1873; 5. of Sarah (Forrest) and 
Charles Workman; e. Waterloo Col- 
lege ; studied singing under his brother, 
Albert E. Workman, of Liverpool; 
made his first appearance on the stage 
at the Memorial Theatre, Stratford- 
on-Avon, Nov., 1894, as Calynx in 
" Utopia, Ltd." ; made his first 





appearance in London, at the Savoy, 
Nov., 1895, in "After All " ; Mar., 
1896, played Ben Hashbaz in " The 
Grand Duke " ; July, 1896, appeared 
in "The Mikado"; Feb., 1897, 
appeared as Adam in " His Majesty," 
etc. ; until 1909, had only ap- 
peared under the Savoy management 
since his first appearance in 1894 ; 
principal comedian with the leading 
Gilbert & Sullivan Opera Company 
on tour since Mar., 1898 ; toured in 
South Africa, 1906 ; has appeared in 
every Gilbert & Sullivan opera, 
except "Ruddigore," also in "Mir- 
ette, " The Chieftain," " The Grand 
Duchess," " The Rose of Persia," etc. ; 
played the leading comedy parts in the 
series of revivals inaugurated in 1907 
by Mrs. D'Oyly Carte ; at the Savoy, 
Max., 1909, again appeared as Jack 
Point in " The Yeomen of the Guard " ; 
in Sept., entered on the management 
of the Savoy Theatre, opening on 
29 Sept., 1909, as Pierre in "The 
Mountaineers " ; in Dec., 1909, pro- 
duced "Fallen Fairies" in which he 
appeared as Lutin, and in Mar., 1910, 
produced " Two Merry Monarchs," in 
which he played Rolandyl; he was 
next engaged for the Lyric Theatre, 
where on 10 Sept., 1910, he appeared 
as Bumerli in " The Chocolate Soldier"; 
same theatre, 30 Dec., 1911, appeared 
as Count Max Cliquot in "Night- 
birds"; 5 Sept., 1912, appeared as 
Mons. Pomarel in "The Girl in the 
Taxi." Favourite part: Jack Point 
in the "Yeomen of the Guard." 
Recreations : Gardening, painting, 
modelling, and horse-riding. Clubs : 
Motor and Playgoers'. Address : 60 
Aberdare Gardens, South Hampstead, 
N.W. Telephone : 428 Hampstead. 

WORMALD, Lfflie, soprano; b. 
Manchester ; her great-uncle was Dr. 
John Hunter, founder of the Royal 
College of Surgeons ; her mother's 
family were nearly all musicians ; was 
prepared for the musical profession by 
Mme. Sherrington, Mme. Fillannger,and 
other eminent teachers ; m. Sydney F. 
Goddard, of Nottingham ; made her 
debut at one of the Halle Concerts at 
the Free Trade Hall, Manchester ; 
first appeared in London in 1905, and 
has since sung with success at all the 
leading London and provincial con- 
certs, including the Philharmonic 
Society, Queen's Hall Promenades, 
etc., etc. Miss Wormald won the Gold 
Medal of the Manchester Royal College 
of Music, where for many years she 
was a professor ; she was obliged to 
resign that position eventually, how- 
ever, owing to her ever-increasing 
engagements and her private teaching 
connection. Favourite roles : Susanna 
in " Nozze di Figaro " and Woglinde 
in " The Ring." Recreations : Fancy 
skating on ice, tennis, boating, and 
swimming. Club : I.S.M. Address : 
17 Dorset Square, N.W. 

WYVULE, Amber, operatic vocal- 
ist; b. Hull; received her musical 
training from Sir George Power and 
Madame Rosa Bird ; subsequently at 
G.S.M. and by Signor Ronconi ; first 
appeared at Bechstein Hall, 1901 ; 
toured with Charles Sinkins' party, 
including Alice Esty and Lloyd 
Chandos ; principal vocalist at Glas- 
gow, Richard Waldon season ; toured 
with concert party through prin- 
cipal Scottish cities for six months. 
Favourite part : Carmen. Recreation : 

YAW, Ellen Beach, soprano ; d. of 
Ambrose Yaw ; e. New York and 
Paris ; studied under Madam Hervor 
Porpadie in New York and Mdme. 
Mathilde Marchesi in Paris ; widow of 
the late Vere Goldthwaite ; made her 
operatic debut at Rome in Feb., 1904, 
as Lucia di Lammennoor, and first 

appeared at the Metropolitan Opera 
House, New York, in Mar., 1907, in 
the same r die ; was heard for the first 
time in London at the Queen's Hall, 
under Sir Henry Wood, in Oct., 1902. 
Madam Yaw is the composer of many 
successful songs, including a " Cycle of 
Bird Songs." Her favourite rdle is 





Ophelia in " Hamlet " ; and when not 
touring she spends her time at " Lark 
Allen's Orange Ranch " in California, 
Madame Yaw's beautiful country 
house. Address : " Covina," Cali- 
fornia. Telegraphic address : " Yaw- 
Beach, California." 

IELLAND, Maria, contralto; b. 
St. Dennis, Cornwall, 1883 ; e. 
at Bristol and Newcastle-on-Tyne ; 
was prepared for the musical profes- 
sion at the R.C.M. by Mr. Henry 
Blower ; first appeared at the Queen's 
Hall, 27 Jan., 1906, singing at a 
Chappell Ballad Concert; has since 
sung at Covent Garden Opera, the 
Alexandra Palace, Crystal Palace, 
Albert Hall with the Royal Choral 
Society in "Elijah" and Bach's 
B minor Mass, and also at the Sunday 
League Concerts at the Queen's Hall ; 
in Feb., 1902, she won the Courtenay 
Scholarship at the R.C.M. ; in July, 
1906, she secured the London Musical 
Society's Prize for singing. She has 
appeared at the Bristol and Newcastle- 
on-Tyne Musical Festivals. Address : 
R.C.M., S.W. Agents : Albion Con- 
cert Bureau, 52 New Bond Street, W., 
and usual agents. 

YOUNG, Dalliousie, pianist and com- 
poser; b. India 23 Nov., 1866; s. 
of Gen. Ralph Young, R.E. ; e. at 
Clifton and Balliol College, Oxford; 
studied under Louis Ries (violin), and 
under Paderewski and Leschetitzky 
(piano) ; made his debut as a pianist at 
the Sala Dante, Rome, in 1893, and 
first appeared in London in 1895, at a 
pianoforte recital. His compositions 
include " The Blessed Damozel," per- 
formed by the London Choral Society, 
also in the provinces and at Graz 

(Styria), and a large number of songs 
of which "Bredon Hill" is perhaps 
the most popular ; has given numerous 
concerts, lectures and recitals in 
France, Germany, Switzerland, Italy, 
California and England. Is a member 
of the Oxford and Cambridge Musical 
Club. Address ; Rock Hall, Uckfield, 

YOUNGER, Constance (Mrs. H. F. 
Delevigne), teacher of singing and 

nof orte, accompanist, and coach ; 
Castle Baynard, in the City of 
London, where her father, Mr. Edward 
Younger, was a partner in the firm of 
Vivian, Younger <5Bond ; e. privately, 
and in Stuttgart and Paris ; studied for 
the profession at the R.A.M. under 
Walter Macfarren, Goss, Wallwprth, 
and Signer Gilardoni ; appointed piano- 
forte professor at the G.S.M. in 1880, 
resigned in 1889, reappointed in 1906 ; 
is visiting professor at St. Margaret's 
School, Folkestone, and has published 
numerous songs. Madame Younger 
was for some time accompanist to Mr. 
D. Ffrangcon Davies. Recreations : 
Billiards, chess, and lawn tennis. 
Address: G.S.M. 

YSAIE, Eugene, violinist ; b. Liege, 
Belgium, 15 July, 1858; s. of Nicolas 
Ysaye ; e. at Liege Conservatoire ; 
studied the violin under his father, 
WieniawsM, and Henri Vieuxtemps ; 
made his debut in 1864 when only 
six years of age, and first appeared in 
London at the St. Tames s Hall in 
1888 ; his reputation has since become 
world-wide. Recreations : Fishing, 
tennis, and motoring. Address : 
48 Avenue Brugmann, Brussels. Tele- 
graphic address : Ysaye, violoniste, 

ZACHAREWITSCH, Michael, solo 
violinist ; b. Ostrow, Russia, 26 
Aug.,1878; e. at St. Petersburg and Mos- 
cow ; m. Miss Joan Saxby, an Ameri- 
can ; studied under Sevcik, in Prague, 
for two years, and afterwards under 
Ysaye, in Brussels, for one year ; made 
his musical debut at the age of twelve, 

when he played Tschaikovsky's Con- 
certo in Odessa, the master himself 
conducting, and afterwards presenting 
the youthful artiste with a massive 
silver wreath with the following words 
inscribed; "Your talent is colossal, 
and your magic bow reminds me of 
Wieniawski " ; he was first heard in 





London in the year 1904, and has since 
appeared at the Philharmonic Society 
and all the principal concerts in the 
United Kingdom, while he has met 
with unqualified success in every great 
Continental city; he introduced Sir 
Edward Elgar's New Concerto to Scot- 
land in 1911, when touring with the 
Scottish Orchestra, and in the same 
year interpreted that great work at 
Sheffield and Nottingham with the 
Hall6 Orchestra (under Herr Balling), 
and also at Liverpool, Birmingham, 
and in Italy ; has appeared before the 
Tsar of Russia and various crowned 
heads, and has played under the bdton 
of most of the greatest conductors, 
among others Mengelburg, Sir Henry 
Wood, Sir Edward Elgar, Weingartner, 
Nikisch, Landon Ronald, etc., etc. ; 
is the composer of many violin solos, 
and has now (Jan., 1913) completed 
a new work for solo violin, accompa- 
nied by string quartette and recitation, 
based on a poem on " Life and Love," 
by the Queen of Roumania. Recrea- 
tions : Fishing, shooting, and reading. 
Address : 46 Berners Street, London, 

ZADOR, Desider, baritone ; b. Hun- 
gary; and was in his early years a 
public-school teacher, but after study- 
ing at the Royal Music Academy at 
Buda-Pesth, forsook teaching for sing- 
ing, and made a successful dtbut as the 
Count in " Figaro " ; he has now for 
twelve years past been a well-known 
and excellent singer of German, Italian, 
and Hungarian operas, and has often 
sung at all the great German Festspiels, 
as well as at our own Royal Opera at 
Covent Garden. Address : c/o Covent 
Garden Theatre, W.C. 

ZANDONAI, Eieardo, composer ; 6. 
Sacco, near Roverto, in 1883 ; e. at 
Pesaro ; his first composition of 
importance was a symphonic poem, 
" The Return of Ulysses " ; later he 
won a prize offered by the Vienna 
Ministry of Public Instruction for a 
one-act opera, the successful work 
being " La Coupe du Roi " ; in 1908 
he wrote " II Grille del Focolare " 
(founded on "The Cricket on the 
Hearth "), which was performed in 
Turin, Nice, and Genoa ; " Conchita," 
his latest opera, was produced at the 

Dal Verme Theatre, afterwards played 
in Rome and South America, and 
eventually with considerable success at 
Covent Garden Opera House in 1912. 
Address : c/o Covent Garden Theatre, 

ZARDO, Napoleone, baritone and 
teacher of singing; 6. Crespano, 
Veneto, in 1858 ; began, his musical 
studies at the age of ten, and soon 
after joined the Municipal Band, first 
presiding at the drums, and later 
playing the trombone; was for two 
years an organist at Paderno ; at the 
age of twenty he won a vocal scholar- 
ship, and went to Bergamo to study 
singing and composition; on the 
advice of PonchielH he decided on an 
operatic career, and placed himself 
under Roncpni ; made his d&but in 
opera at Torino in Gounod's " Tribute 
di Zamorra," and later sang principal 
baritone rdles in all the leading towns 
of Italy, Austria, Spain, Russia, and 
Portugal, besides visiting the United 
States with a company, including Patti, 
Albani, Nordica, Tamagno, etc., his 
repertoire comprising over thirty operas ; 
he returned to Italy in 1890, and the 
same year married Matilde Herz, an 
operatic vocalist ; came to London in 
1895, giving up the operatic stage for 
concert work and composition ; a 
number of successful songs from his 
pen have since been published by 
Messrs. Ascherberg, Ricordi, and 
others ; was appointed a professor 
of the G.S.M. in 1906; his opera, 
" La Vedova Scaltra/' was produced 
in Italy in 1909. Address : 92 Ledbury 
Road, W. ; and G.S.M. 

ZAVERTAL, Lodislao Joseph Philip 
Paul (Cavaliere), conductor and com- 
poser ; 6. Milan, 29 Sept., 1849 ; 5. of 
venceslao Zavertal, a noted composer 
and conductor ; his mother, Carlotta 
Mairano Nobile da Ponte, a member 
of a noble Italian family, was a singer 
of ability, though she rarely appeared 
in public; received his early musical 
training from his father, and as a lad 
gained a scholarship for violin-playing 
at the Naples Conservatoire; when 
fifteen years old he made his first 
attempt as a composer in collabora- 
tion with his father, producing a three- 
act opera entitled " Tita " ; made his 





first appearance as conductor in charge 
of a Milanese theatre orchestra; in 
1871 he went to Glasgow, when he 
attracted the attention of Hans von 
Bulow, who prophesied a brilliant 
career for him ; ten years later he was 
appointed conductor of the Royal 
Artillery Band ; the late Queen Vic- 
toria presented him with a gold- 
mounted bdton at the conclusion of a 
State performance by his orchestra at 
Windsor Castle ; King Edward ap- 
pointed him a member of the Royal 
Victorian Order, King Humbert made 
him a Cavalier of the Crown of Italy, 
the King of Greece conferred on him 
the Order of the Redeemer, and from 
the late King of Servia he received the 
Knight-Commandership of the Royal 
Order of Takova ; he was also made 
a Commander of the Star of Osmanieh 
by the Sultan, a member of the Society 
of St. Cecilia at Rome, and was granted 
the Saxe-Coburg-Ernestine Order. 

ZENATELLO, Signer; 6. Verona; 
was originally destined for a profes- 
sional career ; for many years, both 
at the Verona and Milan Conserva- 
toires, he was declared to be a bari- 
tone, and it was not until he was called 
upon at short notice to sing the part of 
Canio (owing to the failure of a brother 
artiste) that his claims as a tenor were 
fully recognised ; his debut, however, 
had taken place two months previously, 
at the Mercandante Theatre in Naples, 
as Silvio ; after three years' successful 
operatic work in Southern Italy, he 
returned to Milan for a further course 
of study under Moretti ; his first great 
success was scored in " Andre Chenier," 
at Suzarra, near Mantua; many 
important engagements in South 
America and Europe followed, until 
in 1903 his efforts were crowned by 
an engagement at the Scala Theatre, 
Milan ; here he remained four seasons, 
interspersed by visits to South 
America and Covent Garden; during 
the season 1907-1908 he was the lead- 
ing tenor at the Manhattan Opera 
House, New York; his repertoire 
numbers over fifty operas, and his 
favourite part is Rhadames ; a good 
rider and an ardent mountaineer, he 
devotes much time to both pursuits 
and a considerable portion of his large 

earnings to the up-keep of a Conserva- 
toire, which he has established at his 
own expense, in Verona, where free 
tuition is given to those of his fellow 
countrymen who show signs of musical 
ability. Address : c/o Covent Garden 
Theatre, W.C. 

ZEROLA, Nicola, tenor ; b. Naples 
in 1876 ; studied under Neapolitan 
teachers, and made his debut in Trieste, 
at the Politeama Rossetti, in " Pagli- 
acci " ; there quickly followed a long 
list of Continental engagements in 
Spain, Portugal, Holland, Belgium, 
Monte Carlo, Paris, and Italy, in- 
cluding the San Carlo Theatre in 
Trieste ; he made his first American 
appearance a few years ago in New 
York as Rhadames in " Aida," and 
upon the fall of the curtain Mr. 
Hammerstein engaged him upon a 
three years' contract, to start directly 
Zerola was free to begin ; this he was 
able to do shortly afterwards, and he 
was " presented " by the American 
impresario almost immediately ; he 
has since made many successful 
appearances at Covent Garden. Ad- 
dress : c/o Covent Garden Theatre, 

ZIMBALIST, Efrom, violinist; b. 
Russia, May, 1889; received his 
early musical training from his father, 
who was an accomplished musician, 
later studied under Auer at St. Peters- 
burg; made his first appearance in 
England in 1907, and has since been 
heard very frequently by London 
audiences ; has a great reputation on 
the continent, also in America, where 
he is now on tour (from Nov., 1912, 
to April, 1913). Agents : Schultz- 
Curtius and Powell, 44 Regent Street, 

ZIMMERMANN, Agnes Marie, 

pianist and composer ; 6. Cologne, but 
came to England at a very early age ; 
received her musical training at the 
R.A.M., and appeared at most of the 
principal London and provincial con- 
certs, including the Philharmonic Socie- 
ties and the Monday and Saturday 
" Pops." ; she also frequently played 
at the Crystal Palace Saturday Con- 
certs, under Sir August Manns ; at 





the Manchester concerts, with Sir 
Charles Hall6; and in the leading 
cities of Germany; she has edited 
Schumann's pianoforte works, and 
Beethoven's and Mozart's sonatas, 
besides composing a number of impor- 
tant pieces for the piano and violin, 
songs, part-songs, etc. Address : 6 
Green Street, Park Lane, W. Club : 
Albemarle, 37 Dover Street, W. 

ZBttMEBMANN, Louis, violinist ; b. 
19 July, 1873, at Groningen, Holland ; 
received his first violin and some les- 
sons from his father ; later became a 
pupil of Christopher Poortman, a well- 
known teacher in his native town ; at 
the age of sixteen he went to Leipzig, 
and became a pupil of Professor Hans 
Sott; in 1893 he took a course of 
private lessons from Ysaye at Brussels ; 
afterwards toured over Germany and 
Holland with much success ; in 1896 

became Hofconcertmeister at Darm- 
stadt; in 1899 went in a similar 
capacity to Amsterdam ; in 1902 was 
engaged by Sir Henry Wood to play 
solo in Strauss' " Ein Heldenleben " 
when performed at Queen's Hall under 
the composer's direction ; in 1904 
appointed Professor at the R.A.M. ; 
has composed some songs and pieces 
for violin and piano, and two works for 
violin and orchestra. 

ZUCCHI, Dante, tenor ; &. Mantova, 
Italy, and made his first professional 
appearance at the San Carlo Opera 
House at Naples ; since then he has 
appeared at all the leading theatres of 
Italy and Europe generally, including 
Covent Garden, where he made a 
specially good impression as Spoletta 
in " La Tosca " ; has appeared also at 
La Scala, Milan. Address : c/o Covent 
Garden Theatre, W.C. 

The following arrived TOO LATE for inclusion in correct 
Alphabetical order 

BYNG, George, formerly conductor 
and musical director of Alhambra 
Theatre, is now (1913) appointed to 
similar position at Gaiety Theatre. 

CROWIEY, John H., pianoforte 
manufacturer; b. April 30, 1897; 6 
Russell Square, London ; e. at Thorn- 
hill School, and studied music under 
de Lisle, George Blundens, and Dr. 
Ennis (now organist, Melbourne Cathe- 
dral) ; started on a business career, and 
became specialist demonstrator of 
automatic piano-players to Messrs. 
Hirsch & Co., for whom he toured 
Great Britain, giving recitals ; has 
made many visits to the States and 
Canada and the Continent to study 
the best methods of foreign piano 
manufacturers ; has recently started 
in business on his own account; m. 
(1905) to Grace, daughter of the late 
James Ross, Esq. Address : Wedmore 
Street, Holloway Road, London, N. 

O'NEILL, Norman, composer; b. 
Kensington, 14 Mar., 1875; s. of 
G. B. O'Neill; studied under Dr. 
Somervell in London, and Professor 
Ivan Knorr in Frankfort; m. Adine 
Ruekert. His principal compositions 
include : Orchestral works Overture, 
" In Autumn " (Op. 8) ; overture, 
"Hamlet" (Op. 11); overture, "In 
Spring-time " (Op. 21) ; Miniatures, 
suite for small orchestra (Op. 14) ; 
Danish Dance (dirge), from Incidental 
Music to " Hamlet " (Op. 13) ; " Death 
on the Hills," ballad for contralto and 
orchestra (Op. 12) ; " Waldemar," 
fantasy for soli, chorus, and orchestra 
(Op. 19); Overture, "Entr'actes," and 
Incidental Music to the play "A 
Lonely Queen " (Op. 22) ; Prelude and 
Intermezzo to the play " A Tragedy of 
Truth " (Op. 23) ; Miniatures, six 
pieces for full orchestra (Op. 25) ; 
Overture, " Entr'actes," and Inci- 
dental Music to the play, " The Last 





Heir" (Stephen Phillips), (Op. 28); 
variations for orchestra (Op. 29) ; a 
Scotch Rhapsody (Op. 30) ; " La belle 
dame sans merci," ballad for baritone 
and orchestra (Op. 31) ; Overture and 
Incidental Music to " King Lear " 
(Op. 34) ; Overture, dances and com- 
plete music to " The Blue Bird " (Op. 
37) ; music to " The Gods of the 
Mountain " (Op. 41) ; four Dances 
from "The Blue Bird," for full or 
small orchestra ; music to " The 
Golden Doom " ; music to " The 
Pretenders." Chamber music : Varia- 
tions for piano, violin, and 'cello 
(Op. 1) ; Quintet for piano, two violins, 
viola, and 'cello (Op. 10) ; Trio for 
piano, violin, and 'cello (Op. 7) ; Trio 
in one movement for violin, 'cello, and 
piano (Op. 26). Mr. O'Neill has also 
composed numerous violin and piano- 
forte pieces and a large number of 
songs ; he has edited " A Golden 
Treasury of Song " (Boosey) ; Ethical 
Hymn Book, with music (Oppenheimer 
Bros.) ; " A Song Garden for Children" 
(Arnold) ; Eight National Songs, for 
unison, chorus, and orchestra. Address: 
4 Pembroke Villas, W. Telephone : 
3069 Western. 

RUSSELL, Thomas Arthur; 6. in 

1880 ; e. Public Schools ; became 
interested in musical affairs some 
fifteen years ago, and up to the time 
he commenced business on his own 
account, served with many well-known 
firms. On the advice of several 
eminent musicians, started the " T. 
Arthur Russell Concert Direction " 
ten years ago, since when he has been 
associated with many world-famous 
artistes. Has travelled a great deal 
in connection with his concert tours. 
Has been agent for Mr. Landon 
Ronald's New Symphony Orchestra 
Symphony Concerts since their incep- 
tion, and has done much toward 
lowering the price of concert tickets. 
Was the originator of Sunday Concerts 
in the cathedral cities, and in spite of 
great opposition, succeeded by giving 
the public good music at a popular 
price in meeting with a fair amount 
of support. Hobby : Work. Offices : 
13 SackviUe Street, Piccadilly, W. 
Telephone : 1319 Mayfair. Telegrams : 
" Onsombal," London. 

WENZEL, Leopold, lately conductor 
at theGaietyTheatre,retired Feb., 1913. 



FROM 1895-1912 





%* This list does not include artistes who have appeared at perform- 
ances other than those for which the Royal Opera Syndicate are 


Adini, Mme. 
Albani, Mme. 
Albers, M. 
Alvarez, M. 
Amadi, M. 
Ancona, Sig. 
Arimondi, Sig. 
Bars, M. 

Bauermeister, Mile. 
Bellinconi, Mme. 
Bertram, M. 
Bevignani, Sig. 
Bispham, David 
Bonnard, M. 
Brani, Mile. 
Brazzi, Mile. 
Brozel, Philip 
Calve, Mme. 
Castelmary, M. 
Corsi, Sig. Kni 
de Lucia, Sig. 
de Lussan, Zelie 
de Reszke, Edouard 
de Reszke, Jean 
de Vaschetti, Sig. 
Eames, Mme. Emma 
Engle, Miss 
Flon, M. 
Florenza, M. 
Gilibert, M. 

Green, Richard 
Hedmondt, Edgar 
Jansen, Mile. 
Johnstone, Miss E. 
Joran, Mile. 
Kitzu, Signorina 
Lejeune, Mile. 
Macintyre, Miss 
Mancinelli, Sig. 
Mauguiere, Mr. 
Maurel, Mons. 
Meisslinger, Frl. 
Melba, Mme. Nellie 
Merez, Mme. Jeanne 
Metsik, Miss J. 
Monteith, Miss 
Moody, Miss 
Mordy, Mr. 
Mottl, Herr FeHx 
Olitzka, Mile. Rose 
O'Mara, Mr. J. 
Palmay, Ilka von. 
Patti, Mme. A. 
Pessina, Sig. 
Plancon, M. 
Ravogli, Mile. 
Sembrich, Mme. 
Seppilli, Sig. 
Tamagno, Sig. 
Vignas, Sig. 



Addison, Miss 
Adini, Mme. 
Albani, Mme. 
Albers, M, 
Alvarez, M. 
Ancona, Sig. 
Arenzi, Sig. 
Arimondi, Sig. 
Bars, M. 

Bauermeister, Mile. 
Beeth, M. 
Bevan, Mr. 
Bevignani, Sig. 
Bispham, David 
Bonnard, M. 
Brani, Mile. 
Brazzi, Sig. 
Brozel, Philip 
Calve, Mme. 
Castelmary, M. 
Corsi, Sig. Pini 
Cremonini Sig. 
d'Aima, C. 
de Lucia, Sig. 
de Lussan, Zelie 
de Reszke, Ed. 
de Reszke, Jean 
de Vaschetti, Sig. 
Eames, Emma 
Elba, Mme. M. 


Engle, Miss M. 
Florenza, Miss 
Gffibert, M. 
Holmes, George 
Huddleston, Jessie 
Johnston, Miss E. 
Joran, Miss 

Lunn, Louise Kirkby 
Macintyre, Miss 
Mantelli, MUe. 
Meisslinger Frl. 
Melba, Mme. 
OHtzka, MUe. R. 
O'Mara, Mr. J. 
PaiUard, M. 
Piroia, Sig. 
Planon, Mons. 
Reid, Miss M. 
Renouf, Mr. 
Rinaldini, Sig. 
Roberts, Miss M. 
Russell, Miss 
Sanda, Miss E. 
Sembrich, Mme. 
Trabucco, Sig. 
Tree, Miss L. 


Adini, Mme. 
Alvarez, M. 
Ancona, Sig. 
Bars, M. 
Barlett, Miss 
Bauermeister, Mile 
Bispham, David 
Bonnard, M. 
Brazzi, Mme. 
Bruna, Mile. 
Calve, Mme. 
Cantoren, MUe. 
Ceppi, Sig. 
Gorsi, Sig, C. 
Gracklow, C. R. 
de Lussan, Zelie 
de Reszke Ed. 
de Reszke, Jean 
de Vaschetti, Sig. 
Devigne, MUe. 
Dippel, Mr. 
Dufrane, M. 
Dufriche, M. 
Dupeyron, M. 
Eames, Emma 
Engle, Mile. 
Fugore, Sig. 

Gilibert, M. 
Heink, Mme. 
Journet, M. 
Lieban, Herr 
McCuUoch, Miss 
Mclntyre, Miss 
Meisslinger, Frl. 
Melba, Mme. Nellie 
Mena, M. 
Note, M. 
Pacary, MUe. 
PaUiser, Esther 
Paz, M. 

;s, Herr 

Mr. LemprieTe 
ReidT Miss M. 
Renaud, M. 
Roudez, Miss 
Roumoy, M. 
Salignac, M. 
Saville, Mme. 
Scaremberg, M. 
Schumann, Mme. 
Sedlmair, Mme. 
Simon, Herr 
Strong, Miss 
Viviani, Sig. 


Adams, Mme* 
Albers, M. 
Aldridge, Miss 
Bandu, M. 
Beuer, Herr 
Bonnard, M. 
Brema, Marie 
Calv6, Mme. 
Campanari, Sig. 
Carbone, M. 
Cazeneuve, M. 
Christmann, MUe. 
Costa, Herr 
de Lussan, Zelie 
de Reszke, Ed. 
de Reszke, Jean 
DippeU, Herr 
Dufrane, M. 
Dufridie, M, 
Eames, Emma 
Engle, Miss M. 
Feinhalls Herr 
Gasdky, Mme. 
Ganne, MUe. 
GiHbert, M. 
Heglon, Mme. 
Heink, Frau 


Hieser, Frl. 
Janson, Miss A. 
Journet, M. 
Kranich, Herr 
Lorent, Herr 
McCuUoch, Miss 
Meisslinger, Frl. 
Melba, Mme. Nellie 
Meux, Thos. 
Nebe, Heir 
Nordica, Mme. 
Pacary, MUe. 
Plancon, M. 
Pohlig, Herr, 
Pringle, Mr. Lempriere 
Reid, MUe. 
Renaud, M. 
Roudez, Miss 
Sales, Miss D. 
Saleza, M. 
SaviUe, Mme. 
Schalk, Herr 
Schumann, Mme. 
Simon, Herr 
Soulacroix, M. 
Ternina, Frl. 
Thompson, Miss 
Van Dyck, M 
Vanni, Sig. 
Von Artner, Frl. 
Von Milde, Herr 
Van Rooy, Herr 
Weed, Frl. 
Wittekopf, Herr 
Zumpe, Herr 


Adams, Suzanne 
Albers, M. 
Albertieri, M. 
Altona, MUe. 
Alvarez, M. 
Ancona, Sig. 
Bandu, M. 
Bars, M. 
Bartlett, Miss 
Bauermeister, Mile. 
Bispham, David 
Brema, Marie 
BrSval, MUe. 
Calve, Mme. 
Castelbert, Mr. 
CavaUazi, Mme. 
Cazeneuve, M. 
Gracklow, Mr. 
de Lucia, Sig. 

de Lussan, Zelie 
de Reszke, Ed. 
de Reszke, Jean 
Devries, M. 
Dippel, Mr. 
Dufriche, M. 
Elba, Mile. Marie 
Engle, Miss 
Fano, Sig. 
Flon, M. 
Gadski, Frl. 
Gilibert. M. 
Harder, Mr. 
Heglon, Mme. 
Heidkamp, Herr 
Heink, Mme. Schumann 
Homer, Mme. 
Journet, M. 
Kellog, MUe. Molka 
Langammer, Mr. 
Leclerc, Mile. 
Lehman, Lilli 
Litvinne, Mme. 
Mancinelli, Sig. 
McCuUoch, Miss 
McDonald, Miss 
Melba, Mme. Nellie 
Meux, Thos. 
Mottl, Frau 
Mottl, Herr Felix 
Muck, Dr. Herr 
Mulhmann, Herr 
Nepoti, Sig. 
Nordica, Mme. 
Olitzka, Mile. R. 
Pla, M. 
Plancon, M. 
Pringle, Mr. Lempriere 
Ravogli, Mme. 
Renaud, M. 
Rigo, Mr. 
Roudez, Mile.. 
Saar Herr 
Saleza, M. 
Salignac, M. 
SchefE, Frl. 
Scheidermantel, Herr 
Schramm, Herr 
Scotti, Sig. 
Seiffert, Frl. 
Simon, Herr 
Sobrino, Mme. 
Strakosch, Mile. 
Strong, Mme. 
Thevenet, Mille. 
Van Dyck, M. 
Vanni, Sig. 
Van Rooy, Herr ] 


Waddington, Mr. S. P. 
Webber, Mr. A. 


Adams, Suzanne 
Allard, M. 
Almanz, M. 

Ambrosiny, M Francois 
Baldelli, Sig. 
Bars, M. 
Bauasch, Herr 
Bauermeister, Mile. 
Bensaude, M. 
Berge, M. 
Bertram, Herr 
Blass, Herr 
Bonci, Sig. 
Breuer, Herr 
Briestmeister, Herr 
Caisso, M. 
Calve, Mme. 
Carlen, Herr 
Coini, M. 
Gomelli, Sig. A. 
Cortesi, Mile. 
Cossira, Sig. 
Daddi, Sig. 
Declery, M. 
Delmar, Mile, 
de la Tour, M. Imbart 
de Lucia, Sig. 
de Lussan, Zelie 
de Reszke, Ed. 
de Reszke, Jean 
de Vere, Mine. 
Dippel, Herr 
Dufriche, M. 
Fabregues, M. 
Flachat, M. 
Flon, M. 
Friedrichs, Herr 
Gadski, Frl. 
Gilibert, M. 
Gulbranson, Frau 
Heink,, Mme. Schumann 
Heiser, Frl. 
Hill, Mme. Lucile 
Homer, Mme. 
Journet, M. 
Klopfer, Herr 
Krauss, Herr 
Latham, Mr. 
Lieban, Frau 
Lieban, Herr 
Mancinelli, Sig. 
Maubourg, Mile. 
McCulloch, Miss 


Mclntyre, Miss 
Melba, Mme. Nellie 
Meux, Thos. 
Miranda, Mile. 
Mottl, Herr 
Mottl, Frau 
Mulhmann, Herr 
Neilson, Mr. F. 
Nepoti, Sig. 
Olitzka, Mile. R. 
O'Mara, Mr. J. 
Pauer, Herr 
Pla, M. 
Plancon, M. 
Pringle, Mr. Lempriere 
Reuss, Frl, 
Revy, Mile. Aurelie 
Rigo, M. 
Saar, Herr 
Saleza, M. 
Salignac, M. 
Scheff, Mile. 
Schramm, Herr 
Scotti, Sig. 
Simon, Herr 
Sinico, MUe. 
Slezak, Herr 
Sobrino, Mme. 
Steiner, Herr 
Strong, Miss S. 
Temina, Mme. 
Van Rooy, Herr 
Viviani, Sig. 
Waddington, Mr. S. P. 
Walker, Frl. E. 
Wareham, Mr. 


Adams, Suzanne 
Aldridge, Miss 
Almanz, M. 

Ambrosiny, M. Francois 
Ancona, Sig. 
Anselmi, Sig. 
Bauermeister, Mile. 
Berge, M. I. 
Bispham, David 
Blass, Herr 
Brema, Mme. M. 
Breval, MUe. 
Calve, Mme. 
Clarence, Mr. O. 
Claus, Mme. Frankel 
Clementen, M. Sapio 
Coates, Mr. John 
Cornelli, M. A. 
Courtier, Mr. Dutton 


David, Frl. 

Van Rooy, Herr 

Dedery, M. 

Vieulle, M. 

Delmar, MUe. 

Waddington, Mr. S. P. 

de Marchi, Sig. 

Webber, Mr. A. 

de Vere, Mme. Sapio 

Dufriche, M. 

Eames, Mme. Emma 


Earle, M. H. 

Flon, M. 

Adams, Suzanne 

Forcnhammer, Herr 

Allard, M. 

Forgeur, M. 

Almanz, M. 

Foster, M. 

Altona, MUe. 

Gadski, Mme. 

Ambrosiny, M. Franois 

Gilibert, M. 

Archdeacon, Albert, 

Griswold, Mr. P; 

Arens, Mr. 

Hyde, Walter 

Bauermeister, Mile. 

Isnardon, M. 

Berge, M. I. 

Jerome, M. 

Bispham, David 

Journet, M. 

Blass, Herr 

Klopfer, Herr 

Brema, Mme. Marie 

Knote, Herr 

Calve, Mme. 

Lohse, Herr 

Campanini, Sig. 

Limn, Mme. Kirkby 

Caruso, Sig. Enrico 

Magrath, Mr. 

Colsaux, M. 

Mancinelli, Sig. 

Gomelli, Sig. A. 

Masiero, M. 

Corsi, M. Pini 

Maubourg, MUe. 

Coates, Mr. J. 

McCulloch, Miss 

Davies, Mr. Ben 

Melba, Mme. Nellie 

Delmar, Mme. 

Mercier, M. 

de Lussan, MUe. Z. 

Messager, M. A, 

Donges, Frl. 

Miller, Miss E. 

Drach, Herr F. 

Mohwinkel, Herr 

Dufriche, M. E. 

Moore, Mr. H. G. 

Earle, Mr. Hamilton 

Mulhmann, Herr 

Flon, M. 

Nepoti, Sig. 

Forgeur, M. 

Nicholls, Miss 

Fremstad, MUe. 

OUtzka, MUe. R. 

Garden, Miss Mary 

Pacquot, MUe. 

Gilibert, M. 

Pla, M. 

Helian, MUe. 

Plancon, M. 

Helm, Herr Kraemer 

Rea, Mr. L. 

Journet, M. 

Reiss, Herr 

Klopfer, Herr 

Saar, Herr 

Kraus, Herr 

Saleza, M. 

Lewandomski, Herr 

Salignac, M. 

Litvinne, Mme. 

Scheff, MUe. 

Lohse, Frau 

Scotti, Sig. 

Lohse, Herr 

Seveilhac, M. P. 

Lunn, Mme. Kirkby 

Simon, Herr 

Mancinelli, Sig. 

SobeU, Mr. Fischer 

Marechal, M. 

Sobrino, Mme. 

Masiero, Sig. 

Strakosch, MUe. 

Maubourg, MUe. 

Tamagno, Sig. 

McCuUoch, Miss 

Temple, Mr. R. 

Melba, Mme. Nellie 

Ternina, Frl. 

Messager, M. Andr6 

Valero, Sig. 

Metzger, Frl. 

Van Dyck, M. 

Mulhmann, Herr 


Nepoti, Sig. 
Nordica, Mme. 
Norelli, Mme. 
Pacini, MUe. 
Pennarini, Herr 
Pla, M. 
Plan9on, M. 
Rea, Mr. 
Reiss, Herr 
Renaud, M. 
Revy, MUe. A. 
Saar, Herr 
Saleza, M. 
Salignac, M. 
Scheff, Frl. 
Scotti, Sig. 
Seveilhac, M. 
Simon, Herr 
Sobrino, Mme. 
Strong, Miss S. 
Turner, Miss 
Van Dyck, M, 
Van Rooy, M. 
Waddington, Mr. S. P. 
Zulkes, Herr 


Adams, Suzanne 
Almanz, M. 
Alvarez, M. 

Ambrosiny, M. Francois 
Anthes, Herr 
Bauermeister, Mile. 
Berg6, M. I. 
Bertram, Herr 
Blass, Herr 
Blauvelt, Mme. Lilian 
Bolska, Mme. 
Bonci, Sig. 
Bridwell, Miss 
Burchardt, Mme. 
Calve, Mme. 
Comelli, Sig. A. 
Gomelli, Sig. E. 
Corsi, Sig. Pini 
Delmas, M. 
Deppe, Frl. 
Dianni, Sig. 
Drach, Herr 
Dufriche, M. E. 
Earle, Mr. H. 
Egli, Frau Knupfer 
Fassin, M. 
Flon, M. 
Fremstad, Miss 
Garden, Miss M. 


Geis, Herr 

Gilibert, M. 
Gleiss, Ed. Feuge 
Hedmondt, Mr. E. C. 
Helian, MUe. 
Holy, Herr 
Horty, Herr 
Janson, Mme. 
Journet, M. 
Klopfer, Herr 
Knote, Herr 
Krasa, Herr 
Krauss, Herr 
Kreuz, Herr Emil 
Lohse, Frau 
Lohse, Herr 
Lunn, Mme. Kirkby 
la Palme, Mile. 
Lewandowiski, Herr 
Lieban, Herr 
Maitland, Mr. 
Mancinelli, Sig. 
Masiero, Sig. 
Maubourg, Mi